All Muslims believe that God is one alone: There is only one God. God has no children, no parents, and no partners.
- In Islam there is only one God and there are 99 names of that one God (al-asmāʼ al-ḥusná lit. meaning: “The best names”), each of which evokes a distinct attribute of God. All these names refer to Allah, the supreme and all-comprehensive god.
- 1 Who is the only God in Islam?
- 2 Are there multiple gods in Islam?
- 3 Who wrote the Quran?
- 4 Is Allah omnipotent?
- 5 Is Allah mentioned in the Bible?
- 6 Who created God in Islam?
- 7 Is Allah a man?
- 8 Which is older Quran or Bible?
- 9 How old is Quran?
- 10 Where is oldest Quran?
- 11 How did Allah look like?
- 12 Why does Allah have 99 names?
- 13 Is Allah physical?
- 14 Who is Allah? Understanding God in Islam
- 15 The names and character of Allah
- 16 Allah and the god of the Bible
- 17 Polytheistic origins
- 18 Gods as human constructions
- 19 Islam: Basic Beliefs
- 20 Islam
- 21 Islam Facts
- 22 Muhammad
- 23 Hijra
- 24 Abu Bakr
- 25 Caliphate System
- 26 Sunnis and Shiites
- 27 Other Types of Islam
- 28 Quran
- 29 Islamic Calendar
- 30 Islam Symbols
- 31 Five Pillars of Islam
- 32 Sharia Law
- 33 Muslim Prayer
- 34 Muslim Holidays
- 35 Islam Today
- 36 Sources
- 37 Allah
- 38 Islam Fast Facts
- 39 ‘No god but God’ (Published 2005)
- 40 Is Allah of Islam the same as Yahweh of Christianity?
Who is the only God in Islam?
Allah, Arabic Allāh (“God”), the one and only God in Islam. Etymologically, the name Allah is probably a contraction of the Arabic al-Ilāh, “the God.” The name’s origin can be traced to the earliest Semitic writings in which the word for god was il, el, or eloah, the latter two used in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament).
Are there multiple gods in Islam?
Therefore, in reality there is only one deity, and that is Allah. Furthermore, this explanation was emphasized in the Qur’anic verse (7:158). It was explicitly stated that there is no other deities besides Allah. Allah is the owner of the heavens and the earth.
Who wrote the Quran?
The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.
Is Allah omnipotent?
Allah is believed to be omnipotent as He is the creator of the universe. Although Muslims have been given free will, Allah’s omnipotence has allowed him to determine their future.
Is Allah mentioned in the Bible?
Allah and the god of the Bible Arabic-speaking Christians call God Allah, and Gideon bibles, quoting John 3:16 in different languages, assert that Allah sent his son into the world. Some Christians therefore deny that Allah is the god they acknowledge.
Who created God in Islam?
The Qur’an states that ” Allah created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, in six days” (7:54). While on the surface this might seem similar to the account related in the Bible, there are some important distinctions. The verses that mention “six days” use the Arabic word “youm” (day).
Is Allah a man?
2) Allah is neither male or female (who has no gender), but who is the essence of the “Omnipotent, Selfless, Absolute Soul (an-Nafs, النّفس) and Holy Spirit” (ar-Rūḥ, الرّوح) – notably among the 99 names of God, “the All-Holy, All-Pure and All-Sacred” (al-Quddus);
Which is older Quran or Bible?
The Bible is older than the Quran. The Quran was written by Muhammad in the 500 ADs. The Bible consists of books written centuries before. All of them were compiled into the Bible at a later time but the books themselves existed before the Quran.
How old is Quran?
The history of the Quran dates back to around 610 AD when words of the Quran were first revealed to the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. According to Islamic traditions, Muhammad continued to have revelations until he died around 632 AD.
Where is oldest Quran?
The Topkapi manuscript is an early manuscript of the Quran dated to the early 8th century. It is kept in the Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul, Turkey.
How did Allah look like?
You can never know what he looks like because there is no image of Him as such. He has described himself as light, very bright light but the exact shape and form is not mentioned.
Why does Allah have 99 names?
Allah has many different descriptions and it is hard to represent him in a few words, so the Qur’an teaches that Allah has 99 names. Each of the 99 names relates to a particular attribute of Allah, making him easier to understand and relate to.
Is Allah physical?
Allah (swt) is not described in any verses or Ahadith. The verses of the Quran and the Prophetic hadith do not mention the physical description of Allah (swt) as its contrary to Islamic belief to discuss His description. The Quran makes it clear ‘(Al Quran 42:11) There is nothing like Him’.
