What Do The Sacred Texts Of Christianity, Judaism, And Islam Have In Common?

What do Christianity Christianity Judaism and Islam have in common?

  • In this way, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam share some mutually intelligible beliefs, practices, and ideas because of the way in which the three faiths emerged in world history, almost like the ways in which Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism share overlapping concepts.


What are the sacred text of Christianity and Islam?

The Holy Bible and the Qur’an are two sacred texts with great meanings in two different religions, the Christianity and Islam.

What do Christianity and Islam have in common quizlet sociology?

What do christianity and Islam have in common? All of the above: Both believe in a single supreme God. Both share many of the same stories in their central religious text.

What are the sacred texts of Christianity Islam and Judaism?

Identify the sacred texts of Judaism (TaNaK), Christianity (Bible) and Islam (Qur’an), and explain how God is revealed through these texts.

What does Christianity have in common with Judaism?

Both Judaism and Christianity make (7) a positive affirmation of the world as the arena of God’s activity, (8) as the place where people have an obligation to act ethically, and (9) which should be redeemed from injustice. Both believe in (10) a future life, as well as a doctrine of resurrection.

What do sacred texts have in common?

scripture, also called sacred scripture, the revered texts, or Holy Writ, of the world’s religions. Scriptures comprise a large part of the literature of the world. They vary greatly in form, volume, age, and degree of sacredness, but their common attribute is that their words are regarded by the devout as sacred.

What are sacred texts of Islam?

The Qur’an, the sacred text of Islam, is believed to be the Word of God as revealed to the Prophet. Here Dr Mustafa Shah describes the historical context of its revelation, its transmission and codification and its shared spiritual heritage with the other main Abrahamic faiths.

Which text is considered sacred to Christians of all sects?

The sacred text for Christians is the Bible. While Jews, Christians, and Muslims share many of same historical religious stories, their beliefs verge.

Which of the following statements about the religious experience as defined in the sociological study of religion are true quizlet?

Which of the following statements about the religious experience, as defined in the sociological study of religion, are true? They exhibit a high degree of religious fervor and loyalty. They are often at odds with society. They do not seek to become and established national religion.

What did Marx and Freud see as the downfall of religion that would lead to the secularization of society group of answer choices?

What did Marx and Freud see as the downfall of religion that would lead to the secularization of society? Religion simply kept the Proletariat in their low social class.

What are the sacred texts of Christianity?

The sacred text of Christianity is the Holy Bible. The Christian Bible has two parts: the Old Testament which is essentially the Hebrew scriptures of Jesus’ time; and the New Testament which contains writings about Jesus Christ and about the early church.

What are the sacred texts of Judaism?

Judaism – Sacred Texts

  • Collections.
  • Bible (Tanakh)
  • Dead Sea Scrolls.
  • Liturgical Texts (Prayer Books)
  • Mishnah.
  • Talmud.
  • Other.

What is a sacred text example?

All three religions are organized around scripture, or sacred writings, and also include a large amount of non-sacred writing. The central sacred text in Judaism is the Torah, five books attributed to Moses. In Islam, the Quran is the central sacred text, believed to be revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by God.

What do Christianity and Judaism have in common quizlet?

Terms in this set (3) They all come from Abraham and his sons Ishmael and Isaac. They all share the Old Testament. They all believe in God. They three believe in an afterlife.

What are the differences between Islam and Judaism?

2. Islam’s teaching is based on the Qu’ran, while Judaism’s ethics is a pattern from Tanakh. 3. Islam is governed by Allah and Muhammad’s teachings, while Judaism is rooted from the covenant of God and Abraham.

Beliefs and Common Stories

Beliefs and common stories are two types of stories.

Shared Beliefs of the Abrahamic Religions

The Abrahamic faiths, which include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, are collectively referred to as the Abrahamic religions. A number of conflicts have erupted amongst the Abrahamic religions over the course of the previous several thousand years. Therefore, many people believe that they are fundamentally different, although there are many ideas that are shared by Judaism, Christianity, and Islam that are distinct from one another. The significance of prayer, festivities, generosity, cleanliness, and pilgrimage are just a few of the shared beliefs, rituals, and traditions that people throughout the world hold.


Most notably, because of their common ancestors, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are together referred to as the Abrahamic religions. All Jews, Christians, and Muslims believe that God formed a covenant, or agreement, with Abraham, and that this covenant is still in effect today. This covenant ensured that Christians would maintain their trust in God and worship Him in perpetuity, and that this practice of worship would be passed down from generation to generation. God agreed to protect Abraham’s offspring, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren in exchange for his protection.

