One Islamic concept that has entered into western mythology is that of the jinn or genies, as in the story of Aladdin. However, according to Islamic belief, jinn are real creatures that form a world other than that of mankind, capable of causing physical and mental harm to human beings.
What exactly are “Djinns” in Islam?
- In Islam, the djinn are a race of spirit beings that can be good or evil. (Djinn, or jinn, is the origin of the more familiar word “genie” in English.) As we learned in the article “Exorcism is Islam,” Muslims believe that evil djinn can sometimes possess human beings, as some Christians believe demons can possess people.
- 1 What are Jinn in Quran?
- 2 What is the purpose of jinns?
- 3 Can jinns listen to Quran?
- 4 Will jinns go to Jannah?
- 5 What language do jinns speak?
- 6 How long do jinns live for?
- 7 How many kinds of jinns are there?
- 8 Is Shiva a jinn?
- 9 Who is the father of jinn?
- 10 Can I read Quran at night?
- 11 Does Quran protect you?
- 12 What is the cause of Miracles in Islam?
- 13 What Are Jinn: The Arab Spirits Who Can Eat, Sleep, Have Sex, and Die
- 14 Reality of Jinn according to the Quran and Hadith
- 15 The World of the Jinn (part 2 of 2), The World of the Jinn (part 1 of 2)
- 16 Protection from the Jinn
- 17 The World of Angels (Malaikah) & Demon (Jinn) In Islam Religion
- 18 Publication Information
- 19 Summary
- 20 Meet Jinn, The Ancient Arab Spirits Who Have Been Creeping People Out For Centuries
- 21 What Is A Jinn?
- 22 Alleged Sightings And Encounters
- 23 Jinn In Popular Culture
- 24 Possession and jinn
- 25 CULTURAL AND RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVES
- 26 PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PSYCHIATRIC PERSPECTIVES
- 27 ILLUSTRATIVE CASES
- 28 MANAGEMENT
- 29 CONCLUSION
- 30 Acknowledgments
- 31 References
- 32 Jinn
What are Jinn in Quran?
Jinn (Arabic: جن, jinn) – also romanized as djinn or anglicized as genie (with the broader meaning of spirit or demon, depending on source) – are supernatural creatures in early pre-Islamic Arabian religious systems and later in Islamic mythology and theology.
What is the purpose of jinns?
Jinn delight in punishing humans for any harm done them, intentionally or unintentionally, and are said to be responsible for many diseases and all kinds of accidents; however, those human beings knowing the proper magical procedure can exploit the jinn to their advantage.
Can jinns listen to Quran?
Yes, to protect yourself from jinn you must recite certain verses from Quran. You should try to sin less.
Will jinns go to Jannah?
According to Abu Hanifa, founder of the Hanafi schools jurisprudence of Sunnism, the jinn might enter jannah, but, just like angels, they will receive no reward. Impossibility to enter jannah only applies to the devils (shayatin).
What language do jinns speak?
This was then his father taught him the language of Jinns and named the language as Pashtu. The historians believe that the descendants of Afghan were named as Afghanis or Pashtuns and their language is known as Pashto.
How long do jinns live for?
Jinns live much longer than us, thousands and thousands of years. I’d mess with humans too with that kind of time in my hands. There are different types of Jinns. Each type has a different strength or ability.
How many kinds of jinns are there?
How many types of Jinn are there? According to Ibn e Masood there are three types of jinn: Some of the Jinn can fly. other types of Jinn appear in the animal face like snake, and dogs.
Is Shiva a jinn?
Yes he is a jinn. He is created from jinn Narayana.
Who is the father of jinn?
Iblis, as the father of the Jinn, was cast out of heaven due to his sin, just as Adam was banished after his corresponding transgression of God’s order not to eat from the Forbidden Tree. Those scholars, who argue against Iblis’ angelic origin also refer to his progeny, since angels do not procreate in Islam.
Can I read Quran at night?
Thus, the recitation of Qur’an is not restricted to a particular time or location. Rather, it can be recited at all times (whether in the morning, noon, afteenoon, and at night).
Does Quran protect you?
The Quran forbids the taking of life without due process of the law, and it also obligates Muslims to provide for those who cannot provide for themselves. Also protected by the Quran are the Elderly, women, and children of the enemy and to these there are no exceptions.
What is the cause of Miracles in Islam?
The main purpose of miracle is to prove the sincerity of the apostle and has to satisfy the following conditions: It must be performed by God. “It must be contrary to the usual course of things ” It should be impossible to contradict it.
