How Many Sects Are There In Islam? (Solution)

Though the two main sects within Islam, Sunni and Shia, agree on most of the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam, a bitter split between the two goes back some 14 centuries. The divide originated with a dispute over who should succeed the Prophet Muhammad as leader of the Islamic faith he introduced.

What are the names of the two major sects of Islam?

  • In Islam, there are two main sects: Sunni and Shi’a. Sunni Islam is the largest sect, although in some countries it is a minority. Sunnis have their historical roots in the majority group who followed Abu Bakr, an effective leader, as the successor of Muhammad, instead of his cousin and son-in-law Ali.


What are the 73 sects Islam?

Sectarian divisions

  • Sunnī Islam.
  • Shiʿa Islam.
  • Kharijite Islam.
  • Murijite Islam.
  • Muʿtazila Islam.
  • Sunnī
  • Shiʿa.
  • Ibadi.

What are the 4 main sects of Islam?

As with all other world religions, Islam is represented by several major branches: Sunni, Shi’a, Ibadi, Ahmadiyya, and Sufism. These branches started to develop after Muhammad’s death when people began to disagree on the successor of the religion.

What are the five main sects of Islam?

Sunnis are separated into five sub-sects, namely, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, Hanbali and Ẓāhirī. The Shia, on the other hand, first developed Kaysanism, which in turn divided into three major groupings known as Fivers, Seveners and Twelvers. The Zaydis separated first.

Is barelvi Sunni?

Barelvi (Urdu: بَریلوِی, Barēlwī, Urdu pronunciation: [bəreːlʋi]) is a Sunni revivalist movement following the Hanafi school of jurisprudence, with over 200 million followers in South Asia.

Is Pakistan Sunni or Shia?

Almost all of the people of Pakistan are Muslims or at least follow Islamic traditions, and Islamic ideals and practices suffuse virtually all parts of Pakistani life. Most Pakistanis belong to the Sunni sect, the major branch of Islam. There are also significant numbers of Shiʿi Muslims.

Who is founder of Islam?

The Prophet Muhammad and the Origins of Islam. The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.

What is the oldest religion?

The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.

Who wrote the Quran?

The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.

What is difference between Sunni and Shiite?

The main difference between Sunni and Shiite Muslims is their belief surrounding who should have succeeded the Prophet Muhammad in 632 AD. Historically, Sunni Muslims believed that Abu Bakr was the rightful successor, while Shiite, or Shia, Muslims thought it should have been Ali ibn Abi Talib.

Are Shias allowed in Mecca?

Both Sunni and Shia Muslims share the same five pillars of Islam, the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina, Ramadan, the prayer, Chahada, and Zakat. However, Saudia Arabia has forbidden Shia Muslims to perform the sacred Hajj pilgrimage. If individuals refused to identify, they were not allowed in Mecca.

Is Deobandi and Wahhabi same?

As many of us already know, Salafi and Deobandi are two sects in the religion of Islam. Whereas Deobandis are Hanafis and follow Imam Abu Hanifa, Wahhabis are ghair muqallid, which means that they do not follow any imam for jurisprudence.

Is Deobandi a Sunni?

Deobandi is an Islamic revivalist movement within Sunni (primarily Hanafi) Islam that formed during the late 19th century around the Darul Uloom Islamic seminary in the town of Deoband, India, from which the name derives.

Who is right Deobandi or Barelvi?

Both the movements are named after towns in Uttar Pradesh — Deoband and Bareilly. While the Deobandi movement is known to be aligned with Wahhabism and is seen as puritanical and more austere, the Barelvi movement, in contrast, defends a more traditional South Asian version of the faith centered on Sufi mysticism.

The mystery of 73 sects

THE HADITH given to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), according to which his ummah will be divided into 73 factions, but only one would be saved, has been one of the most lasting issues of Muslim sectarian polemics for centuries. All Muslim sects are quick to proclaim that their sect is the’saved one’ (naji), and that the ‘others’ are doomed to eternal damnation. If we were to follow the usual line of logic, this hadith would split the Muslim ummah into two groups: those who have been rescued and those who have been condemned to hell.

In recent years, however, there has been a movement toward seeing this hadith in a more objective light, moving beyond sectarian interpretations.

Attempts have been made in recent years to decipher the context of this hadith and to evaluate its ramifications for today’s society.

The hadith can be found in a variety of different variants as well.

Frequently, it was assumed that 72 sects would be condemned and one group would be rescued in this manner.

According to Roy Mottahedeh (Diversity and Pluralism in Islam), Muqaddasi (a 10th-century geographer) claims that “72 sects are in paradise and one sect is in hell, according to what he believes to be a more reliable line of transmission (isnad)”.

Some, according to Mottahedeh, have questioned the authenticity of this tradition, claiming that if by 72 they mean the fundamentals of religious belief (usul), then they do not reach this number; however, if by 72 they mean the practices (furu), then the number exceeds this number by several multiples, according to Razi (d.

