What Are The Basic Tenets Of Islam? (Perfect answer)

The five pillars – the declaration of faith (shahada), prayer (salah), alms-giving (zakat), fasting (sawm) and pilgrimage (hajj) – constitute the basic norms of Islamic practice.

What are the 6 key beliefs of Islam?

  • However, the “Six Articles of Faith” summarizes Islamic beliefs about God, angels, prophets, the Qu’ran, the afterlife, and predestination. Allah In the religion of Islam, belief in Allah is the single most important tenet. Islamic Beliefs About Creation In Islamic doctrine, the universe is the result of the direct work of Allah.


What are the basic tenets of belief in Islam?

The religious obligations of all Muslims are summed up in the Five Pillars of Islam, which include belief in God and his Prophet and obligations of prayer, charity, pilgrimage, and fasting. The fundamental concept of Islam is the Sharīʿāh—its law, which embraces the total way of life commanded by God.

What is first tenet of Islam?

Shahadah, profession of faith, is the first pillar of Islam. Muslims bear witness to the oneness of God by reciting the creed “There is no God but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God.” This simple yet profound statement expresses a Muslim’s complete acceptance of and total commitment to Islam.

What are the basic tenets of the Islamic faith quizlet?

Faith, Charity, Praying, Pilgrimage, and Fasting. Have faith that there is only 1 god and that Muhammad is the prophet. You just studied 6 terms!

What are the 6 pillars of Islam?

What are The Six Pillars of Faith?

  • Belief in Allah.
  • Belief in His Angels.
  • Belief in His Books.
  • Belief in His Messengers.
  • Belief in The Last Day.
  • Belief in Destiny.

What are tenets?

tenet • TEN-ut • noun.: a principle, belief, or doctrine generally held to be true; especially: one held in common by members of an organization, movement, or profession.

What are the three denominations of Islam?

Historically, Islam was divided into three major sects well known as Sunni, Khawarij and Shī’ah. Nowadays, Sunnis constitute about 90% of the overall Muslim population while the Shi’as are around 10%.

Does the Quran have the 10 Commandments?

The 10 Commandments in the Quran The Qur’an makes reference to the Ten Commandments twice. Quran Book 7:142–5 describes how Moses received the divine tablets. but doesn’t describe what was on them.

What are the 5 pillars of Islam explain each?

The five pillars – the declaration of faith (shahada), prayer (salah), alms-giving (zakat), fasting (sawm) and pilgrimage (hajj) – constitute the basic norms of Islamic practice. They are accepted by Muslims globally irrespective of ethnic, regional or sectarian differences.

What is the largest branch of Islam?

Sunni Islam is by far the largest branch of Islam: its followers make up 87 to 90% of the global Muslim population.

How many angels are there in Islam?

Muhammad is reported to have said that every man has ten guardian angels. Ali ben-Ka’b/Ka’b bin ‘Ujrah, and Ibn ‘Abbas read these as angels.

What are the 6 beliefs?

Muslims have six main beliefs.

  • Belief in Allah as the one and only God.
  • Belief in angels.
  • Belief in the holy books.
  • Belief in the Prophets e.g. Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Dawud (David), Isa (Jesus).
  • Belief in the Day of Judgement
  • Belief in Predestination

What was the first thing Allah created?

“First of all, there was nothing but Allah, and (then He created His Throne). His Throne was over the water, and He wrote everything in the Book (in the Heaven) and created the Heavens and the Earth.”

The Five Tenets of Islam – Video & Lesson Transcript

Yolanda Williams is the instructor. Include a biography Professor of Psychology and Ethics at the collegiate level, Yolanda also holds a doctorate of philosophy in counselor education and supervision. The five tenets of Islam serve as the foundation for the lives of Muslims across the world. Learn about the meanings of the terms Shahadah, Salah, Zakat, Sawn, and Hajj, as well as the numerous detailed intricacies pertaining to the five fundamentals of Islamic law. This page was last updated on November 12, 2021.

Definition of the Five Tenets

There are five main requirements that all Muslims feel they must adhere to, which are known as theFive Tenets of Islam, sometimes known as theFive Pillars of Islam. The five tenets of Islam serve as a fundamental guideline for how Muslims should conduct themselves in their daily lives. Salah, Zakat, Sawm, and Hajj are the five tenets of Islam, and they are as follows: The next sections will go through each of the five tenets in further depth.

The Five Tenets

The Shahadah is a religious declaration of faith. It is the first tenet of Islam, and it is also the most crucial, to make a public confession proclaiming that Allah is the one and only real God, and Muhammad is God’s prophet. Those who make this proclamation must do it with conviction and honesty. An individual can only be accepted as a member of the Islamic community when he or she has openly professed his or her religious beliefs. Salah is a kind of prayer. The second tenet is the practice of prayer.

  1. The prayers are held at various times throughout the day, including sunrise, high noon, the middle of the afternoon, sunset, and again throughout the night.
  2. Muslims can worship anywhere, even if it is recommended that they do so in a mosque, such as the one shown in the photograph above.
  3. During prayer, Muslims direct their gaze toward Makkah (Mecca), the holiest city in Islam, which is located in Saudi Arabia.
  4. Zakat is the practice of giving alms.
  5. Wealth is considered to be God’s property in the Islamic religion, according to this belief.
  6. Muslims are expected to offer 2.5 percent of their whole assets to people in need, according to Islamic law.

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Faqs – What Muslims Believe

The Fundamental Tenets of the Islamic Faith There are five main customs that Muslims across the world follow that are universally accepted. The Five Pillars of Islam are what are often referred to as such. They are as follows: People who wish to become Muslims utter the Declaration of Faith, which is repeated during prayer, at the call to prayer, and at various times during the day, as well as when they first become Muslims. “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is his messenger,” says this confession of faith, which is known as theshahada in Arabic.

