There were 1.8 billion Muslims in the world as of 2015 – roughly 24% of the global population – according to a Pew Research Center estimate. But while Islam is currently the world’s second-largest religion (after Christianity), it is the fastest-growing major religion.
- Adherents of Islam constitute the world’s second largest religious group. According to a study in 2020, Islam has 1.9 billion adherents, making up about 24.7% of the world population. Most Muslims are either of two denominations: Sunni (87–90%, roughly 1.7 billion people) or Shia (10–13%, roughly 180–230 million people). Islam is the majority religion in several subregions: East Asia
- 1 How many people still practice Islam?
- 2 How many people worship in Islam?
- 3 How many Muslims are in the World 2021?
- 4 Where is Islam most popular?
- 5 Who is the fastest growing religion in the world?
- 6 Which is the correct religion?
- 7 How old is Islam in years?
- 8 What is the oldest religion?
- 9 Who wrote the Quran?
- 10 Who started Islam?
- 11 How many countries convert to Islam?
- 12 A new estimate of U.S. Muslim population
- 13 Muslim Population by Country 2021
- 14 Top 10 Countries with the Largest Number of Muslims (2021):
- 15 Top 10 Countries with the Highest Percentage of Muslims (2021):
- 16 What Is the Most Widely Practiced Religion in the World?
- 17 PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith
- 18 Islam
- 19 Islam Facts
- 20 Muhammad
- 21 Hijra
- 22 Abu Bakr
- 23 Caliphate System
- 24 Sunnis and Shiites
- 25 Other Types of Islam
- 26 Quran
- 27 Islamic Calendar
- 28 Islam Symbols
- 29 Five Pillars of Islam
- 30 Sharia Law
- 31 Muslim Prayer
- 32 Muslim Holidays
- 33 Islam Today
- 34 Sources
- 35 How many Muslims are there in the United States?
- 36 Islam Fast Facts
- 37 Afghan Culture
How many people still practice Islam?
According to a study in 2020, Islam has 1.9 billion adherents, making up about 24.7% of the world population. Most Muslims are either of two denominations: Sunni (87–90%, roughly 1.7 billion people) or Shia (10–13%, roughly 180–230 million people).
How many people worship in Islam?
Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity, with about 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide.
How many Muslims are in the World 2021?
Earth is home to more than 1.9 billion Muslims. Islam is also the world’s fastest-growing religion. The Islamic population is mainly split between 1.5 billion Sunni Muslims and 240-340 million Shia Muslims, with the remainder scattered among a few smaller denominations.
Where is Islam most popular?
The most populous Muslim countries are Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The number of Muslims in Indonesia alone (175 million) exceeds the combined total in Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran, the traditional heartlands of Islam.
Who is the fastest growing religion in the world?
Islam is the fastest-growing religion in the world. In 1990, 1.1 billion people were Muslims, while in 2010, 1.6 billion people were Muslims.
Which is the correct religion?
Originally Answered: Which religion is correct? Islam is the truth. It is the only correct religion. All other religions (except atheism) invite a person to worship a ‘creation’ which is not worthy of worship!
How old is Islam in years?
The start of Islam is marked in the year 610, following the first revelation to the prophet Muhammad at the age of 40. Muhammad and his followers spread the teachings of Islam throughout the Arabian peninsula.
What is the oldest religion?
The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.
Who wrote the Quran?
The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.
Who started Islam?
The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.
How many countries convert to Islam?
Islam is the official religion in 26 countries in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, and the Middle East. Islam is growing faster than any other religion worldwide (see: Pew Research Center).
A new estimate of U.S. Muslim population
“>Muslims gather during an Eid al-Fitr prayer session in 2017, marking the conclusion of Ramadan and the beginning of the vacation season. (Photo courtesy of John Moore/Getty Images) ) In the wake of recent political disputes regarding Muslim immigration and associated concerns, many people have wondered how many Muslims truly live in the United States. However, coming up with an answer is difficult, in part because the U.S. Census Bureau does not include questions regarding religion, which means there is no official government census of the Muslim population in the United States, which is problematic.
