What Is Islam About? (Question)

The word “Islam” means “submission to the will of God.” Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God, who in Arabic is known as Allah. Followers of Islam aim to live a life of complete submission to Allah. They believe that nothing can happen without Allah’s permission, but humans have free will.

What are the 6 key beliefs of Islam?

  • However, the “Six Articles of Faith” summarizes Islamic beliefs about God, angels, prophets, the Qu’ran, the afterlife, and predestination. Allah In the religion of Islam, belief in Allah is the single most important tenet. Islamic Beliefs About Creation In Islamic doctrine, the universe is the result of the direct work of Allah.

What is the main message of Islam?

Monotheism (Tawhid ): The main message of Islam is monotheism. Belief in monotheism is the cornerstone of the Islamic faith. Muslims believe that all the Prophets sent by God to humanity shared the same central message, and that was the message of monotheism.

What are the 6 main beliefs of Islam?

Muslims have six main beliefs.

  • Belief in Allah as the one and only God.
  • Belief in angels.
  • Belief in the holy books.
  • Belief in the Prophets e.g. Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Dawud (David), Isa (Jesus).
  • Belief in the Day of Judgement
  • Belief in Predestination

What is the basic story of Islam?

In Arabic, Islam means “surrender,” or “submission,” to the will of God. Islam was founded by the prophet Mohammed, who was born in Mecca around A.D. 570 and settled in Medina around 622. Muslims believe Mohammed was the last and most important in a series of prophets, including Abraham, Moses and Jesus.

What are the 7 main beliefs of Islam?

These basic beliefs shape the Islamic way of life.

  • 1 Belief in the Oneness of God.
  • 2 Belief in the Angels of God.
  • 3 Belief in the Revelations (Books) of God.
  • 4 Belief in the Prophets of God.
  • 5 Belief in the Day of Judgment.
  • 6 Belief in Premeasurement (Qadar)
  • 7 Belief in Resurrection after Death.

Who wrote the Quran?

The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.

What do Muslims do?

The Islamic faith These are professing one’s faith; praying five times a day; giving zakat, or donating a certain portion of one’s wealth; fasting during Ramadan; and making a pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Each of these pillars is an important part of being Muslim.

How does the Quran differ from the Bible?

The Bible is for the Christians and the Jews while the Quran is for the Muslims. The Bible is a collection of writings from different authors while the Quran is a recitation from its one and only prophet, Muhammad. Both the Bible and the Quran are guides of its believers towards spirituality and moral righteousness.

Does Islam celebrate Christmas?

“Islam teaches to respect others’ values and culture. As Muslims, we don’t celebrate Christmas but as a member of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community, we help people attend church services, take part in food drives and try to help and play a part in the joy of those individuals who are celebrating alone.

What is the destiny of Islam?

Muslims believe that destiny is something that Allah has written for us and we should subject ourselves in all humility to accept whatever Allah has destined for us whether is beneficial or harmful to us.

What is interesting about Islam?

Islam Facts The word “Islam” means “submission to the will of God.” Followers of Islam are called Muslims. Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God, who in Arabic is known as Allah. Followers of Islam aim to live a life of complete submission to Allah.

What does the Quran teach us?

Here is what the Quranic verses teach us about behaving:

  • Respect People Of All Faiths And Beliefs.
  • We Must Not Be Proud.
  • Do Not Eat And Drink In Excessive Amount.
  • Keep Fighting And Striving For What You Wish To Achieve.
  • Stay Away From Corruption.
  • Honoring Guests.
  • Speak Kindly When Speaking To The Needy.

What is Islam for kids?

Islam is an Arabic word meaning submission and obedience. It comes from a word meaning peace. Like Christians and Jews, Muslims are monotheistic which means they only believe in one God, who they call Allah. Muslims believe Jesus was a prophet. Jerusalem is a holy city to Muslims as it is to Christians and Jews too.

What are the 5 rules of Islam?

The Five Pillars are the core beliefs and practices of Islam:

  • Profession of Faith (shahada). The belief that “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God” is central to Islam.
  • Prayer (salat).
  • Alms (zakat).
  • Fasting (sawm).
  • Pilgrimage (hajj).

What Islam teaches us about respect?

“Islam is a religion of peace and love. Islam teaches us to respect people of different races and beliefs,” he wrote. “I live in a state with various races and religions, and I was taught by my forefathers to respect all of them.”

Who is Allah in the Bible?

