hajj, also spelled ḥadjdj or hadj, in Islam, the pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, which every adult Muslim must make at least once in his or her lifetime. The pilgrimage rite begins on the 7th day of Dhū al-Ḥijjah (the last month of the Islamic year) and ends on the 12th day.
What is the significance of Hajj for Muslims?
- The Hajj is important to Muslims because it helps to teach them about their true purpose on Earth, to feel a closer connection to Allah, to unite with their brothers and sisters on the journey, to find their humility, to help them reinforce worship methods and to recognize the equality of all people, states the BBC.
- 1 What is the purpose of Hajj in Islam?
- 2 What is a Haji in Islam?
- 3 What is Hajj and how is it performed?
- 4 Who can go inside the Kaaba?
- 5 Is Hajj mandatory in Islam?
- 6 Who built the Kaaba?
- 7 When did Holy Prophet go to perform Hajj?
- 8 How many Hajj did Prophet Muhammad perform?
- 9 Who are the only people allowed in Mecca?
- 10 What is inside the hajj?
- 11 How do you prepare for hajj?
- 12 What is buried under the Kaaba?
- 13 Who put the black stone in Mecca?
- 14 How old is Kaaba?
- 15 hajj
- 16 Hajj: A Sacred Pillar
- 17 When is Hajj 2021?
- 18 How long is Hajj?
- 19 What is Hajj in Islam?
- 20 FAQs
- 21 What is the Hajj pilgrimage? – CBBC Newsround
- 22 What is Hajj and Why is it Important?
- 23 Hajj Facts
- 24 What Is Hajj?
- 25 How Do Your Prepare for Hajj?
- 26 What Happens at Hajj?
- 27 Why Is Hajj Important?
- 28 More Hajj Facts
- 29 Virtues of Dhul Hijjah
- 30 Q&A: The Hajj Pilgrimage and Its Significance in Islam
- 31 Hajj: The journey that all Muslims must make in their lifetime
- 32 What is Hajj?
- 33 When is Hajj?
- 34 What do you do during Hajj?
- 35 The Embassy of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- 36 Preparing to Welcome the Guests of God
- 37 A Vast Brotherhood
- 38 Arriving in Makkah
- 39 The Rites of Pilgrimage
- 40 A Spiritual Journey
- 41 Explaining the Muslim pilgrimage of hajj
- 42 The fifth pillar
- 43 The first day of the hajj
- 44 The second day of the hajj
- 45 Final three days
- 46 Creating one Muslim community
What is the purpose of Hajj in Islam?
Apart from being an obligatory religious duty, the Hajj is seen to have a spiritual merit that provides the Muslims with an opportunity of self-renewal. Hajj serves as a reminder of the Day of Judgment when Muslims believe people will stand before God.
What is a Haji in Islam?
Haji refers to a Muslim who has made the pilgrimage to Mecca. Hajj refers to the journey itself, while a haji is one who has observed this central aspect of the Islamic faith. Haji has also been used by American soldiers in the Middle East as a derogatory word for a Muslim.
What is Hajj and how is it performed?
The Hajj is a real pilgrimage – a journey, with rites and rituals to be done along the way. You begin at a place just outside Mecca called the Miqat, or entry station to the Hajj. There you bathe, put on the Ihram (the special white clothes), make the intention for Umra and begin reciting the Talbiya Du’a (prayer).
Who can go inside the Kaaba?
Today, the Kaaba is kept closed during the hajj because of the overwhelming number of people, but those who visit the Kaaba during other times of the year are sometimes allowed to go inside. It’s quite beautiful: The walls are white marble on the lower half and green cloth on the upper half.
Is Hajj mandatory in Islam?
Hajj is found as one of the most important practices in the history of Islam. Allah s.w.t upholds Hajj as one of the five pillars of Islam. Based on the verse, Hajj or pilgrimage is compulsory to each of the individual Muslim who owns istita’ah (ability).
Who built the Kaaba?
Some say that it was built by the angels. Others say the father of humankind, Adam built the Kaba but over many centuries it fell into disrepair and was lost in the mists of time, to be rebuilt by Prophet Abraham and his son Ishmael. All agree that the Kaba was either built or rebuilt by Prophet Abraham.
When did Holy Prophet go to perform Hajj?
The first of these is tawaf in which pilgrims walk around the Ka’ba seven times in an anti-clockwise direction. Muslims believe that the rituals of Hajj have their origin in the time of the prophet Ibrahim (Abraham). Muhammad led the Hajj himself in 632, the year of his death.
How many Hajj did Prophet Muhammad perform?
The prophet Muhammad completed one Hajj in 629 CE. He and his followers had fled to Medina to escape persecution, but never gave up hope of return.
Who are the only people allowed in Mecca?
In Mecca, only Muslims are allowed, while non-Muslims may not enter or pass through.
What is inside the hajj?
The interior contains nothing but the three pillars supporting the roof and a number of suspended silver and gold lamps. During most of the year the Kaaba is covered with an enormous cloth of black brocade, the kiswah. The Kaaba surrounded by pilgrims during the hajj, Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
How do you prepare for hajj?
Here are some essential things pilgrims should prepare before embarking on the Hajj pilgrimage.
- Prepare religious supplies.
- Seek advice from a Hajji and health official.
- Be mindful of weather conditions.
- Prepare essential medication and required vaccinations.
- Be physically prepared.
- Maintain social distancing.
What is buried under the Kaaba?
When Kaaba was reconstructed by Quresh, during which the Holy Kaaba took its cubical shape and Hijr (Hateem) was left outside. Some researchers said that the graves of Hazrat Ismail and his mother Hajrah lie covered underneath the Hijr Ismail.
Who put the black stone in Mecca?
Muhammad. According to Islamic belief Muhammad is credited with setting the Black Stone in the current place in the wall of the Kaaba.