What Are Jinn: The Arab Spirits Who Can Eat, Sleep, Have Sex, and Die
Kuthayyir ‘Azzah, an Arab poet of the Umayyad period (661–750), who is most known for expressing his sexual fixation with a married lady, once recounted how he got to be a poet: “I was born into a family of poets.” One day, a guy on horseback approached me from behind and drew up next to me. I locked my gaze on him. He was strange, a guy made of metal, and he was frightening. “Recite some poetry!” he said to me as I approached him. Then he spoke poetry to me, which was really cool. “Can you tell me who you are?” I inquired.
The way I got started performing poetry was like this: Jinn (also referred to as al-jinnordjinn) are shape-shifting spirits made of fire and air who have their origins in pre-Islamic Arabia and can transform into many forms.
Despite the fact that spirits have transcended both religion and the physical world, there is still a great deal to learn about them.
“They believe that the jinn is a matter best left to Disney and popular culture, or at the very least to anthropologists,” says the author.
- Jinn are amorphous creatures that are neither fundamentally good nor evil, and are capable of taking on the appearance of people and animals equally.
- Jinn have remained an enigmatic creature both before and after Islam’s inception, which includes allusions to jinn in the Qur’an, and they have remained so throughout history.
- Despite their mystifying nature, historians, Islamic scholars, and believers in the jinn have been able to determine some characteristics of the spirits.
- Jinn are thought to interact with people in our world as well as living their own lives in a parallel universe, according to popular belief.
- “The jinn are said to be dual-dimensional beings that have the ability to dwell and act in both the apparent and unseen realms.” Before and after Islam, the impact of Jinn has been felt across pre-Islamic and post-Islamic Arabia on religious and cultural matters.
- Ancient Arabs, who were well-known for their love of poetry, even developed the term’sha’ir, which means “supernaturally inspired” by jinn and was used to describe poets such as Kuthayyir ‘Azzah, who was recognized for his ability to write poetry.
- When the Islamic Prophet Muhammed (SAWS) first began preaching the message of the Qur’an in the early seventh century, he presented a number of surahs, or verses, that made reference to jinn, including one that was titled solely after the spirits themselves.
As El-Zein says, “one cannot be a Muslim if one does not believe in the presence of supernatural beings, as these beings are named in the Qur’an and the prophetic tradition.” And while not everyone who identifies as Muslim takes every word of the Qur’an literally, if El-Zein is correct, it means that around 1.6 billion individuals throughout the world believe in jinn.
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works Jinn are regarded to be a component of al-ghaib, which means “the unseen.” Because they are intangible things with abstract meanings, belief in them presents itself differently in different cultures and among different individuals.
- Despite this, there are numerous accounts of people who have been possessed by jinn, both in the past and in the present.
- Exorcisms can entail reciting the Qur’an over a person or, more rarely, physically pounding the jinn out of them (despite being condemned by mainstream Muslims).
- Furthermore, while reading the Qur’an is a common exorcism technique, Jinn’s associations with possession precede Islam.
- When translated literally, the Arabic wordmajnun—which means “possessed by a jinni” and can refer to someone who is insane, deranged, or possessed—means “to be possessed by a demon.” Sign up for our newsletter to receive more stories like this one.
- Devils and evil spirits emerge in Christianity as creatures carrying out Satan’s maleficent intentions, while neutral spirits such as the jinn have no place in the Christian faith.
- It is possible for them to fuck up, to be devout, to assist us, or to hurt us, as seen in folktales from the book of One Thousand and One Nights (commonly known in English asArabian Nights).
- When he opens it, a jinni appears in front of him.
- However, as the two men share their tales, the jinni changes their minds and instead grants the fisherman a life of prosperity and prosperity.
- During a poem titled “How I Met the Ghul,” the pre-Islamic poet Ta’abbata Sharran wrote about his experience sleeping with the jinniyah (feminine version of jinn):I laid atop her through the nightthat in the morning I may see what had come to meBehold!
- According to El-Zein, the capacity or desire to have sex is not the only thing that jinn and humans have in common.
“Jinn are just like humans,” she adds. Despite this, while humans can relate to spirits on many levels, the general view is that we will never be able to truly grasp jinn, despite our best efforts.
