Sufism may be best described as Islamic mysticism or asceticism, which through belief and practice helps Muslims attain nearness to Allah by way of direct personal experience of God.
- 1 What are the main beliefs of Sufism?
- 2 What does Islam say about Sufism?
- 3 How is Sufism different from Islam?
- 4 Who is Allah in Sufism?
- 5 Do Sufis pray 5 times a day?
- 6 Who created Sufism?
- 7 Is Sufi and Sunni the same?
- 8 Is Sufism a Shia?
- 9 Why do Sufis dance?
- 10 How do I become a Sufi?
- 11 Why is Sufism important to Islam?
- 12 What does the name Sufi mean?
- 13 Why do Sufis worship saints?
- 14 How do Sufis meditate?
- 15 How is Sufism different from Sunnis or Shias?
- 16 Sufism
- 17 Who Are Sufi Muslims and Why Do Some Extremists Hate Them? (Published 2017)
- 18 The roots and practices of Sufism
- 19 Why extremists have targeted Sufis
- 20 The status of Sufis in Egypt
- 21 Sufi Islam: What you need to know
- 22 BBC – Religions – Islam: Sufism
- 23 History and theology
- 24 Practice
- 25 Difference Between Islam and Sufism
- 26 Sufism: Seeking God
- 27 Mid-East Junction – What is Sufism and why does it bother some Muslims?
- 28 What is Sufism?
What are the main beliefs of Sufism?
Sufi practice focuses on the renunciation of worldly things, purification of the soul and the mystical contemplation of God’s nature. Followers try to get closer to God by seeking spiritual learning known as tariqa.
What does Islam say about Sufism?
‘ Sufism provides for joy in life’ The body of Islam is Sharia, the law, and soul of Islam is Sufism, spirituality. For Sufis, Sharia is indispensable, because law provides order in life and Sufism provides for joy in life.
How is Sufism different from Islam?
Islam believes there is only one God and that is Allah and no other God. According to Islam the purpose of life is to live according to Quran and Hadith and thereby serve Allah. Sufism, on the other hand is spiritual dimension of God-man union. According to Ali Hujwiri, Ali Talib was the founder of Sufism within Islam.
Who is Allah in Sufism?
According to mysticism, the truth behind creation of man and essence of all prayers is the recognition of Allah. The term is used by Sufi Muslims to describe mystical intuitive knowledge, knowledge of spiritual truth as reached through ecstatic experiences rather than revealed or rationally acquired.
Do Sufis pray 5 times a day?
Sufis, like all practicing Muslims, pray five times a day and must visit Mecca once in their lifetime if they have the means. For many if not most Sufis the most important “jihad” is one’s personal struggle toward deeper faith.
Who created Sufism?
Baha-ud-Din Naqshband (1318-1389) of Turkestan founded Naqshbandi order of Sufism. Khwaja Razi-ud-Din Muhammad Baqi Billah whose tomb is in Delhi, introduced the Naqshbandi order in India. The essence of this order was insistence on rigid adherence to Sharia and nurturing love for the Prophet.
Is Sufi and Sunni the same?
Although the overwhelming majority of Sufis, both pre-modern and modern, remain adherents of Sunni Islam, certain strands of Sufi practice developed within the ambit of Shia Islam during the late medieval period, particularly after the Safavid conversion of Iran from majority Sunni to Shia.
Is Sufism a Shia?
Sufism or Tasawwuf is a school of thought (and not a religious sect) which exists both in the Shia and the Sunni faiths. “Sufi” is a person who believes in the principles of Sufism. Sufis in Iran are mainly Shiite. In Iran, it especially flourished during the Mongols-domination period in the 12th century.
Why do Sufis dance?
Sufism, the mystical branch of Islam, emphasizes universal love, peace, acceptance of various spiritual paths and a mystical union with the divine. Their dance is a traditional form of Sufi worship, a continuous twirling with one hand pointed upward reaching for the divine and the other hand pointed toward the ground.
How do I become a Sufi?