  • These prayers can be recited either individually or in a group setting.
  • This is referred to as juma’a.
  • This is referred to as zakat, which literally translates as “purification.” It is a tax on one’s annual savings equal to 2.5 percent of one’s annual income.
  • Muslims fast from the break of dawn to the break of sunset.
  • The fast is intended to instill self-discipline and sympathy in those who participate.
  • Pilgrimage, orhajj- Muslims are obligated to perform a pilgrimage, orhajj, to Mecca at least once throughout their lifetimes if they are financially and physically able to do so.
  • Mecca is also the location of the Islamic pilgrimage site of Haram.
  • The Fundamental Beliefs of the Islamic Faith Muslims hold some views in common, including the following: The unity of God (Allah)- For Muslims, there is only one entity worthy of worship, and that is none other than Allah.
  • Muslim belief in the message of Allah’s prophets- Muslims believe that Allah’s word was delivered via various prophets, including Noah, Abraham, Moses, Elijah, and Jesus, as well as other prophets common to Christianity and Judaism, in addition to Muhammad.
  • Belief in angels- Muslims believe that angels are spiritual creatures who carry out the will of their Creator.
  • Muslims believe that human people are held responsible for their actions during their lifetimes on the day of judgment and resurrection.

profiles of everyday Muslimsintroductionmajor themesinterviewsfaqsreadingslinksdiscussionteaching guide talk with the producer, transcripts of the tapings, press, credits, and privacyFRONTLINE, WGBH, PBSI, web site copied with permission1995-2014WGBH educational foundation

What do Muslims believe and do? Understanding the 5 pillars of Islam

A series of articles by Senior Religion and Ethics Editor Kalpana Jain, available on our website or as six emails delivered every other day, is available for those who want to learn more about Islam. The articles are written by Kalpana Jain, who is also the Senior Religion and Ethics Editor at The Conversation. Over the last few years, she has commissioned scores of papers about Islam authored by academics, which have appeared in scholarly journals. All of the pieces in this collection are drawn from that repository and have been reviewed for correctness by religious academics.

It was a kind gesture, and I appreciated it.

Even though I learned about a variety of cultural rituals through these interactions, as someone who is not religiously affiliated with the Islamic faith, I did not have a thorough understanding of the Islamic faith until I began reading the writings of our scholars in my role as ethics and religion editor.

Prophet Muhammad is the most venerated of all persons in the eyes of Muslims.

He is believed to have received direct revelations from God through the archangel Gabriel.

God is referred to as Allah in the Quran, which is the Arabic term for the word “God.” Muslims are divided into many distinct sects – some of which you may be familiar with, such as Sunni and Shiite – but they all adhere to the same set of core principles.

The Islamic faith

The Islamic religion is founded on five pillars, which are also known as fundamental tenets. Undertaking a public profession of faith, praying five times a day, contributing to charity (zakat), fasting during Ramadan, and making a trip to Mecca in Saudi Arabia are all examples of Islam’s requirements for believers. Each of these pillars is a critical component of being a Muslim in today’s world. According to scholarRose Aslan, “Many Muslims plan their days around the call to prayer, and others halt what they are doing at the call to prayer and make supplications to Allah.” Minarets in nations such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and India are equipped with speakers that broadcast the call to prayer to the whole population.

  • Muslims worship in the direction of Mecca, which is located in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Many Muslims, according to scholars, benefit from the practice of prayer because it allows them to have a personal relationship with God.
  • UmmSqueaky/Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works The five-day pilgrimage to the Great Mosque of Mecca and the surrounding area is a requirement for all Muslims who have the “physical and financial ability” to make the journey.
  • The Holy Kaaba, a cube-shaped building made of black marble, is located within the Great Mosque of Mecca.
  • Islam narrates the narrative of Ibrahim, who decided to sacrifice his son Ismail when God told him to do so in the Quran.

KEN CHITWOOD, a scholar at the University of Cambridge, says that Muslims believe the Kaaba contains the black stone upon which Ibrahim was to sacrifice Ismail. The journey comes to a close with Eid al-Adha, often known as the “feast of the sacrifice.”

Fasts and feasts

If you have heard or seen your Muslim neighbors fasting, it is most likely because they are participating in Ramadan celebrations. In the month of Ramadan, Muslims believe that the Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad for the very first time. It is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and lasts either 29 or 30 days, depending on when it falls. During Ramadan, Muslims keep a fast from dawn to sunset each day, which means they awaken early in the morning to share meals with one another before the sun appears and conclude the fast in the late afternoon or evening.

  • The dates are determined by the visibility of the new crescent moon.
  • It is also intended to assist kids in comprehending what it is like to be impoverished.
  • The term “Iftaar” (meaning “breakfast”) refers to big feasts held by Muslim communities to commemorate the breaking of the fast.
  • In India, I’ve been to a number of Iftaar celebrations.
  • In many South Asian nations, sewain is given out to friends and neighbors as a form of socialization.
  • For the sake of accuracy, Ken Chitwood, a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Berlin Graduate School of Muslim Cultures and Societies at Freie Universität Berlin, has examined and approved this article.
  • Fact: Bilal Ibn Rabah, the son of an enslaved Abyssinian lady, was the first Muslim to ever utter the call to prayer, which took place in the city of Medina during the seventh century.
  • The following is an excerpt from an essay published by Rose Aslan, Assistant Professor of Religion at California Lutheran University.
  • In the following issue: What exactly is an American Muslim?
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Articles from The Conversation in this edition:

  • Providing an explanation of the Muslim pilgrimage of Hajj
  • When it comes to Islam, what exactly does Friday prayer mean? Answers to six frequently asked questions on why Ramadan is observed. On the occasion of Eid 2017, we take a look inside the life of Puerto Rican Muslims.