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Reality of Jinn according to the Quran and Hadith
The literal meaning of the word jinn is “to conceal and conceal oneself.” The word jinn is derived from the Arabic word janna, which means to conceal oneself. Jinn and angels are Almighty Allah’s supernatural creations, and they are the most powerful of them all. Jinn, in contrast to humans, are invisible beings, and people do not possess the necessary abilities to perceive them; they are invisible to the naked human sight. In the Quran, Allah mentions the presence of jinn on a number of different occasions.
He also said the same thing that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) did in the aforementioned passages, which is that “the Angels were made from light and the Jinn were created from smokeless fire.” (According to the Prophet Muhammad) Jinn are likewise expected to worship Allah in the same way that humans do.
In Surah Al-Dhariyat, verse 56, Allah declares, “And I did not create the jinn and humans save for the sake of worshipping Me.” Both humans and jinn have the same fundamental goal in existence, as seen in the above passage.
This is due to some form of influence toward the religion Islam.
When a group of jinn heard the recital of the Holy Quran during the time of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H.
At that time, Allah revealed the following verses of Surah Jinn to Prophet Mohammad, which are summarized below (P.B.U.H), Declare, “It has been revealed to me that a group of jinn listened attentively and said, ‘Indeed, we have heard an incredible Qur’an.’ It directs us in the correct direction, and we have faith in it.
- They live extremely similar lives to humans, eating, drinking, marrying, and having children in the same manner that people do.
- According to the following verse of Surah Al-An’am, we may easily grasp what the author is saying.
- Messengers were not only sent down to guide the people, but they were also sent down to guide both the humans and the jinn, as seen in this passage of scripture.
- Jinn are reported to live for between 1000 and 1500 years, significantly beyond the human average life span of 100 to 200 years, respectively.
- The unbelieving are referred to as “Satan.” Iblis was a jin who became an unbeliever when he refused to prostrate in front of Hazrat Adam (A.S.) when he was requested to do so by Allah, and as a result, he was expelled out of heaven by Allah.
- The Jinn have the ability to see us, but we (humans) are unable to see them.
Allah has previously made us aware of this in Surah Al-Araf, verse 27: “O children of Adam, do not allow Satan to beguile you as he did your parents when he expelled them from Paradise, stripping them of their garments and exposing their private parts in front of them.” Indeed, he and his tribe can see you from a vantage point from which you are unable to see them.
The only method to keep oneself secure from wicked beings is to pray five times a day, to walk on the road that Allah and His prophet (P.B.U.H.) have taught us, and to adhere to the teachings of the Quran, the Sunnah, and the Hadith (advice from the Prophet Muhammad).
The World of the Jinn (part 2 of 2), The World of the Jinn (part 1 of 2)
The Jinn are the most important element in occult operations because of their abilities to fly and blend into the background. Voodoo, black magic, poltergeists, witchcraft, and mediums may all be described through the lens of the Jinn’s realm of enchantment. In the same way, magicians’ illusions and feats of strength might be questioned. Because the Jinn are capable of traveling large distances in a matter of seconds, they are extremely valuable to magicians. In exchange for assisting them with their magic, the Jinns frequently request that magicians worship them as well as Satan.
- Currently, some of the marvels done by magicians and entertainers are without a doubt made possible by the Jinn’s help.
- The Jinn’s support is absolutely necessary in order for a man to accomplish such feats on his own.
- Fortune telling is one of the most often encountered occupations related with the Jinn.
- These individuals would enlist the assistance of their Jinn colleagues in order to learn about the future.
- The Jinns would then notify the fortune-tellers of their findings.
As a result, when the Prophet arrived on earth, the heavens were intensely guarded by the Angels, and any Jinn who attempted to listen was attacked by meteors (shooting stars): “And We have guarded it (the heavens) from every accursed devil, except one who is capable of snatching a hearing, and he is pursued by a brightly burning flame.” (15:17-18 in the Quran) “They (the Jinn) would send the knowledge back down until it reached the lips of a magician or fortune-teller,” the Prophet further said.
- Occasionally, a meteor would pass over them before they could deliver it to the next person.
- As a result, it is evident how fortune-tellers are able to make accurate predictions about the future in some instances.
- Examples include men like Nostradamus, who made prophecies about the future that were partially true while being entirely incorrect on the rest.
- By traveling to Muslim countries like as Morocco, one can get a sense of how much inter-Jinn-fortune-teller activity is taking place.
- The devils are clearly being driven out from the sky, as seen by this exhibition.
- TheQareenis a Jinn companion who is allocated to each and every human individual on the planet.
