How Many Followers Does Islam Have? (Best solution)

Islam is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion followers.


How many followers will Islam have in 2050?

As per the Pew Research study, Muslim populations will grow in absolute number in all regions of the world between 2010 and 2050. The Muslim population in the Asia-Pacific region is expected to reach nearly 1.5 billion by 2050, up from roughly 1 billion in 2010.

How many Muslims are in the World 2021?

Earth is home to more than 1.9 billion Muslims. Islam is also the world’s fastest-growing religion. The Islamic population is mainly split between 1.5 billion Sunni Muslims and 240-340 million Shia Muslims, with the remainder scattered among a few smaller denominations.

Who is the founder of Islam?

The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.

How long will Islam last?

In more than 15 ahadith found in the Sahih of Imam Bukhari, Sunnan of Imam Abu Dawwud, Jamii of Imam Tirmidhi and others, the prophet (saws) said Islam has a specific lifespan on earth, these Ahadith state Allah gave Islam 1500 years then relatively soon after this He would establish the Hour, we are now in the year

Who is beautiful religion in the world?

Islam -The Most Beautiful Religion.

How many countries convert to Islam?

Islam is the official religion in 26 countries in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, and the Middle East. Islam is growing faster than any other religion worldwide (see: Pew Research Center).

How many types of Muslims are there?

Though the two main sects within Islam, Sunni and Shia, agree on most of the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam, a bitter split between the two goes back some 14 centuries. The divide originated with a dispute over who should succeed the Prophet Muhammad as leader of the Islamic faith he introduced.

Who wrote the Quran?

The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.

How did Muhammad look like?

He had black eyes that were large with long lashes. His joints were rather large. He had little hairs that stood up, extending from his chest down to his navel, but the rest of his body was almost hairless. “He had thick palms and thick fingers and toes.

Who built Kaaba?

Muslims believe that Abraham—known as Ibrahim in the Islamic tradition—and his son, Ismail, constructed the Kaaba. Tradition holds that it was originally a simple unroofed rectangular structure.

World Muslim population more widespread than you might think

“>The latest executive order issued by President Donald Trump According to estimates from a 2015 Pew Research Center report on the current and projected sizes of religious groups, temporarily freezing immigration from seven predominantly Islamic countries would have a minimal impact on the world’s Muslims, accounting for only about 12 percent of the world’s Muslims. In reality, no one of the seven nations included in the new immigration ban — Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen – is among the top ten countries with the greatest Muslim populations.

1.6 billion Muslims lived in the globe in 2010, according to estimates, making Islam the world’s second-largest religious tradition behind Christianity in terms of population.

In reality, India and Pakistan have a combined Muslim population of 344 million people, which is higher than the whole Middle East-North Africa area (317 million).

Muslims constitute a majority of the population in 49 nations throughout the world, according to the United Nations.

India boasts the world’s second-largest Muslim population in terms of raw numbers (about 176 million people), despite the fact that Muslims account for just 14.4 percent of the country’s overall population.

Try our email course on Muslims and Islam

Every other day, four brief courses will be given to your mailbox to help you learn more about Muslims and Islam. Sign up right away! Counting Muslims and other religious groups around the world is accomplished through a variety of surveys, census reports, population registers, and other data sources. The goal is to count all groups and individuals who self-identify with a particular religion, which is accomplished through a variety of data sources. The information supplied here is current as of 2010.

  1. The proportion of Muslims living in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to rise from 15.5 percent in 2010 to 24.3 percent by 2050.
  2. Asia will continue to host the vast majority of Muslims, but with a reduced percentage of the total (52.8 percent ).
  3. North America is home to about 0.2 percent of the world’s Muslim population.
  4. This is an updated version of a post that was first published on June 7, 2013.

According to new projections, the Muslim population in the United States is continuing to expand. David Masci was a former senior writer/editor at the Pew Research Center who specialized on religion.

Muslim Population by Country 2021

Muslims are adherents of the religion Islam, who adhere to the teachings of the prophet Muhammad and strive to live according to those teachings. Muslims account for more than two billion people on the planet, making Islam the world’s second-largest religion, trailing only Christianity in terms of population. Many analysts predict that Muslims will outnumber Christians by the year 2050, and that this will happen sooner rather than later. Despite the fact that Muslims may be found all over the world, the bulk of them dwell in northern and central Africa, the Middle East, and southern Asia.

In general, any country in which Muslims constitute 50% or more of the population is regarded as a Muslim majority country.

This represents 86.7 percent of Indonesia’s entire population and approximately 13 percent of the world’s total Muslim population, according to the United Nations.

Top 10 Countries with the Largest Number of Muslims (2021):

  1. Among those who live in Indonesia are 231,000,000 people
  2. Pakistan has 212,300,000
  3. India has 200,000,000
  4. Bangladesh has 153,700,000
  5. Nigeria has 95,000,000–103,000,000 people
  6. Egypt has 85,000,000–90,000,000 people
  7. Iran has 82,500,000 people
  8. Algeria has 41,240,913 people
  9. And Sudan has 39,585,777 people.

Surprisingly, while the nations listed above have the greatest number of Muslims overall, several smaller countries have a larger percentage of Muslims within their populations.