Being a sufi is very simple and is not about any religion. One must know love, act in love, speak of love and become that love. Firstly you must be Muslim, that is you believe in La Ilaha il Allah Muhammadur Rasool Allah (SAAW) (There is no God except Allah and Prophet Muhammad (SAAW) is his Messenger).
Why is Sufism important to Islam?
Sufism, mystical Islamic belief and practice in which Muslims seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God. By educating the masses and deepening the spiritual concerns of the Muslims, Sufism has played an important role in the formation of Muslim society.
What does the name Sufi mean?
A Sufi is someone who believes in the kind of Islam known as Sufism. The original Sufis wore simple wool cloaks, and in Arabic, the word Sufi means ” man of wool. ”
Why do Sufis worship saints?
The belief is that a prayer by a saint can alleviate poverty, cure illness, amend relations with loved ones and provide solace from the trials of life. Away from the desires of the material world, Sufis believes a connection with a saint can build a connection with God, Allah.
How do Sufis meditate?
Sufi Meditation is a central component of Islamic spirituality. The Sufi tradition centres on developing a personal relationship with God through self-knowledge and self-inquiry. It uses Zikr (chanting) and Muraqba (meditation) to empty the mind and heart of spiritual pollutants.
How is Sufism different from Sunnis or Shias?
Sufi can be both Sunni and Shia. Sufi means a saint in the English language. Sunni and Sufi both follow Islam and have same beliefs but a Sunni is more involved with worldly matters whereas Sufi is more concerned with the world hereafter. Sunni follows the code of life sent by God in the form of Sunah and Quran.
When compared to Islam, Christianity arrived later in West Africa, during the period of colonial discovery; missionaries were among those who initially settled in West Africa after arriving with the first wave of explorers. The Sahelian countries, where Islam had been founded centuries earlier, were less successful, but they discovered more fruitful ground further south, where indigenous religions were still dominant. In the current distribution of Christian strongholds, the story is reflected: Christianity is the majority religion in Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and So Tomé and Prncipe, and the largest religion in Benin and Togo, respectively.
Many West African Christians, like many Muslims, have maintained their traditional beliefs, which are frequently practiced alongside Christian beliefs in the region.
There has, however, been somewhat of a pushback against such doctrinal fusions, which has resulted in the establishment of sometimes extremely conservative evangelical groups that are growing increasingly powerful in some countries, notably Nigeria.
Who Are Sufi Muslims and Why Do Some Extremists Hate Them? (Published 2017)
Christianity came in West Africa later than Islam, during the period of colonial discovery; missionaries were among the first colonial residents in the region when the first wave of explorers arrived. The Sahelian countries, where Islam had been founded centuries earlier, were less successful, but they discovered more fruitful ground further south, where indigenous faiths predominated. This is mirrored in the present distribution of Christian strongholds: Christianity is the majority religion in Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, the Republic of Congo, and So Tomé and Prncipe, and the largest religion in Benin and Togo.
As with Islam, many West African Christians have maintained their traditional beliefs, which are frequently practiced alongside Christian beliefs.
As a result of the pushback against such doctrinal fusions, evangelical churches that are sometimes fairly orthodox have risen to prominence in some countries, notably Nigeria, where they are becoming increasingly powerful.
The roots and practices of Sufism
Sufism, also known as tasawwuf in the Arabic-speaking world, is a type of Islamic mysticism that stresses introspection and spiritual intimacy with God. It is a branch of Islam that originated in the Middle East. In spite of the fact that it is frequently misinterpreted as a specific Islamic sect, it is actually a larger form of worship that transcends religious boundaries and directs adherents’ focus inward. Rather of focusing on material things, Sufi practice emphasizes the cleansing of the soul as well as mystical contemplation of God’s essence.
It is common for Muslims, including Muslims of Egyptian descent, to be perplexed about Sufism, according to Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf, an American Sufi cleric of Egyptian descent who preached in New York City for many years and founded the Cordoba House, which promotes a moderate image of Islam in the West.
“Although it is Islam, we place a strong emphasis on meditation and chanting sessions, which allow the Muslim to have his or her heart open.