Who is Allah? Understanding God in Islam
As stated in the Islamic declaration of testimony (orshahada), “There is no deity other than Allah.” Moslems believe he created the world in six days and sent prophets like as Noah and Abraham to summon mankind to worship only him and reject idolatry and polytheism. Prophets such as Moses, David, and Jesus, as well as Muhammad, are also believed to have been sent by God. The wordislam, which literally translates as “submission,” was not originally used to refer to the religion created by Muhammad.
Earlier prophets and their followers were all Muslims (submitters to Allah), yet Muslims have a tendency to confound the general and specific meanings of the words Islam and Muslim by using them interchangeably.
Their messages and books, on the other hand, were either tainted or lost.
As a result, there will be no need for any additional prophets or revelations.
The names and character of Allah
Allah is referred to be the Lord of the Worlds in the Qur’an. Unlike the biblical Yahweh (who is often referred to as Jehovah), he does not have a personal name, and his customary 99 names are really epithets that are used to refer to him. The Creator, the King, the Almighty, and the All-Seer are examples of such beings. Two of Allah’s most essential names appear in a statement that is commonly used to begin texts: Bismillah, al-Rahman, and al-Rahim (In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful).
Even though Muslims profess to be against anthropomorphic depictions of Allah, the Qur’an describes him as speaking, sitting on a throne, and possessing a face, eyes, and hands.
If things go well, one can sayma sha’ allah (as Allah wills), but if things don’t go well, one can sayal-hamdu li-llah (thank you, Allah) (Thanks be to Allah).
Allah and the god of the Bible
Allah is often understood to signify “the god” (al-ilah) in Arabic, and it is more likely to be cognate with than to be derived from the Aramaic word al-ha. All Muslims and the vast majority of Christians admit that they believe in the same deity, despite the fact that their interpretations of that god differ. Christians who speak Arabic refer to God as Allah, and Gideon bibles, which contain passages from John 3:16 in several languages, declare that Allah sent his son into the world. “Our god and your god are one,” the Qur’an asserts, addressing both Christians and Jews in the same sentence (29:46).
Therefore, some Christians dispute that Allah is the god who is acknowledged by them.
Trying to argue that the god of the Qur’an and the god of the Bible are two separate entities is like to claiming that the Jesus of the New Testament and the Jesus of the Qur’an (who is not divine and was not crucified) are two different historical figures.
Some would respond that, while there are opposing interpretations of the one Jesus, God and Allah are two separate beings with two different beginnings, respectively.
Indeed, polytheists were the majority of those who acknowledged Allah prior to the revelation of the Qur’an. Interestingly, Abdullah was the name of Muhammad’s own father, who died before the Prophet was born (Servant of God). While some may believe the argument that Allah cannot be God due to his origins as part of a polytheistic religious system is sound, it ignores the historical roots of Jewish monotheism (and its Christian and Islamic derivatives). Despite the fact that he initially reigned over a huge pantheon, biblical authors equated the Canaanite high deity El with their own god.
A variety of terms such as elandelohim, New Testamenttheos (hence theology), Latindeus (thus deism), and the pre-Christian, Germanicgodcan all refer to both the Judeo-Christian god and other supernatural creatures.
While traditional Jews and Christians think that the religion of Adam and Eve was polytheistic, Muslims believe that it was monotheistic from the beginning of time.
From Judaism came the belief that Abraham, in particular, had been the one who (re)discovered monotheism and rejected idolatry, which was later adopted by Islam.
Gods as human constructions
If Abraham lived at all, which is highly unlikely given his age, he would have flourished around the early second millennium BCE. Critical historians and archaeologists, on the other hand, contend that Israelite monotheism did not emerge until around the time of the Babylonian Exile — more than a thousand years after the biblical period. The reason why there are so many varied conceptions of God and gods is almost certainly not because humans have erred in their interpretation of a divine revelation.
Particular groups of people have made attempts to maintain their identity or even exert their hegemony over others on the basis that they have been specifically chosen by God to receive real revelation.
In addition, it explains Malaysian Muslim efforts to discourage Christians from referring to God as Allah, out of concern that legitimizing the Christian view of Allah could endanger Islamic control in the country.
As part of The Conversation’s Religion + Mythology series, this essay is reprinted with permission.
