How Many Denominations Of Islam? (Solution)

Historically, Islam was divided into three major sects well known as Sunni, Khawarij and Shī’ah. Nowadays, Sunnis constitute about 90% of the overall Muslim population while the Shi’as are around 10%. Today, many of the Shia sects are extinct.

  • What are the denominations in Islam? Within Islam, there are two main denominations, called Sunni and Shi’a. How many denominations are in Islam? Most Muslims are of one of two denominations: Sunni (85–90%) or Shia (10–15%). Sunni and Shia differences arose from disagreement over the succession to Muhammad and acquired broader political significance, as well as theological and juridical dimensions.


What are the 73 sects Islam?

Sectarian divisions

  • Sunnī Islam.
  • Shiʿa Islam.
  • Kharijite Islam.
  • Murijite Islam.
  • Muʿtazila Islam.
  • Sunnī
  • Shiʿa.
  • Ibadi.

What are the denominations of Islam?

Though the two main sects within Islam, Sunni and Shia, agree on most of the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam, a bitter split between the two goes back some 14 centuries. The divide originated with a dispute over who should succeed the Prophet Muhammad as leader of the Islamic faith he introduced.

How many sects are there in Islam 72?

The most frequently cited hadith regarding the 73 divisions of the Muslim faith is reported as: the Jews are divided into 71 sects (firqa), the Christians into 72 sects, and my community will divide into 73 sects (Ibn Majah, Abu Daud, al-Tirmidhi and al-Nisa’i). The hadith also occurs in many other versions as well.

What are the 2 denominations of Islam?

A disagreement over succession after Mohammed’s death in 632 split Muslims into Islam’s two main sects, Sunni and Shia.

Is Pakistan Sunni or Shia?

Almost all of the people of Pakistan are Muslims or at least follow Islamic traditions, and Islamic ideals and practices suffuse virtually all parts of Pakistani life. Most Pakistanis belong to the Sunni sect, the major branch of Islam. There are also significant numbers of Shiʿi Muslims.

How many denomination are there?

There are more than 45,000 denominations globally. Followers of Jesus span the globe. But the global body of more than 2 billion Christians is separated into thousands of denominations. Pentecostal, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Baptist, Apostolic, Methodist — the list goes on.

Is Christianity a religion or denomination?

Christianity is an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. It is the world’s largest religion, with about 2.5 billion followers.

Who wrote the Quran?

The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.

What is Hanafi law?

The Hanafi School is one of the four major schools of Sunni Islamic legal reasoning and repositories of positive law. While the Hanafi madhab, along with other Sunni schools, utilizes qiyas (analogical reasoning) as a method of legal reasoning, Abu Hanifa himself relied extensively on ra’y (personal opinion).

What is Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat?

The Jamaat Ahle Sunnat (Urdu: جماعت اہل سنت) is a Muslim religious organization in Pakistan that represents the Barelvi movement.

What is Wahhabism in Islam?

Wahhabism (Arabic: الوهابية, romanized: al-Wahhābiyyah, lit. ‘Wahhabism’) is a term used to refer to the Islamic revivalist and fundamentalist movement within Sunni Islam which is associated with the Hanbali reformist doctrines of the Arabian scholar Muhammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhab (1703-1792).

What is difference between Sunni and Shiite?

The main difference between Sunni and Shiite Muslims is their belief surrounding who should have succeeded the Prophet Muhammad in 632 AD. Historically, Sunni Muslims believed that Abu Bakr was the rightful successor, while Shiite, or Shia, Muslims thought it should have been Ali ibn Abi Talib.

What’s difference between Shia and Sunni?

Those who followed the Prophet’s closest companion (Abu Bakr) became known as Sunni (the followers of the Prophet’s example – Sunnah). Those who followed the Prophet’s cousin and son-in-law (‘Ali) became known as Shi’a (the followers of the Party of ‘Ali – Shi’atu Ali).

What is the Sunni branch of Islam?

Sunni, Arabic Sunnī, member of one of the two major branches of Islam, the branch that consists of the majority of that religion’s adherents. Sunni Muslims regard their denomination as the mainstream and traditionalist branch of Islam —as distinguished from the minority denomination, the Shiʿah.

Denominations of Islam

Islamic religious groups differ significantly from one another in terms of theological and legal doctrine. Sunni, Shi’a, and Sufi are the three major sects of Islam.


Sunni Islam is practiced by the vast majority of Muslims worldwide (about 90 percent ). It is divided into four schools of thought (madhhabs), each of which interprets certain aspects of Islamic law in a different way, such as which foods are halal (permissible). They are called after the four founders of their respective movements: Maliki, Shafi’I, Hanafi, and Hanbali.


Shia Islam encompasses the vast majority of Muslims who do not fall under the Sunni umbrella. They are divided into two groups: the Jafaryia (which refers to its founder) and the “Twelvers,” and a few minor groups known as the “Seveners” and “Fivers,” which refer to how many infallible leaders they recognize after Muhammad’s death. The Jafaryia is the largest of the Shia’s schools of thought, and the “Twelvers” are the smallest. The name Shia is commonly used to refer to the Jafaryia/Twelvers, and this is generally correct.


While some Muslims regard the Islamic mysticism known as Sufism to be a distinct branch of Islam, the vast majority of Sufis may be classified as either Sunni or Shia. In non-practitioners’ eyes, Sufism appears to be the most difficult to comprehend since sufis appear to be either of Shiah or Sunni denomination. However, it is true that some sects of Sufismcan be classified as both Sunni and Shiah, while others are not from either denomination. The contrast is made here because the schools of thought (madhhabs) are concerned with the “legal” parts of Islam, the “does” and “don’ts,” but Sufism is concerned with improving the aspect of sincerity of religion and fighting one’s own ego, as opposed to the former.

  1. There are also some extremely big groups or sects of Sufism that are difficult to categorize as either Sunni or Shiah, such as the Bektashi, or those that may be classified as both at the same time, such as the Brelvi, that are not readily categorised as either Sunni or Shiah.
  2. According to Shaikh al-Akbar Mahmood Shaltoo The Kharijites are another religious group that may trace its origins back to the early days of Islam.
  3. Oman is home to a significant population of Ibadi Muslims nowadays.
  4. Wahhabism is a religious movement that began in the 18th century in what is now Saudi Arabia and was founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab.
  5. This is one of the main differences between Wahhabis and Sunnis.
  6. The Zikris are a branch of the Nation of Islam.

Yazidism is a form of Sikhism. number one, number two, number three, number four, and number five -Refer to Wikipedia for further information. The GNU Free Documentation License is used to distribute all of the material on this website.