How old is Kaaba?
Since Abraham built al-Ka’ba and called for Hajj 5,000 years ago, its doors have been of interest to kings and rulers throughout the history of Mecca. Historians say that when it was first built, the Kaaba had no door or roof and was simply made of walls.
HomePhilosophyReligion Beliefs in a Higher Power Alternative titles in Islam include the pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, which every adult Muslim is required to do at least once in his or her lifetime (adjdj, hadjhajj, sometimes written adjdjorhadj). The Hajj is the fifth of the essential Muslim rituals and institutions known as the Five Pillars of Islam, which are comprised of five fundamental Muslim activities and institutions. The pilgrimage process begins on the 7th day of Dhi al-Hijjah (the last month of the Islamic calendar year) and concludes on the 12th day of the same month the following year.
A person may undertake the hajj by proxy, designating a family or friend who will be accompanying him or her on the pilgrimage to “stand in” for him or her throughout the journey.
What about sacred places of worship?
Even though the Prophet Muhammad set a pattern for pilgrimage ceremonies, it has evolved with time, and the precise official schedule is rarely rigidly followed to by the vast majority of pilgrims, who regularly visit the numerous Meccan sites out of their appropriate order.
- Until the pilgrimage rite is completed, the pilgrims are not permitted to trim their hair or their nails.
- The pilgrims are reminded of their responsibilities on the seventh day of Dhi al-Hijjah.
- Male pilgrims’ heads are then often shaved, and female pilgrims are typically required to remove a lock of their hair.
- The farewellawf, or circumambulation of the Kaaba, is performed before leaving the city.
- AmellieEach year, around two million people participate in the hajj, which acts as an uniting factor in Islam by bringing Muslims from all walks of life together in religious festivity.
- If the pilgrimage is carried out properly, it is claimed that the devout believer’s earlier misdeeds will be cleansed from his or her memory.
Images courtesy of Associated Press Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Adam Augustyn was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.
Hajj: A Sacred Pillar
The Hajj is a religious pilgrimage undertaken by Muslims to the holy mosque Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, as part of their religious obligations. As one of Islam’s five pillars, it occurs during the month of Dhul Hijjah, which is the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar, and is celebrated on Fridays and Saturdays. As Muslims, doing Hajj in Islam – pilgrimage to Mecca – is a spiritual obligation, provided that we are financially, physically, and emotionally capable of doing so. “You will enter the Sacred Masjid, God willing, totally secure, and you will cut your hair or shorten it (as part of the pilgrimage rites) there,” Allah (SWT) orders us in the Holy Qur’an.
Because He was aware of what you were unaware of, He has combined this with an immediate triumph.” (48:27) For many individuals, taking part in this spiritual pilgrimage is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that they will never forget.
When is Hajj 2021?
The Hajj pilgrimage begins on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah and will last for three weeks. It is slated to commence on Sunday, July 18, 2021, in this year’s edition. Because Islam is based on the lunar calendar, the exact day will vary from year to year.
How long is Hajj?
The Hajj pilgrimage takes place over a period of five or six days, from the eighth to the twelfth or thirteenth of Dhul Hijjah.
What is Hajj in Islam?
Despite the fact that it is a spiritually challenging, emotional, and physically demanding experience, Hajj in Islam provides a chance to refresh our spiritual selves, to cleanse us of our sins, and to renew our confidence in Allah (SWT). Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said that those who do Hajj for the love of Allah and refrain from uttering any obscene word or performing any wicked conduct would return (free of sin) to the place where their mother birthed them. (According to Bukhari; Muslim) However, because of the physical obstacles of each stage of Hajj, as well as the spiritual ceremonies, it is essential to prepare as much as possible before traveling to Mecca.
To perform the Hajj is to go on a long and arduous trip. Every year, the activities of Hajj take place over a ten-day period, beginning on 1 Dhu al-Hijjah and concluding on 10 Dhu al-Hijjah, the twelfth and final month of the Islamic calendar, and lasting from 1 to 10 Dhu al-Hijjah.
Who is excused from Hajj?
First and foremost, only Muslim adults (male or female) are required to conduct the Hajj ritual. This implies that, while children are welcome to participate in Hajj, they are not compelled to do so. Second, Muslims who are physically unable of doing the pilgrimage, such as those who are sick, aged, or otherwise physically weakened, are spared from having to do so. Third, the Muslim must be able to afford to travel to Mecca to conduct Hajj. 2022 Islamic Relief Worldwide, Inc. retains ownership of the copyright and reserves all rights.
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What is the Hajj pilgrimage? – CBBC Newsround
- Although there are particular measures in place this year as part of Saudi Arabia’s efforts to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, there are certain exceptions.
- Watch this video to learn more about the Hajj (2013) More information on why this pilgrimage is so significant in the Islamic religion may be found in the following sections.
- In most years, more than two million Muslims from all around the world will go to Mecca for the annual Hajj pilgrimage ritual.
- This year, only 60,000 Saudi Arabian residents who have received all of their vaccinations have been permitted to participate.
- To be eligible to participate, pilgrims needed to have received two doses of the Covid-19 vaccination, be between the ages of 18 and 65, and fulfill certain health standards.
- What is the purpose of this trip for Muslims?
- These are the five major deeds that every Muslim is supposed to do out throughout their lives.
- In addition to the Hajj, there are several more significant deeds to perform:
- Shahadah – This is a public confession of faith that every Muslim is required to make. Salat – Muslims pray at certain times, five times a day, at specific locations. When people of religion give away a percentage of their money to aid those in need, this is known as Zakat. Sawm – During Ramadan, Muslims fast for a month straight.
- The Ka’bah, which was established by prophet Abraham and his son prophet Ishmael, may be found in the city.
