Muslims are not expected to visualize God but to worship and adore him as a protector. Any kind of idolatry is condemned in Islam. (Quran 112:2) As a result, Muslims hold that for someone to worship any other gods or deities other than Allah (Shirk (polytheism)) is a sin that will lead to separation from Allah.
- 1 Does Islam respect other religion?
- 2 How does Islam interact with other religions?
- 3 What did Prophet say about other religions?
- 4 Why did Allah create other religions?
- 5 What does the Quran say about learning other religions?
- 6 What does the Quran say about not believing in Allah?
- 7 What does Hinduism say about other religions?
- 8 What does Christianity say about other religions?
- 9 Who was the founder of Islam?
- 10 Islam and tolerance towards other religions
- 11 Islamic Beliefs About Other Religions
- 12 The insufficiency of Judaism and Christianity
- 13 References
- 14 Table of Contents
- 15 The Saheefah
- 16 One Nation
- 17 To Each Their Own Religion
- 18 Attitude of Islam towards other religions – Islam Question & Answer
- 19 How Muslims Lie About Islam Respecting Other Religions
- 20 Executive Summary
- 21 Introduction
- 22 The Historical Respect for Non-Muslims
- 23 Example1:What Does Boko Haram Say About Non-Islamic Beliefs?
- 24 Example2:What Does ISIS Say About Other Religions?
- 25 Example3:How Did Janjalani Show Respect for Non-Islamic Constructs?
- 26 Conclusion
- 27 Is Islam “A Religion of Peace” or Does it Promote Violence?
- 28 Islam, The Religion of Violence, Not a Religion of Peace
- 29 The True Source of Peace
- 30 Islamic perspective of co-existence and tolerance towards other religions
- 31 Religious freedom in Islam
- 32 Human freedom and dignity
- 33 Coercion
- 34 Apostasy
- 35 Restrictions on religious liberty
- 36 Returning to the Islamic sources of authority
Does Islam respect other religion?
Executive Summary. Muslims like to say that Islam respects all religions. We cover whether Islam does, in fact, respect all other religions.
How does Islam interact with other religions?
Islam sees Judaism and Christianity as earlier versions of Islam, revelations given within the same tradition by Allah but misunderstood over time by their followers. Muslims see Islam as the final, complete, and correct revelation in the monotheistic tradition of the three faiths.
What did Prophet say about other religions?
The dealings of the Prophet, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, with other religions can best be described in the verse of the Qur’an: “ To you be your religion, to me be mine.”
Why did Allah create other religions?
To test human beings. Allah (SWT) made different religions to see who abandons the religions of his forefathers and accepts the new one brought down by Him. Historically it is well established that people tend to stick to their forefather’s customs, traditions and religions.
What does the Quran say about learning other religions?
Quran is open to knowledge of other religions, in order that one reflects and recognizes the miraculous words of the Allah swt in the Quran. Allah swt mentions numerous times to remember those who came before with the book. The Quran in fact challenges mankind to produce another chapter or an ayah like it.
What does the Quran say about not believing in Allah?
Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.
What does Hinduism say about other religions?
Hindus believe that each person is intrinsically divine and the purpose of life is to seek and realise the divinity within all of us. The Hindu belief is totally non-exclusive and accepts all other faiths and religious paths.
What does Christianity say about other religions?
Western Christian views Maximal forms of religious pluralism claim that all religions are equally true, or that one religion can be true for some and another religion can be true for others. Some Christians hold the view that such pluralism is logically impossible.
Who was the founder of Islam?
The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.
Islam and tolerance towards other religions
We have witnessed countless attacks on Christian, Yazidi, and Shia minorities in the Middle East, particularly since the rise of Daesh (formerly known as ISIS), which has been killing anyone who does not believe in what they believe in, despite the fact that many of the victims of Daesh are Muslims, albeit of a different sect from the fundamentalists who have been killing them. Consequently, it is necessary to ask whether Muslims believe in religious tolerance within their religion. What is the position of Islam on religious tolerance?
In order to respond to this question, I would like to provide examples from Islamic history, Quranic verses, and Prophetic sayings that demonstrate tolerance for different religious beliefs.
According to Imam Ali, the cousin of the Prophet Mohamed and the first Muslim leader after the Prophet, “Know that people are of two types: they are either your brothers in religion or your equals in creation,” he says.
To put it another way: all people, regardless of their religious affiliation, race or social class, are supposed to be treated equally, because either people are your Muslim brothers and sisters, or they are your equals in humanity who have the same rights as you and cannot be discriminated against or disrespected because of their beliefs.
The claim of Muslim status does not give the individual the right to insult or disrespect another religion.
In fact, engaging in disrespectful arguments with non-Muslims is prohibited by the Quran: “And argue not with the people of Scripture (Jews and Christians), unless it be in (a way) that is better (with good words and in a good manner), except with those who do wrong, and say (to them): “We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you, and to Him we have submitted” (29:46).
