What Are Islam Beliefs?

Islam Facts Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God, who in Arabic is known as Allah. Followers of Islam aim to live a life of complete submission to Allah. They believe that nothing can happen without Allah’s permission, but humans have free will.

What are the six core beliefs of Islam?

  • The core beliefs of Muslims include the oneness of God, angels, scripture, prophets, judgement day and divine decree. These beliefs are portrayed in the Islamic acts of worship that include a declaration of faith, prayer, acts of charity, fasting and a pilgrimage to Mecca. Of the six major or core beliefs of Islam, the first is the oneness of God.

What are the 6 main beliefs of Islam?

Muslims have six main beliefs.

  • Belief in Allah as the one and only God.
  • Belief in angels.
  • Belief in the holy books.
  • Belief in the Prophets e.g. Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Dawud (David), Isa (Jesus).
  • Belief in the Day of Judgement
  • Belief in Predestination

What are the 7 main beliefs of Islam?

These basic beliefs shape the Islamic way of life.

  • 1 Belief in the Oneness of God.
  • 2 Belief in the Angels of God.
  • 3 Belief in the Revelations (Books) of God.
  • 4 Belief in the Prophets of God.
  • 5 Belief in the Day of Judgment.
  • 6 Belief in Premeasurement (Qadar)
  • 7 Belief in Resurrection after Death.

What are the 5 Islamic beliefs?

The five pillars – the declaration of faith (shahada), prayer (salah), alms-giving (zakat), fasting (sawm) and pilgrimage (hajj) – constitute the basic norms of Islamic practice.

What are 3 Islamic beliefs?

The orthopraxy of Islam is a declaration of faith: the statement that there is no God but God; that Muhammad is the messenger of God; the five-time daily prayer; the giving of alms, typically 2.5 percent of one’s income or assets; the fasting of the month of Ramadan; and the going to pilgrimage, or hajj, once in one’s

What is the main message of the Quran?

The central theme of the Quran is monotheism. God is depicted as living, eternal, omniscient and omnipotent (see, e.g., Quran 2:20, 2:29, 2:255). God’s omnipotence appears above all in his power to create.

How does the Quran differ from the Bible?

The Bible is for the Christians and the Jews while the Quran is for the Muslims. The Bible is a collection of writings from different authors while the Quran is a recitation from its one and only prophet, Muhammad. Both the Bible and the Quran are guides of its believers towards spirituality and moral righteousness.

What does the Quran teach us?

Here is what the Quranic verses teach us about behaving:

  • Respect People Of All Faiths And Beliefs.
  • We Must Not Be Proud.
  • Do Not Eat And Drink In Excessive Amount.
  • Keep Fighting And Striving For What You Wish To Achieve.
  • Stay Away From Corruption.
  • Honoring Guests.
  • Speak Kindly When Speaking To The Needy.

What is Islam based on?

The basis for Islamic doctrine is found in the Qur’an (Koran). Muslims believe the Qur’an is the word of God, spoken by the angel Gabriel to Muhammad. The Qur’an was only in oral form while Muhammad was living, which means it was constantly interpreted by Muhammad and his disciples.

What Islam teaches us about respect?

“Islam is a religion of peace and love. Islam teaches us to respect people of different races and beliefs,” he wrote. “I live in a state with various races and religions, and I was taught by my forefathers to respect all of them.”

Can Muslims smoke?

A tobacco fatwa is a fatwa (Islamic legal pronouncement) that prohibits the usage of tobacco by Muslims. All contemporary rulings condemn smoking as potentially harmful or prohibit (haram) smoking outright as a result of the severe health damage that it causes.

What can Muslims not eat?

A Muslim does not eat generally available meat or food that contains animal fats, in case it contains pork fat or fat from other animals not ritually slaughtered. Fish and eggs must be kept strictly separate from meat during preparation.

What do Muslims believe about God?

Belief in the Oneness of God: Muslims believe that God is the creator of all things, and that God is all-powerful and all-knowing. God has no offspring, no race, no gender, no body, and is unaffected by the characteristics of human life.

What do Muslims do?

The Islamic faith These are professing one’s faith; praying five times a day; giving zakat, or donating a certain portion of one’s wealth; fasting during Ramadan; and making a pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Each of these pillars is an important part of being Muslim.

Can Muslims drink alcohol?

Although alcohol is generally considered to be haraam (forbidden) in Islam, only the most conservative countries actually impose a legal ban on it.


Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century CE propagated Islam, which is a prominent international religion. The Arabic termislam, which literally translates as “submission,” illustrates the essential theological notion of Islam: that the believer (also known as a Muslim, from the active component ofislam) accepts surrender to the will ofAllah (in Arabic, Allah is translated as “God”). According to Islam, Allah is the one God, who is the creator, sustainer, and restorer of the universe.

In Islam, Muhammad is regarded as the final prophet in a line of prophets that includes Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Solomon, and Jesus, and his teaching both summarizes and completes the “revelations” credited to preceding prophets, according to Islamic tradition.

By the beginning of the twenty-first century, there were more than 1.5 billion Muslims in the globe.

