It is the world’s second-largest religion behind Christianity, with 1.9 billion followers or 24.9% of the world’s population, known as Muslims.
- According to a study in 2020, Islam has 1.9 billion adherents, making up about 24.7% of the world population. Most Muslims are either of two denominations: Sunni (87–90%, roughly 1.7 billion people) or Shia (10–13%, roughly 180–230 million people).
- 1 What is the number 1 religion in the world?
- 2 How many Muslims are in the World 2021?
- 3 Which is the correct religion?
- 4 How old is Islam in years?
- 5 Who is the founder of Islam?
- 6 How many Muslims are there?
- 7 What is the youngest religion of the world?
- 8 How many convert to Islam each year?
- 9 How many countries convert to Islam?
- 10 Who is the true God?
- 11 Why Islam is beautiful?
- 12 Is Islam the oldest religion?
- 13 Muslims and Islam: Key findings in the U.S. and around the world
- 13.0.1 Try our email course on Muslims and Islam
- 13.0.2 How many Muslims are there? Where do they live?
- 13.0.3 How many Muslims are there in the United States?
- 13.0.4 Why is the global Muslim population growing?
- 13.0.5 How do Americans view Muslims and Islam?
- 13.0.6 How do Europeans view Muslims?
- 13.0.7 What do Muslims around the world believe?
- 13.0.8 How do Muslims feel about groups like ISIS?
- 13.0.9 What do American Muslims believe?
- 13.0.10 What is the difference between Shiite Muslims and Sunni Muslims?
- 14 Islam Fast Facts
- 15 Islam: Basic Beliefs
- 16 Islam
- 17 Islam Facts
- 18 Muhammad
- 19 Hijra
- 20 Abu Bakr
- 21 Caliphate System
- 22 Sunnis and Shiites
- 23 Other Types of Islam
- 24 Quran
- 25 Islamic Calendar
- 26 Islam Symbols
- 27 Five Pillars of Islam
- 28 Sharia Law
- 29 Muslim Prayer
- 30 Muslim Holidays
- 31 Islam Today
- 32 Sources
- 33 PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith
- 34 Myths and Facts about Muslim People and Islam
- 34.0.1 Myth1: All Muslim people are Arab or Middle Eastern.
- 34.0.2 Myth2: Islam is a violent religion and Muslims identify with terrorism.
- 34.0.3 Myth3: You can’t be Muslim and be patriotic to America.
- 34.0.4 Myth4: Islam oppresses women and forces them into a subservient role.
- 34.0.5 3 Things Educators Can Do
- 35 What do Muslims believe and do? Understanding the 5 pillars of Islam
- 36 The Islamic faith
- 37 Fasts and feasts
- 38 Articles from The Conversation in this edition:
- 39 Further Reading and Resources:
What is the number 1 religion in the world?
Of the world’s major religions, Christianity is the largest, with more than two billion followers. Christianity is based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and is approximately 2,000 years old.
How many Muslims are in the World 2021?
Earth is home to more than 1.9 billion Muslims. Islam is also the world’s fastest-growing religion. The Islamic population is mainly split between 1.5 billion Sunni Muslims and 240-340 million Shia Muslims, with the remainder scattered among a few smaller denominations.
Which is the correct religion?
Originally Answered: Which religion is correct? Islam is the truth. It is the only correct religion. All other religions (except atheism) invite a person to worship a ‘creation’ which is not worthy of worship!
How old is Islam in years?
The start of Islam is marked in the year 610, following the first revelation to the prophet Muhammad at the age of 40. Muhammad and his followers spread the teachings of Islam throughout the Arabian peninsula.
Who is the founder of Islam?
The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.
How many Muslims are there?
Adherents of Islam constitute the world’s second largest religious group. According to a study in 2020, Islam has 1.9 billion adherents, making up about 24.7% of the world population.
What is the youngest religion of the world?
The Vedic Age began in India after the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilisation. The reign of Akhenaten, sometimes credited with starting the earliest known recorded monotheistic religion, in Ancient Egypt.
How many convert to Islam each year?
According to The Huffington Post, “observers estimate that as many as 20,000 Americans convert to Islam annually.”, most of them are women and African-Americans.
How many countries convert to Islam?
Islam is the official religion in 26 countries in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, and the Middle East. Islam is growing faster than any other religion worldwide (see: Pew Research Center).
Who is the true God?
The true God, i.e. the Holy Trinity, was revealed to the world by Jesus at his baptism. Jesus also taught us with his words to glorify equally the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Certainly then, the most important divine characteristics are that God is one in nature but three in persons.
Why Islam is beautiful?
Islam is a beautiful religion which talks about equality, about peace and compassion. Most of the Islamic texts are written in Persian, which is an extremely rich language, the ground for some of finest and deepest prose and poetry, literature which has a profound impact on the being.
Is Islam the oldest religion?
‘ Islam is the oldest religion in the world, founded by Adam, and it was reborn with Abraham and a second time with Muhammad. Between Abraham and Muhammad, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism and Christianity emerged in this order. These are the six world religions.
