What Does Pilgrimage Mean In Islam? (Question)

hajj, also spelled ḥadjdj or hadj, in Islam, the pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, which every adult Muslim must make at least once in his or her lifetime. A person may perform the hajj by proxy, appointing a relative or friend going on the pilgrimage to “stand in” for him or her.


  • Pilgrimage is viewed as a particularly meritorious activity. Pilgrimage serves as a penance – the ultimate forgiveness for sins, devotion, and intense spirituality. The pilgrimage to Mecca, the most sacred city in Islam, is required of all physically and financially able Muslims once in their life.


What is the most important pilgrimage in Islam?

Hajj is the most well-known pilgrimage in Islam. Here Dr Sophia Arjana discusses its role in the religion, whilst also looking at Shi’a and regional pilgrimages, sainthood and sacred space in Islam. Pilgrimage is a fundamental part of human experience.

What does pilgrimage mean in the five pillars of Islam?

The hajj, one of the five pillars of Islam, is an Islamic religious pilgrimage that is a mandatory act of worship for all financially and physically capable adult Muslims at least once in their lives.

What does the Quran say about pilgrimage?

In calling Muslims to perform the hajj, the Quran says, “ Proclaim to men the pilgrimage: they will come to thee on foot and on every lean camel, coming from every remote path. ” The rites of the hajj are believed to retrace events from the lives of prominent prophets such as Ibrahim and Ismail.

Why did Muhammad go on a pilgrimage?

On September 24, 622, the prophet Muhammad completes his Hegira, or “flight,” from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution. In Medina, Muhammad set about building the followers of his religion—Islam—into an organized community and Arabian power. The Hegira would later mark the beginning (year 1) of the Muslim calendar.

What is a pilgrimage in religion?

‘Pilgrimage’ is often used to describe an individual’s journey through life, sometimes as a general description of personal growth and exploration,sometimes, as in Christianity, outlining a particular spiritual focus or pathway which it is believed will lead to encounter with God.

How is Hajj performed?

At this point, pilgrims trim or shave (men only) their hair and remove their ihram clothes. Many will then proceed to Mecca to perform tawaf and sa’ee, first circling the Kaaba seven times, then walking seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwa. When all is finally done, they return to their campsite in Mina.

Why do Muslims fast during Ramadan?

Muslims believe that Ramadan teaches them to practice self-discipline, self-control, sacrifice, and empathy for those who are less fortunate, thus encouraging actions of generosity and compulsory charity (zakat). Muslims also believe fasting helps instill compassion for the food-insecure poor.

Why is hajj the fifth pillar of Islam?

Hajj, the pilgrimage to Makkah, is the fifth pillar and the most significant manifestation of Islamic faith and unity in the world. For those Muslims who are physically and financially able to make the journey to Makkah, the Hajj is a once in a lifetime duty that is the peak of their religious life.

What is the final act of hajj?

At the end of the Hajj, Muslims from all over the world celebrate the holiday known as the Eid ul Adha or Festival of the sacrifice. This festival commemorates the obedience of the Prophet Ibrahim when he was ordered to sacrifice his son Is’mail.

What do you mean by Haji?

Definition of haji: one who has made a pilgrimage to Mecca —often used as a title.

Is hajj mandatory in Islam?

Hajj is found as one of the most important practices in the history of Islam. Allah s.w.t upholds Hajj as one of the five pillars of Islam. Based on the verse, Hajj or pilgrimage is compulsory to each of the individual Muslim who owns istita’ah (ability).

Why is hajj important for the community?

The hajj is a pillar of Islam, required of all Muslims once in a lifetime. It is a physically demanding journey that Muslims believe offers a chance to wipe clean past sins and start anew before God. Pilgrims seek to deepen their faith on the hajj, with some women adopting the head covering known as the “hijab.”

What religions have pilgrimages?

Pilgrimage is not only a widespread and important practice in Christianity but also in other major religious traditions, such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism and Sikhism.

How many times Prophet Muhammad did Hajj?

The prophet Muhammad completed one Hajj in 629 CE. He and his followers had fled to Medina to escape persecution, but never gave up hope of return.

Who led the first Hajj in Islam?

Muslims believe that the rituals of Hajj have their origin in the time of the prophet Ibrahim (Abraham). Muhammad led the Hajj himself in 632, the year of his death.

What Is the Hajj pilgrimage, the Fifth Pillar of Islam?

The pilgrimage to Mecca|halil ibrahim kurucan / Alamy Stock Photo Millions of Muslims from all over the world participate in the annual Islamic pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, which takes place in September. But what exactly is the hajj, and why is it such a major occasion in Islam? The hajj, one of Islam’s five pillars, is a religious pilgrimage that is required of all financially and physically capable adult Muslims at least once in their lives. It is also a mandated act of devotion for all Muslims who are financially and physically capable.

Hundreds of pilgrims gather at the Grand Mosque on Friday to worship.

Compared to the umrah, which is a non-mandatory pilgrimage to Mecca that may be undertaken at any time of year, it is more expensive.

According to Islamic legend, the Prophet Muhammad made the first pilgrimage to Mecca in AD 628, accompanied by 1,400 of his closest friends and family members.

