Islam Facts Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God, who in Arabic is known as Allah. Followers of Islam aim to live a life of complete submission to Allah. They believe that nothing can happen without Allah’s permission, but humans have free will.
- 1 What are the 6 main beliefs of Islam?
- 2 What is Islam religion based on?
- 3 Does Islam celebrate Christmas?
- 4 Who wrote the Quran?
- 5 What are 5 facts about Islam?
- 6 Do Muslims believe in God?
- 7 Who is Allah in the Bible?
- 8 Do Muslims drink alcohol?
- 9 Do Muslims eat chocolate?
- 10 Do Muslims celebrate birthdays?
- 11 Which is older Quran or Bible?
- 12 What was first the Quran or the Bible?
- 13 Who is the best human in the world in Islam?
- 14 Islam
- 15 The foundations of Islam
- 16 Sources of Islamic doctrinal and social views
- 17 What is Islam? – Center for Religious & Spiritual Life
- 18 The religion of Islam
- 19 Islam: Basic Beliefs
- 20 Islam Fast Facts
- 21 What is Islam?
What are the 6 main beliefs of Islam?
Muslims have six main beliefs.
- Belief in Allah as the one and only God.
- Belief in angels.
- Belief in the holy books.
- Belief in the Prophets e.g. Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Dawud (David), Isa (Jesus).
- Belief in the Day of Judgement
- Belief in Predestination
What is Islam religion based on?
The basis for Islamic doctrine is found in the Qur’an (Koran). Muslims believe the Qur’an is the word of God, spoken by the angel Gabriel to Muhammad. The Qur’an was only in oral form while Muhammad was living, which means it was constantly interpreted by Muhammad and his disciples.
Does Islam celebrate Christmas?
“Islam teaches to respect others’ values and culture. As Muslims, we don’t celebrate Christmas but as a member of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community, we help people attend church services, take part in food drives and try to help and play a part in the joy of those individuals who are celebrating alone.
Who wrote the Quran?
The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.
What are 5 facts about Islam?
25 Interesting Facts about Islam
- Islam means “surrender” or “submission”
- Haji pilgrimage.
- It’s the second largest religion in the world.
- Muslims should pray 5 times a day.
- The Quran is the holy book.
- There are five pillars.
- Jihad does not mean “holy war”
- The original Arabic text of the Quran has not been altered.
Do Muslims believe in God?
Belief in the Oneness of God: Muslims believe that God is the creator of all things, and that God is all-powerful and all-knowing. Muslims believe that these earlier scriptures in their original form were divinely revealed, but that only the Quran remains as it was first revealed to the prophet Muhammad.
Who is Allah in the Bible?
Allah, Arabic Allāh ( “God” ), the one and only God in Islam. Etymologically, the name Allah is probably a contraction of the Arabic al-Ilāh, “the God.” The name’s origin can be traced to the earliest Semitic writings in which the word for god was il, el, or eloah, the latter two used in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament).
Do Muslims drink alcohol?
Although alcohol is considered haram (prohibited or sinful) by the majority of Muslims, a significant minority drinks, and those who do often outdrink their Western counterparts. Among drinkers, Chad and a number of other Muslim-majority countries top the global ranking for alcohol consumption.
Do Muslims eat chocolate?
Chocolate that has ingredients like animal fats or alcohol is haram. If alcohol is used to clean the machinery that makes the chocolate bars, then that chocolate is also considered unfit for consumption for Muslims. If the glue used in the packaging is derived from animal fats, that also makes the chocolate haram.
Do Muslims celebrate birthdays?
Muslims don’t even celebrate the birthday of prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Birthdays are a cultural tradition. Muslims do not celebrate Christmas like Christians. Other Muslims may not celebrate birthdays for cultural reasons because it does not say in the Quran or in valid hadith that we can not celebrate birthdays.
Which is older Quran or Bible?
The Bible is older than the Quran. The Quran was written by Muhammad in the 500 ADs. The Bible consists of books written centuries before. All of them were compiled into the Bible at a later time but the books themselves existed before the Quran.