In addition, it has been reported that Imam Ali was once walking down the street when he came across a Christian beggar.
In response to their explanation that he is an elderly Christian man incapable of working and who is seeking assistance, the Imam responded by saying, “you used him and when he became old, you left him.” The Imam then assigned him a salary from the government treasury, in the same manner as he did with Muslims.
- In many Middle Eastern countries, however, this has not been the case due to religious fundamentalists who distort the image of Islam to further their own selfish agendas and create their own laws that do not reflect the Islamic faith, as has occurred in the United States.
- I am originally from a town in Tanzania where the majority of the residents are Christians, and we have always lived in harmony with one another.
- I miss those days.
- There were times when Hindus would come to our mosque and we would participate in religious ceremonies together, which I found to be very meaningful.
This kind of Un-Islamic behavior is demonstrated by crazy extremists who claim to be “Muslim” while their actions completely contradict this claim, and it is for this reason that I have chosen to speak out about it: to defend the faith I believe in and the lessons it has taught me, which is to love and respect everyone regardless of their religious affiliation or background.
I’d like to conclude with a quote from the Prophet Muhammad: “Beware!
I (Prophet Muhammad) will file a complaint against anyone who is cruel and hard on a non-Muslim minority, or who restricts their rights, or burdens them with more than they can bear, or takes anything from them against their will, on the Day of Judgement.” (Source: Abu Dawud) Let us all strive to live by these words and combat extremism and religious intolerance in this manner, whereby everyone is treated equally, with full respect, and as brethren, because, at the end of the day, we are all human beings no matter what.
Islamic Beliefs About Other Religions
According to the Qur’an, there should be “no coercion in religious practice.” Although Muslim worldview is pluralistic, Muslims believe that their faith is the only genuine religion and so welcome individuals of all colors, ethnicities, nations, and religions to become a part of their community. Islam has strong ties to the other two Abrahamic religions, Judaism and Christianity, which are intimately related to one another. In truth, the Qur’an states that the religions of Jews and Christians are the same as the religions revealed to Muhammad, and that Allah is the God of all of humanity.
Islam teaches us that Allah chooses for Himself those who please Him, and that Allah leads those who turn to Him.
The Book of Allah has been given to you as a benefit; therefore, follow it and do what is virtuous, so that you may obtain mercy: To avoid saying: “The Book was sent down to two Peoples before us, and for our part, we remained ignorant of everything that they learnt by assiduous study:”
The insufficiency of Judaism and Christianity
Jews and Christians, on the other hand, have not been totally responsible with their revelation and should yet be summoned to the Muslim religion as follows: And it was only after Knowledge had reached them that they were split, as a result of petty envy between themselves. If it had not been for a Word that had gone forth previously from thy Lord, leaning to a Term established, the problem would have been settled between them; but, those who have inherited the Book after them are filled with suspicious, disturbing uncertainty about it.
- Allah is both our Lord and your Lord; we bear accountability for our actions, and you bear responsibility for your actions.
- Allah will bring us together, and it is to Him that we must ultimately return.
- In the Qur’an, Muhammad refers to Jews and Christians as fellow “People of the Book,” and the Qur’an even permits a Muslim man to accept a Jewish or Christian woman as his wife.
- Muslim scholars believe that the prophets of Judaism and Christianity were legitimate messengers of God, but Muhammad is considered to be the final and greatest of these messengers, as seen in the quotation above.
- “Believe thus in God and His Apostles and do not pronounce “Three,” as the belief of the Trinity, which it understands as consisting of three persons: God, Jesus, and Mary When people declare, “Verily God is the third of three,” they are mistaken.
- His father was a confessor, and his mother was a cook; they shared a meal.
- In accordance with the Qur’an, Jesus escaped from the cross and climbed directly to the highest level of heaven.
- Qur’an 2:256
- Qur’an 42:13
- Qur’an 6:20
- “She said, “My God!” How can I have a kid when no mortal has ever come into contact with me? So, he explained. Allah creates according to His will. If He decrees something, He merely needs to say: Be! and it becomes a reality.” (3:47)
- Qur’an 4:169
- And 5:116
- Qur’an 4:155,156
- Qur’an 45:27-29
- Qur’an 2:62
Table of Contents
It is best represented in the Quran by the verse: “To you be your religion, to me be mine.” The Prophet’s relations with other religions, may the kindness and blessings of God be upon him, can best be described by the verse: “To you be your religion, to me be mine.” During the Prophet’s lifetime, the Arabian Peninsula was a religiously diverse territory with people of many different religions coexisting.
There were Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians, polytheists, and those who were not identified with a particular faith among those there.
The period during which Islam was a formal state, with explicit rules put down by the Prophet in line with the precepts of religion, must be examined in order to comprehend and evaluate this tolerance, as well as its consequences.
