Islam is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion followers.
- 1 How many followers does Islam religion?
- 2 How many followers are in Islam today?
- 3 Who is the founder of Islam?
- 4 How many Muslims are in the World 2021?
- 5 Who wrote the Quran?
- 6 Where is Islam most popular?
- 7 How many types of Muslims are there?
- 8 Which religion is growing in India?
- 9 Who built Kaaba?
- 10 Where is the hearth of Islam?
- 11 What is the number 1 religion in the world?
- 12 World Muslim population more widespread than you might think
- 13 Muslim Population by Country 2021
- 14 Top 10 Countries with the Largest Number of Muslims (2021):
- 15 Top 10 Countries with the Highest Percentage of Muslims (2021):
- 16 Islam
- 17 Islam Facts
- 18 Muhammad
- 19 Hijra
- 20 Abu Bakr
- 21 Caliphate System
- 22 Sunnis and Shiites
- 23 Other Types of Islam
- 24 Quran
- 25 Islamic Calendar
- 26 Islam Symbols
- 27 Five Pillars of Islam
- 28 Sharia Law
- 29 Muslim Prayer
- 30 Muslim Holidays
- 31 Islam Today
- 32 Sources
- 33 BBC – Religions – Islam: Islam at a glance
- 34 What Is the Most Widely Practiced Religion in the World?
- 35 Islam Fast Facts
- 36 PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith
- 37 The Major Branches Of Islam
- 38 The Major Denominations Of Islam
- 39 Strength Of Beliefs
- 40 Major Branches Of Islam – Similarities And Differences
- 41 Islam: Basic Beliefs
- 42 The Five Pillars Of Islam
How many followers does Islam religion?
It is the world’s second-largest religion behind Christianity, with 1.9 billion followers or 24.9% of the world’s population, known as Muslims.
How many followers are in Islam today?
Adherents of Islam constitute the world’s second largest religious group. According to a study in 2020, Islam has 1.9 billion adherents, making up about 24.7% of the world population.
Who is the founder of Islam?
The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.
How many Muslims are in the World 2021?
Earth is home to more than 1.9 billion Muslims. Islam is also the world’s fastest-growing religion. The Islamic population is mainly split between 1.5 billion Sunni Muslims and 240-340 million Shia Muslims, with the remainder scattered among a few smaller denominations.
Who wrote the Quran?
The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.
Where is Islam most popular?
The most populous Muslim countries are Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The number of Muslims in Indonesia alone (175 million) exceeds the combined total in Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran, the traditional heartlands of Islam.
How many types of Muslims are there?
Though the two main sects within Islam, Sunni and Shia, agree on most of the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam, a bitter split between the two goes back some 14 centuries. The divide originated with a dispute over who should succeed the Prophet Muhammad as leader of the Islamic faith he introduced.
Which religion is growing in India?
Islam is the fastest-growing religion in India. Growth rate of Muslims has been consistently higher than the growth rate of Hindus, ever since the census data of independent India has been available.
Who built Kaaba?
Muslims believe that Abraham—known as Ibrahim in the Islamic tradition—and his son, Ismail, constructed the Kaaba. Tradition holds that it was originally a simple unroofed rectangular structure.
Where is the hearth of Islam?
The Levant of West Asia is one such place, being a culture hearth that spawned Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Rome later became another culture hearth for Christianity, while Mecca and Medina became culture hearths for Islam.
What is the number 1 religion in the world?
Of the world’s major religions, Christianity is the largest, with more than two billion followers. Christianity is based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and is approximately 2,000 years old.
World Muslim population more widespread than you might think
The five pillars of Islam — the proclamation of faith (shahada), prayer (salah), alms-giving (zakat), fasting (sawm), and pilgrimage (hajj) – serve as the foundation for Islamic activity. They are widely acknowledged by Muslims all across the world, regardless of ethnic, regional, or sectarian divisions. Although upholding the pillars is regarded mandatory for all true followers of the Prophet Muhammad, male and female, Sunni and Shi’a, this does not imply that all persons who identify as Muslims do so on a regular basis.
Age, stage of life, employment, family obligations, health, and financial well-being are all factors that influence outcomes.