  1. According to Islam, Abraham is regarded a prophet since he is the common patriarch of the three Abrahamic religions.
  2. God instructed Abraham to sacrifice an animal instead of himself after determining that Abraham had passed the test of faith.
  3. In Islam, it was Ishmael, the Prophet Abraham’s other son, who was responsible.
  4. Hajra rushed between the hills seven times in order to find water for her kid, who was thirsty.
  5. It took Abraham by surprise when he returned home to find a stream of water, which would later become known as the hallowed Well of Zamzam, had arisen in the midst of a desolate wasteland.
  6. It is located about 20 metres (66 feet) away from the sacred well.
  7. Muslims travel to Mecca inihram, a condition of spiritual cleanliness in which individuals live in simplicity and humility, putting aside their materialistic wants in exchange for spiritual purity.

Women dress in loose-fitting clothing that cover their whole body, which are frequently black.

Neither men nor women are permitted to wear make-up, cologne, or perfume during this period, and slaughtering animals, engaging in combat, or engaging in sexual activity are all prohibited.

Dar Yasin/Associated Press/REX/Shutterstock The hajj begins at what is now the sanctuary of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, where the pilgrimage is said to have begun.

A crowd of pilgrims gathers around the Kaaba shrine at Mecca’s Grand Mosque.

They spend the night at Mina, where Abraham offered the animal as a sacrifice to God.

Thousands of Muslim pilgrims congregate at Jabal al- Rahmah, also known as the Mount of Mercy, in the Saudi town of Arafat.|Ali Haider EPA/REX/Shutterstock The Muslims then travel to Muzdalifah after sunset, where they spend the night praying and relaxing, as well as collecting hundreds of stones for use in the next day’s rites.

  1. This day corresponds to the day when Abraham offered to sacrifice his son to God, according to the Bible.
  2. (The number seven is also considered to be a sacred number in Islam.) Photograph by Fazry Ismail/EPA/REX/Shutterstock of Muslim pilgrims searching for stones in the Muzdalifah outside Mecca On this day, Muslims all across the world celebrate Eid al-Adha, the Islamic New Year.
  3. In addition, this act is essential for all pilgrims, however many opt to pay the required money to a slaughterhouse in Mecca, where the meat is subsequently donated to charity once it has been slaughtered.
  4. A final tawaf (circumambulation around the Kaaba) and seven circuits between the hills of Safa and Marwa are performed during the hajj’s final days, when pilgrims return to Mecca.
  5. Dar Yasin AP REX/Shutterstock Men shave their heads and women cut off strands of hair in remembrance of the Prophet Muhammad, who performed this act following his Hajj pilgrimage.

In addition, it represents the end of the state ofihram and is a sacrifice and a symbol of rebirth. This is an updated version of an article written by Amani Sharif that was initially published on her website.

What is Hajj and Why is it Important?

During the yearly pilgrimage to Mecca, all capable Muslims are obliged to participate at least once throughout their lifetimes. A total of two million Muslims complete the pilgrimage every year, which is a five-day event that takes place in the final month of the Islamic (lunar) calendar and lasts for five days. The Hajj is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is considered to be a holy occasion in Islamic tradition. In the state of Ihram, a holy state that Muslims must enter in order to complete the pilgrimage, it is prohibited to participate in sexual activity, dispute, use violence, or cut one’s hair or nails.

It is essential for Muslims to maintain their composure in Ihram because of the state’s religious importance, even though they are fatigued from the travel they have undertaken.

Why do Muslims go on Hajj?

The Hajj pilgrimage is a religious requirement that should be fulfilled at least once in the lifetimes of all capable Muslims. It is also thought that the voyage helps Muslims to cleanse themselves of any misdeeds and to start fresh in their relationship with Allah (SWT). Muslims retrace the path taken by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and prophets Ibrahim (AS) and Ismail (AS) before him, as well as the path taken by Hagar, the wife of Ibrahim (AS), who ran seven times between two hills in search of water for her dying son during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

As a result of the significance of Hajj, it is usual for Muslims to explore methods to increase their devotion to Allah (SWT), and one such approach is through the wearing of a headscarf by female pilgrims throughout the pilgrimage (head covering).

What Happens on Hajj?

The pilgrimage to Mecca takes place during the month of Dhul Hijjah, the 12th and final month of the Islamic calendar, and begins two days before Eid ul-Adha and continues through the three-day festival of the sacrifice. This means that the Hajj is performed throughout the course of five days. It is customary in Mecca for a lesser pilgrimage (umrah) to be carried out on the first day of Hajj. When Muslims retrace the steps of Hagar between two hills, it is after they have circled the Kaaba, the edifice located in the center of the Masjid al-Haram, which is the most significant mosque in Islam, that they do the Hagar retracement.

  1. The day comes to a close with a night spent in the valley of Mina.
  2. They will also climb Jabal al-Rahma, a summit on where the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) gave his last sermon, as part of their itinerary.
  3. While there is the option of taking a bus, many Muslims prefer to walk the route.
  4. Men will also shave their heads, while women will cut a lock of hair as a symbol of rebirth and rebirth.

During the three days of Eid ul-Adha, Muslims will not only complete the Hajj journey but will also carry out the ritual sacrificial slaughter of cattle and distribute shares of meat to the needy, as is customary in Islamic tradition.

Who Goes on Hajj?

