Islam, major world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century ce.
- 1 Where did Islam originate?
- 2 What was the first country in Islam?
- 3 Who wrote the Quran?
- 4 When did the Quran originate?
- 5 Who was the founder of Islam?
- 6 Which religion came first in the world?
- 7 Which is the oldest religion in the world?
- 8 Which is older Quran or Bible?
- 9 What was first the Quran or the Bible?
- 10 Where is Allah located?
- 11 How does the Quran differ from the Bible?
- 12 Where did the name Allah come from?
- 13 Where did Muhammad get the words for the Qur an?
- 14 Islam
- 15 Islam Facts
- 16 Muhammad
- 17 Hijra
- 18 Abu Bakr
- 19 Caliphate System
- 20 Sunnis and Shiites
- 21 Other Types of Islam
- 22 Quran
- 23 Islamic Calendar
- 24 Islam Symbols
- 25 Five Pillars of Islam
- 26 Sharia Law
- 27 Muslim Prayer
- 28 Muslim Holidays
- 29 Islam Today
- 30 Sources
- 31 The origins of Islam
- 32 Teachers Guide – Muslims
- 33 Origin Of Islam
- 34 Where did Islam originate? Who is its founder? Where is it mostly practiced?
- 35 Muhammad and the Faith of Islam [ushistory.org]
- 36 Islam: Basic Beliefs
- 37 HISTORY OF ISLAM
- 38 Where did Islam originate?
- 39 Islam
- 40 Answer and Explanation:
Where did Islam originate?
Although its roots go back further, scholars typically date the creation of Islam to the 7th century, making it the youngest of the major world religions. Islam started in Mecca, in modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the time of the prophet Muhammad’s life. Today, the faith is spreading rapidly throughout the world.
What was the first country in Islam?
Pakistan was the first country to adopt the adjective Islamic to modify its republican status under its otherwise secular constitution in 1956. Despite this definition, the country did not have a state religion until 1973, when a new constitution, more democratic and less secular, was adopted.
Who wrote the Quran?
The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.
When did the Quran originate?
Qurʾān, (Arabic: “Recitation”) also spelled Quran and Koran, the sacred scripture of Islam. According to conventional Islamic belief, the Qurʾān was revealed by the angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad in the West Arabian towns Mecca and Medina beginning in 610 and ending with Muhammad’s death in 632 ce.
Who was the founder of Islam?
The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.
Which religion came first in the world?
Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion, according to many scholars, with roots and customs dating back more than 4,000 years. Today, with about 900 million followers, Hinduism is the third-largest religion behind Christianity and Islam.
Which is the oldest religion in the world?
The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.
Which is older Quran or Bible?
The Bible is older than the Quran. The Quran was written by Muhammad in the 500 ADs. The Bible consists of books written centuries before. All of them were compiled into the Bible at a later time but the books themselves existed before the Quran.
What was first the Quran or the Bible?
The Bible was written first by many years. The Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) was writing from approximately 1200 to 160 BC (BCE). The New Testament was written from around 65 to 95 AD (CE). The Quran was written in the 7th century.
Where is Allah located?
Given that Allah is just another name of Jewish God (Yahweh), Allah resides in the third heaven mentioned in the Bible. Note that this heaven is outside the creation of God.
How does the Quran differ from the Bible?
The Bible is for the Christians and the Jews while the Quran is for the Muslims. The Bible is a collection of writings from different authors while the Quran is a recitation from its one and only prophet, Muhammad. Both the Bible and the Quran are guides of its believers towards spirituality and moral righteousness.
Where did the name Allah come from?
Allah, Arabic Allāh (“God”), the one and only God in Islam. Etymologically, the name Allah is probably a contraction of the Arabic al-Ilāh, “the God.” The name’s origin can be traced to the earliest Semitic writings in which the word for god was il, el, or eloah, the latter two used in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament).
Where did Muhammad get the words for the Qur an?
The traditional story of the Qur’an tells how one night in 610 he was meditating in a cave on the mountain when he was visited by the angel Jibreel who ordered him to recite. Once Jibreel mentioned the name of Allah, Muhammad began to recite words which he came to believe were the words of God.
Islam, after Christianity, is the second most popular religion in the world, with around 1.8 billion Muslims practicing their faith globally. Despite the fact that Islam’s origins trace back far older, experts generally agree that it was founded in the 7th century, making it the most recent of the major global faiths. Islamic teachings were first taught at Mecca, which is now part of modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. Today, the faith is expanding at an alarming rate around the world.
- The term “Islam” literally translates as “submission to God’s will.”