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Every other day, four brief courses will be given to your mailbox to help you learn more about Muslims and Islam. Sign up right away! Counting Muslims and other religious groups around the world is accomplished through a variety of surveys, census reports, population registers, and other data sources. The goal is to count all groups and individuals who self-identify with a particular religion, which is accomplished through a variety of data sources. The information supplied here is current as of 2010.
- The proportion of Muslims living in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to rise from 15.5 percent in 2010 to 24.3 percent by 2050.
- Asia will continue to host the vast majority of Muslims, but with a reduced percentage of the total (52.8 percent ).
- North America is home to about 0.2 percent of the world’s Muslim population.
- This is an updated version of a post that was first published on June 7, 2013.
- According to new projections, the Muslim population in the United States is continuing to expand.
Muslim Population by Country 2021
Muslims are adherents of the religion Islam, who adhere to the teachings of the prophet Muhammad and strive to live according to those teachings. Muslims account for more than two billion people on the planet, making Islam the world’s second-largest religion, trailing only Christianity in terms of population. Many analysts predict that Muslims will outnumber Christians by the year 2050, and that this will happen sooner rather than later. Despite the fact that Muslims may be found all over the world, the bulk of them dwell in northern and central Africa, the Middle East, and southern Asia.
In general, any country in which Muslims constitute 50% or more of the population is regarded as a Muslim majority country.
This represents 86.7 percent of Indonesia’s entire population and approximately 13 percent of the world’s total Muslim population, according to the United Nations.
“Modernism,” which adheres to orthodox theology while also accepting contemporary learning, and “traditionalism,” which adheres to the interpretations of local religious authorities, are the two basic categories into which Islam in Indonesia may be divided.
Top 10 Countries with the Largest Number of Muslims (2021):
- Indonesia has a population of 231,000,000 people. Pakistan has a population of 212 300 000 people. India has a population of 200,000,000 people. Bangladesh has a population of 153 700 000 people. Nigeria (population range: 95,000,000–103,000,000)
- Egypt (85–90 million people)
- Tunisia Iran (82,500,000)
- Iraq (82,500,000)
- Turkey (74,432,725) is the most populous country in the world. Algeria has a population of 41,240,913 people. Sudan (population: 39,585,777)
Surprisingly, while the nations listed above have the greatest number of Muslims overall, several smaller countries have a larger percentage of Muslims within their populations.
Top 10 Countries with the Highest Percentage of Muslims (2021):
- The Maldives received 100 percent
- Mauritania received 99.9 percent
- Somalia received 99.8 percent – a tie
- Tunisia received 99.8 percent – a tie
- Afghanistan received 99.7 percent – a tie
- Algeria received 99.7 percent – a tie
- Iran received 99.4 percent
- Yemen received 99.2 percent
- Morocco received 99 percent
- Niger received 98.3 percent.
*Note: The disputed area of Western Sahara would have ranked eighth if it were not for the fact that it has not been recognized as a country by the United Nations. However, because it has not been recognized as a country, it was disqualified. It may come as a surprise to many Westerners to learn that Islam is an Abrahamic religion, which means that Muslims worship the same God as Christians, Jews, and adherents of the Bahá’ Faith—though there are significant differences between them in terms of scripture, theology, doctrine, and application.
- There are two major denominations in Islam: Sunni (which accounts for 75-90 percent of the population) and Shi’a (10-13 percent), as well as a number of smaller branches.
- The schism between Sunni and Shi’a Islam is nearly as ancient as the religion itself, having originated in a debate over who should follow Muhammad as leader of the faith in AD 632.
- The struggle between diverse Muslim sects, notably between Shi’a and Sunni Muslims, has periodically resulted in military combat and terrorist activities.
- Check out the chart below for a full analysis of how many Muslims live in each of the world’s countries, as well as what proportion of that country’s population it equates to.
Islam, after Christianity, is the second most popular religion in the world, with around 1.8 billion Muslims practicing their faith globally. Despite the fact that Islam’s origins trace back far older, experts generally agree that it was founded in the 7th century, making it the most recent of the major global faiths. Islamic teachings were first taught at Mecca, which is now part of modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. Today, the faith is expanding at an alarming rate around the world.