In the month of Dhul Hijjah, the 12th and final month of the Islamic calendar, the pilgrimage to Mecca begins two days before Eid ul-Adha and lasts for the three-day festival of the sacrifice, which is observed every year. That implies that the Hajj is performed over the course of five days. A minor pilgrimage (umrah) takes place in Mecca on the first day of the Hajj. When Muslims retrace the steps of Hagar between two hills, it is after they have circled the Kaaba, the edifice located in the center of the Masjid al-Haram, which is the most significant mosque in Islam, that they perform the Hagar retracement ritual.

  • A night in the valley of Mina concludes this day’s adventures.
  • They will also ascend Jabal al-Rahma, a summit on where the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) gave his last sermon, as part of their journey.
  • While it is possible to travel this distance by bus, many Muslims prefer to walk.
  • A lock of hair will be cut from the heads of both men and women as a symbol of rebirth.
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When is Hajj 2021?

In 2021, Hajj is scheduled to begin on Saturday, July 17, and finish in the evening of Thursday, July 22, in conjunction with the Islamic holiday of Eid ul-Adha. Nonetheless, while the Covid-19 outbreak persists, it is unclear whether it will be possible for large numbers of Muslims to travel to Mecca for Hajj this year — just as the journey to Mecca in 2020 was also jeopardized. Muslims are advised to get travel advice from the Saudi Arabian government as well as from the government of the nation from where they would be departing on their journey.

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What is the Hajj pilgrimage? – CBBC Newsround

For the greatest experience on the CBBC Newsround website, you must have JavaScript enabled on your computer. Zahraa, 11, undertook her first ever pilgrimage to Mecca, which you can see here. Islam’s yearly trip to Mecca, in Saudi Arabia, in the Middle East, known as the Hajj, is a religious obligation for Muslims. During the month of Dhu’al-Hijjah, which is the last month of the Islamic calendar, the event takes place. On 2021, Hajj will begin in the evening of the 17th of July and will go until the 22nd of July.

  • Although there are particular measures in place this year as part of Saudi Arabia’s efforts to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, there are certain exceptions.
  • Watch this video to learn more about the Hajj (2013) More information on why this pilgrimage is so significant in the Islamic religion may be found in the following sections.
  • In most years, more than two million Muslims from all around the world will go to Mecca for the annual Hajj pilgrimage ritual.
  • This year, only 60,000 Saudi Arabian residents who have received all of their vaccinations have been permitted to participate.
  • To be eligible to participate, pilgrims needed to have received two doses of the Covid-19 vaccination, be between the ages of 18 and 65, and fulfill certain health standards.
  • What is the purpose of this trip for Muslims?
  • These are the five major deeds that every Muslim is supposed to do out throughout their lives.

Those who are physically capable and financially able to do so are obligated to undertake the pilgrimage to Mecca for Hajj at least once in their lives. In addition to the Hajj, there are several more significant deeds to perform:

  1. Shahadah – This is a public confession of faith that every Muslim is required to make. Salat – Muslims pray at certain times, five times a day, at specific locations. When people of religion give away a percentage of their money to aid those in need, this is known as Zakat. Sawm – During Ramadan, Muslims fast for a month straight.

For the greatest experience on the CBBC Newsround website, you must have JavaScript enabled on your computer. WATCH: What is it like for a family to fast during the holy month of Ramadan? (Updated in June 2018) What is it about Mecca that is so important? Mecca is considered to be the birthplace of the Islamic religion. As the Prophet Muhammad’s birthplace, it is also the location where he received the first revelations from Allah (Allah is the Arabic word for God), which were later compiled into the Koran, which is the Muslim sacred book.

  1. The Ka’bah, which was established by prophet Abraham and his son prophet Ishmael, may be found in the city.
  2. Located in Mecca, the Ka’bah is Islam’s holiest place, and it represents the unity of God.
  3. While on the journey, Muslims perform a variety of key rites that are fundamental to their faith.
  4. Traditionally dressed women must cover their heads, but not their faces, according to the law.
  5. Photographs courtesy of Getty Images Every year, tens of thousands of Muslims journey to Mecca.
  6. This is referred to as Tawaf, and it is done in order to demonstrate that all Muslims are equal.
  7. Muslims believe that Hagar, the prophet Abraham’s wife, did this while she was in quest of water for her baby son Ishmael, according to Islamic tradition.

It is customary for pilgrims to bring water from Zamzam back with them to their homes after returning from their journey.

This is the location where the Prophet Muhammad delivered his farewell speech, and it is also where Muslims come to pray to God for forgiveness and guidance.

In the city of Mina, Muslims also come to a halt before three pillars known as Jamarat.

During the Hajj pilgrimage, Muslims commemorate the celebration of Eid ul-Adha.

The Muslim holiday of Eid ul-Adha commemorates Allah’s request to Abraham, in a dream, to sacrifice his son Ishmael as an act of loyalty to Allah.

For the greatest experience on the CBBC Newsround website, you must have JavaScript enabled on your computer. WATCH: How do you celebrate the Islamic holiday of Eid?

Explaining the Muslim pilgrimage of hajj

Around 1.7 million Muslims have congregated in the Saudi Arabian holy city of Mecca for the annual pilgrimage known as the hajj, which takes place every year. It is mandatory for all Muslims who have the physical and financial means to make the five-day trek to Mecca to do the Hajj once in their lives to complete the voyage. As a result, what exactly is the hajj and what is its spiritual importance are you wondering?