- Located in Mecca, the Ka’bah is Islam’s holiest place, and it represents the unity of God.
- While on the journey, Muslims perform a variety of key rites that are fundamental to their faith.
- Traditionally dressed women must cover their heads, but not their faces, according to the law.
- Photographs courtesy of Getty Images Every year, tens of thousands of Muslims journey to Mecca.
- This is referred to as Tawaf, and it is done in order to demonstrate that all Muslims are equal.
- Muslims believe that Hagar, the prophet Abraham’s wife, did this while she was in quest of water for her baby son Ishmael, according to Islamic tradition.
It is customary for pilgrims to bring water from Zamzam back with them to their homes after returning from their journey.
This is the location where the Prophet Muhammad delivered his farewell speech, and it is also where Muslims come to pray to God for forgiveness and guidance.
In the city of Mina, Muslims also come to a halt before three pillars known as Jamarat.
During the Hajj pilgrimage, Muslims commemorate the celebration of Eid ul-Adha.
The Muslim holiday of Eid ul-Adha commemorates Allah’s request to Abraham, in a dream, to sacrifice his son Ishmael as an act of loyalty to Allah.
What is Hajj and Why is it Important?
During the yearly pilgrimage to Mecca, all capable Muslims are obliged to participate at least once throughout their lifetimes. A total of two million Muslims complete the pilgrimage every year, which is a five-day event that takes place in the final month of the Islamic (lunar) calendar and lasts for five days. The Hajj is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is considered to be a holy occasion in Islamic tradition. In the state of Ihram, a holy state that Muslims must enter in order to complete the pilgrimage, it is prohibited to participate in sexual activity, dispute, use violence, or cut one’s hair or nails.
It is essential for Muslims to maintain their composure in Ihram because of the state’s religious importance, even though they are fatigued from the travel they have undertaken.
Why do Muslims go on Hajj?
The Hajj pilgrimage is a religious requirement that should be fulfilled at least once in the lifetimes of all capable Muslims. It is also thought that the voyage helps Muslims to cleanse themselves of any misdeeds and to start fresh in their relationship with Allah (SWT). Muslims retrace the path taken by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and prophets Ibrahim (AS) and Ismail (AS) before him, as well as the path taken by Hagar, the wife of Ibrahim (AS), who ran seven times between two hills in search of water for her dying son during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
As a result of the significance of Hajj, it is usual for Muslims to explore methods to increase their devotion to Allah (SWT), and one such approach is through the wearing of a headscarf by female pilgrims throughout the pilgrimage (head covering).
What Happens on Hajj?
The pilgrimage to Mecca takes place during the month of Dhul Hijjah, the 12th and final month of the Islamic calendar, and begins two days before Eid ul-Adha and continues through the three-day festival of the sacrifice. This means that the Hajj is performed throughout the course of five days. It is customary in Mecca for a lesser pilgrimage (umrah) to be carried out on the first day of Hajj. When Muslims retrace the steps of Hagar between two hills, it is after they have circled the Kaaba, the edifice located in the center of the Masjid al-Haram, which is the most significant mosque in Islam, that they do the Hagar retracement.
- The day comes to a close with a night spent in the valley of Mina.
- They will also climb Jabal al-Rahma, a summit on where the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) gave his last sermon, as part of their itinerary.
- While there is the option of taking a bus, many Muslims prefer to walk the route.
- Men will also shave their heads, while women will cut a lock of hair as a symbol of rebirth and rebirth.
During the three days of Eid ul-Adha, Muslims will not only complete the Hajj journey but will also carry out the ritual sacrificial slaughter of cattle and distribute shares of meat to the needy, as is customary in Islamic tradition.
Who Goes on Hajj?
Each and every Muslim who is physically capable, of sound mind, and financially capable is required to do the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetime, according to Islamic law. Those who successfully perform the journey are entitled to use the title of Hajji after their name. It is derived from the Arabic word hajj, which means “to intend a voyage,” and it is from this word that the pilgrimage gets its name. Children are not required to do Hajj because they are not regarded capable of doing so at this time.
Having said that, children are welcome to participate in the Hajj alongside their parent or guardian, and the fruits of the journey will be conferred upon them as well.
When is Hajj 2021?
In 2021, Hajj is scheduled to begin on Saturday, July 17, and finish in the evening of Thursday, July 22, in conjunction with the Islamic holiday of Eid ul-Adha. Nonetheless, while the Covid-19 outbreak persists, it is unclear whether it will be possible for large numbers of Muslims to travel to Mecca for Hajj this year — just as the journey to Mecca in 2020 was also jeopardized. Muslims are advised to get travel advice from the Saudi Arabian government as well as from the government of the nation from where they would be departing on their journey.
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The wonderful spiritual pilgrimage known as Hajj is something that every Muslim wishes to partake in. There are several aspects that pertain to participating in Hajj and the rites conducted while in the holy city of Mecca, and we have compiled them all here for your convenience. Despite the fact that there are specific activities that must be performed, a very significant aspect of conducting the pilgrimage with the best intentions is a very vital part of Hajj. Taking place once a year, there is a great deal of information available on Hajj, including a number of vital Hajj facts that all Muslims should be aware of before to going on the trip.
The following tutorial will assist you in understanding what Hajj is and why it is so important, regardless of whether you are a revert or simply have a curiosity in learning more.
What Is Hajj?
- The wonderful spiritual pilgrimage known as Hajj is something that every Muslim dreams of experiencing. Many intricacies surround the Hajj pilgrimage and the rites conducted while in the holy city of Mecca, and we have compiled them all here for your convenience. A very essential component of the Hajj is to conduct the voyage with the best of intentions, despite the fact that some deeds must be performed. Taking place only a year, there is a plethora of material available about Hajj, including a number of vital Hajj facts that all Muslims should be aware of before going on the trip to Mecca. For our Brothers and Sisters, this guide to Hajj facts will describe the most significant aspects to assist them prepare for and become more familiar with the pilgrimage of Hajj, as well as the intricate and vital rites that take place during the journey. The following information will assist you in understanding what Hajj is and why it is so essential, whether you are a convert or simply have an interest.