  1. The second interpretation of this hadith holds that the number 73 is not meant literally, but rather is a relative and metaphorical number that has been determined because of the context in which it appears.
  2. According to the author, “70 meant ‘a significant number,’ and 70-odd meant ‘a significant number and then more,’ which is rather obvious.
  3. Another liberal signal towards God’s recompense may be inferred in this case, as is the case in the previous instance.
  4. Two well-known figures, al-Baghdadi (d.
  5. 1153), provide contrasting descriptions of the sectarian numbers and their origins in their respective works.
  6. Great Muslim poet Hafiz (d.
  7. According to Mottahedeh, Mowlana Jalaluddin Rumi believes that the “deeper religion is the trans-religious wonder of God’s love,” in a similar vein to Mowlana Jalaluddin Rumi.
  8. 72) and takes the soul beyond the realm of existence.
  9. Contrary to popular belief, truth cannot be limited or constrained by disputes between societies.

This point is reinforced by Abdul Aziz Sachedina in his remarkable book The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism, which demystifies the mystery of different religions and sects, as well as how Islam views this diversity, in order to demonstrate the importance of religious diversity in democratic pluralism.

  • Today, there is a growing worldwide movement to learn from and appreciate the plurality of faiths in a variety of ways, which is a positive development.
  • We must see Muslim diversity with respect, humility, responsibility, and joy rather than through the lens of sectarianism, as we have done in the past.
  • Everyone is on the lookout for the truth.
  • if thy Lord had willed, everyone who are on the world would have believed together.” Would you (Muhammad PBUH) compel people to become believers till they are?

“He has brought uncleanness upon people who are without of comprehension” (10:99-100). The author is a history and culture professor at a private institution in Pakistan, where he specializes in Muslim societies.


Despite the fact that Islam is divided into numerous sects, all Muslims adhere to the idea of Tawhid (belief in a single God, Allah), believe in the Quran, and adhere to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings upon him). ​


​Sunni Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam, and those who adhere to it are referred to as Sunnis. Because they think that they are following the Sunnah (also known as “custom” or “tradition”) of the prophet Muhammad, they are referred to as Sunnis (pbuh). Although the exact number of Sunni Muslims in the world is unclear, some experts believe that between 85 and 90 percent of the world’s Muslim population adheres to this branch of Islam. They trace their historical origins to the dominant group that accompanied the caliph Abu Bakr to the throne of Muhammad as his successor.

According to the four schools of thinking, Sunnis base their faith on the Quran and Sunnah as perceived by the majority of the community within the framework of the four schools of thought (madhhabs).

They are all subsets of one another.

They will continue to seek Islamic solutions for the questions given by growing civilizations, regardless of time or place in which they are practiced.


It is believed that the name ‘Shi’ism’ comes from the Arabic phrase’shi’at ‘Ali,’ which literally translates as ‘the party of Ali.’ Several Shi’ite scholars argue that Ali, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuhson-in-law )’s and cousin, should have been elected caliph following the Prophet’s (pbuh) death. The Shiat adhere to the notion of Imamate, who is described as “the divinely inspired, religious and political head of the society;” one who is without sin and who bestows real knowledge on humanity, which is another key distinction.

The great majority of Shi’ites are twelvers, or adherents of the branch known as ‘Ithna Ashari,’ who comprise the bulk of the population.

Shi’a thinking is divided into several schools of thought, the most important of which being the Ja’faryia, which was formed by Ja’far al-Sadiq, the 6th Shia Imam.

They all allude to the number of divine imams who were recognized after the Prophet Muhammad’s death, and they are all capitalized (pbuh).

The three primary holidays observed by Shi’a Muslims are Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Fitr, and Ashura (the Day of the Dead). They also observe Ramadan, which is the month of fasting. ​


Ismailis, also known as the ‘Seveners,’ are Shi’a Muslims who developed in 765 as a result of a debate over who should succeed Ja’far al-Sadiq as the sixth imam. Some Muslims think that Ismail, the eldest son of Imam Ja’far, was the legitimate ruler of the whole Muslim community. Ismailis believe that after the sixth Imam Ja’far went away, his eldest son, Ismail, received the authority to govern, and therefore became the seventh Imam of the Islamic faith. These beliefs are in contrast to those held by the twelvers, who believe that the imamate was passed on to Musa al-Kazaim, Ismail’s brother.

  1. Mawlana Hazar, referred to as ‘His Highness the Aga Khan 49th hereditary Imam of the Shia’ Imami Ismaili Muslims,’ is believed to be a direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad and is the 49th hereditary Imam of the Shia’ Imami Ismaili Muslims (pbuh).
  2. Ismaili leaders that are well-known include Ubaydulla, who claimed to be a direct descendant of Fatima and Ali.
  3. “One of its most enduring landmarks was its religious center, the Al-Azhar mosque in Cairo,” which has continued to serve as an epicenter of Islamic instruction to the present day, according to the Associated Press.
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Unlike the other Shi’a groupings, the Zaydiyyah school of law has a distinct conception of the imamate than the other Shi’a parties. They recognize Zayd ibn Ali, the grandson of Hussain, as the ‘Fifth Imam,’ as their spiritual leader. Zaydis believe that the Imam does not have to be a direct descendant of Fatima, the Prophet’s daughter (pbuh), but rather can be anybody connected to Ali who possesses the highest level of moral purity. Islam: The Straight Path, by John L. Esposito, Oxford University Press, 1994, p.

Islamic Publications Limited launched the official website of the Ismaili Muslim Community in 2007.

48; John L.

