What Are Two Of The Holiest Cities Of Islam? (Perfect answer)

The two holiest sites of Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia are directly mentioned or referred to in the Quran.

What is the third most sacred city of Islam?

  • The third most sacred city in Islam is Jerusalem, which was the original qibla (direction of prayer) before it was changed to Mecca. Jerusalem is revered because, in Muslim tradition, Muhammad miraculously traveled to Jerusalem by night and ascended from there into heaven.


What are the 3 holiest cities in Islam?

the three holy cities of Islam are Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem.

What is Islam holiest city?

Mecca, Arabic Makkah, ancient Bakkah, city, western Saudi Arabia, located in the Ṣirāt Mountains, inland from the Red Sea coast. It is the holiest of Muslim cities. Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was born in Mecca, and it is toward this religious centre that Muslims turn five times daily in prayer (see qiblah).

What is the 2nd holiest site in Islam?

Al-Masjid an-Nabawī (The Prophet’s Mosque), Medina It is the second-holiest site in Islam, after the Great Mosque in Mecca. It is always open, regardless of date or time. Masjid an-Nabawi is also the resting site of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) and his two companions, Abu Bakr and Umar.

What are the two holiest cities in Islam click or tap all that apply?

Mecca and Medina: The History of Islam’s Holiest Cities traces the history of the second most important cities in Islam.

Which is the most holiest city in the world?


  • Varanasi, one of the oldest and holiest cities of Hinduism.
  • Amritsar, the holiest city of Sikhism.
  • Haram-e-Sharif, or Temple Mount in Jerusalem, a holy city in Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
  • Kaaba in Mecca, the holiest city of Islam.

How do you spell MECA?

Also Mek·ka; Mak·kah [mak-kuh, -kah]. a city in and the capital of Hejaz, in westerm Saudi Arabia: birthplace of Muhammad; spiritual center of Islam. (often lowercase) any place that many people visit or hope to visit: The president’s birthplace is a mecca for his admirers.

What is Christianity’s holiest city?

The city of Jerusalem is sacred to many religious traditions, including the Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam which consider it a holy city. Some of the most sacred places for each of these religions are found in Jerusalem and the one shared between all three is the Temple Mount.

What are the 2 holy cities of Christianity?

Holy Sites of Christianity

  • Jerusalem. Along the boundaries of West Bank in modern-day Israel lies Jerusalem, one of the oldest cities in the world.
  • Bethlehem.
  • Sephoria.
  • Sea of Galilee.

Why is Medina the second holy city?

It is the second holiest city in Islam, after Mecca. Medina is celebrated as the place from which Muhammad established the Muslim community (ummah) after his flight from Mecca (622 ce) and is where his body is entombed. A pilgrimage is made to his tomb in the city’s chief mosque.

What are the important places of Islam?

Some important Islamic holy places include the Kaaba shrine in Mecca, the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, and the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina. The Quran (or Koran) is the major holy text of Islam.

Which city did Muhammad and his followers flee?

On September 24, 622, the prophet Muhammad completes his Hegira, or “flight,” from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution. In Medina, Muhammad set about building the followers of his religion—Islam—into an organized community and Arabian power. The Hegira would later mark the beginning (year 1) of the Muslim calendar.

Why do Muslims consider the Quran sacred?

For Muslims the Qur’an is the most important source of authority as it is believed to be the revealed word of God. Muslims believe it is the most sacred text and contains ultimate guidance for all humankind.

How did Islam spread north Africa?

Following the conquest of North Africa by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century CE, Islam spread throughout West Africa via merchants, traders, scholars, and missionaries, that is largely through peaceful means whereby African rulers either tolerated the religion or converted to it themselves.

Holiest sites in Sunni Islam – Wikipedia

According to Sunni Muslims, locations linked with Ahl al-Bayt, the Four Rightly Guided Caliphs, and their family members are considered holy by them. Mecca, Medina, andJerusalem are the three holiest cities in Islam, according to the Islamic calendar.


During night prayers, thousands of worshipers throng the Grand Mosque, its roof, and the surrounding regions. The Kaaba (also known as the Cube in Arabic) is the most revered place in Islam. It is bordered by the Masjid-al-Haram (Holy Mosque). During the Hajj season, the mosque is unable to accommodate the large number of pilgrims that congregate on the surrounding streets to worship. During the Eid prayers, more than 2 million believers congregate to pray. According to Islamic beliefs, Allah used the word mosque to refer to the locations built by Ibrhm (Abraham) and his offspring as places of prayer to God hundreds of years before the revelation of the Quran.

In the same way, when We allocated to Ibrahim the House, We told him, “Do not mingle with Me in any way; and cleanse My House for those who make the circuit and stand to pray, bowing and prostrating themselves.” And keep in mind that Prophet Abraham and Isma’il laid the foundations of the House (with the prayer, “Our Lord!”).

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi

The Mosque of the Prophet, also known as Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (Arabic: , pronounced) and located in Medina, is the second holiest place in Islam after the Kaaba. The Mosque was originally Muhammad’s home, where he resided following his journey to Medina and later erected a mosque on the grounds of the compound. He himself participated in the strenuous labor of building. The first mosque was constructed in an open-air setting. The mosque operated as a community center, a courtroom, and a religious school, among other functions.

In fact, the fundamental design of the mosque has been used in the construction of numerous mosques across the world.