As Sufism developed, it incorporated elements of local culture and belief, resulting in it being a widely practiced religion.
Knysh, a professor of Islamic studies at the University of Michigan and a specialist in modern Sufism, who characterizes it as a “very wide, amorphous movement” that exists within both the Sunni and Shiite traditions.
Mr. Knysh noted that in current times, the main view of Sufi Islam is one of “love, peace, and tolerance,” leading to this type of worship becoming synonymous with Islam’s commitment to peace. Image Getty Images courtesy of Asif Hassan/Agence France-Presse
Why extremists have targeted Sufis
It is known as tasawwuf in the Arabic-speaking world, but sufism is an Islamic mysticism that stresses introspection and spiritual intimacy with God. Sufism is a kind of Islamic mysticism that originated in Iran. In spite of the fact that it is frequently misinterpreted as a specific Islamic sect, it is actually a larger form of worship that transcends all religions and directs adherents’ focus inward. Rather of focusing on material things, Sufi practice emphasizes the cleansing of the soul as well as mystical contemplation of God’s character.
- According to Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf, an American Sufi preacher of Egyptian ancestry who lectured in New York City for many years and created the Cordoba House, which promotes a moderate image of Islam in the West, there is widespread misunderstanding regarding Sufism, even among Muslims.
- As Sufism gained popularity, it incorporated components of local culture and belief, resulting in it being a widely practiced religion worldwide.
- Knysh, a professor of Islamic studies at the University of Michigan and a specialist in modern Sufism, it is practiced in both the Sunni and Shiite traditions.
- The prevalent perspective of Sufi Islam today is one of “love, peace, and tolerance,” according to Mr.
- Image Credit: Asif Hassan/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images /
The status of Sufis in Egypt
In spite of the fact that no organization has officially claimed responsibility for Friday’s attack, it had several characteristics in common with prior assaults on Coptic Christians in Egypt. In the fall of 2016, the Islamic State’s local affiliate claimed to have murdered a Sufi preacher who was around 100 years old, according to local reports. However, it is possible that fundamentalists’ theological objections to the Sufi manner of devotion aren’t the main element motivating the attacks against Sufis.
- In the wake of the military’s overthrow of a democratically elected Islamist president, Mohamed Morsi, Egypt’s president, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, has pledged to do a better job of protecting religious minorities, who were shunned when Mr.
- It’s possible that the extremists are attempting to undermine Mr.
- Because they are members of a moderate, controllable group, the Egyptian government supports the Sufis in the same way that other Muslim-majority nations do.
- Sufi sheikhs typically recognize the legitimacy of the state, which creates difficulties with Muslims who are dissatisfied with their governments and are prepared to act on their unhappiness — including via violence if necessary — to express their dissatisfaction.
- Knysh, believe that society is heading in the wrong direction and that the government are assisting and abetting them in their corrupt endeavors.
They say something along the lines of, ‘If Sufis support this, we will be against them,’ or anything along those lines.” Besides being a “big sin,” Imam Feisal asserted that attacks on Sufi worshipers are the outcome of the politicization of religion that has taken place in the region over the past several decades, according to the imam.
He pointed out that Egypt, in particular, is a country where political polarization has encouraged extremism. ‘When religion gets political, it is not good,’ Imam Feisal asserted.
Sufi Islam: What you need to know
In spite of the fact that no organization has yet claimed responsibility for Friday’s attack, it had several characteristics in common with prior attacks against Coptic Christians in Egypt. An approximately 100-year-old Sufi preacher was reportedly murdered by Islamic State’s local branch in the fall of 2016. The theological objections of fundamentalists to the Sufi method of devotion may not be the main element motivating the attacks against Sufis, according to some evidence. As a result of the friendly relations that exist between Sufis and the Egyptian government, experts believe that the attack may have had a political motivation as well.
Morsi’s party, the Muslim Brotherhood, was in power in the country.
Sisi’s authority by assassinating Sufis.