The Major Branches Of Islam

In Sudan, a Sufi Ritual is performed. Sufis are classified as belonging to a mystical Islamic dimension. The Islam religion has more than 2 billion adherents all across the world. The religion itself has been around for about 1,300 years. Practicing Muslims believe that Islam started around 610 CE, when the final prophet, Muhammad, began receiving revelations from God, according to the Quran and other sources. These revelations were written down in the Qur’an by followers of the faith. Islam, like all other global faiths, is divided into various major branches: Sunni, Shi’a, Ibadi, Ahmadiyya, and Sufism, to name a few examples.

People began to debate on who should be the religion’s successor following Muhammad’s death, which resulted in the development of these branches. Despite their differences, the main denominations all hold some fundamental ideas in common, such as monotheism, sacred scriptures, and so on.

The Major Denominations Of Islam

Approximately 89-90 percent of all Muslims belong to the Sunni branch of Islam, which is by far the largest of the religion’s denominations. In the Middle East, they are found in vast numbers throughout the region, with the highest populations in Saudi Arabia and Egypt. After several years and much argument, Sunni followers came to the conclusion that Muhammad had not designated a specific successor. Abu Bakr Siddique was chosen by his followers after a long period of time and much disagreement This guy was one of Muhammad’s in-laws as well as a close companion of the Prophet.

Islam’s Sunnis believe that the Qur’an applies to all aspects of life and that individuals can approach God personally, with the expectation that he would appear to them on the Day of Judgement.


They believe that Muhammad did pick a successor, Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was also his son-in-law, and that he was chosen by Allah. Shi’a believers also have Imams, who are more central characters and community leaders than other religious leaders since they are the ideal incarnation of God on the earth. More than anything else, this branch is concerned with the individual’s relationship with God, as opposed to the cleric’s interpretation of the Qur’an. Humans will not see God on Judgement Day, according to the Shi’a, in contrast to the Sunni faith.

The vast majority, on the other hand, appears to be concentrated in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, and Azerbaijan.


Ibadi Islam is a branch of Islam that is less well-known. This sect predates both Sunni and Shi’a Islam and is believed to be a highly orthodox branch of the religion. They have the same belief as the Shi’a, which is that God will not appear on the Day of Judgment. In contrast to Sunni and Shi’a beliefs, the Ibadi believe that the Muslim community may rule itself without the need for a single leader to guide it. Ibadi also varies in that they do not believe that the Muslim monarch must be a descendent of Muhammad’s tribe, the Quraysh, as does the majority of the Muslim population.


This denomination was created more recently than the preceding one. Those who follow the Ahmadiyya religion do not believe Muhammad to be the last prophet. Its origins may be traced back to the teachings of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835-1908), who served as their prophet. His adherents think he was divinely anointed to be the re-inventor of Islamic civilization. They have beliefs that are identical to those of Sunni Muslims, and they likewise consider the Qur’an as their sacred book. Indonesia, South Asia, and West and East Africa have the highest concentrations of Ahmadiyya Muslims, followed by India.


In accordance with Shi’a belief, the bulk of Sufis follow the Islamic path as given by Ali, Muhammad’s successor. Sufism is an Islamic concept that emphasizes on cleansing of the inner-self, despite the fact that it is not formally a sect of Islam. Sufis believe that humans can have a spiritual encounter with God through intuitive and emotional powers that they have developed through years of rigorous study.

This experience does not have to take place in Paradise; rather, it can be had in the real world. Sufism is regarded to be centered in Turkey and Persia, yet it has spread to other countries such as Greece, Albania, and Macedonia, among others.

Strength Of Beliefs

Although not a complete list of the various branches of Islam, the denominations listed above are among the most well-known of them. Islam is a centuries-old religion that is also one of the largest in the world, with a complex set of beliefs and customs. Islamists believe that the objective of human life is to live and thank God in order to one day win admittance into Paradise, regardless of which sect they belong to.

Major Branches Of Islam – Similarities And Differences

Rank Major Branches Of Islam Estimated Global Adherents
1 Sunni 1.39 billion
2 Shi’a 200 million
3 Ahmadiyya 15 million
4 Ibadi 3 million
5 Sufism Widely Disputed

Muslim Sects

The Sunni and Shia sects of Islam are the two main branches of the religion. The following are some of the sub-denominations or other orders within these religions: Ahmadiyya (Alawi), Druze (Hanafi), Ismaili (Jafari), Kharijite (Khalifa), Maliki (Shafi), Sufi (Sufi), Wahabi (Zaidi), and others. There are many distinct Islamic denominations, just as there are many different Christian faiths, but these are the two most important ones practiced by the world’s 1,6 billion Muslims.

Sunni Sect

Sunni Muslims are the majority of Islam’s members, accounting for 85-90 percent of the religion’s population. Since the Shi’is were expelled from the main fold in 661, it has maintained a near-constant position of dominance (the Kharijis left in 658). Islam as defined by the revelations given to Muhammad and his life is considered to be Sunni Islam, which is supported by the fact that Shi’i Islam has had a small following and no meaningful, formal structure for a number of decades. In terms of theology, Sunni Islam is neither more or less of a continuation of Islam than any of the other orientations in the religion.

Due to the fact that Sunni Islam was the religious orientation of the rulers, and that Shi’is had not established administrative organizations for a long period of time, it was necessary to establish a law, known as Shari’a – Seriat (for which the hadiths served as a central source), and that the rulers were Sunni Muslims.