  1. Angels intervene and prevent Abraham from offering his son as a sacrifice to God (Public Domain).
  2. In various sections of the Arabian Peninsula, he established their settlements: Isaac near Jerusalem and Ishmael near Mecca.
  3. Each of the Abrahamic religions places a high value on Isaac and Ishmael’s contributions.
  4. This is the tale told in the book of Genesis, which is used by both Judaism and Christianity.
  5. While approaching Mecca’s sacred site, Muslim pilgrims chant “Labaik!
  6. At Your Command!” They are essentially repeating the phrase, “Here I am, Lord!
  7. In this myth, God appears to Abraham in a dream and informs him that he must sacrifice his son.
  8. God, on the other hand, redeemed the sacrifice by sending a gorgeous ram in its place.
  9. While the account is the same in all three monotheistic religions, the Bible and the Quran have slightly different interpretations of it.

Although the Biblical account states that Isaac was the son to be sacrificed, the Quran states that Ishmael was the son to be slaughtered. The lesson of obedience and the power of faith, on the other hand, are the same.


Each Abrahamic religion celebrates a few important holidays throughout the year, which are listed here. The time of these events is determined by the lunar calendar, which is used by both Judaism and Islam. Because a lunar cycle corresponds to the phases of the moon, the celebrations take place at a different time each year. Some Christian feast days are also impacted by the lunar calendar, including the Easter holiday. The Jewish holidays of Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Passover, Shavuot, Sukkot, Chanukkah, and Purim are among the most important.

  • Advent, Christmas, Lent, Good Friday, Easter, and Pentecost are some of the most important Christian holidays.
  • According to both Christianity and Islam, Jesus is a prophet of great significance, and both religions believe that he is the Messiah.
  • When Muslims fast throughout Ramadan, they do so in accordance with the Quran’s instructions.
  • They also place a strong emphasis on forgiveness and specific prayers.
  • The feast day that marks the conclusion of Ramadan is known as Eid al-Fitr.
  • Fasting, which involves abstaining from eating or particular types of food for an extended period of time, is a frequent form of devotion in the Abrahamic religions.
  • Each of the Abrahamic religions contains days of fasting, during which individuals abstain from the essentials of life for a period of remembering — as well as feast days to express gratitude.
  • As part of these events, people are also encouraged to attend special religious services.


All religions are united in their belief in the necessity of worshiping God. In the most fundamental sense, prayer is a kind of worship. Each religious tradition provides certain language and conditions for prayer, which must be performed at specific times of the day and in specific places. Public prayer at places of worship is common to all three faiths: for Jews, it takes place on Saturday, for Christians, it takes place on Sunday, and for Muslims, it takes place on Friday, as well as during many holidays throughout year.

Furthermore, the desire to communicate with God is shared by individuals all around the world, regardless of whether they adhere to a specific religious tradition.

In the eyes of the majority of followers of Abrahamic religions, prayers commemorating the passage of time and the passage of time on an annual cycle are among the most essential indications of obedience to God.

Scientific endeavors to develop precise timekeeping and calendars are inspired by such ceremonies as well as by other religions. These efforts have been brought together and shared by Jewish, Christian, and Muslim astronomers in their work.

Charity and Purification

Another prevalent practice in the Abrahamic faith is charitable giving, which can be done as an act of kindness, to assist the destitute, or as a means of making amends for wrongdoing. Similarly, the notion that riches may be purged via giving can be found in all three religions. Before prayer, a Muslim does ceremonial wudu, or washing, as part of his or her religious obligations (circa 1865). Water has also been associated with spiritual importance in the Abrahamic faiths as well. It is a prevalent motif in religious rituals to purify the body before praying and in conjunction with other rites.


In addition, the notions of pilgrimage are comparable throughout the three religions. In their quest for enlightenment, adherents of different faiths go to sacred locations. At the church, they ask for forgiveness and work to deepen their relationship with God. Each pilgrimage, on the other hand, takes them to a new location. As one of Islam’s five pillars of religion, Muslims are required to perform a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lives. Visits to the holy land and other sites have been a long-standing practice among Christians.

  1. Ethics, practicality, and religious regulations are followed by individuals and communities.
  2. Members of the community and its leaders are individuals who have received specialized training in the understanding of their faith as well as in the care of the community and its members.
  3. A Rabbi is a religious leader in the Jewish faith.
  4. The term literally translates as “my master.” Rabbis lead over Jewish congregations in synagogues, which are halls of worship dedicated to the Jewish faith.
  5. Only priests who have been taught, ordained, or initiated are capable of performing some holy tasks of worship for the lay, or ordinary, population.
  6. No priesthood, no ordination, no religious hierarchy are recognized in Islamic tradition.
  7. Imams can conduct prayers at mosques, which are Muslim halls of worship where men and women can gather together.

