In Which Of The Following Ways Are Christianity And Islam Similar? (Perfect answer)

Both Muslims and most Christians believe Mary was a virgin and that Jesus was born miraculously. Islam and Christianity both ascribe that Jesus Christ was the promised Messiah and did perform miracles. Both Muslims and Christians believe Satan is real and evil and that he tries to make people follow him instead of God.

Contents

What are the similarities between Christianity and Islam quizlet?

Terms in this set (6) Christians believe in both the resurrection and ascension of Jesus. Muslims believe in the sin of Adam and Eve, but not the idea of inherited sins for all. Christians believe all humanity inherited the original sin of Adam and Eve. Both believe in heaven and hell; an eternal life.

What do Christianity and Islam have in common quizlet sociology?

What do christianity and Islam have in common? All of the above: Both believe in a single supreme God. Both share many of the same stories in their central religious text.

In which of the following ways are Christianity and Islam similar quizlet sociology?

In which of the following ways are Christianity and Islam similar? Both include the belief in prophets. Which sociological perspective emphasizes individual religious expression through belief, ritual, and experience? Which of the following is the largest single denomination in the United States?

What are the similarities of Judaism Christianity and Islam?

Aside from being monotheistic belief systems that arose in the Middle East, Christianity, Judaism and Islam have a great deal in common. There are notable similarities in notions of sacrifice, good works, hospitality, peace, justice, pilgrimage, an afterlife and loving God with all one’s heart and soul.

In what ways are Judaism Christianity and Islam alike quizlet?

WHAT ARE THE MAJOR SIMILARITIES BETWEEN JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM? They all come from Abraham and his sons Ishmael and Isaac. They all share the Old Testament. They all believe in God.

What similarities and differences exist between the belief systems of Islam and Christianity quizlet?

What similarities and differences exist between the belief systems of Christianity and Islam? They are both monotheistic religions and believe in the works of the old testament and Jesus. However, Islam thinks of Jesus as a prophet, and not gods sun. They also believe in the prophet Muhammad.

Which of the following statements about the religious experience as defined in the sociological study of religion are true quizlet?

Which of the following statements about the religious experience, as defined in the sociological study of religion, are true? They exhibit a high degree of religious fervor and loyalty. They are often at odds with society. They do not seek to become and established national religion.

Which sociological perspective most emphasizes the ways in which religion helps keep the social system running smoothly?

Conflict Theory Conflict theorists view religion as an institution that helps maintain patterns of social inequality.

How many pillars are essential to the Islamic faith?

The Five Pillars are the core beliefs and practices of Islam: Profession of Faith (shahada). The belief that “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God” is central to Islam.

What is an example of a denomination quizlet?

A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe. EX:An example of denomination is in the Baptist church where they’ve allowed individual churches to have diverse beliefs. Diocese. The basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church.

Which is the important text for followers of Islam quizlet?

The followers of Islam are Muslims. Islam means “peace” and “submission.” The sacred text for Muslims is the Qur’an (or Koran).

In what ways does religion provide a social glue of social integration?

Religion tends to provide a “social glue”, offering purpose and meaning to people’s lives. it gives people certain ultimate values and ends to hold in common with others. the values help society function as an integrated social system.

In what way are Christianity and Judaism similar?

Both Judaism and Christianity make (7) a positive affirmation of the world as the arena of God’s activity, (8) as the place where people have an obligation to act ethically, and (9) which should be redeemed from injustice. Both believe in (10) a future life, as well as a doctrine of resurrection.

How is Islam Similar to Christianity and Judaism?

A qualitative research with persons living with HIV in Belu and Yogyakarta, Indonesia, to determine the cultural and religious factors of HIV transmission N.K. Fauk, P.R. Ward, K.H. Hawke, L.Mwanri.Fauk NK, Ward PR, Hawke K, Mwanri L In PLoS One, on November 15, 2021, the journal published a paper with the title “PLoS One 16(11):e0257906.” doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0257906. eCollection 2021.PMID: 34780506. Sex discrepancies in food consumption over the lifespan: the instance of Lebanon (free PMC publication); The authors, Nasreddine L., Chamieh MC., Ayoub J., Hwalla N., Sibai AM., and Naja F.