What was first the Quran or the Bible?
The Bible was written first by many years. The Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) was writing from approximately 1200 to 160 BC (BCE). The New Testament was written from around 65 to 95 AD (CE). The Quran was written in the 7th century.
Who is the best human in the world in Islam?
2020 edition. In 2020, the top five were Sheikh Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani of Pakistan, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey; King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia; Ayatollah Hajj Sayyid Ali Khamenei of Iran; King Abdullah II Ibn Al-Hussein of Jordan.
Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century CE propagated Islam, which is a prominent international religion. The Arabic termislam, which literally translates as “submission,” illustrates the essential theological notion of Islam: that the believer (also known as a Muslim, from the active component ofislam) accepts surrender to the will ofAllah (in Arabic, Allah is translated as “God”). According to Islam, Allah is the one God, who is the creator, sustainer, and restorer of the universe.
In Islam, Muhammad is regarded as the final prophet in a line of prophets that includes Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Solomon, and Jesus, and his teaching both summarizes and completes the “revelations” credited to preceding prophets, according to Islamic tradition.
By the beginning of the twenty-first century, there were more than 1.5 billion Muslims in the globe.
Britannica QuizIslam What is your level of knowledge about the Prophet Muhammad?
With this quiz, you may see how well you know about Islam.
The history of the numerous peoples who have adopted Islam is also discussed in the article Islamic world.
The foundations of Islam
When Islam was first introduced to the world, Muhammad instilled in his followers an understanding of brotherhood as well as a shared commitment to their faith. These qualities contributed to the development among his followers of a strong sense of closeness that was heightened by their experiences of persecution as a fledgling community in Mecca. It was only through a deep devotion to the teachings of the Qur’anic revelation and the evident socioeconomic substance of Islamic religious activities that this bond of faith could be strengthened.
The religion of Islam developed its distinctive ethos during this early period, as a religion that encompassed both the spiritual and temporal aspects of life, and that sought to regulate not only the individual’s relationship with God (through conscience), but also human relationships in a social setting.
Select Muslim intellectuals did not differentiate between the religious (private) and the secular (public) until the twentieth century, and only in some countries, such as Turkey, was the distinction formalized.
This dual religious and social character of Islam, which manifests itself in one way as a religious community commissioned by God to bring its own value system to the world through theji After the Prophet’s death in 632ce, they had placed a huge portion of the world under the control of a new ArabMuslim empire, stretching from Spain to Central Asia and India.
- Islam’s fundamental equality within the community of the faithful, as well as its explicit discrimination against adherents of other religions, attracted a large number of recruits quickly.
- They were, however, obligated to pay a per capita tax known as jizyah, as contrast to pagans, who were forced to either adopt Islam or die as a result of their refusal.
- During the period after the 12th century, the Sufis (Muslim mystics) were largely responsible for the spread of Islam in India, Central Asia, Turkey, and sub-Saharan Africa, as well as other parts of the world (see below).
- Islam was brought to Indonesia in the 14th century, but it had little time to establish a political foothold in the country before the region fell under the control of the Dutch.
- All elements of Muslim society, on the other hand, are united by a shared religious belief and a sense of belonging to a single community of believers.
In the mid-20th century, the religion of Islam aided many Muslim peoples across their quest for political independence, and the oneness of Islam led to subsequent political solidarity in the world.
In Islamic theology, law, and thinking in general, four sources, or essential principles (ul), are relied upon: (1) the Qur’an, (2) the Sunnah (or “Traditions”), (3) the Ijma (or “consensus”), and (4) the Ijtihd (or “individual thought”). Known as the Qur’an (literally, “reading” or “recitation”), it is said to be the verbatimword, or speech, of God, as given to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel. It is the most important source of Islamic doctrine since it is divided into 114 suras (chapters) of varying length.
- The suras revealed at Medina at a later stage in the Prophet’s life are primarily concerned with social law and the political-moral principles that should guide the formation and organization of the community.
- Photograph by Orhan Am/Fotolia Pre-Islamic Arabs used the term sunnah (which means “a well-trodden road”) to refer to their tribe or common law systems.
