What Do Islam And Christianity Have In Common? (TOP 5 Tips)

Islam and Christianity both ascribe that Jesus Christ was the promised Messiah and did perform miracles. Both Muslims and Christians believe Satan is real and evil and that he tries to make people follow him instead of God. The two faiths believe Jesus will return from Heaven.


What are three things that Christianity and Islam have in common?

Aside from being monotheistic belief systems that arose in the Middle East, Christianity, Judaism and Islam have a great deal in common. There are notable similarities in notions of sacrifice, good works, hospitality, peace, justice, pilgrimage, an afterlife and loving God with all one’s heart and soul.

How are Christianity and Islam related to each other?

Three of the world’s major religions — the monotheist traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam — were all born in the Middle East and are all inextricably linked to one another. Christianity was born from within the Jewish tradition, and Islam developed from both Christianity and Judaism.

What are 2 things that Christianity and Islam have in common?

Both Muslims and most Christians believe Mary was a virgin and that Jesus was born miraculously. Islam and Christianity both ascribe that Jesus Christ was the promised Messiah and did perform miracles. Both Muslims and Christians believe Satan is real and evil and that he tries to make people follow him instead of God.

What does Christianity have in common with other religions?

Both religions share the belief in the virgin birth of Jesus, his miracles and healings, and they also share the belief that he ascended bodily into heaven.

Does Islam celebrate Christmas?

“Islam teaches to respect others’ values and culture. As Muslims, we don’t celebrate Christmas but as a member of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community, we help people attend church services, take part in food drives and try to help and play a part in the joy of those individuals who are celebrating alone.

What is Islam religion based on?

The basis for Islamic doctrine is found in the Qur’an (Koran). Muslims believe the Qur’an is the word of God, spoken by the angel Gabriel to Muhammad. The Qur’an was only in oral form while Muhammad was living, which means it was constantly interpreted by Muhammad and his disciples.

What religion is most similar to Islam?

As opposed to Christianity, which originated from interaction between ancient Greek, Roman, and Hebrew cultures, Judaism is very similar to Islam in its fundamental religious outlook, structure, jurisprudence and practice.

What does Islam say about other religions?

Muslims are not expected to visualize God but to worship and adore him as a protector. Any kind of idolatry is condemned in Islam. (Quran 112:2) As a result, Muslims hold that for someone to worship any other gods or deities other than Allah (Shirk (polytheism)) is a sin that will lead to separation from Allah.

What are the similarities between Christianity and Islam quizlet?

Terms in this set (6) Christians believe in both the resurrection and ascension of Jesus. Muslims believe in the sin of Adam and Eve, but not the idea of inherited sins for all. Christians believe all humanity inherited the original sin of Adam and Eve. Both believe in heaven and hell; an eternal life.