The fifth pillar

Mecca becomes a melting pot of Muslims from across the world during the penultimate month of the Muslim lunar year. They come from nations as different as Indonesia, Russia, India, Cuba, Fiji, United States, Nigeria, and many more! Pilgrims with white clothing make their way to Plymouth Rock. Al Jazeera English, Creative Commons BY-NC Pilgrims dress in simple white clothing with no embellishments. Men wear in attire that is seamless and unstitched, while women dress in simple white gowns and headscarves.

It is said that the pilgrimage is the fifth pillar of Islamic practice (the other four being the profession of faith, five daily prayers, charity andthe fast of Ramadan).

The first day of the hajj

Pilgrims begin by circumambulating seven times around the “Holy Kaaba,” the black, cube-shaped temple of God (located in the heart of the most important mosque in Mecca). Muslims see the Kaaba as a sacred site that should not be overlooked. Muslims are supposed to face the Kaaba when doing their daily prayers in every corner of the world, including the United States. Pilgrims are required to follow specific guidelines as they are making their way around the Kaaba. During the journey, they are also permitted to kiss, touch, or approach the Kaaba as a symbol of their reverence and continued commitment to Allah.

According to Muslim tradition, the Kaaba contains the black stone upon which Ibrahim was summoned to sacrifice his son Ismail.

Pilgrims then go on a traditional walking journey to the hills known as “Safa” and “Marwah,” which are around 100 meters from the Kaaba.

As soon as Hajar and her newborn baby Ismail were born, God told Ibrahim to take them out into the desert and abandon them there.

For her perseverance, God rewarded Hajar by sending his angel Jibreel to expose a spring, which is now known as the “Zamzam Well.” Pilgrims drink from the hallowed well and may even carry some water home with them as a blessing.

The second day of the hajj

Pilgrims offering prayers at Arafat’s tomb. Al Jazeera English, Creative Commons BY-SA The hajj “climaxes” with a visit to the Arafat plains, which are located near Mecca. It is there that pilgrims congregate in tents, where they spend time with one another and pray. Some pilgrims will climb a peak known as the “Mount of Mercy,” from where Prophet Muhammad delivered his final sermon at the end of his life, as part of their journey. They then continue to an open plain near Mecca, which is frequently regarded as the climax of the pilgrimage by many.

As a scholar of global Islam, I have conducted interviews with persons who have participated in the hajj during my fieldwork.

Many pilgrims report feeling a strong sense of closeness to God when standing on the Arafat plains.

Final three days

Following that, pilgrims travel to Mina, popularly known as the Tent City, which is located around five kilometers from the holy city of Mecca. Another element of the tale of Ibrahim’s test of faith in the sacrifice of his son is reenacted here by the actors on the stage. They recollect how Satan attempted to persuade Ibrahim to ignore God’s command to sacrifice his son Ismail, but Ibrahim refused. Ibrahim, on the other hand, remained unaffected and alerted Ismail, who was eager to be sacrificed, of what was happening.

  • They then proceed to accompany Ibrahim as he performs the ritual of sacrifice.
  • On this day, Muslims all across the globe sacrifice an animal in honor of the Prophet Muhammad.
  • Al Jazeera English, CC BY-SAMUEL pilgrims spend the following few days retracing their steps around Mina (at least six more times) and circumambulating the Holy Kaaba in Mecca in order to atone for their sins (at least once more).
  • The hajj is supposed to be a means of cleansing Muslim pilgrims of any prior sins if they are carried out properly.

Creating one Muslim community

The hajj is a massiveorganizational projectfor the Saudi government. Issues concerningcrowd control, security, traffic and tensions continuously beset the successful staging of the yearly event. A horrific stampede in 2015 leftover 700 dead. There are other current tensions as well: SomeShiagovernments like as Iran, for example, have leveledcharges claiming discriminationbySunniSaudi officials. Furthermore, this year, people ofQatar were not permitted to undertake the hajjfollowing the decision by Saudi Arabia and three other Arab states to severe diplomatic relations with the country.

Perhaps that might help avert regional or sectarian strife.

By obliging Muslims to dress the same garments, worship in the same venues and conduct the same rites, the hajj establishes a worldwide Muslim community, with no social divisions.

Q&A: The Hajj Pilgrimage and Its Significance in Islam

Sunday marks the commencement of the five-day Hajj pilgrimage for more than 2 million Muslims from all over the world, according to official estimates. Their journey will take them around Islam’s holiest site, the cube-shaped Kaaba in the Saudi Arabian city of Mecca, where they will participate in a series of rites designed to foster greater humility and togetherness among Muslims. A glance at the pilgrimage and what it represents for Muslims is provided here. What exactly is the objective of the Hajj pilgrimage?

  1. The Hajj is viewed as an opportunity to purify one’s soul of past misdeeds and begin anew.
  2. Although the Hajj is physically demanding, many pilgrims use canes or crutches to traverse the routes, despite the fact that it is quite hot.
  3. Others risk their entire lives in order to complete the trek.
  4. The annual Hajj journey to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, begins Aug.
  5. What is the Hajj’s historical background?
  6. Muslims believe God put Ibrahim’s faith to the test when he told him to sacrifice his only son Ismail, according to tradition.
  7. In both the Christian and Jewish versions of the tale, Abraham is commanded to kill his second son, Isaac, since he is a threat to society.
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According to legend, God then brought out a spring that continues to flow to this day.