NPJ 2020 Mar 26;19(1):24.

Epub 2020 Mar 26 PMID:32216804 (Nutr J.

PMC article available for free download; Gender disparities in diet quality, as well as their socioeconomic patterning, in a nutrition transition environment in the Middle East and North Africa: A cross-sectional research in Tunisia The Nutr J.

  1. doi: 10.1186/s12937-019-0442-6.
  2. Abassi MM, et al.
  3. 2019.
  4. 2017 Feb;56(1):284-293.
  5. Hussain Z, et al.
  6. 2017.PMID:27393703 Obesity in Algerian and Tunisian individuals, as well as its connection with geographic location, gender, and socio-economic determinants, is examined.
  7. Atek; Traissac P; El Ati J; Laid Y; Aounallah-Skhiri H; Mézimèche N; Bougatef S; Béji C; Boutekdjiret L; Martin-Prével Y; Lebcir H; Gartner A; Kolsteren P; Delpeuch F; Ben Romdhane H; Maire B; Atek M; Trais PLoS One.
  8. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075640.
  9. 2013.PMID: 24116063 The article from PMC is completely free.

Beliefs and Common Stories

Beliefs and common stories are two types of stories.

Shared Beliefs of the Abrahamic Religions

The Abrahamic faiths, which include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, are collectively referred to as the Abrahamic religions. A number of conflicts have erupted amongst the Abrahamic religions over the course of the previous several thousand years. Therefore, many people believe that they are fundamentally different, although there are many ideas that are shared by Judaism, Christianity, and Islam that are distinct from one another. The significance of prayer, festivities, generosity, cleanliness, and pilgrimage are just a few of the shared beliefs, rituals, and traditions that people throughout the world hold.

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Abraham

The Abrahamic faiths, which include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, are grouped together. The Abrahamic religions have been at odds with one another for the better part of two thousand years now. The consequence is a widespread assumption that the three religions are diametrically opposed to one another, despite the fact that they share several doctrines in common.

The significance of prayer, festivities, generosity, cleanliness, and pilgrimage are only a few of the common beliefs, rituals, and traditions.

Celebrations

Each Abrahamic religion celebrates a few important holidays throughout the year, which are listed here. The time of these events is determined by the lunar calendar, which is used by both Judaism and Islam. Because a lunar cycle corresponds to the phases of the moon, the celebrations take place at a different time each year. Some Christian feast days are also impacted by the lunar calendar, including the Easter holiday. The Jewish holidays of Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Passover, Shavuot, Sukkot, Chanukkah, and Purim are among the most important.

  • Advent, Christmas, Lent, Good Friday, Easter, and Pentecost are some of the most important Christian holidays.
  • According to both Christianity and Islam, Jesus is a prophet of great significance, and both religions believe that he is the Messiah.
  • When Muslims fast throughout Ramadan, they do so in accordance with the Quran’s instructions.
  • They also place a strong emphasis on forgiveness and specific prayers.
  • The feast day that marks the conclusion of Ramadan is known as Eid al-Fitr.
  • Fasting, which involves abstaining from eating or particular types of food for an extended period of time, is a frequent form of devotion in the Abrahamic religions.
  • Each of the Abrahamic religions contains days of fasting, during which individuals abstain from the essentials of life for a period of remembering — as well as feast days to express gratitude.
  • As part of these events, people are also encouraged to attend special religious services.

Prayer

All religions are united in their belief in the necessity of worshiping God. In the most fundamental sense, prayer is a kind of worship. Each religious tradition provides certain language and conditions for prayer, which must be performed at specific times of the day and in specific places. Public prayer at places of worship is common to all three faiths: for Jews, it takes place on Saturday, for Christians, it takes place on Sunday, and for Muslims, it takes place on Friday, as well as during many holidays throughout year.