The green dome that rises over the middle of the mosque, where Muhammad’s grave is located, is the most prominent element of the monument, according to visitors.

Abu Bakr and Umar, two early Muslim leaders, are buried alongside Muhammad.

Al-Aqsa Mosque

Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque is a must-see. The Temple Mount, also known as Masjid al-Aqsa al-Aram al-Arf (the Noble Sanctuary), is a holy site in both Shia and Sunni Islam that is located in the Old City of Jerusalem and widely regarded as the Temple Mount. The Temple Mount is a holy site in both Shia and Sunni Islam that is located in the Old City of Jerusalem and widely regarded as the Temple Mount. It consists of the Al-Aqsa mosque as well as the Dome of the Rock. It is the third holiest location in Sunni Islam, and it is also recognized as the holiest site in the globe by Judaism, which considers it to be the holiest site on the planet.

  • The Al-Aqsa Mosque is considered sacred since it was the first of the two Qiblas (Arabic: ) to be pointed towards Jerusalem.
  • According to Islamic Law, the mosque is also the third of two sacred Sanctuaries (Arabic: ) that must be visited.
  • It does not refer to physical structures, but rather to a location, as Muhammad stated, “The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying.” An Islamic prayer structure was constructed on the location after Caliph Umar seized Jerusalem following Muhammad’s wafat.
  • A series of earthquakes demolished and rebuilt the edifice several times until it was finally reconstructed in 1033 by the FatimidcaliphAli az-Zahir, and it is this form of the monument that can still be seen today in the city.
  • A large number of people think it is the location from where Muhammad is reported to have ascended to heaven, but alternative ideas contend that it was from a mosque in Medina, Jir’ana, or Kufa.
  • The Quran does not mention Jerusalem by name, but it is considered as a hallowed location on the basis of various allusions that have been connected to Jerusalem by subsequent Islamic traditions such as thehadith.
  • Muslims, particularly throughout the Umayyad period, were motivated by the Fadhail of Jerusalem to elevate the holiness of the city above and beyond its standing as a sacred site in the holy books.
  • Later medieval texts, as well as contemporary political tracts, tend to rank al-Aqsa Mosque as the third holiest place in Islam, according to the majority of scholars.

In addition, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) considers the al-Aqsa Mosque to be the third holiest place in Islam, after Mecca and Medina (and calls for Arab sovereignty over it).

Umayyad Mosque

Umayyad Mosque (on the right) and the Minaret of Isa (on the left) (on the left) The Umayyad Mosque in Damascus is considered by some Muslims to be the fourth holiest shrine in Islam, and it is located in the city’s historic district. One of the four approved manuscripts of the Quran was housed here, and the head of Yahya ibn Zakariyya is said to reside in the shrine. When it comes to the Umayyad Mosque, it is dedicated to Isa (Jesus). It is believed that he will return to the world at the minaret during the time of a Fajr prayer, and that he will pray at the mosque with Mahdi (the current Islamic leader), who is believed to be the leader of the Islamic community at the time.

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Ibrahimi Mosque

The Mosque as seen from the south. There are graves of the Prophet Abraham and some of his family at the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron, West Bank, Palestinian territories, and it was said that Muhammad himself encouraged the activity, saying: “He who cannot visit me, let him visit the Tomb of Abraham,” and that “Whoever visits the Tomb of Abraham, Allah abolishes his sins.”

Tombs of Biblical prophets

  • It is the tomb of Daniel (Daniyal) that holds the tomb of the Islamic prophet Daniel. The Nabi Habeel Mosque in Syria – which houses the burial of Abel (Arabic:Habeel), the son of Adam and Eve
  • The mosque was established by the Ottoman ruler of theDamascus Eyalet, Ahmad Pasha ibn Ridwan
  • And the mosque is dedicated to the memory of the Prophet Muhammad. Syria’s Great Mosque of Aleppo – which houses the bones of Prophet Zechariah, father of John the Baptist – is a must-see attraction.
  • In Upper Galilee, Israel, there is a tomb dedicated to Prophet Joshua called Al-Nabi Yusha’.

Other places

  • Quba Mosque- is a mosque located outside of Medina that was built by Muhammad and is the world’s first mosque ever built. The Cave of Hirais, which is located on the mountain known asJabal al-Nour, is the cave where Muhammad received the revelation of the first verses of the Quran. Masjid al-Qiblatainin Medina, Saudi Arabia – is the mosque where the direction of prayer (qibla) was moved from Jerusalem to Mecca
  • It is also known as the “Mosque of the Qiblatain” in Arabic. In Al-Baqi’, the oldest Islamic cemetery, CaliphUthman, Fatimah, CaliphHasan ibn Ali, and Aishawer are buried. Al-Baqi’ is also the site of the first Islamic funeral. The Imam Ali Mosque is the mosque where Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib is buried
  • It was built in the year 610. The Imam Husayn Shrine is the mosque where Imam Husayn ibn Ali, and his relatives such as Abbas ibn Ali, Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn, Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn, Habib ibn Muzahir, and other Martyrs of Karbal were buried
  • Ibrhm, son of Musa al-Kazim- the direct descendant of the Islamic prophet
  • The Eyüp Sultan Mosque, also known as the türbe of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari in Istanbul, Turkey, was constructed by the Ottoman Sultans.