As a result, the debate will be confined to the time period that began with the Prophet’s relocation to Medina, and more particularly, the time period after the establishment of the constitution.
One of the most striking examples of the Prophet’s tolerance for different religions may be the constitution itself, which was referred to as the “Saheefah” by early historians. When the Prophet migrated to Medina, his role as a religious leader came to an end; he was now the political leader of a state, governed by the precepts of Islam, which demanded that clear laws of governance be laid out in order to ensure harmony and stability in a society that had once been torn apart by decades of war, one that must ensure the peaceful coexistence of Muslims, Jews, Christians, and polytheists.
When the Prophet migrated to Medina, his role as The Prophet as a result of this decreed the establishment of a “constitution” that specified the duties of all parties that resided in Medina, as well as their obligations towards one another and some constraints that were imposed on each party.
As stated in the first article of the constitution, all the people of Medina, including Muslims as well as those who had entered the covenant from the Jews, Christians, and idolaters, were “one nation to the exclusion of all others,” according to the constitution. Everyone in Medina society was considered a member and a citizen, regardless of their religious beliefs, color, or background. In another piece, it is mentioned that people of different religions were protected from harm in the same way as Muslims were: “To the Jews who follow us owe help and equity.” He will neither be hurt, nor will his adversaries be assisted.” Previously, each tribe had its own allies and foes both within and outside of Medina, according on their position.
All tribes were required to behave as a unit, regardless of their unique relationships.
The lives of adherents of different religions in Muslim society have also been accorded special protection under Islamic law.
(According to the Muslim Saheeh) Due to the fact that the Muslims had gained the upper hand, the Prophet issued a strong warning against any mistreatment of people of other religions.
I (Prophet Muhammad) shall file a complaint against anybody who is harsh and hard on a non-Muslim minority, or who restricts their rights, or who loads them with more than they can bear, or who takes anything from them without their will on the Day of Judgment.” (Source: Abu Dawud)
To Each Their Own Religion
It is stated in another piece that “Jewish people have their religion, and Muslim people have their religion.” That anything other than tolerance would not be permitted is evident, and that although while all members of the society were members of a religion, everyone had their own religious beliefs that could not be broken is also clear. Each was given the freedom to exercise their religious views without interference, and no acts of provocation would be accepted under any circumstances. The discussion of this constitution will include many other articles, but the emphasis will be on one that declares, “If any argument or debate likely to produce difficulty should occur, it must be addressed to God and His Messenger.” All inhabitants of the state were required to recognize a higher level of authority, and in matters involving a variety of tribal and religious groups, justice could not be administered by individual leaders, but rather had to be decided by the state’s leader or his designated representatives, as stipulated in the clause mentioned above.
Individual tribes that were not Muslim, on the other hand, were permitted to consult their own religious scriptures and learned men in matters pertaining to their own personal concerns.
The Quran states: “.If they do come to you, either judge between them or reject to intervene,” according to God.
This treaty, which took into consideration the larger advantage of the peaceful coexistence of the community, allows each faith to judge in their own problems according to their own scriptures, so long as this does not conflict with provisions of the constitution.
Attitude of Islam towards other religions – Islam Question & Answer
I have some questions concerning Islam, and I was wondering if you could answer them to me. Was there anything negative spoken about individuals of other religions in Islam? Is it true that all non-Muslims are considered sinners just because they do not obey Allah and Islam? Is it possible for a non-Muslim to reach Paradise without adhering to Islamic principles? . Allah be praised for his mercies. Islam’s position on other faiths is that they are all either manufactured and fraudulent, or that they have been abrogated completely.
- It is religious traditions passed down from prophets who came before our Prophet Muhammad that are considered abrogated (peace and blessings of Allaah be uponhim).
- Islam arose to point out these aberrations in religion and shirk among the later followers of the Prophets, and to lead them back to the proper belief given by the earlier Prophets and their forefathers.
- Al-Fath Baari’s al-Baari (13/525).
- Tafseeral-Tabari (Tafseeral-Tabari, 3/339) As mentioned in the passage above, Islam does not see them (members of other religions) merely as sinners, but also as askaafirs (disbelievers) who will spend eternity in the Fire of Hell.
- An infidel who does not convert to Islam will not be permitted to enter Paradise.
The Mujrimoon (criminals, polytheists, sinners) are recompensed in this manner.” “By the One in Whose hand my soul is in, no one of this country, Jew or Christian, will hear of me and not believe in that with which I have been sent, but he shall be among the inhabitants of Hell,” the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) declared, according to evidence.
(This is according to Muslim.) To Allah be the glory, we pray that those seeking the truth from other religions would be guided to investigate Islam and its holy book, the Qur’aan. They should seek guidance from Allah and allow their hearts to be opened to Islam.