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Percentage of Muslims (2021):

  1. The Maldives received 100 percent
  2. Mauritania received 99.9 percent
  3. Somalia received 99.8 percent – a tie
  4. Tunisia received 99.8 percent – a tie
  5. Afghanistan received 99.7 percent – a tie
  6. Algeria received 99.7 percent – a tie
  7. Iran received 99.4 percent
  8. Yemen received 99.2 percent
  9. Morocco received 99 percent
  10. Niger received 98.3 percent.

*Note: The disputed area of Western Sahara would have ranked eighth if it were not for the fact that it has not been recognized as a country by the United Nations. However, because it has not been recognized as a country, it was disqualified. It may come as a surprise to many Westerners to learn that Islam is an Abrahamic religion, which means that Muslims worship the same God as Christians, Jews, and adherents of the Bahá’ Faith—though there are significant differences between them in terms of scripture, theology, doctrine, and application.

There are two major denominations in Islam: Sunni (which accounts for 75-90 percent of the population) and Shi’a (10-13 percent), as well as a number of smaller branches.

The schism between Sunni and Shi’a Islam is nearly as ancient as the religion itself, having originated in a debate over who should follow Muhammad as leader of the faith in AD 632.

The struggle between diverse Muslim sects, notably between Shi’a and Sunni Muslims, has periodically resulted in military combat and terrorist activities.

Check out the chart below for a full analysis of how many Muslims live in each of the world’s countries, as well as what proportion of that country’s population it equates to.

BBC – Religions – Islam: Islam at a glance

a quick introduction to Islam, a religion centered on God and presented to the world via the Prophet Muhammad

Islam at a glance

Islam literally translates as’submission to the will of God.’ Islam is the second most popular religion in the world, with more than 1 billion adherents, after Christianity. According to the 2001 census, there were 1,591,000 Muslims in the United Kingdom, accounting for around 2.7 percent of the population.

  • Approximately 1400 years ago, in Mecca, Arabia, Muslims believe the religion of Islam was revealed. Muslims are individuals who adhere to Islam. Those who adhere to Islam believe that there is only one God. Allah is the Arabic term for God
  • He is also known as Allahah. God, according to Muslim belief, sent a number of prophets into the world to educate humans how to live in accordance with His rules. The prophets of God, such as Jesus, Moses, and Abraham, are revered. It is their belief that Muhammad was the last Prophet. Muslims believe that Islam has existed since the beginning of time, but for practical purposes, they date their faith from the time of Muhammad’s journey. Islamic law is based on the teachings of their sacred book, the Qur’an, as well as the Sunnah. Muslims believe that the Sunnah is a practical manifestation of Prophet Muhammad’s teachings, and that Islam is founded on five fundamental principles: There are five pillars of Islam: thedeclaration of faith, five times a day prayer (at least), charitable giving, fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca (at least once).


Islam, after Christianity, is the second most popular religion in the world, with around 1.8 billion Muslims practicing their faith globally. Despite the fact that Islam’s origins trace back far older, experts generally agree that it was founded in the 7th century, making it the most recent of the major global faiths. Islamic teachings were first taught at Mecca, which is now part of modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. Today, the faith is expanding at an alarming rate around the world.

Islam Facts

  • The term “Islam” literally translates as “submission to God’s will.”
  • Muslims are those who adhere to Islam
  • Muslims are monotheistic and worship a single, all-knowing God, known in Arabic as Allah
  • Muslims are those who adhere to other religions. Islamic adherents strive to live lives of total surrender to Allah and His will. Despite their belief that nothing can happen without Allah’s approval, they acknowledge that humans possess free choice. Islamic teachings hold that Allah’s word was given to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel, and Muslims believe that other prophets were sent to teach Allah’s law throughout history. They hold several of the same prophets in high regard as Jews and Christians, including Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, among others. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet. Moschees are sites of religious prayer for Muslims. In addition to the Kaaba shrine in Mecca and the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, some notable Islamic holy sites are the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina and the Kaaba in Mecca. The Quran (also known as the Koran) is the most important religious document in Islam. Another significant literature is the Hadith (also known as the Sunnah). Muslims also hold some passages from the Judeo-Christian Bible in high regard
  • Followers of Islam worship Allah via prayer and recitation of the Quran. It is their belief that there will be a day of judgment and that there is life after death. “Jihad,” which literally translates as “battle,” is a major concept in Islam. Despite the fact that the phrase has been used negatively in popular society, Muslims feel it refers to internal and outward attempts to protect their religious beliefs. Although uncommon, military jihad may be used in the event of a “just war” being declared.
You might be interested:  Where Islam Began? (Solution found)


Muhammad, also known as Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, around 570 A.D., and is considered to be the founder of Islam. According to Muslims, he was the final prophet sent by God to proclaim their beliefs to the rest of the world. Islam’s sacred writings and traditions claim that an angel called Gabriel came to visit Muhammad during his meditation session in a cave in the year 610 AAD. Muhammad was instructed by the angel to repeat the words of Allah. Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah for the rest of his life, despite his physical limitations.

