How Did Islam Spread To India? (Solution found)

Islam arrived in the inland of Indian subcontinent in the 7th century when the Arabs conquered Sindh and later arrived in North India in the 12th century via the Ghurids conquest and has since become a part of India’s religious and cultural heritage.

  • Through continued trade between Arab Muslims and Indians, Islam continued to spread in coastal Indian cities and towns, both through immigration and conversion. The first great expansion of Islam into India came during the Umayyad Dynasty of caliphs, who were based in Damascus.

Why did Islam spread so quickly in India?

Naturally, when the Arabs began to convert to Islam, they carried their new religion to the shores of India. Through continued trade between Arab Muslims and Indians, Islam continued to spread in coastal Indian cities and towns, both through immigration and conversion.

How did Islam primarily spread into India?

Islamic influence first came to be felt in the Indian subcontinent during the early 7th century with the advent of Arab traders. Arab traders used to visit the Malabar region, which was a link between them and the ports of South East Asia to trade even before Islam had been established in Arabia.

How did Islam spread to India quizlet?

How did Islam spread to India, and what impact did it have on the region? First came with Arab merchants and conquerors and then with the Maluks. They ruled the first Muslim, Indian Empire. Most Indians were Hindu which cause many conflicts for centuries.

Who accepted Islam first in India?

Numerous Indians living in the coastal areas of Kerala accepted the principles of the new religion and converted to Islam. The Brahmin King Cheraman Perumal was the first Indian to convert to Islam based on a historical event. The event was that a group of Prophet Muhammad’s Sahaba visited Kodungallur.

Who brought Islam in India?

Islam arrived in the inland of Indian subcontinent in the 7th century when the Arabs conquered Sindh and later arrived in North India in the 12th century via the Ghurids conquest and has since become a part of India’s religious and cultural heritage.

How did Islam affect India?

Islam gave the message of universal brotherhood, introduced equality in society, rejected caste system and untouchability. In due course, these ideas began to have a conscious or unconscious effect upon the philosophical Hindu mind and fostered the growth of liberal movements under religious reformers.

How did Islam start and spread?

The start of Islam is marked in the year 610, following the first revelation to the prophet Muhammad at the age of 40. Muhammad and his followers spread the teachings of Islam throughout the Arabian peninsula. In other parts of the world, Islam spread through trade and commerce.

How did Islam initially spread?

Islam spread through military conquest, trade, pilgrimage, and missionaries. Arab Muslim forces conquered vast territories and built imperial structures over time.

What 3 continents did Islam first spread to?

The Islamic empire began in Southwest Asia (Middle East) and quickly expanded into Africa and then deeper into Asia. The territory was under Islamic control, but most of the people did not convert to Islam immediately. Islamic rulers allowed people to worship their religion, but often they had to pay a protection tax.

Which event led to the spread of Islam to India?

After the capture of Lahore and the end of the Ghaznavids, the Ghurid Empire ruled by Muhammad of Ghor and Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad laid the foundation of Muslim rule in India. In 1206, Bakhtiyar Khalji led the Muslim conquest of Bengal, marking the easternmost expansion of Islam at the time.

How and where did Islam spread quizlet?

Islam spread quickly because its leaders conquered surrounding territories. As Muhammad and the Muslim leaders that came after him conquered lands in the Middle East and beyond they spread the teachings of Islam. Islam spread quickly because its leaders treated newly conquered people well.

Why did Allah choose Muhammad?

Background. Muslims believe Allah chose Muhammad to be his prophet because he was a fair and wise man and because he was concerned for the people. Allah continued to reveal his word to the prophet for the next 23 years. The revealed teachings were written down by the Prophet Muhammad’s close friends and followers.

Was India a Hindu country?

Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world behind Christianity and Islam. Presently, India and Nepal are the two Hindu majority countries.

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Do you know how Islam spread in the Indian subcontinent?

CAIRO, Egypt, May 29th, 2017: The Indian subcontinent (which includes India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh) is home to more than 500 million Muslims today, making it one of the world’s greatest concentrations of Muslims in terms of population size. Since Islam first arrived in India, it has made significant contributions to the region and its people. There are a plethora of ideas on how India got to be such a mostly Muslim country today. As far as politics is concerned, some (such as the Hindutva movement in India) are attempting to make Islam appear foreign to India by asserting that it only exists as a result of Muslim conquests from Arab and Persian lands.