Further Reading and Resources:

  • In the Institute of Social Policy and Understanding (ISPU), research is conducted to assist journalists and others in better understanding the lives of American Muslims. “Islam: An Introduction,” written by Annemarie Schimmel, is a good read. A thorough introduction to Islam written by a renowned Islamic scholar who taught at Harvard University from 1967 to 1992

What are the Five Pillars of Islam?

A great deal of what the majority of people believe they know about Islam comes from the media, which is filled with stories of extremism and bloodshed. Five pillars – the proclamation of faith (shahada), prayer (salah), alms-giving (zakat), fasting (sawm), and pilgrimage (hajj) – serve as the foundation of Islamic activity and represent the fundamental principles of Islam. They are widely acknowledged by Muslims all across the world, regardless of ethnic, regional, or sectarian distinctions.

As is true of all faiths, circumstances differ and some people are more dedicated to their beliefs than others. Age, stage of life, employment, family obligations, health, and money are all factors that influence one’s ability to make decisions.

The pillars

Muslim believers make the following fundamental profession of faith and commitment: “There is no God but God (Allah), and Muhammad is His Messenger.” It separates Muslims from adherents of other religious traditions. TheShahada is arguably more recognized in the West as the Arabic slogan that appears on the banners of ISIS, al-Shabaab, and Boko Haram, among other terrorist organizations. TheShahada, on the other hand, is by no means the exclusive domain of violent organizations; in fact, reading it three times in front of witnesses is a condition for becoming a Muslim, as is reciting it three times in front of a witness.

  1. Every day, five times a day, prayers are said in the direction of Mecca.
  2. Terrorist networks such as the Islamic State have taken advantage of the fact that huge groups of Muslims will be coming together for communal prayer on a regular basis.
  3. Mosques in northern Nigeria have also been targeted by Boko Haram.
  4. It is necessary for Muslims to donate a percentage of their extra money, and this is known as zakat (sacrifice).
  5. In recent years, aid has been offered in Gaza, Syria, Yemen, and Iraq, as well as in other conflict zones.
  6. Fasting is demanded of Muslims during Ramadan, which occurs during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar.
  7. They break their fast with a meal after sunset.
  8. Making the pilgrimage to Mecca and back is a religious obligation that every Muslim should fulfill at least once in their lives.
  9. As part of their pilgrimage to Mecca, they participate in a series of individual and group acts on the several days of their stay, following a pattern established by Prophet Muhammad.
  10. The 25,000 pilgrims who traveled from the United Kingdom joined thousands of Muslims from many other nations in completing the identical rites, despite the fact that they came from quite different places throughout the world.
  11. When fasting during Ramadan, Muslim colleagues may seek breaks and a prayer area, as well as support from their coworkers, or they may request yearly vacation when performing the Hajj.

These are concerns that are essential to all Muslims, and they are not indicative of fundamentalism. Understanding this better can aid in the overcoming of anti-Muslim biases and stereotypes.

Islam: Basic Beliefs

Islam is a monotheistic religion that is based on the belief in a single God (Allah). According to this view, it has certain beliefs in common with those of Judaism and Christianity in that it traces its origins back to the patriarch Abraham, and ultimately to the first prophet Adam. Throughout history, prophets have taught the same universal message of faith in a single God and charity toward one another. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the lineage of prophets that began with Adam and ended with Moses.

  • He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a trader.
  • The people were worshipping a plethora of gods and had lost sight of the prophet Abraham’s warning that they should only serve one God.
  • It was during one of these occurrences, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, that he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril (Gabriel).
  • In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah, rather than gratifying themselves.
  • Muslims constitute 1.2 billion people worldwide, with 7 million living in the United States.
  • Indonesia and India have the greatest Muslim populations of any of the countries in the world.
  • Despite the fact that they hold similar fundamental principles, they disagree on who should be the legitimate head of Islam following Muhammad’s death.
  • “Allah” is just the Arabic word for God, and it means “God.” He is the same God who is adored by people of all religions and who is the same global God.
  • Furthermore, “Allah” does not have a plural form.
  • Religions based on belief in one God (Allah)
  • Belief in angels
  • Belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
  • Belief in all of God’s prophets sent to mankind, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Although Muslims believe in Isa or Jesus, they do not see Jesus as the Son of God in the same sense that Christians do. Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment and life after death, but Christians do not. The highest reward for doing good things is growing in one’s relationship with God
  • Faith in the decree of God. Therefore, God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission
  • But, he has granted human people the ability to choose whether they will be good or evil. At the conclusion of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and decisions.

These are practical guidelines for putting Muslim principles into practice on a daily basis, including:

  • Declaring one’s confidence in Allah and Muhammad as His prophet or message (shahadah) is a way of bearing testimony or testifying that there is only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is His prophet or messenger. Salat (ritual prayer)—the five daily prayers are conducted at various times throughout the day, including sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. The prayers are offered in the Arabic language and with the direction of Mecca as their focus. Giving 2.5 percent of one’s wealth to the poor and needy is known as zakah (alms tax) in Islam. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, known as Ramadan, is marked by fasting during daylight hours by Muslims across the world. The goal is to remind individuals of the goodness of what they have and to demonstrate equality with those who are less fortunate than they are. In Islam, the month of Ramadan is a time for study and self-discipline. Performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) in Mecca to the Ka’bah is considered obligatory for Muslims at least once throughout their lives. Several scholars think that Ibrahim (Abraham) and one of his sons were responsible for the construction of the Ka’bah. Muhammad restored it as a place of devotion for Allah. As a result, Muslims consider it to be a particularly sacred location.

Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.