He preached that there was only one God, Allah, and that Muslims should devote their lives to worshipping this one and only God.


Muhammad and his supporters embarked on a journey from Mecca to Medina in 622. The Hijra (sometimes written Hegira or Hijrah) is a voyage that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is commemorated on the Islamic calendar. A little more than seven years later, Muhammad and his throngs of followers returned to Mecca and completely subjugated the surrounding area. He preached until his death in 632, at the age of 84.

Abu Bakr

Following Muhammad’s death, Islam began to spread at an alarming rate. Following Muhammad’s death, a succession of leaders known as caliphs ascended to the throne. A caliphate was a system of leadership in which a Muslim monarch was in charge and was administered by a Muslim king. The first caliph was Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and close friend, who reigned as the Prophet Muhammad’s successor. Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad, ascended to the throne in 634 when Abu Bakr died around two years after he was chosen.

Caliphate System

The job of caliph was taken up by Uthman, Muhammad’s son-in-law, when Umar was slain six years after being proclaimed caliph. Uthman was assassinated as well, and Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, was chosen to be the caliph in his place. During the tenure of the first four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered vast swaths of the Middle East, including Syria, Palestine, Iran, and Iraq, among other places. Islam also expanded throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia, as well as throughout the Middle East.

The caliphate system endured for decades and eventually gave rise to the Ottoman Empire, which ruled over significant areas of the Middle East from around 1517 until World War I brought the Ottoman Empire to an end on November 11, 1917.

Sunnis and Shiites

When Muhammad died, there was a heated controversy over who should take over as leader of the Muslim community. Due to this division among the Islamic community, two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sunnis constitute roughly 90 percent of all Muslims in the globe. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs were the legitimate successors to him. Muslims who follow the Shiite school of thought believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are legitimate heirs to Muhammad.

Shiite Muslims now have a significant presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria, among other places.

Other Types of Islam

Other, minor Muslim denominations exist within the Sunni and Shiite communities, in addition to the larger ones. Some of these are as follows:

  • Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, which was created in Saudi Arabia in the 18th century by members of the Tameem clan, is a branch of Islam. Followers adhere to Muhammad ibn Abd al-exceedingly Wahhab’s stringent interpretation of Islam, which he taught them. Alawite: This Shiite branch of Islam is widely practiced in Syria. Followers of the caliph Ali retain similar views about him, but they also mark various Christian and Zoroastrian feasts, as well. Nation of Islam (also known as the Muslim Brotherhood): This Sunni sect with a majority of African-American members was created in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. A disagreement over the method of selecting a new leader caused this group to split from the Shiites. They are well-known for their hardline fundamentalism, and they are now referred to as Ibadis.


The Holy Quran. Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed/EyeEm/Getty Images Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed For Muslims, the Quran (also known as the Koran or the Qur’an) is regarded to be the most significant sacred book in existence. In addition to certain essential material that can be found in the Hebrew Bible, it also contains revelations that were delivered to Muhammad. The text is regarded to be God’s sacred word, and it supersedes all prior works in this regard. The majority of Muslims believe that Muhammad’s scribes recorded his utterances, which were later compiled into the Quran.

It is divided into 114 chapters, which are referred to as surahs.

Why the Quran Was a Bestseller Among Christians in Eighteenth Century America.

Islamic Calendar

The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijra calendar, is a lunar calendar used in Islamic religious devotion that is based on the lunar month of Ramadan. The calendar began in the year 622 A.D., commemorating Muhammad’s trip from Mecca to Medina, and has been in use ever since. According to the Islamic calendar, religious festivals and festivities are held on the appropriate days, including the month-long period of fasting and prayer known as Ramadan, which takes place during the ninth month of the calendar.

Islam Symbols

Just as there is no internationally acceptable image or symbol of Islam, there is no single image or symbol of Islam that is universally approved by all Muslims worldwide. Despite the fact that the crescent moon and star picture is considered to have predated Islam and was first used as a sign of the Ottoman Empire, the crescent moon and star image has been embraced as a symbol of Islam in several mostly Muslim nations. In various other contexts, like as the International Red Cross and Red Crescenthumanitarian help movement, a red crescent signifies that Muslims are accepted and treated as such by their fellow citizens.

As a result, the color green is sometimes connected with Islam, as it was supposedly a favorite hue of Muhammad’s, and it is frequently depicted prominently on the flags of nations with a largely Muslim population.

Five Pillars of Islam

Muslims adhere to five fundamental pillars that are fundamental to their faith. These are some examples:

  • Declaring one’s trust in God and confidence in Muhammad is known as a Shahada. Salat: a five-times-a-day prayer (at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening) that includes the following: Zakat is a religious obligation to contribute to people in need. Sawm: to refrain from eating or drinking during Ramadan
  • It is obligatory for all Muslims to do the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetime (if they are physically able to do so).

Sharia Law

The legal system of Islam is referred to as Sharia Law. This faith-based code of behavior advises Muslims on how they should live their lives in practically every aspect of their lives, including marriage and family life. Men and women are required to dress modestly under Sharia law. It also includes recommendations for Muslim marriages as well as other moral concepts for Muslims. Those who break the rule are subjected to draconian penalties under Sharia law, which is well-known. In certain countries, for example, the punishment for stealing is amputating the offender’s hand.