See also

  • In Istanbul, Turkey, the Eyüp Sultan Mosque, which was erected by the Ottoman Sultans on the site of the turbe of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, is a must-see attraction.


  1. Mettah al-Bukhari,2:21:288
  2. Quran22:26,2:127
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  4. Masjid al-Aqsa, “Dome of Masjid al-Aqsa”
  5. Sahih al-Bukhari,2:21:288
  6. The Madain Project is a collaborative effort amongst a group of people who want to make a difference in the world. The original version of this article was published on May 19, 2020. Quran17:1
  7. Lindsay, James
  8. Retrieved on May 19, 2020
  9. (2005). The Routines of Daily Life in the Medieval Islamic World Wendy Doninger, ed., Greenwood Press, pp.142–143, ISBN 0-313-32270-8
  10. AbWendy Doninger, ed., Greenwood Press, pp.142–143, ISBN 0-313-32270-8
  11. AbWendy Doninger, ed (1999-09-01). The Merriam-Encyclopedia Webster’s of World Religions is a resource for learning about different religions across the world. “Islamic History of Masjid Al Aqsa,” by Merriam-Webster, p.70, ISBN0-87779-044-2, reviewed on Google Books
  12. “Merriam-Webster Dictionary of the English Language,” p.70, ISBN0-87779-044-2, reviewed on Google Books
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  14. Oleg Grabar, THE HARAM AL-SHARF: AN ESSAY IN INTERPRETATION, BRIIFS vol. 2 number 2 (Autumn 2000)”Archived copy”. The original version of this article was published on October 4, 2012. Retrieved2012-10-04. Palestine Encyclopedia Volume 4, page 203
  15. Palestine Encyclopedia Volume 3, page 23
  16. “Eyewitness: Inside al-Aqsa”
  17. “Eyewitness: Inside al-Aqsa”. The BBC reported on the 20th of March, 2002. Archived from the original on 2010-05-04
  18. MEMRI: Special Dispatch Series – No. 564
  19. Al-Waqidi,Kitab al-Maghazi9th century (Oxford UP, 1966, vol. 3, p. 958-9). Jirana, which Muhammad visited in 630, is approximately 10 miles (16 kilometers) north of Mecca
  20. The Early Arab Period (638-1099) is divided into two parts: Hashimi, Sohail H
  21. And colleagues (2003-05-07). “Political Boundaries and Moral Communities: Islamic Perspectives” is the title of this article. Allen E. Buchannan and Margaret Moore’s book (eds.). States, nations, and borders: the ethics of drawing lines between people. Google books has a review of Cambridge University Press, pp.192–193, ISBN 0-521-52575-6
  22. Abdallah el-Khatib el-Khatib el-Khatib (1 May 2001). “Jerusalem as depicted in the Qur’an.” 28(1): 25–53
  23. Doi: 10.1080/13530190120034549. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, vol. 28, no. 1. The original version of this article was published on December 9, 2012. Talhami, Ghada Hashem (November 2006)
  24. Talhami, Ghada Hashem (February 2000). In “The Modern History of Islamic Jerusalem: Academic Myths and Propaganda,” the author delves into the myths and propaganda surrounding the Islamic capital. Middle East Policy Journal, Vol. VII, No. 14, ISSN 1061-1924, published by Blackwell Publishing. The original version of this article was published on November 16, 2006. Silverman, Jonathan (November 2006)
  25. Retrieved on November 17th, 2006. (6 May 2005). “It is the polar antithesis of sanctity.” “Resolution No. 2/2-IS”, which was retrieved on November 17, 2006. The Second Islamic Summit Conference is taking place. The Organization of the Islamic Conference was established on February 24, 1974. The original version of this article was published on October 14, 2006. Obtainable on November 17, 2006
  26. AbJanet L. Abu-Lughod (contributor) is a member of the team (2007). “Damascus”. The authors Dumper, Michael R. T., and Stanley, Bruce E., eds (eds.). Cities in the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia is a historical encyclopedia of cities in the Middle East and North Africa. Page numbers 119–126 in ABC-CLIO, ISBN 978-1-5760-7919-5
  27. Sarah Birke is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom (2013-08-02), Damascus: What’s Left, New York Review of Books
  28. Damascus: What’s Left, New York Review of Books
  29. Totah, Faedah M. Totah, Faedah M. (2009). “Return to the origin: reconciling the contemporary and the unmodern in Damascus’s ancient city” is the title of this article. citysociety.21(1): 58–81
  30. Doi: 10.1111/j.1548-744X.2009.01015
  31. Linda Kay Davidson and David Martin Gitliz are the authors of this work. Pilgrimage: From the Ganges to Graceland: an Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 91
  32. Pilgrimage: From the Ganges to Graceland: an Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 91
  33. Pilgrimage:


  • Aghaie, Kamran Scot, and others (2004). Iranian Shi’i Symbols and Rituals in the Modern Age: The Martyrs of Karbala. It is published by the University of Washington Press (ISBN 0-295-98448-1)
  • Mohammad Baqer, Mohammad Baqer Majlisi Bihar al-AnwarV.97. (in Arabic)
  • Bihar al-AnwarV.97. Yaacov and Shimoni Evyatar Levine, Evyatar (1974). The Political Dictionary of the Middle East throughout the twentieth century. Publisher: Quadrangle/New York Times Book Co
  • Author: Zabeth, Hyder Reza (1999). Landmarks in the city of Mashhad. Published in the United Kingdom by Alhoda Publishing (ISBN964-444-221-0).