  1. It was once believed that the only way to distinguish Sunni Islam from Shi’i Islam was by devotion to theCaliphas, who was considered the head of the Muslim world.
  2. In terms of key concepts, Sunni and Shi’i Islam are essentially the same: the oneness of God, belief in the revelations of Muhammad, and belief in resurrection on the Day of Judgment (Ashura).
  3. Sunni Islam requires the performance of five prayers every day, but Shi’i Islam requires only three.
  4. Islam’s Sunni adherents admire Ali, but they do not see him as the only legitimate continuation of Muhammad’s legacy, nor do they place any emphasis on him bringing forth a divine light from the Prophet.

While Sunnis place a strong emphasis on the Prophet Muhammad’s practice and teachings (known as the “Sunna”), Shi’a believe that their Ayatollahs are physical manifestations of God on Earth. Turkey’s Sunni population accounts for around 85 percent of the country’s total population.

Shi’i Sect

The Shi’i, the biggest non-Sunni branch of Islam, constitutes around 10-15 percent of the world’s Muslim population in its different forms. As a result of Muhammad’s daughter Fatima becoming Ali’s sister-in-law, Ali became the fourth Caliph, and thus the last to be chosen from the original nucleus of converts from theMecca-Medinaperiod. The term Shi’i refers to the supporters of Ali, who was Muhammad’s son-in-law through his daughter Fatima, and the fourth Caliph to be elected. Shiites, in their different forms, are major minority in countries such as Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Pakistan, and India.

  1. In accordance with Shi’i tradition, the Prophet Muhammad indicated that Ali would be his successor as the leader of Islam while on his deathbed, thereby sowing the seeds of split in the Islamic community.
  2. Ali’s election and rule turned out to be extremely turbulent, and he was assassinated during the fifth year of his reign, which ended his reign.
  3. There were numerous improvements brought about by Muawiyaa’s authority, and the old adherents of Ali served as the basis of the resistance.
  4. Husayn departed Medina for Kufah when Mu’awiyaa died in 680 AD, seeking to stake a claim to the Caliphate and establish himself as the legitimate ruler.
  5. Husayn and his followers waged a desperate struggle against overwhelming odds, and Husayn and many of his supporters were slaughtered as a result of their efforts.

Because the main tenet of the Shi’i faith is the illegitimacy of the Caliphate after Ali, the Shi’i cause drew a large number of supporters from among the disaffected in the Caliphate over the next few centuries, particularly among those who were not of Arab origin and were therefore considered second class citizens.

  • Other than a series of unsuccessful rebellions, the Shi’i played crucial roles in the overthrow of the Ummawiyya dynasty, and the Shi’i Buwayhid, an Iranian dynasty, ruled over the Abbasid Caliphate for more than a hundred years.
  • Both were Shi’a.
  • But the fortunes of the Shi’i were perilous until they were recognized as the official religion of the Safavid kingdom in Persia in the sixteenth century.
  • It has only been during the 16th century that the Twelver Shi’i sect has risen to prominence as the dominant Shi’i sect, developing a unique personality from that of the Sunnimajority.
  • While any of Ali’s descendants, the Alids, were considered suitable candidates to be Shi’i leaders during the first few centuries of the Islamic era, as time progressed, it became increasingly vital for the Shi’i leader to be descended from Ali via Husayn along a certain line.

In today’s Shi’i community, the most significant division is between those who recognize 12 Imams, known as Twelvers, and those who recognize 7, known as Seveners, or more commonly Ismailis, after Ismail, their seventh Imam, and those who differ after the fourth Imam, and who accept any Alid who is learned and who asserts his rule through force of arms, known as Zayyidi.

Other aspects of Shi’i religion that have their origins in Judeo-Christian tradition include the emphasis on the trials of the martyrs (rawda kani) and general exultation over martyrdom, the use of self-flagelation as a part of religious ritual, and the commemoration of the 10 days culminating in the events of Karbala (ta’ziya), which are the central event of the Shi’i calendar and bear significant similarities to the passion of Jesus.

  1. Shi’i innovators include the permitted use of pragmatic dissimulation (taqiyya), which is the denial of religion in public while keeping it in private, as a means of expressing one’s belief in private.
  2. The lady who enters the mut’a is compensated with a certain sum of money.
  3. The Iranian revolution resulted in the restoration of the mut’a system as an integral aspect of Shi’i Muslim practice as a whole.
  4. In order to understand this quandary, it is necessary to consider the techniques by which the early Muslims sought guidance in issues that were not specifically covered by the Koran.
  5. As a result, the Sunni depended on traditions derived from theological and juridical schools, which included parallels drawn from the Koran and Hadith, and, in cases where analogies were not attainable, on the consensus of theologians.
  6. They next acknowledge Ali Zaid l’Abidin’s son, Zayyid, following which they recognize a plethora of Imams who have appeared at various periods and locations throughout history.
  7. The Twelvers and the Ismailis both acknowledge Muhammad al Baqir, and Jafar as Sadiq, following which the Ismailis recognize Jafar’s son Ismail as a legitimate successor.
  8. Musa al Kazim, Ali ar Rida, Muhammad at Taqi, Ali al Hadi, Hassan al Askari, and Muhammad al Mahdi, their last Imam, whom they believe to be concealed, are the Twelvers’ remaining Imams.

The Twelver Shi’i are also known by the names Rafidi, Jafari, Mutawahi, Qizilbash, Imami, Ithna Ashari, and al Khassa, to name a few more names. The Druze, the Nusayri, and the Baha’i are all sects that descended from Shi’i Islam. Shi’i Muslims constitute around 10% of Turkey’s population.