How Do Your Prepare for Hajj?
- Before crossing the Miqat frontier, Muslims are obliged to enter a state of purity and dress in the appropriate attire, a process known as Ihram, before crossing the border. In the case of males, they dress in two pieces of simple white sheeting, which they use to wrap themselves around themselves, leaving the right shoulder uncovered. In the case of women, they have the option of wearing the white sheet or dressing in modest attire of any color, with only their faces and hands visible. To reach the state of Ihram, you must have completed your personal hygiene rituals, which include trimming your nails and removing hair from beneath your armpits and naval, and you must have done Ghusl or Wudhu if Ghusl is not possible. If you are traveling, you should make your intention Niyyah at the Miqat or near by if you are not. The intention can be uttered loudly or held in your heart. Following that, the Talbiyah is said. As soon as all of the ceremonies are performed, pilgrims reach the state of Ihram, where they are known as Muhrim.
What Happens at Hajj?
- Before crossing the Miqat barrier, Muslims are obliged to enter a state of purity and dress in the appropriate attire, a process known as Ihram, before crossing the boundary. In the case of males, they dress in two pieces of simple white sheeting, which they use to wrap themselves around their bodies, leaving the right shoulder unaffected. It is entirely up to women whether to wear the white sheet or to dress in modest attire of any color, with only their faces and hands visible. If you want to enter the state of Ihram, you must have completed your personal hygiene rituals, which include cutting your nails and removing hair from beneath your armpits and naval, as well as Ghusl or Wudhu if Ghusl is not possible. If you are traveling, you should make your intention Niyyah at the Miqat or near by if you are not. The intention can be uttered loudly or held in the heart. After that, the Talbiyah is said. The pilgrims enter the state of Ihram and are referred to as Muhrim once all ceremonies have been accomplished
- Fasting on the Day of Arafat is traditionally regarded as a spiritual rite for Muslims
- However, pilgrims who are in attendance at Mount Arafat are not advised to do so. Until properly conduct Wuquf al-Arafat, you must be present at Mount Arafat for a period of time ranging from midday on day 2 to the beginning of Fajr on day 3
- Otherwise, the ritual will be invalid. On day 2, you will spend the most of your time in Salah, offering your supplications, reciting Talbiyah, reading the Qur’an, and interacting with Allah (SWT). No time should be spent when eating, conversing, or relaxing because it is regarded to be the most significant aspect of the Hajj journey. After dusk, you will be authorized to leave Arafat and travel to Muzdalifah, where you will do the Maghrib Salah, which is the last prayer of the day. The fact that you performed this Salah in Arafat is irrelevant, and you will be required to repeat the process. However, you must not cross the border into Arafat until the sun has completely set if you begin your journey towards Muzdalifah before dusk.
- The third day is the first day of Eid and is referred to as the Day of Sacrifice because of the great number of animals that are killed on this day. The fourth day is the last day of Eid. There are some rituals that must be performed in a certain order on this day or between the sunrise of this day (the 10 th) and the sunset of the 12 thday of Dhul Hijjah in order to be legitimate
- These rituals are as follows:
- A stone pelting ceremony is performed at the largest pillar, known as Jamarah al-Aqaba, and only the largest pillar is used in this rite. This pillar is positioned at the Jamarat and is the one that is closest to Mecca
- The three pillars or walls are located at the location where the devil came to Prophet Ibrahim in human form in an effort to mislead him and entice him away from Allah’s (SWT) direction. It is time for the animal sacrifice once the Rami (pelting) of the greatest pillar has taken place. Prophet Ibrahim repelled the demon by hurling stones at him, and he fled. Qurbani is the term used to describe this ritual, which is normally conducted on the pilgrim’s behalf as planned by their tour organization. Qurbani is the sacrifice of a goat, sheep, cow, or camel, the proceeds of which are divided among the pilgrim, their family or neighbours, as well as the impoverished and needy people in the surrounding community. In order to ensure that they may participate in the Eid celebrations with the rest of the Ummah, many Muslims prefer to donate their Qurbani to those in greatest need. After the sacrifice is made, Muslims proceed to have their hair shaved (Halq, for males) or trimmed (Halq, for women) (Taqsir, for women). This can be performed in Mina, Mecca, or Muzdalifah, but it must be completed before sunset on the 12th day of Dhul Hijjah and within the boundaries of Haram, or else a fine will be imposed. The final ritual is the performance of Tawaf al-Ziyarah, which can only be completed after the hair has been cut
- Otherwise, a fine will be imposed. This ritual entails performing seven circuits of Tawaf around the Holy Kabaa inside Masjid Al-Haram, followed by two Rakats of Salah and drinking the Zamzam water
- Once the sacrifice is completed, the hair has been cut, and you have performed Tawaf al-Ziyarah, you are permitted to leave the spiritual state of Ihram
- However, you are not permitted to leave the spiritual state of Ihram until you have performed Tawaf al-Ziyara If you leave the state of Ihram, you should return to Mina unless you have a legitimate cause to remain in Mecca
- Otherwise, you should return to Mina.
- The fourth to sixth days (which are still referred to as the Days of Drying Meat) are the days of celebration, but there are a few rituals that must be completed before the celebration can begin
- Fourth to sixth days (which are still known as the Days of Drying Meat) are the days of celebration, however there are a few rites that need to be accomplished before the celebration may take place
- After this goodbye Tawaf, the journey to Mecca and Medina will be completed.
Why Is Hajj Important?