What Christianity and Islam have in common

  • In the midst of the cacophony of opposing voices promoting fear-based politics, this commonality is all too frequently overlooked. Harrison Akins is a graduate research fellow at the University of Tennessee
  • He has a bachelor’s degree in history.
  • There are many individuals today who believe that Islam and Christianity are embroiled in a civilisational war, a viewpoint that has served as a justification for a number of actions implemented by the Trump administration. But this is an erroneous and oversimplified evaluation of the relationship between these two religions, as demonstrated by the previous argument. Rather than engaging in an apocalyptic fight, an understanding of the Islamic faith’s fundamental principles demonstrates respect for Christian beliefs and practices. Islam and Christianity are both derived from the same Abrahamic tradition. Key personalities from the Bible, such as Abraham (Ibrahim), Moses (Musa), Mary (Maryam), and Jesus (Isa), among others, are all revered prophets and figures in Islam, as are key figures from the Bible. The Quran contains a chapter dedicated to Mary, and according to the Quran, Jesus is the only person who is capable of performing miracles. The Christians and Jews are therefore classified inside Islam as “People of the Book,” and their religious traditions as well as their rights were to be completely safeguarded as monotheistic faiths with revelations that were thought to be earlier versions of the identical revelation to the Prophet of Islam. During the early seventh century, a letter of protection from Prophet Muhammad to the Christian monks at St. Catherine’s Monastery in Sinai entrenched the protection that Christian communities were supposed to receive under Islam. Under the terms of this letter, the monks were assured that they would have the right to practice their faith under Islamic authority, and that they would be protected from any unlawful interference or harassment, whether within their own communities or when traveling across the world. Unlike a fight with Christianity, Prophet Muhammad went on to say that “no one shall wield arms against them, but on the contrary, they shall wage war for them.” Specifically, the lyrics of Hafez, the most famous and well-loved of Muslim poets from the 14th century, reflect the reverence that Muslims feel for Jesus in particular. As he puts it in one of the stanzas, he says, “I am a hole in a flute through which the breath of Christ moves/Listen to this song.” Similarly, Ambassador Akbar Ahmed, the former Pakistani Ambassador to the United Kingdom and current Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies at American University, with whom I had the pleasure of working as a researcher, expressed his reverence for Jesus in an interview, saying unequivocally, “For me as a Muslim, Jesus is in Islam the ultimate symbol of compassion, love for humanity, piety, and simplicity.” This type of respect is not only reciprocal, but also reciprocal in nature. In their speeches, even the Founding Fathers of the United States expressed affection for Prophet Muhammad and support for the rights of Muslims in the United States of America. “Serious inquirers for truth,” as John Adams put it, and “a model of compassion for the whole world,” as Franklin put it, were the Prophet’s praises for the Prophet Muhammad. George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, both of whom had a copy of the Quran, laid the groundwork for our country’s founding ideals, which included being open and hospitable to people of all faiths, including Muslims who would be under the “mantle of protection.” As opposed to a civilizational conflict, we are witnessing a situation in which two religions have many commonalities, but this similarity is too frequently lost in the turbulence and noise of opposing voices that promote a politics of fear and separation in their own communities. There have been many problems and conflicts that have unfortunately existed between Christians and Muslims over the centuries, and there will continue to be problems and conflicts because the close relationship and theological bonds have been forgotten under the pressures and priorities of contemporary politics, and they will continue to exist. However, these political disputes do not overshadow the importance of this rich history and religion. The Trump administration and politicians around the country should not be promoting additional conflict between Christianity and Islam under the guise of a “civilizational war” in response to many of the issues and challenges facing Muslims around the world. Instead, they should concentrate on the similarities that exist between these two great world religions in order to collaborate on the resolution of any seemingly insurmountable problems. Exacerbating the hatred and violence that now exists between these two religion communities will do little to alleviate the situation and will make any serious difficulties even more difficult to resolve. At the University of Tennessee’s Baker Center for Public Policy, Harrison Akins is a graduate research fellow in public policy.

Beliefs and Common Stories

Beliefs and common stories are two types of stories.

Shared Beliefs of the Abrahamic Religions

The Abrahamic faiths, which include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, are collectively referred to as the Abrahamic religions. A number of conflicts have erupted amongst the Abrahamic religions over the course of the previous several thousand years. Therefore, many people believe that they are fundamentally different, although there are many ideas that are shared by Judaism, Christianity, and Islam that are distinct from one another. The significance of prayer, festivities, generosity, cleanliness, and pilgrimage are just a few of the shared beliefs, rituals, and traditions that people throughout the world hold.


Most notably, because of their common ancestors, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are together referred to as the Abrahamic religions. All Jews, Christians, and Muslims believe that God formed a covenant, or agreement, with Abraham, and that this covenant is still in effect today. This covenant ensured that Christians would maintain their trust in God and worship Him in perpetuity, and that this practice of worship would be passed down from generation to generation. God agreed to protect Abraham’s offspring, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren in exchange for his protection.

  1. Angels intervene and prevent Abraham from offering his son as a sacrifice to God (Public Domain).
  2. In various sections of the Arabian Peninsula, he established their settlements: Isaac near Jerusalem and Ishmael near Mecca.
  3. Each of the Abrahamic religions places a high value on Isaac and Ishmael’s contributions.
  4. This is the tale told in the book of Genesis, which is used by both Judaism and Christianity.
  5. While approaching Mecca’s sacred site, Muslim pilgrims chant “Labaik!
  6. At Your Command!” They are essentially repeating the phrase, “Here I am, Lord!
  7. In this myth, God appears to Abraham in a dream and informs him that he must sacrifice his son.
  8. God, on the other hand, redeemed the sacrifice by sending a gorgeous ram in its place.
  9. While the account is the same in all three monotheistic religions, the Bible and the Quran have slightly different interpretations of it.

Although the Biblical account states that Isaac was the son to be sacrificed, the Quran states that Ishmael was the son to be slaughtered. The lesson of obedience and the power of faith, on the other hand, are the same.