Muslims and Islam: Key findings in the U.S. and around the world
people in Djemaa el-Fna Square during the late afternoon sun
Try our email course on Muslims and Islam
Every other day, four brief courses will be given to your mailbox to help you learn more about Muslims and Islam. Sign up right away! Muslims are the fastest-growing religious group in the world, with a population of over a billion people. The increase in Muslim population and regional migration, combined with the ongoing impact of the Islamic State (also known as ISIS or ISIL) and other extremist groups that commit acts of violence in the name of Islam, have propelled Muslims and the Islamic faith to the forefront of political debate in many countries, particularly in the Middle East and Africa.
Answers to several important questions concerning Muslims have been collated from many Pew Research Center publications issued in recent years.
How many Muslims are there? Where do they live?
According to a Pew Research Center estimate, there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the world in 2015, accounting for around 24 percent of the world’s total population. Even though Islam is presently the world’s second largest religion (behind Christianity), it is also the fastest-growing major religion, according to the World Religious Statistics. Indeed, if current demographic trends continue, it is projected that the number of Muslims would surpass the number of Christians by the end of the twentieth century.
The Asia-Pacific area is home to the vast majority of Muslims in the world (62 percent), with considerable populations in Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, and Turkey among those countries.
The Muslim population in Europe is likewise increasing; we predict that by 2050, Muslims will constitute 10% of the total European population.
How many Muslims are there in the United States?
According to our estimates, there are around 3.45 million Muslims of all ages in the United States, accounting for approximately 1.1 percent of the country’s total population. This is based on an examination of census data as well as information from a 2017 poll of Muslims in the United States, which was performed in English as well as Arabic, Farsi, and Urdu. According to the same research, the Pew Research Center estimates that there are 2.15 million Muslim adults in the United States, with the vast majority of them (58 percent) being immigrants from other countries.
It was projected in a Pew Research Center survey published in 2013 that the proportion of Muslim immigrants given permanent citizenship (green cards) climbed from around 5 percent in 1992 to approximately 10 percent in 2012, or approximately 100,000 immigrants in that year.
Why is the global Muslim population growing?
It is estimated that Islam will increase at an exponential rate in the future, and both of these elements are based on simple demography. For starters, Muslims have a higher birth rate than members of other religious communities. Every Muslim woman has an average of 2.9 children across the world, compared to an average of 2.2 children for all other groups combined. Aside from being the youngest of the major religious groups (with a median age of 24 years old in 2015), Muslims are also seven years younger than non-Muslims when it comes to age.
This, paired with high reproductive rates, will contribute to the expansion of the Muslim population.
How do Americans view Muslims and Islam?
Americans were asked to rank members of nine religious organizations on a “feeling thermometer” from 0 to 100, with 0 being the coldest, most negative possible rating and 100 representing the warmest, most positive possible rating, according to an APew Research Center poll performed in 2017. Overall, Muslims received a 48-degree average rating from Americans, which was identical to that given to atheists (50). Americans had a more positive attitude about the seven other religious groups that were included in the study (Jews, Catholics, mainline Protestants, evangelical Christians, Buddhists, Hindus and Mormons).
- The average rating given to Muslims by Republicans and those who lean toward the Republican Party was 39 out of 100, which is much lower than the average grade given to Muslims by Democrats (56).
- As a matter of fact, Republicans and Republican leaners are more likely than Democrats and Democratic leaners to say they are extremely concerned about extremism in the name of Islam, both globally (67 percent vs.
- 30 percent ).
- 26 percent of Democrats).
- Republicans are significantly more likely than Democrats to believe that Islam is not a part of mainstream American culture (68 percent against 37 percent) and that there is an inherent incompatibility between Islam and democracy (68 percent versus 37 percent) (65 percent vs.
- According to a study conducted in January 2016, almost half of Americans (49 percent) believe at least “some” Muslims in the United States are anti-American, a higher proportion than those who believe “just a few” or “none” Muslims are anti-American.
- According to a study conducted in February 2017, however, the majority of Americans do not believe that Muslims living in the United States have widespread support for extremism.
Approximately a quarter (24 percent) of Muslims in the United States believe there is a reasonable bit of support for extremism; 11 percent believe there is a great lot of support.
How do Europeans view Muslims?
Americans were asked to rank members of nine religious organizations on a “feeling thermometer” from 0 to 100, with 0 being the coldest, most negative possible rating and 100 representing the warmest, most positive possible rating, according to an APew Research Center poll performed in 2017 Overall, Muslims received a 48-degree average rating from Americans, which was identical to that given to atheists and other religious minorities (50).
- Other religious organizations identified in the report were seen more favorably by Americans, as evidenced by a poll (Jews, Catholics, mainline Protestants, evangelical Christians, Buddhists, Hindus and Mormons).
- A combined average rating of 39 was given to Muslims by Republicans and those who lean toward the Republican Party, a number that is much lower than the average grade given to Muslims by Democrats (56).
- As a matter of fact, Republicans and Republican leaners are more likely than Democrats and Democratic leaners to say they are extremely concerned about extremism in the name of Islam, both globally (67 percent vs.
- 30 percent ).
- 26 percent of Democrats).
- The Republican Party, in addition, is more likely than the Democratic Party to believe that Islam is not a part of mainstream American culture (68% vs.
- 30 percent ).
- According to a study conducted in February 2017, the majority of Americans do not believe that Muslims living in the United States have widespread support for extremism.
Approximately a quarter (24 percent) of Muslims in the United States believe there is a reasonable bit of support for extremism, with 11 percent believing there is a lot of support.