- “Each and every one of you has been allocated a companion from the Jinn,” the Prophet said.
- And the Prophet responded: Even I, except that God has aided me in my battle against him, and he has converted to Islam.
- The fortune-teller is able to convince the Qareen that he is the one who knows everything about the individual by establishing contact with him.
- In fact, the Prophet stated that “the prayer of one who approaches a fortune-teller and asks him about anything will not be accepted for forty days or nights” because of the harshness of approaching to a fortune-teller.
- Other activities, such as oujia boards and seances, which are used to communicate with the deceased, are also influenced by the Jinn’s influence.
This is the type of phrase used by nervous relatives (whose names are plainly different!) while attempting to establish touch with their loved ones: “Speak to us, Charlie!” Moreover, it is when the Jinn begins to speak and connect with the humans under the guise of ‘Charlie’ that they are genuinely duped.
- More than any other method, the Jinns are more likely than any other to divert people’s attention away from the worship of God through these visions.
- A person can only fight such a trial if he or she has understanding of the Jinn’s realm as well as faith in God.
- For the Jinns, it almost appears as though guiding Christians astray is the most straightforward trick they can pull off!
- To the Christians, this is referred to as the “tongues of the Angels,” and it serves as a demonstration of their religious beliefs.
- For some, images of their parents or relatives are everyday occurrences in their lives.
- This is one of the reasons why so many people believe in the existence of ghosts.
- The Prophet Muhammad and even God, according to many Muslims, have appeared to them in visions.
- Muslims are frequently taught that the rules of Islam do not apply to them as a result of visions of this nature.
- It is a brilliant deceit, and regrettably, one that has shown to be quite effective.
- Because of Diana Princess of Wales’s passing recently, there has been an outpouring of affection and admiration for her.
- The grieving over Diana had just reached its zenith when glimpses of her began to appear at Hampton Court Palace.
If these visions did occur, it was clear that Satan and his army of Jinn were eager to seize the opportunity to profit from the occurrence. Such visions are unmistakable attempts by Satan to divert humanity’s attention away from the path of God.
Protection from the Jinn
In order to defend oneself against the Jinn, the Prophet Muhammad gave us numerous ways to do so. For example, seeking shelter in Allah (God) from the accursed Satan, reciting the verses of the Holy Quran in chapters 113 and 114 of the Holy Quran, and saying these words taught by God in the Quran: “Say to the Lord, ‘My Lord! Against the whisperings (suggestions) of Satan, I take shelter with You in Jesus Christ (devils). In order to avoid them attending (or coming close to) me, I take shelter with You, my Lord.” (Surah 23:97-98; cf.
- Similar to this, reciting the name of Allah before going to the bathroom or taking off one’s clothes can prevent the Jinn from viewing or injuring a person’s intimate parts, as the Prophet said.
- In addition, as we learnt through the narrative of Abu Hurairah (one of Muhammad’s companions) and his encounter with a devil, reciting the Al-Kursi verse in Arabic (Quran 2:255) offers significant protection against the Jinn.
- ” (According to the narration of Saheeh Muslim) They were some examples of how a Muslim may obtain protection from the Jinn by the use of Arabic poetry and prophetic sayings.
- A sincere Muslim should have no fear of Satan or the Jinn, because Islam has taught us everything we need to know about them and how to defend ourselves from their damage.
- Knowing about this planet allows us to understand many of the mysteries and challenges that we are confronted with on a daily basis.
- By doing so, we can avoid the extremities that they have reached.
- In the Quran, verse 27 says: Footnotes: “The Prophet Muhammad assigned me the responsibility of protecting the required charity collected during the month of Ramadan,” Abu Hurairah (a friend of Muhammad) stated.
I apprehended him and told him, ‘I have to take you before the Prophet of God.’ ‘I am a desperate man with a huge family, and as a result, I have an urgent need,’ he explained.
“O Abu Hurairah!” the Prophet exclaimed when I met him the next morning.
He bemoaned the fact that he had an urgent need and a large family.
I waited for him to arrive.
I apprehended him and told him, ‘I have to take you before the Prophet.’ His response was, ‘Let go of me, I’m a desperate guy.’ I’m responsible for the costs of a large family.
I went to the Prophet at the crack of dawn, and he addressed me as “O Abu Hurairah!” ‘Can you tell me what your hostage did last night?’ ‘O Prophet of God!’ I said in response.
I felt sorry for him and decided to let him go.’ To which the Prophet said, “He deceived you.