The phrase literally translates as “one who is knowledgeable.” Learn more about the common beliefs held by Jews, Christians, and Muslims by visiting this page. Uighur Ulema in the People’s Republic of China (circa 1933).

Christianity, Judaism, And Islam – 498 Words

  • Abrahamic faiths such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all acknowledge Abraham as one of God’s prophets, and all three of these religions are descended from Abraham. Due to the fact that their histories are connected, this demonstrates that they have comparable origins to one another. There is a precious holy book for every religion, which instructs believers on how to spend their lives in line with the laws of God. This is why they are all referred to as “People of the Book” since they received insights from God as a result of their actions. In the Qur’an, chapter twenty-nine verse forty-six states, “We believe in that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to you
  • Moses is given the Ten Commandments by God to share with his people
  • Moses is given the Ten Commandments, which are laws to obey, by God.” The Torah, often known as the Jewish Bible, is considered to be the most sacred book in Judaism. Israel and Judah are two kingdoms in which Judaism flourished fast throughout the Old Testament period. Synagogues and temples are now places of prayer, education, and preaching for those who practice Judaism today. A famous Jewish festival is Chanukah, also known as Hanukkah
  • The story of the origins of the Jewish faith and the creation of the world is presented throughout the Tanakh, or the Hebrew Bible, as the story of the creation of the world. The Torah, on the other hand, is the name given to Jewish teachings. The five books of Moses, on the other hand, are considered to be the most sacred of all the books of the Bible. In the same way that Muslims believe in the existence of prophets sent by God to deliver his message, Jews do not hold to the concept that just one prophet received revelations. There is a belief among them that all of the prophets heard them and that their teachings may be found in the Bible.
  • Knowing of this link, various religions have included Abraham into their religions as a symbol of obedience to God as a result of the numerous actions he performed. Zoroastrianism has had an impact on all three of these religions, and they are all related. Zoroaster was the first to teach the teachings of individual judgment, Heaven and Hell, the future resurrection of the body, the general Last Judgment, and eternal life for the reunited soul and body, even if Islam may have had a bigger influence. Th. in the midst of the page.and understood him in a different way than before. All religions had the commonality of owning sacred writings, but the emphasis placed on them and the meaning placed forward in each one was what separated them and caused an irreparable rift between them.
  • When it comes to sacred writings, the Bible is the text of choice for Christians of all denominations. The Old Testament and the New Testament are the two portions of this biblical book that are included. For example, in the Old Testament section, text terms such as Tanakh, which refers to the Hebrew bible, Tarah, which refers to the Pentateuch, Nevism, which refers to the prophet, and Ketuvin, which refers to writings, are found in the text. All of these Christian scriptures were thought to have been selected from a Greek translation completed by Jews in Egypt during the third century BCE, according to conventional wisdom. Similarly, the Christian people thought that these sacred scriptures prepared the way for the arrival of the messiah, who is known as Jesus Christy
  • The Quran, on the other hand, is a book that Muslims believe provides them with direction in all parts of their life. The Quran was a book that was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad directly from God himself. It is easy to identify the parallels and differences between the two. Both religions believe that God has given them a sacred scripture (the Bible and the Quran). Christians and Muslims must learn to obey and put into practice the message contained in the books – the Bible or the Quran – before they can be considered successful. The primary distinction between Christianity and Islam is that Christians believe the Bible was written by Jesus’ disciples while he was speaking, but Muslims believe it was authored by Allah. Muslims also believe that the Quran is truly the word of God, which was given to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel. People who practice Christianity and Islam are required to follow rituals and customs that they must follow throughout their lives
  • Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish rabbi, gained a following of followers who believed he was a new prophet. Their memory of Jesus’ words and acts take them back to his time on earth as well as the miracle of his resurrection from the dead on the first Easter Sunday. The first churches were established in Jerusalem by these Jewish Christians. Islam, like Christianity, was founded on the prophecies and teachings of a specific individual or prophet, Muhammad. It is important to note that the Arabian Peninsula was inhabited by both nomadic Bedouins and city-dwelling Arabs during Mohammed’s time (570-632)
  • The key is that the New Testament writers believed that Jesus was the Messiah, and as a result, these predictions of the Hebrew Bible, according to the New Testament writers, correspond to Jesus’ life. Typology is the study of the link between an event in the Hebrew Bible and another event in the Christian New Testament (sometimes known as the Old Testament). In the New Testament, for example, the writer of the book of John felt that the near-sacrifice of Isaac in Genesis was a foreshadowing of the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross. 3rd edition of the WORKS CITEDNIV Study Bible
  • The Bible is the most important book in the history of civilization because it contains the words of God. With regard to Jewish history, the Bible’s influence on politics, history, and religion is unmatched in terms of its significance. Additionally, the Bible’s political influence is demonstrated via prophetic politics, the power of monarchs, and the impacts of political authority. The Bible’s political impact is established through proving the covenant-based legitimacy of the Jewish people and their history. In the field of biblical archeology, researchers have unearthed biblical buildings that lend credence to the Bible’s historical reality. The impact of the Bible on history, politics, and religion has had a significant impact on the world we live in today. Persecution of Jews has been a feature of Christian history for thousands of years. Prejudice has been directed towards Jews, and there have been several conversion efforts. Christianity, on the other hand, has the same origins and fundamental principles as Judaism. The parallels between Christianity and Judaism are many and significant. For example, both Jews and Christians adhere to monotheistic, which is the belief in a single deity.
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People of the Book