- Muslims are those who adhere to Islam
- Muslims are monotheistic and worship a single, all-knowing God, known in Arabic as Allah
- Muslims are those who adhere to other religions. Islamic adherents strive to live lives of total surrender to Allah and His will. Despite their belief that nothing can happen without Allah’s approval, they acknowledge that humans possess free choice. Islamic teachings hold that Allah’s word was given to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel, and Muslims believe that other prophets were sent to teach Allah’s law throughout history. They hold several of the same prophets in high regard as Jews and Christians, including Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, among others. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet. Moschees are sites of religious prayer for Muslims. In addition to the Kaaba shrine in Mecca and the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, some notable Islamic holy sites are the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina and the Kaaba in Mecca. The Quran (also known as the Koran) is the most important religious document in Islam. Another significant literature is the Hadith (also known as the Sunnah). Muslims also hold some passages from the Judeo-Christian Bible in high regard
- Followers of Islam worship Allah via prayer and recitation of the Quran. It is their belief that there will be a day of judgment and that there is life after death. “Jihad,” which literally translates as “battle,” is a major concept in Islam. Despite the fact that the phrase has been used negatively in popular society, Muslims feel it refers to internal and outward attempts to protect their religious beliefs. Although uncommon, military jihad may be used in the event of a “just war” being declared.
Muhammad, also known as Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, around 570 A.D., and is considered to be the founder of Islam. According to Muslims, he was the final prophet sent by God to proclaim their beliefs to the rest of the world. Islam’s sacred writings and traditions claim that an angel called Gabriel came to visit Muhammad during his meditation session in a cave in the year 610 AAD. Muhammad was instructed by the angel to repeat the words of Allah. Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah for the rest of his life, despite his physical limitations.
He preached that there was only one God, Allah, and that Muslims should devote their lives to worshipping this one and only God.
Muhammad and his supporters embarked on a journey from Mecca to Medina in 622. The Hijra (sometimes written Hegira or Hijrah) is a voyage that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is commemorated on the Islamic calendar. A little more than seven years later, Muhammad and his throngs of followers returned to Mecca and completely subjugated the surrounding area. He preached until his death in 632, at the age of 84.
Following Muhammad’s death, Islam began to spread at an alarming rate. Following Muhammad’s death, a succession of leaders known as caliphs ascended to the throne. A caliphate was a system of leadership in which a Muslim monarch was in charge and was administered by a Muslim king. The first caliph was Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and close friend, who reigned as the Prophet Muhammad’s successor. Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad, ascended to the throne in 634 when Abu Bakr died around two years after he was chosen.
The job of caliph was taken up by Uthman, Muhammad’s son-in-law, when Umar was slain six years after being proclaimed caliph. Uthman was assassinated as well, and Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, was chosen to be the caliph in his place. During the tenure of the first four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered vast swaths of the Middle East, including Syria, Palestine, Iran, and Iraq, among other places. Islam also expanded throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia, as well as throughout the Middle East.
The caliphate system endured for decades and eventually gave rise to the Ottoman Empire, which ruled over significant areas of the Middle East from around 1517 until World War I brought the Ottoman Empire to an end on November 11, 1917.
Sunnis and Shiites
When Muhammad died, there was a heated controversy over who should take over as leader of the Muslim community. Due to this division among the Islamic community, two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sunnis constitute roughly 90 percent of all Muslims in the globe. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs were the legitimate successors to him. Muslims who follow the Shiite school of thought believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are legitimate heirs to Muhammad.
Shiite Muslims now have a significant presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria, among other places.
Other Types of Islam
Other, minor Muslim denominations exist within the Sunni and Shiite communities, in addition to the larger ones. Some of these are as follows:
- Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, which was created in Saudi Arabia in the 18th century by members of the Tameem clan, is a branch of Islam. Followers adhere to Muhammad ibn Abd al-exceedingly Wahhab’s stringent interpretation of Islam, which he taught them. Alawite: This Shiite branch of Islam is widely practiced in Syria. Followers of the caliph Ali retain similar views about him, but they also mark various Christian and Zoroastrian feasts, as well. Nation of Islam (also known as the Muslim Brotherhood): This Sunni sect with a majority of African-American members was created in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. A disagreement over the method of selecting a new leader caused this group to split from the Shiites. They are well-known for their hardline fundamentalism, and they are now referred to as Ibadis.
The Holy Quran. Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed/EyeEm/Getty Images Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed For Muslims, the Quran (also known as the Koran or the Qur’an) is regarded to be the most significant sacred book in existence. In addition to certain essential material that can be found in the Hebrew Bible, it also contains revelations that were delivered to Muhammad. The text is regarded to be God’s sacred word, and it supersedes all prior works in this regard. The majority of Muslims believe that Muhammad’s scribes recorded his utterances, which were later compiled into the Quran.
It is divided into 114 chapters, which are referred to as surahs.
Why the Quran Was a Bestseller Among Christians in Eighteenth Century America.
The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijra calendar, is a lunar calendar used in Islamic religious devotion that is based on the lunar month of Ramadan. The calendar began in the year 622 A.D., commemorating Muhammad’s trip from Mecca to Medina, and has been in use ever since. According to the Islamic calendar, religious festivals and festivities are held on the appropriate days, including the month-long period of fasting and prayer known as Ramadan, which takes place during the ninth month of the calendar.