Each Abrahamic religion celebrates a few important holidays throughout the year, which are listed here. The time of these events is determined by the lunar calendar, which is used by both Judaism and Islam. Because a lunar cycle corresponds to the phases of the moon, the celebrations take place at a different time each year. Some Christian feast days are also impacted by the lunar calendar, including the Easter holiday. The Jewish holidays of Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Passover, Shavuot, Sukkot, Chanukkah, and Purim are among the most important.

  • Advent, Christmas, Lent, Good Friday, Easter, and Pentecost are some of the most important Christian holidays.
  • According to both Christianity and Islam, Jesus is a prophet of great significance, and both religions believe that he is the Messiah.
  • When Muslims fast throughout Ramadan, they do so in accordance with the Quran’s instructions.
  • They also place a strong emphasis on forgiveness and specific prayers.
  • The feast day that marks the conclusion of Ramadan is known as Eid al-Fitr.
  • Fasting, which involves abstaining from eating or particular types of food for an extended period of time, is a frequent form of devotion in the Abrahamic religions.
  • Each of the Abrahamic religions contains days of fasting, during which individuals abstain from the essentials of life for a period of remembering — as well as feast days to express gratitude.
  • As part of these events, people are also encouraged to attend special religious services.
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All religions are united in their belief in the necessity of worshiping God. In the most fundamental sense, prayer is a kind of worship. Each religious tradition provides certain language and conditions for prayer, which must be performed at specific times of the day and in specific places. Public prayer at places of worship is common to all three faiths: for Jews, it takes place on Saturday, for Christians, it takes place on Sunday, and for Muslims, it takes place on Friday, as well as during many holidays throughout year.

Furthermore, the desire to communicate with God is shared by individuals all around the world, regardless of whether they adhere to a specific religious tradition.

In the eyes of the majority of followers of Abrahamic religions, prayers commemorating the passage of time and the passage of time on an annual cycle are among the most essential indications of obedience to God.

Scientific endeavors to develop precise timekeeping and calendars are inspired by such ceremonies as well as by other religions. These efforts have been brought together and shared by Jewish, Christian, and Muslim astronomers in their work.

Charity and Purification

Another prevalent practice in the Abrahamic faith is charitable giving, which can be done as an act of kindness, to assist the destitute, or as a means of making amends for wrongdoing. Similarly, the notion that riches may be purged via giving can be found in all three religions. Before prayer, a Muslim does ceremonial wudu, or washing, as part of his or her religious obligations (circa 1865). Water has also been associated with spiritual importance in the Abrahamic faiths as well. It is a prevalent motif in religious rituals to purify the body before praying and in conjunction with other rites.


In addition, the notions of pilgrimage are comparable throughout the three religions. In their quest for enlightenment, adherents of different faiths go to sacred locations. At the church, they ask for forgiveness and work to deepen their relationship with God. Each pilgrimage, on the other hand, takes them to a new location. As one of Islam’s five pillars of religion, Muslims are required to perform a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lives. Visits to the holy land and other sites have been a long-standing practice among Christians.

  • Ethics, practicality, and religious regulations are followed by individuals and communities.
  • Members of the community and its leaders are individuals who have received specialized training in the understanding of their faith as well as in the care of the community and its members.
  • A Rabbi is a religious leader in the Jewish faith.
  • The term literally translates as “my master.” Rabbis lead over Jewish congregations in synagogues, which are halls of worship dedicated to the Jewish faith.
  • Only priests who have been taught, ordained, or initiated are capable of performing some holy tasks of worship for the lay, or ordinary, population.
  • No priesthood, no ordination, no religious hierarchy are recognized in Islamic tradition.
  • Imams can conduct prayers at mosques, which are Muslim halls of worship where men and women can gather together.

The phrase literally translates as “one who is knowledgeable.” Learn more about the common beliefs held by Jews, Christians, and Muslims by visiting this page. Uighur Ulema in the People’s Republic of China (circa 1933).

Similarities & Differences Between Islam & Christianity: Lesson for Kids – Video & Lesson Transcript

David Wilson is a writer and musician from the United Kingdom. David has experience teaching college history and has a Master’s degree in history. Take a look at my bio Sasha Blakeley is a model and actress. Sasha Blakeley holds a Bachelor’s degree in English Literature from McGill University, as well as a TEFL certification from the British Council. She has been a full-time English teacher in Canada and Taiwan for the past seven years. Take a look at my bio Examine the similarities and contrasts between Islam and Christianity in order to uncover their common beginnings as well as the points at which they split.

The most recent update was made on January 4, 2022.