How many Muslim sects are there? – SidmartinBio

73 As recorded in the most often quoted hadith regarding the 73 divisions of the Muslim religion, the Jews are split into 71 factions (firqa), the Christians into 72 sects, and my community will be divided into 73 sects (Ibn Majah, Abu Daud, al-Tirmidhi, and al-Nisa’i), among other sources. The hadith can be found in a variety of different variants as well.

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Are there Muslim tribes?

1 The schism that exists between Shia and Sunni The separation between the two tribes of Islam may be traced all the way back to the year 632, when Muhammad passed away. As a result of their support for the Sunni viewpoint, the Muslim majority continued to grow and expand their territory throughout history, culminating in the Ottoman Empire’s loss in World War I.

What does Islam say about tribes?

According to Chapter 49, verse 13 of Islam’s sacred text, the Quran, “O people! We have compelled you. divisions into countries and tribes, so that you may become acquainted with each other “In God’s eyes, the noblest among you is the one who is the most virtuous.”

What is meant by Shia?

1: Muslims who belong to the branch of Islam that includes groups that believe in Ali and the Imams as the sole legitimate successors to Muhammad, as well as in the hiding and reappearance of the last acknowledged Imam — see sunni.

What are the 3 main sects of Islam?

Islam, like all other global faiths, is divided into various major branches: Sunni, Shi’a, Ibadi, Ahmadiyya, and Sufism, to name a few examples.

What are the 2 sects of Islam?

Following Mohammed’s death in 632, a debate over succession led to the division of Muslims into Islam’s two main factions, Sunni and Shia.

What does Quran 49 13 mean?

(49:13) We, as human beings, Because we formed you all from two genders, we divided you into countries and tribes so that you might get to know one another. According to Allah, the noblest of you is the one who is the most fearful of God, and vice versa. *1 Allah, without a doubt, is All-Knowing and All-Aware.

What is haram in the Quran?

Haram means “forbidden” or “illegal.” Haram is an Arabic phrase that literally translates as “forbidden.” According to the holy writings of the Quran and Sunnah, acts that are haram are forbidden to be carried out. If anything is declared haram, it remains banned regardless of how good the motive or how honorable the aim may appear to be to the observer.

What are the different types of Muslims in the world?

In Arabic, haram means forbidding or illegal. Haram is an Arabic word that literally translates as “forbidden.” According to the holy writings of the Quran and Sunnah, acts that are haram are strictly banned. If anything is declared haram, it remains banned regardless of how good the motive or how honorable the aim may appear to be in the eyes of the community.

How are the tribes of India are classified?

The tribes of India are divided into categories based on their geographical location, language, race, and level of socioeconomic development, among other factors. The tribes of India constitute a significant proportion of the Indian population. According to the 2001 Census of India, the tribal population in India accounts for 8.2 percent of the total Indian population.

What are the four main branches of Islam?

Shia Islam is divided into four primary branches: Sunni Islam, Wahhabi Islam, and Sufi Islam.

There are, however, over 150 other minor sects of Islam in total, as well as the semi-hybrid faith Bahaiism, which makes up the majority of the population. The Sunni and Shia branches of Islam were formed as a result of the first divide in Islam.

What are the four social divisions of Muslims in India?

Ghaus Ansari (1960) identified four broad categories of Muslim social divisions in India, which he labeled as follows: Ashraf, who claim foreign-origin descent from Balochs, Afghans, Arabs, Persians, and Turks, among other groups, e.g., Mughal, Pathan, Sayyid, Converts from upper castes, and so forth.

Sunnis and Shia: Islam’s ancient schism

AP is the source of the image. Caption for the image The pilgrimage to Mecca is one of many rites that both religions practice, and it is one of the most important. The schism that exists between Sunnis and Shias is the greatest and most ancient in Islamic history. Historically, members of the two religions have lived side by side for centuries and have a number of core beliefs and practices in common. However, there are significant differences in philosophy, ritual, law, theology, and religious organization.

Many recent conflicts, ranging from Lebanon and Syria to Iraq and Pakistan, have emphasized the sectarian difference, driving families and communities apart.

Who are the Sunnis?

It is estimated that Sunnis constitute between 85 percent and 90 percent of the world’s more than 1.5 billion Muslims. Sunnis constitute 90 percent or more of the populations of Egypt, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia, respectively, in the Middle East. Getty Images is the source of this image. Caption: Egypt is home to a number of Sunni Muslims. The earliest centers of study in Islam Sunnis consider themselves to be the religiously orthodox branch of Islam. The term “Sunni” comes from the Arabic word “Ahl al-Sunnah,” which translates as “People of the Tradition.” Specifically, the term “tradition” refers to actions that are founded on what the Prophet Muhammad said or did or agreed to or condemned.

Shia are also directed by the wisdom of Muhammad’s descendants, who are represented by Ali, Muhammad’s son-in-law and cousin.

Who are the Shia?

Shia Muslims account for around 10% of the world’s Muslim population, with a global population estimated to be between 154 and 200 million people. AP is the source of the image. Caption for the image The deaths of Ali, Hassan, and Hussein paved the way for the development of the Shia notion of martyrdom. Shia Muslims constitute the majority of the population in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Azerbaijan, and, according to some estimates, Yemen. Shia Muslims are also the majority in Syria. Afghanistan, India, Kuwait, Lebanon, Pakistan, Qatar, Syria, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates are also home to significant Shia populations.