Just as there is no internationally acceptable image or symbol of Islam, there is no single image or symbol of Islam that is universally approved by all Muslims worldwide. Despite the fact that the crescent moon and star picture is considered to have predated Islam and was first used as a sign of the Ottoman Empire, the crescent moon and star image has been embraced as a symbol of Islam in several mostly Muslim nations. In various other contexts, like as the International Red Cross and Red Crescenthumanitarian help movement, a red crescent signifies that Muslims are accepted and treated as such by their fellow citizens.
As a result, the color green is sometimes connected with Islam, as it was supposedly a favorite hue of Muhammad’s, and it is frequently depicted prominently on the flags of nations with a largely Muslim population.
Five Pillars of Islam
Muslims adhere to five fundamental pillars that are fundamental to their faith. These are some examples:
- Declaring one’s trust in God and confidence in Muhammad is known as a Shahada. Salat: a five-times-a-day prayer (at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening) that includes the following: Zakat is a religious obligation to contribute to people in need. Sawm: to refrain from eating or drinking during Ramadan
- It is obligatory for all Muslims to do the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetime (if they are physically able to do so).
The legal system of Islam is referred to as Sharia Law. This faith-based code of behavior advises Muslims on how they should live their lives in practically every aspect of their lives, including marriage and family life. Men and women are required to dress modestly under Sharia law. It also includes recommendations for Muslim marriages as well as other moral concepts for Muslims. Those who break the rule are subjected to draconian penalties under Sharia law, which is well-known. In certain countries, for example, the punishment for stealing is amputating the offender’s hand.
Many Muslims, on the other hand, are opposed to such harsh measures.
Building the first mosque in Medina is attributed to the prophet Muhammad, who did it in the courtyard of his residence in Medina. Some of the precepts he established in 622 A.D. continue to be followed by mosques today. A mosque’s big open area or outdoor courtyard is frequently used for Muslim prayer. When praying in a mosque, a mihrab is a decorative feature or niche that symbolizes the direction to Mecca and, consequently, the direction to face when praying. Separate prayers are offered for men and women, and Muslims are permitted to attend a mosque five times a day for each of the five prayer periods.
The two most important Muslim festivals are as follows: The festival of Eid al-Adha commemorates the Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son in the service of Allah. Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, comes to a conclusion on Eid al-Fitr, the feast of the harvest. Muslims also observe other religious festivals, such as the Islamic New Year and the birth of Muhammad, among others.
Recently, Islam’s alleged relationship with terrorism and mass murder has provoked heated political controversy in a number of nations, particularly in the Middle East. Radical Islam” has become a well-known moniker to define the religion’s association with acts of violence, despite its use being contentious at the time. Surveys recently conducted have revealed that in nations with large Muslim populations, the vast majority of Muslims hold highly unfavorable attitudes about terrorist organizations such as ISIS.
Islam is currently the fastest-growing religion in the world.
Islam,BBC. Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. Religious Tolerance is increasing in number. Islam in a Nutshell, CNN. The Fundamentals of Islam, and PBS. What is Sharia Law, and how does it work in practice? BBC. ISIS is reviled in countries with large Muslim populations, and this is especially true in Europe.
Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan research organization. The Religion Library’s Islam Rituals and Worship: Symbolism section has further information. The Islamic Calendar is available at TimeandDate.com.
The origins of Islam
What is the size of Islam? The Koran is the most memorized book on the planet, and Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. In terms of numbers, Muslims account for one-sixth of the human race (or around 1 billion people), and they are the majority in 36 nations, ranging from Indonesian islands to African plains. They may be divided into two groups: the Shias, who are mostly located in Iran and Iraq, and the Sunnis, who account for 90 percent of the Muslim world’s population. What do Muslims hold as their beliefs?
- Muslim scholars believe that the Koran contains God’s words, which were written down and preserved by the prophet Muhammad.
- Islam has several characteristics with the other monotheistic religions, including Judaism and Christianity.
- The Koran also includes the tale of Christ’s birth to the Virgin Mary, according to certain scholars.
- The prophet Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was born in the year 570 A.D.
- Muhammad’s parents died while he was a child, and he was reared by his uncle Abu Talib, who educated him as a trader throughout his life.
- He was also spiritually inclined, having studied a great deal about many religions during his travels.
- His visit with the archangel Gabriel took place there, at the age of 42, and he was informed that he was to be the ultimate prophet of Allah, the one true God.
She became the world’s first Muslim convert.
How did Islam come to be recognized as a legitimate religion?
The Koran was composed of the 114 surahs (or chapters) that were produced as a consequence of this process.
During his time in Mecca, he was vilified by the governing Quraish tribes, who assaulted his followers and offered him rewards in exchange for abandoning his beliefs.
Muhammad marched into Mecca with an army of 10,000 Muslims in 622 A.D.
The city was taken over, and it quickly rose to become the spiritual center of the Islamic world.
He died two months later, at the age of 62, and was survived by his wife.
‘The real Muslim,’ the prophet declared, “is the one who does no harm to anybody, whether by speech or deed.” War is only tolerated in self-defense, and warriors are advised to engage in face-to-face battle and avoid injuring or killing civilians.