7 Holiest Sites In Islam

Year after year, more than 2 million Muslims from all over the world come together in Mecca to do the hajj, which is a religious obligation for Muslims that must be fulfilled at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are both physically and financially capable of doing so. Despite the fact that the pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims, is necessary,. Al-Masjid Al-Arm (Al-Masjid Al-Arm) (The Sacred Mosque) Mecca – The Center of Spirituality Every year, over 2 million Muslims from all over the world travel to Mecca to perform the hajj, which is a religious obligation for all Muslims who are physically and financially capable of doing so.

  • Despite the fact that Muslims are required to travel to Mecca, the holiest city on the planet, many Muslims enjoy visiting other places that are also considered holy.
  • However, we cannot help but be impressed by the cultural and spiritual significance of these locations: The Sacred Mosque in Mecca is known as Al-Masjid Al-arm (The Sacred Mosque).
  • The Great Mosque, which covers an area of 356,800 square meters, is the biggest mosque in the world.
  • Al-Masjid an-Nabawī (The Prophet’s Mosque), Medina The Prophet’s Mosque (Al-Masjid an-Nabawi) is a mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
  • It was one of the earliest mosques established by Muhammad and is today one of the largest mosques in the world.
  • It is always open, regardless of day or hour.
  • Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa mosque is a world-renowned pilgrimage destination.

It is the third holiest location in Islam, after Mecca and Medina.

Iraqi Imam Ali (Imam Ali) Imam Ali (a.k.a.

It is home to Ali, Muhammad’s brother, who is buried within its walls.

Najaf, after Mecca and Medina, is regarded as the world’s third holiest Islamic city in terms of religious significance.

It is the most contentious piece of real estate in the world since it is the holiest site for Christians, Jews, and Muslims all across the world.

Mali’s Great Mosque of Djenne is a must-see.

Mali – Sacred Places to Visit The Great Mosque of Djenne in Mali is a mud-brick structure that is regarded an architectural triumph of the Sudano-Sahelian architectural style.

It is situated in the flood plain of the Bani River, in the city of Djenne, and is accessible by road.

The existing edifice, which was constructed in 1907, is a landmark.

The Quba Mosque and Medina Skyscrapecity is located in the Quba Mosque Medina.

Upon arriving in Medina after his departure from Mecca, Prophet Muhammad himself placed the foundation stones for the mosque, which is still standing today. It is a highly important mosque for Muslims since worshiping at this mosque is regarded to be a very sacred deed by them.

what are the two holy cities of islam

The Kaaba is a sacred building in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The three holiest locations in Islam are: 1) the Masjid al-Haram, or Grand Mosque, (in Mecca); 2) the Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, or Prophet’s Mosque, (in Medina); and 3) the Al-Aqsa Mosque, which is located on the site of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. After the four holiest places of Islam (Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, and Damascus), the Shia pilgrimage sites of Najaf, Karbala, and Qomar are the most venerated.

What is Christianity’s holiest city?

‘The Kaaba’ is an Arabic word that means “the house of God.” Islamic holy places include the Masjid al-Haram, also known as the Grand Mosque, in Mecca; the Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, also known as the Prophet’s Mosque, in Medina; and the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. Najaf, Karbala, and Qomar are the most venerated Shia pilgrimage sites after the four Islamic holy cities of Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem and Damascus.

What are the two main sects of this religion?

The schism that exists between Sunnis and Shias is the greatest and most ancient in Islamic history. Historically, members of the two religions have lived side by side for centuries and have a number of core beliefs and practices in common. However, there are significant differences in philosophy, ritual, law, theology, and religious organization.

Who are the Hanafi Muslims?

Hanafi is one of the four schools of thought (madhabs / Maddhabs) of religious jurisprudence (fiqh) within Sunni Islam, and it is also known as the Hanafi school of thought. The Hanafi school of Imam Abu Hanifa, which was named after its founder, is the most important school among Iraqi Sunni Arabs. In making legal judgments, it makes extensive use of logic and reasoning or expert opinion.

What are the two main sects of Islam Class 7?

Shia Islam and Sunni Islam are the two major sects of Islam.

What are the two holy cities?

The holy towns of Makkah and Medina, which are home to some of the world’s most prominent Islamic structures, including the Masjid Al Haram, or Grand Mosque, which contains the Kaaba, are at the heart of religious life for the world’s 1.2 billion Muslim people.

What are two holy places?

The Mahabodhi Temple is located in Bodh Gaya, India (Buddhism)

  • Attractions in Israel number 13854. Varanasi, India, has 53 attractions, including the Vatican. There are 1359 attractions. Makkah. Saudi Arabia is a country in the Middle East. Amritsar, India, has 1555 points of interest. Ise, Japan has 1328 tourist attractions. 1519 Attractions in Jerusalem
  • Jerusalem. Israel. Attractions in the year 1833. Bodh Gaya, India, has 239 tourist attractions.
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What are the two holy places in Saudi Arabia?

In addition to having sovereign rule over Islam’s two holiest cities, Makkah al-Mukarramh (Mecca) and al-Muqarramh (Al Madinah), Saudi Arabia also has the ability to exert influence over modern Islam (Medina).

How many holy cities are there?