- The term “Islam” literally translates as “submission to God’s will.”
- Muslims are those who adhere to Islam
- Muslims are monotheistic and worship a single, all-knowing God, known in Arabic as Allah
- Muslims are those who adhere to other religions. Islamic adherents strive to live lives of total surrender to Allah and His will. Despite their belief that nothing can happen without Allah’s approval, they acknowledge that humans possess free choice. Islamic teachings hold that Allah’s word was given to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel, and Muslims believe that other prophets were sent to teach Allah’s law throughout history. They hold several of the same prophets in high regard as Jews and Christians, including Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, among others. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet. Moschees are sites of religious prayer for Muslims. In addition to the Kaaba shrine in Mecca and the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, some notable Islamic holy sites are the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina and the Kaaba in Mecca. The Quran (also known as the Koran) is the most important religious document in Islam. Another significant literature is the Hadith (also known as the Sunnah). Muslims also hold some passages from the Judeo-Christian Bible in high regard
- Followers of Islam worship Allah via prayer and recitation of the Quran. It is their belief that there will be a day of judgment and that there is life after death. “Jihad,” which literally translates as “battle,” is a major concept in Islam. Despite the fact that the phrase has been used negatively in popular society, Muslims feel it refers to internal and outward attempts to protect their religious beliefs. Although uncommon, military jihad may be used in the event of a “just war” being declared.
Muhammad, also known as Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, around 570 A.D., and is considered to be the founder of Islam. According to Muslims, he was the final prophet sent by God to proclaim their beliefs to the rest of the world. Islam’s sacred writings and traditions claim that an angel called Gabriel came to visit Muhammad during his meditation session in a cave in the year 610 AAD. Muhammad was instructed by the angel to repeat the words of Allah. Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah for the rest of his life, despite his physical limitations.
Muhammad began preaching the lessons he had heard in Mecca about the year 613, when he was around 30 years old. He preached that there was only one God, Allah, and that Muslims should devote their lives to worshipping this one and only God.
Muhammad and his supporters embarked on a journey from Mecca to Medina in 622. The Hijra (sometimes written Hegira or Hijrah) is a voyage that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is commemorated on the Islamic calendar. A little more than seven years later, Muhammad and his throngs of followers returned to Mecca and completely subjugated the surrounding area. He preached until his death in 632, at the age of 84.
Following Muhammad’s death, Islam began to spread at an alarming rate. Following Muhammad’s death, a succession of leaders known as caliphs ascended to the throne. A caliphate was a system of leadership in which a Muslim monarch was in charge and was administered by a Muslim king. The first caliph was Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and close friend, who reigned as the Prophet Muhammad’s successor. Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad, ascended to the throne in 634 when Abu Bakr died around two years after he was chosen.
The job of caliph was taken up by Uthman, Muhammad’s son-in-law, when Umar was slain six years after being proclaimed caliph. Uthman was assassinated as well, and Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, was chosen to be the caliph in his place. During the tenure of the first four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered vast swaths of the Middle East, including Syria, Palestine, Iran, and Iraq, among other places. Islam also expanded throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia, as well as throughout the Middle East.
Sunnis and Shiites
When Muhammad died, there was a heated controversy over who should take over as leader of the Muslim community. Due to this division among the Islamic community, two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sunnis constitute roughly 90 percent of all Muslims in the globe. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs were the legitimate successors to him. Muslims who follow the Shiite school of thought believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are legitimate heirs to Muhammad.
Shiite Muslims now have a significant presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria, among other places.
Other Types of Islam
Other, minor Muslim denominations exist within the Sunni and Shiite communities, in addition to the larger ones. Some of these are as follows:
- Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, which was created in Saudi Arabia in the 18th century by members of the Tameem clan, is a branch of Islam. Followers adhere to Muhammad ibn Abd al-exceedingly Wahhab’s stringent interpretation of Islam, which he taught them. Alawite: This Shiite branch of Islam is widely practiced in Syria. Followers of the caliph Ali retain similar views about him, but they also mark various Christian and Zoroastrian feasts, as well. Nation of Islam (also known as the Muslim Brotherhood): This Sunni sect with a majority of African-American members was created in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. A disagreement over the method of selecting a new leader caused this group to split from the Shiites. They are well-known for their hardline fundamentalism, and they are now referred to as Ibadis.