According to our estimates, the number of Muslims in the United States is not as large as the number of Americans who identify as Jewish by religion.
In the United States, Muslims will overtake Jews as the nation’s second-largest religious group by 2040, behind Christians.
Information from our 2017surveyof U.S.
Try our email course on Muslims and Islam
Every other day, four brief courses will be given to your mailbox to help you learn more about Muslims and Islam. Sign up right away! Muslims are not fairly dispersed throughout the entire country. Some major metropolitan regions, such as Washington, D.C., have significant Muslim populations. The same may be said for select states, like as New Jersey, which has twice or three times the number of Muslim adults per capita as the national average. However, there are several states and counties that have a significantly lower Muslim population.
Our initial research on Muslim Americans in 2007 found that there were 2.35 million Muslims of all ages (including 1.5 million adults) in the United States at that time.
Following this period of expansion, the Muslim population has continued to rise at a pace of around 100,000 people per year, owing to both greater fertility rates among Muslim Americans and the continuous migration of Muslims to the United States.
Although one in every five American Muslim adults was raised in a different religious tradition and later converted to Islam, a comparable proportion of Americans who were raised as Muslims no longer identify with the religion they were raised in.
Besheer Mohamed works as a senior researcher at the Pew Research Center, where she focuses on religion.
Muslim Population by Country 2021
Muslims are adherents of the religion Islam, who adhere to the teachings of the prophet Muhammad and strive to live according to those teachings. Muslims account for more than two billion people on the planet, making Islam the world’s second-largest religion, trailing only Christianity in terms of population. Many analysts predict that Muslims will outnumber Christians by the year 2050, and that this will happen sooner rather than later. Despite the fact that Muslims may be found all over the world, the bulk of them dwell in northern and central Africa, the Middle East, and southern Asia.
In general, any country in which Muslims constitute 50% or more of the population is regarded as a Muslim majority country.
This represents 86.7 percent of Indonesia’s entire population and approximately 13 percent of the world’s total Muslim population, according to the United Nations.
Top 10 Countries with the Largest Number of Muslims (2021):
- Among those who live in Indonesia are 231,000,000 people
- Pakistan has 212,300,000
- India has 200,000,000
- Bangladesh has 153,700,000
- Nigeria has 95,000,000–103,000,000 people
- Egypt has 85,000,000–90,000,000 people
- Iran has 82,500,000 people
- Algeria has 41,240,913 people
- And Sudan has 39,585,777 people.
Surprisingly, while the nations listed above have the greatest number of Muslims overall, several smaller countries have a larger percentage of Muslims within their populations.
Top 10 Countries with the Highest Percentage of Muslims (2021):
- The Maldives received 100 percent
- Mauritania received 99.9 percent
- Somalia received 99.8 percent – a tie
- Tunisia received 99.8 percent – a tie
- Afghanistan received 99.7 percent – a tie
- Algeria received 99.7 percent – a tie
- Iran received 99.4 percent
- Yemen received 99.2 percent
- Morocco received 99 percent
- Niger received 98.3 percent.
*Note: The disputed area of Western Sahara would have ranked eighth if it were not for the fact that it has not been recognized as a country by the United Nations. However, because it has not been recognized as a country, it was disqualified. It may come as a surprise to many Westerners to learn that Islam is an Abrahamic religion, which means that Muslims worship the same God as Christians, Jews, and adherents of the Bahá’ Faith—though there are significant differences between them in terms of scripture, theology, doctrine, and application.
There are two major denominations in Islam: Sunni (which accounts for 75-90 percent of the population) and Shi’a (10-13 percent), as well as a number of smaller branches.
The schism between Sunni and Shi’a Islam is nearly as ancient as the religion itself, having originated in a debate over who should follow Muhammad as leader of the faith in AD 632.
The struggle between diverse Muslim sects, notably between Shi’a and Sunni Muslims, has periodically resulted in military combat and terrorist activities.