Every day, they read a portion of it. According to Islam, the Sunnah is a written record of Muhammad’s words and actions. The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran. It also contains guidance on matters like as belief, worship, and behavior.

Islam summary

The religion of Islam is a major international religion that was created by Muhammad in Arabia in the early 7th century. The Arabic word islam literally translates as “surrender”—specifically, surrender to the will of the one God, who is referred to as Allahin Arabic in this context. Muslim believers believe that the Prophet Muhammad is the final, and most perfect, of God’s prophets, who also include Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and others. Islam is a strictly monotheistic religion whose members are known as Muslims.

  • As well as being a source of belief and practice in Islam, the sayings and actions of the Prophet as recounted in the sunna serve as an essential source of inspiration.
  • The Shariah -Islam’s law — is the foundational idea, which encompasses the entire way of life prescribed by God.
  • Observant Muslims pray five times a day and participate in community worship in the mosque on Fridays, which is conducted by an animam (a religious leader).
  • The month of Ramadan is designated as a fasting month.
  • In addition to Eid al-Fitr, which commemorates the end of Ramadan’s fast, Muslims commemorate Muhammad’s birth and his ascent into paradise on this day.
  • Early divisions in Islam were caused by conflicts about the succession to the Caliphate, which erupted during the time of the Prophet Muhammad.
  • The Shiite sect split away in the 7th century and eventually gave rise to a number of other sects, notably the Ismaelites.
  • Since the nineteenth century, the notion of the Islamic community has spurred Muslims to reject Western colonial control, and fundamentalist organizations have endangered or overturned a number of secular governments in the Middle East in the late twentieth century.

BBC – Religions – Islam: Five Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam are the most significant Muslim practices, and they are listed here.

The Five Pillars of Islam are the five requirements that every Muslim is required to do in order to live a decent and responsible life in accordance with Islamic principles. The Five Pillars are comprised of the following:

  • Shahadah: the Muslim declaration of faith, recited with sincerity
  • Salat is the practice of reciting ceremonial prayers in the appropriate manner five times every day. In Islam, zakat is defined as the payment of an alms (or charity) tax to aid the destitute and the needy. Sawm is the practice of fasting throughout the month of Ramadan. Hajj is a pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place every year.

Why are they important?

Carrying out these responsibilities serves as the foundation for a Muslim’s life, tying together their everyday actions and their religious beliefs into a single thread of religious devotion. No matter how serious a person’s religious beliefs may be, Islam believes that it is meaningless to go through life without putting those beliefs into action and practice. Carrying out the Five Pillars reveals to others that the Muslim is putting their faith first, rather than attempting to fit it around their secular lifestyles.

Six Major Beliefs In Islam

According to the Quran and Hadith, the following six beliefs are universally believed by Muslims, and they are as follows:

  1. Religion of Islam is based on the belief in the oneness of God. Muslims believe that God is the creator of everything, as well as being both all-powerful and all-knowing. Unlike humans, God does not have progeny and is not impacted by the features of human existence. He has no race, no gender, and no physical body. Muslims believe in angels, who are invisible entities who serve God and carry out God’s commands across the cosmos. When the prophets received the holy revelation through the angel Gabriel, they were ecstatic. Believe in the Books of God: Muslims believe that God revealed holy books or scriptures to a number of God’s messengers, and that these holy books or scriptures are still in existence today. These include the Quran (which was delivered to Muhammad), the Torah (which was given to Moses), the Gospel (which was given to Jesus), the Psalms (which were given to David), and the Scrolls (which were provided to Moses) (given to Abraham). Muslims believe that these preceding writings were divinely revealed in their original form, but that only the Quran has survived in the form in which it was initially revealed to the prophet Muhammad
  2. And Believe in the Prophets or Messengers of God: Muslims believe that God’s direction has been revealed throughout history via specifically designated messengers, or prophets, who have been sent by God. The first man, Adam, is believed to be the first prophet. There are twenty-five of these prophets who are specifically addressed by name in the Quran. These include Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Muslims believe that Muhammad is the final prophet in this series of prophets, who was sent to bring the message of Islam to all of humanity. Humans will be evaluated for their acts in this life on the Day of Judgment, according to Muslims. Those who accepted God’s advice will be rewarded with paradise, while those who rejected God’s counsel will be punished with hell, according to Muslims. Belief in the Divine Decree (or Divine Will): Specifically, the topic of God’s will is addressed in this article of faith. If one believes that everything is regulated by divine decree, this means that everything occurs in one’s life is preordained, and that believers should respond to the good or terrible things that happen in their lives with thanksgiving or patience, then they are practicing the religion of Islam. As previously stated, this idea does not contradict the concept of “free will,” because humans do not have prior knowledge of God’s decree, they do have the ability to choose their own decisions.
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Islam, after Christianity, is the second most popular religion in the world, with around 1.8 billion Muslims practicing their faith globally. Despite the fact that Islam’s origins trace back far older, experts generally agree that it was founded in the 7th century, making it the most recent of the major global faiths. Islamic teachings were first taught at Mecca, which is now part of modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. Today, the faith is expanding at an alarming rate around the world.

Islam Facts

  • The term “Islam” literally translates as “submission to God’s will.”
  • Muslims are those who adhere to Islam
  • Muslims are monotheistic and worship a single, all-knowing God, known in Arabic as Allah
  • Muslims are those who adhere to other religions. Islamic adherents strive to live lives of total surrender to Allah and His will. Despite their belief that nothing can happen without Allah’s approval, they acknowledge that humans possess free choice. Islamic teachings hold that Allah’s word was given to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel, and Muslims believe that other prophets were sent to teach Allah’s law throughout history. They hold several of the same prophets in high regard as Jews and Christians, including Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, among others. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet. Moschees are sites of religious prayer for Muslims. In addition to the Kaaba shrine in Mecca and the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, some notable Islamic holy sites are the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina and the Kaaba in Mecca. The Quran (also known as the Koran) is the most important religious document in Islam. Another significant literature is the Hadith (also known as the Sunnah). Muslims also hold some passages from the Judeo-Christian Bible in high regard
  • Followers of Islam worship Allah via prayer and recitation of the Quran. It is their belief that there will be a day of judgment and that there is life after death. “Jihad,” which literally translates as “battle,” is a major concept in Islam. Despite the fact that the phrase has been used negatively in popular society, Muslims feel it refers to internal and outward attempts to protect their religious beliefs. Although uncommon, military jihad may be used in the event of a “just war” being declared.