Ali was killed in 661 at the end of a five-year caliphate that had been beset by internal conflict.

While Hassan is supposed to have died from poisoning in 680 at the hands of Muawiyah, the first caliph of the Sunni Umayyad dynasty, Hussein is believed to have been murdered by the Umayyads on the battlefield in 681.

There are three major sects of Shia Islam practiced today: the Zaidis, the Ismailis, and the Ithna Asharis (or Ithna Asharis) (Twelvers or Imamis).

In 878, the 12th Imam, Muhammad al-Mahdi, is reported to have vanished from a cave beneath a mosque, according to legend. It is believed by Ithna Asharis that the so-called “expected imam” did not die, and that he will return to earth at the end of time to restore justice.

What role has sectarianism played in recent crises?

Shia Muslims are disproportionately represented among the weakest elements of society in nations where Sunnis have ruled. They frequently believe that they are the victims of prejudice and injustice. Sunni radicals routinely decry Shia as heretics who should be put to death, and they have a point. AFP is the source of this image. Caption for the image The killing by Saudi Arabia of a famous Shia cleric sparked a diplomatic crisis with Iran, which has since been resolved. A hardline Shia Islamist agenda was initiated by the Iranian revolution of 1979, which was viewed as posing a threat to traditional Sunni countries, notably those in the Persian Gulf.

Many of the battles taking place in the region today have significant sectarian undertones.

While this is happening, Sunni jihadist organizations, especially the Islamic State (IS), have been targeting Shia and their sites of worship in Syria and its neighboring country of Iraq.

The murder sparked a diplomatic crisis with Iran as well as protests across the region.

More on this story

An examination of the division between Sunni or mainstream Islam and the Shi’i sects of Islam is presented in this article. It is possible to practice many varieties of Shi’ism, with the most widespread being the Imami or Twelver branch of Shi’ism, which is practiced by the overwhelming majority of Muslims in Iran, southern Iraq, Azerbaijan, and Lebanon. A historical outline of the division between Sunnis and Shi’ites is provided before the topic of the resurgence of Shi’ism as a political force in contemporary times is raised, beginning with its development as a radical ideology in Iran in 1979 and progressing to the present day.

  1. Sunni, Islam sects, Shi’i, Imami, extremist ideology, Iran, Sunni–Shi’ite division, political instability are some of the keywords that come to mind.
  2. Sami Zubaida is a Professor Emeritus of Politics and Sociology at Birkbeck College, University of London, United Kingdom, and a former member of the British Academy.
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How many sects are there in Shia? What are the differences of their faiths?

Shias are split into 22 sub-sects, each with its own set of rules. These are the ones: 1. The Sabaiyyah Sect is named after Abdullah bin Saba, who was the sect’s founder. The following are the foundations of their beliefs: Ascribing Uluhiyyat (exclusive prayer and obedience to) to Hazrath Ali (as) and his heirs. Their argument is that Hazrath Ali (as) is not death, and that the person who died was a Satan masquerading as Ali (as). Hazrath Ali (as) was exalted to the throne of God. Thunder is his voice, and lightning flashes are the clatter of his scourges.

  1. Another feature of an imam is that he is also a prophet at the same time.
  2. Three-fold Sect: The followers of this sect, who worship and submit to Hazrath Ali (as) and his successors, believe that Hazrath Ali (as) sent Hazrath Mohammad (pbuh) as a messenger from Allah.
  3. 5.
  4. Imams are at a higher position of authority.
  5. 6.
  6. There is no such thing as Hell.
  7. 7.


They think of Allah in the form of a human being, just as the Hashimiyyah Sect.


That is to say, they merged into a single entity.

In supporting the opinion of Hazrath Ali (as), who is said to be a resemblance to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), adherents of the Gurabiyyah Sect allege that Angel Gabriel revealed to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) by mistake.

According to the Zarramiyyah Sect, Imamet was passed down from Ali (as) to his son Mohammad Hanafi, who in turn passed it down to his followers.

Mufavizzah Sect: They are in the dark because they believe that Allah created Prophet Mohammad and that he also created the heavens and the earth and the world.

Badahiyyah Sect: Their condition is far more bizarre than that of the other sects.

17) Banaiyyah Sect: They believe in the unity of Allah and Hazrat Ali and his descendants, just as Nasriyyah Sect does.



Twenty-first, the Garrudiyyah Sect claims that our Prophet’s remarks concerning Imamet obviously pertain to Hazrath Ali (as), and they accuse the Companions of the Prophet of being blasphemers.

It grew into an Empire under the reign of Ubaydullah, who was one of the descendants of ibn-i Meymoon and whose territory stretched from Damascus all the way to Morocco.

(Islamic calendar).

They believe that by distinguishing their imams from other imams, the divine enlightenment has approved of their actions and decisions.

It is their belief that their imams are completely innocent, that they do not make mistakes, and that they do not sin. They are not liable for their actions since they are privy to information that no one else has access to.