Check out the chart below for a full analysis of how many Muslims live in each of the world’s countries, as well as what proportion of that country’s population it equates to.
What Is the Most Widely Practiced Religion in the World?
Please note that the disputed area of Western Sahara would have ranked eighth if it were not for the fact that it has not been recognized as a nation by the United Nations. However, because it has not been recognized as a country, it was disqualified. It may come as a surprise to many Westerners to learn that Islam is an Abrahamic religion, which means that Muslims worship the same God as Christians, Jews, and adherents of the Bahá’ Faith—though there are significant differences between them in terms of scripture, theology, doctrine, and application of the religion.
- There are two major denominations in Islam: Sunni (which accounts for 75-90 percent of the population) and Shi’a (10-13 percent), as well as a variety of smaller branches.
- Almost as old as Islam itself, the rift between Sunni and Shi’a Muslims may be traced back to a debate in AD 632 about who should follow Muhammad as the faith’s head.
- Conflict and terrorist activities have periodically erupted between different Muslim sects, notably between Shi’a and Sunni Muslims.
- Examine this chart to get an in-depth analysis of the number of Muslims living in each of the world’s countries and what proportion of that country’s population it represents.
- Shinttttttttttttttttttt (104 million followers). Shint is a religion that originated in Japan in the eighth century CE and advocates for the existence of multiple gods. It is not a formal religion in the conventional sense, but it serves as the foundation for many cultural activities in Japan
- Sikhism is not a religion in the traditional sense (25 million followers). Sikhism, which was created in India in the 1500s CE and is based on the teachings of Guru Nanak and his nine successors, is a relatively recent religion when compared to many other faiths. Judaism, on the other hand, has been around for thousands of years (14 million followers). Founded in the Middle East about the 8th century BCE, Judaism has three basic branches: Orthodox Judaism, Conservative Judaism, and Reform Judaism. Orthodox Judaism is the oldest of these three divisions. Despite the fact that they share a same belief system, the branches differ in their interpretation of Scripture and some religious practices
- Daoism, for example, is a different interpretation of Buddhism (12 million followers). Daoism (also known as Taoism) is a philosophy that originated in China more than 2,000 years ago and is centered on living in harmony with the spontaneous changes of the natural order. One of its first thinkers was a guy named Laozi, who is credited with writing the Daodejing, the basic book of the faith
- Muism is a branch of Buddhism (10 million followers). This faith, which is one of the world’s oldest, is strongly tied with traditional Korean culture and history, and is also known as Korean Shamanism. It is one of the world’s oldest faiths. Muism’s adherents assert a deep believe in the spirit realm
- Cao Dai is one such adherent (4.4 million followers). Founded in Vietnam in 1926 by Go Van Chieu, who claimed to have received a message from a deity figure known as the Supreme Being during a séance, Cao Dai is a religious movement. Several other faiths, including Christianity, Judaism, and Daoist philosophy, are included into the religion, which preaches love and peace while opposing intolerance and discrimination.
PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith
|Islam, followedby more than a billion people today, is the world’s fastest growing religionand will soon be the world’s largest. The 1.2 billion Muslims make upapproximately one quarter of the world’s population, and the Muslim populationof the United States now outnumbers that of Episcopalians. The most populousMuslim countries are Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The numberof Muslims in Indonesia alone (175 million) exceeds the combined totalin Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran, the traditional heartlandsof Islam. There are also substantial Muslim populations in Europe andNorth America, whether converts or immigrants who began arriving in largenumbers in the 1950s and 1960s. In keeping with tradition, the two mainbranches of Islam today are Sunniand Shiite.Beginning in the1970s and 1980s Islam remerged as a potent political force, associatedwith both reform and revolution. Given the large number of adherents,it is no surprise that Muslims incorporate a broad and diverse spectrumof positions in regard to liberalism and democracy. Some are secularistswho want to disengage religion from politics. Others are reformers, whoreinterpret Islamic traditions in support of elective forms of government.Still there are others who reject democracy entirely.|
Islam, after Christianity, is the second most popular religion in the world, with around 1.8 billion Muslims practicing their faith globally. Despite the fact that Islam’s origins trace back far older, experts generally agree that it was founded in the 7th century, making it the most recent of the major global faiths. Islamic teachings were first taught at Mecca, which is now part of modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. Today, the faith is expanding at an alarming rate around the world.