Many Muslims, on the other hand, are opposed to such harsh measures.

Muslim Prayer

Building the first mosque in Medina is attributed to the prophet Muhammad, who did it in the courtyard of his residence in Medina. Some of the precepts he established in 622 A.D. continue to be followed by mosques today. A mosque’s big open area or outdoor courtyard is frequently used for Muslim prayer. When praying in a mosque, a mihrab is a decorative feature or niche that symbolizes the direction to Mecca and, consequently, the direction to face when praying. Separate prayers are offered for men and women, and Muslims are permitted to attend a mosque five times a day for each of the five prayer periods.

Muslim Holidays

The two most important Muslim festivals are as follows: The festival of Eid al-Adha commemorates the Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son in the service of Allah. Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, comes to a conclusion on Eid al-Fitr, the feast of the harvest. Muslims also observe other religious festivals, such as the Islamic New Year and the birth of Muhammad, among others.

Islam Today

Recently, Islam’s alleged relationship with terrorism and mass murder has provoked heated political controversy in a number of nations, particularly in the Middle East. Radical Islam” has become a well-known moniker to define the religion’s association with acts of violence, despite its use being contentious at the time. Surveys recently conducted have revealed that in nations with large Muslim populations, the vast majority of Muslims hold highly unfavorable attitudes about terrorist organizations such as ISIS.

Islam is currently the fastest-growing religion in the world.


Islam,BBC. Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. Religious Tolerance is increasing in number. Islam in a Nutshell, CNN. The Fundamentals of Islam, and PBS. What is Sharia Law, and how does it work in practice? BBC. ISIS is reviled in countries with large Muslim populations, and this is especially true in Europe.

Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan research organization. The Religion Library’s Islam Rituals and Worship: Symbolism section has further information. The Islamic Calendar is available at

PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith

Islam, followedby more than a billion people today, is the world’s fastest growing religionand will soon be the world’s largest. The 1.2 billion Muslims make upapproximately one quarter of the world’s population, and the Muslim populationof the United States now outnumbers that of Episcopalians. The most populousMuslim countries are Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The numberof Muslims in Indonesia alone (175 million) exceeds the combined totalin Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran, the traditional heartlandsof Islam. There are also substantial Muslim populations in Europe andNorth America, whether converts or immigrants who began arriving in largenumbers in the 1950s and 1960s. In keeping with tradition, the two mainbranches of Islam today are Sunniand Shiite.Beginning in the1970s and 1980s Islam remerged as a potent political force, associatedwith both reform and revolution. Given the large number of adherents,it is no surprise that Muslims incorporate a broad and diverse spectrumof positions in regard to liberalism and democracy. Some are secularistswho want to disengage religion from politics. Others are reformers, whoreinterpret Islamic traditions in support of elective forms of government.Still there are others who reject democracy entirely.

Islam Fast Facts

(CNN) Take a look at Islam for a moment. Islam is translated as “submission” or “surrender” in several languages. Surrender to Allah’s will – Allah is the Arabic word meaning God.


Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Abraham, Moses, Noah, David, and Jesus are some of the other prophets that lived throughout this time period.

  1. – The Salat, also known as the Salah, is a daily religious ceremonial prayer performed five times a day.
  2. In the month of Ramadan, a Sawm is a fast that is observed.
  3. The pilgrimage begins on the seventh or eighth day of the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar and concludes on the 12th day of the same month, depending on when you start.
  4. For Muslims, it is the holiest spot in the planet.
  5. Muslims believe that the Quran contains divine words or revelations that serve as the foundation of their faith.
  6. The Quran contains a total of 114 chapters.
  7. A Jihad, according to Islamic traditions, is a fight that is waged while adhering to God’s mandates on a personal level as well as on a communal one.

Muslim Denominations

Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam and is also the most populous. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs (leaders) are the genuine heirs to Muhammad’s position. Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab founded the Wahabi sect in Saudi Arabia, which is made of members of the Tameem tribe who adhere to the stringent orthodox teachings of Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab. The Shiite (or Shia) sect of Islam, the second-largest branch of Islam, believes that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the genuine heirs to Muhammad, and rejects the first three caliphs as unfit for office.

Furthermore, they observe a number of Christian and Zoroastrian holidays in addition to Islamic holidays.

They were well-known for their uncompromising opinions on the Quran’s adherence as well as for their extremist fundamentalist views.

The Nation of Islam is a predominantly African-American religious organization that was formed in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. It is a Sunni sect, as the name suggests. Other Sunni and Shiite sects exist in African and Arab countries, as well as in other parts of the world.

Sharia Law

In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.

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Other Facts

Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.


Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world. Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.

657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.

What Is the Most Widely Practiced Religion in the World?

Ghofuur Ferianto is a photographer who works for EyeEm/Getty Images. Most of the world’s principal religions may be divided into two categories: Abrahamic religions such as Christianity, Judaism (including Islam), and Islam; and Indian religions such as Hinduism (including Buddhism), Sikhism (including Hinduism), and others. Christianity is the largest of the world’s main faiths, with more than two billion adherents, making it the largest religion on the planet. Based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, Christianity has been around for around 2,000 years, according to historians.