How Muslims Lie About Islam Respecting Other Religions
The most recent update was made on August 23, 2021 by
- Muslims are fond of claiming that Islam is respectful to all religions. On this episode, we talk about whether Islam does, in fact, respect all other religions.
Muslims assert that they respect other religions, and they do so wherever they go; but, they lament that Islam is not honored in their own countries. To what extent is it accurate to say that Muslims have a long history of respect for other religions? This article’s references, as well as linked articles, may be found at this link.
The Historical Respect for Non-Muslims
An good explanation of how Islam degrades other beliefs and has historically conquered other religions can be seen in this video. The passage from the Sahih Bukhari Hadith is shown around the 11:00 minute point in the video. “I have been told to fight the people until they say: ‘No one has the right to be worshipped by Allah,'” said Allah’s Apostle. “I have been ordered to fight the people until they say: ‘No one has the right to be worshipped by Allah,” stated Allah’s Apostle. Muslims seized territory and oppressed people of different faiths.
- How can you simultaneously conquer and convert adherents of other faiths while still claiming to respect those of other faiths?
- If Islam was not spread by forcible conversion, then why were the territories depicted on this map converted as a direct result of the invasion of those places?
- Does this seem pleasant and conciliatory to you?
- Using this film, David Wood presents another another example of Muslims promoting the concept that Muslims have historically accepted people of various religious beliefs.
- If other faiths behaved in a manner congruent with how Muslims behave when they are in the majority, non-Muslims would not only insult Muslims, but they would also aggressively pressure Muslims until they agreed to convert.
Example1:What Does Boko Haram Say About Non-Islamic Beliefs?
Boko Haram, which receives funding from Saudi Arabia, has the following to say about any administration that is not Islamic in its outlook. We would want to underline that we are soldiers engaged in Jihad (religious warfare) in Nigeria, and that our battle is founded on the traditions of the holy prophet. We will never accept any form of administration other than the one prescribed by Islam because we believe that this is the only way for Muslims to be freed from their oppression. We do not believe in any system of government, conventional or orthodox, with the exception of the Islamic system, and for this reason, we will continue to battle against democracy, capitalism, socialism, and other forms of government.
Neither will we allow corrupted conventional education (Boko Haram) to take the place of Islamic teachings.
As long as its military and police are not safeguarding Islam, we will continue to fight against them and win.
As a result, we have little faith in the Nigerian justice system, and we will take action against anyone who supports the government in doing criminal acts. In order to be Islamic, Nigeria, which is only half Islamic, must be Islamic, according to Boko Haram.
Example2:What Does ISIS Say About Other Religions?
This is what ISIS has in mind for the future, and that is how they want to demonstrate their “respect” for other religions. According to Adnani, the spokesman for the group, “we will capture your Rome, shatter your crosses, and enslave your women” in one of his monthly valentines to the Western world. We won’t get there until our children and grandkids get there, at which point they will sell your boys to slave traders in the slave market.” — According to The Atlantic
Example3:How Did Janjalani Show Respect for Non-Islamic Constructs?
The charismatic and serious Muslim scholar Janjalani, on the other hand, was not just another Muslim soldier or mujahideen; he was also a serious Muslim scholar. In the Philippines, Janjalani was born on the island of Basilan (see map), which is now a stronghold of the ASG. He went to high school at the Catholic-run Claret College in the island’s capital, Isabela, where he (ironically) met his wife. Despite the fact that he did not complete high school, he was awarded a scholarship by the government of Saudi Arabia to study Islamic law at the Ummu I-Qura in Mecca, where he remained for three years.
- Upon his return to Basilan in 1984, Janjalani established himself as a passionate speaker in the Santa Barbara Madrassa in Zamboanga City, although to a small audience.
- The extreme framework of jihad fi-sabil-lillah, as taught in the Quran, was the basis for at least eight speeches, or khutbah, delivered by Janjalani in a radical setting (fighting and dying for the cause of Islam).
- The Philippine constitution was roundly criticized in one of his talks, and the Quran was proclaimed “as the sole worthy guide for human existence,” since it was “the flawless creation of Allah, who cannot err and who knows everything,” according to the speaker.
- Is there a sense of reverence for the beliefs of others emerging once more in our minds?
- The fact that this deception is effective demonstrates how little non-Muslims understand about Islamic history.
This suggestion is so absurd that it falls into the category of farce, except that it is accepted by a large number of individuals, who then limit their criticism of Islam to only certain aspects of it. The myth of Islam’s respect for other religions is used to deceive non-Muslims into believing that Muslims are not a danger to their way of life. This raises the question as to why any other religion or non-religious group should respect Islam, given the hostile past of the Islamic religion.
Islam is committed primarily to destroying other religions and coercing those that wish to have their own beliefs in order to wipe out such beliefs and replace them with Islamic principles and practices.
Is Islam “A Religion of Peace” or Does it Promote Violence?