According to Jewish tradition, the four holiest cities are Jerusalem, Tiberias, Hebron, and Safed, and they are located in the northern part of the country.

Is Mecca a holy city?

Mecca—officially referred to as “Makkah”—is the holiest city in Islam. In western Saudi Arabia, near the Red Sea, in the sandy Valley of Abraham (Wadi Ibrihim), it is the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad and the location of an annual Muslim pilgrimage known as the hajj, which takes place during the month of Dhu’l-Hijja (the month of Abraham).

Is Rome a holy city?

A 109-acre city-state governed by the Catholic Church and serving as the seat of Roman Catholicism, Vatican City is located in the Eternal City, Rome, the Eternal City.

At the Basilica of St. Peter (also known as St. Peter’s Basilica). It has been in continuous use as a Christian church since the seventh century, making it one of Rome’s best-preserved ancient structures.

Why is it called Holy City?

Charles Town relocated to its current position (today known as Downtown Charleston) in 1680, and the city was given its current name in 1783, when it became known as Charleston. … Since a result, Charleston received the moniker “Holy City,” as it was renowned for its tolerance for people of all faiths and its abundance of historic churches.

Is a holy city?

A city that members of a religious religion view as particularly sacred, such asJerusalem by Jews and Christians, Mecca and Medina by Muslims, and Varanasi by Hindus, is known as a holiest city.

Who built the Holy City?

A place that members of a religious religion view as particularly sacred, such as Jerusalem by Jews and Christians, Mecca and Medina by Muslims, and Varanasi by Hindus, is referred to as a holiest city.

Can non Muslims go to Mecca?

In addition, non-Muslims are not permitted to access areas of center Medina, where the mosque is located, and are encouraged not to enter the mosque.

Where is Muhammad grave?

Muslims are forbidden from entering Mecca, while non-Muslims are urged not to enter portions of downtown Medina in where the mosque is located.

What is inside Kaaba?

The inside is bare save for the three pillars that support the roof and a handful of silver and gold lamps that hang from the ceiling. The Kaaba is covered with a large fabric of black brocade, known as the kiswah, for the majority of the year. During the Hajj pilgrimage in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the Kaaba is surrounded by people.

Is Bethlehem part of Israel?

As a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Bethlehem fell under Jordanian control, and it was later conquered by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War. Since the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1995, the Palestinian Authority has been in charge of Bethlehem.

What religion is in Russia?

Religion in Russia is varied, with Christianity, particularly Russian Orthodoxy, being the most generally practiced faith, although there are considerable minority of non-religious people and adherents of other faiths as well as significant minorities of non-religious individuals.

Who is the most holy place in the world?

The Seven Most Sacred Places on the Face of the Earth

  1. There are seven places on the planet that are considered to be the most sacred.

Who is beautiful religion in the world?

Islam is referred to be “The Most Beautiful Religion.”

The Sacred City of Mecca: In The Wrong Place? | TRACKS

For Christians, there are two holy cities: Jerusalem and Mecca. christian pilgrimage destinations What is the significance of Mecca, the holiest city in Islam? Judaism’s holiest site, Islamic beliefs, Mecca, Islam, and the Islamic sacred book See more entries in the FAQ category.

What are two of the holiest cities of Islam?

What are the names of two of Islam’s holiest cities?


Islam, the second-most populous religion on the planet, originated in a region within the Arabian Peninsula, in what is now the country of Saudi Arabia, in the 7th Century C.E. Islam, the second-most populous religion on the planet, began in a region within the Arabian Peninsula, in what is today the country of Saudi Arabia. It is believed that the Prophet Muhammad, who is known in Arabic as Allah, received the ultimate revelation from God (known in Arabic as Allah) through the archangel Gabriel, is the founder of the religion of Islam.

Answer and Explanation:

The two holiest cities in Islam are Mecca and Medina, both of which are today located inside the borders of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Mecca is often regarded as the holiest city on the planet. See the complete response below for more information.

Learn more about this topic:

Chapter 2/ Lesson 22 of Islam Facts for Kids is available online. Islam is one of the most widely practiced religions in the world, with over 1.2 billion adherents. In this course, you will learn about the beliefs and practices of persons who adhere to the Islamic religious tradition.

Explore our homework questions and answers library

Mecca is an Arabic word. Makkah, also known as old Bakkah, is a city in western Saudi Arabia located in the Irt Mountains, inland from the Red Sea coast. It was founded by the Prophet Muhammad. It is considered to be the holiest of all Muslim cities. The city of Mecca is the birthplace of Muhammad, the founder of Islam, and it is toward this sacred center that Muslims turn five times daily in prayer (seeqiblah). Ahajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca is something that every committed and capable Muslim attempts at least once in their lives.

  • The city saw significant transformations in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
  • Consequently, Mecca is able to handle the ever-increasing number of pilgrims, known as hajjis, who visit the city.
  • The population was 1,534,731 in 2010.
  • During the Hajj pilgrimage in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the Kaaba is surrounded by people.
  • What about sacred places of worship?

Character of the city

Mecca is located at a height of 909 feet (277 metres) above sea level, in the dry beds of the Wadi Ibrhm and many of its small tributaries, and has a population of around 500,000 people. To the east, the peaks of the irt Mountains rise to 1,332 feet, and to the west, the peaks of Mount (Jabal) Ajyad rise to 1,401 feet, with the highest peak reaching 1,401 feet. To the south-east, the peaks of the Ajyad Mountains rise to 1,332 feet, with the highest peak reaching 1,220 feet, andMount Quayqn rises to 1,401 feet.