- By performing Umrah four times and Hajj once throughout his lifetime, it is following in the footsteps of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). When Muslims do Hajj, they enter a state of holiness known as Ihram, which is a state of complete purity of both the mind and the body. Hajj is a custom that dates back thousands of years and is a religious obligation for all Muslims who are capable of making the trek.
More Hajj Facts
- In 2016, almost 3 million pilgrims participated in the Hajj. The number of pilgrims visiting decreased for the next several years, but increased to about 2.5 million in 2019. The Hajj in 2020 has been postponed in order to avoid the spread of COVID19, and the number of pilgrims is projected to increase starting next year. Hajj, like other events on the Islamic Calendar, does not have a set date in the Gregorian Calendar, but rather follows the lunar cycle. This year, the festival of Qurbani takes place on the first day of Eid ul-Adha, during Hajj, and begins on the tenth day of Dhul Hijjah. Hajj is a significant aspect of Islam, and only Muslims are permitted to participate. The Saudi Arabian government has decreed that non-Muslims are not permitted to enter the holy city of Mecca at any time.
Although the rituals and customs of the pilgrimage to Mecca are numerous, we hope that the Hajj facts described above will serve as a guide for the most essential things to keep in mind when beginning on the journey. We wish you success in your Hajj, and we pray that Allah (SWT) provides Muslims all throughout the world with the chance to attend their Hajj. If you are considering making the pilgrimage to Mecca in the coming year, may you travel safely and return home as quickly as possible.
If you are unable to do Hajj, you can still perform Qurbani through Muslim Aid. More information about the worldwide issues we support, such as Qurbani, Zakat, and assisting those in the Ummah who are in dire need, may be found on our appeal sites.
Virtues of Dhul Hijjah
There are several approaches that may be taken in order to answer this issue, and any of them can be considered good responses. The Hajj is a spiritual trip unlike any other in the world. It is customary to hear or watch live images of the millions of pilgrims pouring to Mecca, Mina, and Muzdalfah during the month of Dhul Hijja, which takes place every year during the month of Dhul Hijja. Over three million pilgrims participated in Hajj last year, and it is believed that the number would increase even further in 2019.
- Hajj, like Salat, Sawm, and Zakat, is a religious obligation.
- And because it is the mandate of Allah (SWT), the Creator of all things, it is the responsibility of every Muslim to ensure that they do Hajj while they have the opportunity.
- These pillars are at the heart of Islamic religion and form its foundation.
- This is something that every Muslim must do right in order to be recognized as a follower of the Islamic faith.
- As a result, people travel to Mecca to seek the blessings of Allah (SWT) and to follow in His footsteps.
- Muslims who travel to Mecca for Hajj are also granted forgiveness by Allah, the Most Merciful.
- Muslim Aid would like to wish everyone now on way to Mecca, as well as those who have already arrived, a safe, fast, and unforgettable Hajj trip.
Q&A: The Hajj Pilgrimage and Its Significance in Islam
Sunday marks the commencement of the five-day Hajj pilgrimage for more than 2 million Muslims from all over the world, according to official estimates. Their journey will take them around Islam’s holiest site, the cube-shaped Kaaba in the Saudi Arabian city of Mecca, where they will participate in a series of rites designed to foster greater humility and togetherness among Muslims. A glance at the pilgrimage and what it represents for Muslims is provided here. What exactly is the objective of the Hajj pilgrimage?
- The Hajj is viewed as an opportunity to purify one’s soul of past misdeeds and begin anew.
- Although the Hajj is physically demanding, many pilgrims use canes or crutches to traverse the routes, despite the fact that it is quite hot.
- Others risk their entire lives in order to complete the trek.
- The annual Hajj journey to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, begins Aug.
- What is the Hajj’s historical background?
- Muslims believe God put Ibrahim’s faith to the test when he told him to sacrifice his only son Ismail, according to tradition.
- In both the Christian and Jewish versions of the tale, Abraham is commanded to kill his second son, Isaac, since he is a threat to society.
According to legend, God then brought out a spring that continues to flow to this day.
What is it about the Kaaba that is so significant to Muslims?
As a result of the reconstruction work, the Kaaba has drawn a variety of pilgrims over the years, including early Christians who resided in the Arabian Peninsula.
Despite the fact that Muslims do not worship the Kaaba, it is Islam’s most sacred location since it represents the symbolic home of God as well as the unity of God in the Islamic faith.
The Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, where Muslim pilgrims are preparing for the annual Hajj pilgrimage, is seen on Aug.
Every year, millions of people come to participate in the annual Islamic pilgrimage.
“Ihram” refers to a condition of spiritual purity in which pilgrims are encouraged to discard materialistic symbols, give up worldly pleasures, and place greater emphasis on the inner self rather than outer appearance.
Any stitching on the white clothes is prohibited, a limitation intended to stress the equality of all Muslims while also preventing wealthy pilgrims from distinguishing themselves with more complex outfits.
Additionally, it is prohibited for pilgrims at the Hajj to argue, fight, or lose their cool during the ritual.
The first day of the Hajj pilgrimage The Hajj generally begins in Mecca with a lesser pilgrimage known as the “umrah,” which can be completed at any time of year.
The Kaaba and the two hills are included in the Grand Mosque of Mecca, which is the biggest mosque in the world.
The second day of Hajj has arrived.
They make their way up a hill known as Jabal al-Rahma, which translates as “Mountain of Mercy.” It was here that Muhammad delivered his farewell sermon, in which he called for equality as well as for the unity of Muslims.
Pilgrims go from Arafat about nightfall for a location known as Muzdalifa, which is 9 kilometers (5.5 miles) west of the city.
Muslims believe that the devil attempted to convince Ibrahim not to surrender to God’s will, and they spend the night there, picking up stones along the road that will be used in a symbolic stoning of the demon back in Mina.