- The term “Islam” literally translates as “submission to God’s will.”
- Muslims are those who adhere to Islam
- Muslims are monotheistic and worship a single, all-knowing God, known in Arabic as Allah
- Muslims are those who adhere to other religions. Islamic adherents strive to live lives of total surrender to Allah and His will. Despite their belief that nothing can happen without Allah’s approval, they acknowledge that humans possess free choice. Islamic teachings hold that Allah’s word was given to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel, and Muslims believe that other prophets were sent to teach Allah’s law throughout history. They hold several of the same prophets in high regard as Jews and Christians, including Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, among others. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet. Moschees are sites of religious prayer for Muslims. In addition to the Kaaba shrine in Mecca and the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, some notable Islamic holy sites are the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina and the Kaaba in Mecca. The Quran (also known as the Koran) is the most important religious document in Islam. Another significant literature is the Hadith (also known as the Sunnah). Muslims also hold some passages from the Judeo-Christian Bible in high regard
- Followers of Islam worship Allah via prayer and recitation of the Quran. It is their belief that there will be a day of judgment and that there is life after death. “Jihad,” which literally translates as “battle,” is a major concept in Islam. Despite the fact that the phrase has been used negatively in popular society, Muslims feel it refers to internal and outward attempts to protect their religious beliefs. Although uncommon, military jihad may be used in the event of a “just war” being declared.
Muhammad, also known as Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, around 570 A.D., and is considered to be the founder of Islam. According to Muslims, he was the final prophet sent by God to proclaim their beliefs to the rest of the world. Islam’s sacred writings and traditions claim that an angel called Gabriel came to visit Muhammad during his meditation session in a cave in the year 610 AAD. Muhammad was instructed by the angel to repeat the words of Allah. Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah for the rest of his life, despite his physical limitations.
Muhammad began preaching the lessons he had heard in Mecca about the year 613, when he was around 30 years old. He preached that there was only one God, Allah, and that Muslims should devote their lives to worshipping this one and only God.
Muhammad and his supporters embarked on a journey from Mecca to Medina in 622. The Hijra (sometimes written Hegira or Hijrah) is a voyage that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is commemorated on the Islamic calendar. A little more than seven years later, Muhammad and his throngs of followers returned to Mecca and completely subjugated the surrounding area. He preached until his death in 632, at the age of 84.
Following Muhammad’s death, Islam began to spread at an alarming rate. Following Muhammad’s death, a succession of leaders known as caliphs ascended to the throne. A caliphate was a system of leadership in which a Muslim monarch was in charge and was administered by a Muslim king. The first caliph was Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and close friend, who reigned as the Prophet Muhammad’s successor. Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad, ascended to the throne in 634 when Abu Bakr died around two years after he was chosen.
Following Muhammad’s death, Islam continued to spread at a rapid pace throughout the region. In the years following Muhammad’s death, a succession of leaders known as caliphs ascended to the throne. The caliphate was the name given to this system of authority, which was headed by a Muslim king. Known as Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and close friend, Abu Bakr was the first caliph and ruler of the Muslim community. Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad, ascended to the throne in 634 when Abu Bakr died around two years after he was appointed.
Sunnis and Shiites
When Muhammad died, there was a heated controversy over who should take over as leader of the Muslim community. Due to this division among the Islamic community, two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sunnis constitute roughly 90 percent of all Muslims in the globe. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs were the legitimate successors to him. Muslims who follow the Shiite school of thought believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are legitimate heirs to Muhammad.
Shiite Muslims now have a significant presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria, among other places.