The Holy Quran. Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed/EyeEm/Getty Images Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed For Muslims, the Quran (also known as the Koran or the Qur’an) is regarded to be the most significant sacred book in existence. In addition to certain essential material that can be found in the Hebrew Bible, it also contains revelations that were delivered to Muhammad. The text is regarded to be God’s sacred word, and it supersedes all prior works in this regard. The majority of Muslims believe that Muhammad’s scribes recorded his utterances, which were later compiled into the Quran.
It is divided into 114 chapters, which are referred to as surahs.
In accordance with conventional wisdom, the Quran was composed immediately after Muhammad’s death, under the supervision of Caliph Abu Bakr. Why the Quran Was a Bestseller Among Christians in Eighteenth Century America.
The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijra calendar, is a lunar calendar used in Islamic religious devotion that is based on the lunar month of Ramadan. The calendar began in the year 622 A.D., commemorating Muhammad’s trip from Mecca to Medina, and has been in use ever since. According to the Islamic calendar, religious festivals and festivities are held on the appropriate days, including the month-long period of fasting and prayer known as Ramadan, which takes place during the ninth month of the calendar.
Just as there is no internationally acceptable image or symbol of Islam, there is no single image or symbol of Islam that is universally approved by all Muslims worldwide. Despite the fact that the crescent moon and star picture is considered to have predated Islam and was first used as a sign of the Ottoman Empire, the crescent moon and star image has been embraced as a symbol of Islam in several mostly Muslim nations. In various other contexts, like as the International Red Cross and Red Crescenthumanitarian help movement, a red crescent signifies that Muslims are accepted and treated as such by their fellow citizens.
Five Pillars of Islam
Muslims adhere to five fundamental pillars that are fundamental to their faith. These are some examples:
- Declaring one’s trust in God and confidence in Muhammad is known as a Shahada. Salat: a five-times-a-day prayer (at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening) that includes the following: Zakat is a religious obligation to contribute to people in need. Sawm: to refrain from eating or drinking during Ramadan
- It is obligatory for all Muslims to do the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetime (if they are physically able to do so).
The legal system of Islam is referred to as Sharia Law. This faith-based code of behavior advises Muslims on how they should live their lives in practically every aspect of their lives, including marriage and family life. Men and women are required to dress modestly under Sharia law. It also includes recommendations for Muslim marriages as well as other moral concepts for Muslims. Those who break the rule are subjected to draconian penalties under Sharia law, which is well-known. In certain countries, for example, the punishment for stealing is amputating the offender’s hand.
Many Muslims, on the other hand, are opposed to such harsh measures.
Building the first mosque in Medina is attributed to the prophet Muhammad, who did it in the courtyard of his residence in Medina. Some of the precepts he established in 622 A.D. continue to be followed by mosques today. A mosque’s big open area or outdoor courtyard is frequently used for Muslim prayer. When praying in a mosque, a mihrab is a decorative feature or niche that symbolizes the direction to Mecca and, consequently, the direction to face when praying. Separate prayers are offered for men and women, and Muslims are permitted to attend a mosque five times a day for each of the five prayer periods.
The two most important Muslim festivals are as follows: The festival of Eid al-Adha commemorates the Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son in the service of Allah.
Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, comes to a conclusion on Eid al-Fitr, the feast of the harvest. Muslims also observe other religious festivals, such as the Islamic New Year and the birth of Muhammad, among others.
Recently, Islam’s alleged relationship with terrorism and mass murder has provoked heated political controversy in a number of nations, particularly in the Middle East. Radical Islam” has become a well-known moniker to define the religion’s association with acts of violence, despite its use being contentious at the time. Surveys recently conducted have revealed that in nations with large Muslim populations, the vast majority of Muslims hold highly unfavorable attitudes about terrorist organizations such as ISIS.
Islam is currently the fastest-growing religion in the world.