The Major Branches Of Islam

In Sudan, a Sufi Ritual is performed. Sufis are classified as belonging to a mystical Islamic dimension. The Islam religion has more than 2 billion adherents all across the world. The religion itself has been around for about 1,300 years. Practicing Muslims believe that Islam started around 610 CE, when the final prophet, Muhammad, began receiving revelations from God, according to the Quran and other sources. These revelations were written down in the Qur’an by followers of the faith. Islam, like all other global faiths, is divided into various major branches: Sunni, Shi’a, Ibadi, Ahmadiyya, and Sufism, to name a few examples.

Despite their differences, the main denominations all hold some fundamental ideas in common, such as monotheism, sacred scriptures, and so on.

The Major Denominations Of Islam

In Sudan, there is a Sufi ritual. Muslims who practice Sufism are classified as belonging to a mystical component of Islam. More than 2 billion people worldwide adhere to the Islamic religion. Approximately 1,300 years have passed since the beginning of the religion itself. Islam, according to practicing Muslims, started in the year 610 CE, when the final prophet, Muhammad, began receiving revelations from God. These revelations were documented in the Qur’an by Muslims who practiced the faith at that time.

After Muhammad’s death, when individuals began to debate over who should be the religion’s next leader, several branches began to emerge.


They believe that Muhammad did pick a successor, Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was also his son-in-law, and that he was chosen by Allah. Shi’a believers also have Imams, who are more central characters and community leaders than other religious leaders since they are the ideal incarnation of God on the earth. More than anything else, this branch is concerned with the individual’s relationship with God, as opposed to the cleric’s interpretation of the Qur’an. Humans will not see God on Judgement Day, according to the Shi’a, in contrast to the Sunni faith.

The vast majority, on the other hand, appears to be concentrated in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, and Azerbaijan.


Ibadi Islam is a branch of Islam that is less well-known. This sect predates both Sunni and Shi’a Islam and is believed to be a highly orthodox branch of the religion. They have the same belief as the Shi’a, which is that God will not appear on the Day of Judgment. In contrast to Sunni and Shi’a beliefs, the Ibadi believe that the Muslim community may rule itself without the need for a single leader to guide it.

Ibadi also varies in that they do not believe that the Muslim monarch must be a descendent of Muhammad’s tribe, the Quraysh, as does the majority of the Muslim population. The Ibadi ethnic group constitutes 75% of the population of Oman.


This denomination was created more recently than the preceding one. Those who follow the Ahmadiyya religion do not believe Muhammad to be the last prophet. Its origins may be traced back to the teachings of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835-1908), who served as their prophet. His adherents think he was divinely anointed to be the re-inventor of Islamic civilization. They have beliefs that are identical to those of Sunni Muslims, and they likewise consider the Qur’an as their sacred book. Indonesia, South Asia, and West and East Africa have the highest concentrations of Ahmadiyya Muslims, followed by India.


In accordance with Shi’a belief, the bulk of Sufis follow the Islamic path as given by Ali, Muhammad’s successor. Sufism is an Islamic concept that emphasizes on cleansing of the inner-self, despite the fact that it is not formally a sect of Islam. Sufis believe that humans can have a spiritual encounter with God through intuitive and emotional powers that they have developed through years of rigorous study. This experience does not have to take place in Paradise; rather, it can be had in the real world.

Strength Of Beliefs

Although not a complete list of the various branches of Islam, the denominations listed above are among the most well-known of them. Islam is a centuries-old religion that is also one of the largest in the world, with a complex set of beliefs and customs. Islamists believe that the objective of human life is to live and thank God in order to one day win admittance into Paradise, regardless of which sect they belong to.

Major Branches Of Islam – Similarities And Differences

Rank Major Branches Of Islam Estimated Global Adherents
1 Sunni 1.39 billion
2 Shi’a 200 million
3 Ahmadiyya 15 million
4 Ibadi 3 million
5 Sufism Widely Disputed


Despite the fact that Islam is divided into numerous sects, all Muslims adhere to the idea of Tawhid (belief in a single God, Allah), believe in the Quran, and adhere to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings upon him). ​


​Sunni Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam, and those who adhere to it are referred to as Sunnis. Because they think that they are following the Sunnah (also known as “custom” or “tradition”) of the prophet Muhammad, they are referred to as Sunnis (pbuh). Although the exact number of Sunni Muslims in the world is unclear, some experts believe that between 85 and 90 percent of the world’s Muslim population adheres to this branch of Islam. They trace their historical origins to the dominant group that accompanied the caliph Abu Bakr to the throne of Muhammad as his successor.

According to the four schools of thinking, Sunnis base their faith on the Quran and Sunnah as perceived by the majority of the community within the framework of the four schools of thought (madhhabs).

They are all subsets of one another. The differences between these four schools of law are mostly in the manner in which they are applied. They will continue to seek Islamic solutions for the questions given by growing civilizations, regardless of time or place in which they are practiced. ​


It is believed that the name ‘Shi’ism’ comes from the Arabic phrase’shi’at ‘Ali,’ which literally translates as ‘the party of Ali.’ Several Shi’ite scholars argue that Ali, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuhson-in-law )’s and cousin, should have been elected caliph following the Prophet’s (pbuh) death. The Shiat adhere to the notion of Imamate, who is described as “the divinely inspired, religious and political head of the society;” one who is without sin and who bestows real knowledge on humanity, which is another key distinction.

  • The great majority of Shi’ites are twelvers, or adherents of the branch known as ‘Ithna Ashari,’ who comprise the bulk of the population.
  • Shi’a thinking is divided into several schools of thought, the most important of which being the Ja’faryia, which was formed by Ja’far al-Sadiq, the 6th Shia Imam.
  • They all allude to the number of divine imams who were recognized after the Prophet Muhammad’s death, and they are all capitalized (pbuh).
  • The three primary holidays observed by Shi’a Muslims are Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Fitr, and Ashura (the Day of the Dead).
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Ismailis, also known as the ‘Seveners,’ are Shi’a Muslims who developed in 765 as a result of a debate over who should succeed Ja’far al-Sadiq as the sixth imam. Some Muslims think that Ismail, the eldest son of Imam Ja’far, was the legitimate ruler of the whole Muslim community. Ismailis believe that after the sixth Imam Ja’far went away, his eldest son, Ismail, received the authority to govern, and therefore became the seventh Imam of the Islamic faith. These beliefs are in contrast to those held by the twelvers, who believe that the imamate was passed on to Musa al-Kazaim, Ismail’s brother.