Also in this cave, Muhammad got the first verse (ayah) of the holy Qur’an, which he dedicated to Allah.

It is possible to obtain access to the city through four holes in the mountains around it.

They connect the northeastern cities of Min, Araft, and Al-If with the northwesterly city of Medina, the westward city of Jeddah, and the southern city of Yemen with the east. Furthermore, the gaps have dictated the course of modern-day urban development in the city itself.


Despite the fact that Mecca receives just a little amount of precipitation per year, the city is endangered by seasonal flash floods because of its low-lying position. Throughout the year, there is less than 5 inches (130 mm) of rainfall, with the most of it falling during the winter months. Temperatures are high throughout the year, reaching up to 120 degrees Fahrenheit (49 degrees Celsius) in the summer.

Plant and animal life

Plants and animals are in little supply, and those that do exist are those that can resist the high levels of aridity and heat. Tamarinds and acacias of numerous varieties are found in the natural environment. Wild creatures such as wild cats, wolves, hyenas, foxes, mongooses, and kangaroo rats are among those that live in the wild (jerboas).

City layout

Located in the center of town is the Aram Mosque, also known as the Great Mosque, which houses both the Kaaba and the sacred spring of Zamzam, which are both considered to be hallowed. The ancient city, which reaches to the north and southwest but is constrained on the east and west by the neighboring mountains, is a tight built-up region centered around the mosque and including the surrounding area. In the north of the mosque, the main avenues are al-Mudda’ah and Sq al-Layl, while in the south, the main avenue is al-Sq al-aghr.

  • The contemporary residential districts include Al-Azziyyah and Al-Fayaliyyah, which are located along the road to Min and Al-hir, Al-Zahrah and Shri-al-Manr, which are located along the highways to Jeddah and Medina, respectively.
  • In the twenty-first century, a number of towering hotels were constructed in the vicinity of the mosque.
  • The Aram Mosque is the largest mosque in the world in terms of both size and architecture.
  • It is possible to host one million worshippers at a time in the mosque.

The Saudi government constructed the Abrj al-Baytskyscraper complex, which is one of the world’s largest and tallest structures, to the south of the aram Mosque in order to contain hotels, retail malls, and prayer places in close proximity to the sacred sites.


The dwellings in Mecca’s ancient city are more closely packed together than those in the city’s contemporary residential neighborhoods. Traditional two- or three-story structures constructed of native rock are seen throughout the area. Concrete is used in the construction of the villas in the modern neighborhoods. In different sections of the city, slum conditions may still be observed; the slum occupants are primarily impoverished pilgrims who, unable to afford their return home, have chosen to remain in Mecca after arriving for the hajj or for a shorter pilgrimage known as the umrah.


Mecca has a high population density, making it a desirable destination. The majority of the population is located in the ancient city, whilst the densities in the contemporary residential districts are the lowest in the entire city. A total of one to two million pilgrims from different regions of Saudi Arabia and other Muslim nations descend on Mecca during the month-long festival of pilgrimage. Only Muslims are authorized to enter Mecca, according to Islamic law. Mecca, on the other hand, is one of the world’s most cosmopolitan cities, with residents hailing from a diverse range of nations all over the world.

Mecca, The Blessed, Medina, The Radiant: The Holiest Cities of Islam by Ali Kazuyoshi Nomachi

For most Westerners, and possibly even many Muslims, these images of the Muslim holy towns of Mecca and Medina, taken by a Japanese convert named Ali Kazuyoshi Nomachi, are a first for them. Non-Muslims are never permitted to enter Mecca, and it is practically unheard of for religious and government authority to consent to the taking of photographs of the holy site. The majority of these photographs were taken during the holy month of Ramadan, when a large number of pilgrims are in Mecca and Medina on pilgrimage.

Seyyed Hossein Nasr, professor of Islamic studies at the George WashingtonUniversity, has written an essay describing the history and significance of the two towns in the Middle East and North Africa.

Nomachi has done work for National Geographic and Life, and his photographs exhibit the information-dense clarity that one would expect from such a photographer.

Nomachi’s photographs are unusually chilly, yet they effectively portray the all-encompassing character of the religion they depict.

Sacred Places of Islam – ReligionFacts

Certain locations are significant in Islamic history, in great part because they were significant in Muhammad’s life, and they are also significant to modern-day Muslims. The majority of Islam’s holiest sites are located in the Middle East, notably in the Arabian Peninsula, according to the Islamic calendar. The region of ancient Mesopotamia (much of which is now part of modern Iraq) and northern Africa are also significant in Islam, but not to the same extent as sites like Mecca and Medina in terms of religious significance.

  • The Ka’ba is a shrine that, according to Muslim legend, was constructed by Abraham around a black stone.
  • Medina (or Medinah), also known as the “City of the Prophet,” is the second most significant city in Islam.
  • It was formerly the qibla (direction of prayer) for Muslims before it was shifted to Mecca, making Jerusalem the third most holiest place in the Islamic religion.
  • Karbala is a city in Iraq that is approximately 100 kilometers southwest of the capital, Baghdad.