Muhammad, also known as Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, around 570 A.D., and is considered to be the founder of Islam. According to Muslims, he was the final prophet sent by God to proclaim their beliefs to the rest of the world. Islam’s sacred writings and traditions claim that an angel called Gabriel came to visit Muhammad during his meditation session in a cave in the year 610 AAD. Muhammad was instructed by the angel to repeat the words of Allah. Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah for the rest of his life, despite his physical limitations.

He preached that there was only one God, Allah, and that Muslims should devote their lives to worshipping this one and only God.


Muhammad and his supporters embarked on a journey from Mecca to Medina in 622. The Hijra (sometimes written Hegira or Hijrah) is a voyage that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is commemorated on the Islamic calendar. A little more than seven years later, Muhammad and his throngs of followers returned to Mecca and completely subjugated the surrounding area. He preached until his death in 632, at the age of 84.

Abu Bakr

Following Muhammad’s death, Islam began to spread at an alarming rate. Following Muhammad’s death, a succession of leaders known as caliphs ascended to the throne. A caliphate was a system of leadership in which a Muslim monarch was in charge and was administered by a Muslim king. The first caliph was Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and close friend, who reigned as the Prophet Muhammad’s successor. Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad, ascended to the throne in 634 when Abu Bakr died around two years after he was chosen.

Caliphate System

The job of caliph was taken up by Uthman, Muhammad’s son-in-law, when Umar was slain six years after being proclaimed caliph. Uthman was assassinated as well, and Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, was chosen to be the caliph in his place. During the tenure of the first four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered vast swaths of the Middle East, including Syria, Palestine, Iran, and Iraq, among other places. Islam also expanded throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia, as well as throughout the Middle East.

The caliphate system endured for decades and eventually gave rise to the Ottoman Empire, which ruled over significant areas of the Middle East from around 1517 until World War I brought the Ottoman Empire to an end on November 11, 1917.

Sunnis and Shiites

When Muhammad died, there was a heated controversy over who should take over as leader of the Muslim community. Due to this division among the Islamic community, two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sunnis constitute roughly 90 percent of all Muslims in the globe. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs were the legitimate successors to him. Muslims who follow the Shiite school of thought believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are legitimate heirs to Muhammad.

Shiite Muslims now have a significant presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria, among other places.

Other Types of Islam

Other, minor Muslim denominations exist within the Sunni and Shiite communities, in addition to the larger ones. Some of these are as follows:

  • Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, which was created in Saudi Arabia in the 18th century by members of the Tameem clan, is a branch of Islam. Followers adhere to Muhammad ibn Abd al-exceedingly Wahhab’s stringent interpretation of Islam, which he taught them. Alawite: This Shiite branch of Islam is widely practiced in Syria. Followers of the caliph Ali retain similar views about him, but they also mark various Christian and Zoroastrian feasts, as well. Nation of Islam (also known as the Muslim Brotherhood): This Sunni sect with a majority of African-American members was created in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. A disagreement over the method of selecting a new leader caused this group to split from the Shiites. They are well-known for their hardline fundamentalism, and they are now referred to as Ibadis.


The Holy Quran. Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed/EyeEm/Getty Images Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed For Muslims, the Quran (also known as the Koran or the Qur’an) is regarded to be the most significant sacred book in existence. In addition to certain essential material that can be found in the Hebrew Bible, it also contains revelations that were delivered to Muhammad. The text is regarded to be God’s sacred word, and it supersedes all prior works in this regard. The majority of Muslims believe that Muhammad’s scribes recorded his utterances, which were later compiled into the Quran.

It is divided into 114 chapters, which are referred to as surahs.

Why the Quran Was a Bestseller Among Christians in Eighteenth Century America.

Islamic Calendar

The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijra calendar, is a lunar calendar used in Islamic religious devotion that is based on the lunar month of Ramadan. The calendar began in the year 622 A.D., commemorating Muhammad’s trip from Mecca to Medina, and has been in use ever since. According to the Islamic calendar, religious festivals and festivities are held on the appropriate days, including the month-long period of fasting and prayer known as Ramadan, which takes place during the ninth month of the calendar.

Islam Symbols

Just as there is no internationally acceptable image or symbol of Islam, there is no single image or symbol of Islam that is universally approved by all Muslims worldwide. Despite the fact that the crescent moon and star picture is considered to have predated Islam and was first used as a sign of the Ottoman Empire, the crescent moon and star image has been embraced as a symbol of Islam in several mostly Muslim nations. In various other contexts, like as the International Red Cross and Red Crescenthumanitarian help movement, a red crescent signifies that Muslims are accepted and treated as such by their fellow citizens.

As a result, the color green is sometimes connected with Islam, as it was supposedly a favorite hue of Muhammad’s, and it is frequently depicted prominently on the flags of nations with a largely Muslim population.

Five Pillars of Islam

Muslims adhere to five fundamental pillars that are fundamental to their faith. These are some examples:

  • Declaring one’s trust in God and confidence in Muhammad is known as a Shahada. Salat: a five-times-a-day prayer (at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening) that includes the following: Zakat is a religious obligation to contribute to people in need. Sawm: to refrain from eating or drinking during Ramadan
  • It is obligatory for all Muslims to do the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetime (if they are physically able to do so).