What do Muslims around the world believe?
The religious beliefs and practices of Muslims, like those of any religious community, vary based on a variety of circumstances, including where in the globe they reside and what they believe. Muslims across the world, on the other hand, are nearly uniformly unified in their belief in one God and in the Prophet Muhammad, and the practice of some religious rites, such as fasting during Ramadan, is prevalent among them. In some places, however, there is a lack of cohesiveness. Muslims in 39 different nations were asked in a Pew Research Center study whether they wanted sharia law, a legal system founded on the Quran and other Islamic scripture, to be the official law of the land in their country.
The responses to this question are quite diverse.
The adoption of Sharia law, on the other hand, is supported by just a minority of people in various other nations, particularly in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
How do Muslims feel about groups like ISIS?
Recent studies have revealed that the vast majority of people in various countries with substantial Muslim populations have an unfavorable opinion of ISIS, including practically all respondents in Lebanon and 94 percent of respondents in Jordan. Only a small percentage of people claim they have a positive attitude toward ISIS. In several nations, large segments of the public, including a majority (62 percent) of Pakistanis, are deafeningly silent on the subject of ISIS. A bigger percentage of Nigerians (14 percent) have favorable views of ISIS than in the majority of other countries.
The Nigerian extremist organization Boko Haram, which has been engaged in a terrorist campaign in the nation for several years, has pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
86 percent of Muslims in the United States believe that such techniques are seldom or never acceptable, according to a study conducted in 2011.
In a few nations, a quarter or more of Muslims believe that these acts of violence are at least occasionally permissible, including 40% in the Palestinian territories, 39% in Afghanistan, 29% in Egypt, and 26% in Bangladesh, according to a recent poll.
In 2016, over two-thirds of individuals in Nigeria (68 percent) and Lebanon (67 percent) stated they are extremely concerned about Islamic extremism in their nation, both of which are considerable increases from previous years.
What do American Muslims believe?
According to the results of our 2017 study of Muslims in the United States, Muslims in the United States see a great deal of prejudice against their religious group. Furthermore, a substantial majority of Muslims in the United States are wary of President Donald Trump and believe that their fellow citizens do not consider Islam to be a legitimate component of mainstream American culture. At the same time, Muslim Americans are overwhelmingly pleased to be Americans, feel that hard effort is often rewarded in this nation, and are satisfied with the way things are going in their personal lives, according to the poll.
- In addition, 48% of respondents indicate they have been the victim of at least one incidence of prejudice in the last year.
- Furthermore, 55 percent believe that Americans in general are friendly toward Muslims in the United States, compared to only 14 percent who believe that they are unfavorable.
- We found that just approximately a third (36 percent) of Muslims in the United States claim all or most of their close friends are Muslim, compared to an overall global median of 95 percent in the 39 nations we examined.
- Approximately six out of ten people (59 percent) say they pray at least once a day, and 43 percent say they attend religious services at least once a week.
Muslim voters are far more likely than non-Muslim voters to identify with or lean toward the Democratic Party (66 percent) than they are to identify with or lean toward the Republican Party (13 percent), and far more likely than non-Muslim voters to prefer a larger government that provides more services (67 percent) over a smaller government that provides fewer services (25 percent ).
(27 percent ).
What is the difference between Shiite Muslims and Sunni Muslims?
Muslim sects Sunnis and Shiites are two subgroups, much as Catholics and Protestants are two subgroups of Christianity. Since a disagreement over the succession of leadership in the Muslim community following the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632, the Sunni-Shiite division has existed for approximately 1,400 years. While the two groups share certain fundamental Islamic principles, there are significant variations in their beliefs and practices, and in some circumstances, Sunnis do not consider Shiites to be Muslims.
- In the United States, Sunnis outnumber Shiites by a margin of 55 percent to 16.
- Please keep in mind that this post was modified on August 9, 2017.
- Correction: The estimates of the Muslim population in the United States in this piece, as well as the chart “The number of Muslims in the United States continues to climb,” were updated on November 14, 2017.
- Muslims Concerned About Their Place in Society, but Continue to Believe in the American Dream” contains more information.
Muslims in the United States are religiously faithful, yet they are also open to other interpretations of Islam. Michael Lipka works as an editorial manager for religion research at the Pew Research Center in Washington, DC.
Islam Fast Facts
(CNN) Take a look at Islam for a moment. Islam is translated as “submission” or “surrender” in several languages. Surrender to Allah’s will – Allah is the Arabic word meaning God.
Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Abraham, Moses, Noah, David, and Jesus are some of the other prophets that lived throughout this time period.
- – The Salat, also known as the Salah, is a daily religious ceremonial prayer performed five times a day.
- In the month of Ramadan, a Sawm is a fast that is observed.
- The pilgrimage begins on the seventh or eighth day of the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar and concludes on the 12th day of the same month, depending on when you start.
- For Muslims, it is the holiest spot in the planet.
- Muslims believe that the Quran contains divine words or revelations that serve as the foundation of their faith.
- The Quran contains a total of 114 chapters.
- A Jihad, according to Islamic traditions, is a fight that is waged while adhering to God’s mandates on a personal level as well as on a communal one.
Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam and is also the most populous. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs (leaders) are the genuine heirs to Muhammad’s position. Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab founded the Wahabi sect in Saudi Arabia, which is made of members of the Tameem tribe who adhere to the stringent orthodox teachings of Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab. The Shiite (or Shia) sect of Islam, the second-largest branch of Islam, believes that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the genuine heirs to Muhammad, and rejects the first three caliphs as unfit for office.
Furthermore, they observe a number of Christian and Zoroastrian holidays in addition to Islamic holidays.
They were well-known for their uncompromising opinions on the Quran’s adherence as well as for their extremist fundamentalist views.
The Nation of Islam is a predominantly African-American religious organization that was formed in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. It is a Sunni sect, as the name suggests. Other Sunni and Shiite sects exist in African and Arab countries, as well as in other parts of the world.
In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.
Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.
Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world. Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.
657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.
Islam: Basic Beliefs
Islam is a monotheistic religion that is based on the belief in a single God (Allah). According to this view, it has certain beliefs in common with those of Judaism and Christianity in that it traces its origins back to the patriarch Abraham, and ultimately to the first prophet Adam. Throughout history, prophets have taught the same universal message of faith in a single God and charity toward one another. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the lineage of prophets that began with Adam and ended with Moses.
- He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a trader.
- The people were worshipping a plethora of gods and had lost sight of the prophet Abraham’s warning that they should only serve one God.
- It was during one of these occurrences, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, that he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril (Gabriel).
- In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah, rather than gratifying themselves.
- Muslims constitute 1.2 billion people worldwide, with 7 million living in the United States.
- Indonesia and India have the greatest Muslim populations of any of the countries in the world.
- Despite the fact that they hold similar fundamental principles, they disagree on who should be the legitimate head of Islam following Muhammad’s death.
- “Allah” is just the Arabic word for God, and it means “God.” He is the same God who is adored by people of all religions and who is the same global God.
In certain circles, the name “Allah” is favoured over the word “God” since it is neither masculine nor feminine. Furthermore, “Allah” does not have a plural form. Muslims have six fundamental beliefs:
- Religions based on belief in one God (Allah)
- Belief in angels
- Belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
- Belief in all of God’s prophets sent to mankind, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Although Muslims believe in Isa or Jesus, they do not see Jesus as the Son of God in the same sense that Christians do. Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment and life after death, but Christians do not. The highest reward for doing good things is growing in one’s relationship with God
- Faith in the decree of God. Therefore, God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission
- But, he has granted human people the ability to choose whether they will be good or evil. At the conclusion of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and decisions.
These are practical guidelines for putting Muslim principles into practice on a daily basis, including:
- Declaring one’s confidence in Allah and Muhammad as His prophet or message (shahadah) is a way of bearing testimony or testifying that there is only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is His prophet or messenger. Salat (ritual prayer)—the five daily prayers are conducted at various times throughout the day, including sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. The prayers are offered in the Arabic language and with the direction of Mecca as their focus. Giving 2.5 percent of one’s wealth to the poor and needy is known as zakah (alms tax) in Islam. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, known as Ramadan, is marked by fasting during daylight hours by Muslims across the world. The goal is to remind individuals of the goodness of what they have and to demonstrate equality with those who are less fortunate than they are. In Islam, the month of Ramadan is a time for study and self-discipline. Performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) in Mecca to the Ka’bah is considered obligatory for Muslims at least once throughout their lives. Several scholars think that Ibrahim (Abraham) and one of his sons were responsible for the construction of the Ka’bah. Muhammad restored it as a place of devotion for Allah. As a result, Muslims consider it to be a particularly sacred location.
Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.
Every day, they read a portion of it.
The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran.
Islam, after Christianity, is the second most popular religion in the world, with around 1.8 billion Muslims practicing their faith globally. Despite the fact that Islam’s origins trace back far older, experts generally agree that it was founded in the 7th century, making it the most recent of the major global faiths. Islamic teachings were first taught at Mecca, which is now part of modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. Today, the faith is expanding at an alarming rate around the world.
- The term “Islam” literally translates as “submission to God’s will.”
- Muslims are those who adhere to Islam
- Muslims are monotheistic and worship a single, all-knowing God, known in Arabic as Allah
- Muslims are those who adhere to other religions. Islamic adherents strive to live lives of total surrender to Allah and His will. Despite their belief that nothing can happen without Allah’s approval, they acknowledge that humans possess free choice. Islamic teachings hold that Allah’s word was given to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel, and Muslims believe that other prophets were sent to teach Allah’s law throughout history. They hold several of the same prophets in high regard as Jews and Christians, including Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, among others. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet. Moschees are sites of religious prayer for Muslims. In addition to the Kaaba shrine in Mecca and the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, some notable Islamic holy sites are the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina and the Kaaba in Mecca. The Quran (also known as the Koran) is the most important religious document in Islam. Another significant literature is the Hadith (also known as the Sunnah). Muslims also hold some passages from the Judeo-Christian Bible in high regard
- Followers of Islam worship Allah via prayer and recitation of the Quran. It is their belief that there will be a day of judgment and that there is life after death. “Jihad,” which literally translates as “battle,” is a major concept in Islam. Despite the fact that the phrase has been used negatively in popular society, Muslims feel it refers to internal and outward attempts to protect their religious beliefs. Although uncommon, military jihad may be used in the event of a “just war” being declared.