Furthermore, the desire to communicate with God is shared by individuals all around the world, regardless of whether they adhere to a specific religious tradition.

In the eyes of the majority of followers of Abrahamic religions, prayers commemorating the passage of time and the passage of time on an annual cycle are among the most essential indications of obedience to God.

Scientific endeavors to develop precise timekeeping and calendars are inspired by such ceremonies as well as by other religions. These efforts have been brought together and shared by Jewish, Christian, and Muslim astronomers in their work.

Charity and Purification

Another prevalent practice in the Abrahamic faith is charitable giving, which can be done as an act of kindness, to assist the destitute, or as a means of making amends for wrongdoing. Similarly, the notion that riches may be purged via giving can be found in all three religions. Before prayer, a Muslim does ceremonial wudu, or washing, as part of his or her religious obligations (circa 1865). Water has also been associated with spiritual importance in the Abrahamic faiths as well. It is a prevalent motif in religious rituals to purify the body before praying and in conjunction with other rites.

Pilgrimage

In addition, the notions of pilgrimage are comparable throughout the three religions. In their quest for enlightenment, adherents of different faiths go to sacred locations. At the church, they ask for forgiveness and work to deepen their relationship with God. Each pilgrimage, on the other hand, takes them to a new location. As one of Islam’s five pillars of religion, Muslims are required to perform a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lives. Visits to the holy land and other sites have been a long-standing practice among Christians.

  • Ethics, practicality, and religious regulations are followed by individuals and communities.
  • Members of the community and its leaders are individuals who have received specialized training in the understanding of their faith as well as in the care of the community and its members.
  • A Rabbi is a religious leader in the Jewish faith.
  • The term literally translates as “my master.” Rabbis lead over Jewish congregations in synagogues, which are halls of worship dedicated to the Jewish faith.
  • Only priests who have been taught, ordained, or initiated are capable of performing some holy tasks of worship for the lay, or ordinary, population.
  • No priesthood, no ordination, no religious hierarchy are recognized in Islamic tradition.
  • Imams can conduct prayers at mosques, which are Muslim halls of worship where men and women can gather together.

The phrase literally translates as “one who is knowledgeable.” Learn more about the common beliefs held by Jews, Christians, and Muslims by visiting this page. Uighur Ulema in the People’s Republic of China (circa 1933).

Comparison Chart – Islam and Christianity

BELIEF ISLAM CHRISTIANITY
God Only one god – called Allah Only one God – a triune being called God or Yahweh
Jesus A prophet who was virgin-born, but not the Son of God Divine son of God who was virgin-born. He is God’s Word and Savior to humanity
Crucifixion Jesus was not crucified. Someone was substituted for Jesus and He hid until He could meet with the disciples A fact of history that is necessary for the atonement of sin and the salvation of believers
Jesus’ Resurrection Since Muslims do not believe in the Crucifixion, there is no need to believe in the Resurrection A fact of history that signifies God’s victory over sin and death
Trinity A blasphemy signifying belief in three gods. In Islam, the Trinity is mistakenly thought to be God, Jesus, and Mary The one God is eternally revealed in three coequal and coeternal persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit
Sin Sin is disobedience to the established law. Sin does not grieve Allah. Sin is rebellion against God. Sin grieves God
Man Man is created by Allah and is sinless Man is created in God’s image and is sinful by nature
Salvation Salvation is achieved by submitting to the will of Allah. There is no assurance of salvation – it is granted by Allah’s mercy alone Salvation is a gift accepted by faith in the atonement of Jesus Christ on the Cross and provided through God’s grace
Bible Muslims accept the Bible (especially the Pentateuch, Psalms, and Gospels) insofar as it agrees with the Qur’an The Bible is the inspired Word of God that is complete and not to be added to
Qur’an (Koran) A later revelation that supersedes and corrects errors in the Bible Not accepted as divine revelation
Muhammad The last in the line of prophets and, therefore, the final authority in spiritual matters Not accepted as a prophet or legitimate theological source
Angels These divine messengers are created from light and are not worshipped. Satan is an angel Angels are defined in the Bible as heavenly servants of God who act as His messengers
Last Days There will be bodily resurrection and final judgment with final destination. All Muslims go to heaven, though some must be purged of their sins first. All infidels are destined for hell There will be bodily resurrection in the last days. Final judgment and eternal destination (heaven or hell) will be decided based on acceptance of Jesus as Savior and His removal of the sin which separates each person from God
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What Christianity and Islam have in common