Monotheistic Religions

Take a look around your classroom and assume that it represents the entire world: if there are 20 of your classmates, that means that each one of you represents 350 million people, which is about the population of the United States. It also implies that half of your classmates are either Christians or Muslims, because Christianity and Islam account for half of the world’s population, respectively, as Christianity and Islam. Christianity and Islam are not just popular religions, but they also share several characteristics in common.

Although Christianity and Islam are similar in their conception of God, there are some significant distinctions in the manner in which they practice their faith.


As Abrahamicreligions, Christianity and Islam are both regarded to have begun with the biblical prophet Abraham, which means that they both believe that they have a common beginning with one another. Christians and Muslims believe in many of the same principles as Jews, including one God, an afterlife in either heaven or hell, and prophets who come to proclaim the message of God. Some of these notions are shared by both religions. One significant resemblance that can be seen between Christianity and Islam is that both religions have a holy book that they utilize to better comprehend their conception of God and to follow their respective religions more effectively.

Both the Bible and the Quran have histories of both religions that go all the way back to the beginning of the world, according to their respective beliefs.

Islam and Christianity: Explore Further

This course exposed you to the beginnings of Christianity and Islam, two of the world’s most important religions, as well as the distinctions between them.

Learn more about the subject by participating in these activities.

In Your Experience

Consider your own upbringing, whether you were raised as a Christian, Muslim, adherent of another religion, or without any religious affiliation. Take a look at your own background and how it relates to this lesson. When it comes to religion, how does this description match to your own personal experiences? Did you get any new knowledge regarding faiths that you do not adhere to? In the event that you are neither Christian or Muslim, how do your religious traditions (if any) vary from those mentioned here?

Deep Dive

If you are a Christian, you should respond to this prompt with Islam, and vice versa. In the event that you are neither Christian nor Muslim, pick one of the two options. This class provided an excellent introduction to these faiths, but there is still much more to learn about them. Carry out some of your own study and look at the history of each religion, as well as the beliefs that are associated with each. Create a thorough list or paragraph that explains what you’ve discovered. How has this knowledge aided you in developing a more nuanced view of a religion that you do not adhere to or believe in?


Faiths such as Christianity and Islam are also monotheistic, yet they are by no means the only monotheistic religions practiced around the world. Are there any more that come to mind? Consider, for example, what you may learn about monotheistic faiths today and throughout history by searching the internet. In this lesson, you will compare and contrast the practices of one other monotheistic religion with what you have learnt in this course. Create a Venn diagram or write an essay to summarize your results.

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Comparison Chart – Islam and Christianity

God Only one god – called Allah Only one God – a triune being called God or Yahweh
Jesus A prophet who was virgin-born, but not the Son of God Divine son of God who was virgin-born. He is God’s Word and Savior to humanity
Crucifixion Jesus was not crucified. Someone was substituted for Jesus and He hid until He could meet with the disciples A fact of history that is necessary for the atonement of sin and the salvation of believers
Jesus’ Resurrection Since Muslims do not believe in the Crucifixion, there is no need to believe in the Resurrection A fact of history that signifies God’s victory over sin and death
Trinity A blasphemy signifying belief in three gods. In Islam, the Trinity is mistakenly thought to be God, Jesus, and Mary The one God is eternally revealed in three coequal and coeternal persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit
Sin Sin is disobedience to the established law. Sin does not grieve Allah. Sin is rebellion against God. Sin grieves God
Man Man is created by Allah and is sinless Man is created in God’s image and is sinful by nature
Salvation Salvation is achieved by submitting to the will of Allah. There is no assurance of salvation – it is granted by Allah’s mercy alone Salvation is a gift accepted by faith in the atonement of Jesus Christ on the Cross and provided through God’s grace
Bible Muslims accept the Bible (especially the Pentateuch, Psalms, and Gospels) insofar as it agrees with the Qur’an The Bible is the inspired Word of God that is complete and not to be added to
Qur’an (Koran) A later revelation that supersedes and corrects errors in the Bible Not accepted as divine revelation
Muhammad The last in the line of prophets and, therefore, the final authority in spiritual matters Not accepted as a prophet or legitimate theological source
Angels These divine messengers are created from light and are not worshipped. Satan is an angel Angels are defined in the Bible as heavenly servants of God who act as His messengers
Last Days There will be bodily resurrection and final judgment with final destination. All Muslims go to heaven, though some must be purged of their sins first. All infidels are destined for hell There will be bodily resurrection in the last days. Final judgment and eternal destination (heaven or hell) will be decided based on acceptance of Jesus as Savior and His removal of the sin which separates each person from God
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How is Islam Similar to Christianity and Judaism?