Other Types of Islam
Other, minor Muslim denominations exist within the Sunni and Shiite communities, in addition to the larger ones. Some of these are as follows:
- Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, which was created in Saudi Arabia in the 18th century by members of the Tameem clan, is a branch of Islam. Followers adhere to Muhammad ibn Abd al-exceedingly Wahhab’s stringent interpretation of Islam, which he taught them. Alawite: This Shiite branch of Islam is widely practiced in Syria. Followers of the caliph Ali retain similar views about him, but they also mark various Christian and Zoroastrian feasts, as well. Nation of Islam (also known as the Muslim Brotherhood): This Sunni sect with a majority of African-American members was created in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. A disagreement over the method of selecting a new leader caused this group to split from the Shiites. They are well-known for their hardline fundamentalism, and they are now referred to as Ibadis.
The Holy Quran. Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed/EyeEm/Getty Images Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed For Muslims, the Quran (also known as the Koran or the Qur’an) is regarded to be the most significant sacred book in existence. In addition to certain essential material that can be found in the Hebrew Bible, it also contains revelations that were delivered to Muhammad. The text is regarded to be God’s sacred word, and it supersedes all prior works in this regard. The majority of Muslims believe that Muhammad’s scribes recorded his utterances, which were later compiled into the Quran.
It is divided into 114 chapters, which are referred to as surahs.
In accordance with conventional wisdom, the Quran was composed immediately after Muhammad’s death, under the supervision of Caliph Abu Bakr. Why the Quran Was a Bestseller Among Christians in Eighteenth Century America.
The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijra calendar, is a lunar calendar used in Islamic religious devotion that is based on the lunar month of Ramadan. The calendar began in the year 622 A.D., commemorating Muhammad’s trip from Mecca to Medina, and has been in use ever since. According to the Islamic calendar, religious festivals and festivities are held on the appropriate days, including the month-long period of fasting and prayer known as Ramadan, which takes place during the ninth month of the calendar.
Just as there is no internationally acceptable image or symbol of Islam, there is no single image or symbol of Islam that is universally approved by all Muslims worldwide. Despite the fact that the crescent moon and star picture is considered to have predated Islam and was first used as a sign of the Ottoman Empire, the crescent moon and star image has been embraced as a symbol of Islam in several mostly Muslim nations. In various other contexts, like as the International Red Cross and Red Crescenthumanitarian help movement, a red crescent signifies that Muslims are accepted and treated as such by their fellow citizens.
Five Pillars of Islam
Muslims adhere to five fundamental pillars that are fundamental to their faith. These are some examples:
- Declaring one’s trust in God and confidence in Muhammad is known as a Shahada. Salat: a five-times-a-day prayer (at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening) that includes the following: Zakat is a religious obligation to contribute to people in need. Sawm: to refrain from eating or drinking during Ramadan
- It is obligatory for all Muslims to do the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetime (if they are physically able to do so).
The legal system of Islam is referred to as Sharia Law. This faith-based code of behavior advises Muslims on how they should live their lives in practically every aspect of their lives, including marriage and family life. Men and women are required to dress modestly under Sharia law. It also includes recommendations for Muslim marriages as well as other moral concepts for Muslims. Those who break the rule are subjected to draconian penalties under Sharia law, which is well-known. In certain countries, for example, the punishment for stealing is amputating the offender’s hand.
Many Muslims, on the other hand, are opposed to such harsh measures.
It is known as Sharia Law, and it is the legal system used by Muslims. Almost every area of Muslim life is guided by this faith-based code of conduct, which Muslims adhere to in practically every situation. Men and women must dress modestly according to Sharia law. Also included are marriage recommendations as well as other Islamic moral concepts. Those who break the law are subject to serious penalties under Sharia law. One type of theft penalty is amputating a person’s hand, as shown in the illustration above.
Such harsh measures, on the other hand, are not supported by many Muslims.
The two most important Muslim festivals are as follows: The festival of Eid al-Adha commemorates the Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son in the service of Allah.
Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, comes to a conclusion on Eid al-Fitr, the feast of the harvest. Muslims also observe other religious festivals, such as the Islamic New Year and the birth of Muhammad, among others.