Mawlana Hazar, referred to as ‘His Highness the Aga Khan 49th hereditary Imam of the Shia’ Imami Ismaili Muslims,’ is believed to be a direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad and is the 49th hereditary Imam of the Shia’ Imami Ismaili Muslims (pbuh).

Ismaili leaders that are well-known include Ubaydulla, who claimed to be a direct descendant of Fatima and Ali.

“One of its most enduring landmarks was its religious center, the Al-Azhar mosque in Cairo,” which has continued to serve as an epicenter of Islamic instruction to the present day, according to the Associated Press.

The Bohras, the Nizaris, and the Druze are some of the other groups that make up the Ismaili community. ​


Unlike the other Shi’a groupings, the Zaydiyyah school of law has a distinct conception of the imamate than the other Shi’a parties. They recognize Zayd ibn Ali, the grandson of Hussain, as the ‘Fifth Imam,’ as their spiritual leader. Zaydis believe that the Imam does not have to be a direct descendant of Fatima, the Prophet’s daughter (pbuh), but rather can be anybody connected to Ali who possesses the highest level of moral purity. Islam: The Straight Path, by John L. Esposito, Oxford University Press, 1994, p.

Islamic Publications Limited launched the official website of the Ismaili Muslim Community in 2007.

48; John L.

Islam Denominations

There must, without a doubt, be some distinctions between you. 1 Corinthians 11:19 (New International Version) You will almost certainly not meet and converse with all of the Muslims you encounter. They will almost certainly not all have the same views and ideologies. Just as there are many denominations within Christianity, there are also distinct beliefs held by individuals within each faith. However, there are various major denominations that may be distinguished. Many Muslims are quite peaceful and nice in their attitudes.

I recently had a talk with a young Muslim who shared his beliefs.

(SeeMuslims and Jesus for further information.) You might be interested in Dr.

Because of his efforts to speak at mosques in order to spread his message of peace, many zealots turned against him, and he was often threatened with death.

Sunni Islam

In general, Sunni Islam is the most similar to the kind of Islam taught in the Qur’an, with a stress on individual access to Allah and the Prophet Muhammad. Sunni Islam is the predominant type of Islam in the world, accounting for around 85 percent of the population. Initially, the differences between Sunni and Shia adherents are based on the Prophet Muhammad’s succession. Abu Bakr Siddique, Muhammad’s close friend and father-in-law, is seen as the rightful choice for the position of the first Caliph of Islam by the Sunni community.

Shia Islam

Shia Muslims believe that, in a similar manner to the appointment of prophets, Allah chooses the Imams who succeed Muhammad. Aali ibn Abu Talib was selected by Allah, and Muhammad therefore nominated him to be the immediate successor and spiritual head of the Muslim community, according to Shia Muslims. They consider him to be the world’s first Shia Imam. Ali and the eleven Imams who followed him were all slaughtered, but the twelfth Imam has vanished and is supposed to resurface in the final days as the Mahdi, or the Deliverer.

Despite the passage of time, Sunnis continue to grieve Ali and, according to some, his heir.

Shia theology allows for the display of portraits of Ali and the encouragement of prayer to Ali (like Catholics and Orthodox Christians who pray to saints).

Shia Islam is governed by a hierarchy of Imams, with the city of Qum in Iran serving as a spiritual center that may be compared to the Vatican in terms of importance.

It is estimated that Muslims have bled more Muslim blood than the Crusaders and Gulf War armies combined in the course of history. (For example, under Saddam Hussein’s regime in Iraq) (Shia governed Iran executes more people per capita than even China)

Alawi Islam

Alawi Islam is a more mystical branch of Shia Islam that is practiced by a minority of people.

Sufi Islam

In Islam, Sufi Islam refers to a strain of belief and practice that may be found in both Sunni and Shia communities. It is more mystical in nature, and it is focused with developing a personal contact with the almighty. Sufi devotion, particularly while reciting and focusing on the name of Allah, might appear to be rather “charismatic.” Sufis are more tolerant and accepting of Christians than Muslims.

Wahabi Islam

Wahabi Islam is not a distinct religious sect, but rather a strain of teaching that emerged in Saudi Arabia during the 18th century. (from Sunni Islam) If it hadn’t been for the oil boom of the twentieth century, Wahabiism would have remained marginal and even regarded heretical by the majority of Muslims. Wahabiism adheres to a considerably stricter interpretation of the Qur’an and Hadith, and has even imposed additional regulations such as the covering of women and the prohibition of women from driving automobiles.

  • Wahabi teachings can be found in mosques of both Shia and Sunni Islam, according to certain scholars.
  • There is a significant association between this power base and the Saudi royal family.
  • Because of its roots in Saudi Arabia, where it holds control over large oil reserves as well as Islamic holy places, Wahabi Islam, although being a lesser and later branch of Islam, has disproportionate power.
  • The Wahabi Muslims are likely to be the source of the animosity and anti-Western action that you may meet.
  • If it emanates from Saudi Arabia, it is probable that hard line wahabi preaching will follow quickly after!
  • They distribute a large number of copies of the Qur’an, in a variety of languages, for a low cost or even for free.

Druze and Ba’hai are Islamic sects that were once considered part of mainstream Islam, but are today considered independent. Wikipedia has a page on Islamic denominations: wiki/Divisions of Islam (See “Beyond Iraq” by Mike Evans and “9/11 and the War on TerrorandBooks” for further information).

Two very interesting denominations in Israel

According to an article published in Israel Today magazine in May 2016.

Korani Islam

Zionists and supporters of Israel, the Korani are a branch of Islam that believes that loving Jews is a religious obligation. They are also known as the Koranists. They believe that the Jewish people are the Chosen People, and that the Holy Land is theirs as a result of their selection as a people. When it comes to Zionism and Islam, there is no difference. Accordant to the Koran, the only people who have a divine title to the Land of Israel are the Jewish people. Every Korani Muslim is a committed Zionist in every sense of the word.

  • Within Islam today, there are several streams to choose from.
  • Sunni Muslims today constitute the vast majority of Muslims worldwide.
  • The difference between the two is that, whereas the Sunnis place greater emphasis on Mohammed’s words and actions, the Korani place greater emphasis on the Koran alone.
  • While they believe that Israel’s boundaries will really increase, they do not feel the country should divide the territory.
  • The borders of this land are defined by the Koran.
  • For a total of 20 verses, the Koran declares that the Land of Israel belongs to the Jewish people.
  • In reality, it’s most likely in Saudi Arabia, to be precise.
  • In reality, it is a minor disagreement that the Palestinians have successfully turned into a religious war, which provides an interesting parallel to the Karaite Jews.