Sharia Law

The legal system of Islam is referred to as Sharia Law. This faith-based code of behavior advises Muslims on how they should live their lives in practically every aspect of their lives, including marriage and family life. Men and women are required to dress modestly under Sharia law. It also includes recommendations for Muslim marriages as well as other moral concepts for Muslims. Those who break the rule are subjected to draconian penalties under Sharia law, which is well-known. In certain countries, for example, the punishment for stealing is amputating the offender’s hand.

Many Muslims, on the other hand, are opposed to such harsh measures.

Muslim Prayer

Building the first mosque in Medina is attributed to the prophet Muhammad, who did it in the courtyard of his residence in Medina. Some of the precepts he established in 622 A.D. continue to be followed by mosques today. A mosque’s big open area or outdoor courtyard is frequently used for Muslim prayer. When praying in a mosque, a mihrab is a decorative feature or niche that symbolizes the direction to Mecca and, consequently, the direction to face when praying. Separate prayers are offered for men and women, and Muslims are permitted to attend a mosque five times a day for each of the five prayer periods.

Muslim Holidays

A mosque in Medina’s courtyard, which was built by the prophet Muhammad, is often regarded as one of the world’s earliest. Some of the precepts he established in 622 A.D. continue to be followed by mosques today. Muslim prayer is frequently held in a mosque’s big open area or outdoor courtyard. When praying in a mosque, a mihrab is a decorative feature or niche that denotes the direction to Mecca and, hence, the direction to face during prayer. Islam allows Muslims to attend a mosque five times a day for each of the prayer hours, with men and women praying in distinct areas of the mosque.

Islam Today

Recently, Islam’s alleged relationship with terrorism and mass murder has provoked heated political controversy in a number of nations, particularly in the Middle East. Radical Islam” has become a well-known moniker to define the religion’s association with acts of violence, despite its use being contentious at the time. Surveys recently conducted have revealed that in nations with large Muslim populations, the vast majority of Muslims hold highly unfavorable attitudes about terrorist organizations such as ISIS.

Islam is currently the fastest-growing religion in the world. According to experts, Islam will overtake Christianity as the world’s most popular religion by the end of the century.


Islam,BBC. Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. Religious Tolerance is increasing in number. Islam in a Nutshell, CNN. The Fundamentals of Islam, and PBS. What is Sharia Law, and how does it work in practice? BBC. ISIS is reviled in countries with large Muslim populations, and this is especially true in Europe. Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan research organization. The Religion Library’s Islam Rituals and Worship: Symbolism section has further information. The Islamic Calendar is available at TimeandDate.com.

Five Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam are the most significant Islamic practices, and they are listed here. The five pillars of Islam are as follows: shahada, salah, zakat,sawm, and hajj (religious pilgrimage).


The affirmation of belief in one God (Allah) and His messenger (Muhammad) (peace be upon him).


Every Muslim is obligated to perform the ritual prayer five times a day for the rest of their lives.


Giving a percentage of a Muslim’s wealth to people in need throughout the course of their lifetime is known as zakat.


Fasting is a religious practice that takes place during the holy month of Ramadan.


Every Muslim is obligated to make the sacred pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime, if it is within their financial means.

What do the 5 pillars of Islam mean?

In Islam, there are five fundamental practices that all Muslims are required to adhere to throughout their lives. These activities are referred to as “pillars” because they serve as the cornerstone of Muslim life and are therefore considered essential. Shahada, Salah, Zakat, Sawm, and Hajj are the five pillars of Islam, which are sometimes known as the Five Pillars of Islam.

Why are the five pillars of Islam important?

In order to convey the core of Islam as a religion of peace and obedience to Allah SWT into the everyday life of every Muslim, each of the five pillars must function in concert with the others: One of Islam’s most important tenets is the belief in Muhammad (peace be upon him) as God’s final messenger, and repeating the Shahada (shahadah) in prayer every day serves to remind Muslims of this fundamental conviction.

It is customary to do Salah (salat) five times a day, which provides five distinct chances for remembering of Allah SWT and our goal in this life: to glorify Him.

Throughout the year, theSawmprovides Muslims with a chance to gain control over their basic human requirements.

While offeringSadaqah (charity) on a regular basis is strongly recommended as part of ordinary Muslim living, it is mandatory to offerZakat (alms) once a year in order to ensure that money is regularly redistributed to those in need.

The Hajj (pilgrimage) requires Muslims to dress in the same plain attire and to conduct the same ceremonial acts of devotion to Allah, regardless of where they are in the world. People are reminded that they are all equal before God since they have been stripped of their worldly difference.

Facts about the five pillars of Islam

  • When it comes to fulfilling the five pillars of Islam, there is no set sequence to follow because they are all of equal significance. It doesn’t matter if it’s daily, yearly, or once in a lifetime
  • Each of them has their own set of scheduled hours, places, and rules to follow. A Muslim is required to adhere to each pillar and everything that it implies for the rest of their lives. There are provisions in each pillar for persons who may be unable to fulfill one or more of them, for example, owing to bad health, menstrual irregularities or pregnancy, or a lack of financial resources, among other reasons
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Tenets of Islam

Islam places a strong emphasis on acts rather than dogma. When it comes to a person’s actions (din), they are more essential than their beliefs (iman). For the Muslim, all acts fall into one of five categories: those that are necessary, those that are recommended, those that are allowed, those that are abhorrent, and those that are banned. However, because there are so many variances across the many kinds of religion, there is no universal agreement on a large number of behaviors. As is true of most religions, there are differences of opinion among devotees on how to interpret the many religious literatures and traditions that have been passed down through the generations.