Tommi Waters and Steven Shirley are two of the most talented actors in the world.

  • Tommi Waters is a singer-songwriter from Los Angeles, California. For the past six years, TK Waters has worked as an adjunct professor of religion at Western Kentucky University. A master’s degree in religious studies from Western Kentucky University and a bachelor’s degree in English literature and religious studies from the same institution are among their qualifications. See my bio
  • Steven Shirley is the instructor.

Discover what the term “People of the Book” means and how it connects to the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Find out how these three religions are similar and different from one another. Date last updated: 09/02/2021

Table of Contents

  • People of the Book
  • Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are three major religions. Summary of the lesson on Judaism vs. Christianity vs. Islam

People of the Book

Despite the difficulties that have existed between adherents of the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam throughout the course of the previous two millennia, the three religions have a shared heritage. It was the ancient Israelites who established a permanent settlement in Canaan and began to worship the deity Yahweh, which is where all three faiths derived their roots. Historically, the Israelites were a group of people who founded the religious tradition of Judaism, which originated about the 10th century BCE and spread throughout the world.

Six centuries later, in the early 7th century CE, an Arab man by the name of Muhammad established the religious tradition known as Islam for the first time.

All three religious traditions, in addition to sharing a common history, regard the Torah — the first five volumes of the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible — as sacred text.

Despite the fact that Christians and Muslims have sacred books that they regard to be more authoritative than the Torah, the Torah and its narrative serve as the foundation for all three religions, including Islam.

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Abraham, the “father of the Jews,” whose tale is described in the first book of the Torah, is the common ancestor of all three of these religions, according to their respective histories. Because of this, as well as the parallels between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, the three religions are collectively referred to as Abrahamic religions. Many of the tales that Jews believe in are equally significant to Christians and Muslims since they have a shared ancestry with the Jews and Christians.

  • The story of creation in the Garden of Eden, the Flood and Noah’s Ark, and the Ten Commandments are all included.


Another fundamental doctrine shared by Judaism, Christianity, and Islam is monotheistic, or the belief in a single deity. This belief, along with ancestry, is one of the most important aspects of the three religions. This god is known as Yahweh in Judaism, which literally translates as “I am.” In Christianity, this divinity is simply referred to as God. This divinity is referred to as Allah in Islam, which is the Arabic word for “god.” The term “God” is commonly used to refer to all three religious traditions.

God is seen as a solitary being in both Judaism and Islam. Many Christians believe that God is a trinity, or three-in-one, consisting of three persons: God the Father, Jesus Christ the Son, and the Holy Spirit (also known as the Trinity).


All three major religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, believe that there were prophets who were God’s messengers. Prophets had a crucial role in transmitting the messages of these religions to a wider audience, as well as in receiving communications directly from God himself. There are several prophets in Judaism, including:

  • The prophets Moses, who led the Israelites out of Egypt and received the Ten Commandments from God
  • Elijah, who aided the Israelite kings, performed miracles, and was taken up to the heavens in a fiery chariot
  • Isaiah, who wrote about Israel’s conflicts and shortcomings during the eighth century BCE
  • And Ezekiel, who wrote about Israel’s return from exile in the sixth century BCE

These prophets are revered by Christians, who believe that Jesus of Nazareth outranks and exceeds them all in stature and importance In Christianity, Jesus is regarded as the messiah, who was sent by God to help the people of the world. Jesus was a prophet, a miracle worker, a human being, a messiah, and the son of God, all rolled into one person. According to popular belief, Jesus was crucified in order to free the world from sin, then rose from the grave in order to vanquish death. The foundations of Christianity were mainly founded on Judaism, as Jesus himself was Jewish, although many of the subsequent Christian doctrines diverged significantly from Jewish ideas.

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Islam is based on many of the Jewish teachings, while also absorbing certain Christian concepts into its own system of thought.

Islam holds that the Prophet Muhammad was the final prophet, referred to as the “seal of the prophets” by others.