Ahmadiyya Islam

The Ahmadi community in Israel was established in 1929 as a result of a visit by an envoy from India to the country. The Odeh tribe had invited him to their town of Kababir, where he accepted. They now number around 2,000 individuals. Jesus was a prophet who was sent to the people of Israel by the Father. He fainted while hanging on the cross, yet he did not die. His crucifixion resulted in his exile to India, where he died at the age of 120. His grave may be located near the city of Roza Bal in the Indian state of Kashmir.

  1. This is why Muslims are looking forward to his reappearance at the end of the world.
  2. They oppose violence in any form, whether verbal or physical, yet they believe in the right to self-defense.
  3. It is not jihad to detonate a bomb at a restaurant.
  4. In expanding Islam, they think that it should be done in a nice manner, with love; rather not by force, but via persuasion.

They don’t want to do anything that may jeopardize Israel’s security, and they think that the Jews will one day return to their ancestral homeland as promised by the divine covenant. This is something that is written in the Koran.

Distribution of the denominations

In each country having a Muslim presence, a table of data explains which denomination has the majority in each of the countries represented. Many allegiances and inter-Muslim disputes might be better understood if more data were available. Here are a few interesting facts. Sunni Muslims constitute 85 percent of the world’s Muslim population. Sunni Muslims constitute 90 percent of the population of Israel and the disputed regions. Shia constitute the bulk of those present. Iran received 96 percent of the votes, Azerbaijan received 94 percent, Bahrein received 80 percent, Iraq and Lebanon received 75 percent, while Yemen received 60 percent.

Iran also collaborates with the Shia against the Sunnis in Iraq, with the Alawi leadership of Assad in Syria (which is 70 percent Sunni), and with Hizbollah terrorists in Lebanon.

Egypt, which is ruled by the Muslim Brotherhood, is more likely than any other country to supply Hamas with weapons.

Conflicts such as the one in Syria have a denominational component to them; the governing class under Bashir Assad is composed primarily of Alawites, who are a minority in Syria.

Nations- affecting Israel % Muslim Sect
Jordan 92% 90% Sunni
Egypt 90% 95% Sunni
Syria 90% 74% Sunni
Lebanon 60% 75% Shia
Iran 98% 89% Shia
Iraq 97% 65% Shia
Turkey 100% 75% Sunni
Saudi Arabia 100% 83% sunni
Libya 97% Sunni
UAE 76% Sunni
Bahrein 81% Shia
Qatar 77% Sunni
Pakistan 97% Sunni/ Shia
Bangladesh 89% Sunni
Sudan 70% Sunni
Algeria 99% Sunni
Afghanistan 99% Sunni
Morocco 99% Sunni
Uzbekistan 88% Sunni
Kazakhstan 57% Sunni
Yemen 99% Sunni/ Shia
Tunisia 98% Sunni
Somalia 100% Sunni
Azerbaijan 93% Shia
Tajikistan 97% Sunni
Kyrgystan 75% Sunni
Turkmenistan 89% Sunni
* Not Nations *
Gaza 99% 90% Sunni
West Bank 75% 90% Sunni

See also Israel’s tense relations with its neighbors. When it comes to Muslims who desire to destroy our culture and subjugate our Christian (or Jewish) religion, how can we maintain an open and loving relationship to our Muslim neighbours who hate terrorism carried out in the name of Islam and prefer to coexist in peace with us? Fortunately, Caroline Cox and John Marks have developed an outstanding research that addresses this issue in detail. What is the relationship between the West, Islam, and Islamism?” -“Can ideological Islam coexist peacefully with liberal democracy?” CIVITAS has produced a book with the ISBN number 978-1-903386-54-5.

It is safe to say that the vast majority of Muslims are peaceful, law-abiding people.

Modern Western civilizations attempt to maintain principles such as tolerance, pluralism, and individual liberty, despite a number of stumbling blocks.

It is necessary to distinguish between ‘Islamic’ communities and militant ‘Islamism.’ Islamism is incompatible with liberal democracy, but the authors hope and intend that by reading this book, non-Muslims may get a better knowledge of Islam as well as improved connections with moderate, peaceable Muslims in the process.”

Traditional and Progressive Muslims

According to Dr. Patrick Sookhdeo, International Director of the Barnabas Fund, in October 2009: Many unexpected and quite promising words have come out of the Muslim world in recent months, which has been a welcome development. Some well-known, mainstream Muslim leaders in a number of nations have expressed viewpoints that are at odds with traditional, orthodox Islam. They have called into question portions of Islamic law and are advocating for a liberal, modernist, and enlightened Islam that is consistent with Western values and ideals.

According to the article’s conclusion, it is past time for Western governments and Christian churches to adopt a strategy of rejecting conventional Muslim and Islamist demands, and instead to adopt a posture of active support for the new voices of reason and moderation within Islam.

You can read the entire story at

The spectrum of Islamism

According to Daniel Pipes (Islamists can be divided into three categories, broadly speaking: Islamists who respect the Salaf (the first three generations of Muslims) and want to restore it by dressing in Arabian garb, embracing ancient practices, and adopting a medieval mindset that leads to religious-based violence are classified as (1) Salafis. (2) Muslim Brothers and other like-minded individuals who aim to an Islamic interpretation of modernity; depending on the circumstances, they may or may not engage in violent behavior.

Their divergences are substantial.

Mahdism (and Sectarianism and Superstition) Rises in the Islamic World

Timothy R. Furnish’s shortened version of his biography The famous and non-partisan Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life has issued a new research on beliefs and attitudes in the Islamic world, titled “The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity,” which examines the beliefs and attitudes of Muslims around the world. This massive report, which surveyed over 28,000 Muslims in 24 countries, is not only statistically sound and extensive in geographic scope – it is also the first to examine a number of topics of profound importance to U.S.

The data from the Pew survey that reveals the vast depth of belief in the “imminent return” of the Mahdi, the Islamic messianic figure who, according to both Sunni and Shi’i traditions, would convert the entire globe to Islam, is undoubtedly the most intriguing (and alarming) of the findings.

This has been my academic expertise, and it is the subject of my PhD dissertation and first book, Holiest Wars, as well as other essays. I also run a website dedicated to Mahdism and its teachings. – See also Islamic Eschatology for further information.