Islam: Basic Beliefs
Islam is a monotheistic religion that is based on the belief in a single God (Allah). According to this view, it has certain beliefs in common with those of Judaism and Christianity in that it traces its origins back to the patriarch Abraham, and ultimately to the first prophet Adam. Throughout history, prophets have taught the same universal message of faith in a single God and charity toward one another. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the lineage of prophets that began with Adam and ended with Moses.
- He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a trader.
- The people were worshipping a plethora of gods and had lost sight of the prophet Abraham’s warning that they should only serve one God.
- It was during one of these occurrences, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, that he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril (Gabriel).
- In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah, rather than gratifying themselves.
- Muslims constitute 1.2 billion people worldwide, with 7 million living in the United States.
- Indonesia and India have the greatest Muslim populations of any of the countries in the world.
- Despite the fact that they hold similar fundamental principles, they disagree on who should be the legitimate head of Islam following Muhammad’s death.
- “Allah” is just the Arabic word for God, and it means “God.” He is the same God who is adored by people of all religions and who is the same global God.
- Furthermore, “Allah” does not have a plural form.
- Religions based on belief in one God (Allah)
- Belief in angels
- Belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
- Belief in all of God’s prophets sent to mankind, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Although Muslims believe in Isa or Jesus, they do not see Jesus as the Son of God in the same sense that Christians do. Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment and life after death, but Christians do not. The highest reward for doing good things is growing in one’s relationship with God
- Faith in the decree of God. Therefore, God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission
- But, he has granted human people the ability to choose whether they will be good or evil. At the conclusion of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and decisions.
These are practical guidelines for putting Muslim principles into practice on a daily basis, including:
- They serve as regular reminders of how to put Muslim ideas into action in everyday situations:
Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.
Every day, they read a portion of it. According to Islam, the Sunnah is a written record of Muhammad’s words and actions. The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran. It also contains guidance on matters like as belief, worship, and behavior.
Islam, after Christianity, is the second most popular religion in the world, with around 1.8 billion Muslims practicing their faith globally. Despite the fact that Islam’s origins trace back far older, experts generally agree that it was founded in the 7th century, making it the most recent of the major global faiths. Islamic teachings were first taught at Mecca, which is now part of modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. Today, the faith is expanding at an alarming rate around the world.
- The term “Islam” literally translates as “submission to God’s will.”
- Muslims are those who adhere to Islam
- Muslims are monotheistic and worship a single, all-knowing God, known in Arabic as Allah
- Muslims are those who adhere to other religions. Islamic adherents strive to live lives of total surrender to Allah and His will. Despite their belief that nothing can happen without Allah’s approval, they acknowledge that humans possess free choice. Islamic teachings hold that Allah’s word was given to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel, and Muslims believe that other prophets were sent to teach Allah’s law throughout history. They hold several of the same prophets in high regard as Jews and Christians, including Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, among others. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet. Moschees are sites of religious prayer for Muslims. In addition to the Kaaba shrine in Mecca and the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, some notable Islamic holy sites are the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina and the Kaaba in Mecca. The Quran (also known as the Koran) is the most important religious document in Islam. Another significant literature is the Hadith (also known as the Sunnah). Muslims also hold some passages from the Judeo-Christian Bible in high regard
- Followers of Islam worship Allah via prayer and recitation of the Quran. It is their belief that there will be a day of judgment and that there is life after death. “Jihad,” which literally translates as “battle,” is a major concept in Islam. Despite the fact that the phrase has been used negatively in popular society, Muslims feel it refers to internal and outward attempts to protect their religious beliefs. Although uncommon, military jihad may be used in the event of a “just war” being declared.
Muhammad, also known as Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, around 570 A.D., and is considered to be the founder of Islam. According to Muslims, he was the final prophet sent by God to proclaim their beliefs to the rest of the world. Islam’s sacred writings and traditions claim that an angel called Gabriel came to visit Muhammad during his meditation session in a cave in the year 610 AAD. Muhammad was instructed by the angel to repeat the words of Allah. Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah for the rest of his life, despite his physical limitations.
He preached that there was only one God, Allah, and that Muslims should devote their lives to worshipping this one and only God.
Muhammad and his supporters embarked on a journey from Mecca to Medina in 622. The Hijra (sometimes written Hegira or Hijrah) is a voyage that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is commemorated on the Islamic calendar. A little more than seven years later, Muhammad and his throngs of followers returned to Mecca and completely subjugated the surrounding area. He preached until his death in 632, at the age of 84.