Jews may trace their ancestors back thousands of years to Abraham’s second son, Isaac, and his descendants. In accordance with legend, Abraham was old and did not believe that his wife would be able to bear children. As a result, Abraham opted to father a kid with his wife’s handmaid. Ishmael was the name given to this infant. Although Yahweh encouraged Abraham to have faith and rewarded him with another son, Isaac, the Torah states that Abraham expelled Ishmael and his mother from the household.

Jacob became the father of twelve sons, each of whom became the leaders of the twelve tribes of Israel, and Isaac was the father of these twelve sons.

What are the differences between Christianity and Judaism?

Christianity originated as a branch of Judaism, and Jesus was a Jewish teacher in the early days of the religion.

Christianity and Judaism do, however, diverge on a number of points, including Christian beliefs in heaven and hell, Jesus’ status as divine messiah and son of God, and the concept of original sin.

Who are called the People of the Book?

A reference to “People of the Book” refers to adherents of the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, among others. The term “Individuals of the Book” arose in early Islam to refer to people who had similar religious and philosophical beliefs since they were all monotheistic and held the Torah to be sacred text, and it has been used to refer to them ever since.

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A person who practices the religions of Judaism, Christianity, or Islam is referred to as a “People of the Book.” It was in early Islam that the phrase “Individuals of the Book” was used to refer to people who shared similar religious and philosophical beliefs since they were all monotheistic and thought the Torah to be sacred text.

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Reading: Christianity

Christendom began 2,000 years ago in Palestine with Jesus of Nazareth, a charismatic leader who taught his followers about caritas (charity), or treating others as you would like to be treated yourself. Today, Christianity is the world’s largest religion. The Bible is considered to be the most precious scripture by Christians. Despite the fact that Jews, Christians, and Muslims share many of the same historical religious stories, their theological views are diametrically opposed. They both believe that the son of God, a messiah, will return to save God’s people, which is supported by their shared holy legends.

Even though they acknowledge Christ as a significant historical figure, their religious traditions do not think that he is the son of God, and their religions believe that the prophesy of the messiah’s advent has not yet been fulfilled.

In the case of the Mormons, a well-established Christian group, they also rely on the Book of Mormon, which they claim contains additional facts about Christian teaching and Jesus’ life that aren’t found in the Scriptures.

While Christians believe in a single god, they frequently characterize their god in terms of three manifestations, which they refer to as the Holy Trinity: the father (God), the son (Jesus), and the Holy Spirit.

One of the cornerstones of Christian teaching is the Ten Commandments, which condemn activities that are deemed wicked, such as theft, murder, and adultery, among other things.

Further Research

In this in-depth documentary, Frontline investigates “the life of Jesus and the birth of Christianity” on public television. You may see the piece in its full by clicking here.


1. What are the similarities and differences between Christianity and Islam?

  1. Both religions believe in a single ultimate god
  2. Both religions include many of the same stories in their primary holy books
  3. And both religions are monotheistic. Both believe in a hereafter
  4. Both believe in all of the above
  5. Both believe in the afterlife

Self-Check: World Religions

If you have finished the eight Readings in this area, you will have a better chance of succeeding on the Self-Check.

The Qur’an and Its Link to Christianity and Judaism

The three Abrahamic religions share some characteristics in common, yet each has its unique understanding of what constitutes evil. (Photo courtesy of Arent de Gelder/Public domain)

Islam and Other Abrahamic Religions

Early Greek, Jewish, and Christian intellectuals had a significant effect on Islamic philosophy. As a result, understanding Islamic thought exposes something about those earlier traditions that could otherwise be overlooked. Islamic literature and philosophy, particularly Greek philosophy, were transmitted to Western Christendom through Islam, which was itself the source of most of the pre-Christian literature and philosophy. Additionally, these scholars gained valuable insight into a number of crucial problems from the Islamic philosophers and lawyers themselves.

While it provides a valuable counterpoint to the dominant line of thought that Western concepts of evil follow, it also serves as an important account with its own integrity, despite the fact that it is not directly related to that mainstream.

The Uniqueness of the Qur’an

The Qur’an has a tense connection with the sacred scriptures of Judaism and Christianity, and this relationship is multifaceted. The image above was obtained through the generosity of Henry Walters/public domain. As the only text of the Abrahamic faiths to openly narrate the incident of the birth of evil in Creation by narrating the revolt of the rebellious spirit Iblis, the Qur’an stands apart from all other religious scriptures. As ash-Shaitan, Iblis takes on the role of the primal rebel against the will of God.

Yes, it is nearly the same length as the Christian New Testament and is split into portions in a similar manner.

The Qur’an is divided into five parts: the introduction, the body, the conclusion, and the conclusion.