Britannica QuizIslam What is your level of knowledge about the Prophet Muhammad?

With this quiz, you may see how well you know about Islam.

The history of the numerous peoples who have adopted Islam is also discussed in the article Islamic world.

The foundations of Islam

When Islam was first introduced to the world, Muhammad instilled in his followers an understanding of brotherhood as well as a shared commitment to their faith. These qualities contributed to the development among his followers of a strong sense of closeness that was heightened by their experiences of persecution as a fledgling community in Mecca. It was only through a deep devotion to the teachings of the Qur’anic revelation and the evident socioeconomic substance of Islamic religious activities that this bond of faith could be strengthened.

The religion of Islam developed its distinctive ethos during this early period, as a religion that encompassed both the spiritual and temporal aspects of life, and that sought to regulate not only the individual’s relationship with God (through conscience), but also human relationships in a social setting.

Select Muslim intellectuals did not differentiate between the religious (private) and the secular (public) until the twentieth century, and only in some countries, such as Turkey, was the distinction formalized.

This dual religious and social character of Islam, which manifests itself in one way as a religious community commissioned by God to bring its own value system to the world through theji After the Prophet’s death in 632ce, they had placed a huge portion of the world under the control of a new ArabMuslim empire, stretching from Spain to Central Asia and India.

  • Islam’s fundamental equality within the community of the faithful, as well as its explicit discrimination against adherents of other religions, attracted a large number of recruits quickly.
  • They were, however, obligated to pay a per capita tax known as jizyah, as contrast to pagans, who were forced to either adopt Islam or die as a result of their refusal.
  • During the period after the 12th century, the Sufis (Muslim mystics) were largely responsible for the spread of Islam in India, Central Asia, Turkey, and sub-Saharan Africa, as well as other parts of the world (see below).
  • Islam was brought to Indonesia in the 14th century, but it had little time to establish a political foothold in the country before the region fell under the control of the Dutch.
  • All elements of Muslim society, on the other hand, are united by a shared religious belief and a sense of belonging to a single community of believers.

In the mid-20th century, the religion of Islam aided many Muslim peoples across their quest for political independence, and the oneness of Islam led to subsequent political solidarity in the world.

Sources of Islamic doctrinal and social views

In Islamic theology, law, and thinking in general, four sources, or essential principles (ul), are relied upon: (1) the Qur’an, (2) the Sunnah (or “Traditions”), (3) the Ijma (or “consensus”), and (4) the Ijtihd (or “individual thought”). Known as the Qur’an (literally, “reading” or “recitation”), it is said to be the verbatimword, or speech, of God, as given to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel. It is the most important source of Islamic doctrine since it is divided into 114 suras (chapters) of varying length.

  • The suras revealed at Medina at a later stage in the Prophet’s life are primarily concerned with social law and the political-moral principles that should guide the formation and organization of the community.
  • Photograph by Orhan Am/Fotolia Pre-Islamic Arabs used the term sunnah (which means “a well-trodden road”) to refer to their tribe or common law systems.
  • Six of these compilations, which were collected in the 3rd centuryah (9th centuryce), came to be considered as particularly authoritative by the Sunnis, who constitute the majority of Islam’s population.
  • To unify legal theory and practice, as well as to remove individual and regional variations of opinion, the doctrine ofijm, also known as orconsensus, was established in the 2nd centuryah (eighth centuryce).
  • The concept of Ahijm has existed since the 3rd century and has come to represent a principle of stability in thought; topics on which consensus had been established in practice were deemed closed, and any further meaningful questioning of them was forbidden.

Finding the legal or doctrinal answer to a new situation necessitated the use of the word ijtihd, which means “to endeavor” or “to exert effort.” During the early period of Islamic history, becauseijtihd took the form of individual opinion (ray), there was an abundance of contradictory and chaotic viewpoints to choose from.

While the “gate ofijtihd” in Sunni Islam was effectively closed by the turning of Ijm into a conservative mechanism and the adoption of a final collection of Hadith, the “gate ofijtihd” remained open in Shi’ism.

The Qur’an and Hadith are studied in further detail below. It will be addressed below in the frameworks of Islamictheology, philosophy, and law what the importance of Ijm and Ijtih is.

Islam: Basic Beliefs

Islam is a monotheistic religion that is based on the belief in a single God (Allah). According to this view, it has certain beliefs in common with those of Judaism and Christianity in that it traces its origins back to the patriarch Abraham, and ultimately to the first prophet Adam. Throughout history, prophets have taught the same universal message of faith in a single God and charity toward one another. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the lineage of prophets that began with Adam and ended with Moses.