Following Muhammad’s death, Islam began to spread at an alarming rate. Following Muhammad’s death, a succession of leaders known as caliphs ascended to the throne. A caliphate was a system of leadership in which a Muslim monarch was in charge and was administered by a Muslim king. The first caliph was Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and close friend, who reigned as the Prophet Muhammad’s successor. Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad, ascended to the throne in 634 when Abu Bakr died around two years after he was chosen.
The job of caliph was taken up by Uthman, Muhammad’s son-in-law, when Umar was slain six years after being proclaimed caliph. Uthman was assassinated as well, and Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, was chosen to be the caliph in his place. During the tenure of the first four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered vast swaths of the Middle East, including Syria, Palestine, Iran, and Iraq, among other places. Islam also expanded throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia, as well as throughout the Middle East.
The caliphate system endured for decades and eventually gave rise to the Ottoman Empire, which ruled over significant areas of the Middle East from around 1517 until World War I brought the Ottoman Empire to an end on November 11, 1917.
Sunnis and Shiites
When Muhammad died, there was a heated controversy over who should take over as leader of the Muslim community. Due to this division among the Islamic community, two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sunnis constitute roughly 90 percent of all Muslims in the globe. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs were the legitimate successors to him. Muslims who follow the Shiite school of thought believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are legitimate heirs to Muhammad.
Shiite Muslims now have a significant presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria, among other places.
Other Types of Islam
Other, minor Muslim denominations exist within the Sunni and Shiite communities, in addition to the larger ones. Some of these are as follows:
- Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, which was created in Saudi Arabia in the 18th century by members of the Tameem clan, is a branch of Islam. Followers adhere to Muhammad ibn Abd al-exceedingly Wahhab’s stringent interpretation of Islam, which he taught them. Alawite: This Shiite branch of Islam is widely practiced in Syria. Followers of the caliph Ali retain similar views about him, but they also mark various Christian and Zoroastrian feasts, as well. Nation of Islam (also known as the Muslim Brotherhood): This Sunni sect with a majority of African-American members was created in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. A disagreement over the method of selecting a new leader caused this group to split from the Shiites. They are well-known for their hardline fundamentalism, and they are now referred to as Ibadis.
The Holy Quran. Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed/EyeEm/Getty Images Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed For Muslims, the Quran (also known as the Koran or the Qur’an) is regarded to be the most significant sacred book in existence. In addition to certain essential material that can be found in the Hebrew Bible, it also contains revelations that were delivered to Muhammad. The text is regarded to be God’s sacred word, and it supersedes all prior works in this regard. The majority of Muslims believe that Muhammad’s scribes recorded his utterances, which were later compiled into the Quran.
It is divided into 114 chapters, which are referred to as surahs.
Why the Quran Was a Bestseller Among Christians in Eighteenth Century America.
The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijra calendar, is a lunar calendar used in Islamic religious devotion that is based on the lunar month of Ramadan. The calendar began in the year 622 A.D., commemorating Muhammad’s trip from Mecca to Medina, and has been in use ever since. According to the Islamic calendar, religious festivals and festivities are held on the appropriate days, including the month-long period of fasting and prayer known as Ramadan, which takes place during the ninth month of the calendar.
Just as there is no internationally acceptable image or symbol of Islam, there is no single image or symbol of Islam that is universally approved by all Muslims worldwide. Despite the fact that the crescent moon and star picture is considered to have predated Islam and was first used as a sign of the Ottoman Empire, the crescent moon and star image has been embraced as a symbol of Islam in several mostly Muslim nations. In various other contexts, like as the International Red Cross and Red Crescenthumanitarian help movement, a red crescent signifies that Muslims are accepted and treated as such by their fellow citizens.
As a result, the color green is sometimes connected with Islam, as it was supposedly a favorite hue of Muhammad’s, and it is frequently depicted prominently on the flags of nations with a largely Muslim population.
Five Pillars of Islam
Muslims adhere to five fundamental pillars that are fundamental to their faith. These are some examples:
- Declaring one’s trust in God and confidence in Muhammad is known as a Shahada. Salat: a five-times-a-day prayer (at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening) that includes the following: Zakat is a religious obligation to contribute to people in need. Sawm: to refrain from eating or drinking during Ramadan
- It is obligatory for all Muslims to do the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetime (if they are physically able to do so).
The legal system of Islam is referred to as Sharia Law. This faith-based code of behavior advises Muslims on how they should live their lives in practically every aspect of their lives, including marriage and family life. Men and women are required to dress modestly under Sharia law. It also includes recommendations for Muslim marriages as well as other moral concepts for Muslims. Those who break the rule are subjected to draconian penalties under Sharia law, which is well-known. In certain countries, for example, the punishment for stealing is amputating the offender’s hand.