The following article is an excerpt from the book What Everyone Needs to Know About ISLAM, written by John L. Esposito and published by Routledge. In this section, you can find answers to frequently asked questions. What are the similarities and differences between Islam and Christianity and Judaism? Judaism Christianity and Islam, in contrast to Hinduism and Buddhism, are all monotheistic religions that worship the God of Adam, Abraham, and Moses, who is the creator, sustainer, and master of the universe, as well as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

  • All emphasize the importance of moral duty and accountability, as well as the importance of Judgment Day and everlasting reward and punishment.
  • Religions such as Christianity acknowledge God’s covenant with and revelation to the Jews, but they have historically considered themselves as having superseded Judaism with the arrival of Jesus.
  • The same is true in terms of Islam and Muslims’ recognition of Judaism and Christianity, including their biblical prophets (such as Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus), as well as their revelations (the Torah and the New Testament, or Message of Jesus).
  • Aside from that, Islam includes many allusions to Jesus and to the Virgin Mary, who is mentioned more times in the Quran than she is in the New Testament combined.
  • To the contrary of Christianity, which accepts most of the Hebrew Bible, Muslims believe that the Old and New Testaments contain a distorted version of the original revelation to Moses and Jesus, respectively.
  • All three religions place a high value on peace.
  • On many occasions, though, the greeting of peace has been reserved for members of one’s own religious group.
  • Even in current times, the fusion of faith and politics continues to exist, but it manifests in a variety of forms, as can be observed in Northern Ireland, South Africa, the United States, Israel, and other parts of the Middle East.
  • Religious law has traditionally been the fundamental religious discipline in Judaism and Islam, whereas theology has traditionally been the primary religious discipline in Christianity.
  • What is the Muslim community’s opinion on Judaism?
  • Because Muslims believe that God revealed His will via His prophets, such as Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, both Jews and Christians are accorded a particular role inside Islam.

(Surah 3:84) (Arabic) Due to the fact that all three monotheistic faiths come from the same patrilineage of Abraham, the Quran, Islam, and Jews view Jews and Christians as offspring of Abraham and refer to them collectively as “People of the Book.” Jews and Christians trace their ancestors back to Abraham and his wife Sarah, whereas Muslims trace their ancestors back to Abraham and his slave Hagar.

  • The prophet Moses, according to Muslims, was the first to receive God’s revelation (Torah), which was later passed on to Christians through the prophet Jesus.
  • Mary is another popular Muslim given name.
  • They do, however, feel that throughout time, the original revelations to Moses and Jesus got perverted and distorted.
  • The same may be said about the New Testament and what Muslims consider to be the creation of “new” and erroneous teachings within Christianity, such as the belief that Jesus is the Son of God and that Jesus’ death redeemed and atoned for humankind’s original sin, among other things.
  • Esposito is a University Professor, Professor of Religion and International Affairs, and the founding director of the Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding.
  • from the University of Pennsylvania.
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Looking for Similarities Where Others See Differences (Published 2005)

Religion is no longer reserved for the religiously inclined. American society has been forced to acknowledge that religious differences kill, even (or perhaps especially) in this century, since the World Trade Center towers were demolished in the name of God four years ago, and since the journalist Daniel Pearl and countless others were murdered by men and women who appear to believe that heaven will reward their actions. Some people feel that fundamental religious tolerance of others’ beliefs is the solution.

  • Another approach is used in the thought-provoking PBS documentary “Three Faiths, One God: Judaism, Christianity, Islam,” which takes a different approach.
  • So let us just refer to ourselves as Abrahamic, shake hands, and enjoy ourselves.
  • According to Ms.
  • Apart from the fact that they are all monotheistic religions that originated in the Middle East, Christianity, Judaism, and Islam have a great deal in common.
  • Fasting (to a certain extent) during Ramadan and Lent, as well as on Yom Kippur, is observed by all three religions as a symbol of purity.
  • The words “Peace be with you” are used to conclude a Muslim prayer.
  • “In essence, they are the same book,” says Rabbi David Rosen of the New Testament, the Torah, and the Koran.
  • This swiftly demonstrates that experts, at least those who are proficient in the use of electronic media, are far more intriguing than the vast majority of “actual people.” It appears that a portion about the challenges of intermarriage should have been included in another video.
  • Three religions, but only one God Religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Tomorrow night at 7:00 p.m.
  • Gerald Krell directed and produced the film, with Meyer Odze serving as producer, cameraman, and editor, and Adam Krell serving as associate producer.