Muslims who reject their governments and are prepared to act on their displeasure — including via violence if necessary — have a difficult time reconciling with Sufi sheikhs who typically recognize the legitimacy of the state.
Knysh, believe that society is heading in the wrong way and that the government are assisting and abetting them on this corrupt road.” They are, in a sense, motivated by purely political considerations.” They say something along the lines of “If Sufis endorse this, we will be against them,” or anything along those lines.” assaults on Sufi devotees are a “serious sin,” according to Imam Feisal, and they have become more common as a result of religious politicization that has taken place in the region over the last several decades, he added.
Egypt in particular, he claims, has been politicized to the point that fanaticism has flourished as a result.
BBC – Religions – Islam: Sufism
Muslim pilgrims on their way to a Sufi meeting Sufism, or Tasawwufa as it is known in the Muslim world, is a form of Islamic mysticism (Lings, Martin, What is Sufism?, The Islamic Texts Society, 1999, p. 15). Sufism is a branch of Islam that originated in the Middle East. Non-Muslims frequently believe that Sufism is a sect of Islam. Sufism is more correctly defined as a facet or dimension of Islam rather than as a separate religion. Sufi organizations (Tariqas) can be found in a variety of Islamic groupings, including Sunni, Shia, and others.
- Ibn Khaldun’s remarks are still relevant today, as they accurately describe Sufis.
- Tariqas are able to track their teachers all the way back to the Prophethimself through the centuries.
- Despite the fact that Sufis are a small minority, they have had a significant impact on Islamic thinking and history.
- For example, Rumi, Omar Khayyám, and Al-impact Ghazali’s has expanded beyond Muslim territories, with their works being referenced by Western philosophers, poets, and theologians.
History and theology
Thousands of Muslims are on their way to a Sufi meeting. What is Sufism?, The Islamic Texts Society, 1999, p. 15. Lings, Martin, “What is Sufism?” (Lings, Martin, “What is Sufism?” (What is Sufism?, The Islamic Texts Society, 1999, p. 15). People who are not Muslim commonly mistake Sufism for a sect of Islam, which is incorrect. As a facet or feature of Islam, sufism is more correctly stated. Tarikwas (Sufi orders) are found in a variety of Islamic groupings, including Sunni, Shia, and other sects.
- Those statements of Ibn Khaldun are still relevant today, and they accurately describe Sufism.
- Tariqas are able to trace their professors all the way down to the Prophethimself, through the centuries.
- Despite the fact that Sufis are a small minority, they have had a significant impact on the development of Islamic thinking.
- For example, the writings of Rumi, Omar Khayyám, and Al-Ghazali have had an impact on Western philosophers, authors, and theologians who have cited them as inspiration.
As devoted Muslims, Sufis may be classified as such; praying five times a day, donating to charity, fasting, and so on, they faithfully adhere to the external observances of Islam. However, they are different in that they nurture both their own and others’ spiritual dimensions. They are aware that one of the Prophet’s names was Dhikr Allah, which means “call to Allah” (Remembrance of God). Among Sufi practices is the invocation of Allah’s divine names, words from the Qur’an, or the sayings of the Prophet in order to exalt Allah, a practice known as Dhikras.
Through the recollection of Allah, their hearts become peaceful.
It is said that devotion to Sharia emerges in the limbs and Dhikr manifests in the heart, resulting in an external that is sober and an inner that is drunk on divine love, according to Sufis.
Difference Between Islam and Sufism
Islam in Different Countries Islam and Sufism are two opposing religions. Introduction Islam is a dogmatic and monotheistic religion that was formed by Prophet Muhammad around 1400 years ago on the basis of revelations from Allah contained in the holy book of Quran. Islam is the world’s largest religion by number of adherents. Islam is a way of life that must be properly adhered to in accordance with the demands of the Quran and Hadith (follow-up interpretations of Muhammad’s sayings), which every Muslim believer is required to follow.
- According to Islam, the aim of life is to live according to the teachings of the Quran and Hadith and to serve Allah in this way.
- Some religious and spiritual academics think that Sufism is a mystical notion that precedes history, and that it existed long before organized religion came into being.