- Six of these compilations, which were collected in the 3rd centuryah (9th centuryce), came to be considered as particularly authoritative by the Sunnis, who constitute the majority of Islam’s population.
- To unify legal theory and practice, as well as to remove individual and regional variations of opinion, the doctrine ofijm, also known as orconsensus, was established in the 2nd centuryah (eighth centuryce).
- The concept of Ahijm has existed since the 3rd century and has come to represent a principle of stability in thought; topics on which consensus had been established in practice were deemed closed, and any further meaningful questioning of them was forbidden.
Finding the legal or doctrinal answer to a new situation necessitated the use of the word ijtihd, which means “to endeavor” or “to exert effort.” During the early period of Islamic history, becauseijtihd took the form of individual opinion (ray), there was an abundance of contradictory and chaotic viewpoints to choose from.
While the “gate ofijtihd” in Sunni Islam was effectively closed by the turning of Ijm into a conservative mechanism and the adoption of a final collection of Hadith, the “gate ofijtihd” remained open in Shi’ism.
The Qur’an and Hadith are studied in further detail below. It will be addressed below in the frameworks of Islamictheology, philosophy, and law what the importance of Ijm and Ijtih is.
What is Islam? – Center for Religious & Spiritual Life
Muslims are among the most recent of the main global faiths, and as a result, they are also among the most well-documented and historically verifiable of them. History of Islam begins with the life of Muhammad ibn Abdullah, who was born in Mecca, which is today’s Saudi Arabia, in 570 CE. Muhammad ibn Abdullah is considered the founder of Islam. However, very little is known about Muhammad’s early life. He was born into the Hashemite clan of this powerful Quraysh tribe, but nothing is known about his early life.
- According to legend, Muhammad’s first marriage was to Khadijah, a wealthy merchant who was attracted to him because of this characteristic.
- After witnessing his professional and personal accomplishments, she proposed to him and they were married the next year.
- The marriage was reportedly pleasant, and Muhammad did not remarry while she was still living, according to all indications.
- In addition to being a religious leader, it is stated that Muhammad was also a spiritual man who had the habit of retreating to a cave in the mountains to reflect and contemplate in isolation on a regular basis.
- It was the first of many revelations that Muhammad would receive during his career.
- Every year, thousands of Muslims participate in the “Night of Power,” during which they remain up throughout the night in prayer.
- It was also necessary for them to begin living lives that were more ethical and socially responsible.
During Muhammad’s lifetime, another amazing incident happened around the year 619.
First, Muhammad went to Jerusalem on the back of an aburqa, a winged horse with wings.
God revealed to Muhammad the ultimate form of the daily prayers while he was there.
As the persecution of Muhammad and his followers, known as Muslims, grew more intense, he began looking for a safer location where they might live in peace with their beliefs.
In exchange for his presence, they pledged to convert and build an Islamic way of life for the entire city if he came.
The Prophet Muhammad arrived in Yathrib in 622 and founded a prosperous theocracy in the city that would later become known as Medina (medinat al-Nabimeans “city of the Prophet”).
While in Medina, Muhammad continued to receive revelations from God, but these revelations, which are recorded in the Qur’an as the Medinansuras, were of a more pragmatic nature, with a focus on solidifying Islamic society and establishing communal norms and rules of behavior rather than on spiritual matters.
According to Islam, adoration is reserved solely for God. Although Muhammad died in 632 CE, it should be evident that his legacy continues to have profound and tremendous importance long after his death.
What Is the Qur’an?
Muslims are among the most recent of the main global faiths, and as a result, they are also among the most recorded and historically verified of them all. History of Islam begins with the life of Muhammad ibn Abdullah, who was born in Mecca, which is today’s Saudi Arabia, in 570 CE. Muhammad ibn Abdullah is known as the Prophet Muhammad. However, very little is known about Muhammad’s early life because he was born into the Hashemite clan of this powerful Quraysh tribe. In his latter years, he worked as a merchant, and he was greatly respected for his wisdom and integrity; he is referred to as al-Amin by his people, which means “smart and trustworthy” (the trustworthy one).