Muhammad, also known as Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, around 570 A.D., and is considered to be the founder of Islam. According to Muslims, he was the final prophet sent by God to proclaim their beliefs to the rest of the world. Islam’s sacred writings and traditions claim that an angel called Gabriel came to visit Muhammad during his meditation session in a cave in the year 610 AAD. Muhammad was instructed by the angel to repeat the words of Allah. Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah for the rest of his life, despite his physical limitations.
He preached that there was only one God, Allah, and that Muslims should devote their lives to worshipping this one and only God.
Muhammad and his supporters embarked on a journey from Mecca to Medina in 622. The Hijra (sometimes written Hegira or Hijrah) is a voyage that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is commemorated on the Islamic calendar. A little more than seven years later, Muhammad and his throngs of followers returned to Mecca and completely subjugated the surrounding area. He preached until his death in 632, at the age of 84.
Following Muhammad’s death, Islam began to spread at an alarming rate. Following Muhammad’s death, a succession of leaders known as caliphs ascended to the throne. A caliphate was a system of leadership in which a Muslim monarch was in charge and was administered by a Muslim king.
The first caliph was Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and close friend, who reigned as the Prophet Muhammad’s successor. Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad, ascended to the throne in 634 when Abu Bakr died around two years after he was chosen.
The job of caliph was taken up by Uthman, Muhammad’s son-in-law, when Umar was slain six years after being proclaimed caliph. Uthman was assassinated as well, and Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, was chosen to be the caliph in his place. During the tenure of the first four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered vast swaths of the Middle East, including Syria, Palestine, Iran, and Iraq, among other places. Islam also expanded throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia, as well as throughout the Middle East.
Sunnis and Shiites
When Muhammad died, there was a heated controversy over who should take over as leader of the Muslim community. Due to this division among the Islamic community, two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sunnis constitute roughly 90 percent of all Muslims in the globe. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs were the legitimate successors to him. Muslims who follow the Shiite school of thought believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are legitimate heirs to Muhammad.
Shiite Muslims now have a significant presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria, among other places.
Other Types of Islam
Other, minor Muslim denominations exist within the Sunni and Shiite communities, in addition to the larger ones. Some of these are as follows:
- Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, which was created in Saudi Arabia in the 18th century by members of the Tameem clan, is a branch of Islam. Followers adhere to Muhammad ibn Abd al-exceedingly Wahhab’s stringent interpretation of Islam, which he taught them. Alawite: This Shiite branch of Islam is widely practiced in Syria. Followers of the caliph Ali retain similar views about him, but they also mark various Christian and Zoroastrian feasts, as well. Nation of Islam (also known as the Muslim Brotherhood): This Sunni sect with a majority of African-American members was created in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. A disagreement over the method of selecting a new leader caused this group to split from the Shiites. They are well-known for their hardline fundamentalism, and they are now referred to as Ibadis.
The Holy Quran. Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed/EyeEm/Getty Images Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed For Muslims, the Quran (also known as the Koran or the Qur’an) is regarded to be the most significant sacred book in existence. In addition to certain essential material that can be found in the Hebrew Bible, it also contains revelations that were delivered to Muhammad. The text is regarded to be God’s sacred word, and it supersedes all prior works in this regard. The majority of Muslims believe that Muhammad’s scribes recorded his utterances, which were later compiled into the Quran.
It is divided into 114 chapters, which are referred to as surahs.
Why the Quran Was a Bestseller Among Christians in Eighteenth Century America.
The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijra calendar, is a lunar calendar used in Islamic religious devotion that is based on the lunar month of Ramadan. The calendar began in the year 622 A.D., commemorating Muhammad’s trip from Mecca to Medina, and has been in use ever since.
According to the Islamic calendar, religious festivals and festivities are held on the appropriate days, including the month-long period of fasting and prayer known as Ramadan, which takes place during the ninth month of the calendar.
Just as there is no internationally acceptable image or symbol of Islam, there is no single image or symbol of Islam that is universally approved by all Muslims worldwide. Despite the fact that the crescent moon and star picture is considered to have predated Islam and was first used as a sign of the Ottoman Empire, the crescent moon and star image has been embraced as a symbol of Islam in several mostly Muslim nations. In various other contexts, like as the International Red Cross and Red Crescenthumanitarian help movement, a red crescent signifies that Muslims are accepted and treated as such by their fellow citizens.
Five Pillars of Islam
Muslims adhere to five fundamental pillars that are fundamental to their faith. These are some examples:
- Declaring one’s trust in God and confidence in Muhammad is known as a Shahada. Salat: a five-times-a-day prayer (at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening) that includes the following: Zakat is a religious obligation to contribute to people in need. Sawm: to refrain from eating or drinking during Ramadan
- It is obligatory for all Muslims to do the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetime (if they are physically able to do so).
The legal system of Islam is referred to as Sharia Law. This faith-based code of behavior advises Muslims on how they should live their lives in practically every aspect of their lives, including marriage and family life. Men and women are required to dress modestly under Sharia law. It also includes recommendations for Muslim marriages as well as other moral concepts for Muslims. Those who break the rule are subjected to draconian penalties under Sharia law, which is well-known. In certain countries, for example, the punishment for stealing is amputating the offender’s hand.
Many Muslims, on the other hand, are opposed to such harsh measures.