When it gets nasty

Pinhas Inbari is a Palestinian-issue analyst at the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs who specializes on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Similarly, the Shiites, in conjunction with the Alawite-led Syrian administration, are demolishing sites in Syria that are considered sacred to the Sunnis. This is reminiscent of the conflict between Syria and Saudi Arabia (the Hijaz) during the Ummayad period (661-750), during which the Syrian army of the Ummayads attacked with catapults the Kaaba, the holiest structure in Islam, in the courtyard of the Great Mosque in Mecca, which was the site of the Islamic pilgrimage site.

  1. The Shiite crescent is threatening Mecca’s status as the holiest site on the Islamic calendar.
  2. Nouri al-Maliki, the prime minister of Iraq’s Shiite majority, stated on December 23, 2013, that the direction of prayer should be Karbala rather than Mecca.
  3. To read the entire story, please visit this link.
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Islam’s Sunni-Shia Divide, Explained

Despite the fact that the two largest factions within Islam, Sunni and Shia, agree on the majority of Islam’s essential principles and practices, a severe division exists between the two that dates back more than 14 centuries. In the beginning, there was a disagreement about who should follow the Prophet Muhammad as head of the Islamic faith that was introduced by the Prophet Muhammad. According to a recent estimate by the Council on Foreign Relations, around 85 percent of the approximately 1.6 billion Muslims across the world are Sunni, with only 15 percent belonging to the Shia faith.

Despite their differences, Sunni and Shia Muslims have coexisted in relative peace for the most of history, despite their disagreements.

However, beginning in the late twentieth century, the split became more entrenched, eventually erupting in bloodshed in many regions of the Middle East as extreme versions of Sunni and Shia Islam compete for both religious and political power.

The Aftermath of Muhammad’s Death

The origins of the Sunni-Shia division may be traced all the way back to the seventh century, just after the death of the prophet Muhammad in A.D. 632, when the two groups first met. While the majority of Muhammad’s supporters felt that his successor should be chosen by the other prominent members of the Islamic community, a tiny fraction believed that only someone from Muhammad’s family—specifically, his cousin and son-in-law, Ali—should be chosen to replace him. This group became known as Ali’s followers, or in Arabic, the Shiat Ali, or just Shia, as a result of their religious beliefs.

  1. Ali finally rose to become the fourth caliph (or Imam, as Shiites refer to their religious leaders), but only after the two caliphs who came before him were both slain.
  2. Not only was the control of Muhammad’s religious and political heritage at danger, but also a substantial sum of money in the form of taxes and tributes collected from the different tribes that had gathered under the banner of Islam, which was at stake as well.
  3. Within a century after Muhammad’s death, his followers had established an empire that spanned from Central Asia all the way down to southern Europe.
  4. Fine Art Photographs/Heritage Photographs/Getty Images

Battle of Karbala and Its Lasting Significance

A group of 72 followers and family members marched from Mecca to Karbala (present-day Iraq) in 681 to face the corrupt caliph Yazid of the Ummayad dynasty, who was ruling the country at the time. Upon their arrival, a vast Sunni army awaited them, and at the conclusion of a ten-day standoff that included several minor battles, Hussein had been murdered and beheaded, and his head had been sent to Damascus as a tribute to the Sunni caliph. Hussein’s death, as well as the deaths of all surviving members of Muhammad’s family, at Karbala was “clearly intended by the Ummayads to put an end to all claims to leadership of the ummah based on direct descent from Muhammad,” writes Hazleton of the Ummayads’ intention to put an end to all claims to leadership based on direct descent from Muhammad.

“But, of course, that’s not what occurred,” says the author. He was killed in Karbala, and his martyrdom at Karbala became the primary tale of Shia tradition, and it is honored every year on the Shia calendar on Ashoura, which is the most serious day.

The Sunni-Shia Divide Into the 21st Century

Apart from Karbala, the NPR podcastThroughline highlighted three major turning points in Islamic history that will exacerbate Sunni-Shia divides by the end of the twentieth century. Following the establishment of Iran’s Safavid dynasty in the 16th century, which (by force) changed the country from a Sunni hub to a Shi’a bastion in the Middle East, followed the rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire in the 17th century. It was in the early twentieth century that the victorious Allies partitioned the region formerly controlled by the former Ottoman Empire during World War I, tearing apart centuries-old religious and ethnic groups in the process.

Sectarian tensions grew in the early twenty-first century as Islam became increasingly politicized and fundamentalists on both sides of the divide rose in popularity.

Sunni-Shia differences would fuel a long-running civil war in Syria, as well as warfare in Lebanon, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, and other places, as well as terrorist attacks on both sides.

Despite the fact that the Sunni-Shia division has persisted for millennia, the fact that the two sects have coexisted in relative harmony for many centuries implies that their conflicts may have less to do with religion and more to do with money and power.

The mystery of 73 sects

THE HADITH given to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), according to which his ummah will be divided into 73 factions, but only one would be saved, has been one of the most lasting issues of Muslim sectarian polemics for centuries. All Muslim sects are quick to proclaim that their sect is the’saved one’ (naji), and that the ‘others’ are doomed to eternal damnation. If we were to follow the usual line of logic, this hadith would split the Muslim ummah into two groups: those who have been rescued and those who have been condemned to hell.

  • In recent years, however, there has been a movement toward seeing this hadith in a more objective light, moving beyond sectarian interpretations.
  • Attempts have been made in recent years to decipher the context of this hadith and to evaluate its ramifications for today’s society.
  • The hadith can be found in a variety of different variants as well.
  • Frequently, it was assumed that 72 sects would be condemned and one group would be rescued in this manner.
  • According to Roy Mottahedeh (Diversity and Pluralism in Islam), Muqaddasi (a 10th-century geographer) claims that “72 sects are in paradise and one sect is in hell, according to what he believes to be a more reliable line of transmission (isnad)”.

Some, according to Mottahedeh, have questioned the authenticity of this tradition, claiming that if by 72 they mean the fundamentals of religious belief (usul), then they do not reach this number; however, if by 72 they mean the practices (furu), then the number exceeds this number by several multiples, according to Razi (d.

  1. The second interpretation of this hadith holds that the number 73 is not meant literally, but rather is a relative and metaphorical number that has been determined because of the context in which it appears.
  2. According to the author, “70 meant ‘a significant number,’ and 70-odd meant ‘a significant number and then more,’ which is rather obvious.
  3. Another liberal signal towards God’s recompense may be inferred in this case, as is the case in the previous instance.
  4. Two well-known figures, al-Baghdadi (d.
  5. 1153), provide contrasting descriptions of the sectarian numbers and their origins in their respective works.
  6. Great Muslim poet Hafiz (d.
  7. According to Mottahedeh, Mowlana Jalaluddin Rumi believes that the “deeper religion is the trans-religious wonder of God’s love,” in a similar vein to Mowlana Jalaluddin Rumi.
  8. 72) and takes the soul beyond the realm of existence.
  9. Contrary to popular belief, truth cannot be limited or constrained by disputes between societies.