“Islam is a religion of peace,” says the Prophet Muhammad. In a recent interview with Meet the Press, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar stated that Islam “does not accept murderous intent.” Without denying his talent as a basketball player, Mr. Abdul-Jabbar is a far superior advocate than he is as a basketball player. To be honest, Abdul-Jabbar is far from alone in his support for Islam and its teachings. Following every terrorist incident in the name of Allah, a large number of individuals rush to repudiate any link between the attackers’ Islamic faith and their heinous acts of violence.
- The attacks carried out by extreme Muslims have absolutely nothing to do with Islam or its faith.
- Even French President François Hollande, in the wake of the tragic murder of more than a dozen journalists and numerous Jews by Muslim extremists in Paris, reaffirmed this credo.
- Is this, however, correct?
- Christians, of course, do not think that every mad person who does an act “in the name of Jesus” has the authority to speak for all Christians in that situation.
- is similar, there is a significant distinction between the relationship between Islam and Muslim terrorists.
- According to Matthew 22:39, Jesus encourages us to love our neighbors, and he also informs us that people of every hue and culture are equal in his eyes (Col.
- Furthermore, Jesus provided us with an example of suffering for the sake of doing good rather than causing others to suffer, and he called on us to follow in his footsteps in this regard (1 Pet.
- In other words, when individuals conduct heinous crimes “in the name of Jesus,” it is because they are diametrically opposed to Jesus in every way.
Islam, The Religion of Violence, Not a Religion of Peace
When it comes to Islam, however, this is not the case. According to the most conservative estimates, the Quran contains approximately 100 verses in which Muslims are commanded to wage war against infidels in the name of Allah. “Kill them wherever you happen to come upon them. And combat them until there is no longer any disbelief and all worship is directed solely to Allah” (Quran 2:191-193). “Strike off their heads, and strike off every fingertip from their bodies” (Quran 8:12). “Allah has purchased from the believers their lives and their possessions, and in exchange for this, they will get Paradise,” says the prophet.
“Indeed, Allah adores those who fight in His cause on the field of war.” According to the Quran, verse 61:4.
Numerous lines in the preceding section contain references to the notorious wordjihad, which may be loosely translated as “battle.” It is true that “jihad” might occasionally refer to the “inner fight” of a devout Muslim against sin, but it is clear that the “inner struggle” of a faithful Muslim against sin is not what is meant by texts that call for the removal of heads and fingers from every infidel.
Indeed, practically every prominent Muslim jurist (expert in Islamic law) has long recognized that the term “jihad” is fundamentally martial in nature, as has been the case for centuries.
Therefore, when Muslim terrorists take up the call to war in the name of Allah, they arefulfillingthe Quran, not rejecting it.
The True Source of Peace
Some may complain (as they often do) that the great majority of Muslims are peaceful people, and this is understandable. This is absolutely correct, and we should be grateful that it is. Nonetheless, it is important to realize that a Muslim’s tranquility is really in conflict with the whole teachings of the Quran. To put it another way, most Muslims are not peaceful because of Islam, but rather because of their opposition to Islam. Kenji Goto, a Japanese journalist who was recently executed by ISIS terrorists, warned in 2010 on the dangers of traveling to Syria “Hate is not appropriate for human beings.
- I learnt this from my Arabic brothers and sisters, who are also my friends.” In a sad and ironic twist of fate, Goto’s “Arab brothers and sisters” could not have learnt such a benign philosophy from the Muslim holy book, despite their best efforts.
- In the end, there is no meaningful comparison to be made between Mohammed and Jesus.
- In the words of the other, ‘You have a blessed life when others persecute you’ (Matt.
- ‘Go ahead and kill,’ says one (Quran 47:3-4).
- ‘Fight till you are triumphant,’ one of them adds (Quran 61:9).
- In Richmond, Virginia, Doug Ponder is a founding pastor ofRemnant Church where he is involved in many of the church’s teaching initiatives.
- His research focuses on the interaction of theology, ethics, and the Christian life, among other things.
Islamic perspective of co-existence and tolerance towards other religions
Dr. Syed Arshad Hussain contributed to this article. When it comes to religion, it may be defined as the individual act and transactions that are founded on religious beliefs, rites, and certain moral ideals. It is seen as a spiritual subject that is concerned with the personal or private matters of human existence, as opposed to public affairs. As described by Islam, religion may be defined as a rule or guidance given by Allah to mankind through His chosen Messengers or Prophets, who are sent to the earth on a regular basis to help mankind achieve righteousness both in this world and in the world to come (after death).
- Allah began providing guidance via Adam, the first Messenger, and the process has continued until Muhammad (pbuh), the final Messenger, was sent.
- Islam achieves fullness via the person of Muhammad (pbuh).
- There will be no Messenger after Muhammad (pbuh), therefore Muslims (followers of Islam) are required to adhere to these guidelines throughout their lives.
- These are the rules that every devout Muslim must observe.