- Although it is difficult to say for certain, it is reasonable to state that Sufism has flourished within the framework of Islamic structure and practices.
- Ali Talib, according to Ali Hujwiri, is considered to be the creator of Sufism within Islam.
- Some scholars also assert that Sufism entails following in the footsteps of Muhammad’s life and aiming to be as perfect as Muhammad was.
- To adhere to the orthodox mainstream of Islam, it is the Quranic teachings of Muhammad as well as Islamic law and tradition (Hadith) that provide the parameters that Muslims must faithfully adhere to in order to achieve eternal intimacy with Allah, the Almighty.
- The Importance of Islamic Law Traditional orthodox Muslims believe that serving Allah is impossible unless one adheres strictly to Islamic Sharia law, as defined by the Islamic Sharia.
When it comes to Islamic law, Sharia is so deeply entrenched in the collective consciousness of traditional Muslims that it has become a source of dissatisfaction in questions of state administration in many democratic settings.
It is the belief of followers of Sufism that rigorous obedience to Sharia law is no guarantee of achieving unity with God.
They also do not believe that Sharia should be the sole legal system available to Muslims, and they have no animosity toward democratic institutions.
In the hereafter, the Hadith promises great benefits to those who follow the Quran and Hadith religiously and strictly.
Dimensional Difference Dissimilarities between Islam and Sufism It is exoteric in nature because mainstream orthodox Islam is more concerned with adhering to Islamic law than it is with other aspects of religion.
Luxury based on material possessions However, there are directives in the Quran to offer grants and gifts to the poorest members of the society, therefore worldly pleasure and luxury are not prohibited in mainstream Islam.
Spirituality Mainstream Islam is more closely aligned with hard-core rules and is devoid of spiritual significance.
Those who practice Sufism fill the spiritual hole left by an Islamic law-centered religious system.
Observing the Hajj The majority of Muslims believe that making the journey to Mecca, known as Hajj, will cleanse the mind of a Muslim and will qualify him to become a Hajji.
Differences between Islam and other religions Sufism Dhikr is a prayer said by Sufis.
Orthodox Muslims believe that only Muhammad could have encountered such a phenomena and had a personal encounter with God during his lifetime, and that no other human being can ever have such an encounter with God.
Music of any form, other than the singing of Quranic verses, is not permitted in mainstream Islam, according to the religion’s teachings.
Orthodox Muslims think that dancing and music are recreational pursuits that detract from the performer’s ability to devote his or her time to God.
ii) While Sharia is held in great regard in mainstream Islam, Sufis, on the other hand, place less emphasis on the law of the land.
iv) While Orthodox Islam is devoid of spirituality, Sufism places a strong emphasis on spirituality.
While mainstream Islam considers travel to Mecca to be the Hajj, Sufism does not adhere to this belief.
Dhikr, or the state of ecstasy, is believed to be the path to God by Sufis, although orthodox Islam thinks that the phenomena was experienced only by Muhammad and that no one else would ever be able to experience it.
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CiteAPA 7K, T., et al (2017, August 7).
There is a significant difference between Islam and Sufism. There is a distinction between similar terms and objects. “The Difference Between Islam and Sufism,” MLA 8K, Tapas. “The Difference Between Islam and Sufism.” 7. August, 2017: Differences between similar-sounding terms and objects.
Sufism: Seeking God
It is the inner component of Islam that seeks to achieve mystical knowledge and love of God via contemplative practices (dhikr), ethical cultivation, and cleansing of one’s heart and one’s own being, according to Sufism. Despite the fact that Sufism originated with individuals, Sufi communities, ortariqahs, were built around them, giving a model for spiritual direction and instruction. Besides poetry and art, liturgies were also created as well as biographical and philosophical works as well as various types of Sufi literature.
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Rather than being a distinct sect of Islam, Sufism (ortasawwuf) is a school of interpretation that emphasizes the inward path of mystical love, wisdom and devotion to God. Although the Prophet Muhammad and his companions can be considered the first Sufis, Sufism was formally established in the 8th century as a tribute to Muhammad’s simple lifestyle and spiritual life at a time when some Muslims believed the community was straying from this ideal. Sufism is a branch of Islam that has roots in the Sufi tradition.