The show was produced by Auteur Productions and broadcast by Connecticut Public Television, with Larry Rifkin serving as executive producer. American Public Television distributes the program around the country.

Faith matters: 7 things Christians, Jews and Muslims share

When it comes to addressing the world’s main faiths, the emphasis is frequently on the divisions that exist between them. For the sake of Christ, we’re going to take a look at what the three monotheistic religions have in common in our upcoming episodeforchristssake. Jesus Christ is more than merely a significant character in Christian tradition. He is also revered as a prophet in the Muslim faith, despite the fact that he was born into a Jewish family. Seven lesser-known truths regarding what unifies the three main faiths are presented in this article.

  • Abraham: the first president of the United States The moment when God promises Abraham many descendants is shown in this painting.
  • As a result, faiths such as Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are collectively referred to as religions.
  • They are credited with being the founding fathers of the Arabic people, according to biblical accounts.
  • Islamic religion, according to the Koranlink: (Koran 2:135), was not a new religion, but should be considered instead as a continuation of Abraham’s ancient faith.
  • Jerusalem: a universally revered sacred city View of Jerusalem’s medieval city center, with the Western Wall (on the left) and the golden cupola of the Dome of the Rock (on the right).
  • Islamic scholars believe that Muhammad received insights from God while standing atop the Dome of the Rock, and hence they revere it as a sacred site for them.
  • Christians venerate Jerusalem as the location where Jesus was crucified, buried, and risen from the dead.


The Tanakh and the Talmud are the two books that make up the Jewish sacred book.

The account of Jesus’ crucifixion is also told in the Koran, which may be found at:quran.com/4/157-158.


When churches were packed with attendees in the past, a speaking voice alone couldn’t reach people sat in the rear pews.

From church Gospel music to the chanting tradition in synagogues to the distinctive Muslim call to prayer, all of these vocal traditions may be linked back to this fundamental desire to communicate information effectively.

Mecca is the connecting link: the last destination for Muslim pilgrims.

Sixth, the wordless name “Allah” written in Arabic letters on the walls of the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque.

Muslims, as well as Arabic-speaking Christians, refer to God in broad terms by using the Arabic word “Allah”link: However, Muslims also use the phrase to talk explicitly about their deity, which can be found at http://iichyderabad.org/article/who-allah-1.

There is apparently a 100th name that is supposed to exist, but it is unutterable.

Christians and Jews, in a similar vein, refer to their deity by a specific name, such as Elohim or Yahweh.

However, many public facilities, such as airports, colleges, and hospitals, now include interfaith prayer spaces that are open to all faiths.

In terms of design, these areas are neutral, and they tend to avoid showing any symbols at all. There is one exception, however: the emergency escape signs that are shown on the wall, which are internationally recognized and generally uncontroversial.

In spite of their differences, Jews, Christians and Muslims worship the same God

According to popular belief, Allah is a violent, warlike deity, in contrast to the God of Christianity and Judaism who is viewed as a loving, merciful deity of compassion and kindness. However, despite the obvious variations in the way their religions are practiced, Jews, Christians, and Muslims all worship the same God, according to the Bible. Muhammad, the creator of Islam, considered himself to be the last in a line of prophets that stretched back through Jesus to Moses, beyond him to Abraham, and all the way back to the biblical patriarch Noah.

  • Consequently, given that Muhammad inherited both Jewish and Christian conceptions of God, it is not unexpected that the God of Muhammad, Jesus and Moses is a complex and ambiguous figure, with qualities such as kindness and compassion, as well as wrath and rage.
  • Nonetheless, you didn’t want to get on his bad side.
  • His anger and punishment would fall on those who failed to find the way or, having found it, failed to pursue it in the first place.
  • Images courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The Torah, according to Jewish tradition, contains the whole revelation of God (the first five books of the Old Testament).
  • When he instructed Abraham to give his son as a burned sacrifice to God, he went well beyond the call of duty.
  • 450 prophets of the ancient Canaanite god Baal were slaughtered by Elijah, and he gave his approval.
  • He cherished Israel in the same way a father cherished his kid.
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Hans Meling’s painting, Christ Bestowing His Blessing (1478).

The prayer that Jesus delivered to his followers, on the one hand, talked of a personal God, addressing him as “Father,” while on the other, Jesus spoke of a universal God.

Jesus preached doom and gloom, just as the prophets of the Old Testament had done.

God would appear at the end of history to deliver judgment.