In addition, Islam has a long and illustrious military history.
As conquerors, they were significantly more tolerant of religious minorities than any Christian monarch had ever been in the history of mankind.
What is it about Islam that gives it such a bad image for intolerance?
It was by the end of the ninth century that the behavioral guidelines put down in the Koran had been codified in legal texts known as the Shariah, and these guidelines have remained mostly unchanged ever since.
The emergence of Wahhabi puritanism has made it nearly hard for certain academics to rewrite the Koran in a more modern perspective.
What exactly is jihad?
However, following the establishment of the Muslim kingdom, the notion of jihad took on a greater spiritual significance, and it was transformed into an inward moral fight against temptation.
Fundamentalists within Islam The Wahhabi sect was created in the 18th century by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, who taught a strict style of puritan Islam that was considered extremist at the time.
Mosques were stripped of their decorations, and tombstones were thrown to the ground (on the grounds that they inspired idolatry).
Saudi sheiks then launched a brutal religious and territorial war against their Muslim neighbors for more than a century, until the foundation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932, when the country became independent. Wahhabism continues to be the official religion of the country.
Teachers Guide – Muslims
|Discussion and Activities|
|Beliefs and Daily Lives of Muslims|
Following the first revelation to the prophet Muhammad at the age of 40, the year 610 is commemorated as the beginning of Islamic history. Muslims all throughout the Arabian peninsula followed Muhammad and his companions in spreading the principles of Islam. Following the death of the prophet Muhammad, military expeditions were launched into what is now Egypt and other regions of North Africa, which were dubbed “futuhat,” which literally translates as “openings.” Islam expanded around the world through trade and business in various regions of the world.
- In the year 570 C.E.
- He is descended from a noble family and is well-known for his honesty and uprightness of moral character.
- According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad has a visit from the angel Gabriel while on seclusion in a cave in Mecca when he reaches the age of 40.
- Later, Muhammad is instructed to summon his people to the worship of the one God, but they respond with animosity and begin to punish him and his followers as a result of his actions.
- After facing persecution in Mecca, Muhammad and his followers flee to the adjacent town of Yathrib (which would eventually become known as Medina), where the locals welcomed Islam.
- Muhammad builds an Islamic kingdom in Medina, which is founded on the rules given in the Quran as well as the inspired direction he receives from the Almighty.
- Muhammad comes to Mecca with a significant number of his supporters in the year 630 CE.
The prophet orders the removal of all idols and images from the Kaaba, which is thereafter rededicated to the worship of God alone.
after a lengthy illness.
In 638 C.E., Muslims cross the border into the region north of Arabia known as “Sham,” which encompasses Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, and Iraq.
and rout the Byzantine army in the process.
Islam begins to expand over North Africa in the year 655 C.E.
This also marks the beginning of the Umayyad dynasty’s reign of terror.
The Islamic state eventually gains control over nearly the whole Iberian Peninsula.
by Charles Martel’s forces.
From 1000 C.E.
The European Crusaders capture Jerusalem from the Muslims in 1099 C.E.
Islam continues to spread throughout Asia as of the year 1120 C.E.
Turkey’s Anatolia region becomes the site of the formation of the first Ottoman state in 1299 C.E.
Around the year 1800 C.E., over 30% of Africans who were forced into slavery in the United States were Muslim.
The Ottoman Empire, the last of the Islamic empires, is defeated and destroyed at the end of World War I, marking the end of the war.
Traditional religious ways of life are under attack, and in some cases, have been completely obliterated.
Even while it is founded on some Islamic concepts, it also includes several innovations, like the designation or pronouncement of Elijah Muhammad as a prophet.
Some Palestinian and Lebanese refugees, including Muslims and Christians, have fled to the United States from their home countries.
Muslim students come from all over the world to study in the United States.
opened the door even wider for Muslim immigration.
Muhammad, the son of Elijah Muhammad, takes over as head of the Nation of Islam and successfully integrates the majority of his followers into mainstream Islam.
C.E. 1979 was a year of transition. Eventually, the Iranian Revolution leads to Iran becoming known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, which is the first attempt at an Islamic state in the contemporary age.
Origin Of Islam
According to Secular History, the origins of Islam are as follows: The origins of Islam may be traced back to Saudi Arabia in the seventh century. As a result, Islam is the most recent of the great global faiths. After experiencing what he believed to be an angelic visitation, the prophet Muhammad (approximately 570-632 A.D.) founded Islam in 610 A.D. after claiming to have been visited by an angel. Muhammad dictated the Qur’an, which Muslims believe to be the preexistent and flawless words of Allah.
- Islam’s historical antecedents include the following: According to Islamic teachings Although the prophet Muhammad is often attributed with the founding of Islam, faithful Muslims believe that Islam existed long before Muhammad even walked the face of the world.
- The Qur’an bears witness to the fact that it was revealed to Muhammad by God through the angel Gabriel, and that this is supported by historical evidence.