Building the first mosque in Medina is attributed to the prophet Muhammad, who did it in the courtyard of his residence in Medina. Some of the precepts he established in 622 A.D. continue to be followed by mosques today. A mosque’s big open area or outdoor courtyard is frequently used for Muslim prayer. When praying in a mosque, a mihrab is a decorative feature or niche that symbolizes the direction to Mecca and, consequently, the direction to face when praying. Separate prayers are offered for men and women, and Muslims are permitted to attend a mosque five times a day for each of the five prayer periods.
The two most important Muslim festivals are as follows: The festival of Eid al-Adha commemorates the Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son in the service of Allah. Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, comes to a conclusion on Eid al-Fitr, the feast of the harvest. Muslims also observe other religious festivals, such as the Islamic New Year and the birth of Muhammad, among others.
Recently, Islam’s alleged relationship with terrorism and mass murder has provoked heated political controversy in a number of nations, particularly in the Middle East. Radical Islam” has become a well-known moniker to define the religion’s association with acts of violence, despite its use being contentious at the time. Surveys recently conducted have revealed that in nations with large Muslim populations, the vast majority of Muslims hold highly unfavorable attitudes about terrorist organizations such as ISIS.
Islam is currently the fastest-growing religion in the world. According to experts, Islam will overtake Christianity as the world’s most popular religion by the end of the century.
Islam,BBC. Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. Religious Tolerance is increasing in number. Islam in a Nutshell, CNN. The Fundamentals of Islam, and PBS. What is Sharia Law, and how does it work in practice? BBC. ISIS is reviled in countries with large Muslim populations, and this is especially true in Europe. Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan research organization. The Religion Library’s Islam Rituals and Worship: Symbolism section has further information. The Islamic Calendar is available at TimeandDate.com.
PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith
|Islam, followedby more than a billion people today, is the world’s fastest growing religionand will soon be the world’s largest. The 1.2 billion Muslims make upapproximately one quarter of the world’s population, and the Muslim populationof the United States now outnumbers that of Episcopalians. The most populousMuslim countries are Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The numberof Muslims in Indonesia alone (175 million) exceeds the combined totalin Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran, the traditional heartlandsof Islam. There are also substantial Muslim populations in Europe andNorth America, whether converts or immigrants who began arriving in largenumbers in the 1950s and 1960s. In keeping with tradition, the two mainbranches of Islam today are Sunniand Shiite.Beginning in the1970s and 1980s Islam remerged as a potent political force, associatedwith both reform and revolution. Given the large number of adherents,it is no surprise that Muslims incorporate a broad and diverse spectrumof positions in regard to liberalism and democracy. Some are secularistswho want to disengage religion from politics. Others are reformers, whoreinterpret Islamic traditions in support of elective forms of government.Still there are others who reject democracy entirely.|
Myths and Facts about Muslim People and Islam
There are around 3.45 million Muslims residing in the United States, out of a total population of 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide. Islam is the world’s second most popular religion, behind Christianity, and it is growing in popularity. However, despite the fact that there are so many Muslims in the world, there is a general lack of awareness of Muslim people and Islam in many parts of the world. Furthermore, the rise in anti-Muslim rhetoric, as well as the unfortunate association of terrorism with Muslim people, leads to the formation of prejudices and the reinforcement of stereotypes.
(1) To give background knowledge on Muslim people and Islam, (2) to remove stereotypes and myths and replace them with facts and information, (3) to suggest methods that educators might handle these essential themes in the classroom, and (4) to supply relevantkey terminology and meanings.
Myth1: All Muslim people are Arab or Middle Eastern.
The Middle East is home to just approximately 20 percent of the world’s Muslims, despite the fact that Islam started as a religion there and that its holiest sites are there as well. According to a Pew Research Center estimate, there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, accounting for around 24 percent of the world’s total population at the time. While many people believe that the vast majority of Muslims are of Middle Eastern heritage, Indonesia (in Southeast Asia) now boasts the world’s biggest Muslim population, according to the United Nations.
If we look at the Muslim population in the United States, 75 percent of all Muslim adults in the nation have resided in the country since before the year 2000.
Myth2: Islam is a violent religion and Muslims identify with terrorism.
A variety of attitudes and behaviors may be found within any religion, and extremism is not exclusive to a single religious tradition or belief system. In the name of Islam, there are those who honestly believe that they are Muslims, yet who have perpetrated atrocious atrocities against others. These individuals, as well as their view of Islam, are correctly referred to be “extremists.” They represent a minority within Islam, and the great majority of Muslims condemn their violence and consider their interpretation to be a perversion of the Muslim faith.
- The results of a 2015 Pew Research Center survey, which was conducted in 11 countries with large Muslim populations, revealed that the vast majority of individuals held unfavourable opinions of ISIS.
- Terrifying interpretations of Islam are used by terrorists, which take a tiny number of writings that were intended to control battle in the early days of Islam and apply them today.
- There is also a widespread belief, especially among Muslims, that Muslim organizations and leaders do not go far enough in their condemnation of terrorist activities.
- Although many Muslim heads of state, politicians, organizational leaders, and people have condemned these atrocities on a regular basis, it is important to remember that there are many more who have not done so.
- A news conference was also conducted by a coalition of major national and local Muslim organizations in the United States to denounce the atrocities.