This point is reinforced by Abdul Aziz Sachedina in his remarkable book The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism, which demystifies the mystery of different religions and sects, as well as how Islam views this diversity, in order to demonstrate the importance of religious diversity in democratic pluralism.

  • Today, there is a growing worldwide movement to learn from and appreciate the plurality of faiths in a variety of ways, which is a positive development.
  • We must see Muslim diversity with respect, humility, responsibility, and joy rather than through the lens of sectarianism, as we have done in the past.
  • Everyone is on the lookout for the truth.
  • if thy Lord had willed, everyone who are on the world would have believed together.” Would you (Muhammad PBUH) compel people to become believers till they are?

“He has brought uncleanness upon people who are without of comprehension” (10:99-100). The author is a history and culture professor at a private institution in Pakistan, where he specializes in Muslim societies.

Branches of Islam

  • 1. The Sunnis (also known as “traditionalists”)
  • Sunnis constitute 85 percent of the Muslim population. Islamic orthodoxy and tradition, as established by Muhammad and the four “rightly guided caliphs,” are revered by Sunnis, who consider themselves to be their guardians. The Qur’an and Hadith are the primary sources of religious and legal authority. As a result of the use of analogy (qiyas) and consensus (ijma’) to settle difficulties that were not expressly specified in the Qur’an and Hadith, legal experts played a significant part in the determination of consensus and the drawing of analogies. Individual and community life should be directed by Islamic law, according to adherents of the Sharia. There are four different schools of interpretation:
  1. It is favored by the Hanifite school of thought to utilize logical judgment in selecting what is best for the common welfare (and is most popular in Iraq, Pakistan, India, and Central Asia). To find the correct way, the Malikite looks first for consensus and then for analogy (this school of thought is particularly prevalent in North Africa, Egypt, and eastern Arabia). Shafi’ite- accepts the authority of the Hadith and downplays the importance of reason (most influential in Indonesia)
  2. Sufi-ite- accepts the authority of the Hadith and downplays the importance of reason
  3. Sufi-ite- accepts the authority of the Hadith and downplays the importance of reason Hanbalites are a reaction against the reliance on ‘opinion’ in other schools
  4. They maintain that the Qur’an is the supreme authority and that only the Hadith is accepted as also authoritative (the dominant school in Saudi Arabia)
  5. They are a reaction against the reliance on ‘opinion’ in other schools
  • 2.The Shi’ites (also known as “partisans”)
  • Shi’ites began as a political dispute over the leadership of Islam
  • They considered Ali (a cousin of Muhammad) to be the first legitimate successor to Muhammad – “Shia Ali” (the party of Ali)
  • They considered Ali to be the first legitimate successor to Muhammad
  • And they considered Ali to be the first legitimate successor to Muhammad. Shi’ites believe that revelation ceased with Muhammad and the Qur’an, but they also believe that there is a lineage of imams who have been bestowed with supernatural powers to interpret the Sharia. Theimams’ teachings are considered to be infallible
  • Shi’ites are referred to as “Seveners” because they believe that a succession of sevenimams followed the martyrdom of Husayn (Ali’s youngest son)
  • Shi’ites have traditionally believed in the existence of aMahdi -a messiah figure who will one day appear and restore the purity of the faith
  • Shi’ites have traditionally believed in the existence of aMahdi -a messiah figure who will one day appear and restore the Shi’ite Muslims recreate the martyrdom of Husayn throughout the month of Muharran
  • Shi’ites despise the conventional Sunni reading and interpretation of the Qur’an, which they consider to be corrupt. (It is speculated that the current edition of the Quran, which does not designate Ali as Muhammad’s successor, was tampered with by Muhammad’s opponents.) As a result, the Qur’an must have hidden meanings that can only be discovered via metaphorical interpretations)
  • Ayatollah (Arabic for “sign of Allah”): one who is considered to be so righteous and steeped in the true faith that he can make independent judgments that carry the authority of the imam
  • Shi’ites are the ruling majority in modern Iran
  • An influential minority in Syria, Lebanon, Yemen, Pakistan, and Iraq
  • A minority in Syria, Lebanon, Yemen, Pakistan, and Iraq
  • The Sufis (mystics) are the third group. As a sign of poverty and the rejection of earthly pleasures, the wordufime (which means “woolen”) alludes to the coarse wool clothing worn by early Muslim mystics as a symbol of poverty and rejection of worldly pleasures. According to Sufis, their origins can be traced back to the Prophet Muhammad and the Quran. In their view, older Islam was more concerned with actual spiritual things, as opposed to the more materialistic interests of Islam when it had evolved to become a world power in the later centuries. Al-Hallaj announced, “I am the truth,” and was condemned to death in 922 because he was deemed a heretic. al-Ghazali: a professor of theology who attempted to bring together the legalistic and mystical schools of Islam
  • He prescribed Sufism as a remedy for spiritual ills, but he also believed that mystics were still bound by the ritual obligations of the orthodox faith
  • He was born in Baghdad and died in Cairo. 4. The Nation of Islam (sometimes referred to as “Black Muslims”)
  • Wallace Fard, who announced a revelation for African Americans in 1930, claiming that their redemption would come via self-knowledge, which would allow them to regain a feeling of their own history, founded the organization in Detroit in 1930. After Fard’s unexplained disappearance in 1934, Elijah Muhammad took over as Fard’s successor
  • Elijah Muhammad preached that Fard was an embodiment of Allah and pushed his fellow blacks to withdraw from white society and to establish their own institutions
  • Elijah Muhammad died in 1936. Christianity is viewed negatively as a religion of Western culture, and followers adhere to a strict lifestyle that includes five daily prayers, no intoxicants or tobacco, a pure diet, and no illicit sex. Traditional teachings include distrust of Western materialistic culture, the belief that humanity was originally black, and that the white race was created by a black scientist named Yakub who had rebelled against Allah, Christianity is also viewed negatively as a religion of Western culture. Elijah’s son, Wallace D. Muhammad, and Malxolm X both made efforts to bring the Nation of Islam more in line with traditional Islam (e.g., “The World Community of al-Islam in the West”)
  • Malxolm X was the first to make such an endeavor.
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Major Religions of the World

Islam is comprised of a variety of religious groups that are fundamentally similar in their religious beliefs, but which differ significantly in their theological and legal doctrines and practices. As reported by most sources, Sunni Muslims constitute around 85 percent of the world’s Muslim population, with Shia Muslims constituting approximately 15 percent; nevertheless, there is a small minority of Muslims who belong to other Islamic sects. Consequently, the Sunni and the Shi’a (or, Shii) communities are divided about who should be the leader of the community, with Sufism (a sect that has received significant media attention) being considered to be a mystical inflection of Islam rather than a different school of thought.