- With it, the Honest Spirit (Gabriel) came to reveal it into your heart so that you may be one of the warners, and he did so in a flawless Arabic language ” (Sura 26:192-195).
- The “Previous Scriptures” are the source of Islam’s origins.
- The Hebrew Torah, the Psalms of David, and the Gospels of Jesus Christ are examples of “prior scriptures” that have been mentioned (Sura 4:163; 5:44-48).
- Nevertheless, here is where we run into difficulties.
- According to the Qur’an, Jesus Christ was crucified but was afterwards raised (Sura 4:157-158), whereas all four Gospel narratives unambiguously show Jesus Christ as crucified and resurrected (Sura 4:157-158).
Following the teachings of the Hebrew Torah, God established a relationship with a man named Abraham.
Abraham was childless at the time of this writing.
As a result, Abraham regarded the promise as very precious.
Sarah, well aware of her predicament, resolved to assist God in his endeavors.
After much consideration, Abraham consented to take Hagar as his concubine.
God permitted Ishmael’s birth, but Ishmael was not the child of promise that God had in mind when he created him (Genesis 17).
” According to His word, the Lord visited Sarah and performed for her what He had promised.
And Abraham named his son, who was born to him and whom Sarah carried to him, Isaac, after the patriarch of the Hebrew people.” (Genesis 21:1-3; 22:1-2) Isaac was the prodigal son, the kid of promise.
The Messiah, Jesus Christ, finally came into the world via Israel, fulfilling the covenant that God had made with Abraham.
Due to the fact that Muslims believe that Ishmael was the child of promise (Sura 19:54; see also Sura 37:83-109 and Genesis 22:1-19), they think that God’s covenant promises were intended for Ishmael’s descendants, rather than Isaac’s descendants.
In the decades after Israel’s 1948 U.N.-sanctioned return to Palestine, there has been unrelenting enmity between Israel and her Arab neighbors, culminating in significant military wars in 1948-49 and 1956-67, 1973-74 and 1982.
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God, the Father, sent His only Son to fulfill that judgment on behalf of all who place their faith in Him.
“Jesus is Lord,” you will be rescued from judgment and will spend forever with God in heaven if you genuinely accept and trust this in your heart, receiving Jesus alone as your Savior, and announcing “Jesus is Lord.” What is your reaction to this?
My intention is to follow Jesus; I am a disciple of Jesus; but, I have some questions.
Where did Islam originate? Who is its founder? Where is it mostly practiced?
Islam was founded in Arabia (particularly, the towns of Mecca and Medina) around the early 7th century AD, according to historical records. Prophet Muhammad created Islam after receiving (or claiming to have received) heavenly revelations from an angel called Gabriel, which he said clarified God’s words, which are known as Allah in the Islamic language. These revelations were eventually gathered by Muhammad. Islam was founded in Arabia (particularly, the towns of Mecca and Medina) around the early 7th century AD, according to historical records.
These revelations were ultimately gathered into the Qur’an, which is considered the sacred text of Islam.
The Middle East continues to be the hub of Islam’s development today.
Approximately 1.6 billion Muslims lived in the globe in 2010, according to Pew Research Center estimates.
Muhammad and the Faith of Islam [ushistory.org]
University of Southern California’s Muslim Students Association provided the image. In this passage from the Qur’an, which was originally written in Arabic, “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah” is translated. According to the Qur’an (48:29), A religious vision was revealed to a guy who was meditating alone in a cave near Mecca. This vision set the groundwork for the establishment of a new religion. Muhammad was born in the year 610, and he was a man of many names. Islamic thought evolved from Muhammad’s thoughts, and the belief system that resulted from these concepts is now the foundation for Islam, which is one of the most commonly practiced religions in the world.
- Both of Muhammad’s parents died when he was six years old, and he was raised by his grandpa and uncle after that.
- A Bedouin family welcomed him into their home throughout his boyhood, as per the customs of rich families.
- Muhammad’s encounters with these persons are highly likely to have had a significant impact on the formation of Islamic thought.
- Over the following 20 years, he rose from obscurity to become a wealthy and well-respected trader who traveled across the Arab world.
All he and his wife had six children, two boys (both of whom died before reaching maturity) and four daughters. By the time he was 40 years old, he began receiving religious visions that would forever alter the course of his life. The Prophet Muhammad’s Mosque in Medina is depicted here.
A Revelation of Faith
Muhammad received a revelation while meditating in a cave on the mountain of Hira. Eventually, Muhammad came to think that he had been chosen by God to serve as a prophet and teacher of a new religion, Islam, which literally translates as “submission.” The elements of Judaism and Christianity were merged into this new religion. Religions’ sacred texts, as well as their famous prophets and leaders – Abraham, Moses and Jesus, among others — were held in high regard. Muhammad addressed Abraham as “Khalil,” which means “God’s companion,” and designated him as the ancient patriarch of Islam.
Muhammad thought that he was God’s ultimate prophet and that he himself was the final prophet.