Allah, Arabic Allāh ( “God” ), the one and only God in Islam. Etymologically, the name Allah is probably a contraction of the Arabic al-Ilāh, “the God.” The name’s origin can be traced to the earliest Semitic writings in which the word for god was il, el, or eloah, the latter two used in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament).


Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century CE propagated Islam, which is a prominent international religion. The Arabic termislam, which literally translates as “submission,” illustrates the essential theological notion of Islam: that the believer (also known as a Muslim, from the active component ofislam) accepts surrender to the will ofAllah (in Arabic, Allah is translated as “God”). According to Islam, Allah is the one God, who is the creator, sustainer, and restorer of the universe.

In Islam, Muhammad is regarded as the final prophet in a line of prophets that includes Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Solomon, and Jesus, and his teaching both summarizes and completes the “revelations” credited to preceding prophets, according to Islamic tradition.

By the beginning of the twenty-first century, there were more than 1.5 billion Muslims in the globe.

Britannica QuizIslam What is your level of knowledge about the Prophet Muhammad?

With this quiz, you may see how well you know about Islam.

The history of the numerous peoples who have adopted Islam is also discussed in the article Islamic world.

The foundations of Islam

When Islam was first introduced to the world, Muhammad instilled in his followers an understanding of brotherhood as well as a shared commitment to their faith. These qualities contributed to the development among his followers of a strong sense of closeness that was heightened by their experiences of persecution as a fledgling community in Mecca. It was only through a deep devotion to the teachings of the Qur’anic revelation and the evident socioeconomic substance of Islamic religious activities that this bond of faith could be strengthened.

The religion of Islam developed its distinctive ethos during this early period, as a religion that encompassed both the spiritual and temporal aspects of life, and that sought to regulate not only the individual’s relationship with God (through conscience), but also human relationships in a social setting.

Select Muslim intellectuals did not differentiate between the religious (private) and the secular (public) until the twentieth century, and only in some countries, such as Turkey, was the distinction formalized.

This dual religious and social character of Islam, which manifests itself in one way as a religious community commissioned by God to bring its own value system to the world through theji After the Prophet’s death in 632ce, they had placed a huge portion of the world under the control of a new ArabMuslim empire, stretching from Spain to Central Asia and India.

  1. Islam’s fundamental equality within the community of the faithful, as well as its explicit discrimination against adherents of other religions, attracted a large number of recruits quickly.
  2. They were, however, obligated to pay a per capita tax known as jizyah, as contrast to pagans, who were forced to either adopt Islam or die as a result of their refusal.
  3. During the period after the 12th century, the Sufis (Muslim mystics) were largely responsible for the spread of Islam in India, Central Asia, Turkey, and sub-Saharan Africa, as well as other parts of the world (see below).
  4. Islam was brought to Indonesia in the 14th century, but it had little time to establish a political foothold in the country before the region fell under the control of the Dutch.
  5. All elements of Muslim society, on the other hand, are united by a shared religious belief and a sense of belonging to a single community of believers.

In the mid-20th century, the religion of Islam aided many Muslim peoples across their quest for political independence, and the oneness of Islam led to subsequent political solidarity in the world.

Sources of Islamic doctrinal and social views

In Islamic theology, law, and thinking in general, four sources, or essential principles (ul), are relied upon: (1) the Qur’an, (2) the Sunnah (or “Traditions”), (3) the Ijma (or “consensus”), and (4) the Ijtihd (or “individual thought”). Known as the Qur’an (literally, “reading” or “recitation”), it is said to be the verbatimword, or speech, of God, as given to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel. It is the most important source of Islamic doctrine since it is divided into 114 suras (chapters) of varying length.

  • The suras revealed at Medina at a later stage in the Prophet’s life are primarily concerned with social law and the political-moral principles that should guide the formation and organization of the community.
  • Photograph by Orhan Am/Fotolia Pre-Islamic Arabs used the term sunnah (which means “a well-trodden road”) to refer to their tribe or common law systems.
  • Six of these compilations, which were collected in the 3rd centuryah (9th centuryce), came to be considered as particularly authoritative by the Sunnis, who constitute the majority of Islam’s population.
  • To unify legal theory and practice, as well as to remove individual and regional variations of opinion, the doctrine ofijm, also known as orconsensus, was established in the 2nd centuryah (eighth centuryce).
  • The concept of Ahijm has existed since the 3rd century and has come to represent a principle of stability in thought; topics on which consensus had been established in practice were deemed closed, and any further meaningful questioning of them was forbidden.