Many Muslims, on the other hand, are opposed to such harsh measures.
Building the first mosque in Medina is attributed to the prophet Muhammad, who did it in the courtyard of his residence in Medina. Some of the precepts he established in 622 A.D. continue to be followed by mosques today. A mosque’s big open area or outdoor courtyard is frequently used for Muslim prayer. When praying in a mosque, a mihrab is a decorative feature or niche that symbolizes the direction to Mecca and, consequently, the direction to face when praying. Separate prayers are offered for men and women, and Muslims are permitted to attend a mosque five times a day for each of the five prayer periods.
The two most important Muslim festivals are as follows: The festival of Eid al-Adha commemorates the Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son in the service of Allah. Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, comes to a conclusion on Eid al-Fitr, the feast of the harvest. Muslims also observe other religious festivals, such as the Islamic New Year and the birth of Muhammad, among others.
Recently, Islam’s alleged relationship with terrorism and mass murder has provoked heated political controversy in a number of nations, particularly in the Middle East. Radical Islam” has become a well-known moniker to define the religion’s association with acts of violence, despite its use being contentious at the time. Surveys recently conducted have revealed that in nations with large Muslim populations, the vast majority of Muslims hold highly unfavorable attitudes about terrorist organizations such as ISIS.
Islam is currently the fastest-growing religion in the world.
Islam,BBC. Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. Religious Tolerance is increasing in number. Islam in a Nutshell, CNN. The Fundamentals of Islam, and PBS. What is Sharia Law, and how does it work in practice? BBC. ISIS is reviled in countries with large Muslim populations, and this is especially true in Europe.
Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan research organization. The Religion Library’s Islam Rituals and Worship: Symbolism section has further information. The Islamic Calendar is available at TimeandDate.com.
Allah, also known as Allah (“God”) in Arabic, is the one and only God in Islam. According to etymology, the name Allah is most likely a contraction of the Arabic-Ilh, which means “the God.” From the earliest Jewish literature, we may deduce that the term for god wasil,el, oreloah was used, the latter two of which were later employed in the Hebrew Bible, the name can be traced back to the beginning of time (Old Testament). Allah is the traditional Arabic term for God, and it is used by both Muslims and Christians who speak Arabic, as well as by Jews who speak Arabic.
Since God himself speaks the Arabic language, the Arabic term has unique meaning for Muslims everywhere, regardless of their original language or dialect.
This quiz delves into the world of religions and civilizations, covering everything from temples to festivals.
The Qur’an emphasizes above all Allah’s uniqueness and solesovereignty, a theological concept reflected by the Arabic termtawd(“oneness”), which literally means “oneness with Allah.” He never sleeps or tired, and, though transcending, he perceives and reacts to everything in every location as a result of the omnipresence of his divine knowledge, which he perceives and reacts to in every place.
- He also has no offspring.
- Allah is the “Lord of the Worlds,” the Most High; “nothing is like unto him,” and this in itself is a plea to the believer to love Allah as the Protector and to magnify his capabilities of compassion and forgiveness, which is a prayer to Allah from the believer.
- God is immensely merciful, but there is one sin that he will not forgive in the afterlife, according to the Qur’an: associationism, often known as polytheism, which is defined as believing in more than one god (shirk).
- In the Qur’an and Hadith (the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad), Muslim scholars have compiled the 99 “most beautiful names” (al-asm al-usna) of Allah, which define his characteristics and are found in the Qur’an and Hadith.
Al-Qayyim, al-Aqq, al-Azz, al-Sam, al-Bar, al-Shahd, al-Wakil, al-Wakil, al-Wakil, al-Wakil, al-Wakil, al-Wakil, al-Wakil, al-Wakil, al-Wakil, al-Ghafr, al-Ghaffr, al-Ghaffr are Shahadah, the confession of faith by which a person is welcomed into the Muslim community, consists of the statement that there is no deity but Allah and that Muhammad is his prophet.
The phrase sha Allah, which means “if Allah wills,” appears regularly in everyday conversation.
Although Muslims believe that nothing happens and that nothing is accomplished unless it is as a result of Allah’s will or mandate, they also believe that humans are individually accountable for the moral decisions they make at any particular time.
Rather from being unthinking and uninformed, such surrender should be deliberate and founded on knowledge of God and his commands gained via God’s revealed word. Asma Afsaruddin is a Pakistani actress. Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica
Islam Fast Facts
(CNN) Take a look at Islam for a moment. Islam is translated as “submission” or “surrender” in several languages. Surrender to Allah’s will – Allah is the Arabic word meaning God.
Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Abraham, Moses, Noah, David, and Jesus are some of the other prophets that lived throughout this time period.
- – The Salat, also known as the Salah, is a daily religious ceremonial prayer performed five times a day.
- In the month of Ramadan, a Sawm is a fast that is observed.
- The pilgrimage begins on the seventh or eighth day of the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar and concludes on the 12th day of the same month, depending on when you start.
- For Muslims, it is the holiest spot in the planet.
- Muslims believe that the Quran contains divine words or revelations that serve as the foundation of their faith.
- The Quran contains a total of 114 chapters.
- A Jihad, according to Islamic traditions, is a fight that is waged while adhering to God’s mandates on a personal level as well as on a communal one.
Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam and is also the most populous. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs (leaders) are the genuine heirs to Muhammad’s position. Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab founded the Wahabi sect in Saudi Arabia, which is made of members of the Tameem tribe who adhere to the stringent orthodox teachings of Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab. The Shiite (or Shia) sect of Islam, the second-largest branch of Islam, believes that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the genuine heirs to Muhammad, and rejects the first three caliphs as unfit for office.
Furthermore, they observe a number of Christian and Zoroastrian holidays in addition to Islamic holidays.
They were well-known for their uncompromising opinions on the Quran’s adherence as well as for their extremist fundamentalist views.
The Nation of Islam is a predominantly African-American religious organization that was formed in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. It is a Sunni sect, as the name suggests. Other Sunni and Shiite sects exist in African and Arab countries, as well as in other parts of the world.
In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.
Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.
Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world. Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.
657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.
‘No god but God’ (Published 2005)
ARABIA BEFORE THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION Arabia. IN THE ARID, lonely valley of Mecca and encircled on all sides by the naked mountains of the Arabian desert, there sits a little, unremarkable shrine known to the ancient Arabs as the Kaaba, which means “Cube” in Arabic. Located in the desert, the Kaaba is a squat, roofless building constructed of unmortared stones and submerged in a sand valley. Its four walls, which are so low that a young goat is claimed to be able to leap over them, are clad in thick fabric strips.
The gods of pre-Islamic Arabia have taken up residence here, in the cramped interior of the sanctuary: Hubal, the Syrian god of the moon; al-Uzza, the powerful goddess known to the Egyptians as Isis and the Greeks as Aphrodite; al-Kutba, the Nabataean god of writing and divination; and Jesus, the incarnate god of the Christians, and his holy mother, Mary.
During the holy months, when the desert fairs and huge marketplaces wrap the city of Mecca, pilgrims from all over the Arabian Peninsula make their way to this desolate country to pay homage to their tribe deities, which are located in the city of Mecca.
A fascinating rite follows, the origins of which are unknown, in which the pilgrims congregate as a group and spin around the Kaaba seven times, with some pausing to kiss each corner of the sanctuary before being seized and swept away once again by the stream of people.
Those who believe in the Flood think that Adam’s initial structure was destroyed by the flood, and that it was later rebuilt by Noah.
And they believe that it was at this very spot that Abraham was on the verge of sacrificing Ismail when he was stopped by the promise that, like his younger brother, Isaac, Ismail would also be the father of a great nation, the descendants of whom now whirl through the sandy Meccan valley like a desert whirlpool.
- Truth be told, there is no one who knows who built the Kaaba or how long it has stood on this site.
- Near the Kaaba, there is a well known as Zamzam, which is supplied by a plentiful subterranean spring that, according to belief, was placed there to sustain Hagar and Ismail and their children.
- Not as some type of Arab pantheon, but as a safe location to store the sanctified things used in the rites that had developed around Zamzam, it is possible that the Kaaba itself was built many years after the original structure.
- For the ancient Arabs, it is also probable that the initial sanctuary had some sort of cosmic importance to them.
- It is possible that the seven circumambulations of the Kaaba, known in Arabic as tawaf and today the fundamental rite of the annual Hajj pilgrimage, were meant to simulate the motion of the celestial bodies in the heavens.
- As with the Pyramids in Egypt and the Temple in Jerusalem, it is possible that the Kaaba was built to serve as an axis mundi, also known as a “navel point,” which is a holy location around which the cosmos rotates and serves as a connection between the earth and the solid dome of heaven.
Unfortunately, like with so many other aspects of the Kaaba, the origins of the structure are a matter of conjecture.