  • In the midst of the cacophony of opposing voices promoting fear-based politics, this commonality is all too frequently overlooked. Harrison Akins is a graduate research fellow at the University of Tennessee
  • He has a bachelor’s degree in history.
  • There are many individuals today who believe that Islam and Christianity are embroiled in a civilisational war, a viewpoint that has served as a justification for a number of actions implemented by the Trump administration. But this is an erroneous and oversimplified evaluation of the relationship between these two religions, as demonstrated by the previous argument. Rather than engaging in an apocalyptic fight, an understanding of the Islamic faith’s fundamental principles demonstrates respect for Christian beliefs and practices. Islam and Christianity are both derived from the same Abrahamic tradition. Key personalities from the Bible, such as Abraham (Ibrahim), Moses (Musa), Mary (Maryam), and Jesus (Isa), among others, are all revered prophets and figures in Islam, as are key figures from the Bible. The Quran contains a chapter dedicated to Mary, and according to the Quran, Jesus is the only person who is capable of performing miracles. The Christians and Jews are therefore classified inside Islam as “People of the Book,” and their religious traditions as well as their rights were to be completely safeguarded as monotheistic faiths with revelations that were thought to be earlier versions of the identical revelation to the Prophet of Islam. During the early seventh century, a letter of protection from Prophet Muhammad to the Christian monks at St. Catherine’s Monastery in Sinai entrenched the protection that Christian communities were supposed to receive under Islam. Under the terms of this letter, the monks were assured that they would have the right to practice their faith under Islamic authority, and that they would be protected from any unlawful interference or harassment, whether within their own communities or when traveling across the world. Unlike a fight with Christianity, Prophet Muhammad went on to say that “no one shall wield arms against them, but on the contrary, they shall wage war for them.” Specifically, the lyrics of Hafez, the most famous and well-loved of Muslim poets from the 14th century, reflect the reverence that Muslims feel for Jesus in particular. As he puts it in one of the stanzas, he says, “I am a hole in a flute through which the breath of Christ moves/Listen to this song.” Similarly, Ambassador Akbar Ahmed, the former Pakistani Ambassador to the United Kingdom and current Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies at American University, with whom I had the pleasure of working as a researcher, expressed his reverence for Jesus in an interview, saying unequivocally, “For me as a Muslim, Jesus is in Islam the ultimate symbol of compassion, love for humanity, piety, and simplicity.” This type of respect is not only reciprocal, but also reciprocal in nature. In their speeches, even the Founding Fathers of the United States expressed affection for Prophet Muhammad and support for the rights of Muslims in the United States of America. “Serious inquirers for truth,” as John Adams put it, and “a model of compassion for the whole world,” as Franklin put it, were the Prophet’s praises for the Prophet Muhammad. George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, both of whom had a copy of the Quran, laid the groundwork for our country’s founding ideals, which included being open and hospitable to people of all faiths, including Muslims who would be under the “mantle of protection.” As opposed to a civilizational conflict, we are witnessing a situation in which two religions have many commonalities, but this similarity is too frequently lost in the turbulence and noise of opposing voices that promote a politics of fear and separation in their own communities. There have been many problems and conflicts that have unfortunately existed between Christians and Muslims over the centuries, and there will continue to be problems and conflicts because the close relationship and theological bonds have been forgotten under the pressures and priorities of contemporary politics, and they will continue to exist. However, these political disputes do not overshadow the importance of this rich history and religion. The Trump administration and politicians around the country should not be promoting additional conflict between Christianity and Islam under the guise of a “civilizational war” in response to many of the issues and challenges facing Muslims around the world. Instead, they should concentrate on the similarities that exist between these two great world religions in order to collaborate on the resolution of any seemingly insurmountable problems. Exacerbating the hatred and violence that now exists between these two religion communities will do little to alleviate the situation and will make any serious difficulties even more difficult to resolve. At the University of Tennessee’s Baker Center for Public Policy, Harrison Akins is a graduate research fellow in public policy.