Finding the legal or doctrinal answer to a new situation necessitated the use of the word ijtihd, which means “to endeavor” or “to exert effort.” During the early period of Islamic history, becauseijtihd took the form of individual opinion (ray), there was an abundance of contradictory and chaotic viewpoints to choose from.

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While the “gate ofijtihd” in Sunni Islam was effectively closed by the turning of Ijm into a conservative mechanism and the adoption of a final collection of Hadith, the “gate ofijtihd” remained open in Shi’ism.

The Qur’an and Hadith are studied in further detail below. It will be addressed below in the frameworks of Islamictheology, philosophy, and law what the importance of Ijm and Ijtih is.

What is Islam

Islam is not a newly discovered religion. All of God’s prophets throughout history have received the same message from the Almighty. Islam is both a religion and a full way of life in one person’s opinion. Peace, kindness, and forgiveness are the hallmarks of the Muslim faith, and these virtues should not be connected with acts of violence against the innocent.

Who are Muslims and what do they believe?

There are around 1.2 billion Muslims in the globe, according to estimates. Only around 20% of Muslims reside in countries where Arabic is the primary language. Indonesia has the highest Muslim population of any country in the world. Muslims believe that there is only one God who is distinct and incomparable. They believe in the Day of Judgment as well as in individual accountability for one’s acts in this world. Islamic prophets, beginning with Adam and continuing through Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph and Job and culminating in the person of Jesus Christ, are revered.

When one declares, “There is no deity but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God,” one is considered a Muslim.

What is the Quran?

Muslim populations worldwide are estimated to number 1.2 billion people. Muslim populations in Arabic-speaking countries account for no more than 20% of total Muslim populations. Among Muslim countries, Indonesia has the highest concentration of Muslims in the world population. Muslims believe that there is only one God, who is distinct and unmatchable. Individual accountability for deeds and the Day of Judgment are important to them. Islamic prophets, beginning with Adam and continuing through Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph and Job and ending with Jesus are revered as a line of prophets.

“There is no deity except God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God,” says a Muslim, who has accepted this belief.

What are the “Five Pillars” of Islam?

  1. It consists of the two-sentence declaration described above, as well as the following: Prayer– Muslims are required to pray five times a day as part of their religion. Islamic prayers serve as a direct line of communication between the worshiper and the Almighty. Islam does not have a clergy or a hierarchical power structure. The prayers are led by a skilled Muslim who is chosen by each group. Among the most significant Islamic concepts is the belief that all things belong to God and that money is kept in trust by human beings. Zakat is a tax on wealth. Zakat, often known as charitable giving, is a religious practice that “purifies” income by allocating a portion of it to people in need. In most cases, this payment amounts to two and a half percent of one’s capital. Fasting– Every year, during the Islamic lunar month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from the time of sunrise to the time of sunset from sunrise to sunset. Another approach of self-purification is to observe a fast. In the case of those who are physically or financially able to do so, a pilgrimage to Mecca, also known as Hajj, is required of them.

What about the American Muslim community?

There are around 7 million Muslims in the United States. The Muslim population in the United States is made up of people from a wide range of ethnic backgrounds and national origins, including many immigrants. In the United States, there are about 2,000 mosques, Islamic schools, and Islamic centers. Muslims are involved in a wide range of activities. Muslims in this country and throughout the world are becoming one of the fastest growing religions in the country and around the world.

What is Islam?

|originally published on December 21, 2014 The Middle East and Europe Office of the Common Global Ministries has developed a short introduction to their work. With so much focus on the Middle East these days, and the assumption that Osama bin Laden is responsible for terrorist strikes against the United States, it’s a good idea to refresh your memory on some fundamental truths about Islamic religion. The Middle East and Europe Office of the Common Global Ministries has developed a short introduction to their work.

  1. Beliefs Judaism and Christianity are considered to be the other two Abrahamic faiths, with Islam being considered to be the third.
  2. Muslim belief is that God is loving and compassionate, and that the faithful will receive temporal peace and equality as well as admittance into a magnificent afterlife if they follow the teachings of the religion.
  3. 570-632 AD).
  4. Muslims believe that there is only one God, and that there are no divisions inside the holy Godhead, which is their most fundamental belief.
  5. Although the Quran recognizes the Hebrew and Christian texts as sacred, it varies from them on a number of points, one of which being the blessing and role bestowed on Ishmael rather than Isaac, according to Islamic tradition.
  6. Following his teachings and his life, Muslims hold the prophet Muhammad in high regard, and they feel that following his example is essential to having a strong faith.
  7. The Hadith, which are compilations of sayings about the Prophet Muhammad that have been handed down through centuries by competent and trustworthy oral historians, disclose the life and teachings of Muhammad as well as the history of early Islam.