- We are currently living in the era of globalization in communities that are made up of individuals from a wide range of ethnic, religious, and cultural backgrounds, and this is a good thing.
- We so encounter many features of several religions on a regular basis as a result of our everyday activities.
- Individual religious freedom and interreligious connections are extremely significant issues, and there is a natural connection between fundamental human rights and individual freedom of choice in this regard.
When it comes to this subject, there are a lot of misconceptions and false information being sent about.
Islam is a full way of life that forbids interfering with the beliefs and practices of other religions and strives to maintain the customs, honor, and property of every individual, regardless of his or her religion.
Islam, being a worldwide religion, instills feelings of compassion and sympathy for all members of mankind.
Islam has a unique role in ensuring that every individual has the total right to hold and practice any religion, culture, or belief of their choosing, regardless of where they live.
Conclusion: Islam as a comprehensive way of life protects the beliefs and practices of each person while also maintaining a harmonious connection amongst adherents of different religions, according to the study’s findings.
In accordance with Islam and as decreed by God, Muhammad (pbuh) was the most excellent human being and the most inspiring role model for Muslims.
Even before he attained Prophethood, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) served as a role model for constructive engagement with people of diverse religious and cultural backgrounds.
Muhammad (pbuh) was troubled when he observed this callous action, and with the assistance of the tribes, he founded a peace society known as ‘Hilful Fudul’ to promote peace.
People in Makka used to refer to him as al-Amin, which means ‘the trustworthy,’ and as-Sadiq, which means ‘the truthful.’ Muslims’ tolerance and liberal attitudes toward adherents of other religions may be shown throughout history, as can be seen in several examples from Islamic history.
“The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History” is a book written by astronomer Michael H.
The Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, is the first person in Hart’s list of notables (pbuh).
The Prophet (peace be upon him) was a man of unity.
“Surely, those who believe, and those who are Jews, and those who are Christians, and those who are Sabians — whomever believes in God and the Last Day and does well, they will get their recompense from their Lord.” In addition, they will not be afraid, nor will they be sad.” (Sura 2:62 of the Holy Quran) “.and those who declare, ‘We are Christians,’ will be the ones who are closest to the believers in terms of love, since among them are men committed to learning and men who have left the world, and they are not arrogant.” (Sura 5:82 of the Holy Quran) Indeed, Allah is with the virtuous and the good deeds are done by them.
(Surah 16:129) (Al Quran) “The only thing that can be rewarded for goodness is more goodness.” (Surah 55:61) (Al Quran) “Be on your guard!
I (Prophet Muhammad) shall file a complaint against anybody who is harsh and hard on a non-Muslim minority, or who restricts their rights, or burdens them with more than they can bear, or takes something from them without their will, on the Day of Judgement.” (Sahih Bukhari, Abu Dawud) At the moment, we live in a world that is extremely varied.
- Rather, the Holy Qur’an declares that God created diversity for our benefit and that we must embrace it as a natural rule.
- And if Allah had liked, He would have made you a single people, but He chose to make you a mixed people so that He would test you in what He gave you.” As a result, compete with one another in virtuous actions” (Al Quran 5:48).
- “Each of you has been assigned a law and a path to follow.
- Therefore, race to do good: you will all return to God and He will clarify the issues over which you disagreed (Al Quran 5:48).
- As a result, variety is Allah’s Will, and it serves as a test for us to learn how to live in peace and harmony with one another despite our disparate backgrounds.
- Allah guarantees us that we will be able to coexist peacefully and harmoniously with individuals of various religious beliefs.
- The fact that Islam is a very wide religion that might be considered to be an all-encompassing code or way of life for all of mankind does not rule out the possibility of asserting that it is a religion with global application.
Islam includes many aspects of life, including social, political, economic, educational, cultural, and societal aspects, among others.
Muslim interactions with people of other faiths should, for example, focus on being humane and cooperative.
The sayings of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) provide guidance on how to interact with non-Muslims.
This Hadith of the Prophet clearly states that if a person murders a promisor, he would be unable to smell the scent of heaven.
Islam instructs Muslims to be respectful of and compassionate toward people of all cultures, regardless of their own.
All Muslims must adhere to the Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh) with complete logic and not mindlessly; only in this way will Muslims be able to live in harmony with people of other religions.
They must also make a conscious effort to allow room to other faiths wherever possible.
Individuals should refrain from criticizing other people’s religion or beliefs, but should instead follow their own faith and adhere to its guidelines that are relevant to the overall well-being of society.
Tolerance and extremism are recognized as threats by the international society in general and by world religions in particular.
Examples of strategies for preserving unity in diversity include peace education and sensitization, civilizational discussion and tolerance, conferences, collaborative sporting activities, and the sharing of ideas, among other things.
*** References: Sharika Maktaba published Abd al-Malik Ibn Hisham’s Sirah al-Nababiyah, Vol.
Esposito and published by Oxford University Press in 1988, page 8.