Despite the variety of Islam, all of its manifestations seem to revolve around “The Five Pillars of Islam.” All of these deeds are considered to be the basic works of a Muslim.

The Five Pillars of Islam include:

  1. “There is no deity but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger,” says the Shahadah, or Confession of Faith. A person can convert to Islam with a single recitation of this short confession of the Islamic faith, which is found in the Quran. In Islam, the Muslim adheres to two fundamental beliefs: the oneness of Allah and the authority of Muhammad as Allah’s messenger. The oneness of Allah is a fundamental principle of Islamic belief. The Christian view of the triune nature of God is seen as shirk, a sin that cannot be forgiven. Shirk is derived from a root word that means “to share,” and it is used to refer to any sort of blasphemy, from idolatry to polytheism, in general. To equate any person or thing with the singular Allah (as Christians do in confessing the deity of the Son and Spirit) is to violate the Islamic understanding of monotheism (tawhid)
  2. To equate any person or thing with the singular Allah (as Christians do in confessing the deity of the Son and Spirit) is to violate the Islamic understanding of monotheism (tawhid). Salat (Ritual Prayer): Muslims pray five times a day towards Mecca in the direction of Mecca. The prayer is often preceded by the proclamation of Allahu Akbar (“Allah is most great”), followed by bows, prostrations, and recitations from the Qu’ran, among other elements. This is followed with theshahadahand, which is a greeting of peace that is repeated twice
  3. Sawm: Fasting – During Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, all Muslim adults are obliged to abstain from eating, drinking, and engaging in sexual activity from dawn to sunset. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Following this period of introspection and discipline, a three-day “Feast of the Breaking of the Fast” (Id al-Fitr) is observed, which is celebrated in many countries as a time for exchanging presents. Zakat (Almsgiving) is a religious practice in which people give alms to those in need. Originally intended to address economic inequalities, a tithe of accumulated wealth and assets (rather than merely income) is expected as part of the agreement. The practice of zakat varies widely depending on the setting in which it is carried out. In some nations, it is mandated by the government, and in others, it is more of a volunteer endeavor. Furthermore, the distribution of alms is diverse: it ranges from caring for the needs of the poor to zakatcollectors themselves and those fighting for a religious cause
  4. It also includes providing for the needs of orphans and widows. The Hajj (Mecca Pilgrimage) is a religious pilgrimage. Every year, millions of Muslims go to Mecca to perform their religious duties. In order to be considered a devoted Muslim, one must make the trip at least once in their lifetime. It is a multi-day festival that includes a number of different ceremonial rituals, beginning with a visit to the Kaaba (a large cube-shaped monument which is the holiest site in Islam). Thehajjis formally came to a close with a three-day “Feast of Sacrifice,” however many pilgrims continued on to Medina to visit Muhammad’s mosque and mausoleum, which is located there.


Jihad is considered to be the sixth pillar of Islam. The phrase generally conjures up images of holy war in the Western imagination, although this is only one of three possible meanings for the term, which literally means “battle” in its most basic sense. Additionally, jihadis were used to allude to the inner fight of the individual Muslim to submit to Allah’s will as well as the communal effort to enhance theumma or Islamic society in addition to its violent connotation. We enjoy developing practical discipleship materials to assist you in growing in your knowledge and love of God.

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Identify and describe the basic tenets of Islam. How did these beliefs and daily practices affect the relationship between Muslims? What bout between.

It is the sixth pillar of Islam, and it is called Jihad. The phrase often conjures up images of holy war in the Western imagination, yet this is only one of three possible meanings for the term, which literally means “battle” in its most basic form. Additionally, jihadis were used to allude to the inner fight of the individual Muslim to submit to Allah’s will as well as the communal effort to enhance theumma or Islamic society in addition to its violent connotations. Making practical, discipleship materials to help you know and love God more deeply is something we like doing very much!

Diversity and Inclusion – Syracuse University

There are approximately 1.8 billion Muslims on the planet; on our campus alone, a significant number of students identify themselves as Muslim. Muslim adherents hold to the same essential principles, yet they come in a variety of colors and ethnicities, as well as shapes and sizes, and their views may alter depending on what sort of Muslim they are. Due to the large number of Muslims in the globe, as well as those who live on our campus community, knowing their essential beliefs and some major parts of their religion can widen your perspectives and give you a better appreciation for someone who may believe something different from you.

  • What exactly is Islam?
  • Mohammed, the Prophet Muhammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in 570 CE and is widely considered to be the founder of Islam.
  • What exactly is a Muslim?
  • Islamic law, according to Imam Duric, defines Muslim as an Arabic term that denotes surrender and is derived from a word that denotes peace.
  • Some people are born into Muslim households, while others convert to Islam, or revert, and therefore become a member of the faith.
  • Islam’s views can be expressed in a variety of ways, or sects, although the vast majority of Muslims are Sunni (pronounced soo nee), with just a small number of Shi’ites (pronounced shee ait) left.
  • As Shi’ites believe that the Prophet Muhammed’s son-in-law ‘Ali was his intended successor, they think that Muslims should be headed by someone who is also a designated descendent of the Prophet.

It was founded by Wallace D.

Fard Muhammed was succeeded by Elijah Muhammad, who was a member of Fard Muhammed’s temple and was active in the community.

Timur Yuskaev, it is said that “in 1975, Elijah Muhammad died, and his son, Wallace Muhammad, took over as leader and spiritual leader of the Nation of Islam.” His efforts to gradually convert members of the organization to Sunni Islam began after he assumed control of the organization.

After Elijah’s son, Warith Deen Muhammad (later changed to Warith Deen Mohammed) acquired the name Warith Deen Muhammad (later changed to Warith Deen Mohammed), the majority of members of the Nation embraced the Sunni Muslim identity.