The death of Muhammad marked a shift in the nature of leadership within the Islamic religion.

The rise of the Caliphate began with the terrible event of Muhammad’s death in 632, which signaled the loss of direct direction from the Prophet.

History Channel Video 1 On Islamic Denominations

Religions such as Islam are divided into a variety of denominations that are fundamentally similar in their beliefs, but which range significantly in their theological beliefs and legal practices. Sunni Muslims account for around 85 percent of the world’s Muslims, while Shi’a Muslims account for approximately 15 percent. There is also a small minority of Muslims that belong to other Islamic sects, according to most sources. Consequently, the Sunni and the Shi’a (or, Shii) communities are divided about who should be the leader of the community, with Sufism (a sect that has received significant media attention) being recognized to be a mystical inflection of Islam, rather than a separate school.

The death of Muhammad marked a shift in the nature of leadership within the Islam faith.

Beginning with the terrible event of Muhammad’s death in 632, which signaled the end of direct leadership from Muhammad, the Caliphate began to take shape.

Sunni Islamic Denomination

Sunni Islam is the most significant Islamic denomination. The majority of Muslims have come to be known as Sunni (or Sunni Muslims) because they are followers of the Prophet Muhammad’s Sunnah (or Sunni example). (See the section on Islamic culture for more information.) Instead of passing leadership down through hereditary succession, they embraced the concept that it should be passed down to the best competent individual. Caliph Abu Bakr was chosen by the Sunnis from among Muhammad’s closest companions and valued advisors.

A new age of Islamic leadership, known as the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, began with the establishment of this ruling family.

Traditionally, this time is considered as the normative period of Sunni Islam, and it serves as the ideal past from which Muslims might draw inspiration and direction in the present day.

The Sunni majority recalls a golden period of faith in empire, which was defined by Islam’s rise and expansion internationally as a faith world force in civilization, and which was ended by the fall of the Ottoman Empire.

After Muhammad’s death, Islam as a religion and as an Islamic kingdom had spread from North Africa to South Asia within a century after Muhammad’s death. In this way, ALLAH’s favor is viewed as evidence of prosperity, power, and money, as well as historical support of Islam. Top^

Shi’a Islamic Denomination

The Shi’a (also known as Shii or Shiis), who refer to themselves as “the party of Ali,” and who comprise the second-largest branch of Islam, believe that succession should be hereditary, and that it should remain within the Prophet’s lineage. According to these people, Muhammad’s closest surviving male relative (cousin and son-in-law – married to Muhammad’s daughter, Fatima) was the rightful successor to Muhammad, and they referred to him as the first Imam (leader), denying legitimacy to the previous Muslim caliphs.

  1. Consequently, they believe that the political and religious leadership of Imams, descended from Ali’s hereditary succession, is in a condition of ismah, which means infallibility – that they are the last and authoritative interpreter of ALLAH’s will as articulated in Islamic law.
  2. In total, Ali was passed over three times for the role of Caliph.
  3. Ali’s adherents remained dissatisfied with the situation.
  4. Hussein was Ali’s son and Muhammad’s grandson.
  5. The Battle of Karbala is the name given to this event.
  6. Shi’a Muslims regard Karbala to be one of their holiest cities, ranking it with Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, and Najaf on their list of holiest places (a city in the same area, the burial site of Ali).
  7. Surprisingly, it is thought that only Mecca and Medina get more Muslim pilgrims than the other sites.

Shi’a Muslims observe it as a day of grief in remembrance of Ali’s martyrdom at the Battle of Karbala, which occurred on that day.

In certain nations and areas, such as Iran, the commemoration of Ali has been elevated to the status of a national holiday, with all Shi’a ethnic and religious groupings taking part in some way.

Other differences exist between these communities, such as acceptance of portions of the Hadith (as discussed in the section Islamic traditions) attributed to rejected leaders or transmitters.

Specifically, the numbers five, seven, and twelve represent the number of approved interpreters of the law, also known as Imams, that each sect recognizes.

To provide an example, they constitute the vast majority of the population of Iran, where Islam is the official religion.

At the end of time, the Hidden Imam is expected to return in the form of Mahdi, a messianic figure who will return to restore the community to its rightful place and usher in a perfect Islamic society in which truth and justice will reign supreme.

The fight of an oppressed and disinherited minority population to reestablish ALLAH’s authority on Earth over the whole Muslim community, under the leadership of the imam, is played out in history for Shi’a Muslims.

Throughout the years, this has remained a desire and anticipation for every Shi’a Muslims who have been disappointed. Top^


In Islam, the Shi’a (also spelled Shii, Shiis) are known as “the party of Ali,” and they are the second-largest branch of the religion. They believe that succession should be hereditary, and that it should remain within the Prophet Muhammad’s familial line. According to these people, Muhammad’s closest surviving male relative (cousin and son-in-law – married to Muhammad’s daughter, Fatima) was the lawful successor to Muhammad, and they referred to him as the first Imam (leader), so denying the legitimacy of Muhammad’s predecessors.

  1. The political and religious leadership of Imams, descended from Ali through his hereditary succession, are thus considered to be in a state of ismah, which means infallibility – the final and authoritative interpreter of ALLAH’s will as codified in Islamic law.
  2. In total, Ali was passed over for the role of Caliph three different times.
  3. Ali’s adherents remained dissatisfied with his leadership.
  4. On the battlefield of Karbala, roughly 60 miles southwest of modern-day Baghdad, Iraq, Hussein and his small band of supporters (about 100 people) were murdered by overwhelming troops of the Umayyad army, which may have numbered as many as 100,000.
  5. The remembrance of this catastrophe, known as the “martyrdom of Hussein,” established a paradigm, or a model, of pain and outrage that has directed and motivated Shiis for thousands of years.
  6. It is ranked among Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, and Najaf (a city in the same area, the burial site of Ali).
  7. Only Mecca and Medina, it is thought, get a greater number of Muslim pilgrims.
  8. As part of their commemoration of Ali’s sacrifice during the Battle of Karbala on that day, Shia Muslims observe a day of sadness.
  9. Commemoration of Ali has become a national holiday in several nations and areas, such as Iran, and all Shi’a ethnic and religious groupings are encouraged to take part in various ways.