However, while most Islamic sects are usually in agreement regarding the Quran, they have significant differences on the validity and interpretation of each other’s Hadith.

Similarly to Christian denominationalism, as Islam expanded through time and culture, as well as over a wide range of geographical locations, many different schools of interpretation and practice arose both inside and outside of these bigger organizations.

The interior experience of God as well as particular acts of spiritual discipline are more important to Sufis than they are to Christian or Jewish mystics, for example.

There are five pillars of Islam that all Muslims are required to adhere to to the best of their abilities.

Both of the following sentences are included in the shahada: “There is no deity but God, and Muhammad is God’s prophet.” Salat, also known as the systematic ritual of prayer and devotion conducted five times a day, is the second pillar of Islam.

Muslims are frequently summoned to prayer by the resounding cry of “God is greater!” emanating from a high minaret.

Zakat is an act of purification, whether it is accomplished by charitable contributions or through the imposition of a religious tax.

Fasting is an universal duty, but it should be performed with particular rigor during the month of Ramadan, from sunup to sunset, and entails abstaining from not only eating and drinking, but also from smoking, sexual activity, and any other sensory desire as well.

Ramadan, which commemorates the month in which Muhammad received the first revelation from God, concludes with a massive feast known as Eid al-Fitr, which translates as “Festival of Fast-Breaking.” The Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, is the last pillar of Islam and marks the culmination of the faith.

  • During the pilgrimage, all people who participate in the hajj behave in a spiritually equal manner and are treated as such.
  • Jihad is the struggle of Islamic religion in the direction of truth and justice.
  • While Muslim leaders may declare jihad in order to rally Muslims against political opponents, much as an American leader could declare a cause to be a “crusade” or label an empire as “evil,” jihad does not inherently imply “Holy War” in the traditional sense.
  • Because of its spiritual and historical significance, Jerusalem, also known as al-Quds or “the Holy,” is considered the third sacred city of Islam.
  • In spite of the fact that Islam originated in Arabia, there are Muslim communities in every country from Mexico to the Philippines, with historically considerable numbers in Africa, Southeastern Europe, Central and Southern Asia, and other parts of the Middle East.
  • Therefore, not all Muslims are Arabè, but a large number are Persian, African, European, and Asian in background.

Many Muslims in North America are descended from recent or second-generation immigrant groups, while at least half of all Muslims in the United States are African-American Muslims who have either converted or’reverted’ over the generations to the orthodox Muslim identity of their African forefathers.

  • There are around seven million Muslims in the United States, according to estimates.
  • The contributions of Islamic philosophy and history to Western culture and study have been immeasurable.
  • The fact that every religion runs the risk of being used by radicals among its adherents should not be underestimated.
  • Because we, as Christians and Americans who love freedom, must resist the temptation to generalize and blame the other—particularly another religion and all of its adherents—for the conduct of a few in our increasingly diverse society.
  • In addition, it is necessary to remember that not all Arabs are Muslims.
  • ** Books on Islam that are recommended Al-Quran, translated by Ahmed Ali.
  • Princeton University Press published a book in 1984 titled Denny, Frederick Mathewson.

Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1985.

Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform?

John Esposito is a writer who lives in New York City.

Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, and Yvonne Yazbeck The Muslims in the United States of America.

Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, and Wadi Zaidan Haddad are the editors of this volume.

Gainsville, FL: University of Florida Press, 1995.


There are three volumes.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (Seyyed Hossein Nasr).

The Beacon Press published this book in 1972.

E., “Children of Abraham: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam,” in Encyclopedia of Religion, vol.

Annemarie Schimmel has written a book about her life.

The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, published a book in 1975.

African-Americans and Islam: A Comparative Study The Indiana University Press published a book in 1997 titled The Word of Islam is edited by John Alden Williams.

Several Islam-related websites Islam, Islam in America, and Islamic Studies are all topics covered in this course.

macdonald.hartsem.edu Faith-Based Organizations Currently, research data about religious organizations in the United States is available.