In spite of their differences, Jews, Christians and Muslims worship the same God

According to popular belief, Allah is a violent, warlike deity, in contrast to the God of Christianity and Judaism who is viewed as a loving, merciful deity of compassion and kindness. However, despite the obvious variations in the way their religions are practiced, Jews, Christians, and Muslims all worship the same God, according to the Bible. Muhammad, the creator of Islam, considered himself to be the last in a line of prophets that stretched back through Jesus to Moses, beyond him to Abraham, and all the way back to the biblical patriarch Noah.

  1. Consequently, given that Muhammad inherited both Jewish and Christian conceptions of God, it is not unexpected that the God of Muhammad, Jesus and Moses is a complex and ambiguous figure, with qualities such as kindness and compassion, as well as wrath and rage.
  2. Nonetheless, you didn’t want to get on his bad side.
  3. His anger and punishment would fall on those who failed to find the way or, having found it, failed to pursue it in the first place.
  4. Images courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The Torah, according to Jewish tradition, contains the whole revelation of God (the first five books of the Old Testament).
  5. When he instructed Abraham to give his son as a burned sacrifice to God, he went well beyond the call of duty.
  6. 450 prophets of the ancient Canaanite god Baal were slaughtered by Elijah, and he gave his approval.
  7. He cherished Israel in the same way a father cherished his kid.

Hans Meling’s painting, Christ Bestowing His Blessing (1478).

The prayer that Jesus delivered to his followers, on the one hand, talked of a personal God, addressing him as “Father,” while on the other, Jesus spoke of a universal God.

Jesus preached doom and gloom, just as the prophets of the Old Testament had done.

God would appear at the end of history to deliver judgment.

The lucky few would be granted perpetual bliss, while the evil majority would be sent into the endless fires of hell, where they would burn forever.

God would act in the manner of a God of justice at the end of the world.

As a result, God would reward or punish each individual in the gardens of paradise or the fiery depths of hell, depending on their behavior.

Those who had been saved would be rewarded with the pleasures of heaven.

They would be taken directly to heaven.

First and foremost, submission (“islam” in Arabic) to God, adherence to his instructions as revealed in the Quran, and devotion to God’s apostle Muhammad were required for eternal salvation.

When it came to marriage and family law, women, inheritance, food and drink, worship and purity, warfare, punishments for adultery and false charges of adultery, alcohol, and theft, the Quran gave (often contradictory) direction to the believing community.

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Muslims, Christians, and Jews are all devotees of the same complicated deity, Allah.

This is the point at when they came to be together.

The fact that one religion is true while another is false leads to inevitable conflict between believers and nonbelievers, between those who have been chosen and those who have been rejected, between those who are saved and those who have been condemned.

Intolerance and violence are sown in this place. As a result, the God of Muhammad, like the God of Jesus and Moses, is a source of contention both within and within these religions as much as he is a source of unification.