Islam,BBC. Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. Religious Tolerance is increasing in number. Islam in a Nutshell, CNN. The Fundamentals of Islam, and PBS. What is Sharia Law, and how does it work in practice? BBC. ISIS is reviled in countries with large Muslim populations, and this is especially true in Europe. Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan research organization. The Religion Library’s Islam Rituals and Worship: Symbolism section has further information. The Islamic Calendar is available at TimeandDate.com.
BBC – Religions – Islam: Islam at a glance
a quick introduction to Islam, a religion centered on God and presented to the world via the Prophet Muhammad
Islam at a glance
Islam literally translates as’submission to the will of God.’ Islam is the second most popular religion in the world, with more than 1 billion adherents, after Christianity. According to the 2001 census, there were 1,591,000 Muslims in the United Kingdom, accounting for around 2.7 percent of the population.
- Approximately 1400 years ago, in Mecca, Arabia, Muslims believe the religion of Islam was revealed. Muslims are individuals who adhere to Islam. Those who adhere to Islam believe that there is only one God. Allah is the Arabic term for God
- He is also known as Allahah. God, according to Muslim belief, sent a number of prophets into the world to educate humans how to live in accordance with His rules. The prophets of God, such as Jesus, Moses, and Abraham, are revered. It is their belief that Muhammad was the last Prophet. Muslims believe that Islam has existed since the beginning of time, but for practical purposes, they date their faith from the time of Muhammad’s journey. Islamic law is based on the teachings of their sacred book, the Qur’an, as well as the Sunnah. Muslims believe that the Sunnah is a practical manifestation of Prophet Muhammad’s teachings, and that Islam is founded on five fundamental principles: There are five pillars of Islam: thedeclaration of faith, five times a day prayer (at least), charitable giving, fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca (at least once).
What Is the Most Widely Practiced Religion in the World?
Ghofuur Ferianto is a photographer who works for EyeEm/Getty Images. Most of the world’s principal religions may be divided into two categories: Abrahamic religions such as Christianity, Judaism (including Islam), and Islam; and Indian religions such as Hinduism (including Buddhism), Sikhism (including Hinduism), and others. Christianity is the largest of the world’s main faiths, with more than two billion adherents, making it the largest religion on the planet. Based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, Christianity has been around for around 2,000 years, according to historians.
- The number of Christians increased over time as the religion expanded over the world, frequently via the efforts of missionaries and invaders.
- Beginning in Mecca (a city in modern-day Saudi Arabia) in the 7th century CE, Islam expanded throughout the world under the leadership of the Prophet Muhammad (570–632 CE), whom Muslims believe to be God’s last messenger.
- The vast majority of Muslims are members of one of the two major branches of Islam: Sunnis account for around 80 percent of Muslims, while Shi’ahs account for approximately 15 percent.
- In terms of population, Hinduism is the third most popular religion in the world, with an estimated 1.1 billion adherents.
- Hinduism is largely practiced in India (where around 80 percent of the population identifies as Hindu), Nepal, and Indonesia, with a little presence in other countries.
- Over the last several years, certain components of Hinduism, such as the practice of yoga and the usage of chakras (energy centres located throughout the body) to detect and cure sickness, have gained popularity in the Western world.
- The religion, which is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, was established in India almost 2,500 years ago.