Islaam, an introduction to Islam Studies resources Assnwings.buffalo.edu/sa/muslim/isl/isl.html Islamic Studies materials from the University of Georgia, Prof.

An introduction to Shi’ah Islam in Islam, as well as a historical lecture on the subject, can be found on the Harvard University State Department’s Islam in America page.

Links to the Society of North America’s community Students’ Association of the United States and Canada National Muslim Political Organizations may be found at www.msa-natl.org/national Muslim Political Organizations.

The Muslim Council on American-Islamic Relations (MCAIR) is a non-profit organization dedicated to improving relations between Muslims and Americans.

cair-net.org The Public Affairs Council of the Minaret of Freedom Institute is a body that represents the interests of the Institute’s public policy initiatives. Mr. Derek Duncan works as a Program Associate in the Middle East and Europe Office of the Common Global Ministries (CGM).

What is Islam?

Islam is the name of the religion that Muslims practice and adhere to. People who practice Islam are referred to as Muslims, in the same way that people who practice Christianity are referred to as Christian. Muslim submission can be deduced from the literal and lexical sense of the word. Religions such as Islam are derived from the root Arabic letters s-l-m, which are the same root letters from which the word peace (salam) is derived. Islam, in and of itself, does not mean peace, but it indicates that one can achieve peace (salam) by submitting to the will of Allah (islam).

  1. Islam is a religion, but Arabs are a race of people.
  2. Arabs account for around 13 percent of the Muslim population.
  3. Other faiths are frequently named after a specific individual or group of people.
  4. Islam did not receive its name from Muhammad because Islam existed before to his time.
  5. These prophets were Adam, Abraham, Noah, and Moses.
  6. Starting with Adam and continuing until today, this is a story of redemption.
  7. Islam’s last Prophet, Muhammad (peace be upon him), is the last of these Prophets.
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What do Muslims believe?

  • Muslims believe in God, who they consider to be the Creator of the cosmos. God is referred to as Allah in Arabic. Because Allah does not have a gender in linguistic terms and cannot be rendered plural, Muslims sometimes prefer to refer to God by the name Allah rather than God. The word God in English might be translated as goddess or gods. The central teaching of the Qur’an is that there is only one God. He does not have a partner, a kid, or anybody to aid him
  • Angels are believed to exist by Muslims. There are a great number of angels, and they all serve God. Angels, in contrast to humans, do not have free choice and are bound to obey all of God’s orders. Different angels are tasked with doing different jobs. When it came to human Prophets and Messengers, for example, it was the angel Gabriel who was in charge of transmitting the message of God. The Angel Michael (Mikaaeel) was in charge of bringing down the rain. Angels are also there to aid and support believers through tough times.
  • Muslims hold all Prophets and Messengers in high regard. A Muslim is obligated to believe in the existence of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Joseph, Jesus, and Muhammad, all of whom are blessed with blessings. They all came with the same message: to worship only one God and not to associate any other gods with him
  • To worship only one God and not to associate any other gods with him
  • Muslims also hold fast to all of the prior scriptures that God has delivered to His Prophets and Messengers throughout history. In this order, Moses received the Torah, Abraham received the scrolls of scripture, David received the Psalms, and Jesus received the Injeel. There is no other preceding text that has been totally preserved in its original form, with the exception of the Quran. Many of these texts were either lost or distorted throughout the course of time. According to Islamic tradition, the Qur’an was delivered as a “last testament,” and it serves as God’s ultimate word to mankind.
  • Muslims believe that there is an afterlife. There will come a day of judgment when God will hold individuals accountable for their conduct while they are still alive on this planet. Those who have done good will be welcomed into heaven, while those who have done bad will either be pardoned or punished in the hereafter. Everyone’s acts in this world will be repaid in full
  • There will be no exceptions.
  • Last but not least, Muslims believe in God’s almighty decision and will. God is aware of all that will take place in the future. His actions don’t compel humans to make decisions
  • Rather, we decide what we want to do. However, there are some things that God has determined that are out of our hands and cannot be changed. These things include the time and place of our birth, the place and time of our death, and everything else that happens that is out of our control, such as the weather. Muslims recognize and accept these conditions as part of God’s decision and will.