Other differences exist between these communities, such as acceptance of portions of the Hadith (as discussed in the section Islamic traditions) attributed to rejected leaders or transmitters; however, the primary disagreement arose over succession, specifically how many imams, or leaders, each community recognized: Among the three major divisions are the Fivers (also known as Zaydis), the Seveners (also known as Ithna Asharis), and the Twelvers (also known as Ithna Asharis).

  1. The Twelvers (also known as Ithna Asharis) is the largest of these divisions.
  2. In the Shi’a community, the Twelvers are by far the most well-liked group of people.
  3. In order to establish the theory of the Hidden Imam, these adherents advanced the belief that the last imam went into concealment, or occultation.
  4. For Shi’a Muslims, history serves as a stage for the battle of an oppressed and disinherited minority population to reestablish ALLAH’s sovereignty on Earth over the whole Muslim community, under the leadership of their imam.

Over the course of ages, all Shi’a Muslims have been disappointed in their hopes and expectations. Top^

Wahhabis (also known as Salafis)

Wahabi Islam first appeared in Saudi Arabia in the 18th century. Saudi Arabia recognizes Wahabbism as its official religion, which is known as Wahabbism. They identify as Sunni Muslims and claim to adhere to the Hanbali legal system, which they describe as “ancient” (Hanbali is one of the Sunni religious schools). Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab established the organization (1703 – 1793). It became known as Wahabbism, and it was founded by an Islamic scholar who was born in Najd, which is now part of Saudi Arabia, in the early 1900s.

In Basra, Ibn Abd al-Wahhab spent time studying with Muslim academics, and he wrote his book (in southern Iraq).

As a result of his return to Uyayna, Ibn Abd al-Wahhab began to gather a following in the town, which included the ruler of the city.

Here are a few illustrations:

  1. First, he persuaded the local leader to demolish the grave of Zayd ibn al-Khattab, a companion of the Muslim prophet Muhammad whose grave was revered by the locals, citing Islamic teachings that forbid grave worship
  2. Second, he persuaded the local leader to demolish the grave of Zayd ibn al-Khattab, a companion of the Muslim prophet Muhammad whose grave was revered by the locals
  3. And third Second, he ordered that an adulteress be stoned to death, a practice that had become uncommon in the area despite having Islamic textual support
  4. And third, he commanded that an adulteress be stoned to death.

People were flocking to him because it was felt that they were moving away from the authentic teachings of Islam, the teachings of Muhammad, and that he was becoming increasingly popular. However, as time progressed, the local leader became increasingly dissatisfied with these sorts of behaviors, and he was compelled to leave Uyayna. His deportation from Uyayna led to an invitation to live in Dir’iyya, a nearby town, by the king Muhammad ibn Saud in the same year he had been expelled from Uyayna.

Ibn Saud’s wife is also said to have converted to his cause, according to legend.

After launching a series of military battles in Arabia and its outlying territories in the late 18th century, Ibn Saud and his descendants would spend the next 140 years attempting to regain control of the continent and its surrounding regions.

Without the oil wealth of the twentieth century, Wahabbism would have remained a minor movement, and would have been regarded heretical by the majority of people.

The following are excerpts from an article published on the independent student newspaper website ( at Drexel University on March 7, 2009, which best exemplifies this hard-line attitude to discipline: Sheikh Usama ibn Akhmed is a professor of Wahabbism at Drexel University and the president of Wahabbism Now for America.

This story was published on the 4th of February, 2004.

America is a morally reprehensible country!

If you are still reading this, it implies that there is still some hope for your soul in the world today.

Our organization acknowledges the enormous moral failings of this immoral civilization and seeks to correct them by establishing the purest form of Islam; this version of Islam, Wahabbism, is the law of the Holy Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and we intend to impose it on the United States and all of its residents.

  1. Prior to any other requirement, everyone will be expected to acknowledge that our route is the one and only real road to salvation.
  2. One of the reasons for America’s sin-filled society is the enormous amount of freedom that women have at their disposal.
  3. When we come to power, we will proclaim that no women will be permitted to attend school or work in any capacity.
  4. Polygamy will also be legalized under our regime.
  5. There is no question that a woman who has one-half of a husband, or one-third or one-fourth of a husband, is in a better financial position than a woman who has no spouse.

Salafism refers to “predecessors” or “early generations,” and Muhammad used the name Salaf to refer to himself, saying, “I am the best Salaf for you.” Salafism is derived from the Arabic word salaf, which means “predecessors” or “early generations.” Salafis consider the first three generations of Muslims, who are known as Muhammad’s companions, as well as the two subsequent generations after them, to be models of how Islam should be practiced in the modern period.

The origins of many movements are explained as “two distinct movements.” Although the migration of Muslim Brotherhood members from Egypt to Saudi Arabia and the acceptance of Salafi pan-Islamism by Saudi King Faisal resulted in cross-pollination between ibn Abd al-teachings Wahhab’s (Wahabbism) on the Oneness of God, idolatry, and other topics, and Salafi interpretations of the Hadith, this has not occurred in the United States yet (Salafism).

Due to its perceived purity, Salafism appeals to younger Muslims as a means of distinguishing themselves from the wrong beliefs of their parents and grandparents.

It instills a sense of moral superiority in the wearer. Due to its emphasis on Islam’s universality, Salafism has a strong attraction to many people. It is Salafism’s position that not just Western ideologies such as Socialism and Capitalism are rejected, but also ordinary Western notions such as:

  • Economics, constitutions, political parties, and revolution are all topics covered.

Muslims should refrain from participating in Western pursuits like as politics, “even if they are done with an Islamic tint.” In its place, Muslims should keep to their traditional activities, notably Dawah (which literally translates as “to call, to invite,” and refers to God’s request for us to conduct our lives according to his will.) In contrast to Islamic political programs, Salafis advocate for Islamic law (Shari’a) rather than Islamic political programs.

Because of this cooperation between Muhammad Abn al-Wahhab (which evolved into Wahabbism) and Muhammad ibn Saud (which evolved into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), Saudi Arabia has had and continues to have a profound and lasting effect on Islam.

Saudi Wahabiism is spreading throughout the Islamic world as a result of Saudi sponsorship of schools, colleges, universities, and mosques in which their doctrines are advanced.

Continuation of the Above History Channel Video About Islam (Videos 2 and 3)

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