Recently, Islam’s alleged relationship with terrorism and mass murder has provoked heated political controversy in a number of nations, particularly in the Middle East. Radical Islam” has become a well-known moniker to define the religion’s association with acts of violence, despite its use being contentious at the time. Surveys recently conducted have revealed that in nations with large Muslim populations, the vast majority of Muslims hold highly unfavorable attitudes about terrorist organizations such as ISIS.
Islam is currently the fastest-growing religion in the world.
Islam,BBC. Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. Religious Tolerance is increasing in number. Islam in a Nutshell, CNN. The Fundamentals of Islam, and PBS. What is Sharia Law, and how does it work in practice? BBC. ISIS is reviled in countries with large Muslim populations, and this is especially true in Europe. Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan research organization. The Religion Library’s Islam Rituals and Worship: Symbolism section has further information. The Islamic Calendar is available at TimeandDate.com.
How many Muslims are there in the United States?
Despite the fact that we are called the Center for the Study of GlobalChristianity, we conduct study on a variety of global faiths. According to our data, there are 234 countries and 18 primary types of religion that we follow in every country on the planet. That’s a significant amount of effort! However, Muslims in the United States are a very difficult demographic to count, and I will not make a blog post for every religion in every country (that would need almost 4,000 entries, in case you were curious).
The good news is that there are several more sources available, including surveys, polls, and information on ethnic groups.
In spite of this, our estimates indicate that there were 4.4 million Muslims in the United States in 2015 (1.4 percent of the population), with the number expected to more than double to 10 million by 2050.
Our estimate is larger than Pew’s because we base it on an evaluation of the number of ethnic communities in the United States, whereas Pew’s estimate is based on self-identification in surveys combined with data from the United States Census Bureau (also a valid and helpful way to measure religion).
- More recent arrivals include 90,000 Somalis, virtually all of whom are Muslims, who arrived in the country in 2012.
- Furthermore, African Americans constitute around 29 percent of the total Muslim population in the United States.
- Currently, the Muslim population in the United States may be classified into two categories: immigrants and converts.
- One of the most pressing issues facing Muslim immigrants in the United States is the tension that exists between traditional Islamic principles and absorption into mainstream American culture.
- In the history of Islam, interactions between indigenous and immigrant Muslims have always been a contentious topic.
- At the same time, black Islam has always been distinct from more mainstream Sunni Islam, particularly since the formation of organizations such as the Moorish Science Temple and the Nation of Islam.
A large number of persons have a vested interest in accurately estimating the size of the Muslim community in the United States. It has consequences not just in terms of religion, but also in terms of politics and economics. We’re doing everything we can to stay on top of the newest statistics.
Religion in the United States, 2020
Edward E. Curtis is a good source of further reading. Introduction to the Practice of Islam in the United States of America. New York University Press, 2017. Shakira Hussein is a model and actress. Since September 11, 2001, Muslim women have gone from being victims to being suspects. Yale University Press will publish a book in 2019 titled Su’ad Abdul Khabeer’s full name is Su’ad Abdul Khabeer. American Muslim Cool: The Intersection of Race, Religion, and Hip Hop in the United States NYU Press published a book in 2016 titled Jane I.
Columbia University Press published the second edition in 2009.
Islam Fast Facts
(CNN) Take a look at Islam for a moment. Islam is translated as “submission” or “surrender” in several languages. Surrender to Allah’s will – Allah is the Arabic word meaning God.
Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Abraham, Moses, Noah, David, and Jesus are some of the other prophets that lived throughout this time period.
- – The Salat, also known as the Salah, is a daily religious ceremonial prayer performed five times a day.
- In the month of Ramadan, a Sawm is a fast that is observed.
- The pilgrimage begins on the seventh or eighth day of the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar and concludes on the 12th day of the same month, depending on when you start.
- For Muslims, it is the holiest spot in the planet.
- Muslims believe that the Quran contains divine words or revelations that serve as the foundation of their faith.
- The Quran contains a total of 114 chapters.