Being a Muslim is defined by one’s belief in these six principles. A Muslim may or may not adhere to the teachings of Islam fully; he or she may commit crimes and make mistakes; yet as long as they hold to these principles, they are regarded to be a Muslim. To put it another way, these are the most fundamental qualifications for becoming a Muslim. Do you have any more questions? Call us at 877-WhyIslam, we’ll tell you all you need to know! a link to the page’s load

Islam: Basic Beliefs

Islam is a monotheistic religion that is based on the belief in a single God (Allah). According to this view, it has certain beliefs in common with those of Judaism and Christianity in that it traces its origins back to the patriarch Abraham, and ultimately to the first prophet Adam. Throughout history, prophets have taught the same universal message of faith in a single God and charity toward one another. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the lineage of prophets that began with Adam and ended with Moses.

  1. He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a trader.
  2. The people were worshipping a plethora of gods and had lost sight of the prophet Abraham’s warning that they should only serve one God.
  3. It was during one of these occurrences, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, that he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril (Gabriel).
  4. In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah, rather than gratifying themselves.
  5. Muslims constitute 1.2 billion people worldwide, with 7 million living in the United States.
  6. Indonesia and India have the greatest Muslim populations of any of the countries in the world.
  7. Despite the fact that they hold similar fundamental principles, they disagree on who should be the legitimate head of Islam following Muhammad’s death.
  8. “Allah” is just the Arabic word for God, and it means “God.” He is the same God who is adored by people of all religions and who is the same global God.

In certain circles, the name “Allah” is favoured over the word “God” since it is neither masculine nor feminine. Furthermore, “Allah” does not have a plural form. Muslims have six fundamental beliefs:

  • Religions based on belief in one God (Allah)
  • Belief in angels
  • Belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
  • Belief in all of God’s prophets sent to mankind, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Although Muslims believe in Isa or Jesus, they do not see Jesus as the Son of God in the same sense that Christians do. Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment and life after death, but Christians do not. The highest reward for doing good things is growing in one’s relationship with God
  • Faith in the decree of God. Therefore, God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission
  • But, he has granted human people the ability to choose whether they will be good or evil. At the conclusion of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and decisions.

Religions based on belief in one God (Allah); belief in angels; belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad; belief in all of God’s prophets sent by him, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad.

Even though Muslims believe in Jesus, they do not regard him as the Son of God in the same way that Christians do.

Becoming closer to God is the most rewarding reward for doing good things; faith in divine decree is the second highest reward.

At the end of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and choices.

  • Declaring one’s confidence in Allah and Muhammad as His prophet or message (shahadah) is a way of bearing testimony or testifying that there is only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is His prophet or messenger. Salat (ritual prayer)—the five daily prayers are conducted at various times throughout the day, including sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. The prayers are offered in the Arabic language and with the direction of Mecca as their focus. Giving 2.5 percent of one’s wealth to the poor and needy is known as zakah (alms tax) in Islam. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, known as Ramadan, is marked by fasting during daylight hours by Muslims across the world. The goal is to remind individuals of the goodness of what they have and to demonstrate equality with those who are less fortunate than they are. In Islam, the month of Ramadan is a time for study and self-discipline. Performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) in Mecca to the Ka’bah is considered obligatory for Muslims at least once throughout their lives. Several scholars think that Ibrahim (Abraham) and one of his sons were responsible for the construction of the Ka’bah. Muhammad restored it as a place of devotion for Allah. As a result, Muslims consider it to be a particularly sacred location.

Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.

Every day, they read a portion of it.

The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran.

What is Islam? – Center for Religious & Spiritual Life

Muslims are among the most recent of the main global faiths, and as a result, they are also among the most well-documented and historically verifiable of them. History of Islam begins with the life of Muhammad ibn Abdullah, who was born in Mecca, which is today’s Saudi Arabia, in 570 CE. Muhammad ibn Abdullah is considered the founder of Islam. However, very little is known about Muhammad’s early life. He was born into the Hashemite clan of this powerful Quraysh tribe, but nothing is known about his early life.

  • According to legend, Muhammad’s first marriage was to Khadijah, a wealthy merchant who was attracted to him because of this characteristic.
  • After witnessing his professional and personal accomplishments, she proposed to him and they were married the next year.
  • The marriage was reportedly pleasant, and Muhammad did not remarry while she was still living, according to all indications.
  • In addition to being a religious leader, it is said that Muhammad was also a spiritual man who had the habit of retreating to a cave in the mountains to meditate and think in solitude on a regular basis.
  • It was the first of many revelations that Muhammad would receive during his career.
  • Every year, thousands of Muslims participate in the “Night of Power,” during which they remain up throughout the night in prayer.
  • It was also necessary for them to begin living lives that were more ethical and socially responsible.