  • He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a trader.
  • The people were worshipping a plethora of gods and had lost sight of the prophet Abraham’s warning that they should only serve one God.
  • It was during one of these occurrences, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, that he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril (Gabriel).
  • In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah, rather than gratifying themselves.
  • Muslims constitute 1.2 billion people worldwide, with 7 million living in the United States.
  • Indonesia and India have the greatest Muslim populations of any of the countries in the world.
  • Despite the fact that they hold similar fundamental principles, they disagree on who should be the legitimate head of Islam following Muhammad’s death.
  • “Allah” is just the Arabic word for God, and it means “God.” He is the same God who is adored by people of all religions and who is the same global God.
  • Furthermore, “Allah” does not have a plural form.
  • Muslim belief in a single God lies at the heart of their monotheistic faith (Allah). By tracing its roots back to the patriarch Abraham, and eventually to the first prophet, Adam, it shares some beliefs with both Judaism and Christianity in this respect. A common message of belief in one God and goodwill to one’s fellow man was conveyed by all the prophets throughout history. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the line of prophets. Prophet Muhammad was born in the Saudi Arabian city of Mecca about the year 570CE. He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a merchant in the city of Athens. he was dissatisfied with the people in his immediate environment as a result of superstitions, social and economic injustices A large number of gods were being worshipped, and the teaching of prophet Abraham, that only one God should be worshipped, had been lost among the people. Mountain prayer and meditation were two of Muhammad’s favorite pastimes. During one of such times, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril, who appeared to him (Gabriel). Over the course of his life, he continued to receive messages from God, and he began to share what he had discovered with others. In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah rather than gratifying themselves. Initially, Islam grew fast over Arabia and its surrounding nations, before spreading throughout the entire world. 1.2 billion Muslims live around the world, with 7 million of them residing inside our borders. In the Middle East, Arabs constitute just roughly 18 percent of the Muslim population. It is Indonesia and India, respectively, that have the greatest Muslim populations. Islam is divided into two fundamental groups: Sunnis (who account for around 80 percent of the world’s Muslims) and Shi’ites (who account for approximately 20 percent of the world’s Muslims). Their fundamental principles are similar, but their opinions differ on who should be the true head of Islam following Muhammad’s passing. Muslims adhere to the Islamic faith, which is defined by the Arabic term Islam as “submission, commitment, and peace.” Consequently, Islam may be characterized as a road leading to perfect serenity via voluntary obedience to the will of Allah (the Creator). Simply said, “Allah” means “God” in the Arabic language. The same global God is worshipped by people of all faiths and is known as the Creator of the universe. Because it is neither masculine nor feminine, the term “Allah” is frequently favored over the term “God.” Furthermore, the word “Allah” does not have a plural. Islam is based on six fundamental principles: 1.
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These are practical guidelines for putting Muslim principles into practice on a daily basis, including:

  • Declaring one’s confidence in Allah and Muhammad as His prophet or message (shahadah) is a way of bearing testimony or testifying that there is only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is His prophet or messenger. Salat (ritual prayer)—the five daily prayers are conducted at various times throughout the day, including sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. The prayers are offered in the Arabic language and with the direction of Mecca as their focus. Giving 2.5 percent of one’s wealth to the poor and needy is known as zakah (alms tax) in Islam. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, known as Ramadan, is marked by fasting during daylight hours by Muslims across the world. The goal is to remind individuals of the goodness of what they have and to demonstrate equality with those who are less fortunate than they are. In Islam, the month of Ramadan is a time for study and self-discipline. Performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) in Mecca to the Ka’bah is considered obligatory for Muslims at least once throughout their lives. Several scholars think that Ibrahim (Abraham) and one of his sons were responsible for the construction of the Ka’bah. Muhammad restored it as a place of devotion for Allah. As a result, Muslims consider it to be a particularly sacred location.

Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.

Every day, they read a portion of it. According to Islam, the Sunnah is a written record of Muhammad’s words and actions. The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran. It also contains guidance on matters like as belief, worship, and behavior.

Teachers Guide – Muslims

  • Welcome to the site
  • Discussion and activities
  • Glossary
  • Beliefs and Daily Lives of Muslims
  • Beliefs of Muslims
  • Major Practices/Duties of Muslims
  • Muslims’ Day-to-Day Lives
  • The Position of Women in Islam
  • The History of Islam

Islam emphasizes the necessity of both belief and practice, stating that one is insufficient without the other in order to be successful (except for some Sufis). According to the Quran and Sunnah, the following six beliefs are universally believed by Muslims, and they are as follows: Six Fundamental Beliefs

  • Islamic teaching emphasizes the necessity of both belief and behavior
  • One without the other is inadequate (except for some Sufis). In accordance with the teachings of the Quran and hadith, the following six beliefs are widely believed among Muslims. Major Beliefs: Six Fundamental Principles

Muslims are expected to put their religious ideas into action by participating in specific acts of devotion. Because adherence to religious commitments and practices is a matter of personal choice in all religions, some adhere to them more strictly than others. This is true of all faiths, and it is true of all religions. Islam’s five pillars, or acts of worship, are as follows:

  • The Declaration of Faith (shahada): The first act of worship is the proclamation that “There is no god besides God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God,” which is the first act of worship. During their prayers, Muslims repeat this sentence several times throughout the day. If someone wishes to become a Muslim, he or she must make this confession of faith as a means of gaining admission to Islam. In Islam, prayer (salat) is prescribed five times a day: at dawn, noon, late afternoon, sunset and night. It is a quick prayer or ritual worship performed five times a day. ablution is performed before prayer by Muslims and consists of a brief required washing of the hands, mouth, nose, face, arms, and feet. One may worship alone or in a group in any clean area, including a mosque, and no special permission is required. Friday’s midday prayer is very important to Muslims, and it should be performed at a mosque if at all feasible. When Muslims pray, they turn their heads in the direction of Mecca. Muslims are expected to contribute to the poor and in need as part of their religious obligations (zakat). Islam imposes a required charitable contribution, known as zakat, that is calculated on the basis of two and a half percent of one’s income and assets. Apart from the mandated charity, Muslims are urged to contribute as much as they can to voluntary charity throughout the year. Fasting (sawm): During the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the lunar calendar, Muslims are obligated to fast from sunrise to sunset. Evenings are spent mingling with friends and family for a joyous breaking of the fast. When Muslims fast, they abstain from eating, drinking, and engaging in sexual behavior. During Ramadan, Muslims are also expected to refrain from engaging in bad behaviors such as lying, gossiping, petty fights, and having negative thoughts or acting in a negative manner, such as being furious. Muslims are expected to begin fasting when they reach the age of puberty, while some younger children may also participate. When unwell, on the road or in a foreign country, menstruating, pregnant or breastfeeding, or otherwise unable to fast, people may break their fast and make up the days later in the year. In order to avoid fasting, the elderly and individuals with disabilities are exempted from doing so. Ramadan was the month in which Muhammad received the revelation of the Quran, which began in the month of Ramadan. As a result, Muslims are urged to read the Quran throughout this month, and many people congregate in mosques in the evenings to listen to recitations from the Quran during this month. Eid al-Fitr (pronounced “eed’ al fi’-ter”), also known as the “Festival of the Fast-Breaking,” is one of the most important Muslim holidays. It commemorates the end of the Ramadan fast and is celebrated on the first day of the month following Ramadan. Celebration, prayers, feasts, and gift-giving are all part of the agenda on this day. In order to be considered a Muslim, one must undertake the journey to Mecca, situated in Saudi Arabia. If one is financially and physically capable, one must do the trip at least once in their lifetime. Mecca is the site of the Kaaba, the world’s first place of worship dedicated to God, which is supposed to have been constructed by the prophet Abraham and his son Ishmael. When Muslims pray, they all turn their faces towards the Kaaba, the House of Allah. On their way to worship God, Muslims from all over the world put aside all external signs of their social standing and material prosperity. During the trip, all outward signs of social standing and material wealth are removed. In their communities, Muslims who have completed the journey are referred to as “Hajji,” and when they return, they are met with a great deal of joy and reverence. Eid al-Adha (pronounced eed’ al-ad’-ha), also known as the “Festival of Sacrifice,” is the second most important feast in Islam. On the tenth day of the month, after the completion of the journey, all Muslims gather to worship, feast, exchange presents, and offer a sacrifice of an animal to commemorate the occasion (usually a lamb or goat). The meat is given out to family members, friends, and others in need

Islam offers a plethora of laws for daily living as well as for interpersonal interactions. The Quran is the primary source of these principles, while the hadith, or records of the prophet Muhammad’s words or acts, is the second source of these laws.

  • Prohibitions: In Islam, anything that is deemed detrimental to the body, the mind, the soul, or society is banned (haram), but everything that is regarded good is permitted (halal) (halal). Muslims are not permitted to consume pork, alcohol, or mind-altering substances, according to Islamic law. Muslims are obligated to consume meat that has been killed and sanctified in accordance with Islamic principles. This type of meat is referred to as “halal.” Islam also prohibits Muslims from participating in sexual activity outside of marriage, disobeying parents, mistreating relatives or orphans, or assaulting or oppressing others. Religion and the role of clergy: In Islam, there is no hierarchy of clergy, and Muslim religious leaders do not have the authority to absolve individuals of their crimes. Every person has a direct and unmediated contact with God, with no need for a mediator. There are religious leaders or scholars, referred to as ulema, who have studied and are specialists in many parts of Islam, such as Sharia law, hadith, and Quranic recitation, among other things. The fact that Islam does not have a unified authority is also crucial to highlight
  • As a result, there exist discrepancies among Muslim academics. The process of becoming a Muslim is facilitated by Muslims being urged to share their beliefs with others. Muslims, on the other hand, are cautioned from attacking the views of others or engaging in confrontations or arguments regarding religious topics. Conversion does not take place in a formal ceremony. To become an Islamic convert, all one needs to do is believe in and utter the shahada.

Contrary to how Muslim women’s rights and privileges are portrayed in popular culture, Islam grants women a wide range of rights, including the right to inherit, to work outside the house, and to receive an education. These rights are frequently infringed, as they are in all cultures and groups. That which results from the junction of Islam with existing cultural norms, which may be indicative of male-dominated civilizations, is what we are seeing. In Muslim societies, women frequently wield significant power in the home, the job, the religion, and society as a whole, among other things.