The First Muslim Indians to Arrive in North America Traders from Arab countries came in touch with Indian traders as early as the 600s, during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him).

So it was only natural that when Arabs began to convert to Islam, they brought their new faith with them to the coasts of India.

Islam continued to flourish in coastal Indian cities and towns as a result of the continuation of commerce between Arab Muslims and Indians, both through immigration and conversion to Islam.

  1. A young 17-year-old teenager from Taif was selected by the Umayyads to extend Umayyad power into Sindh in 711.
  2. According to Wikipedia, Sindh is the region around The Indus River in Pakistan’s Northwestern region, which is located in the subcontinent’s Northwestern section.
  3. As he made his way into India, he faced little opposition.
  4. As a result, most cities along the Indus River fell under Muslim authority peacefully and without any conflict.
  5. Although many of the populace supported and approved of Muhammad bin Qasim’s Muslim invasion, the Raja of Sindh, Dahir, was hostile to it and prepared his army against the Muslim conqueror.
  6. With the triumph, Muslims gained control of the whole province of Sindh.
  7. In reality, practically everyone said that their day-to-day activities had not changed.

Those belonging to the Brahman caste, for example, remained to work as tax collectors, and the Buddhist monks continued to maintain their monasteries.

Consistency in Conversion Patterns The successive waves of Muslim troops that penetrated into India followed a pattern that was very similar.

Because pre-Islamic India was fully founded on a caste system in which society was divided into various portions, conversion to Islam was a gradual process that took place in stages over centuries.

This might occur for a variety of different causes.

In the caste system, your social standing is determined by the family you were born into.

By switching to Islam, people were given the opportunity to advance in society and were no longer subject to the Brahman caste’s authority.

If individuals desired to escape the caste system, they used to relocate to big population centers and convert to Buddhism, which was the traditional method.

Islam is not responsible for the brutal destruction of Buddhism in India, as is commonly believed.

Wandering instructors also had a significant role in spreading Islam to the general public.

Many of them advocated Sufi teachings, a more mystical approach to Islam that was popular among the general public.

Did Islam spread as a result of coercion?

Despite the fact that Muslim authorities succeeded Hindu rulers in the majority of places, society remained mostly unchanged.

If Islam were to spread by bloodshed and battle, the Muslim population in India today would only exist in the places that are closest to the rest of the Muslim world, which is not the case.

As a result, we are seeing pockets of Islam spread over the subcontinent.

Isolated Muslim populations can also be found in western Myanmar, central India, and eastern Sri Lanka, among other places.

If Islam were to be promoted by force, as some believe, these Muslim communities would not exist today.

Because the Indian subcontinent continues to be a multi-ethnic and multi-religious environment, it is critical to comprehend Islam’s status in the area.

Written by Firas AlKhateeb and first published in Lost Islamic History, this piece is a reprint of the original.

Did you know?: The Spread of Islam in Southeast Asia through the Trade Routes

The Silk Roads are among the most important routes in our collective history, and they are still in use today. The establishment of ties between east and west was made possible by the construction of these highways, which exposed varied regions to a variety of different ideas and ways of life. Notably, many of the world’s main religions, including Islam, were spread as a result of these contacts, which is noteworthy. Following the establishment of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century, the religion began to spread eastward through commerce, which was aided by the construction of the maritime Silk Roads.

  • This allowed them to control the East-West trade routes that ran over the maritime Silk Roads, which linked numerous key ports in eastern Asian countries together.
  • Due to these exchanges, Islam was able to spread even farther, reaching people living in significant coastal towns on the Indian Subcontinent and in China, as well as those living in more remote South-eastern islands such as modern Indonesia and the Philippines.
  • Historically, Muslim traders traveling from the Arabian Peninsula to China’s ports had to transit via these islands in the southern hemisphere through the maritime Silk Roads.
  • According to popular belief, some of these traders eventually moved in Indonesia and assimilated with the locals.
  • It is possible to see archeological evidence of Islam being practiced by monarchs in the 13th century by looking at tombstones inscribed with dates according to the Islamic year of Sumatran Kings from the 13th century.
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Furthermore, during the 13th century, contacts between Muslim merchants and the local population, as well as trade through the Silk Roads between the southern Philippines and other neighboring regions such as Brunei, Malaysia, and Indonesia, aided in the spread of Islam among the local population in those regions.