During Muhammad’s lifetime, another amazing incident happened around the year 619.

First, Muhammad went to Jerusalem on the back of an aburqa, a winged horse with wings.

God revealed to Muhammad the ultimate form of the daily prayers while he was there.

As the persecution of Muhammad and his followers, known as Muslims, grew more intense, he began looking for a safer location where they might live in peace with their beliefs.

In exchange for his presence, they pledged to convert and build an Islamic way of life for the entire city if he came.

The Prophet Muhammad arrived in Yathrib in 622 and founded a prosperous theocracy in the city that would later become known as Medina (medinat al-Nabimeans “city of the Prophet”).

While in Medina, Muhammad continued to receive revelations from God, but these revelations, which are recorded in the Qur’an as the Medinansuras, were of a more pragmatic nature, with a focus on solidifying Islamic society and establishing communal norms and rules of behavior rather than on spiritual matters.

According to Islam, adoration is reserved solely for God. Although Muhammad died in 632 CE, it should be evident that his legacy continues to have profound and tremendous importance long after his death.

What Is the Qur’an?

In Muslim tradition, the Qur’an is regarded as the final word of God, consisting of a comprehensive collection of all of the revelations Muhammad received from Gabriel. The Arabic language has a privileged position among languages because, according to traditional Islamic teaching, the words of the Qur’an are literally the words of God. As a result, while non-Arabic speakers may read a translation of the Qur’an in order to better understand its meaning, translations do not carry the same weight and authority as the Arabic text.

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Because the Arabic words are literally the words of God, reciting them is considered to be spiritually beneficial; it is for this reason that memorizing the Qur’an is considered to be a deeply holy act (a person who memorizes the Qur’an is known as an ahafiz, which literally translates as “guardian/caretaker” of the Qur’an); and it is also for this reason that there are professional reciters, who are frequently hired by large mosques to come and A sacred act in and of itself, the recital of the Qur’an is regarded to be exceedingly essential and is an act that draws those who hear it into the presence of God.

  • Overall, one fundamental overriding theme can be seen across the Qur’an as a whole: the call to repent and submit to God’s message and will.
  • First and foremost, God is the creator of the cosmos and, as such, is the universe’s supreme authority.
  • Second, when God created humans, he endowed them with reason, which includes the ability to distinguish between good and wrong and to choose whether or not to obey God’s will in a given situation.
  • Individuals who die will appear before God and be judged according to their acts in the resurrection; those who live righteously and obey God will be rewarded with eternal bliss in paradise; those who live unrighteously and unfaithfully will be punished with eternal torment.
  • Lastly, the Qur’an stresses that God has sent prophets to various people in various locations throughout history, each striving to correct them when and where they had gone astray and bring them back to the one true God.

Using these methods, the Qur’an attests to the unsurpassable character of both Muhammad’s authority and that of the Qur’an itself, while also laying out plainly and vehemently a way of living that allows a rich and meaningful existence, both in this life and the hereafter.

The Five Pillars of Islam

As a result, the five basic activities of Islam are historically known as “pillars,” which is an effective metaphor for emphasizing the importance of these practices and the role they play in sustaining one’s life as a Muslim. Islam’s foundational activities are the five rituals that Muslims engage in to reflect their religious identity and show their engagement in the greater community, which are referred to as its five pillars. There is significance in how they shape religious habits and thinking, but also in the way they structure and organize an individual’s whole life.

  • First and foremost, theshahadah.
  • Muslims are obligated to do particular prayers five times a day, at various times throughout the day, including at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and evening.
  • These prayers are performed according to a precise set of rites, which include a series of ablutions, which, in addition to washing the body, also represent the purity required to appear before God.
  • In order to demonstrate God’s ultimate control over creation, as well as to demonstrate reverence and obedience to God, it is thought that one should annually give back a part of one’s riches to God.
  • Zakat, on the other hand, is more structured than that, with the vast majority of Muslims agreeing that 212 percent of one’s total assets should be donated for this reason.
  • This month is the holiest month of the year in Islam because it celebrates the first revelation of the Qur’an to Muhammad, which took place somewhere around the end of the month, making it the most important month of the year.
  • Because Islam follows a lunar calendar, Ramadan is observed during each of the twelve months of the year over a period of many years.