  • Marriage: Because men and women are not authorized to date in some Muslim nations, parents arrange weddings for their children. The ultimate choice, however, is left to the discretion of the prospective couple. The majority of potential spouses in Western nations meet in a family environment or in a public area, and they frequently pick their partner on their own, though many still seek their parents’ approval. When two people are married in Islam, they are agreeing to live together in accordance with Islamic principles and to raise their offspring in the same religion as they were raised. According to Islamic law, a man is solely responsible for providing for the financial requirements of his wife and their children. A woman’s earnings are hers to spend as she pleases, yet she may opt to contribute to the household’s costs if she so desires. Although Islam authorizes males to engage in polygamy, it is an exception rather than the rule, and it is subject to the stipulation that a man must treat all of his wives in an equal manner. In light of the Quran’s prohibition on a man treating more than one wife equally, many Muslims believe that polygamy is prohibited. Familial Relationships: In Islam, the family is believed to be of utmost importance. The Muslim family is comprised of the whole circle of familial ties, including in-laws, as well as the immediate family. The importance of obligations to one’s parents and other relatives is extensively emphasized. Extended family members frequently reside in the same house or neighborhood, and even when they do not, the family is extremely close on a psychological level. The Public Sphere: Muslim women are free to engage in all aspects of public life so long as their modesty is not compromised. Muslim women have the right to an education, the right to work outside the house, and the opportunity to make a positive contribution to society. Because of the effect that mothers have on their children, it is even more critical that women have an education. Both men and women are required to display oneself in a modest way, with the emphasis on the word “modesty.” The purpose of wearing a hijab or covering, for example, is to prevent women’s sexuality from being a source of temptation or interfering with their relationships with males. Many Muslim women believe that wearing hijab allows them to be free of the male gaze. Men are likewise expected to conduct themselves and dress modestly. Women’s and men’s attire differs from one culture to the next, as well as according to individual views. Relationships between men and women include the following: Islam dictates that Muslim men and women conduct themselves in a modest manner in their contacts with one another. Prior to marriage, Muslim men and women should treat each other as brothers and sisters, and they should avoid any relationship that might lead to sexual or romantic engagement. However, despite the fact that Westernized notions frequently have an impact on this restriction, Islam insists that both men and women remain pure until marriage.
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Six Major Beliefs In Islam

Marriage:In certain Muslim nations, parents arrange weddings since men and women are not permitted to date. Final say, though, will be with the aforementioned potential pair. The majority of potential spouses in Western nations meet in a family environment or in a public area, and they frequently pick their partner on their own, albeit many still seek their parents’ consent. When two people get married in Islam, they are agreeing to live together in accordance with Islamic principles and to raise their children in the same religion as they were married.

  • Earnings are solely for the benefit of the woman, although she may opt to contribute toward the household’s costs if she so desires.
  • Many Muslims believe that polygamy is prohibited because the Quran states that no man may treat more than one woman equally.
  • According to Islam, the term “family” refers to the complete circle of familial connections, which may include in-laws.
  • Extended family members frequently reside in the same house or neighborhood, and even when they do not, the family is extremely close on a psychological level; Muslims are permitted to engage in all aspects of public life as long as their modesty is not jeopardized in the process.

It becomes much more critical for women to have an education as a result of their effect on their children; Both men and women are required to display themselves in a modest way, with the emphasis on the word “modest.” Using a hijab or covering, for example, is intended to prevent women’s sexuality from being a source of temptation or interfering with their relationships with males.

Modesty in behavior and attire is also demanded of men.

Intimate Relationships Between Men and Women Islam dictates that Muslim men and women conduct themselves in a modest manner in their relationships with one other.

Despite the fact that Westernized beliefs frequently have an impact on this ban, Islam mandates that both men and women remain chaste until they marry.

  1. Religion of Islam is based on the belief in the oneness of God. Muslims believe that God is the creator of everything, as well as being both all-powerful and all-knowing. Unlike humans, God does not have progeny and is not impacted by the features of human existence. He has no race, no gender, and no physical body. Muslims believe in angels, who are invisible entities who serve God and carry out God’s commands across the cosmos. When the prophets received the holy revelation through the angel Gabriel, they were ecstatic. Believe in the Books of God: Muslims believe that God revealed holy books or scriptures to a number of God’s messengers, and that these holy books or scriptures are still in existence today. These include the Quran (which was delivered to Muhammad), the Torah (which was given to Moses), the Gospel (which was given to Jesus), the Psalms (which were given to David), and the Scrolls (which were provided to Moses) (given to Abraham). Muslims believe that these preceding writings were divinely revealed in their original form, but that only the Quran has survived in the form in which it was initially revealed to the prophet Muhammad
  2. And Believe in the Prophets or Messengers of God: Muslims believe that God’s direction has been revealed throughout history via specifically designated messengers, or prophets, who have been sent by God. The first man, Adam, is believed to be the first prophet. There are twenty-five of these prophets who are specifically addressed by name in the Quran. These include Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Muslims believe that Muhammad is the final prophet in this series of prophets, who was sent to bring the message of Islam to all of humanity. Humans will be evaluated for their acts in this life on the Day of Judgment, according to Muslims. Those who accepted God’s advice will be rewarded with paradise, while those who rejected God’s counsel will be punished with hell, according to Muslims. Belief in the Divine Decree (or Divine Will): Specifically, the topic of God’s will is addressed in this article of faith. If one believes that everything is regulated by divine decree, this means that everything occurs in one’s life is preordained, and that believers should respond to the good or terrible things that happen in their lives with thanksgiving or patience, then they are practicing the religion of Islam. As previously stated, this idea does not contradict the concept of “free will,” because humans do not have prior knowledge of God’s decree, they do have the ability to choose their own decisions.