- There is just one worldwide God, and his name is Allah. Muslims are obliged to pray five times a day with their backs to Mecca, according to Islamic tradition. All Muslims are required to pay an annual tax, which is mostly used to assist the poor and needy. Muslims are prohibited from eating, smoking, drinking, or engaging in sexual intercourse from sunrise to sunset during the whole month of Ramadan. All capable Muslims are required to do the Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca) at least once in their lives.
The Kaaba, Islam’s holiest location, is located in Mecca and is believed to have been erected by Abraham and his son Ishmael for the worship of Yahweh. Islam grew at a breakneck pace, engulfing most of what was formerly the ancient Near East, North Africa, and Spain, and eventually enveloping the whole world. The impoverished and slaves, in particular, responded favorably to Muhammad’s message. However, his message was met with strong opposition from many quarters. As a result of the pushback, he appeared to become even more determined.
From Mecca to Medina and Back
Muhammad escaped to the town of Medina in 622 because he was afraid for his life. The Hegira, which is Arabic for “flight,” was the name given to this voyage from Mecca to Medina. This year marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. When Muhammad and his entourage arrived in Medina, the locals greeted them warmly. Muhammad established the first mosque, also known as the Islamic temple, at Mecca and began the process of separating Islam from the religions of Judaism and Christianity, which had first inspired him.
Allah’s revelations to Muhammad lasted throughout his life.
During his time in Mecca, Muhammad was involved in a number of fights with the locals.
Before his death two years later, he had forced the conversion of the majority of the Arabian Peninsula to his new faith and established a tiny kingdom on the peninsula’s southern tip.
Many Islamic sects have a belief in jihad, which is a common thread running through them. Despite the fact that the actual meaning of the Arabic word is difficult to convey in English, the word jihad is most appropriately translated as “fight.” For the vast majority of Muslims, jihad is a personal battle against evil. The sacred wars of this spiritual conflict are fought within the minds and hearts of Muslims. Sometimes the fight takes the shape of a physical battle against those who do not believe in God.
- A small but vocal minority of Muslims, on the other hand, places a high value on holy war jihads.
- It is this idea of jihad that serves as an inspiration for Islamic extremist terrorist activity.
- It should be emphasized that mainstream Islam is a peaceful religion that opposes the concept of unjustified violence.
- The unfortunate thing is that Muhammad had not named a successor.
Despite these difficulties, a huge Islamic empire was established over the course of the following 12 centuries, resulting in a worshiper base that was unsurpassed by any other religion.
Islam: Basic Beliefs
Many Islamic sects share a belief in jihad as a common thread. The Arabic word jihad is most correctly translated as “battle” in English, despite the fact that the specific meaning of the Arabic word is difficult to describe. JIhad is, for the most majority of Muslims, a personal battle against evil. Within Muslims’ minds and hearts are waged the spiritual battlegrounds of this epochal conflict. Sometimes the struggle takes the shape of a physical battle against those who do not believe in the gospel of Jesus Christ.
- Jihadi holy wars, on the other hand, are held in high regard by a small but vocal minority of Muslim believers.
- ISIS and other Islamic extremist organizations are motivated by this vision of jihad.
- To emphasize, mainstream Islam is a peaceful religion that opposes the concept of unjustified warfare.
- The unfortunate fact is that Muhammad had not named a successor.
- However, despite these difficulties, a huge Islamic empire was established during the following 12 centuries, resulting in a worshiper base that was unsurpassed by any other religious tradition in the world.
- Religions based on belief in one God (Allah)
- Belief in angels
- Belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
- Belief in all of God’s prophets sent to mankind, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Although Muslims believe in Isa or Jesus, they do not see Jesus as the Son of God in the same sense that Christians do. Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment and life after death, but Christians do not. The highest reward for doing good things is growing in one’s relationship with God
- Faith in the decree of God. Therefore, God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission
- But, he has granted human people the ability to choose whether they will be good or evil. At the conclusion of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and decisions.
These are practical guidelines for putting Muslim principles into practice on a daily basis, including:
- Declaring one’s confidence in Allah and Muhammad as His prophet or message (shahadah) is a way of bearing testimony or testifying that there is only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is His prophet or messenger. Salat (ritual prayer)—the five daily prayers are conducted at various times throughout the day, including sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. The prayers are offered in the Arabic language and with the direction of Mecca as their focus. Giving 2.5 percent of one’s wealth to the poor and needy is known as zakah (alms tax) in Islam. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, known as Ramadan, is marked by fasting during daylight hours by Muslims across the world. The goal is to remind individuals of the goodness of what they have and to demonstrate equality with those who are less fortunate than they are. In Islam, the month of Ramadan is a time for study and self-discipline. Performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) in Mecca to the Ka’bah is considered obligatory for Muslims at least once throughout their lives. Several scholars think that Ibrahim (Abraham) and one of his sons were responsible for the construction of the Ka’bah. Muhammad restored it as a place of devotion for Allah. As a result, Muslims consider it to be a particularly sacred location.
Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.
Every day, they read a portion of it.
The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran.