This holds true to a greater or lesser extent depending on one’s geographic region.

In many Muslim nations, the whole rhythm of the day is changed to accommodate the Ramadan fast, which includes eateries closing during the day but remaining open later into the evening in order to accommodate the fast.

It is preceded by a special almsgiving to benefit the poor and less fortunate.

Every year, around two million Muslims from all over the world go to Mecca (located in Saudi Arabia) to partake in this life-changing event with their fellow Muslims.

In particular, the males wear two pieces of white cloth that have not been sewed together, which many people keep and use as a funeral shroud.

The Ka’aba, a square structure believed to have been built by Ibrahim and Isma’il to serve as a place of worship for the one true God, serves as the focal point of thehajj both literally and figuratively.

Daily prayers are focused directly at this particular edifice, which serves as the physical core of Islam. The rituals take about a week to complete, and most participants rely on guides to ensure that they are carried out correctly and in the proper order.

The Concept ofJihad

The notion of jihad is perhaps the most misunderstood and misconstrued concept in all of Islam. First and first, it should be noted that Muhammad did indeed speak about the significance of jihad, but his explanation was in no way comparable to the connotations that the word has today, particularly in an American setting. The term itself derives from an Arabic origin that literally translates as “to struggle” or “to strain oneself.” It is used in two separate ways in the Qur’an and Islamic tradition to represent two different “struggles”: the internal struggle to be faithful and obedient to God, and the external military fight against God’s enemies.


It should go without saying that the type of terrorist activities carried out under the guise of jihad have been resoundingly and unequivocally rejected by the overwhelming majority of Muslims around the world, precisely because the conditions outlined above were flagrantly violated by the perpetrators.

As well as urging believers to “strive in the way of God with a service worthy of Him” (Qur’an 22:78) and promising “We shall guide those who strive in our cause to the roads leading straight to Us” (Qur’an 29:69), the Qur’an also mentions this form of effort.

For Further Reading:

Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization, written by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, is a comprehensive study of Islam. Jonathan Bloom’s Islam: A Thousand Years of Faith and Power is a must-read. Sheila Blair is a well-known actress. Islam is a religious belief system. Observations, written by Caesar E. Farah Karen Armstrong’s Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet is available on Amazon. The Oxford History of Islam, edited by John L. Esposito, is a comprehensive history of Islam.

Islam: Continuity and Change in the Modern World, by John O. Voll, is a book about Islam in the modern world. This quotation may be found in practically every literature that discusses the notion of jihad. See, for example, Esposito et al., World Religions Today, p. 243 (World Religions Today).

Islam Fast Facts

(CNN) Take a look at Islam for a moment. Islam is translated as “submission” or “surrender” in several languages. Surrender to Allah’s will – Allah is the Arabic word meaning God.


Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Abraham, Moses, Noah, David, and Jesus are some of the other prophets that lived throughout this time period.

  • – The Salat, also known as the Salah, is a daily religious ceremonial prayer performed five times a day.
  • In the month of Ramadan, a Sawm is a fast that is observed.
  • The pilgrimage begins on the seventh or eighth day of the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar and concludes on the 12th day of the same month, depending on when you start.
  • For Muslims, it is the holiest spot in the planet.
  • Muslims believe that the Quran contains divine words or revelations that serve as the foundation of their faith.
  • The Quran contains a total of 114 chapters.
  • A Jihad, according to Islamic traditions, is a fight that is waged while adhering to God’s mandates on a personal level as well as on a communal one.

Muslim Denominations

Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam and is also the most populous. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs (leaders) are the genuine heirs to Muhammad’s position. Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab founded the Wahabi sect in Saudi Arabia, which is made of members of the Tameem tribe who adhere to the stringent orthodox teachings of Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab. The Shiite (or Shia) sect of Islam, the second-largest branch of Islam, believes that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the genuine heirs to Muhammad, and rejects the first three caliphs as unfit for office.

Furthermore, they observe a number of Christian and Zoroastrian holidays in addition to Islamic holidays.

They were well-known for their uncompromising opinions on the Quran’s adherence as well as for their extremist fundamentalist views.

The Nation of Islam is a predominantly African-American religious organization that was formed in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. It is a Sunni sect, as the name suggests. Other Sunni and Shiite sects exist in African and Arab countries, as well as in other parts of the world.

Sharia Law

In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.

Other Facts

Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.


Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world. Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.

657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.

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