What do Muslims believe and do? Understanding the 5 pillars of Islam

A series of articles by Senior Religion and Ethics Editor Kalpana Jain, available on our website or as six emails delivered every other day, is available for those who want to learn more about Islam. The articles are written by Kalpana Jain, who is also the Senior Religion and Ethics Editor at The Conversation. Over the last few years, she has commissioned scores of papers about Islam authored by academics, which have appeared in scholarly journals. All of the pieces in this collection are drawn from that repository and have been reviewed for correctness by religious academics.

It was a kind gesture, and I appreciated it.

Even though I learned about a variety of cultural rituals through these interactions, as someone who is not religiously affiliated with the Islamic faith, I did not have a thorough understanding of the Islamic faith until I began reading the writings of our scholars in my role as ethics and religion editor.

Prophet Muhammad is the most venerated of all persons in the eyes of Muslims.

He is believed to have received direct revelations from God through the archangel Gabriel.

God is referred to as Allah in the Quran, which is the Arabic term for the word “God.” Muslims are divided into many distinct sects – some of which you may be familiar with, such as Sunni and Shiite – but they all adhere to the same set of core principles.

The Islamic faith

The Islamic religion is founded on five pillars, which are also known as fundamental tenets. Undertaking a public profession of faith, praying five times a day, contributing to charity (zakat), fasting during Ramadan, and making a trip to Mecca in Saudi Arabia are all examples of Islam’s requirements for believers. Each of these pillars is a critical component of being a Muslim in today’s world. According to scholarRose Aslan, “Many Muslims plan their days around the call to prayer, and others halt what they are doing at the call to prayer and make supplications to Allah.” Minarets in nations such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and India are equipped with speakers that broadcast the call to prayer to the whole population.

  1. Muslims worship in the direction of Mecca, which is located in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  2. Many Muslims, according to scholars, benefit from the practice of prayer because it allows them to have a personal relationship with God.
  3. UmmSqueaky/Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works The five-day pilgrimage to the Great Mosque of Mecca and the surrounding area is a requirement for all Muslims who have the “physical and financial ability” to make the journey.
  4. The Holy Kaaba, a cube-shaped building made of black marble, is located within the Great Mosque of Mecca.
  5. Islam narrates the narrative of Ibrahim, who decided to sacrifice his son Ismail when God told him to do so in the Quran.

KEN CHITWOOD, a scholar at the University of Cambridge, says that Muslims believe the Kaaba contains the black stone upon which Ibrahim was to sacrifice Ismail. The journey comes to a close with Eid al-Adha, often known as the “feast of the sacrifice.”

Fasts and feasts

If you have heard or seen your Muslim neighbors fasting, it is most likely because they are participating in Ramadan celebrations. In the month of Ramadan, Muslims believe that the Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad for the very first time. It is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and lasts either 29 or 30 days, depending on when it falls. During Ramadan, Muslims keep a fast from dawn to sunset each day, which means they awaken early in the morning to share meals with one another before the sun appears and conclude the fast in the late afternoon or evening.

  1. The dates are determined by the visibility of the new crescent moon.
  2. It is also intended to assist kids in comprehending what it is like to be impoverished.
  3. The term “Iftaar” (meaning “breakfast”) refers to big feasts held by Muslim communities to commemorate the breaking of the fast.
  4. In India, I’ve been to a number of Iftaar celebrations.
  5. In many South Asian nations, sewain is given out to friends and neighbors as a form of socialization.
  6. For the sake of accuracy, Ken Chitwood, a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Berlin Graduate School of Muslim Cultures and Societies at Freie Universität Berlin, has examined and approved this article.
  7. Fact: Bilal Ibn Rabah, the son of an enslaved Abyssinian lady, was the first Muslim to ever utter the call to prayer, which took place in the city of Medina during the seventh century.
  8. The following is an excerpt from an essay published by Rose Aslan, Assistant Professor of Religion at California Lutheran University.
  9. In the following issue: What exactly is an American Muslim?

Articles from The Conversation in this edition:

  • Providing an explanation of the Muslim pilgrimage of Hajj
  • When it comes to Islam, what exactly does Friday prayer mean? Answers to six frequently asked questions on why Ramadan is observed. On the occasion of Eid 2017, we take a look inside the life of Puerto Rican Muslims.