  • The number of Christians increased over time as the religion expanded over the world, frequently via the efforts of missionaries and invaders.
  • Beginning in Mecca (a city in modern-day Saudi Arabia) in the 7th century CE, Islam expanded throughout the world under the leadership of the Prophet Muhammad (570–632 CE), whom Muslims believe to be God’s last messenger.
  • The vast majority of Muslims are members of one of the two major branches of Islam: Sunnis account for around 80 percent of Muslims, while Shi’ahs account for approximately 15 percent.
  • In terms of population, Hinduism is the third most popular religion in the world, with an estimated 1.1 billion adherents.
  • Hinduism is largely practiced in India (where around 80 percent of the population identifies as Hindu), Nepal, and Indonesia, with a little presence in other countries.
  • Over the last several years, certain components of Hinduism, such as the practice of yoga and the usage of chakras (energy centres located throughout the body) to detect and cure sickness, have gained popularity in the Western world.
  • The religion, which is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, was established in India almost 2,500 years ago.

Mahayana Buddhism is a kind of Buddhism that originated in India. One of the major tenets of Buddhism is the vow of nonviolence, as well as a dedication to ethical behavior in all parts of one’s life. According to the number of adherents, the following faiths are the second most generally practiced:

  • Shinttttttttttttttttttt (104 million followers). Shint is a religion that originated in Japan in the eighth century CE and advocates for the existence of multiple gods. It is not a formal religion in the conventional sense, but it serves as the foundation for many cultural activities in Japan
  • Sikhism is not a religion in the traditional sense (25 million followers). Sikhism, which was created in India in the 1500s CE and is based on the teachings of Guru Nanak and his nine successors, is a relatively recent religion when compared to many other faiths. Judaism, on the other hand, has been around for thousands of years (14 million followers). Founded in the Middle East about the 8th century BCE, Judaism has three basic branches: Orthodox Judaism, Conservative Judaism, and Reform Judaism. Orthodox Judaism is the oldest of these three divisions. Despite the fact that they share a same belief system, the branches differ in their interpretation of Scripture and some religious practices
  • Daoism, for example, is a different interpretation of Buddhism (12 million followers). Daoism (also known as Taoism) is a philosophy that originated in China more than 2,000 years ago and is centered on living in harmony with the spontaneous changes of the natural order. One of its first thinkers was a guy named Laozi, who is credited with writing the Daodejing, the basic book of the faith
  • Muism is a branch of Buddhism (10 million followers). This faith, which is one of the world’s oldest, is strongly tied with traditional Korean culture and history, and is also known as Korean Shamanism. It is one of the world’s oldest faiths. Muism’s adherents assert a deep believe in the spirit realm
  • Cao Dai is one such adherent (4.4 million followers). Founded in Vietnam in 1926 by Go Van Chieu, who claimed to have received a message from a deity figure known as the Supreme Being during a séance, Cao Dai is a religious movement. Several other faiths, including Christianity, Judaism, and Daoist philosophy, are included into the religion, which preaches love and peace while opposing intolerance and discrimination.

Why Islam Is The World’s Fastest-Growing Religion

Thousands of Turkish Muslims gathered for Eid al-Fitr prayers at Istanbul’s iconic Sultan Ahmed Mosque, often known as the Blue Mosque, in the early hours of Sunday, June 25, 2017. The completion of Ramadan, the Muslim holy month of fasting, is marked with the celebration of Eid al-Fitr. (Photo courtesy of Emrah Gurel/Associated Press) According to the Pew Research Center, the world population is predicted to expand by 32 percent by 2060, while the number of Muslims is expected to grow by 70 percent.

Conrad Hackett (@conradhackett), associate director of research and senior demographer at the Pew Research Center, joins Jeremy Hobson on HereNow to discuss the factors driving the increase in the number of people.

Interview Highlights

On the reasons for the significant increase of the worldwide Muslim population “Muslims are the world’s most recent significant religious group, having emerged only a generation ago. They are between the ages of 24 and 25. In addition, Muslims have more children than any other group of people on the planet. In the globe, Muslim women have around three children per woman, compared to non-Muslim women who have approximately 2.2 children per woman.” “Of course, people change their religious beliefs, and we’ve tracked religious switching, but for Muslims, the story, as best as we can tell, is one of natural increase: there are many more Muslims being born each year than there are Muslims dying.” Regarding persons who choose to change their religious affiliation “There are a couple dozen Muslim-majority nations that we have researched, and we have observed no change in religious identification in those countries.