Najaf is one of the holiest cities in Shia Islam, and it also serves as the epicenter of Shia political authority in Iraq, according to the Shia Encyclopedia.

Notable Mosques

  • Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem and Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo, Egypt – the mosque university is the most important school in Sunni Islam. Al-Hakim Mosque in Cairo, Egypt, which is one of the greatest Fatimid mosques in the world
  • Ar-Rifaye Mosque in Cairo, Egypt
  • Babri Mosque in Ayodhya, India, which has been demolished and has been the location of recent unrest between Muslims and Hindus
  • And the Grand Mosque in Cairo, Egypt. Lahore, Pakistan’s Badshahi Mosque is a landmark. The Bajrakli Mosque in Belgrade, Serbia, was destroyed by ethnic conflict in 2004. Located in Jerusalem, the Dome of the Rock (Masjid Al Sakhrah) is technically a shrine rather than a mosque. The Faisal Mosque in Islamabad, Pakistan
  • The Ferhadija Mosque in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina, which was demolished in 1993
  • And other mosques across the world. New York City’s Ground Zero Mosque and the Great Mosque of Djenné in Mali are two examples of mosques that have been built in recent years. Istanbul’s Hagia Sophia was a mosque from 1453 until 1934, and it is now a museum. Mosques in Casablanca, Morocco
  • Kashgar, People’s Republic of China
  • Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq – considered the holiest Shi’ite mosque
  • Isabey Mosque in the vicinity of Izmir, Turkey
  • Jakarta, Indonesia – Istiqlal Mosque, the largest mosque in Southeast Asia
  • Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco
  • Id Kah Mosque in Kashgar, People’s Republic of China
  • Imam Among the most important are the Masjid al Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, known as the “Great Mosque” and considered the holiest in Islam
  • The Masjid al Nabawi in Medina, Saudi Arabia
  • The Mezquita in Córdoba, Spain – now a Catholic cathedral
  • And the Masjid al-Quba, located just outside Medina, Saudi Arabia, whose foundation stone was laid by the Prophet Muhammad
  • And the Mas The Sultan Hassan Mosque-Madrassa in Cairo, Egypt
  • The Mosque of Ibn Tulun in Cairo, Egypt
  • The Mosque of Mohammed Ali at the Citadel in Cairo, Egypt
  • The Selimiye Mosque in Edirne, Turkey
  • The Suleiman Mosque (Süleymaniye Mosque) in Istanbul, Turkey
  • The Sultan Ahmed Mosque (“the Blue Mosque”) in Istanbul, Turkey
  • The Tsar’s Mosque in Saraje
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Table of Contents

Title Sacred Places of Islam
Published March 17, 2004
Last Updated January 31, 2021
URL religionfacts.com/ islam/ places
Short URL rlft.co/1876
MLA Citation “Sacred Places of Islam.”ReligionFacts.com.31 Jan. 2021. Web. Accessed 13 Jan. 2022.religionfacts.com/islam/places

Mecca the Blessed, Medina the Radiant: The Holiest Cities of Islam: Nasr Ph.D., Seyyed Hossein, Nomachi, Ali Kazuyoshi: 9780804849166: Amazon.com: Books

Medina, the Radiant is an unprecedented photographic exploration of the holiest cities in Islam as well as the Hajj, or annual pilgrimage during Ramadan when more than a million faithful journey to Mecca’s Great Mosque to commemorate the first revelation of the Qur’an, which is documented in this book (Koran). This book provides complete access to the holiest locations of one of the world’s main faiths, which is practiced by a quarter of the world’s population but is frequently misunderstood in the West.

Ali Kazuyoshi Namachi, a Japanese Muslim convert who lives in Saudi Arabia, received the full backing of Saudi Arabian officials, which is extremely unusual, in order to photograph in towns where photography is rigorously restricted and non-Muslims are not permitted.

  • 140 images in full color, many of which have never been seen before
  • Islam’s mystical sites and settings are described here. Aerial images of the Arabian landscape that are breath-taking
  • Visible from above are scenes of throngs of pilgrims crowding Mecca’s spiritual center, the Kasbah
  • Images of loyal Muslims at prayer
  • Intense images of faithful Muslims in prayer The believers’ faith is reflected in the magnificence of the construction. Illustrations from the past

The text, written by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, one of the world’s most eminent Islamic thinkers, complements the breathtaking photos of Islamic holy cities, illuminating many facets of Islamic doctrine that have remained opaque to non-Muslims—at least up to this point.

Mecca in many mediums: representations of the holy cities of Islam

Hajj, the Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, and the ensuingEid al-Adhafestival provide an excellent opportunity to showcase the beauty and diversity of Islamic art, particularly in its homage to Mecca, the holiest city in Islam as well as the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, at a time when it is most appreciated. While the annual pilgrimage has been halted for the past two years due to the global pandemic, Muslims from all over the world continue to travel to Saudi Arabia to participate in a series of elaborate rites that take place during the first five days of Dh’l-Hijjah, the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar, every year.

Take a look at how Mecca has been depicted in various artistic mediums and at various points and locations throughout Islamic history, using art from The Khalili Collections – which includes the world’s largest and most significant collection of objects relating to Mecca and Medina – and see how it has changed over time.