People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam – Video & Lesson Transcript

First, let us consider Judaism, the religion of the Jewish people, as a starting point for our discussion. It is not the largest, but it is without a doubt the most ancient of the three traditions. This ancient religious institution is said to be the world’s oldest structured religious tradition, however the exact date of its establishment is unclear – that is how old it is. It first appears in recorded history around 5000 BCE, with the Torah serving as its primary religious text. To Christians and Muslims, the Torah is a compilation of the writings of Moses, as well as the stories of Abraham, Noah, and many other prophets and persons of great fame, all of whom are well-known to them.

  1. What’s more, Judaism teaches that there is only one deity, along with angels, devils, and other supernatural forces at work in the universe – all of which are beliefs shared by Christians and Muslims alike.
  2. As with the other two religions, God is the only source of forgiveness in Judaism, and only those who pursue the righteous path, those who are obedient to God and his rules, will be admitted to Heaven after death, unlike the other two religions.
  3. Synagogues are the houses of worship in Judaism, and they are also occasionally referred to as temples in popular culture.
  4. Churches in the Christian world and mosques in the Islamic world both have a similar role.

Christianity

Religions are divided into three groups: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Christianity is the largest of the three faiths, with more than 2 billion adherents, and it draws on the traditions that were established in Judaism. Its origins may be traced back to the city of Jerusalem. First and foremost, Christianity, like the other two monotheistic religions, considers itself to be a religion founded on God’s revelation to his creation. According to them, the Torah is the inspired word of God. Furthermore, the primary person in Christianity, Jesus Christ, was a Jew whose name was Yeshua ben Yosef, or Joshua, son of Joseph, and who was born into a family of Jewish people.

Given his Jewish heritage, Jesus would have been well-versed in Jewish customs, laws, and stories from the Torah.

Jesus’s claim to be the Messiah (God incarnate) is the only significant change, and it relies on past traditions found in the Torah to do so.

They think that this messiah will be a powerful religious, political, and social figure in addition to his social role.

So, it is prophesied in the Torah that the messiah will come – it is simply that the Jewish faith does not recognize Jesus as the individual who would bring about the fulfillment of the prophecy.

Islam Fast Facts

(CNN) Take a look at Islam for a moment. Islam is translated as “submission” or “surrender” in several languages. Surrender to Allah’s will – Allah is the Arabic word meaning God.

Beliefs/Practices

Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Abraham, Moses, Noah, David, and Jesus are some of the other prophets that lived throughout this time period.

  1. – The Salat, also known as the Salah, is a daily religious ceremonial prayer performed five times a day.
  2. In the month of Ramadan, a Sawm is a fast that is observed.
  3. The pilgrimage begins on the seventh or eighth day of the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar and concludes on the 12th day of the same month, depending on when you start.
  4. For Muslims, it is the holiest spot in the planet.
  5. Muslims believe that the Quran contains divine words or revelations that serve as the foundation of their faith.
  6. The Quran contains a total of 114 chapters.
  7. A Jihad, according to Islamic traditions, is a fight that is waged while adhering to God’s mandates on a personal level as well as on a communal one.

Muslim Denominations

Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam and is also the most populous. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs (leaders) are the genuine heirs to Muhammad’s position. Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab founded the Wahabi sect in Saudi Arabia, which is made of members of the Tameem tribe who adhere to the stringent orthodox teachings of Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab. The Shiite (or Shia) sect of Islam, the second-largest branch of Islam, believes that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the genuine heirs to Muhammad, and rejects the first three caliphs as unfit for office.

Furthermore, they observe a number of Christian and Zoroastrian holidays in addition to Islamic holidays.

They were well-known for their uncompromising opinions on the Quran’s adherence as well as for their extremist fundamentalist views.

The Nation of Islam is a predominantly African-American religious organization that was formed in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. It is a Sunni sect, as the name suggests. Other Sunni and Shiite sects exist in African and Arab countries, as well as in other parts of the world.

Sharia Law

In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.

Other Facts

Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.

Timeline

Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world. Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.

657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.

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