‘I have to take you before the Prophet of God, and this is the third and last time I have to do it,’ I told him when I arrested him.
‘Can you tell me what those terms are?’ I inquired.
The Prophet of God approached me the next morning and said, ‘What did your prisoner do last night?’ ‘He offered to teach me certain phrases that he said would be beneficial to me in front of God,’ I responded.
‘He informed me that when I went to bed, I should repeat the Al-Kursi verse from the beginning to the conclusion, and that by doing so, a guardian from God would be assigned over me, who would protect me during the night and prevent the devil from coming near me until the morning.’ ‘Verily, he has told you the truth, despite the fact that he is a liar,’ the Prophet remarked.
‘O Abu Hurairah!’ says the prophet. ‘Do you have any idea with whom you’ve been chatting for the past three nights?’ ‘No,’ I said. In response, the prophet stated, “That was a demon.” (According to the tradition of Saheeh Al-Bukhari)
The World of Angels (Malaikah) & Demon (Jinn) In Islam Religion
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Angels, also known as malaikah, are considered to be beneficent forces of nature, holographic representations, or optical illusions in popular culture. In Western iconography, angels are frequently shown as chubby cherubic newborns or as lovely young men or women with a halo encircling their heads, but this is not always the case. Their existence is recognized in Islamic philosophy as true created entities who will inevitably perish, although they are kept veiled from our senses in most cases.
- Furthermore, they are not things to be worshipped or prayed to since they do not act as conduits for our prayers to reach God.
- In the Islamic worldview, there are no fallen angels, and they are not split into ‘good’ and ‘bad’ angels, as is the case in the Christian worldview.
- Satan is not a fallen angel, but rather a member of the jinn (demons), who are God’s creations that exist alongside human beings and angels.
- Nonetheless, as portrayed in Muslim literature, they are typically gorgeous beings with wings that fly around.
- The Jinn, also known as the Demon, are so named because they conceal themselves from the public’s view.
- Jinn, often known as demons, are typically unseen to humans due to their ethereal nature.
- They were formed out of fire before Adam and the rest of humans were created.
And the jinn (Demon), which we fashioned before time out of a smokeless flame of fire (Quran 15:26-27) Prophet Muhammad’s traditions state that angels were created out of the brightness of light, jinn out of the fire, and humans were formed out of “that which has been explained to you.” God created the angels, jinn, and people for no other reason than to worship Him, as the word clay implies.
Meet Jinn, The Ancient Arab Spirits Who Have Been Creeping People Out For Centuries
While the notion of jinn (also known as djinn) may be unknown to some, these fabled creatures were first exposed to the general public through the genie in Disney’s Aladdin film. However, unlike the characters in the film, these shape-shifting spirits are not typically seen as benevolent. Despite the fact that supernatural entities have been mostly neglected in the scientific community, they have also endured the test of time in terms of folklore and legend. The widespread believe in these old Arab spirits has endured centuries of generational changes, including the advent of Islam, and has endured to this day.
Jinn have had a strong presence in culture throughout history, from their literary origins to their portrayal in contemporary pop culture, and this has been true throughout history.
However, despite the fact that these spirits are neither intrinsically good nor evil, some reported encounters over the years have been nothing short of frightening.
What Is A Jinn?
It is uncertain when the precise idea of jinn initially appeared in its current form. But we do know that the spirits have acted as a source of inspiration — as well as a cause of dread — throughout the Arab world well before the emergence of Islam in the 7th century. And it is undeniable that they continue to have a huge impact today. Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Imam Ali Conquers Jinn, a painting from the book Ahsan-ol-Kobar that is on display in Iran’s Golestan Palace, was painted in 1568.
- They are claimed to be made of “smokeless fire,” which is said to allow them to transcend the confines of the physical universe.
- While this may appear to be frightening, jinn have also served as inspiration for some of the most respected classical Arab poets throughout history.
- “They would sometimes credit their lyrics to the jinn,” says the author.
- However, it is commonly accepted among believers that jinn may communicate with one another both in their own domain and in ours.
As spiritual entities, the jinn are considered dual dimensional, according to Amira El-Zein, author of Islam, Arabs, and the Intelligent World of the Jinn, “with the ability to live and operate in both manifest and invisible domains.” “As spiritual entities, the jinn are considered dual dimensional,” wrote El-Zein in Islam, Arabs, and the Intelligent World of the Jinn.
‘Jinn eat, drink, sleep, breed, and eventually die,’ El-Zein explained.