Alternatively, others claim that the phrase stems from the Arabic word meaning purity (safa).
Though there are many different orientations within Sufism, the fundamental goals are the purification of the ego of selfish traits and desires such as greed, lust, and vanity, as well as the adornment of the ego with selfless qualities such as generosity, love, and humility, in order to achieve mystical unity with God.
- The stations, like milestones on a journey, explain the psychological and ethical traits required to progress along the road to the objective.
- At this time, the traveler has arrived at their objective, which is mystical union with the divine, in which they are enveloped in gnosis and divine love and are transformed.
- These are seen as God’s spontaneous gifts, much like the chance encounters that occur on a journey.
- The voyage must likewise be performed entirely for the glory of God and not for the profit of the world or of other worlds.
The greater the public recognition given to certain friends of God, the more communities of students and disciples began to form around them, eventually leading to the establishment of formal Sufi orders, known astariqahs, which use the orientation of their founder as a guide for spiritual development.
- A few of the more well-known groups today include the Shadhili, Naqshbandi, Qadiri, Chishti, Mevlevi, and Tijani, each of which is named after a founding member of the sect.
- They also served as dormitories for itinerant Muslim tradesmen and wandering Sufis in some instances.
- Qur’anic passages that admonish people to remember God when “standing, sitting, and laying down” (Qur’an 3:191) serve as the foundation for Sufi ritual activities; in other words, they can be performed in a number of ways and circumstances.
- All of these traditions have one thing in common: they all involve direct, intimate encounters with God.
- It is thissamarepresents the core of the Sufi journey: the tan-colored hat signifies the ego’s grave, and the broad, white skirt depicts the shroud that protects the ego.
- While whirling, the right hand is open upwards towards the sky, signifying God’s beneficence being received, while the left hand is directed downwards towards the earth, symbolizing God’s beneficence being transferred to mankind.
- As well as interpretations on the Qur’an and biographical works of renowned Sufis, manuals of conduct and ceremonial practices, artistic pieces and liturgies, belles-lettres and works on Sufi philosophy, cosmology and ethics, Sufis have generated a diverse body of literature.
- Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu, and Malay are just a few of the languages in which these poetry are composed.
Mojaddedi) demonstrate: “He worships and gives alms, but it’s a waste—Of mystic states, he’s never had a taste.” He performs good works and acts of piety, but he hasn’t felt genuine proximity; his deeds are empty acts, as if he’s lied; his deeds are empty acts, as though he’s lied; A walnut that has not had its kernel removed.
- Can seeds without kernels still produce fruit and grow into mature trees?
- Some American Muslims opt to follow historic Sufi organizations that have established themselves in the United States, such as the Shadhiliyyah or the Tijaniyyah, or newer groups such as the Bawa Muhaiyaddeen Fellowship, which was founded in 2012.
- Numerous American Muslims engage in Sufism as a personal spiritual and ethical practice, and they may or may not be linked with a particular Sufi organization.
- Sufism has attracted a wide range of people, not just Muslims, over the centuries.
In 2005, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated the Mevlevisamaceremony as a component of human cultural heritage, designating it as having protection status, and declared 2007 to be the International Year of Rumi in commemoration of his 800th birthday.
A true trans-national and trans-denominational appeal to the Sufi path may be seen in the diversity of Sufi thinking, practice, and affiliation, as well as its many representations across mediums and locales.
Mid-East Junction – What is Sufism and why does it bother some Muslims?
During an attack on a mosque in Egypt’s Sinai area by members of the Islamic State armed organization in November that resulted in the deaths of more than 300 people, the assailants claimed they were targeting what they characterized as ‘heretics of Islam,’ who are known to the rest of the world as Sufis. What exactly are the Sufis, and why have they been singled out by some Muslims as a group? Many people associate the name ‘Sufi’ with poets from the 13th century, such as the Persian Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rma, or the Abdillah Muhammad ibn ‘Al ibn ‘Arab’ from Andalusia in Spain, or even the whirling dervishes of Turkey.