  1. As an example, in Egypt, the vast majority of those who were up Christian have maintained their identification as adults, and the same is true for those who grew up Muslim.
  2. Apostasy may result in social stigmatization or legal penalties if you decide to leave your religious beliefs.
  3. However, the most significant shift in terms of religious flipping in the globe has occurred among persons who grew up Christian and have now identified with no faith.
  4. Religious affiliation is associated with fewer children than it is with non-religious affiliation.” “Muslims are the world’s most recent significant religious group, having emerged only a generation ago.
  5. In addition, Muslims have more offspring than any other group of people on the planet.” Conrad Hackett is a writer who lives in New York City.
  6. On the implications of Islam’s expansion for the rest of the world “One way of looking at it is that we have a fast secularizing West, with areas like the United States and Europe seeing an increase in the number of individuals who are no longer linked with any religion.
  7. According to our forecasts, by 2060, four out of every ten Christians on the planet will reside in sub-Saharan Africa, for example, and this is just one example.
  8. We predict that by the year 2050, there will be more Muslims in the United States than there will be Hindus or Buddhists.
  9. And that number is rising because Muslims in the United States — like Muslims across the world — are younger than other major religious groups and have more children.

Muslims are expected to outnumber Jews, Hindus, and Buddhists in the United States by 2050, according to projections. The original version of this story was published on July 17, 2017. This part aired on the 17th of July, 2017.

What does Islam say about climate change and climate action?

Even while many Muslim majority nations experience the burden of climate change, their cultural understanding of the issue and willingness to take climate-related action is frequently alarmingly low. One approach is for an Islamic environmentalist movement to emerge, based on Islamic heritage, rather than imported “white saviour” environmentalist movements centered on first-world political campaigns. This approach can solve both environmental and political issues. And the dip in emissions during COVID-19 provides a chance to accelerate this process.

  • The repercussions of climate change are particularly severe in my native country of Turkey, where temperatures are rising but rainfall is decreasing year on year, resulting in severe water shortages.
  • Large sections of the Middle East are likely to become uninhabitable as a result of the heatwaves that are expected to sweep through the region in the coming decades.
  • Although Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country, it is also the world’s fifth-largest producer of greenhouse gases, and the country is doing nothing to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Muslim countries’ refusal to take action on climate change has persisted despite a 2015 vow by Muslim countries that they will play a more active role in combating the problem.
  • The truth is that this is not always the case.
  • Environmental colonization will not solve our problems.
  • Islam instills in its adherents the importance of caring for the environment.

A strong idea, stewardship was employed in the Islamic Declaration on Climate Reform to spur change in environmental policy in Muslim nations, and it continues to be used today.

In Islamic tradition, it is claimed that “the creation of heavens and earth is bigger indeed than the creation of the human being.” The fact is that conserving God’s most beautiful creation, the earth, is the most Islamic thing you could possibly do.

In addition, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) displayed kindness, compassion, and general good ideals in the treatment of animals, which serve as a model for Muslims to follow.

He even allowed his camel to choose the location where he would build his first mosque in the city of Medina, which was built on the site of an old camel stable.

Indonesia issued a fatwa (or Islamic legal opinion) in 2014 requiring the country’s Muslims to conserve endangered species, which became effective the following year.

For example, one of the organization’s most successful campaigns utilized Islamic experts to convince Tanzanian fisherman that using dynamite, dragnets, and spear fishing is prohibited by the Quran – and the fishermen were persuaded.

The fishermen had previously defied government restrictions, but they were persuaded once it was revealed that they were engaging in un-Islamic behavior when they were informed of this.

In recognition of this, some Muslim thinking leaders have shown an interest in developing a “homegrown” environmental movement that will allow them to emerge as thought leaders in their own right.

Muslim nations have a significant advantage in the struggle against climate change.

The desecration of the West, according to Seyyed Hossein Nasr, a leading proponent of the religion and environmentalism movement, has resulted in an ideology that people have dominion over the land, as opposed to the Islamic perspective that humans have guardianship over the earth.

Muslims must reclaim their role as earth guardians once more, both for the sake of their own ecosystems and for the sake of God. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial position of Al Jazeera English.

Islam: Basic Beliefs

Islam is a monotheistic religion that is based on the belief in a single God (Allah). According to this view, it has certain beliefs in common with those of Judaism and Christianity in that it traces its origins back to the patriarch Abraham, and ultimately to the first prophet Adam. Throughout history, prophets have taught the same universal message of faith in a single God and charity toward one another. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the lineage of prophets that began with Adam and ended with Moses.

  • He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a trader.
  • The people were worshipping a plethora of gods and had lost sight of the prophet Abraham’s warning that they should only serve one God.
  • It was during one of these occurrences, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, that he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril (Gabriel).
  • In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah, rather than gratifying themselves.
  • Muslims constitute 1.2 billion people worldwide, with 7 million living in the United States.
  • Indonesia and India have the greatest Muslim populations of any of the countries in the world.
  • Despite the fact that they hold similar fundamental principles, they disagree on who should be the legitimate head of Islam following Muhammad’s death.
  • “Allah” is just the Arabic word for God, and it means “God.” He is the same God who is adored by people of all religions and who is the same global God.
  • Furthermore, “Allah” does not have a plural form.
  • Religions based on belief in one God (Allah)
  • Belief in angels
  • Belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
  • Belief in all of God’s prophets sent to mankind, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Although Muslims believe in Isa or Jesus, they do not see Jesus as the Son of God in the same sense that Christians do. Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment and life after death, but Christians do not. The highest reward for doing good things is growing in one’s relationship with God
  • Faith in the decree of God. Therefore, God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission
  • But, he has granted human people the ability to choose whether they will be good or evil. At the conclusion of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and decisions.
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These are practical guidelines for putting Muslim principles into practice on a daily basis, including:

  • Declaring one’s confidence in Allah and Muhammad as His prophet or message (shahadah) is a way of bearing testimony or testifying that there is only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is His prophet or messenger. Salat (ritual prayer)—the five daily prayers are conducted at various times throughout the day, including sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. The prayers are offered in the Arabic language and with the direction of Mecca as their focus. Giving 2.5 percent of one’s wealth to the poor and needy is known as zakah (alms tax) in Islam. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, known as Ramadan, is marked by fasting during daylight hours by Muslims across the world. The goal is to remind individuals of the goodness of what they have and to demonstrate equality with those who are less fortunate than they are. In Islam, the month of Ramadan is a time for study and self-discipline. Performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) in Mecca to the Ka’bah is considered obligatory for Muslims at least once throughout their lives. Several scholars think that Ibrahim (Abraham) and one of his sons were responsible for the construction of the Ka’bah. Muhammad restored it as a place of devotion for Allah. As a result, Muslims consider it to be a particularly sacred location.

Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.

Every day, they read a portion of it. According to Islam, the Sunnah is a written record of Muhammad’s words and actions. The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran. It also contains guidance on matters like as belief, worship, and behavior.

Muslim Population By Country

The Badshahi Mosque in the Pakistani city of Lahore. Pakistan has one of the world’s biggest Muslim populations, making it one of the most populous countries in the world. Muslims are those who adhere to the Islamic faith. It is believed that Muslims include over 1.8 billion adherents across the world, making Islam the second most popular religion in the world after Christianity. Despite the fact that Muslims may be found in every part of the earth, certain nations have much bigger Muslim populations than other countries.

10. Sudan – 39,027,950

Sudan is home to the tenth-largest Muslim population in the planet. It is the most widely followed religion in Sudan, with more than 95 percent of the people identifying as adherents. Sunni Muslims constitute the vast majority of believers in Sudan. In spite of the fact that Sudan is considered to be a religiously tolerant country, tensions between the Muslim-majority Sudan and the Christian-dominated South Sudan have contributed to a number of conflicts, including the First and Second Sudanese Civil Wars, the War in Darfur, and the conflict currently raging in the country, among others.

9. Algeria – 40,559,749

Islamic faith, which is the official religion of Algeria and is also practiced by the vast majority of the country’s inhabitants, is described as follows: The most majority are Sunni Muslims who adhere to the Maliki school of law, with just a few Ibadi, Shia, and Ahmadi Muslims among them. Moroccan Christians, Jews, and atheists constitute a very small proportion of the country’s population. Algeria’s Islamic culture determines the ethics and conduct of its citizens, and it exerts a significant impact on the country’s cultural and social identity as a whole.

Despite the fact that Islam is the major religion in Algeria, persons of other faiths are accepted and permitted to follow their various beliefs.

8. Turkey – 80,683,525

Turkey is home to some of the most ancient landmarks in human history, as well as a long and illustrious cultural and political history of its own. The country is also one of the very few that has a secular constitution, despite the fact that Islam is the predominant religion among the majority of its citizens. Faith is maintained distinct from the state in Turkey, and people are free to follow their religion as they like without interference from the government. Sunnis constitute 72 percent of Turkey’s Muslim population, with Alevis accounting for 25 percent.

Despite the fact that the teachings of Islam are required to be taught in every school in Turkey, the formation of faith-based schools is prohibited in the country.

7. Iran – 81,529,435

After the Islamic Revolution of 1979, Iran was officially designated as an Islamic Republic. Iran’s population has overwhelmingly converted to Islam (about 99.4 percent), according to official figures. Iran is one of the very few countries in the world with a mostly Shia Muslim population (90 to 95 percent), as opposed to a predominantly Sunni Muslim population. Sunnis constitute around 5 to 10% of Iran’s Muslim population, with the vast majority belonging to the Kurdish, Turkomen, Baluch and Larestani ethnic groups.

Iran’s religious and social sectors are constantly influenced by the martyrdom of Imam Hassain, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad.

6. Egypt – 87,336,965

The Islamic religion is the predominant religion in Egypt, with Muslims constituting around 94.7 percent of the country’s population. Sunni Muslims constitute the majority of the Egyptian population, with Shia and Ahmadi sects of Islam constituting only a small minority of the country’s total population. Historically, the Fatimid and Ayyubid Dynasties were most responsible for Egypt’s establishment of a dominant position in the Islamic world. Modern Egypt has been significantly affected by its major religion, Islam, and symbols of Islam can be seen throughout the country’s incredibly rich art, architecture, and cultural heritage.

5. Nigeria – 95,316,131

Nigeria has the world’s fifth-biggest Muslim population and the largest Muslim population in Africa, according to the United Nations Population Division. The bulk of its Muslims are Sunnis from the Maliki school of thought, with a considerable minority of Shia Muslims and an even smaller number of Ahmadiya Muslims also contributing to the population. Despite the fact that Nigeria has a sizable Muslim population, the country maintains its secular democratic character. Several Islamic reform movements have swept across Nigeria since the late 1970s, the most recent of which saw the establishment of Jama’atu Ahl as-Sunnah li-Da’awati wal-Jihad (commonly known as “Boko Haram”) in the country’s northeast.