Mahayana Buddhism is a kind of Buddhism that originated in India. One of the major tenets of Buddhism is the vow of nonviolence, as well as a dedication to ethical behavior in all parts of one’s life. According to the number of adherents, the following faiths are the second most generally practiced:
- Shinttttttttttttttttttt (104 million followers). Shint is a religion that originated in Japan in the eighth century CE and advocates for the existence of multiple gods. It is not a formal religion in the conventional sense, but it serves as the foundation for many cultural activities in Japan
- Sikhism is not a religion in the traditional sense (25 million followers). Sikhism, which was created in India in the 1500s CE and is based on the teachings of Guru Nanak and his nine successors, is a relatively recent religion when compared to many other faiths. Judaism, on the other hand, has been around for thousands of years (14 million followers). Founded in the Middle East about the 8th century BCE, Judaism has three basic branches: Orthodox Judaism, Conservative Judaism, and Reform Judaism. Orthodox Judaism is the oldest of these three divisions. Despite the fact that they share a same belief system, the branches differ in their interpretation of Scripture and some religious practices
- Daoism, for example, is a different interpretation of Buddhism (12 million followers). Daoism (also known as Taoism) is a philosophy that originated in China more than 2,000 years ago and is centered on living in harmony with the spontaneous changes of the natural order. One of its first thinkers was a guy named Laozi, who is credited with writing the Daodejing, the basic book of the faith
- Muism is a branch of Buddhism (10 million followers). This faith, which is one of the world’s oldest, is strongly tied with traditional Korean culture and history, and is also known as Korean Shamanism. It is one of the world’s oldest faiths. Muism’s adherents assert a deep believe in the spirit realm
- Cao Dai is one such adherent (4.4 million followers). Founded in Vietnam in 1926 by Go Van Chieu, who claimed to have received a message from a deity figure known as the Supreme Being during a séance, Cao Dai is a religious movement. Several other faiths, including Christianity, Judaism, and Daoist philosophy, are included into the religion, which preaches love and peace while opposing intolerance and discrimination.
Islam Fast Facts
(CNN) Take a look at Islam for a moment. Islam is translated as “submission” or “surrender” in several languages. Surrender to Allah’s will – Allah is the Arabic word meaning God.
Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Abraham, Moses, Noah, David, and Jesus are some of the other prophets that lived throughout this time period.
- – The Salat, also known as the Salah, is a daily religious ceremonial prayer performed five times a day.
- In the month of Ramadan, a Sawm is a fast that is observed.
- The pilgrimage begins on the seventh or eighth day of the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar and concludes on the 12th day of the same month, depending on when you start.
- For Muslims, it is the holiest spot in the planet.
- Muslims believe that the Quran contains divine words or revelations that serve as the foundation of their faith.
- The Quran contains a total of 114 chapters.
- A Jihad, according to Islamic traditions, is a fight that is waged while adhering to God’s mandates on a personal level as well as on a communal one.
Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam and is also the most populous. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs (leaders) are the genuine heirs to Muhammad’s position. Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab founded the Wahabi sect in Saudi Arabia, which is made of members of the Tameem tribe who adhere to the stringent orthodox teachings of Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab. The Shiite (or Shia) sect of Islam, the second-largest branch of Islam, believes that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the genuine heirs to Muhammad, and rejects the first three caliphs as unfit for office.
Furthermore, they observe a number of Christian and Zoroastrian holidays in addition to Islamic holidays.
They were well-known for their uncompromising opinions on the Quran’s adherence as well as for their extremist fundamentalist views.
The Nation of Islam is a predominantly African-American religious organization that was formed in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. It is a Sunni sect, as the name suggests. Other Sunni and Shiite sects exist in African and Arab countries, as well as in other parts of the world.
In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.
Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.
Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world. Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.
657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.
PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith
|Islam, followedby more than a billion people today, is the world’s fastest growing religionand will soon be the world’s largest. The 1.2 billion Muslims make upapproximately one quarter of the world’s population, and the Muslim populationof the United States now outnumbers that of Episcopalians. The most populousMuslim countries are Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The numberof Muslims in Indonesia alone (175 million) exceeds the combined totalin Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran, the traditional heartlandsof Islam. There are also substantial Muslim populations in Europe andNorth America, whether converts or immigrants who began arriving in largenumbers in the 1950s and 1960s. In keeping with tradition, the two mainbranches of Islam today are Sunniand Shiite.Beginning in the1970s and 1980s Islam remerged as a potent political force, associatedwith both reform and revolution. Given the large number of adherents,it is no surprise that Muslims incorporate a broad and diverse spectrumof positions in regard to liberalism and democracy. Some are secularistswho want to disengage religion from politics. Others are reformers, whoreinterpret Islamic traditions in support of elective forms of government.Still there are others who reject democracy entirely.|
The Major Branches Of Islam
In Sudan, a Sufi Ritual is performed. Sufis are classified as belonging to a mystical Islamic dimension. The Islam religion has more than 2 billion adherents all across the world. The religion itself has been around for about 1,300 years. Practicing Muslims believe that Islam started around 610 CE, when the final prophet, Muhammad, began receiving revelations from God, according to the Quran and other sources. These revelations were written down in the Qur’an by followers of the faith. Islam, like all other global faiths, is divided into various major branches: Sunni, Shi’a, Ibadi, Ahmadiyya, and Sufism, to name a few examples.