(a) 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History, published by the Dialogue Society in 2012.
Hart was born in 1978. (Hart Publishing company, New York, ISBN9780806513508) “Sahih al-Bukhari,” according to Al-Bukhari. InSalih Abd al-Aziz, Mawsu’ah al-Hadith al-Sharif al-Kutub al-Sittah, Mawsu’ah al-Hadith al-Sharif al-Kutub al-Sittah. Dar al-Salam Publishing House, Riyad, 2000, p. 256.
Religious freedom in Islam
Qur’an and Hadith include a wealth of information and resources that may be used to strengthen the democratic order. Islamists must take up the case for religious liberty that has been ingrained in their history and that is found at the heart of their most holy writings if they are to accept modernity, including life in a diverse, democratic society, without jeopardizing their religious beliefs. Despite the fact that the Qur’an and Hadith are generally supportive of religious liberty, several passages in these writings may and have been read as denying it in various ways over the centuries.
“Whoever changes his religion, kill him,” according to another account from the Prophet (Bukhari,Sahih, 9, 84,hadith57).
These two leaders express strong support for the notions of individual and personal religious freedom.
Human freedom and dignity
The Qur’anic concept of the human being serves as the cornerstone of the Islamic justification for religious liberty in the West. In accordance with the Qur’an’s anthropology, which is shared by Christianity and Judaism, every human being is considered to be a creation of God, endowed with intelligence and free choice. It is said that God formed mankind “in the finest of molds” (95:4), and that in doing so, he honored humanity and bestowed unique favors on it (17:70). It is emphasized throughout the Qur’an that all human beings are endowed with intrinsic value and dignity.
The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on the right to choose.
“Let him who wills believe in it, and let him who wills reject it” (18:29).
When it comes to questions of faith, the Qur’an states unequivocally that “there must be no coercion in matters of faith” (2:256).
As a result, forced conversions are simply impermissible, and anybody who would spread religion via force rather than persuasion must disregard the viewpoint of the individual who is important to the Qur’an’s message.
In the Qur’an, the fact that not even the Prophet Muhammad could impose or force individuals to proclaim Islam is the apex of the case for religious liberty. It was specifically stated in the Quran that if people were not receptive to the message of Islam, the imam should not use force. The Quran stated, “Your role is simply to encourage; you are not permitted to compel them” (88:21). Several pieces of evidence from Islamic history indicate that this viewpoint was shared not just by Prophet Muhammad, but also by his political successors.
- He grew concerned that she could have seen his invitation as a kind of coercion.
- Blasphemy, heresy, and, most infamously, apostasy are all punishable by death in these countries for Muslims.
- Religious freedom in public areas is restricted, and the construction or restoration of places of worship is subject to tight guidelines and regulations.
- However, the Qur’an contains a great deal of information that undermines such prohibitions.
- “The Apostle is under no obligation to do anything other than clearly communicate the word” (24:54).
- In actuality, the Qur’an appears to grant a considerable degree of freedom to non-Muslims living under Muslim control, notably to Jews and Christians, according to some scholars (sometimes known as the “people of the book”).
- At the time of the Prophet, the Qur’an clearly distinguished between those non-Muslims who were antagonistic to the nascent Muslim community and were willing to use violence against it and those non-Muslims who sought to live peaceably.
- However, even while exhorting Muslims to battle their opponents, the Qur’an did not propose that individuals involved in hostilities should be compelled to convert to Islam.
Indeed, it drew a strict boundary between demanding acknowledgement of official authority and compelling any modification of religious belief.
As a result, the Qur’an does not support the use of the sword to coerce anyone into becoming Muslims. But does it order such measures to prevent Muslims from converting to other religions? I feel the answer is a resounding no. It is clear from the Qur’an itself that anyone who abandon Islam will not face any worldly consequences, let alone death. According to the Qur’an, there are two distinct kinds of apostasy. Islamists who claim Islam openly but then strive to undermine the Muslim community from within, taking advantage of every chance to denigrate the Prophet, are classified as the first kind (2:8-18).
- In contrast, Muslims who reject Islam and then return to it, only to reject it again a second or even a third time, seesawing back and forth between Islam and their prior religions, fall under the category of apostasy (4:137).
- It simply mentions a harsh penalty that they would endure in the hereafter, which is the same other-worldly retribution that has been reserved for apostates in Christian history.
- At other times, Muslim critics of Islam were permitted to remain and function within the Muslim community despite their controversial views.
- What do the Prophet’s hadith, or collection of traditions and sayings, have to say about religious liberty and freedom?
- The Hadith, on the other hand, In their own words, they provide no evidence to demonstrate that Prophet Muhammad himself ever enforced the death punishment for the simple act of converting away from Islam.
- A few time after his arrival, he informed Prophet Muhammad that he want to return to the faith that he had previously practiced.