Known as the Hadith in Arabic, it is a compilation of Muhammad’s traditions and sayings that are used to outline the Muslim way of life and beliefs. A Jihad, according to Islamic traditions, is a fight that is waged while adhering to God’s mandates on a personal level as well as on a communal one.
Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam and is also the most populous. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs (leaders) are the genuine heirs to Muhammad’s position. Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab founded the Wahabi sect in Saudi Arabia, which is made of members of the Tameem tribe who adhere to the stringent orthodox teachings of Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab. The Shiite (or Shia) sect of Islam, the second-largest branch of Islam, believes that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the genuine heirs to Muhammad, and rejects the first three caliphs as unfit for office.
- Furthermore, they observe a number of Christian and Zoroastrian holidays in addition to Islamic holidays.
- They were well-known for their uncompromising opinions on the Quran’s adherence as well as for their extremist fundamentalist views.
- The Nation of Islam is a predominantly African-American religious organization that was formed in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s.
- Other Sunni and Shiite sects exist in African and Arab countries, as well as in other parts of the world.
In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.
Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.
Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world.
Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.
The Quran is a book that contains the teachings and sayings that were revealed to Muhammad between 650 and 652 AD. 657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.
Afghanistan’s official religion is Islam, and Muslims constitute the vast majority of the country’s population (approximately 99.7 percent ). 1 In addition to Muslims, there are a few tiny remnant populations of other religions, such as Christians and Sikhs, Hindus, and Baha’is. However, as a result of individuals fleeing tensions and violence, the numbers of minority Muslim and non-Muslim populations have decreased dramatically in recent decades. The Afghan government is created as a Sunni Islamic Republic, as opposed to the previous regime.
It is the Islamic moral code that tends to regulate the political, economic, and legal elements of an Afghan’s life in the majority of cases.
Consider how many individuals do not pray on a regular basis, for example.
Afghanistan’s Islamic culture Afghanistan’s culture and national identity are profoundly influenced by Islam, as is its history.
The veneration that many individuals have for Allah (God) is clear in the way they talk, and it is usual to smuggle praise into ordinary speech.
2 Some individuals in Afghanistan may have never read parts of the Qur’an, and they may rely on those who have memorized the holy scripture to pass on the message of God as a result of the country’s low literacy rate.
An Afghan’s religious affiliation is often assumed to be determined by whatever denomination of Islam they adhere to.
There are rare outliers, such as the Shi’a-majority Pashtun Turi tribe and the Tajiks of Badakshan, who are also Shi’a-majority.
Shi’a leaders claim that roughly 20-25 percent of the population is Shi’a, whilst Sunni authorities claim that the Shi’a make up 10 percent of the total population.
It is believed that around 90 percent of the Shi’a community belongs to the Twelver school (following the Jafari school), however some Ismali Shi’ites are also present.
A history of discrimination against minority Shi’ites can be seen in Sunni-dominated regimes.
The Shi’a places of worship and religious events are frequently targeted by these terrorists.
5The Hazara Shi’a community is the most frequently targeted by ethno-religious terrorism, and they are also the most vulnerable.
In Afghanistan, there are several limitations placed on people’s religious practice.
6For example, women of a variety of religious backgrounds have reported ongoing harassment from local Muslim religious officials because of their dress.
It is critical to recognize that there may be divergent perspectives on the role of religion in Afghanistan.
Some, however, may hold a negative attitude toward the institution of religion, viewing it as an instrument of tyranny as a result of their own experiences of persecution and strife.
Showing scorn, offense, or a lack of regard for Islam might be construed as blasphemy in some circumstances.
7 The employment of such laws and punishments, particularly those related to blasphemy and Islam, has been used to persecute religious minorities in particular.
Threats of kidnapping and death are made against journalists, staff of non-governmental organizations, and others on a regular basis.
Migrant Resource Center of the South Eastern Region, 2009 3 Minority Rights Group International (MRG International) (2018a).
4 Department of State of the United States, 2017. MRG International (Minority Rights Group International), 2018 6 Department of State of the United States, 2017. 7 Department of State of the United States of America, 2017. MRG International (Minority Rights Group International), 2018