The lucky few would be granted perpetual bliss, while the evil majority would be sent into the endless fires of hell, where they would burn forever.

God would act in the manner of a God of justice at the end of the world.

As a result, God would reward or punish each individual in the gardens of paradise or the fiery depths of hell, depending on their behavior.

Those who had been saved would be rewarded with the pleasures of heaven.

They would be taken directly to heaven.

First and foremost, submission (“islam” in Arabic) to God, adherence to his instructions as revealed in the Quran, and devotion to God’s apostle Muhammad were required for eternal salvation.

When it came to marriage and family law, women, inheritance, food and drink, worship and purity, warfare, punishments for adultery and false charges of adultery, alcohol, and theft, the Quran gave (often contradictory) direction to the believing community.

Muslims, Christians, and Jews are all devotees of the same complicated deity, Allah.

This is the point at when they came to be together.

The fact that one religion is true while another is false leads to inevitable conflict between believers and nonbelievers, between those who have been chosen and those who have been rejected, between those who are saved and those who have been condemned.

Intolerance and violence are sown in this place. As a result, the God of Muhammad, like the God of Jesus and Moses, is a source of contention both within and within these religions as much as he is a source of unification.

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

As civilizations grow in size and complexity, individuals are more inclined to adhere to monotheistic faiths, according to research. In the history of the globe, the three most significant monotheistic faiths were Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, all of which had their origins in the Middle East.


Judaism has been around since around 1200 B.C. The original Hebrews were nomads who settled in the area of Canaan, which is close to Egypt, some 2,000 years ago. Unlike their polytheistic neighbors, the Jewish patriarchs (also known as “leaders”) and prophets (also known as “inspired” instructors) dedicated their lives to a single almighty God, the Creator of the universe. They emphasized complete loyalty to Yahweh via the establishment of a rigid moral code or rule. The Tenakh is the name given by Jews to their sacred literature, which Christians refer to as the “Old Testament.” It is the Tenakh that contains the five books of the Torah, which begin with God’s creation of the world through the message of his prophets.

The Torah is an important part of Jewish religious practice.

A silver crown is placed on the scroll, which is then carried in procession to the lectern by the rabbi.


Jesus Christ is revered as both the Son of God and the Messiah (which means “Christ” and “Annointed One”) who comes to rescue the world, according to Christian belief. This worldwide religion began as a branch of Judaism that adopted many of the beliefs and practices of the Jewish faith in its early stages. Following the death of Jesus, Christians began to separate themselves from their Jewish neighbors within a couple of decades. It was a Greek-speaking Jew and Roman citizen by the name of Saul of Tarsus who was responsible for most of Christianity’s quick expansion in its early years.

  • Paul, he traveled widely across the Middle East, Turkey, and Greece, preaching and planting churches.
  • During that historical period, Emperor Constantine declared Christianity to be the official religion of the Roman Empire.
  • The “New Testament” (new covenant) of the Bible (which consists of the 66 books of the Judeo-Christian Scriptures) is a collection of 26 books and letters that interpret sections of the Tenakh from a Christian point of view (the Old Testament).
  • Paul, which early Christians conveyed to newly founded churches, the New Testament also contains a number of unique doctrines.
  • Christianity is the most numerous of the world’s religions, yet it is also the one that is most uniformly distributed around the world, more so than any other religion.

Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Protestantism are the three most important Christian denominations in the world (which includes such denominations as Methodist, Presbyterian, Episcopalian, and Baptist).


  • Islam, the world’s second-largest religion today, derives from the teachings of the prophet Mohammed, who lived in the 7th century. Islam is the religion of peace and harmony. His teachings are the most direct expression of Allah’s will, the one and only God of Islam. The Moslems, or adherents of the Islamic faith, believe that Allah communicated to them through former prophets, such as Jesus and Moses, before revealing himself to Mohammed. Moslems have five fundamental religious responsibilities, which are referred to as “The Pillars of Islam”:
  • Reciting the Islamic faith, which declares that Allah is the one God and that Mohammed is His messenger
  • And Participating in ceremonial washings and uttering formal prayers five times a day are mandatory requirements. In these prayers, believers constantly direct their gaze towards the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Observance of Ramadan, a month of fasting during which Muslims are not permitted to consume food or drink during daylight hours
  • Providing financial assistance to the needy
  • Traveling to Mecca at least once in one’s lifetime

The Koran, which is a collection of messages that Mohammed received from Allah, is considered to be the foundation of Islam. (The title “Koran” comes from an Arabic phrase that means “to recite.”) In order to communicate with his students, the prophet remembered Allah’s words because he was unable to write or read them himself. Following Mohammed’s death, his disciples recorded these insights in writing. The Koran establishes norms of everyday conduct as well as the Five Pillars of Islam. Islam now boasts more than 600 million believers all across the world, making it the world’s largest religion.