- She hired Muhammad to oversee her caravans, and after witnessing his professional and personal perfection, she proposed to him, and the two were married in 595 CE, according to the Islamic calendar.
- According to all accounts, it was a blissful marriage, and Muhammad did not remarry while she was still living.
- In addition to being a religious leader, it is stated that Muhammad was also a spiritual man who had the habit of retreating to a cave in the mountains to reflect and contemplate in peace on a regular basis.
- Today, Muslims observe the anniversary of this first revelation on the twenty-seventh night of Ramadan, which is the date of the revelation.
Initially, Muhammad did not receive any additional revelations, but they soon began to arrive again, and all of these prophesies (which are referred to as the Meccansuras recorded in the Qur’an) had essentially the same message: The people had strayed from the proper worship of the one true God, and they needed to repent and learn to worship Allah alone, rather than idols as they had done in previous centuries.
- In addition, they needed to begin living more ethical and socially responsible lives in order to achieve success.
- Another amazing incident took place in Muhammad’s life around the year 619.
- Muhammad first traveled to Jerusalem on the back of an aburqa, a winged steed.
- The complete form of daily prayers was revealed to Muhammad at that point by God.
- Muhammad began his hunt for a safer location where he and his followers, known as Muslims, might dwell in peace as the persecution against them increased.
- In exchange for his presence, they pledged to convert and create an Islamic way of life in the city if he did come.
- In 622, he traveled to Yathrib, which later became known as Medina (medinat al-Nabimeans “city of the Prophet”), where he founded a prosperous theocracy.
- As a result, the year 622 ce is considered to be the first year of the Muslim calendar.
- These messages from God, which were recorded in the Qur’an and are known as the Medinansuras, were focused on the consolidation of Islamic society and the establishment of communal standards and regulations of behavior.
Although Muhammad died in 632 CE, it should be clear that his legacy continues to have profound and tremendous importance long after his death.
The Five Pillars of Islam
As a result, the five basic activities of Islam are historically known as “pillars,” which is an effective metaphor for emphasizing the importance of these practices and the role they play in sustaining one’s life as a Muslim. Islam’s foundational activities are the five rituals that Muslims engage in to reflect their religious identity and show their engagement in the greater community, which are referred to as its five pillars. There is significance in how they shape religious habits and thinking, but also in the way they structure and organize an individual’s whole life.
- First and foremost, theshahadah.
- Muslims are obligated to do particular prayers five times a day, at various times throughout the day, including at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and evening.
- These prayers are performed according to a precise set of rites, which include a series of ablutions, which, in addition to washing the body, also represent the purity required to appear before God.
- In order to demonstrate God’s ultimate control over creation, as well as to demonstrate reverence and obedience to God, it is thought that one should annually give back a part of one’s riches to God.
- Zakat, on the other hand, is more structured than that, with the vast majority of Muslims agreeing that 212 percent of one’s total assets should be donated for this reason.
- This month is the holiest month of the year in Islam because it celebrates the first revelation of the Qur’an to Muhammad, which took place somewhere around the end of the month, making it the most important month of the year.
- Because Islam follows a lunar calendar, Ramadan is observed during each of the twelve months of the year over a period of many years.
This holds true to a greater or lesser extent depending on one’s geographic region.
In many Muslim nations, the whole rhythm of the day is changed to accommodate the Ramadan fast, which includes eateries closing during the day but remaining open later into the evening in order to accommodate the fast.
It is preceded by a special almsgiving to benefit the poor and less fortunate.
Every year, around two million Muslims from all over the world go to Mecca (located in Saudi Arabia) to partake in this life-changing event with their fellow Muslims.
In particular, the males wear two pieces of white cloth that have not been sewed together, which many people keep and use as a funeral shroud.
The Ka’aba, a square structure believed to have been built by Ibrahim and Isma’il to serve as a place of worship for the one true God, serves as the focal point of thehajj both literally and figuratively.