It’s no wonder that they haven’t always been shown in a positive light, as the genie in the Disney picture portrays him.
Alleged Sightings And Encounters
Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons This relief from the north wall of the Palace of King Sargon II at Khorsabad in Iraq portrays a winged genie reaching the Tree of Life, which was a predecessor to the Islamic jinn in its appearance. In the Qur’an, the seventh-century Islamic prophet Muhammad notably accepted the existence of jinn – non-material entities with free choice, similar to humans — as non-material beings with free will. El-Zein argues that “one cannot be a Muslim if he or she does not believe in the existence of jinn.” However, it is practically hard to certify that all 1.6 billion Muslims throughout the world hold the same viewpoint.
People’s faith in their ability to exorcise demons is so strong that it is not uncommon for individuals to seek exorcisms to free themselves of them.
The use of beads, incense, bones, salt, and charms written in Arabic, Hebrew, and Syriac, as well as the hanging around their necks of a dead animal’s teeth such as a fox or a cat, to frighten the jinn, and keep them away, were all used by the Arabs of pre-Islam to protect themselves from the evil actions of the jinn on their bodies and minds, according to El-Zein.
- According to the findings of a 2014 study, “the attribution of mental symptoms to jinn is frequent in some Muslim communities.” Jinn have also purportedly emerged in some very disturbing first-person interactions, according to the reports.
- Afterwards, the student in question began speaking in a masculine voice, proclaiming to be a jinn who had traveled from a faraway location.
- Disney The genie from the Disney film Aladdin is possibly the most well-known jinn in popular culture.
- In the middle of the medieval Islamic architecture, residents claim to have regular encounters with jinn.
- Another local stated that his brother’s demeanor changed as a result of his meeting with a spirit.
- In the words of Harib al-Shukhaili, a local exorcist who claims to have healed more than 5,000 individuals, “They want to break us apart.” “Our thoughts, our societies, with disagreements, disbelief, everything,” says the author.
And throughout it all, the jinn remain present and waiting. “This is the responsibility of Bahla.”
Jinn In Popular Culture
In comparison to Christian demons, Jinns function in a more gray region because they swing between good and evil and, as a result, behave in a more comparable manner to humans. In spite of the fact that Aladdindid properly portrays the character’s attractive personality, the character’s lovely demeanor deviates from the spookiness of traditional folklore. However, Aladdin’s genie is far from the only well-known jinn figure in literature and film. The ancient entity was also examined in One Thousand and One Nights, a compilation of legendary folk stories from the Islamic Golden Age that was published in the 19th century.
- Despite the fact that the spirit is first enraged at having been imprisoned for millennia, it finally offers the guy with rare fish to deliver to a sultan in exchange for his assistance.
- However, the controversy in Jordan was really sparked by a female in the program kissing two different males in two distinct moments at the same time.
- If they’ve lived this long — at least in the thoughts of the general public — it’s improbable that they’ll go extinct anytime in the near future.
- Find out more about Anneliese Michel and the disturbing story behind “The Exorcism of Emily Rose” by watching the video below.
Possession and jinn
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, August 2005, 98(8): 351–353. Several other papers in PMC have mentioned this article in their own work. Religion continues to have a significant impact on public perceptions of health and sickness. jinn or genies, like in the story of Aladdin, are an Islamic notion that has found its way into western mythology. The jinn, on the other hand, according to Islamic religion, are genuine entities who inhabit a realm apart from that of mankind. They are capable of inflicting bodily and mental harm on humans.
- The notion that an individual has been penetrated by an extraterrestrial spirit or other parahuman force, which subsequently controls the person’s activities or affects his or her identity, as defined by Littlewood4, is referred to as possession.
- People from Pakistan, Bangladesh, the Middle East, and North Africa are the most likely to be found in possession of a jinn in the United Kingdom.
- The terms possession and possessional are employed in two different ways, according to Whitwell and Barker6.
- Using the second method, which does not involve any of these assumptions, it has been applied to a number of other states.
- Another type of trance is one that may be intentionally generated in a cult environment.
In the medical literature, there has been very little written on jinn possession. In this section, we discuss cultural, religious, and psychological elements, as well as recommendations for management in therapeutic practice.
CULTURAL AND RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVES
A large number of allusions to jinn may be found in the Qur’an and Hadith (sayings of Prophet Mohammed). According to Islamic literature, jinn coexist with other species but exist in a separate universe from that of men. Despite the fact that they can see us, they cannot be seen. Intelligence and the ability to select between right and wrong, as well as between good and evil, are characteristics they share with human beings3, but according to the Qur’an8, they lack the ability to distinguish between good and bad.