This movement has earned a great deal of worldwide attention in recent years as a result of its engagement in more aggressive operations.

Thousands of people have been murdered and driven from their homes in Nigeria during the last decade as a result of religious violence, and many more have been forced to flee. As opposed to the northern part of the nation, Islam is less prominent in the southern part of the country.

4. Bangladesh – 148,607,000

Islam was brought into the Bengal area in the 13th century by Arab and Persian missionaries and traders who traveled to the region from the Middle East. In the future, the Muslim sultanates of North India conquered the region, which resulted in the continued expansion of Islam in the region. Muslim missionaries, known as orpirs, were frequently responsible for the bulk of Bengali conversions to Islam. Sunnis constitute the majority of Bangladesh’s Muslim population, with Shias being a minority of the country’s Muslim population.

Personal legal concerns, such as marriage, divorce, and inheritance, are, on the other hand, governed by Islamic law and handled by orqazis, who are traditionally Muslim judges.

3. India – 189,000,000

India has the third-largest Muslim population in the world, behind Indonesia and Malaysia. Hinduism, on the other hand, is the most frequently practiced religion in the nation, with Muslims constituting just 13.4 percent of the country’s overall population, according to the 2011 census. It was largely Arabian traders and Persian missionaries who were responsible for the introduction of Islam to India. Despite the fact that India’s Muslims and Hindus fought alongside one another against the British during the country’s freedom war, the Muslims of India desired a separate state for themselves after the country gained independence.

A significant portion of the Muslim population in India remained in the country after independence, despite the vast number of Muslims who emigrated to the two newly founded Muslim nations.

India is a secular democracy, which means that its citizens are free to pursue their religious beliefs.

2. Pakistan – 204,194,370

Islamic Republic of Pakistandesignates Islam as the official state religion of this country, which is also known as the “global center of political Islam,” according to the United Nations. Muslims constitute 95 to 97 percent of Pakistan’s population, with Christians, Hindus, and other minorities constituting a very tiny proportion of the country’s total population. Sunnis constitute the majority of Pakistan’s Muslim population (80 to 85 percent ). Shias constitute only 10 to 20 percent of Pakistan’s Muslim population, according to official figures.

Religion permeates every element of life in Pakistan, with religious credentials frequently determining the hierarchies of leadership in villages and cities across the country. In Pakistan, any form of criticism of Islam is considered undesirable and is frequently met with harsh retaliation.

1. Indonesia – 227,226,404

Over 227 million people identify as Muslims in Indonesia, making it the country with the biggest Muslim population in the world. Despite the fact that Indonesia is an officially secular state, Islam is by far the most widely practiced religion in Indonesia. The Shafi’i School of Sunni jurisprudence is followed by 99 percent of the Muslims in Indonesia, according to official figures. Muslim minorities such as Shia Muslims and Ahmadi Muslims account for a small proportion of the Muslim population.

This was the first recorded instance of Islam being introduced to the people of this nation.

People who identify as “modernists” are people who cling to traditional religion while still being open-minded to modern and Western learning.

Countries With The Largest Muslim Populations

Rank Country Population Who Identifies as Muslim
1 Indonesia 227,226,404
2 Pakistan 204,194,370
3 India 189,000,000
4 Bangladesh 148,607,000
5 Nigeria 95,316,131
6 Egypt 87,336,965
7 Iran 81,529,435
8 Turkey 80,683,525
9 Algeria 40,559,749
10 Sudan 39,027,950
11 Iraq 38,800,190
12 Afghanistan 34,022,437
13 Morocco 33,646,788
14 Saudi Arabia 31,878,000
15 Ethiopia 28,680,000
16 Yemen 27,784,498
17 Uzbekistan 26,550,000
18 China 24,690,000
19 Niger 19,502,214
20 Tanzania 19,426,814
21 Malaysia 19,237,161
22 Syria 18,930,000
23 Mali 15,667,704
24 Senegal 14,584,931
25 Kazakhstan 13,026,802
26 Burkina Faso 11,270,000
27 Tunisia 11,190,000
28 Côte d’Ivoire 10,375,283
29 Jordan 9,961,123
30 Azerbaijan 9,872,765
31 Russia 9,400,000
32 Somalia 9,231,000
33 Guinea 8,693,000
34 Congo 8,330,115
35 Chad 7,827,653
36 Tajikistan 7,621,700
37 Libya 6,325,000
38 Mozambique 5,340,000
39 Uganda 5,030,000
40 Philippines 5,000,000
41 Cameroon 4,940,000
42 Kyrgyzstan 4,927,000
43 Ghana 4,914,000
44 Turkmenistan 4,830,000
45 France 4,697,431
46 United Arab Emirates 4,615,081
47 Palestinian Territories 4,298,000
48 Mauritania 4,171,633
49 Sierra Leone 4,171,000
50 Thailand 3,952,000

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