3, 2017, two children pose for the camera as they are pushed by their father, who is walking to hurl stones at three massive stone pillars as part of the symbolic stoning of the devil, during the Hajj, just outside the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
In the Hajj, the final three days are highlighted by three events: a final circumambulation of the Kaaba, the throwing of stones in Mina, and the removal of the ihram.
The last days of Hajj fall on the same day as Eid al-Adha, also known as the festival of sacrifice, which is observed by Muslims all over the world to remember Ibrahim’s trial by fire. On the three-day Eid holiday, Muslims kill cattle and give the meat to the less fortunate among them.
Hajj: The journey that all Muslims must make in their lifetime
Budak Kelantan’s photo is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 license. Every year, more than two million Muslims go to Saudi Arabia to see their relatives and friends. They are going to undertake a ritual known as Hajj (say “HA-dge”). Historically, Muslims have done this for hundreds of years! It’s possible that there will be a limit on the number of persons who can attend this year. For more information on how this unique practice has been followed for generations, continue reading this article.
What is Hajj?
People praying at the Grand Mosque in Mecca, the holiest city in Islam. (Photo courtesy of the Saudi Ministry of Hajj and Umra/Getty Images) ) Hajj is a pilgrimage, or voyage, that every Muslim must do at least once throughout his or her life. But only if they can afford it and are in good enough health will they be able to do so. It is considered to be one of the five pillars of Islam (the religion Muslims follow). These five pillars are significant aspects of how Muslims conduct their religious lives.
When is Hajj?
The Abraj Al-Bait tower, located in Saudi Arabia, provides a panoramic view of the Great Mosque of Mecca. (Photo courtesy of Abdulghani Essa/Getty Images) ) The pilgrimage to Mecca takes place in the last month of the Islamic calendar. It is the year of the alunar calendar. That is, the number of days in a month is determined by the phases of the moon. As a result, the Islamic year is approximately 11 days shorter than the calendar that you use in class. The Gregorian calendar is the name given to this calendar.
On the Gregorian calendar, the date is moved back approximately 10 days every year.
What do you do during Hajj?
On the outskirts of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is the Abraj Al-Bait tower, which overlooks the Great Mosque. Image courtesy of Abdulghani Essa/Getty Images. ) The pilgrimage to Mecca takes place in the final month of the Islamic year. The calendar is based on the alunar cycle. Therefore, the number of days in a month is determined by the phases of the moon. Accordingly, the Islamic calendar is approximately 11 days shorter than the calendar used in school. The Gregorian calendar is the name given to this one.
On the Gregorian calendar, it shifts back approximately 10 days every year.
1. Circle the Kaaba
Pilgrims walk around the Kaaba while maintaining a social distance from one another. (Photo courtesy of STR/Getty Images) ) Within Mecca’s Great Mosque, the Kaaba is a massive square structure at the center of the complex. During the Hajj, travelers must circumambulate the Kaaba seven times in the counterclockwise direction.
The Kaaba will remain on their left side as a result of this. Muslims across the world pray five times a day, no matter where they are in the world. They are orientated in the direction of Mecca’s Kaaba. It is considered to be the most significant structure in the Islamic religion.
2. Walk and run between Al-Safa and Al-Marwa
Muslim pilgrims make their way between the hills of Marwa and Safah. (Photo courtesy of Roslan Eahman/Getty Images) ) Pilgrims must walk or sprint seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwa to complete the journey. People who are elderly or who have mobility challenges may find it challenging to navigate the process. Wheelchairs and motorized carts are now available upon request.
3. Ask for forgiveness
Pilgrims from all over the world come to pray atop the Mountain of Mercy, which overlooks the Arafat Plain. (Photo courtesy of STR/Getty Images) ) Pilgrims flock to Mount Arafat, a mountaintop outside of Mecca that is sacred to Islam. Wuquf is a type of performance that they do here. This is the place where travelers come to seek Allah (God) for forgiveness for whatever sins they may have committed in the past. It is customary for them to remain and worship at the mount from midday till sundown.
If a pilgrim does not do the wuquf, his or her Hajj is not considered valid.
4. Throw pebbles
Muslim pilgrims in the city of Mina have thrown stones at the three pillars of the mosque. (Photo courtesy of Getty Images) Pilgrims hurl pebbles at three pillars known as Jamarat in the city of Mina. They do this in order to pay tribute to the Prophet Ibrahim’s life tale (Abraham). Muslims believe that by tossing stones at the devil at the same location, he was able to drive him away.
The Embassy of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
(Oh Lord, here I am at your service, here I am – here I am.) (I am at your service, oh Lord.) You don’t have a partner at all. I’m right here. You truly deserve all of the acclaim and favor in the world, as well as all of the sovereignty. You don’t have a partner, do you? These are the words screamed by almost two million individuals from all across Saudi Arabia and the world, who are being drawn, as if by a magnet, to a single location on the surface of the planet. Every year for the past 14 centuries, Muslim pilgrims have gathered in Makkah to perform rites that are modeled on those performed by the Prophet Muhammad during his last visit to the city.
- Muslims who are physically and financially capable of making the trek to Makkah are required to do the Hajj at least once in their lifetime.
- In order to exclude individuals who cannot withstand the hardships of lengthy travel, the criterion that a Muslim be in good health and physically capable of making the trip is supposed to be relaxed.
- In contrast to Umrah, the smaller pilgrimage, which may be carried out at any time of the year, Hajj must be carried out over a five-day period from the ninth to the thirteenth of Dhu Al-Hijjah, the twelfth month of the Muslim lunar calendar.
- This was due to the difficulties that were met, the amount of time that the travel took, and the money that was incurred during the journey.
- King Abdul Aziz Ibn Abdul Rahman Al-Saud, founder of the present Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, was the first to see a marked improvement in the Hajj’s conditions during his reign.