- The number of hate crimes in the United States decreased on a national level in 2014, while the number of hate crimes directed towards Muslims increased from 135 in 2013 to 154 in 2014, according to the FBI.
It is important to remember that terrorist attacks in the United States have been carried out by extremists who have adhered to a wide range of ideological beliefs, including those associated with the Ku Klux Klan, white supremacy, anti-government sentiment, Islamic extremism, and others, among others.
There is no single philosophy that is to blame for terrorism in the United States.
Myth3: You can’t be Muslim and be patriotic to America.
According to a poll conducted by the Pew Research Center, there are around 3.45 million Muslims in the United States (although some estimates have the Muslim population at a higher number), accounting for approximately 1.1 percent of the overall population. Despite experiencing bigotry and discrimination, according to a Gallup survey conducted in 2011, the vast majority of Muslim-Americans believe they are loyal to the United States and hopeful about the future. Approximately 56 percent of Muslim Americans, according to a Pew Research Center survey conducted in 2011, believe that most Muslims who immigrate to the United States desire to adopt American practices and ways of life.
According to a 2013 Pew research, the majority of Muslim-Americans (63 percent) believe there is no inherent conflict between being devoted and living in a contemporary society; by comparison, 64 percent of American Christians believed there was no inherent conflict.
Although just 2.2 million people are now active duty military, 400,000 people have not declared their religion, suggesting that the number of Muslims in the military is likely to be greater.
Myth4: Islam oppresses women and forces them into a subservient role.
Many people believe that Muslim women are oppressed and discriminated against in society, and that they are held in a submissive position to males. The position and status of Muslim women in society cannot be isolated from the role and status of women in general society, because women all over the globe, of all races, faiths, and nationalities, are subjected to discrimination on a variety of levels, including sexual harassment. Muslim women are not the only ones who experience this. The Quranexplicitly states that men and women are equal in God’s eyes and forbids female infanticide.
- As a result, the interpretation of gender roles stated in the Quran differs depending on the country or culture in which one lives, and there are ideas and practices that enslave and oppress women throughout the Islamic world (e.g.
- The Quran is being reinterpreted from this perspective by many modern women and men who reject the constraints placed on them by society.
- The head scarf is frequently highlighted as an example of persecution in the Islamic world.
- There is a common misconception that Muslim women are required to wear a hijab (head scarf), niqab, or burqa.
- In reality, many Muslim women choose to wear a hijab, niqab, or burqa on their own initiative, and they do so for a number of reasons, including a sense of pride in their Muslim identity, a sense of communal identity, or to express a sense of self-control in public settings, among others.
- During the period from 1988 to the present, eight Muslim-majority nations have had Muslim women as their heads of state.
A larger proportion of women hold national elected positions in several Muslim nations than in the United States, including Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia.
3 Things Educators Can Do
- Through social studies and current events education, children’s literature, and learning about diverse cultures, educators may incorporate the experiences, perspectives, and language of Muslim people into the curriculum. When teaching about world faiths, be sure to incorporate Islam in your lessons. Make sure you educate students on the topics of stereotypes, bias, and discrimination, especially religious intolerance. Discuss the many manifestations of bias and discrimination that can occur in personal interactions, school, the community, and the greater society. Discussion topics include: Encourage young people to become more aware of the many ways they may act as allies when they face bullying or bigotry directed against Muslim students, both in person and online
Galia, Dalia. 2015. Galia, Dalia. 2015. Meet the nine Muslim women who rose to power and controlled their own countries. L. Goodstein et al., 2011. According to the results of a poll, Muslims feel loyal to the United States and hopeful. The New York Times published an article on August 2, 2011 titled Khan, M., and L. Martinez published a paper in 2015 titled According to the Pentagon, there are more over 5,000 Muslims serving in the United States military. ABC News (New York) reports. M. Lipka, M.
- Muslims and Islam: The most important discoveries from the United States and throughout the world.
- Public Broadcasting Service, Arlington, Virginia.
- The Pew Research Center is based in Washington, DC.
- The Pew Research Center is based in Washington, DC.
- Gallup, based in Washington, D.C.
What do Muslims believe and do? Understanding the 5 pillars of Islam
A series of articles by Senior Religion and Ethics Editor Kalpana Jain, available on our website or as six emails delivered every other day, is available for those who want to learn more about Islam. The articles are written by Kalpana Jain, who is also the Senior Religion and Ethics Editor at The Conversation. Over the last few years, she has commissioned scores of papers about Islam authored by academics, which have appeared in scholarly journals. All of the pieces in this collection are drawn from that repository and have been reviewed for correctness by religious academics.
It was a kind gesture, and I appreciated it.
Even though I learned about a variety of cultural rituals through these interactions, as someone who is not religiously affiliated with the Islamic faith, I did not have a thorough understanding of the Islamic faith until I began reading the writings of our scholars in my role as ethics and religion editor.
Prophet Muhammad is the most venerated of all persons in the eyes of Muslims.
He is believed to have received direct revelations from God through the archangel Gabriel.
God is referred to as Allah in the Quran, which is the Arabic term for the word “God.” Muslims are divided into many distinct sects – some of which you may be familiar with, such as Sunni and Shiite – but they all adhere to the same set of core principles.