So far, everything appears to be in order; it appears to be another sacred book.

A Complex Relationship

However, the similarities can be misleading in a number of crucial respects. The Qur’an is intricately linked to both the Torah and the Christian Bible, both the New Testament and the Old Testament, in both their positive and negative ways. As a first step, Islam recognizes the sacred writings of both the Jewish and Christian faiths. It even asserts that those books themselves include key facets of God’s revelation through the sending of prophets.

Islam is a religion of peace and tolerance. Islam integrates major portions of the tales of both the Hebrew Bible and the Christian New Testament into its teachings; and, at times, the stories themselves occur in the Qur’an, albeit in a somewhat different form than in the Bible or the New Testament.

The Written Revelation

Second, the Qur’an is not nearly the same thing as a ‘bible,’ as many people believe. The Bible is derived from the Greek word for ‘book,’ but the Qur’an is derived from the Arabic word for’recitation.’ The Qur’an is the revelation given to Muhammad and communicated to him by the angel Gabriel; Muhammad would then go around reciting it to his supporters, as well as to opponents and other people who were interested in what was happening in the towns. It was actually only written down in fragments during Muhammad’s lifetime, and it was only after his death that it was compiled, collected, organized, and fixed textually in the form that we have today.

The Perfect Record of the Divine

Throughout history, the great majority of Muslims have held that the Qur’an is an accurate account of what the archangel Gabriel recited to Muhammad as God instructed him to say. Exceptionally powerful lyric poetry, including some of the most exquisite Arabic poetry ever penned, makes up the entirety of the Qur’an’s text. According to Islamic tradition, the Qur’an, in contrast to the Torah, the Christian New Testament, and the Christian Old Testament, is sacramental; it is a material means of holiness; it is a way of participating in God; and it is in some ways more akin to the Christian Eucharist than it is to the Christian Bible or the Jewish Torah.

Form and Language of the Qur’an

In the Muslim world, the Qur’an is thought to be God’s spoken word, and it is believed that the Qur’an’s shape and language are exactly how God intended them to be. (Photo courtesy of Yusnizam Yusof/Shutterstock) Because God read the Qur’an to Gabriel in Arabic, the Qur’an is considered the word of God by Muslims, however in this case it is similar to how Jesus is considered the word of God by Christians because God recited the Qur’an to Gabriel in Arabic. So, there is no distinction between the content of God’s message and the linguistic form in which God’s message has manifested itself in the Qur’an.

This implies that this language and this recitation — these poetry — are fundamentally extremely theologically deep and dense, as God declares in the Qur’an at one point: “I have given you an Arabic Qur’an, an Arabic recitation.” Find out more about the Hebrew Bible and the fear of God by reading this article.

Not Just Legal but Philosophical

Many people, perhaps most people in the West, as well as many Muslims, believe that the Qur’an is a strictly legal text; however, in reality, it is literally an assemblage of poetic verses that shape the soul and inform the mind as much as they guide the will, or direct the will, of those who believe in it. A total of around 6,000 verses in the Qur’an are in the nature of legislation, with approximately 500 verses requiring or prohibiting believers to perform one thing or another. To be sure, there are only about 200 verses in the entire Qur’an which specifically instruct Muslims on how to pray, but there are 600 verses which instruct Muslims on how to contemplate, ponder and analyze God’s magnificence manifested in nature, in plants, in stars, and throughout our entire solar system.

Common Questions about the Qur’an and Its Link to Christianity and Judaism

Q. What is the connection between Islam, Greek philosophy, and Christian doctrine? Historically, Islam has been credited with the transfer of much pre-Christian literature and ideas, particularly Greek philosophy, to Western Christendom. Additionally, these scholars gained valuable insight into a number of crucial problems from the Islamic philosophers and lawyers themselves. How is the Qur’an distinct from the Bible in terms of the book itself, and how does this differ from the Bible? It differs from the Torah and the Christian New Testament and Old Testament in that the Qur’an itself is a sacramental; it is a material method of holiness; it is a manner of participating in God’s will.



Keep ReadingThe Prophets in the Hebrew ‘Bible’: The Response to God and EvilEvil: Challenges between Theoretical and Practical AspectsAdam and Eve: Evil as Rebellion Against God

Despite the fact that there are many significant variations in the specifics between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, these three very different religions share a number of fundamental characteristics. If you look at world religions objectively, as a scientist or sociologist, you will find that there are more close similarities between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam — although there are significant differences — but there are more similarities between the three, and fewer similarities or slightly more differences with the other eastern world religions, says Father Felix Just, S.J., executive director of the Loyola Institute for Spirituality in Ormond Beach, Fla.