- Sufis, on the other hand, have always been distinct in that they have changed and altered their practice of Islam over time.
- In his explanation, Malik argues that persons studying Sufism were frequently looking for something that did not reflect the orthodox understanding of Islam, but instead incorporated certain components that were more similar to Christianity.
- The Muslims began to ponder where they had gone wrong at this time, as they were losing control of their territory at the hands of their adversaries.
- Sufis of the twenty-first century It is difficult to obtain an accurate count of the number of Sufis who are actively practicing because the number varies depending on the order and how one defines a Sufi.
- According to one article written by Stephen Schwartz, who himself is a practicing Sufi, five percent of the approximately 1.3 billion Muslims worldwide are Sufis.
- Malik argues that the desire to delve further into the “spiritual core of Islam,” rather than simply adhering to its literal observance of ritual, is what drew individuals to the movement.
- The orders are based on the lives of particular Sufis throughout history who served as models for their followers.
Rabia and Hasan met while attending a Sufi seminary.
“He was a court musician in India who also happened to be a Sufi.” In 1910, he was convinced that Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity were all facets of the same thing, adds Hasan.
“They were all attempting to discover something more profound.” As a result, he believed that you were not need to be a Muslim or a Hindu in the traditional sense.
“Sufism was never considered to be a religion.
However, the majority of professionals are of the opinion that Sufism derives from Islam and the Koran.
It is impossible for him to separate the two since he feels that it is “historically not true.” “The most fundamental practice of all Sufis is to read the Koran, which is the most important component of Islamic revelation, and to assume that reading the Koran is something that can be removed from Islam, I’m not sure how you can accomplish that.”” In the meantime, Sufism has evolved into a way of attaining a spirituality that has its roots in Islam but is not necessarily part of the religion for hundreds of millions of individuals throughout the world.
This capacity of Sufis to attract more followers by adjusting their religion to the local culture is the reason why it has been able to adapt to local cultures and include those customs into their religious practices.
According to Malik, “What the Sufis did was study the local languages, and then they created poetry in the local languages,” he adds.
“.In essence, the Sufis don’t do anything particularly unusual in their day shift, and they don’t do anything particularly unusual compared to the majority of Muslims, but they do have a distinct point of view on life.” They’ve also traditionally been quicker and faster at taking the local culture and being able to understand what’s not damaging about the local culture and attempting to put it into emphasis,” Malik continues.
- Sufis as potential targets?
- In his explanation, Malik refers to the time when Sufis began making innovations to the faith.
- In response, hardliners who thought that “we must purify and return to our pure beginnings” seized on the Sufis as “a group who were locked in their own ways and advocating more cultural characteristics and aspects from other religions,” which fueled the fires of those hardliners.
- Hellyer cites the more recent birth of Salafism, which began in the 1700s and was “extremely critical of Sufism,” as well as the fact that it stood in direct contradiction to what mainstream Sunni Islam had really depended on.
- According to Hellyer, the story begins with the life of the prophet Mohammed.
- In this instance, the archangel Gabriel approaches the prophet and asks him to define Islam for him.
- After that, Gabriel asks Mohammed to define Iman, which is Arabic for faith.
- When Gabriel answers the third question, it is asked to define Ihsan, which is Arabic for perfection.
- And it is through this that you will derive Sufism.
- However, it is not the sole factor on which Malik bases his decisions.
Having the freedom to interpret and examine its growth has provided it with a position in current times, as well as a reputation for being something independent from and different from mainstream Islam, which we’ve seen in the past.
What is Sufism?
What exactly is Sufism? Sadat Malik2019-06-27T16:57:09-04:00 Sadat Malik2019-06-27T16:57:09-04:00 Sufism is a way of life that allows one to find and live a deeper sense of self and identity. This deeper identity, which goes beyond the already established personality, is in harmony with all that exists. These higher-level identities, also known as the essential self, possess abilities in the realms of awareness, action, creativity, and love that far outweigh those of the superficial personality.