Is it true that only one sect of the Ummah will enter paradise whereas the other 70 sects will enter hellfire?

hadith of beloved Prophet Muhammad, the Ummah will be divided into 73 sects and one will go to paradise, how to confirm that what one is following is among the ones who will go to paradise. Please give me the signs of the righteous given in Quran and Sunnah. I want to know it desperately to save my faith and my people. Thank you so much. Anas (may God be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of God (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “My ummahwill divide into 70 or 70 something groups; all of them will be in Jannahexcept for the unbelievers”.Scholarly opinionsIn his book Ahsan At-Taqasim, Mohammed ibn Ahmed Al-Bishari al-Maqdisi enumerated these groups and mentioned the two different phrasings of the hadith which read as “72 groups will be in paradise and one in Hellfire” and “72 groups will be in Hell-fire and one will be saved”. Then, he said: “The second wording of the hadith is well-known while the first has the more authentic chain of transmission.”For this reason, ibn al-Wazir contested the hadith in general and the additional statement of “72 will be in Hell-fire and one will be saved” in particular. This is because not only does the additional phrase result in misguidance among the people of the ummah, but also leads to accusations of kufr.In his book Al-‘Awasim, ibn al-Wazir (may God have mercy on him) spoke about the excellence of this ummah and warned against any involvement in accusing any Muslim of disbelief. He said: “Do not be misled by the”all of them will be in Hell-fire except for one” because it is an invalid and baseless addition and it is not far-fetchedthat it has been introduced by atheists.” He also quoted ibn Hazm who said: “This addition is fabricated, it is neither classified as mawqufnor as marfu’. All the hadiths reported on disparaging the Qadariya, Murji’a and ‘Ash’ariya groups are likewise weak.”Some past and present scholars have refuted this hadith based on its chain of transmission while others based their refutation on its meaning and text. For example, Abu Mohammed ibn Hazm refuted the allegations of those who accuse others of disbelief due to differences in belief and based his refutation on some evidences which they mentioned in this respect. Abu Mohammed mentioned two hadiths used as proof by those who accuse others of disbelief and which they falsely attribute to the Messenger of God (peace and blessings upon him and family). These are:1- “The Qadariya and Murji’a are the magus of this ummah.” 2- “This ummah will divide into 70 or 70 something groups; all of them will be in Hell-fire except one which will be in Jannah.”In his commentary on the two previously mentioned hadiths, Abu Mohammed said: “In the first place, their chains of transmission are unauthentic. Any hadith with an unauthentic ascription cannot be used as proof according to the opinion of the hadith scholars who recognize the hadiths with khabar al-wahid. So, what then of those who do not recognize it!?”In his book Al-‘Awasim wa Al-Qawasim, The Yemeni Jurist, imam and supporter of the sunnah, Mohammed ibn Ibrahim al-Wazir, reconciled intellectual and textual evidences and enumerated the hadiths narrated by Mu’awiyah (may God be pleased with him) including the 8th hadith on the ummah dividing into 70 something groups all of which will be in Hell-fire except for one. He commented: “The chain of transmission of this hadith includes a nasibiand thus the hadith is unauthentic.” At-Tirmidhi reported the same hadith through Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As (may God be pleased with them both) and said: “It is a gharibhadith. At-Tirmidhi mentioned this hadith in the book Iman through al-Ifriqi whose name is Abd al-Rahman ibn Ziyad ibn Abdullah ibn Yazid. Ibn Majah narrated a similar hadith on the authority of ‘Awf ibn Malik and Anas. Abu Mohammed said that all these narrations do not meet the conditions of the hadith Sahih; therefore, Bukhari and Muslim did not record them. At-Tirmidhi authenticated the hadith narrated by Abu Huraira through Mohammed ibn ‘Amr ibn ‘Alqama which does not include “All of them will be in Hellfire except for one “. Ibn Hazm said: “The author of Al-Badr al-Munir mentioned that this additional statement is fabricated.” Commenting on the words of God,… or to confuse yousects and make you taste the violence of one another.Ibn kathir wrote in his Tafsir: “It was reported in a hadith with multiple chains of transmissions that the Prophet (pbuh) said: “This ummah will divide into 73 sects, all of them will be in Hellfire except for one.” Ibn Kathir did not add anything to the hadith and he did not classify it either as authentic or fair although he elaborated on the interpretation of the verse by mentioning the hadiths and non-prophetic narrations related to it.Imam al-Shawkani mentioned ibn Kathir’s opinion on the above hadith and said, “As for the additional phrase “all of them will be in Hell-fire except for one”, some hadith scholars have maintained that it is weak. Ibn Hazm, on the other hand, maintained that it is fabricated.Despite the fact that some scholars have declared this hadith fairlike ibn Hajar or authenticlike Sheikh al-Islam ibn Taymiya due to its multiple chains of transmission, it does not stand as proof on the division of the ummah, both in manner and number, to be considered of permanent application until the day of Judgment. The existence of such sects at any given time, suffices as proof for the authenticity of the hadith. Some of these sects may exist and, when they do, they will be overwhelmed by truth and then perish, never to return. This is exactly what happened to many of such deviant sects, some of which have perished and are no more.This hadith indicates that all of these sects are attributed to the Prophet’s ummah—i.e. Muslims. This is proved by his words: “my ummah will divide” and means that despite their deviation, these sects do not leave the religion of Islam nor are they been omitted from the Muslim community. And the fact that they will be in (Hellfire) does not mean that they will be among its eternal dwellers like the disbelievers but will be dealt with like the disobedient believers. One of the pious believers, angels or Prophets may intercede for them (by the leave of God) or they may have made good deeds or suffered calamities which may obliterate their sins and ward off torture.God may forgive them by His grace and bounty especially if they did their best in arriving at the truth, but failed and deviated from the right path. God has forgiven people of this ummah their mistakes, forgetfulness and anything they were forced to do.
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Who are the saved group? – Islam Question & Answer

Please explain how to distinguish between the organizations that claim to be on the right road and those who do not. We are all aware that Ahlul Sunnah wal jama’ah is the organization that adheres to the path of righteousness. However, there are many Muslims who are unaware of the law on the other organizations, which, as the prophet (PBUH) stated, have begun to spread rapidly in these modern times. This says that there will be many groups 73 sects or whatever number of groups Allah knows how many will exist, and that only one will be on the straight road.