  • Islam, like Buddhism, was assimilated into the existing cultural and religious influences of the Southeast Asian areas in a similar way.
  • Sri Lanka has an ancient monastic hospital system that dates back thousands of years.
  • The Khwarazm region and the Silk Roads are intertwined.
  • The spread of Buddhism throughout South and Southeast Asia as a result of trade routes.

Sayyid Bin Abu Ali, a true representative of intercultural relations throughout the Maritime Silk Roads, was recently honored. Thailand and the Silk Roads of the Maritime Silk Roads The Greeks Have a Foothold in Central Asia Routes of the Maritime Silk Routes in Central Asia

‘Trade, not invasion brought Islam to India’

Denis Johnston, an Irish dramatist, once stated that myths are not formed; rather, they are generated by themselves and then find expression in whatever fits their purpose in life. Perhaps it’s time we helped clear some widespread myths. Muslim conquerors introduced Islam to India, and it has been there ever since. Most historians now agree that India’s introduction to Islam was through Arab commerce and not Muslim invaders, as is popularly claimed. The Arabs had been travelling to the Malabar coast in southern India as traders for a long time, much before Islam had been introduced in Arabia.

Arab Muslims began to assume positions of importance in the places where they had established themselves during the 8th and 9th century, according to B P Sahu, professor emeritus of history at Delhi University.

The Prophet Mohammed was still alive at the time, and this mosque in India would have been one of the world’s very earliest mosques, demonstrating the presence of Islam in India long before the Muslim conquerors came on the continent.

Vincent Smith writes in his book, The Oxford History of India, that the story told by the Buddhist monks of Ceylon that Asoka slaughtered 98 or 99 of his brothers in order to clear his way to the throne is absurd and was most likely invented to draw attention to Asoka’s alleged abnormal wickedness prior to his conversion to Buddhism.

  1. However, according to Nayanjot Lahiri, professor in the department of history at Delhi University, this is a mythology which can’t be immediately disregarded and it probably has a grain of reality.
  2. According to Lahiri, the fact that Asoka’s ceremonial consecration was delayed for almost four years after the death of his father Bindusara implies that his ascent to the throne was challenged.
  3. Buddhist monks followed a vegetarian diet.
  4. Nevertheless, according to Nayanjot Lahiri, the notion that meat and its products were forbidden to Buddhist monks is a fallacious assumption.
  5. It was claimed that fish and flesh were among the five higher and delicate things that a monk who was ailing was permitted to have.
  6. The sole restriction was that they were not allowed to consume the meat of animals that had been expressly killed for them.
  7. According to Lahiri, proof of this may be found in the archaeology of Buddhism, since animal bones have been discovered at two major Buddhist sites in Sri Lanka, the Abhayagiri vihara in Anuradhapura and the Sigiriya vihara, indicating that Buddhist monks were not vegetarians.

During the reign of the Mughal empire, a humble prostitute finds herself in love with the crown prince, who is willing to ignore his father’s wishes in order to be with his lover.

Because Anarkali never existed in the first place.

According to Irfan Habib, the legend of Anarkali began to take shape four years after Jahangir’s death, when she was briefly mentioned in some manuscripts from the 1630s, when she was mentioned in some texts from the 1630s.

Despite this, Anarkali’s name continues to be associated with Salim, and she is arguably more well-known than even his wife, the historical Noorjahan, was at the time of her death.

Alternatively, tales circulated by European travelers and eventually picked up by popular culture, resulting in the mythology of Salim and Anarkali becoming firmly entrenched in people’s minds.

It is said that Akbar’s first Rajput wife was the eldest daughter of Bhar Mal, the Raja of Amber, who was Akbar’s first Rajput husband.

The evidence of history, on the other hand, shows differently.

She is not mentioned by name by Abul Fazal in his ‘Akbarnama,’ despite the fact that she is Akbar’s wife.

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This is due to the fact that, according to N R Farooqi, Akbar’s Rajput queen did not go by the name of Jodha Bai.

Because she was a member of the Jodhpur royal family, she was also referred to as Jodha Bai, which means “royal daughter.” ‘She was a very significant woman in the royal family,’ Farooqi claims, and she was a very important woman in the royal household.