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The two most fundamental similarities between the three religions are that they are all monotheistic and that they all share a common spiritual ancestry.

Abraham was adamant in his opposition to the worship of false gods and polytheism, which were prevalent during his day.

Christians, on the other hand, believe that one God is a community of individuals made up of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.” Father Just is a frequent guest lecturer at the Catholic Bible Institutes of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles, the Diocese of San Bernardino, and the Diocese of Orange, among others.

“All three of us think that God speaks with the rest of the world,” Father Just adds.

“The prophets are God’s representatives on earth.

It is also occasionally said that the Abrahamic religions are also known as “the religions of the book.” As Father Just explains, “Each has certain written texts that are highly foundational.” “Everyone believes in prophecy and written texts, but there is dispute about which writings and which prophets are to be believed.

  • “We all agree that we should approach God with our praise, prayer, and thankfulness.
  • The concepts of fasting and feasting are also prominent in all three religions.
  • Yom Kippur is a day of fasting for the Jews, although they also have significant feast days that involve the sharing of food, such as the Passover dinner.
  • While each religion has its own specifics on why people fast, as well as what is celebrated and for how long, the nuances vary from religion to religion.
  • Additionally, generosity is seen as a significant component of all three religions.
  • “The majority of Jews, the majority of Christians, and the majority of Muslims believe in angels in the sense that there are other intermediate spiritual beings,” Father Just explains.
  • “Mary, in particular, is highly regarded in both Christianity and Islam,” adds Father Just.

“While Mary is not as honored in Judaism as she is in Christianity, other such women of faith in the Old Testament are highly regarded.” Despite the significant variances in religious beliefs, there are several further similarities to be found throughout the Abrahamic religions that may be added to the list of commonalities.

Islam and Judaism

The world may be a dreadful place with no comfort, and it can keep you thinking about it. However, if you go to your faith, you may find all of the consolation you require.” There are so many different faiths practiced around the globe that it is impossible to list them all, and each one has its unique set of beliefs and practices. Every one of these tiny faiths has a foundational religion, which includes Taoism, Islam, Judaism, Christianity, Confusunism, Hinduism, and Buddhism, among other religions.

Despite this, they are all distinct, and it is the differences between them that reveal a great deal about the cultures of the places from where these faiths originated.

The three religions that are the most similar are Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, and if you don’t worry about the small amount of differences that exist between Judaism and Islam, you will notice that they have many things in common, including their sacred texts, their view of death, and their life goals.

  • Similarly to Christianity, Judaism, and Islam each have a single sacred text, whereas each scripture has a large number of volumes.
  • “The Torah contains five booksto it, which are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy,” says the author.
  • (Sacred texts, the Torah and Judaism) In the end, as a Jewish boy approaches the age of 13, he must read from the Jewish Torah in order to become a Bar Mitzvah or the son of a commandment.
  • They, like Christians, believe in an afterlife, in which they will either experience endless happiness in paradise or eternal suffering in hell, according on their beliefs.
  • As one author put it, “They believe that paradise is being in God’s presence, whereas hell is a fiery river.” Then there is the day of judgment, which is the day on which a person is judged according to their deeds and their destiny is determined.
  • Finally, a characteristic shared by these faiths that the Romans, Greeks, and Egyptians do not is monotheistic, or the belief in a single God, as opposed to polytheism.
  • There is one thing that both Islam and Judaism have in common when it comes to their ultimate objective in life, and that is that they are both striving for it.

One of these, of course, is for everyone to live in peace and harmony with one another.

The Muslims refer to this as Da’wa (conversion).

This may be done in a variety of ways: for Muslims, they must submit themselves to Allah, and for Jews, they must adhere to the commandments that have been passed down to them by God.

Despite the fact that these religions have minimal distinctions, they are nearly identical to one another and to Christianity.

After saying salaamu alaykum, the correct answer is alaykum salaamu, which both signify peace and blessings upon you in Islamic terms, respectively.

Religion can provide a person with all of the information they want about the location where the religion originated, despite the fact that they share so many characteristics that they are virtually identical.

Faith matters: 7 things Christians, Jews and Muslims share

When it comes to addressing the world’s main faiths, the emphasis is frequently on the divisions that exist between them. For the sake of Christ, we’re going to take a look at what the three monotheistic religions have in common in our upcoming episodeforchristssake. Jesus Christ is more than merely a significant character in Christian tradition. He is also revered as a prophet in the Muslim faith, despite the fact that he was born into a Jewish family. Seven lesser-known truths regarding what unifies the three main faiths are presented in this article.