- Facilities and services targeted at improving housing, health care, sanitation, and transportation were also put in place as part of this effort.
- Hardship was previously expected and suffered as part of the pilgrimage process, and Muslims who started on this journey usually designated a family or trusted member of the community to act as executor of their wills in the event that they did not return.
Today’s pilgrims are free to concentrate only on the spiritual side of the Hajj since they do not have to struggle with the distractions that their forefathers had.
Preparing to Welcome the Guests of God
“It is truly amazing,” said Rajeeb Razul, a journalist from the Philippines, as he stood on the roof of the Ministry of Information building near the Nimera Mosque in Arafat, watching a column of pilgrims that stretched as far as Mina, nearly eight miles away, make their way past the mosque and toward the Mount of Mercy. “It is truly amazing,” said Rajeeb Razul, a journalist from the Philippines, as he stood on the roof of the Ministry of In his words, “to plan a gathering of this size, for lodging them, for feeding them, and for providing their every need year after year must seem like a mammoth effort.” Serving God’s visitors is considered a privilege in Saudi Arabia, which devotes a large amount of labor and financial resources to ensuring that the trip is conducted properly.
The Muslim world has spent billions of dollars over the past four decades on projects such as the expansion of the Holy Mosque in Makkah and the Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah, as well as the construction of new airports, seaports, highways, accommodation, and other facilities and services for pilgrimage.
As a result, the Kingdom has established a massive organization that is overseen by the Supreme Haj Committee, which reports to King Fahd Ibn Abdul Aziz, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, who is customarily present in Makkah during the pilgrimage.
In their own areas of competence, each of these groups takes on the responsibility for specific initiatives.
The Ministry of Health is in charge of medical services, and the Ministry of Information is in charge of hosting journalists and members of the media from other countries who are covering the pilgrimage, as well as arranging for live satellite transmissions of the rituals to be broadcast around the world.
Once the plans for the next Hajj have been approved, they are forwarded to the relevant government agency, which begins work on putting them into effect as soon as possible.
Once completed, the project is inspected few weeks before the pilgrimage begins.
A Vast Brotherhood
It is considered by many Muslims to be the spiritual zenith of their lives, one that offers a clear knowledge of their relationship with God as well as their purpose on this planet. In addition to providing a Muslim with certainty that he has fulfilled the fifth pillar of Islam by walking in the footsteps of Muhammad, it also helps him to realize that he is a member of an ummah (nation) that numbers more than one billion people and spans the whole globe. When the pilgrim arrives in the Kingdom, this sensation is restored back to him or her.
During the process of being processed through the arrival hall, the pilgrim begins to lose his or her identity as he or she stands amidst a sea of people dressed in Ihram, the two seamless pieces of white cotton that men wear and the simple, generally white, attire that women wear during the process.
Suddenly, the pilgrim is simply, and above all, a Muslim, and the knowledge gradually dawns on him that he is now more than ever concentrating on the faces of other people rather than their clothing.
As the pilgrims are ushered through customs by active young Saudis, he observes Arabs, Indians, Bosnians, Chinese, Spaniards, Africans, Laotians, French, Americans, and a slew of other nationalities passing through.
Arriving in Makkah
Before proceeding to Makkah, the pilgrims are already clothed in Ihram, or they may do so in Miqat, where specific facilities have been put up for this purpose, before continuing on. A condition of spirituality and cleanliness is achieved by putting the Ihram on the pilgrim’s person. Pilgrims board one of the 15,000 buses that have been allotted to the Hajj on the journey from Jeddah to Makkah, which is traveled over a new expressway. Eventually, this massive concourse of cars will arrive at Mina, which is about four miles northwest of Makkah and where the vast majority of pilgrims will be accommodated in the hundreds of air-conditioned tents that stretch to the outskirts of Mina Valley.
A large number of kitchens are scattered across Mina, preparing food that is then distributed throughout the tents.
There are hundreds of medical clinics in Makkah and Arafat that serve as a complement to the hospitals in those cities.
Despite the apparent signage and numbered rows, some pilgrims, particularly the elderly, have a tendency to become disoriented and require assistance in locating their tents or groups of friends.
The Rites of Pilgrimage
The trek to Arafat begins just after daybreak on the ninth day of the Islamic calendar month of Dhu Al-Hajjah, when a large crowd of about two million people begins walking the eight kilometers from Muzdalifah to the Plain of Arafat. The Prophet established a custom of offering the midday and afternoon prayers in the Nimerah Mosque, and many people continue to do so. When the pilgrim arrives in Arafat about midday, he or she is surprised to discover the broad plain blanketed by what looks to be a dense fog, despite the fact that the temperature is hovering above 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Millions of containers of cooled water are delivered to pilgrims along the pilgrim route by refrigerated vehicles stationed along the route.
- Those who are in more critical condition are transported to hospitals by helicopter.
- They also pay a visit to the Mount of Mercy, where they implore God’s pardon for whatever sins they may have done as well as blessings.
- This torrent of humanity retraces its steps back toward Makkah after sunset, but it comes to a halt near Muzdalifah until the first rays of sunlight rise on the eastern horizon.
- When they get at the valley, they travel over a two-level pedestrian walkway that is approximately 100 yards wide in order to reach the three stone pillars known as the Jamarat, which are supposed to depict Satan.
- While walking down the walkway, pilgrims join those already at the pillar and, after throwing their pebbles into the air, loop back to the exit ramp in the direction of Makkah to complete their journey.
- Once in Makkah, the pilgrims trek approximately four miles via pedestrian walkways to the Ka’abah in the Holy Mosque, where they circumambulate the Ka’abah seven times counter-clockwise to complete the tawaf.