What are the differences among Judaism, Christianity and Islam?

Accepting the inherent constraints of expressing one’s beliefs on behalf of another religious tradition, we may state that Judaism and Islam vary from Christianity principally in their understandings of the person of Jesus. For Christians, Jesus is the fulfillment of the promise made in the Old Testament. Judaism and Islam, on the other hand, do not acknowledge Jesus as a divine being. This is why the monotheistic observed by religions such as Judaism and Islam differs from the monotheism practiced by the Christian religion.

  • The Islamic faith, on the other hand, would classify Christianity as a tritheistic religion, rather than a monotheistic one.
  • When attempting to speak about a spiritual tradition that is not one’s own, it is critical to recognize the danger of being viewed as being excessively presumptuous, simple, or authoritative, as was discussed last month in this column.
  • Despite the fact that they all share similar beliefs about their ancestor Abraham, they each have their own interpretations of the books concerning him.
  • As far as Christians are concerned, Jesus, as well as anyone who believe in him, are also descended from Abraham.
  • Professor Nagel is a physicist who teaches at a university.

How would a Judaic or Islamic reading of the Old Testament differ from a Christian reading?

When it comes to interpreting the Old Testament through the lens of Christology, whether tacitly or overtly, a Christian reading is unavoidable. Nonetheless, because both are of the Word, the Old Testament and the New Testament must be seen as being in a state of continuity with one another. Judaism, on the other hand, does not have the same beliefs about the Incarnate Word as Christianity. Reading the Old Testament is done without regard for the person of Christ in mind, but rather as the oldest inspired records of their religious community through which they might view and better appreciate their current life as a people.

  • Islamic philosophy saw the Old Testament as having been faulty in some way.
  • To put it another way, if there was a conflict between the teachings of the Old Testament and the teachings of the Koran, the Koran’s teachings would be followed and the teachings of the Old Testament would be discarded.
  • Both the person of Jesus Christ, as well as the significance of his suffering, death, and resurrection, are seen differently by each of the three major faiths of the world.
  • “Hear, O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one,” the Shema declares in their language.
  • In Islam, like in other religions, the notion of a Trinitarian God indicates the existence of more than one God.
  • The result is that Christians read the Old Testament differently than do Jews and Muslims, in that Christians find a different level of meaning in it, specifically, a Christological level of meaning that interprets passages in light of the paschal mystery.

Professor Nagel is a physicist who teaches at a university.

Catechism quiz

Q: There are three fundamental manifestations of the life of prayer in the Christian tradition, according to me. Vocal prayer, such as saying the Our Father loudly, engages our senses and tries to transfer our emotions into external expression through engaging our voices. Meditation is more of a prayerful journey that incorporates the use of intellect, imagination, emotion, and desire in an endeavor to appropriate a topic of faith by addressing the facts of our own lives. Meditation is more of a spiritual quest than a religious practice.

A: Contemplative prayer is the answer.

“It achieves actual connection with Christ’s prayer to the degree that it helps us share in his mystery,” says the Pope.

Vatican II

The Decree on Ecumenism (Unitatis Redintegratio) declares that the Eastern Churches have a unique position in the Church’s hierarchy in terms of their relationship with it. Churches in the East and the West are united in a communion of faith and sacramental life that extends beyond the regrettable split that occurred centuries ago as a result of disagreements over dogmatic formulations and the abolition of ecclesiastical communion between the Eastern Patriarchates and the Holy See. Because of this, the Church’s longing for a return to complete communion becomes even more pressing.

They share a number of other characteristics with the West, including a passion for liturgy, a reverence for Mary, and a great esteem for the saints and those Fathers of the universal Church who are included among their ranks.

The traditions reflected in Eastern monastic life, which served as a model for Latin monastic life, are mentioned in the text.

Furthermore, the decree emphasizes that the fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith, such as those respecting the Trinity and the Virgin Mary, were established at ecumenical councils conducted in the Eastern hemisphere.

Ms. Elizabeth Nagel, a Sister of the Holy Spirit, is a lecturer in the Department of Biblical Exegesis and Proclamation at the University of Saint Mary of the Lake/Mundelein Seminary.

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