MUSLIMS have traditionally regarded the JAHILIYA as a period of moral depravity and theological strife; it was a period during which the sons of Ismail had clouded confidence in the one true God and sunk the Arabian Peninsula into a state of idolatry.
He was compared to the rise of the sun.
It is true that paganism predominated in the Arabian Peninsula before to the birth of Islam.
The word paganus literally translates as “rural peasant” or “boor,” and it was initially used by Christians as a derogatory epithet to designate anyone who adhered to any faith other than their own.
For example, paganism is not so much a system of beliefs and practices as it is a religious worldview, one that is open to a wide range of influences and interpretations, in contrast to Christianity.
There is no such thing as a pagan credo or a pagan canon in the traditional sense.
Moreover, it is critical to distinguish between the religious experiences of nomadic Bedouin tribes and the religious experiences of sedentary tribal groups who had settled in major population centers such as Mecca when discussing the paganism of the pre-Islamic Arabs, as was done in the preceding section.
- This is not to argue that the Bedouin were limited to nothing more than a rudimentary form of worship, though.
- However, the nomadic existence necessitates the establishment of a religion in order to answer urgent issues such as: Which deity can direct us to water?
- For its part, paganism among the sedentary civilizations of Arabia had grown from its earlier and simpler expressions into a sophisticated type of neo-animism, which provided a variety of divine and semi-divine intermediaries who stood between the creator deity and his creation.
- Despite being a strong deity to swear by, Allah’s notable position in the Arab pantheon meant that he, like most High Gods, was beyond the reach of common people’s supplications.
Otherwise, it was considerably more convenient to resort to the smaller, more accessible gods who worked as Allah’s intercessors, the most powerful of whom were his three daughters, Allat (“the goddess”), al-Uzza (“the great”), and Manat (“the mother of the world”) (the goddess of fate, whose name is probably derived from the Hebrew word mana, meaning “portion” or “share”).
When the Arabs needed rain, when their children were sick, when they went into battle, or when they embarked on a journey deep into the treacherous desert abodes of the Jinn-those intelligent, imperceptible, and salvable beings made of smokeless flame who are known in the West as “genies” and who function as the nymphs and fairies of Arabian mythology-it was to them that they prayed.
- It was via ecstatic utterances of a group of cultic authorities known as the Kahins that they were able to expose themselves on a regular basis.
- The poets had a major role in pre-Islamic civilization as bards, tribal historians, social critics and dispensers of moral philosophy.
- The Kahins, on the other hand, signified a higher spiritual function performed by the poet.
- While the Kahins’ oracles were ambiguous and purposefully imprecise, unlike their Pythian counterparts at Delphi, it was the supplicant’s obligation to find out what the gods were truly saying.
- No matter how hard they tried, neither the Kahins nor anyone else was able to gain access to Allah.
- Despite the fact that he is referred to as “the King of the Gods” and “the Lord of the House,” In the Kaaba, Allah was not the most important divinity.
- The fact that Allah had such a minor part in pre-Islamic Arabia’s religious cult, yet held such a prominent position in the Arab pantheon, is an indicator of precisely how far paganism in the Arabian Peninsula had progressed from its basic animistic foundations.
- You have complete control over him and all he has.
- Henotheism in Arabia may be traced back to a tribe known as the Amir, who lived in modern-day Yemen in the second century B.C.E.
While the specifics of the Amirs’ religious beliefs have been lost to history, most scholars believe that by the sixth century C.E., henotheism had become the standard belief of the vast majority of sedentary Arabs, who not only accepted Allah as their High God, but also insisted that he was the same god as Yahweh, the god of the Jews.
According to historical records, Jews have been present in the Arabian Peninsula since before the Babylonian Exile more than a thousand years ago, though it is possible that subsequent migrations occurred in 70 C.E., following Rome’s sacking of the Temple in Jerusalem, and again in 132 C.E., following the messianic uprising of Simon Bar Kochba.
It didn’t matter whether they were Arab converts or immigrants from Palestine; Jews were represented at every level of Arab society.
Jewish men adopted Arab surnames, and Jewish women donned Arab headdresses during this period.
However, despite having maintained contact with major Jewish centers throughout the Near East, Judaism in Arabia had developed its own distinctive variations on traditional Jewish beliefs and practices.
When it comes to soothsayers, while there is evidence of a small but formal rabbinical presence in some regions of the Arabian Peninsula, there was also a group of Jewish soothsayers known as the Kohens who, while maintaining a far more priestly function in their communities, resembled the pagan Kahins in that they dealt in divinely inspired oracles as well.