What is it about the Kaaba that is so significant to Muslims?

As a result of the reconstruction work, the Kaaba has drawn a variety of pilgrims over the years, including early Christians who resided in the Arabian Peninsula.

Despite the fact that Muslims do not worship the Kaaba, it is Islam’s most sacred location since it represents the symbolic home of God as well as the unity of God in the Islamic faith.

The Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, where Muslim pilgrims are preparing for the annual Hajj pilgrimage, is seen on Aug.

Every year, millions of people come to participate in the annual Islamic pilgrimage.

“Ihram” refers to a condition of spiritual purity in which pilgrims are encouraged to discard materialistic symbols, give up worldly pleasures, and place greater emphasis on the inner self rather than outer appearance.

Any stitching on the white clothes is prohibited, a limitation intended to stress the equality of all Muslims while also preventing wealthy pilgrims from distinguishing themselves with more complex outfits.

Additionally, it is prohibited for pilgrims at the Hajj to argue, fight, or lose their cool during the ritual.

The first day of the Hajj pilgrimage The Hajj generally begins in Mecca with a lesser pilgrimage known as the “umrah,” which can be completed at any time of year.

The Kaaba and the two hills are included in the Grand Mosque of Mecca, which is the biggest mosque in the world.

The second day of Hajj has arrived.

They make their way up a hill known as Jabal al-Rahma, which translates as “Mountain of Mercy.” It was here that Muhammad delivered his farewell sermon, in which he called for equality as well as for the unity of Muslims.

Pilgrims go from Arafat about nightfall for a location known as Muzdalifa, which is 9 kilometers (5.5 miles) west of the city.

Muslims believe that the devil attempted to convince Ibrahim not to surrender to God’s will, and they spend the night there, picking up stones along the road that will be used in a symbolic stoning of the demon back in Mina.

3, 2017, two children pose for the camera as they are pushed by their father, who is walking to hurl stones at three massive stone pillars as part of the symbolic stoning of the devil, during the Hajj, just outside the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

In the Hajj, the final three days are highlighted by three events: a final circumambulation of the Kaaba, the throwing of stones in Mina, and the removal of the ihram.

The last days of Hajj fall on the same day as Eid al-Adha, also known as the festival of sacrifice, which is observed by Muslims all over the world to remember Ibrahim’s trial by fire. On the three-day Eid holiday, Muslims kill cattle and give the meat to the less fortunate among them.

Hajj – Definition, Meaning & Synonyms

It is customary for Muslims to undertake a pilgrimage, or religious journey, at some time throughout their lives. Thehajjis are transported to Mecca, which is considered the holiest location in Islam. In Islam, the hajj is one of the Pillars of Islam, which are activities that Muslims consider obligatory and include faith, prayer, charity, and fasting, among other things. Muslims are obligated to perform the hajj at least once in their lives, unless they are unable to do so due to financial or physical constraints.

The Arabic wordhajj derives from the wordhajja, which means “he went on a pilgrimage.” Hajj is defined as follows:

  1. Noun The fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca, which takes place during the month of Dhu al-Hijja
  2. A Muslim is obligated to undertake a religious travel to Mecca and the Kaaba at least once in his or her lifetime. “For a Muslim, thehajjis the ultimate act of worship.”

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Hajj: A Sacred Pillar

The Hajj is a religious pilgrimage undertaken by Muslims to the holy mosque Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, as part of their religious obligations. As one of Islam’s five pillars, it occurs during the month of Dhul Hijjah, which is the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar, and is celebrated on Fridays and Saturdays. As Muslims, doing Hajj in Islam – pilgrimage to Mecca – is a spiritual obligation, provided that we are financially, physically, and emotionally capable of doing so. “You will enter the Sacred Masjid, God willing, totally secure, and you will cut your hair or shorten it (as part of the pilgrimage rites) there,” Allah (SWT) orders us in the Holy Qur’an.

Because He was aware of what you were unaware of, He has combined this with an immediate triumph.” (48:27) For many individuals, taking part in this spiritual pilgrimage is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that they will never forget.

When is Hajj 2021?

The Hajj pilgrimage begins on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah and will last for three weeks. It is slated to commence on Sunday, July 18, 2021, in this year’s edition. Because Islam is based on the lunar calendar, the exact day will vary from year to year.

How long is Hajj?

The Hajj pilgrimage takes place over a period of five or six days, from the eighth to the twelfth or thirteenth of Dhul Hijjah.

What is Hajj in Islam?

Despite the fact that it is a spiritually challenging, emotional, and physically demanding experience, Hajj in Islam provides a chance to refresh our spiritual selves, to cleanse us of our sins, and to renew our confidence in Allah (SWT). Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said that those who do Hajj for the love of Allah and refrain from uttering any obscene word or performing any wicked conduct would return (free of sin) to the place where their mother birthed them. (According to Bukhari; Muslim) However, because of the physical obstacles of each stage of Hajj, as well as the spiritual ceremonies, it is essential to prepare as much as possible before traveling to Mecca.

In order to ensure that you have the most spiritually gratifying, safe, and secure travel possible, we have included all of the necessary information in our Hajj handbook.