Further Reading and Resources:

  • In the Institute of Social Policy and Understanding (ISPU), research is conducted to assist journalists and others in better understanding the lives of American Muslims. “Islam: An Introduction,” written by Annemarie Schimmel, is a good read. A thorough introduction to Islam written by a renowned Islamic scholar who taught at Harvard University from 1967 to 1992

BBC – Religions – Islam: Basic articles of faith

The Institute of Social Policy and Understanding (ISPU) conducts studies to assist journalists and others in better understanding the lives of American Muslims; and According to Annemarie Schimmel’s “Islam: An Introduction,” A thorough introduction to Islam written by a renowned Islamic scholar who served as a professor at Harvard University from 1967 until 1992;

Basic articles of faith

Muslims have six fundamental principles.

  • Allah as the one and only God
  • Belief in angels
  • Belief in sacred texts
  • Belief in the Prophets
  • And many other beliefs
  • Among the prophets are Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Moses (Moses), Dawud (David), and Isa (Jesus). Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the ultimate prophet.
  • The day when every human being’s life will be evaluated in order to determine whether or not they will go to paradise or hell
  • That Allah is fully aware of all that will take place
  • Muslims believe that this does not prevent human people from making their own decisions.


Muslim believe that Allah is the name that they should use for the highest and unique God who created and controls over all things. For all Muslims, submission to Allah’s will is at the center of their religious beliefs.

  • Allah has existed and will continue to exist indefinitely. Allah is aware of all that is known to him. Allah is capable of doing whatever that is possible.
  • Allah cannot be seen
  • Allah cannot be heard
  • Allah is impenetrable. Allah is neither male nor female
  • He is one and the same.
  • Allah is just in his rewards and punishments
  • But, Allah is also kind.
  • Praying and reciting the Qur’an are two ways in which a believer might approach Allah. Muslims have just one deity to worship: Allah.
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The one and only God

Praying and reciting the Qur’an are two ways in which a believer might reach Allah. Only Allah is revered by Muslims.

  • There is just one God
  • God has no offspring, no parents, and no partners
  • God is the lone being in the universe. God was not formed by a being
  • Rather, God created a being. There are no Gods who are equal, superior, or inferior to one another.

Islam Fast Facts

Single one God exists; God has no offspring, nor does he have parents, nor does he have partners; God is the only being in existence. Neither a creature nor a god created God; No Gods are equal, superior, or inferior to one another; there are no Gods with varying degrees of might.


Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Muslims, the adherents of Islam, believe in a single God, Allah, and that Muhammad was his prophet.

Muslim Denominations

Muslims, who are Islam’s adherents, believe in a single God, Allah, and that Muhammad was his prophet. The first prophet, according to them, was Adam, according to the Old Testament of the Bible.

Sharia Law

In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.

Other Facts

Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.


Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world.

Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.

The Quran is a book that contains the teachings and sayings that were revealed to Muhammad between 650 and 652 AD. 657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.

What is Islam, and what do Muslims believe?

QuestionAnswer Islam is a religion system that was founded by Muhammad in the seventh century. Muslims adhere to the teachings of the Qur’an and make every effort to uphold the Five Pillars of Islam. The Islamic Civilization: A Historical Overview Muhammad claimed to have received a visit from the angel Gabriel in the seventh century. During these heavenly visitations, which lasted around 23 years until Muhammad’s death, the angel is said to have revealed to Muhammad the words of Allah (the Arabic term for “God” used by Muslims), according to Muslim tradition.

Islam literally translates as “submission,” and it derives from a root term that literally translates as “peace.” The term Muslim literally translates as “one who submits to Allah.” Islam’s Fundamental Doctrine Muslims summarize their beliefs in six articles of religion, which are as follows: 1.

  • 2.
  • 4.
  • It is their belief that the Qur’an is Allah’s preexistent and flawless utterance.
  • 6.
  • Muslims frequently use the term, inshallah, which translates as “if God wills,” to demonstrate their faith in Allah’s sovereignty.
  • The declaration of faith (shahada): “la ilaha illa allah.” 2.
  • This signifies that there is only one deity, and that is Allah.

By declaring this creed, a person can become a follower of Islam.




They are not allowed to eat or drink anything from sunrise until sundown.

Pilgrimage (hajj): A Muslim is required to make the pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia at least once in his or her lifetime, if physically and financially feasible.

The adherence of a Muslim to these Five Pillars determines whether or not he will enter Paradise.

Even Muhammad was unsure whether Allah would accept him as a member of the paradise (Surah 46:9; Hadith 5.266).

Islam, like Christianity, is a monotheistic religion.

Muhammad, according to Muslims, was one of the most important prophets, rather than God’s Son.

Muslims reject the notion that Jesus died on the cross.

However, the Bible demonstrates how the death of the perfect Son of God was required in order to atone for the sins of the entire world (Isaiah 53:5-6; John 3:16; 14:6; 1 Peter 2:24).

The Bible, on the other hand, was finished in the first century AD with the publication of the Book of Revelation.

The Qur’an, as a purported addition to God’s Word, is in blatant violation of God’s commandment.

The Bible, on the other hand, teaches that sinful man will never be able to measure up to the perfection of the holy God (Romans 3:23; 6:23).

The fundamental disparities and conflicts between Islam and Christianity make it impossible for them to be both true.

The implications of the truth are eternal.