HISTORY OF ISLAM
|In the 7th century Arabia becomes the cradle of the world’s third great monotheistic religion. All three have begun within a small area of southwest Asia. FirstJudaism, somewhere in the region stretching up from the Red Sea to Palestine; thenChristianityat the northern end of this area; and finally Islam to the south, in Mecca, close to the Red Sea.Each of the later arrivals in this close family of religions claims to build upon the message of its predecessors, bringing a better and more up-to-date version of the truth about the one God – in this case as revealed to the Messenger of God, Muhammad. Islam means ‘surrender’ (to God), and from the same root anyone who follows Islam is a Muslim.|
|It is on Mount Hira, according to tradition, that the archangel Gabriel appears to Muhammad. He describes later how he seemed to be grasped by the throat by a luminous being, who commanded him to repeat the words of God. On other occasions Muhammad often has similar experiences (though there are barren times, and periods of self doubt, when he is sustained only by his wifeKhadija ‘s unswerving faith in him).From about 613 Muhammad preaches inMeccathe message which he has received.|
|Muhammad’s message is essentially the existence of one God, all-powerful but also merciful, and he freely acknowledges that other prophets – in particular Abraham, Moses and Jesus – have preached the same truth in the past.But monotheism is not a popular creed with those whose livelihood depends on idols. Muhammad, once he begins to win converts to the new creed, makes enemies among the traders of Mecca. In 622 there is a plot to assassinate him. He escapes to the town of Yathrib, about 300 kilometres to the north.|
|Muhammad and the Muslim era:from622|
|The people of Yathrib, a prosperous oasis, welcome Muhammad and his followers. As a result, the move from Mecca in 622 comes to seem the beginning of Islam.The Muslim era dates from the Hegira – Arabic for’emigration’, meaning Muhammad’s departure from Mecca. In the Muslimcalendarthis event marks the beginning of year 1.|
|Yathrib is renamed Madinat al Nabi, the ‘city of the prophet’, and thus becomes known as Medina. Here Muhammad steadily acquires a stronger following. He is now essentially a religious, political and even military leader rather than a merchant (Khadijahas died in 619).He continues to preach and recite the words which God reveals to him. It is these passages, together with the earlier revelations at Mecca, which are written down in theArabic scriptby his followers and are collected to become the Qur’an – a word (often transliterated as Koran) with its roots in the idea of ‘recital’, reflecting the oral origin of the text. The final and definitive text of the Qur’an is established under the third caliph, Othman, in about 650.|
|The Muslims and Mecca: 624-630|
|Relations with Mecca deteriorate to the point of pitched battles between the two sides, with Muhammad leading his troops in the field. But in the end it is his diplomacy which wins the day.He persuades the Meccans to allow his followers back into the city, in 629, to make a pilgrimage to the Ka’ba and the Black Stone.|
|On this first Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, Muhammad’s followers impress the local citizens both by their show of strength and by their self-control, departing peacefully after the agreed three days. But the following year the Meccans break a truce, provoking the Muslims to march on the city.They take Mecca almost without resistance. The inhabitants accept Islam. And Muhammad sweeps the idols out of theKa’ba, leaving only the sacred Black Stone.|
|An important element in Mecca’s peaceful acceptance of the change has been Muhammad’s promise that pilgrimage to the Ka’ba will remain a central feature of the new religion.So Mecca becomes, as it has remained ever since, the holy city of Islam. But Medina is by now where Muhammad and his most trusted followers live. And for the next few decades Medina will be the political centre of the developing Muslim state.|
|Muhammad lives only two years after the peaceful reconciliation with Mecca. He has no son. His only surviving children are daughters by Khadija, though since her death he has married several younger women, among whom his favourite is A’isha.|
|Muhammad and the caliphate:from632-656|
|There is no clear successor to Muhammad among his followers. The likely candidates include Abu Bakr (the father of Muhammad’s wifeA’isha) andAli(a cousin of Muhammad and the husband of Muhammad’s daughter Fatima). Abu Bakr is elected, and takes the title ‘khalifat rasul-Allah’.The Arabic phrase means ‘successor of the Messenger of God’. It will introduce a new word, caliph, to the other languages of the world.|
|Abu Bakr, the first caliph, lives no more than two years after the death of Muhammad. Even so, within this brief time Muslim armies have begun their astonishing expansion, subduing the whole of Arabia and striking as far north as Palestine.Abu Bakr is succeeded in 634 by Omar (another father-in-law of Muhammad), who in 638 capturesJerusalem. Six years later Omar is stabbed and killed in the mosque at Medina – for personal reasons, it seems, by a Persian craftsman living in Kufa.|
|Othman, chosen as the third caliph, is a son-in-law of Muhammad. By the end of his reign, in 656, Arabs have conquered as far afield as north Africa, Turkey and Afghanistan.Othman, like his predecessor, is assassinated -but this time by rebellious Muslims. They chooseali, another son-in-law of Muhammad, as the fourth caliph. For the first time within the Muslim community the selected caliph is the choice of just one faction. Ali’s caliphate eventually provokes the only major sectarian split in the history of Islam, betweenSunni and Shi’a(seeThe Shi’as).|
|Raised to the position of caliph by rebels, Ali spends most of his reign in conflict with other Muslims. He wins the first battle, near Basra in 656, against an army fighting in support of Muhammad’s widow,A’isha. She is herself in the fray, riding a camel, with the result that the event is remembered as the ‘battle of the camel’.But it is Ali’s last success. The governor of Syria, Mu’awiya, wages a prolonged campaign against him to avenge the murder of the caliphOthman, his kinsman. Other opponents succeed in assassinating Ali, in 661, outside the mosque in Kufa – a Muslim garrison town to which he has moved the capital fromMedina.|
Where did Islam originate?