One need go no farther than the Kaaba itself for proof of this impact, since its origin stories claim that it was a Semitic sanctuary (haram in Arabic), with origins that went deep into Jewish tradition.
Is Allah of Islam the same as Yahweh of Christianity?
On my way to work in Columbia, South Carolina, I passed the State House, where the Confederate flag was floating in the air behind a big, festively decorated Christmas tree. The contrast between the two symbols drew my attention. To the majority of people, the Christmas tree theoretically represents the holiday season and the emphasis on the first arrival of Jesus Christ. For them, any depiction of a spiritual reality on public property is a blatant violation of their constitutional rights. The flag, on the other hand, has grown increasingly contentious.
As a result, we have a single symbol that may be used to represent multiple different things.
In a similar vein, for some Christians, Allah is simply another name for the one and only God who created the entire universe.
The question before us, therefore, is whether the titles “Allah” and “Yahweh” are just two distinct names for the same God, or if they refer to two separate Gods altogether.
Allah is most likely derived from the Aramaic compound phrase “al-ilah,” which literally translates as “the deity.” It is a general name for the supreme deity of the people, and it has been in use in Arabia for hundreds of years prior to Muhammad’s arrival on the scene.
Allah had three daughters in the pre-Islamic era, namely Al-At, Al-Uzza, and Al-Manat, and they were all named Al-At.
The Allah of the Qur’an, on the other hand, is a radically different being from the Yahweh of the Old Testament.
I don’t think it’s feasible to get to know him personally.
Indeed, for Muslims, Allah is the only being who may exist without any partners.
Last but not least, even for the most devoted Muslim, there is no assurance of redemption, for Allah has the authority to reject the believer’s good actions and send him to hell at his discretion.
Yahweh, however, the God of the Bible, is a distinct sort of deity, as we will explore in this article.
God instructed Moses to address him as “I am that I am,” or in Hebrew, “Yahweh,” at that time.
When the Jews learned that Jesus was referring to himself as God, they seized upon the opportunity to stone him for what they considered to be blasphemy against God.
However, this cannot be claimed of the Muslim God since Muslims deny Jesus’ divinity and, as a result, deny most of what the New Testament teaches about him.
While Allah is seen as being too sacred to have personal interactions with humans, Yahweh is frequently depicted as a loving God who is concerned about our particular troubles.
The Father of Jesus can be defined as God’s father since there is unity in the Trinity despite the fact that God is one God who exists in three distinct persons.
Furthermore, both religions assert that God has sent prophets to disclose His will and to produce texts to serve as a guide for our daily lives.
For starters, their characteristics are distinct from one another.
Furthermore, because his strength is more essential than his other traits, there is an uneven focus placed on power in relation to his other attributes as well.
Yahweh, on the other hand, is by nature a triune oneness, and as a result, his characteristics are derived from his nature.
And because his characteristics are founded on his immutable nature rather than his strong will, all of his characteristics are equal and serve to foster trustworthiness rather than capriciousness.
Second, Christians believe that God’s essence is triune (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit), which is the only way that Jesus Christ, as the second person of the Trinity, could suffer on the cross in order to pay the penalty for our sins.
Muslims, on the other hand, do not believe that Jesus died on the cross and do not believe in his resurrection from the dead, according to the Bible.
According to them, Jesus cannot be God, and God cannot be a father, because he does not have a son.
But, hold on a minute, some may argue.
Do they have a case?
The Arabic Christians believe that “Allah” is the father of Jesus, and they think that “Allah” is triune, which is why they refer to him as “Father of Jesus” in their translation of the Bible.
Remembering that words have both a denotative and a connotative meaning might help to clear up this semantic strangling problem.
The connotation of a word, on the other hand, is decided by what a person believes about the object of the word.
As a result, the word “allah” is essentially a denotative term that refers to “god, divinity, etc.” Our connotative presuppositions, on the other hand, help us to grasp the denotative application.
Even if the denotation of the words is the same, there is a world of difference between the substance of the words (connotation).
If you look at the names Allah and Yahweh in the Qur’an and the Bible, it should be clear that they cannot both be referring to the same God.
According to the Law of Non-Contradiction, none of these can be true at the same time.
One thing should be clear, however: the God of Muhammad cannot be the same God as the God of Jesus Christ. Daniel Janosik is an Adjunct Faculty member (Apologetics) at Columbia International University in New York. Permalink|Comment|Leave a reply» Description