To perform the Hajj is to go on a long and arduous trip. Every year, the activities of Hajj take place over a ten-day period, beginning on 1 Dhu al-Hijjah and concluding on 10 Dhu al-Hijjah, the twelfth and final month of the Islamic calendar, and lasting from 1 to 10 Dhu al-Hijjah.

Who is excused from Hajj?

First and foremost, only Muslim adults (male or female) are required to conduct the Hajj ritual. This implies that, while children are welcome to participate in Hajj, they are not compelled to do so. Second, Muslims who are physically unable of doing the pilgrimage, such as those who are sick, aged, or otherwise physically weakened, are spared from having to do so. Third, the Muslim must be able to afford to travel to Mecca to conduct Hajj. 2022 Islamic Relief Worldwide, Inc. retains ownership of the copyright and reserves all rights.

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Q&A: The hajj pilgrimage and its significance in Islam

On Friday, more than 2 million Muslims from all around the world will embark on the five-day hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. Their journey will take them around Islam’s holiest site, the cube-shaped Kaaba in Mecca, where they will take part in a series of rites meant to foster greater humility and togetherness among Muslim believers. This year’s hajj takes place during a period of rising sectarian and political tensions in the Persian Gulf, as well as increased threats and attacks against Muslim minority in countries such as China, Myanmar, India, New Zealand, and other countries.

  2. It is a physically taxing trek, but Muslims believe it provides an opportunity to cleanse themselves of past misdeeds and begin afresh before God.
  3. Despite the physical difficulties, many individuals use canes or crutches to navigate the roads and insist on walking them instead.
  4. Others risk their entire lives in order to complete the trek.
  5. When Muslims do the hajj, they are following a path that the Prophet Muhammad previously traveled.
  6. Muslims believe God put Ibrahim’s faith to the test when he told him to sacrifice his only son Ismail, according to tradition.
  7. In both the Christian and Jewish versions of the tale, Abraham is commanded to kill his second son, Isaac, since he is a threat to society.

According to tradition, God then brought out a spring that continues to flow to this day._ WHAT IS IT ABOUT THE KAABA THAT IS SO IMPORTANT TO MUSLIMS?

Over the years, the Kaaba has been rebuilt and has drawn pilgrims from all over the world, including those who originally resided on the Arabian Peninsula.

Despite the fact that Muslims do not worship the Kaaba, it is Islam’s most sacred location since it represents the symbolic home of God as well as the unity of God in the Islamic faith.


Forego cosmetics and perfume in favor of loose-fitting attire and a head covering, while men dress in white terrycloth garments that are seamless from top to bottom.

While in the state of ihram, Muslims are not permitted to engage in sexual relations, cut their hair, or clip their nails, among other activities.

The immense crowds and physical weariness of the pilgrimage, however, will unavoidably put pilgrims’ patience and tolerance to the test.

Muslims execute the umrah by circumambulating the Kaaba seven times counter-clockwise while reciting supplications to God, then walking between the two hills traveled by Hagar to complete the ritual.

Thousands of pilgrims stop at Medina, Saudi Arabia, before continuing on to Mecca, where the Prophet Muhammad is buried and where he constructed the first mosque, among other places.

Thousands of people will also climb a hill known as Jabal al-Rahma, which translates as “Mountain of Mercy.” It was at this location that the Prophet Muhammad delivered his farewell speech, in which he called for equality among all people and for Muslim unity.

Pilgrims go from Arafat about nightfall for a location known as Muzdalifa, which is 9 kilometers (5.5 miles) west of the city.

They spend the night there and collect stones along the journey, which will be used in a symbolic stoning of the devil back in Mina, where Muslims believe the devil attempted to persuade Ibrahim to reject God’s plan.

Three major ceremonies take place during the course of the final three days of the hajj: the final circling of the Kaaba, the flinging of stones in Mina, and removing the ihram.

When the hajj comes to an end, Muslims throughout the world will commemorate Ibrahim’s test of faith by celebrating Eid al-Adha, also known as the Festival of Sacrifice, which falls during the final days of the pilgrimage.

On the three-day Eid holiday, Muslims kill cattle and give the meat to the less fortunate among them. Aya Batrawy may be followed on Twitter at www.twitter.com/ayaelb.

What is Hajj?

What exactly is Hajj? These frequently asked questions (FAQs) provide information on the Hajj in the United Kingdom and throughout the world. What exactly is Hajj? Who should make the pilgrimage to Mecca? When does Hajj take place? How many people participate in Hajj? What was the origin of the Hajj? What exactly are the Hajj rites? What is the difference between the Hajj and the Umrah pilgrimages?

What is Hajj?

In Islam, the Hajj, which is often spelled Hajji, is a yearly pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim is obligated to perform at least once in their lives. The word Hajj is an Arabic word that literally translates as ‘to intend a travel.’ As the fifth pillar of Islam, Hajj is seen as as important as the other four: shahadah (statement of faith); salat (daily prayer); zakat (alms); and sawm (fasting in Ramadan).

Who should go on the Hajj?

All Muslims above the age of 18 are required to do the Hajj at least once during their lifetimes. They must be of sound mind, as well as physically and financially capable of making the long voyage ahead. After completing the journey, those who have done so might be given the title Hajji.

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When is Hajj?