  1. What is the best way to counter their claims?
  2. I would appreciate it if you could offer proof from the Quran and Hadeeth to demonstrate the significant significance of the topic, as the majority of people are unaware of its significance, and we are concerned that new converts would become disoriented among all of these groups.
  3. Allah be praised for his mercies.
  4. “Whoever among you survives after I am gone will witness a great lot of dissension,” the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) remarked in a speech.
  5. Dissent has happened in the realms of politics, as well as in the departments of thinking and ‘aqeedah, as seen by the development of many sects after the end of the era of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, including the Murji’is, the Shi’ah, and the Khawaarij (the Khawaarij are a kind of Shi’ah).

Thus, for the first time in history, the ‘aqeedah of Ahlal-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah, and the ‘aqeedah of the majority of Muslims, was not confused with that of the other, misguided sects, and those sects would not dare to call themselves Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah, but would rather be known by the bid’ah (innovation) When you look at the names of all of the sects, you can understand what I mean.

“Those who came before you of the people of the Book split into seventy-two sects, and this ummah will split into seventy-three sects: seventy-two in Hell, and one in Paradise, and that is the jamaa’ah (main body of Muslims),” it was reported from Mu’aawiyah ibn Abi Sufyaan (may Allaah be pleased with him): “The Messenger of All It was reported by Abu Dawood (4597) and others, and it was classified as saheeh by al-Haakim (1/128), who stated that it is a significant hadeeth that illustrates a fundamental principle.

  1. Takhreejal-Kashshaaf was classified as hasan by Ibn Hajar, who wrote the book (63).
  2. There are several instances of it being referenced and commonly cited as proof by scholars in the books of Sunnah, and it was transmitted to us through a number of the Sahaabah through dozens of different isnaads, the majority of which define the number of sects to be seventy-three.
  3. He also defined them in the following terms: “My ummah will be divided into seventy-three groups, all of whom will be in Hell save one group,” according to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
  4. “(Those who follow) the path that I and my comrades have taken,” he explained.
  5. According to al-‘Iraaqi in Ahkaam al-Qur’aan (3/432), al-‘Iraaqi in Takhreej al-Ihya’ (3/284), and al-Albaani inSaheeh al-Tirmidhi, it is also hasan.
  6. The passage from Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (4/155) comes to an end.
  7. One who adheres to the teachings of the Qur’an, the Sunnah, and scholarly consensus is said to be a member of Ahl al-Sunnahwa’l-Jamaa’ah.

Any person who believes that the Shi’a are the rescued group, or that the deviant Sufis, Khawaarij, or Habashis are the saved group after this is not permitted to believe so.

It is impossible to see Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthmaan, or ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with them) believing in these beliefs for even a single day, let alone by Imam Abu Haneefah, Malik, al-Shafa’i, or Ahmad ibn Hanbal.

Consider the implications of this.

According to Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have compassion on him), the rescued group is referred to as Ahl al-Sunnahwa’l-Jamaa’ah, and they constitute the larger majority and the vast majority of the population.

These organizations are distinguished by the fact that they are in opposition to the Qur’an, the Sunnah, and academic consensus.

Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 3/346).

Another point to mention is that the other sects have been labeled as “misguided and doomedinnovated” by the Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah scholars in their books, and they believe that they are deserving of Hell for the incomprehensible ideas and grave innovations that they have introduced into the religion of Allah.

The Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) explained that, in the same way, those who are hypocrites are inwardly kaafirs, and those who are not hypocrites but rather believe inwardly in Allah and His Messenger are not inwardly kaafirs, even if they are mistaken in their interpretations, regardless of what that mistake is.

That the Qur’aan and Sunnah teach that each of the seventy-two sects is guilty of kufr, which puts one outside the boundaries of Islam, goes against the consensus of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them all), as well as the consensus of the four imams, among others, who have expressed similar views.

Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 7/218).

All of them are considered to be outside the scope of Islam and are not considered to be among the sects named in the hadeeth.

These are regarded as sects because they differ from the saved group on some fundamental issues of religion and basic rules of sharee’ah, rather than on minor issues, because differences on minor issues do not lead to division and factionalism, rather factionalism occurs when there are differences on fundamental issues of Islam, according to Al-Shaatibi (may Allaah have mercy on him).

In the event that some Muslim groups stand out from others due to a specific method of da’wah and working for Islam, but they do not go against Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah in their ‘aqeedah, then they should not be considered doomed groups, but rather they should be considered among the saved groups inshaAllah if they follow the path of the Sahaabah and Taabi’een in their ‘aqeedah More information and facts concerning this topic may be found on our website in a variety of frequently asked questions.

Please read questions 206, 1393, 10121, 10554, 10777, 12761, and 21065 for further information. And Allah is the most knowledgeable.

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