  • Visitors to The Khalili Collections website may now discover more about Mecca and the cultural legacy of the Hajj through an unique 360-degree digital experience that takes them throughout the city.
  • These are often characterized by intricately embroidered writing, mostly Quranic phrases, as well as floral and geometric motifs.
  • The shirt is on display in the British Museum.
  • Historically, prominent military leaders would have worn such a shirt beneath their amours as a means of providing spiritual protection for their troops.
  • This little panel, which runs down the lower border of the tile and is made of stonepaste and embellished with cobalt underglaze, is written with the name of the tile’s owner, Etmekçi-zade Mehmed Pasha, in cobalt underglaze.
  • An similar tile holding the same name may be seen on the façade of the Rüstem Pasha mosque in Istanbul, which can be seen in the background.
  • The use of scientific equipment, such as compasses and astrolabes, was critical in the history of Mecca, which was the orientation in which all Muslims faced to worship.


Top of the box has a depiction of Mecca’s sacred site and instructions printed in Ottoman Turkish.

A third can be seen at the Islamic Art Museum in Cairo.

This picture of Mecca and the surrounding countryside, with the Masjid al-Haram in the center, was created in the early twentieth century.

It is unclear how a Turkish artist acquired access to the Uppsala picture, or why he reproduced it, as noted by M.

Coins and medallions played an essential role in the cultural history of Islam, just as they did for many other civilizations.

Mecca is referred to as ‘Makkah Mukarramah’ (Mecca, the honourable) in the text below it.

In this case, it is likely that the picture of Mecca was taken from contemporary Ottoman manuscript depictions.

Musa Sadiq Bey was the first person to photograph Mecca, Medina, and the Holy Land on his pilgrimage to Mecca in 1956.

This shot is considered to be one of the most valuable panoramas ever taken.

This artwork of Mecca, created by Ma Chao in scroll style, may have been part of a pilgrimage certificate for the trip to Mecca.

In the mosque, numerous buildings are recognized by red captions, including the Bab al-Salam (Gate of Peace), the Maqsurat Ibrahim (which used to hold theMaqam Ibrahim), the minbar, and thehatim.

The composition in this case can be considered to be particularly Chinese-Islamic.

Ahmed Mater, a Saudi artist and doctor, created an installation (as well as accompanying photogravures) in which a single black cuboid magnet (representing the Ka’bah) sets in motion tens of thousands of iron particles, which combine to form a single swirling nimbus (representing pilgrims circumambulating the Ka’bah), which is then photographed.

Artists, on the other hand, are special in that they create a visual history – one that not only preserves data but also stimulates the viewer’s imagination.

Fresh artistic media – such as digital art, virtual reality, and robots – will undoubtedly arise, opening up new perspectives on Mecca, but they will only serve to reaffirm the city’s ageless character.

the artistic director and founder of The Khalili Collection, Waqs Ahmed You may discover more about Mecca and the cultural heritage of the Hajj by participating in a new 360-degree digital experience, which was recently featured on BBC Clic d k

The Holy Cities, The Pilgrimage and The World of Islam

A Note from the Publisher on the book titled “The Holy Cities”: How fortunate we are to be able to gain from the perspectives of both Arab and Indian scholars on the faith, history, politics, and civilisation of the Islamic World, as well as its hallowed locations, from the very beginning of time. Sultan Ghalib, whose mother is the eldest grand-daughter of the sixth Nizam of Hyderbad, India, was the last ruler of the Hadramaut (South Yemen) and now resides in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, near the holy cities of Makkah and Medina, which are the focus of this monumental work.

  1. By using his regal English language, the author transports us on a fascinating journey where we are introduced to places, people, and events that were previously unknown or underappreciated.
  2. For me, the fascinating details – and even cataloguing – of the huge and impassioned support and involvement of the whole Muslim world, spanning from South East Asia to West Africa, in the upkeep of Makkah, Medina, and Jerusalem over the centuries shocked and amazed me.
  3. Massive quantities of money were continuously contributed, not only for the growth of the city and the repairs that were necessary by natural calamities such as floods, earthquakes, and fire, but also for the benefit of the city’s impoverished people.
  4. Individuals as well as members of the Muslim public from Iran, Morocco, Bokhara, Egypt, Europe, Aden, South East Asia, India, and other countries contributed to the construction of the necessary Hijaz railway.
  5. Power struggles are written about as if they were tales of mystery and intrigue.

It becomes clear what a honor and obligation it has been for those who have been designated as “the Servitors of the Two Holy Sanctuaries.” The development of each key element found in the three sacred sanctuaries is profoundly moving for a Muslim, such as the story of the Kiswa over time, the enclosure of Prophet Muhammad’s tomb, the Maqam Ibrahim, and the precise circumstances under which Prophetic relics arrived at the Topkapi are examples.

And what an added pleasure to have included the exact prayers that Muslims are expected to say when doing Tawaf, the Sa’y, or standing in the Prophet’s garden, ar-Rauda.

To receive a letter from Al-Ghazali (d.

An art historian who studies the Mughal period in India and has seen paintings of Akbar and Jahangir would find it fascinating to be able to imagine these sultans alive and well, in their excitement and commitment, as they prepare the Hajj caravans for the Hajj.

The engagement of the Mughal court with Arabia is shown in this chapter.

I had no idea what to say.

On a riveting historical background (such as World War I, the Great Famine, or the burden of colonization), we witness the unity and strength of Muslims across the world as they work together as a community.

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