The Islamic faith
The Islamic religion is founded on five pillars, which are also known as fundamental tenets. Undertaking a public profession of faith, praying five times a day, contributing to charity (zakat), fasting during Ramadan, and making a trip to Mecca in Saudi Arabia are all examples of Islam’s requirements for believers. Each of these pillars is a critical component of being a Muslim in today’s world. According to scholarRose Aslan, “Many Muslims plan their days around the call to prayer, and others halt what they are doing at the call to prayer and make supplications to Allah.” Minarets in nations such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and India are equipped with speakers that broadcast the call to prayer to the whole population.
- Muslims worship in the direction of Mecca, which is located in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
- Many Muslims, according to scholars, benefit from the practice of prayer because it allows them to have a personal relationship with God.
- UmmSqueaky/Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works The five-day pilgrimage to the Great Mosque of Mecca and the surrounding area is a requirement for all Muslims who have the “physical and financial ability” to make the journey.
- The Holy Kaaba, a cube-shaped building made of black marble, is located within the Great Mosque of Mecca.
- Islam narrates the narrative of Ibrahim, who decided to sacrifice his son Ismail when God told him to do so in the Quran.
- The journey comes to a close with Eid al-Adha, often known as the “feast of the sacrifice.”
Fasts and feasts
If you have heard or seen your Muslim neighbors fasting, it is most likely because they are participating in Ramadan celebrations. In the month of Ramadan, Muslims believe that the Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad for the very first time. It is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and lasts either 29 or 30 days, depending on when it falls. During Ramadan, Muslims keep a fast from dawn to sunset each day, which means they awaken early in the morning to share meals with one another before the sun appears and conclude the fast in the late afternoon or evening.
The dates are determined by the visibility of the new crescent moon.
It is also intended to assist kids in comprehending what it is like to be impoverished.
The term “Iftaar” (meaning “breakfast”) refers to big feasts held by Muslim communities to commemorate the breaking of the fast.
In India, I’ve been to a number of Iftaar celebrations.
In many South Asian nations, sewain is given out to friends and neighbors as a form of socialization.
For the sake of accuracy, Ken Chitwood, a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Berlin Graduate School of Muslim Cultures and Societies at Freie Universität Berlin, has examined and approved this article.
Fact: Bilal Ibn Rabah, the son of an enslaved Abyssinian lady, was the first Muslim to ever utter the call to prayer, which took place in the city of Medina during the seventh century.
The following is an excerpt from an essay published by Rose Aslan, Assistant Professor of Religion at California Lutheran University.
In the following issue: What exactly is an American Muslim? On TheConversation.com, you can read all six pieces in thisUnderstanding Islam series, or you can have them delivered to your inbox if you sign up for our email newsletter course.
Articles from The Conversation in this edition:
- In the event that you have heard about or observed your Muslim neighbors fasting, the month of Ramadan is what they are celebrating. In the month of Ramadan, Muslims believe, the Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad for the first time. It is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and lasts either 29 or 30 days, depending on the calendar. Muslims fast from dawn to sunset each day during Ramadan, so they awaken early in the morning to eat food with one another before the sun shines and conclude their fast later in the evening. The timing of Ramadan can vary from year to year if the Gregorian calendar, which is used in much of the world, is followed. In order to determine these dates, it is necessary to look at the new crescent moon. According to scholarMohammad Hassan Khalil, fasting is a way for Muslims to be more conscious of their relationship with God and to be more conscious of themselves. They will gain an understanding of what it is like to be poor as a result of this experience as well. The celebration of Eid al-Fitr brings the fasting to an end. The term “Iftaar” (literally “breakfast”) refers to large feasts held by Muslim communities to commemorate the breaking of the fast. People of all faiths are welcome to attend these gatherings. Whenever I’m in India, I’m at an Iftaar feast. In celebration of Eid, Muslims congregate in mosques for prayers, which are followed by parties. For the most part, people in South Asian countries share sewain with their friends and neighbors. However, customs can vary, and Muslims from a variety of countries and cultures will participate in the celebrations of this holy day by bringing their own special foods and traditions. Ken Chitwood, a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Berlin Graduate School of Muslim Cultures and Societies at Freie Universität Berlin, has reviewed this article for accuracy. Furthermore, he is a journalist-fellow at the Center for Religion and Civic Culture at the University of Southern California. Fact: In the seventh century, Bilal Ibn Rabah, the son of an enslaved Abyssinian woman, was the first Muslim to ever recite the call to prayer in the city of Medina, where he lived with his mother. Early Muslims were debating the most effective way to audibly announce the time for prayer so that people would know when to gather at the mosque at the time. – The following is an excerpt from an article written by Rose Aslan, Assistant Professor of Religion at California Lutheran University: Now is the time to: As you listen to the sounds of the call to prayer, take note of how you feel as you listen. We’ll talk about who an American Muslim is in our next issue. There are six articles in this Understanding Islam series available on TheConversation.com, or if you sign up for our email newsletter course, we can deliver them to your inbox as well.
Further Reading and Resources:
- In the Institute of Social Policy and Understanding (ISPU), research is conducted to assist journalists and others in better understanding the lives of American Muslims. “Islam: An Introduction,” written by Annemarie Schimmel, is a good read. A thorough introduction to Islam written by a renowned Islamic scholar who taught at Harvard University from 1967 to 1992