Despite their differences, the main denominations all hold some fundamental ideas in common, such as monotheism, sacred scriptures, and so on.
The Major Denominations Of Islam
Approximately 89-90 percent of all Muslims belong to the Sunni branch of Islam, which is by far the largest of the religion’s denominations. In the Middle East, they are found in vast numbers throughout the region, with the highest populations in Saudi Arabia and Egypt. After several years and much argument, Sunni followers came to the conclusion that Muhammad had not designated a specific successor. Abu Bakr Siddique was chosen by his followers after a long period of time and much disagreement This guy was one of Muhammad’s in-laws as well as a close companion of the Prophet.
Islam’s Sunnis believe that the Qur’an applies to all aspects of life and that individuals can approach God personally, with the expectation that he would appear to them on the Day of Judgement.
They believe that Muhammad did pick a successor, Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was also his son-in-law, and that he was chosen by Allah. Shi’a believers also have Imams, who are more central characters and community leaders than other religious leaders since they are the ideal incarnation of God on the earth. More than anything else, this branch is concerned with the individual’s relationship with God, as opposed to the cleric’s interpretation of the Qur’an. Humans will not see God on Judgement Day, according to the Shi’a, in contrast to the Sunni faith.
The vast majority, on the other hand, appears to be concentrated in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, and Azerbaijan.
Ibadi Islam is a branch of Islam that is less well-known. This sect predates both Sunni and Shi’a Islam and is believed to be a highly orthodox branch of the religion. They have the same belief as the Shi’a, which is that God will not appear on the Day of Judgment. In contrast to Sunni and Shi’a beliefs, the Ibadi believe that the Muslim community may rule itself without the need for a single leader to guide it. Ibadi also varies in that they do not believe that the Muslim monarch must be a descendent of Muhammad’s tribe, the Quraysh, as does the majority of the Muslim population.
This denomination was created more recently than the preceding one. Those who follow the Ahmadiyya religion do not believe Muhammad to be the last prophet. Its origins may be traced back to the teachings of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835-1908), who served as their prophet. His adherents think he was divinely anointed to be the re-inventor of Islamic civilization. They have beliefs that are identical to those of Sunni Muslims, and they likewise consider the Qur’an as their sacred book. Indonesia, South Asia, and West and East Africa have the highest concentrations of Ahmadiyya Muslims, followed by India.
In accordance with Shi’a belief, the bulk of Sufis follow the Islamic path as given by Ali, Muhammad’s successor. Sufism is an Islamic concept that emphasizes on cleansing of the inner-self, despite the fact that it is not formally a sect of Islam. Sufis believe that humans can have a spiritual encounter with God through intuitive and emotional powers that they have developed through years of rigorous study. This experience does not have to take place in Paradise; rather, it can be had in the real world.
Strength Of Beliefs
Although not a complete list of the various branches of Islam, the denominations listed above are among the most well-known of them.
Islam is a centuries-old religion that is also one of the largest in the world, with a complex set of beliefs and customs. Islamists believe that the objective of human life is to live and thank God in order to one day win admittance into Paradise, regardless of which sect they belong to.
Major Branches Of Islam – Similarities And Differences
|Rank||Major Branches Of Islam||Estimated Global Adherents|
Islam: Basic Beliefs
Islam is a monotheistic religion that is based on the belief in a single God (Allah). According to this view, it has certain beliefs in common with those of Judaism and Christianity in that it traces its origins back to the patriarch Abraham, and ultimately to the first prophet Adam. Throughout history, prophets have taught the same universal message of faith in a single God and charity toward one another. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the lineage of prophets that began with Adam and ended with Moses.
- He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a trader.
- The people were worshipping a plethora of gods and had lost sight of the prophet Abraham’s warning that they should only serve one God.