The pilgrimage must take place during the month of Dhu al Hijja, which is the last month of the Islamic calendar year, in order to be considered valid. The Hajj rituals are conducted from the 8th to the 12th of Dhu al Hijjah, according to the Islamic calendar. Due to the fact that the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar year, the date in the Gregorian calendar changes every year and is 10 to 11 days earlier than the date in the previous year. The Hajj is planned to take place on or around August 9th in 2019.

How many people go on Hajj?

Every year, around 2 to 3 million pilgrims from all over the globe go to Mecca to perform the Hajj. It is the single largest gathering of people on the face of the earth.

How did Hajj start?

Despite the fact that the ceremonies of Hajj were established by the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), they may be traced back to the Prophet Ibrahim (alahis salaam), who is also known as Abraham in English, according to the Qur’an. Muslims believe that Allah instructed Ibrahim (alaihis salaam) to leave his wife Hajar and son Ismail alone in the desert of old Mecca, and that this was done to protect them. Hajar sprinted between the two hills of Safa and Marwah seven times in a frantic attempt to get water, but she came up empty-handed.

This is the Well of Zamzam, which is located within the Masjid al-Haram complex in Mecca.

What are the rites of Hajj?

The following are the most important rites of the Hajj pilgrimage: When pilgrims arrive in Mecca, they are required to enter the state of ihram (purity) in preparation for the Hajj journey. Men are required to dress in ihram clothes, which are made up of two white, seamless sheets that are wrapped over their bodies and sandals. In addition to representing purity, this dress represents equality and togetherness because there are no outward indications of one’s social class, income, status, or culture.

  • In order to remain in the state of ihram, pilgrims must refrain from cutting their nails or hair, as well as from engaging in sexual activity, arguing or fighting.
  • The Ka’aba, which was erected by Ibrahim (alaihis salaam), is the most sacred shrine in Islam and is dedicated to the Prophet Muhammad.
  • Mount Arafat: Pilgrims gather on the plains of Mount Arafat, where the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaih wa sallam) delivered his last speech, to observe a vigil in his memory.
  • Eid ul Adha: The three-day celebration of Eid ul Adha begins on the tenth day of the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijja, on the tenth day of the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijja (the Feast of Sacrifice).

It is known in Arabic as Udiyah, and it remembers the sacrifice Ibrahim (alaihis salaam) was willing to make of his son Ismail (alaihis salaam) for Allah, who spared Ibrahim’s son by sending down a ram to take his place. Qurbani is celebrated on the first day of Ramadan.

What is the difference between Hajj and Umrah?

Pilgrims can go to Mecca at any time of year to complete the rites, and they are encouraged to do so. Although it is referred to as Umrah in Arabic, it is not required, unlike Hajj, which takes place on predetermined Islamic dates each year. GET INVOLVED WITH THE CAUSE There are several ways to assist, so make sure you stay up to date by subscribing to our newsletter! There are numerous ways to contribute; make sure to stay up to date by subscribing to our Newsletter or learning more about our most recent Mission Impossible Tour.

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Hajj: The journey that all Muslims must make in their lifetime

Budak Kelantan’s photo is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 license. Every year, more than two million Muslims go to Saudi Arabia to see their relatives and friends. They are going to undertake a ritual known as Hajj (say “HA-dge”). Historically, Muslims have done this for hundreds of years! It’s possible that there will be a limit on the number of persons who can attend this year. For more information on how this unique practice has been followed for generations, continue reading this article.

What is Hajj?

People praying at the Grand Mosque in Mecca, the holiest city in Islam. (Photo courtesy of the Saudi Ministry of Hajj and Umra/Getty Images) ) Hajj is a pilgrimage, or voyage, that every Muslim must do at least once throughout his or her life. But only if they can afford it and are in good enough health will they be able to do so. It is considered to be one of the five pillars of Islam (the religion Muslims follow). These five pillars are significant aspects of how Muslims conduct their religious lives.

When is Hajj?

The Abraj Al-Bait tower, located in Saudi Arabia, provides a panoramic view of the Great Mosque of Mecca. (Photo courtesy of Abdulghani Essa/Getty Images) ) The pilgrimage to Mecca takes place in the last month of the Islamic calendar. It is the year of the alunar calendar. That is, the number of days in a month is determined by the phases of the moon. As a result, the Islamic year is approximately 11 days shorter than the calendar that you use in class. The Gregorian calendar is the name given to this calendar.

On the Gregorian calendar, the date is moved back approximately 10 days every year.

What do you do during Hajj?

Pilgrims travel to key holy sites and participate in particular rituals. Here are a few examples:

1. Circle the Kaaba

Pilgrims walk around the Kaaba while maintaining a social distance from one another. (Photo courtesy of STR/Getty Images) ) Within Mecca’s Great Mosque, the Kaaba is a massive square structure at the center of the complex. During the Hajj, travelers must circumambulate the Kaaba seven times in the counterclockwise direction.

The Kaaba will remain on their left side as a result of this. Muslims across the world pray five times a day, no matter where they are in the world. They are orientated in the direction of Mecca’s Kaaba. It is considered to be the most significant structure in the Islamic religion.

2. Walk and run between Al-Safa and Al-Marwa

Muslim pilgrims make their way between the hills of Marwa and Safah. (Photo courtesy of Roslan Eahman/Getty Images) ) Pilgrims must walk or sprint seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwa to complete the journey. People who are elderly or who have mobility challenges may find it challenging to navigate the process. Wheelchairs and motorized carts are now available upon request.