It was perhaps during the nineteenth century that guides at Fatehpur Sikri began to refer to Jodha Bai as Akbar’s Rajput wife, according to Irfan Habib, that the legend of Jodha Bai as Akbar’s Rajput wife gained traction. This view continues to this day. FacebookTwitterLinkedinEMail

Hinduism – Hinduism and Islam

  • The Vedas, Brahmans, and questions of religious authority are discussed.
  • Issues of religious authority, including the Veda and Brahmans
  • The Vedas, Brahmans, and questions of religious authority are discussed.
  • The growth of the major sects, including Vaishnavism, Shaivism, and Shaktism
  • Southeast Asia and the Pacific are seeing an increase in Hinduism.
  • Influence on the Mediterranean world and its implications
  • The growth of devotional Hinduism in the fourth through eleventh centuries
  • Textual and liturgical elaborations include: the later Vedas
  • It is the later Vedas that are elaborations of text and ceremony
  • Views of nature, mankind, and the sacred held by Tantric and Shakta practitioners
  • Visual arts, drama, and dance are examples of cultural expressions.

However, while some earlier histories mention Islam being widely adopted beyond the Arab peninsula beginning in the mid-seventh century, in reality this did not occur for at least a century beyond that time period. According to Richard C. Foltz, the reason for this misunderstanding is due to a misinterpretation of the wordislam (which means “submission”), which has been used in Muslim histories to refer to the submission of one clan to the authority of another, rather than the spread of the Islamic faith in its proper sense.

To the contrary, Foltz claims that the act of submitting resulted in the formation of de facto non-aggression pacts between Muslim Arabs and their neighbors.

When the Muslim clans expanded into these territories, they had no difficulty ousting the Sassanian and Byzantine rulers and their soldiers; some communities, according to Foltz, even opened their doors to the Muslim Arabs and greeted them as liberators after the invasion.

Several other kingdoms ruled by Arab and non-Arab Muslim dynasties would come to dominate the entire world by 750, extending from Spain in the west all the way through northern Africa, across all of Persia and the entire Middle East, as far east as the eastern edge of the Tang Empire in the Tarim Basin, and crossing the Indus river into the Indian subcontinent.

Instead, they were bound together by governments that were based on the interpretation of Islamic law and had a common history.

For the most part, Muslims referred to their faith as “the Arab religion” (al-din al-‘arab), and they made little effort to convert non-Muslims to Islam.

3 Consistently distinguishing between reigning Muslims and conquered non-Muslims provided for smoother government and ensured Muslims a favored position under the rules of each of the numerous Islamic nations in which they lived.

Fourteenth, non-Muslims were strongly encouraged to convert to Islam, particularly those who had previously held elite economic, social, and political positions.

Apart from that, the Arabs saw in those they conquered a natural aptitude for administrative work.

As government officials, it would appear that they should have converted to Islam, however they did not do so until after they began to advocate for the same rights as Arab Muslims.

As a result of this development, Arab Muslims began to see non-Arab converts asmawla (or “clients”), so elevating themawla to the status of honorary clan member.

6 By the middle of the ninth century, Muslims had gained control of the western part of the Silk Route, and trade had emerged as the second most important element in Islam’s growth.

7Muslim traders journeyed as far as the Tang capital of Chang-an, as well as other towns in the Chinese empire, and even further to the east, to trade with the Chinese.

At 757, the Tang emperor handed Muslim troops lands in the western-most periphery of the empire as a prize for their assistance in putting down the uprising of An Lushan, and fifty years later Muslims were permitted to settle in Yunnan province.

8 Islam dictates that children of Muslim fathers must be reared as Muslims, which resulted in the establishment of a Muslim Chinese minority in certain locations during the Tang dynasty.

– John D.


Martin’s Press, 1999), p.

(2) Foltz, Richard C., Religions of the Silk Road: Overland Trade and Cultural Exchange from Antiquity to the Fifteenth Century (New York: St.


(3)Ibid., p.

(4)Ibid., p.

(4) Lewis, Bernad, et al (ed.).

II, Religion and Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987), page 224.

II, Religion and Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987), page 224.

(6 ) Ira M. Lapidus’s A History of Islamic Societies (Cambridge University Press, 1988) has the following passage: “A History of Islamic Societies” (p. 98). Foltz (1996), p. 96.

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