- Rather than being a dogma or a belief system, sufism is a spiritual experience and a way of life.
- Tradition, on the other hand, needs to be created in a living and dynamic way.
- Throughout history, the truth of Sufism has been reinvented and re-expressed in new ways.
- Throughout its history, it has been and will continue to be a critic of “worldliness,” which is defined as anything that causes us to lose sight of the Divine reality.
- Most importantly, it is an invitation to a life of meaning and well-being, which is what we all desire.
- Throughout history, the Islamic revelation has presented itself as the expression of the essential message that has been brought to humanity by prophets of every age.
- Despite the fact that the Qur’an confirmed the validity of previous revelations, it also asserted that the original message had been distorted over time.
- While Sufism considers itself to be the wisdom realized by the great prophets — explicitly including Jesus Christ and Moses as well as David, Solomon, and Abraham, among others — it also considers itself to be the wisdom realized by other unnamed enlightened beings from all cultures.
- Those who believe that true Sufism cannot exist without an appreciation and practice of Islamic principles, on the other hand, are considered to be extremists.
- On the one hand, there are those who accept Sufism in both its form and its essence, and on the other hand, there are those who are Sufi in essence but not in form.
- Sufism was never considered to be separate from the essence of Islam, at least not historically.
While they may have had disagreements with certain interpretations of Islam, they never called into question the fundamental validity of the Qur’anic revelation; nor were they fundamentalists in the sense of rigidly interpreting the revelation or discrediting other faiths, as some have suggested.
- Over the course of fourteen centuries, the broad Sufi tradition has produced a body of literature that is unparalleled on the planet.
- Those who follow the Sufi path today are the heirs to an enormous treasure trove of wisdom literature that dates back thousands of years.
- The appearance of an enlightened teacher whose methods and contributions to the teaching have been sufficient to initiate a new line of growth has been the most common cause of branching.
- An initiated Sufi may be initiated into more than one branch in order to receive the grace (baraka) and knowledge of a particular order in some cases.
- Sufis from one order may, for example, travel to the gatherings of another order to observe their practices.
The charisma of a teacher is valuable in that it can unite students’ hearts to a human being who represents the truth of the teaching; however, there are numerous safeguards in place to remind everyone that personality worship and excessive pride in one’s affiliation are forms of idolatry, which is the greatest “sin.” If there is one central truth recognized by Sufism, it is the unity of being, which means that we are not separate from the Divine.
We are in a unique position to appreciate the unity of being in our time, both emotionally and intellectually.
We are One: one people, one ecology, one universe, one being.
If there is a single truth that is worthy of the title, it is that we are all connected to the Truth rather than being separate from it.
Sufism is concerned with realizing the current of love that flows through human life, as well as the unity that exists beneath the surface of things.
Only presence has the ability to free us from our enslavement to the world and our own mental processes.
It has been said that love is the highest activation of intelligence because, without love, nothing great could be accomplished in any area of life whether it be spiritual, artistic, social, or scientific in nature.
The lover is someone who has been purified by love, who is free of himself and his own qualities, and who is completely devoted to the Beloved in every way.
The Sufi, according to Shebli, sees nothing else in the two worlds than God.
It is written in an accessible style.
This is a sign of presence in the absence of an absence.
According to the Sufi tradition, humanity is currently suffering under the most severe form of tyranny, the tyranny of the ego.
There are a plethora of ways for the human ego to usurp even the most fundamental spiritual principles.
What matters more than what we believe is how we live our lives.
It is necessary to seek an even more fundamental remedy if the medication worsens the illness.
We have lost our essential Self, our own divine spark, as a result of our obsession with our false selves and our refusal to acknowledge God’s presence in our lives.
It is only by remembering God that we can begin to remember ourselves. Here is an extract from the bookLiving Presence: A Sufi Path to Mindfulnessthe Essential Self. The book is available fromThreshold Books. Jeremy Tarcher, Inc. is the publisher. a link to the page’s load