3. Ask for forgiveness

Pilgrims from all over the world come to pray atop the Mountain of Mercy, which overlooks the Arafat Plain. (Photo courtesy of STR/Getty Images) ) Pilgrims flock to Mount Arafat, a mountaintop outside of Mecca that is sacred to Islam. Wuquf is a type of performance that they do here. This is the place where travelers come to seek Allah (God) for forgiveness for whatever sins they may have committed in the past. It is customary for them to remain and worship at the mount from midday till sundown.

If a pilgrim does not do the wuquf, his or her Hajj is not considered valid.

4. Throw pebbles

Muslim pilgrims in the city of Mina have thrown stones at the three pillars of the mosque. (Photo courtesy of Getty Images) Pilgrims hurl pebbles at three pillars known as Jamarat in the city of Mina. They do this in order to pay tribute to the Prophet Ibrahim’s life tale (Abraham). Muslims believe that by tossing stones at the devil at the same location, he was able to drive him away.

What Muslims Do on Hajj, and Why (Published 2016)

JIDDA, Saudi Arabia — JIDDA, Saudi Arabia is a city in Saudi Arabia. Every able-bodied Muslim who has the financial means to do so should make the pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Islam’s holiest location, at least once in his or her lifetime. The yearly pilgrimage is referred to as the hajj, and it is one of the five pillars of Islam as commanded by the Quran, which are as follows: And to declare the hajj to the whole world. These people will arrive at your door on foot or on a very skinny camel, and they will come from every deep and remote mountain roadway.

Although the writerAbu Muneer Ismail Davids remarked that it would seem like a crowd of 10 million people, I will be joining two million Muslims from around the world.

I’ll be writing about my experiences for The New York Times and on social media platforms.

Prophets and Forebears

As a result of God’s instruction, Ibrahim abandoned his wife Hajar and their son Ismail in the Arabian desert, where they died. These people, who occur in the Judeo-Christian Bible under the names Abraham, Hagar, and Ishmael, are referred to in this article by their Islamic spellings. One of the stories about the origins of Islam begins with Ibrahim, who is the protagonist of one of the stories. He is revered as a father of our faith by Muslims, just as he is by Jews. Hajarwas Ibrahim’s second wife, after his first.

  1. The water is alleged to have trickled out after Ismail stomped his leg in the sand, according to reports.
  2. The Ismailis are regarded as the ancestors of the Arabs.
  3. Ismail is claimed to have assisted his father in the construction of a temple, known as theKaaba, or cube, to glorify his one God, according to legend.
  4. Ibrahim resisted the devil’s attempts to persuade him to quit his mission on three separate occasions, each time hurling seven stones at the demon to warn him off.
  5. As the tale goes in the Quran, God substituted Ismail with a ram, which was then murdered in his place.
  6. Muslim pilgrims follow in the footsteps of the Prophet Muhammad on his journey, which is also known as the “farewell pilgrimage,” according to certain sources.
  7. The Kaaba, also known as Bait Allah or the House of Allah, is located within the Grand Mosque of Mecca.

It is home to el-hajar al-aswad, also known as black stone, which is said to have dropped from paradise when it was whiter as milk, but was subsequently tainted by the crimes of humankind and is now stained black.

As thetawaf, this is one of the most iconic pictures of the hajj, and it is one of the most widely recognized.

We will commemorate Hajar by walking seven times between the two hills on the first day of the hajj, albeit our journey will be more pleasant than hers: the marble-tiled walkways between Safa and Marwa are air-conditioned, whereas Hajar’s trek was not.

Image courtesy of Muhammad Muheisen The Associated Press contributed to this report.

The commemoration of this event, which takes place on the ninth day of the Islamic month of Dhul-Hijjah, known as the Day of Arafat, is an essential part of the pilgrimage to Mecca.

Credit: Fayez Nureldine/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images for this image The term “Meqaat” refers to the whole territory in and around Mecca that encompasses the holy sites of the Hajj pilgrimage.

Flights bringing Muslims to Saudi Arabia for the hajj make an announcement as the plane is nearing the meqaat, allowing passengers to communicate their wishes to the pilot.

During the chanting of “Here I am, oh Lord, here I am,” males yell out loudly and women repeat the phrase clearly, but in a quiet tone.

Rites and Rituals

Muhammad Al-Shaikh/Agence France Presse — Getty Images is credited with this image. Jamarati is a rite that honors Ibrahim’s victory over the devil in his battle against temptation. When pilgrims arrive at Jamarat Bridge on the third day of the hajj, they hurl stones at three pillars that are intended to represent the devil’s attempts to impede Ibrahim’s journey to Mina, where he would sacrifice his son Ismail. The ceremonial stoning is performed three times a day for three days before pilgrims return to Mecca to complete one last circumambulation of the Kaaba.

It was during the Jamarat rite last year when hundreds, perhaps thousands, of pilgrims were killed as a result of a stampede of people.

Bangash/Associated Press is credited with this image.

Muslim pilgrims are prohibited from slaughtering animals during the hajj until after the Day of Arafat, when it becomes their obligation to do so.

Muhammad Al-Shaikh/Agence France Presse — Getty Images is credited with this image.

Women must dress modestly and cover their hair and body when out in public.

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