- Jinn are thought to live in caverns, uninhabited areas, graveyards, and other locations of gloom.
- The Qur’an8describes how the Prophet Solomon devised a plan to conquer the jinn and compel them to do jobs that necessitated the use of strength, intelligence, and skill.
- 3The possessed is unable to think or talk in accordance with his or her own free choice.
- The Catholic Church has attempted to define criteria for distinguishing between genuine possession and ‘pseudopossession’, with mixed results.
- To do so, the therapist must have tremendous confidence in Allah.
- The possessed individual is struck by some faith healers, who argue that it is the jinn who is suffering from the agony.
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PSYCHIATRIC PERSPECTIVES
In order to fully comprehend possession states, it is necessary to consider them from a variety of viewpoints such as biological, anthropological, social, psychopathological, and experimental. It is necessary to consider the patient’s personal view of the situation. This will encourage collaboration10, even if it has minimal impact on the therapy that is administered. 11For example, the disease perception questionnaire12 and the brief explanatory model interview are two instruments that have been created to extract patients’ explaining models.
- According to dissociation theory, hysteria is a hysterical condition in which the Id desires to overrun the Ego while in a state of detachment from reality.
- In accordance with sociocultural theory, possession is a culturally sanctioned phenomena to which people are exposed from a young age with the anticipation that they would have the opportunity to experience it later on.
- Frequently, the patients were in tight but conflicted connections with their families, and they were having difficulty establishing their independence and sense of self, as well as dealing with sexual issues.
- Despite this, jinn ownership is characterized by its involuntary nature (in contrast to voodoo possession, which is sought by the person concerned).
- Other than marked distress and impairment in social or occupational functioning, the criteria in these two texts are nearly identical.
When it comes to the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, trance or possession disorders fall under the category of dissociative (conversion) disorders, which are disorders in which a person experiences a temporary loss of sense of personal identity as well as full awareness of their surroundings.
These conditions are excluded from this categorization, which includes those linked with psychotic illnesses, affective disorders, organic personality disorder, post-concussive syndrome, and intoxication with psychoactive substances.
The two case histories that follow demonstrate typical presentations as well as some of the issues that physicians must deal with.
In one case, a 25-year-old Iraqi lady with no previous mental history increasingly withdrew from others, became uncommunicative, and eventually stopped eating and drinking altogether. No organic ailment was discovered throughout the investigations, and a severe depressive condition was identified. She was subjected to electro-convulsive treatment, but did not show significant improvement. Her family, certain that she was possessed by jinn but unable to admit it to the physicians for fear of being labeled as superstitious, took her to a local faith healer, who volunteered to treat her in the manner prescribed by Islam.
She had no explanation for what had happened when she awoke, despite the fact that she remembered the sequence of events.
She asserted that she was not in a bad mood at the moment.
A 35-year-old lady suffered from spells of high fever and disorientation, which caused her speech to become incoherent at times. A general practitioner in the area diagnosed the patient with typhoid fever and ordered medication. Patient and her family, on the other hand, believed she was under the influence of an evil spirit and did not comply with the prescribed treatment. After that, she was transported to a local faith healer, who confirmed their beliefs and treated her in accordance with Islamic custom.
After then, one of the authors (NK) was summoned to visit her.
When she was admitted to the hospital, it was discovered that she had cerebral malaria, for which she was successfully treated.
The situations described above demonstrate the problematic interplay that can occur between cultural beliefs and mainstream medicine. Clearly, in every situation of purported jinn possession, it is essential to rule out any underlying medical diseases by physical examination and any other studies that may be required. Although any underlying mental condition should be treated using standard psychiatric treatments, clinicians must consider cultural considerations and avoid explicitly refuting assertions made by the patient or relatives concerning the actuality of possession.
As a result, most individuals are happy to use biological therapies without abandoning traditional reasons for illness;11there may be a compelling justification for incorporating an Imam or religious leader in the care of these patients.
Muslims constitute the biggest ethnic minority group in the United Kingdom, accounting for almost 3 percent of the country’s population18, and there is widespread belief in jinn possession within this group. The incidence of jinn possession states is still a mystery to researchers. The use of an inclusive and culturally sensitive approach when medical and psychiatric services are engaged is considered acceptable medical practice. The interaction between explanatory models developed by the medical profession, Muslim religious leaders, the Muslim community, and faith healers should be clarified in future study, with the goal of developing better treatment routes.