- As a result, there is a discrepancy between specific sayings attributed to the Prophet and his real behavior.
- What exactly are we supposed to make of them?
- According to one version of a well-known hadith, “A man who abandons Islam and participates in combat against God and His Prophet will be killed, crucified, or banished” (Abu Duwad,Sunan, 33,hadith4339).
Another hadith (Sahih Muslim, 16, hadith4152), according to the Prophet, reinforces the concept that apostasy is more than merely a change of faith, and that the death sentence for apostasy should be applied in certain circumstances: If a Muslim professes that there is no God but Allah and that I am His Messenger, his or her blood is sacrosanct.
“Splitting oneself off from the community” is taken to signify one who actively boycotts and confronts the group and its rightful leadership, which is the interpretation given here.
Most Muslim academics today depend on the legal reasoning of the classical jurists without questioning whether or not their reasoning should be deemed authoritative, or how changing political and legal circumstances should alter our perception of the authoritative components of that tradition.
He maintains that, while a person has the right to believe or not believe in Islam, once he or she has accepted the Islamic religion, he or she is subject to all of its obligations, including the Islamic faith’s current position on apostasy and the punishment associated with it.
Throughout most of Arabia throughout the sixth and early seventh century, a tribal structure was in existence to govern the people.
Because of the ongoing hostility between Muslims and their opponents, converting from Islam generally meant that a person left the Muslim community and joined the opponents of the Muslim community instead. Apostasy was considered to be the equal of treason.
Restrictions on religious liberty
Given that the Qur’an makes no mention of religious liberty and that evidence from relevanthadithis is inconclusive, how can we explain for limits on religious liberty in Muslim-majority countries? The origins of the majority of these limitations may be traced back to traditional Islamic law. Both non-Muslims and Muslims face a variety of limits on their religious liberty under Islamic law, according to the ancient legal writings of each of the schools of Islamic law that have survived. The Qur’an and the Prophet’s real conduct, Islam’s two most authoritative sources, are not inevitable developments; rather, they represent a contestable departure from them.
During these debates, a diverse spectrum of opinions and schools of thought were expressed.
Non-Muslims’ religious liberty has been restricted throughout time as a result of new legislation.
These limits were adopted in practice, although it is unclear how consistently or stringently they were enforced.
Since the time of the Prophet Muhammad, non-Muslims living under Muslim authority have been permitted the right to handle their own affairs (including religious matters), despite the fact that these prohibitions have been an influential component of traditional Islamic law in the process of development.
One example is the “millet system,” which was instituted by the Ottoman Empire to distribute grain.
Under the millet system, the Ottomans granted individuals of other religious traditions the ability to follow their own faith while also preserving their places of worship, so long as they recognized the Ottoman state and the superiority of Islam as being the one true religion.
Even Jews escaping persecution in Spain discovered that they were welcomed in Ottoman territory, notwithstanding their religious affiliation.
Despite the fact that this tolerance did not necessarily result in full equality or equal citizenship – ideas that are, in any event, still relatively new conceptions even in the West – non-Muslims still grew to prominence in many Muslim countries.
Given that the Qur’an makes no mention of religious liberty and that evidence from relevanthadithis is inconclusive, how can we explain for limits on religious liberty in Muslim-majority states? It is possible to trace the origins of the majority of these limitations back to ancient Islamic legislation. Both non-Muslims and Muslims face a variety of constraints on their religious liberty under Islamic law, according to the ancient legal texts of each of the remaining schools of Islamic law. Although they are not inexorable developments of Islam’s two most authoritative sources, the Qur’an and the Prophet’s real conduct, they do represent a contestable departure from these sources.
In the course of discussions about relations between Muslims and non-Muslims and about Islam’s superiority over other religions, theological debates about issues such as free will, predestination, and the nature of God were intertwined with discussions about Islam’s superiority over other religions and about Islam’s superiority over other religions.
Muslims had to cope with the issue of religious liberty in the setting of religious plurality and strife, which was a difficult situation for them.
The construction of houses of worship, public readings of Scripture, and the ability of non-Muslims to engage openly in some acts that Muslims regarded sinful (such as drinking alcohol) were all prohibited if the non-Muslims lived in Muslim communities were among the prohibitions.
They may have been used only in specific circumstances, such as times of uncertainty, difficulty, or tensions with an external enemy, similar to apostasy legislation.
Different Muslim empires followed this approach to a tee (from the Umayyad through to the Abbasid and the Ottoman).
For the Ottomans, one of the most difficult difficulties was figuring out how to rule the diverse range of people, faiths, cultures, and languages that existed throughout their empire.
As a result of these arrangements, Ottoman society was largely free of large-scale religious conflict for hundreds of years.
In many Muslim countries, however, non-Muslims gained prominence despite the fact that their tolerance did not necessarily result in full equality or equal citizenship – concepts that are still relatively new concepts even in the West.