Where did Islam have its start?
Islam is the second-largest and fastest-growing religion on the planet, with more than 1.8 billion adherents, or 24.1 percent of the world’s population, according to the United Nations.
Islam is a religion that is practiced by the majority of people in 50 nations. It teaches that its one God, Allah, is benevolent and all-powerful, and that he has led and educated mankind through the prophets of the Islamic faith.
Answer and Explanation:
Islam was founded at the city of Mecca, in the Arabian Peninsula. Most Muslims believe that Muhammad received revelations from God, Allah, through the angel Gabriel, and that he subsequently penned the revelations down in what is known as the sacred book of Islam, the Qur’an, which is considered to be the most important book in the world. Some think that, despite the fact that the verses of the Qur’an were penned by Muhammad, Islam has far older origins that date back to the Prophet Abraham more than 4000 years ago.
Learn more about this topic:
Chapter 2/ Lesson 20 of the History of Islam is a lesson for children. An inside look at the history of Islam, a religion that is embraced by many people throughout the Middle East and northern Africa, will be provided throughout this lecture. Continue reading to learn more about Islam, the world’s second-largest religion by population.
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However, while some earlier histories mention Islam being widely adopted beyond the Arab peninsula beginning in the mid-seventh century, in reality this did not occur for at least a century beyond that time period. According to Richard C. Foltz, the reason for this misunderstanding is due to a misinterpretation of the wordislam (which means “submission”), which has been used in Muslim histories to refer to the submission of one clan to the authority of another, rather than the spread of the Islamic faith in its proper sense.
To the contrary, Foltz claims that the act of submitting resulted in the formation of de facto non-aggression pacts between Muslim Arabs and their neighbors.
When the Muslim clans expanded into these territories, they had no difficulty ousting the Sassanian and Byzantine rulers and their soldiers; some communities, according to Foltz, even opened their doors to the Muslim Arabs and greeted them as liberators after the invasion.
Several other kingdoms ruled by Arab and non-Arab Muslim dynasties would come to dominate the entire world by 750, extending from Spain in the west all the way through northern Africa, across all of Persia and the entire Middle East, as far east as the eastern edge of the Tang Empire in the Tarim Basin, and crossing the Indus river into the Indian subcontinent.
Instead, they were bound together by governments that were based on the interpretation of Islamic law and had a common history.
For the most part, Muslims referred to their faith as “the Arab religion” (al-din al-‘arab), and they made little effort to convert non-Muslims to Islam.
3 Consistently distinguishing between reigning Muslims and conquered non-Muslims provided for smoother government and ensured Muslims a favored position under the rules of each of the numerous Islamic nations in which they lived.
Fourteenth, non-Muslims were strongly encouraged to convert to Islam, particularly those who had previously held elite economic, social, and political positions.
Apart from that, the Arabs saw in those they conquered a natural aptitude for administrative work.
As government officials, it would appear that they should have converted to Islam, however they did not do so until after they began to advocate for the same rights as Arab Muslims.
As a result of this development, Arab Muslims began to see non-Arab converts asmawla (or “clients”), so elevating themawla to the status of honorary clan member.
6 By the middle of the ninth century, Muslims had gained control of the western part of the Silk Route, and trade had emerged as the second most important element in Islam’s growth.
7Muslim traders journeyed as far as the Tang capital of Chang-an, as well as other towns in the Chinese empire, and even further to the east, to trade with the Chinese.
At 757, the Tang emperor handed Muslim troops lands in the western-most periphery of the empire as a prize for their assistance in putting down the uprising of An Lushan, and fifty years later Muslims were permitted to settle in Yunnan province.
8 Islam dictates that children of Muslim fathers must be reared as Muslims, which resulted in the establishment of a Muslim Chinese minority in certain locations during the Tang dynasty.
– John D.
Martin’s Press, 1999), p.
(2) Foltz, Richard C., Religions of the Silk Road: Overland Trade and Cultural Exchange from Antiquity to the Fifteenth Century (New York: St.
(4) Lewis, Bernad, et al (ed.).
II, Religion and Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987), page 224.
II, Religion and Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987), page 224.
(6 ) Ira M. Lapidus’s A History of Islamic Societies (Cambridge University Press, 1988) has the following passage: “A History of Islamic Societies” (p. 98). Foltz (1996), p. 96.