We are grateful to Professor Kamaldeep Bhui and Shaykh Ibrahim Mogra for their insightful thoughts.
A. Sheikh and A. Gatrad are the authors of this article. Taking good care of Muslim patients. The Radcliffe Medical Press, Oxford, 20002.Sakr AH.Al-Jinn. Islamic Book Service, 20013. Al-Ashqar, Umar S., “The World of the Jinn and Devils in the Light of the Qur’an and Sunnah,” New York: Islamic Book Service, 20013. Littlewood R. Possession declares, published by the International Islamic Publishing House in 2003. 8-105 in the journal Psychiatry, 2004. S. Pereira, K. Bhui, and S. Dein. The psychopathology of possession states, as well as differential diagnosis, are discussed.
- Whitwell, F.D., and Barker, M.G.
- Possession states were seen in mental patients in the United Kingdom.
- Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- 32, no.
- Holy Quran, I salute you.
- 9.Aziz S.
Issue 1310 of the As-Sunnah Newsletter was published in 2001.
Bhui and D.
The British Journal of Psychiatry published an article on this topic in 2002: 181: 6-711.
The British Journal of Psychiatry published an article in 2002 titled 535-612.
Psychological Science, vol.
The creation of the brief explanatory interview (SEMI) and its usage among primary care attendees with common mental illnesses, by Lloyds, Jacob, and Patel.
Possession syndrome in India, according to Chandrashekar CR.
The British Journal of Medical Psychology published a paper in 1980 titled “Br J Med Psychol: 53: 287-9516.” This organization is the American Psychiatric Association.
Organización Mundial de la Salud. Mental and behavioural disorders are classified according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision. Churchill Livingstone, 2001. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
Dr. Jamal Badawi contributed to this article. When we talk about God’s creations, we may divide them into two primary categories: those that can be seen and those that cannot be seen. As of now, the species that have been observed may be divided into two broad categories: humans and others. Animals, as well as live and inanimate objects, are included in the term “others.”
Angels and Jinn: Unseen creatures
There are two primary types of invisible entities that are mentioned in the Quran once more: the jinn and the jinni. The first is made up of angels, and the second is made up of Jinn. Some individuals may be curious as to what the word Jinn means and whether or not there is an English counterpart. According to my understanding, there is no one term in English that would adequately and completely convey the full and entire meaning of Jinn as understood by Muslims, other than to explain that they are invisible beings.
- (For more information on angels, please see this link.) Believing Jinn would be just as nice as believing angels or just as good as believing humans.
- When we speak of Satan or Iblis, we are specifically referring to the original Satan, who was the one who tempted Adam and Eve in Paradise in the first place.
- In this episode of 877-Why-Islam, Nouman Ali Khan gives a discourse.
- Do Muslims have a phobia for him?
- This section will look at the Islamic perspective of Satan, his approach, and how we are advised to guard ourselves against his influence, among other things.
- When we talk of smokeless fire, no one knows what the specific nature of this fire is, just as we don’t know what the particular nature of the light from which angels are born is when we talk about angels.
- This is similar to the abilities possessed by angels.
Jinn have free will, just like humans
The Quran identifies two primary types of creatures that are unseen, and these are the jinn and the jinni. Both the angels and the Jinn are considered to be deities, respectively. A number of individuals may be curious as to what the word Jinn means and whether or not there is an English counterpart. Except for the fact that they are invisible entities, there is no single phrase in English that, in my opinion, adequately expresses the correct and entire meaning of Jinn as understood by Muslims.
For further information on angels, please see this link: angels A Jinn who believes in angels or human believers would be on par with either group in terms of morality.
By using the term “Satan” or “Iblis,” we are specifically referring to the original Satan, who was the one who tempted Adam and Eve while they were in Paradise.
A discourse by Nouman Ali Khan is broadcast on 877-Why-Islam.
Muslim leaders are concerned about him.
This section will look at the Islamic understanding of Satan, his approach, and how Muslims are advised to guard themselves against his influence, among other things.
When we speak of smokeless fire, no one understands what the specific nature of this fire is, just as we don’t know what the particular nature of the light from which angels are born is.
As for the fact that they are non-material, it symbolizes, as it does for angels as well, the fact that they have skills and talents that much beyond those granted to humans in terms of speed of movement and other characteristics.