If you look at it this way, you can tell if a spirit is from God or not: “Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is a spirit from God; every spirit who does not confess Jesus is a spirit that is not from God; this is the spirit of antichrist, of which you have heard that it is coming, and it has already manifested itself in the world” (1 John 4:1-4; see also John 3:35-36).

Return to the Muslim Questions page. What what is Islam, and what exactly do Muslims believe in?

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What is Islam?

Islam is the name of the religion that Muslims practice and adhere to. People who practice Islam are referred to as Muslims, in the same way that people who practice Christianity are referred to as Christian. Muslim submission can be deduced from the literal and lexical sense of the word. Religions such as Islam are derived from the root Arabic letters s-l-m, which are the same root letters from which the word peace (salam) is derived. Islam, in and of itself, does not mean peace, but it indicates that one can achieve peace (salam) by submitting to the will of Allah (islam).

Islam is a religion, but Arabs are a race of people.

Arabs account for around 13 percent of the Muslim population.

Other faiths are frequently named after a specific individual or group of people.

Islam did not receive its name from Muhammad because Islam existed before to his time.

These prophets were Adam, Abraham, Noah, and Moses.

Starting with Adam and continuing until today, this is a story of redemption.

Islam’s last Prophet, Muhammad (peace be upon him), is the last of these Prophets.

What do Muslims believe?

  • Those who adhere to Islam are known by the name of their faith. Muslim is the term used to describe those who adhere to Islam, much as Christians are used to describe those who follow Christianity. Islam, in all its literal and lexical senses, implies “submit.” Muslim faith is derived from the roots of three Arabic letters (salam), which are the same root letters that are used to spell out the word peace (salam). Even though the word Islam does not always indicate peace, it implies that one can achieve peace (salam) by submitting to the will of God (islam). Contrary to popular belief, the terms Arab and Muslim should not be used in the same breath. Islam is a religion, whereas Arabs are a race. There are some Muslims who are not Arabs, and the vast majority of Muslims are not Arabs. Approximately 13 percent of the Muslim population is comprised of Arabs. Instead of a person, Islam is called after the act of surrendering to God’s laws and will. Religions other than Christianity are frequently named after a specific individual or group of people. Buddhism is called after Buddha, while Christianity is named after Christ, Judaism is named after the tribe of Juda, and Islam is named after the prophet Mohammed. Since Islam existed before Muhammad, the religion did not receive its name from Muhammad. The message of earlier Prophets, including as Adam, Abraham, Noah, and Moses, was to submit (islam) to God and to live in obedience to his commands. The message of Islam did not begin with the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), as is commonly assumed. Starting with Adam and continuing until now, the cycle has been completed. In due course, God would send fresh Prophets and Messengers to remind people of His message and to worship Him alone, as the years passed. Islam’s last Prophet, Muhammad (peace be upon him), is the last of these Messengers.
  • Angels are believed to exist by Muslims. There are a great number of angels, and they all serve God. Angels, in contrast to humans, do not have free choice and are bound to obey all of God’s orders. Different angels are tasked with doing different jobs. When it came to human Prophets and Messengers, for example, it was the angel Gabriel who was in charge of transmitting the message of God. The Angel Michael (Mikaaeel) was in charge of bringing down the rain. Angels are also there to aid and support believers through tough times.
  • Muslims hold all Prophets and Messengers in high regard. A Muslim is obligated to believe in the existence of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Joseph, Jesus, and Muhammad, all of whom are blessed with blessings. They all came with the same message: to worship only one God and not to associate any other gods with him
  • To worship only one God and not to associate any other gods with him
  • The Muslims believe in all Prophets and Messengers, regardless of their religious affiliation. Muslim converts must profess faith in the following individuals: Adam and Eve
  • Noah
  • Abraham
  • Moses
  • David
  • Joseph
  • Jesus
  • And Muhammad (peace be upon all of them). Everyone brought the same message: to worship only one God and not to associate any other gods with him
  • To worship only one God and not to associate any other gods with him
  • And
  • Muslims believe that there is an afterlife. There will come a day of judgment when God will hold individuals accountable for their conduct while they are still alive on this planet. Those who have done good will be welcomed into heaven, while those who have done bad will either be pardoned or punished in the hereafter. Everyone’s acts in this world will be repaid in full
  • There will be no exceptions.
  • Last but not least, Muslims believe in God’s almighty decision and will. God is aware of all that will take place in the future. His actions don’t compel humans to make decisions
  • Rather, we decide what we want to do. However, there are some things that God has determined that are out of our hands and cannot be changed. These things include the time and place of our birth, the place and time of our death, and everything else that happens that is out of our control, such as the weather. Muslims recognize and accept these conditions as part of God’s decision and will.

Being a Muslim is defined by one’s belief in these six principles. A Muslim may or may not adhere to the teachings of Islam fully; he or she may commit crimes and make mistakes; yet as long as they hold to these principles, they are regarded to be a Muslim. To put it another way, these are the most fundamental qualifications for becoming a Muslim. Do you have any more questions? Call us at 877-WhyIslam, we’ll tell you all you need to know! a link to the page’s load

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