  1. Abraham: the first president of the United States The moment when God promises Abraham many descendants is shown in this painting.
  2. As a result, faiths such as Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are collectively referred to as religions.
  3. They are credited with being the founding fathers of the Arabic people, according to biblical accounts.
  4. Islamic religion, according to the Koranlink: (Koran 2:135), was not a new religion, but should be considered instead as a continuation of Abraham’s ancient faith.
  5. Jerusalem: a universally revered sacred city View of Jerusalem’s medieval city center, with the Western Wall (on the left) and the golden cupola of the Dome of the Rock (on the right).
  6. Islamic scholars believe that Muhammad received revelations from God while standing on the Dome of the Rock, and thus they revere it as a sacred site for them.
  7. Christians venerate Jerusalem as the location where Jesus was crucified, buried, and risen from the dead.


The Jewish holy book comprises of the Tanakh and the Talmud.

The Koranlink:quran.com/4/157-158:also tells the storyof Jesus’ crucifixion.

(Quran, 4:157).

Sing-song Gospel choir in London In the past, when churches were teeming with worshippers, a speaking voice alone couldn’t reach those seated in the back pew.

Whether it’s church Gospel music, the chanting tradition in synagogues or the characteristic Muslim call to prayer, all these vocal traditions can be traced back to this primary need to get the message across.

PilgrimageMuslim people praying at the Mount Arafat near Mecca in October 2014.


In all three religions, there are both common and specific names for “God”.

But Muslims also use the term to speaklink:iichyderabad.org/article/who-allah-1:specifically about their god .

A 100th name is also said to exist, but is unspeakable.

Similarly, Christians and Jews also have a specific name for their god – Elohim or Yahweh.


But many public locations, like airports, colleges and hospitals now have specialized interreligious prayer areas.

These areas are neutral in style and prefer to avoid exhibiting symbols of any kind. There is one exception though: the internationally renowned, and rather uncontroversial, emergency escape signs which hang on the wall.

How is Islam Similar to Christianity and Judaism?

The following article is an excerpt from the book What Everyone Needs to Know About ISLAM, written by John L. Esposito and published by Routledge. In this section, you can find answers to frequently asked questions. What are the similarities and differences between Islam and Christianity and Judaism? Judaism Christianity and Islam, in contrast to Hinduism and Buddhism, are all monotheistic religions that worship the God of Adam, Abraham, and Moses, who is the creator, sustainer, and master of the universe, as well as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

  1. All emphasize the importance of moral duty and accountability, as well as the importance of Judgment Day and everlasting reward and punishment.
  2. Religions such as Christianity acknowledge God’s covenant with and revelation to the Jews, but they have historically considered themselves as having superseded Judaism with the arrival of Jesus.
  3. The same is true in terms of Islam and Muslims’ recognition of Judaism and Christianity, including their biblical prophets (such as Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus), as well as their revelations (the Torah and the New Testament, or Message of Jesus).
  4. Aside from that, Islam includes many allusions to Jesus and to the Virgin Mary, who is mentioned more times in the Quran than she is in the New Testament combined.
  5. To the contrary of Christianity, which accepts most of the Hebrew Bible, Muslims believe that the Old and New Testaments contain a distorted version of the original revelation to Moses and Jesus, respectively.
  6. All three religions place a high value on peace.
  7. On many occasions, though, the greeting of peace has been reserved for members of one’s own religious group.
  8. Even in current times, the fusion of faith and politics continues to exist, but it manifests in a variety of forms, as can be observed in Northern Ireland, South Africa, the United States, Israel, and other parts of the Middle East.
  9. Religious law has traditionally been the fundamental religious discipline in Judaism and Islam, whereas theology has traditionally been the primary religious discipline in Christianity.
  10. What is the Muslim community’s opinion on Judaism?
  11. Because Muslims believe that God revealed His will via His prophets, such as Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, both Jews and Christians are accorded a particular role inside Islam.

(Surah 3:84) (Arabic) Due to the fact that all three monotheistic faiths come from the same patrilineage of Abraham, the Quran, Islam, and Jews view Jews and Christians as offspring of Abraham and refer to them collectively as “People of the Book.” Jews and Christians trace their ancestors back to Abraham and his wife Sarah, whereas Muslims trace their ancestors back to Abraham and his slave Hagar.

The prophet Moses, according to Muslims, was the first to receive God’s revelation (Torah), which was later passed on to Christians through the prophet Jesus.

Mary is another popular Muslim given name.

They do, however, feel that throughout time, the original revelations to Moses and Jesus got perverted and distorted.

The same may be said about the New Testament and what Muslims consider to be the creation of “new” and erroneous teachings within Christianity, such as the belief that Jesus is the Son of God and that Jesus’ death redeemed and atoned for humankind’s original sin, among other things.

Esposito is a University Professor, Professor of Religion and International Affairs, and the founding director of the Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding.

from the University of Pennsylvania.

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