- Pilgrims who are male are obliged to shave their heads after that, however cutting a lock of hair is permissible for both men and women at this point.
- In contemporary abattoirs, around 600,000 animals are slaughtered each year during the three-day Eid celebrations.
- The distribution of this sacrificial meat is made to individuals in need in more than 30 different nations.
- Pilgrims move out of Ihram and into their regular attire, but they remain in Mina for Eid Al-Adha, the feast that marks the end of the Hajj and the beginning of the Ramadan.
While not compulsory as part of the Hajj, the Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah is visited by the majority of pilgrims during their journey to the Kingdom.
A Spiritual Journey
Over the course of the Hajj, which is the world’s biggest yearly gathering of people, there are no disputes or altercations among the pilgrims, which is a rare occurrence. Courtesy and willingness to assist others are expected. Peace, tranquillity, and religious devotion characterize the whole trip as well as the pilgrims themselves. A powerful sense of having undergone a life-altering spiritual experience is felt by the traveler at the completion of the Hajj rite. He returns home with a sense of accomplishment for having successfully completed a ritual committed to God and for being a member of a large group of individuals who share the same religious convictions.
Explaining the Muslim pilgrimage of hajj
Around 1.7 million Muslims have congregated in the Saudi Arabian holy city of Mecca for the annual pilgrimage known as the hajj, which takes place every year. It is mandatory for all Muslims who have the physical and financial means to make the five-day trek to Mecca to do the Hajj once in their lives to complete the voyage. As a result, what exactly is the hajj and what is its spiritual importance are you wondering?
The fifth pillar
Mecca becomes a melting pot of Muslims from across the world during the penultimate month of the Muslim lunar year. They come from nations as different as Indonesia, Russia, India, Cuba, Fiji, United States, Nigeria, and many more! Pilgrims with white clothing make their way to Plymouth Rock. Al Jazeera English, Creative Commons BY-NC Pilgrims dress in simple white clothing with no embellishments. Men wear in attire that is seamless and unstitched, while women dress in simple white gowns and headscarves.
It is said that the pilgrimage is the fifth pillar of Islamic practice (the other four being the profession of faith, five daily prayers, charity andthe fast of Ramadan).
The first day of the hajj
Pilgrims begin by circumambulating seven times around the “Holy Kaaba,” the black, cube-shaped temple of God (located in the heart of the most important mosque in Mecca). Muslims see the Kaaba as a sacred site that should not be overlooked. Muslims are supposed to face the Kaaba when doing their daily prayers in every corner of the world, including the United States. Pilgrims are required to follow specific guidelines as they are making their way around the Kaaba. During the journey, they are also permitted to kiss, touch, or approach the Kaaba as a symbol of their reverence and continued commitment to Allah.
According to Muslim tradition, the Kaaba contains the black stone upon which Ibrahim was summoned to sacrifice his son Ismail.
Pilgrims then go on a traditional walking journey to the hills known as “Safa” and “Marwah,” which are around 100 meters from the Kaaba.
As soon as Hajar and her newborn baby Ismail were born, God told Ibrahim to take them out into the desert and abandon them there.
For her perseverance, God rewarded Hajar by sending his angel Jibreel to expose a spring, which is now known as the “Zamzam Well.” Pilgrims drink from the hallowed well and may even carry some water home with them as a blessing.
The second day of the hajj
Pilgrims offering prayers at Arafat’s tomb. Al Jazeera English, Creative Commons BY-SA The hajj “climaxes” with a visit to the Arafat plains, which are located near Mecca. It is there that pilgrims congregate in tents, where they spend time with one another and pray. Some pilgrims will climb a peak known as the “Mount of Mercy,” from where Prophet Muhammad delivered his final sermon at the end of his life, as part of their journey. They then continue to an open plain near Mecca, which is frequently regarded as the climax of the pilgrimage by many.
As a scholar of global Islam, I have conducted interviews with persons who have participated in the hajj during my fieldwork.
Many pilgrims report feeling a strong sense of closeness to God when standing on the Arafat plains.
Final three days
Following that, pilgrims travel to Mina, popularly known as the Tent City, which is located around five kilometers from the holy city of Mecca. Another element of the tale of Ibrahim’s test of faith in the sacrifice of his son is reenacted here by the actors on the stage. They recollect how Satan attempted to persuade Ibrahim to ignore God’s command to sacrifice his son Ismail, but Ibrahim refused. Ibrahim, on the other hand, remained unaffected and alerted Ismail, who was eager to be sacrificed, of what was happening.
- They then proceed to accompany Ibrahim as he performs the ritual of sacrifice.
- On this day, Muslims all across the globe sacrifice an animal in honor of the Prophet Muhammad.
- Al Jazeera English, CC BY-SAMUEL pilgrims spend the following few days retracing their steps around Mina (at least six more times) and circumambulating the Holy Kaaba in Mecca in order to atone for their sins (at least once more).
- The hajj is supposed to be a means of cleansing Muslim pilgrims of any prior sins if they are carried out properly.
Creating one Muslim community
The hajj is a tremendous organizational undertaking on the part of the Saudi government. The effective execution of the yearly event is plagued by issues such as crowd control, security, traffic, and tensions, all of which are continually under question. In 2015, a horrific stampede claimed the lives of 700 people. There are also continuing disputes in the following areas: Some Shia nations, such as Iran, have levied allegations against Sunni-Saudi authorities, saying that they have discriminated against them.
Many Muslims have called on the Body of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), an intergovernmental organization, to convene an international, multi-partisan council to organize the pilgrimage in order to address these concerns.
After all, the hajj is every individual Muslim’s single most important symbolic ritual act, which serves to symbolize the ideal of togetherness.
With its requirement that Muslims dress same clothing, pray in identical locations, and execute identical rites, Hajj helps to build a global Muslim community that is free from social and economic inequalities.