- It was during one of these occurrences, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, that he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril (Gabriel).
- In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah, rather than gratifying themselves.
- Muslims constitute 1.2 billion people worldwide, with 7 million living in the United States.
- Indonesia and India have the greatest Muslim populations of any of the countries in the world.
- Despite the fact that they hold similar fundamental principles, they disagree on who should be the legitimate head of Islam following Muhammad’s death.
- “Allah” is just the Arabic word for God, and it means “God.” He is the same God who is adored by people of all religions and who is the same global God.
- Furthermore, “Allah” does not have a plural form.
- Religions based on belief in one God (Allah)
- Belief in angels
- Belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
- Belief in all of God’s prophets sent to mankind, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Although Muslims believe in Isa or Jesus, they do not see Jesus as the Son of God in the same sense that Christians do. Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment and life after death, but Christians do not. The highest reward for doing good things is growing in one’s relationship with God
- Faith in the decree of God. Therefore, God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission
- But, he has granted human people the ability to choose whether they will be good or evil. At the conclusion of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and decisions.
These are practical guidelines for putting Muslim principles into practice on a daily basis, including:
- Declaring one’s confidence in Allah and Muhammad as His prophet or message (shahadah) is a way of bearing testimony or testifying that there is only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is His prophet or messenger. Salat (ritual prayer)—the five daily prayers are conducted at various times throughout the day, including sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. The prayers are offered in the Arabic language and with the direction of Mecca as their focus. Giving 2.5 percent of one’s wealth to the poor and needy is known as zakah (alms tax) in Islam. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, known as Ramadan, is marked by fasting during daylight hours by Muslims across the world. The goal is to remind individuals of the goodness of what they have and to demonstrate equality with those who are less fortunate than they are. In Islam, the month of Ramadan is a time for study and self-discipline. Performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) in Mecca to the Ka’bah is considered obligatory for Muslims at least once throughout their lives. Several scholars think that Ibrahim (Abraham) and one of his sons were responsible for the construction of the Ka’bah. Muhammad restored it as a place of devotion for Allah. As a result, Muslims consider it to be a particularly sacred location.
Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.
Every day, they read a portion of it. According to Islam, the Sunnah is a written record of Muhammad’s words and actions. The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran. It also contains guidance on matters like as belief, worship, and behavior.
The Five Pillars Of Islam
The five pillars of faith of Islam are the basic requirements that every Muslim is required to accomplish over his or her lifetime. The names of them are as follows: The Shahadah, or statement of faith, is the first of Islam’s seven pillars. Christians and Muslims testify to the unity of God by reciting the credo, which states, “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God.” An Islamist’s entire embrace of and utter allegiance to Islam may be expressed in this simple yet powerful statement: “Allahu Akbar.” Salah, or prayer, is the second pillar of the Islamic faith.
Muslims all over the globe flock to Makkah, Islam’s holiest city, to say five daily prayers at the hours of dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and nighttime.
In addition, attendance at the Friday congregational service is mandatory.
Salat is acceptable at any time of day or night, including at work or in the open air; nonetheless, it is preferable that Muslims say their prayers in a mosque.
Social responsibility is regarded as an integral aspect of one’s devotion to God, and the mandatory act of zakat serves to codify this obligation.
In terms of an individual’s overall net worth, excluding liabilities and family costs, it is equivalent to 2.5 percent of their total net worth.
The fast, which is prescribed in the Holy Qur’an, is a very personal act of devotion in which Muslims seek a more complete understanding of God.
From the sighting of the new moon to the sunset of Ramadan, Muslims must abstain from eating, drinking, and other sensual pleasures from dawn to sunset.
Ramadan is also a month of celebration.
They also throng the streets in celebratory and communal moods.
The Hajj, or pilgrimage to Makkah, is the fifth pillar of Islam and the most visible display of the faith and solidarity of Muslims around the globe.
The Hajj is a spiritual gathering of approximately two million Muslims from all over the world who go to Mecca to perform the rituals of Islam.
A worldwide community of believers is bound together by similar values and concerns because of the five pillars of Islam, which define the fundamental identity of Muslims, including their religion, beliefs, and practices.