The most well-known of these organizations was the rebuilt Nation of Islam led by Minister Louis Farrakhan (1933-).

You can’t determine if someone is a Muslim just on their appearance.

Some Muslims follow a particular style of dress that is based on instructions from the Qur’an that have been interpreted into their cultural context.

Some Muslim women choose to cover their heads with a hijab, a scarf that covers their neck and hair, or a burka, which covers their entire body, leaving just their eyes exposed — there are many additional options, but not all Muslim women choose to cover their heads.

If these clothing standards are followed strictly in a given nation, then dress regulations may also be enforced at certain religious locations.

What are the fundamental principles of Islam?

Muslims believe that the best performance is achieved via the use of three dimensions.

What do Muslims do in this situation? The religion of Islam encourages Muslims to put their faith first and to incorporate it into their daily lives. Muslims practice the Five Pillars of Islam in order to achieve this goal; these five pillars comprise Islam’s first dimension: justice.

  1. It is claimed that there is an one God and that Muhammad is his prophet. This is known as Shahadah (pronounced shuh haa dah), and it is said as “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger.” It is customary to pray five times a day in this manner, as well. Salah (pronounced sa la hey) is the name of the character. These prayers take place a) before sunrise, b) in the middle of the day, c) in the late afternoon, d) after sunset, and e) between sunset and the time of midnight. Praying five times a day establishes a routine for the day and, because these prayers are held all over the world, they foster a sense of community among Muslims
  2. Allocating a percentage of your money to certain categories of people, such as the poor Zakat (pronounced zuh kat) is a religious tax. It is only those who have a specified amount of money who are needed to pay Zakat, and for those who do, there are specific sums that must be paid each year based on the sort of cash that a person possesses. Ramadan is a month of fasting. Hello, my name is Sawm (pronounced saam). Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, which is a lunar calendar, which implies that the month does not remain constant over time and fluctuates with the seasons. Ramadan is the holiest month of the year because it commemorates the day when God, or Allah, revealed to the Prophet Muhammad the first revelation of the Qur’an, which consisted of around five verses. Ramadan is observed on the first day of the month of Ramadan. During Ramadan, Muslims abstain from eating or drinking, smoking, engaging in sexual activity, and having negative thoughts or doing sinful behaviors. Among other things, this fasting is intended to improve self-discipline and a better relationship with God
  3. Making a pilgrimage to Mecca. This is the Hajj pilgrimage (pronounced haj). Because the rites of Hajj purify sins that have been committed, it is advised that every Muslim who is able should travel to Mecca at least once throughout maturity in order to be spiritually reborn. On this trip, Muslims circle the holy shrine Kaaba (pronounced kah ba) seven times, worship God collectively as a community and participate in various rites.

Just as no member of a religion is completely homogeneous, some Muslims will adhere to each of the five pillars while others may adhere to only a few of them. What do Muslims hold as their beliefs? Islam’s second dimension is represented through the Six Articles of Faith, which Muslims consider to be true:

  1. Religions that believe in God (Allah)
  2. Religions that believe in angels Religion based on belief in four divinely inspired writings, namely, the Qur’an (as revealed to Muhammad), the Gospel (as revealed to Jesus Christ), the Torah (as revealed to the Jewish prophet Moses), and the Psalms (as revealed to the Israeli monarch David)
  3. Belief in God’s messengers, his prophets, and their messages Religion based on belief in the Last Day, often known as the Day of Judgment, when all life comes to an end, the dead are raised, and their acts and actions are assessed Islam’s belief in predestination is the concept that Allah knows all that will happen in the future, but that this does not interfere with humans’ ability to make their own decisions

In accordance with Ihsan, the third dimension of Islam, Muslims should strive for perfection, or excellence, in their worship, which will lead to excellence in all of their actions as a result. “To worship God as though you see Him, and if you are unable to see Him, to worship God as though He sees you,” it says specifically. What do Muslims consume on a daily basis? You might have noticed that there are halal food options available in the dining halls. These choices are available to Muslims who wish to adhere to the Qur’anic guidelines about food and its intake.

Muslims believe that all life, including the lives of animals, is precious, and as a result, the Qur’an instructs Muslims to eat meat from animals that have been murdered in a manner that minimizes their agony and misery as much as possible before consumption.

Alcohol, pork, meat, and food products derived from animals that were not slaughtered in a specific manner are examples of foods that are not halal in Islam.

Discriminating against Muslims in today’s society involves the act of limiting or prohibiting participation or non-participation of Muslims in certain activities ranging from schools to employment to housing to businesses to public parks and other areas and activities that are otherwise available to the general public and people of other religions.

Microaggressions caused by prejudice, such as remarks, comments, taunts, and direct speech hurdled toward them regarding them or their religion, can cause fear, intimidation, humiliation, despair, and discouragement from being a Muslim in addition to the aforementioned issues.

What comes next?

If you have any more inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact our Islamic Chaplain.

Hajj (pronounced haj) is the trip to Mecca undertaken by Muslim adults.

Halal food or items are those that are permitted to be consumed or used according to the Qur’an (pronounced huh laal).

Islamic doctrines are divided into three categories: Islam, Iman (pronounced ee mon), and Ihsan (pronounced ih san).

The Qur’an (pronounced kr aan) is the central text of Islamic religion.

The second of Islam’s five pillars is called tawhid.

The fourth pillar of Islam is the concept of sacrifice.

The first of Islam’s five pillars is the concept of justice.

Muslims are the second most numerous Muslim sect after Sunnis.

Sunni Muslims (pronounced soo nee) constitute the majority of Muslims worldwide. Zakat (pronounced zuh kat) is the practice of donating a portion of your wealth to those in need. The third of Islam’s five pillars is called tawhid.

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