Daily prayers are focused directly at this particular edifice, which serves as the physical core of Islam. The rituals take about a week to complete, and most participants rely on guides to ensure that they are carried out correctly and in the proper order.
The Concept ofJihad
The notion of jihad is perhaps the most misunderstood and misconstrued concept in all of Islam. First and first, it should be noted that Muhammad did indeed speak about the significance of jihad, but his explanation was in no way comparable to the connotations that the word has today, particularly in an American setting. The term itself derives from an Arabic origin that literally translates as “to struggle” or “to strain oneself.” It is used in two separate ways in the Qur’an and Islamic tradition to represent two different “struggles”: the internal struggle to be faithful and obedient to God, and the external military fight against God’s enemies.
It should go without saying that the type of terrorist activities carried out under the guise of jihad have been resoundingly and unequivocally rejected by the overwhelming majority of Muslims around the world, precisely because the conditions outlined above were flagrantly violated by the perpetrators.
As well as urging believers to “strive in the way of God with a service worthy of Him” (Qur’an 22:78) and promising “We shall guide those who strive in our cause to the roads leading straight to Us” (Qur’an 29:69), the Qur’an also mentions this form of effort.
For Further Reading:
Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization, written by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, is a comprehensive study of Islam. Jonathan Bloom’s Islam: A Thousand Years of Faith and Power is a must-read. Sheila Blair is a well-known actress. Islam is a religious belief system. Observations, written by Caesar E. Farah Karen Armstrong’s Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet is available on Amazon. The Oxford History of Islam, edited by John L. Esposito, is a comprehensive history of Islam.
Islam: Continuity and Change in the Modern World, by John O. Voll, is a book about Islam in the modern world. This quotation may be found in practically every literature that discusses the notion of jihad. See, for example, Esposito et al., World Religions Today, p. 243 (World Religions Today).
The religion of Islam
The Creator has selected human beings on a periodic basis to disclose His words to the rest of humanity. In fact, the Qur’an makes numerous references to Prophets like as Abraham, Noah, David, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, and Jesus, to name a few. As a result of these teachings and revelations, Islam was established, with Muhammad as the last Prophet. The Qur’an makes a clear distinction between the historical history of Islam and the integration of past revelations into Islam. As a result, Islam is not a newly discovered faith.
In a nutshell, it is the last of God’s messages to reach humankind through Prophet Muhammad, who was selected by the Creator to be the carrier of his last and all-encompassing revelation.
As a result, Christians and Jews are referred to as the “People of the Book” in the Qur’an because they have received messages from God through Moses and the Old Testament prophets, as well as through Jesus, who is believed in Islam to have been born as the result of a miracle by the Blessed Virgin Mary.
- It was heavenly inspiration, which the Prophet occasionally expressed in the midst of his companions, that exhibited the divine revelations.
- Some forty years after his death, they were recorded in the written form that has survived until the present day without alteration or modification.
- They come in a variety of sizes and shapes.
- The longest piece is placed first, while the tiniest piece is placed last.
- The Arabian peninsula has a long history of literary achievement: prose and poetry of all kinds were widely cultivated across the region, particularly in Yemen.
- Many people do not think that it could have been created by a human person, particularly an uneducated one, and they are right.
- Among the factors that led to early conversions were the fact that Prophet Muhammad was a trustworthy individual, and that his early followers were individuals whose morality had been well-established and durable among the various Arab tribes at the time of their conversions.
It is via parallels, maxims, and anecdotes that the author creates picture of a great “psychological moment,” full of elan, which instills a reassuring feeling of tremendous destiny in this life and enduring satisfaction in paradise.
In the modern world, moral ideals are entwined with history, and the particulars of daily life are predicated on a continuity with life in the hereafter.
Human interaction, as well as the relationship between man and his Creator, are all covered in detail by the journal’s themes.
In the Upper Swat village of Bahrain, south of Kalam, Pakistan, a guy sits beside a carved column and reads from a copy of the Qur’an, which he has brought with him.
Say, oh Muslims, that we believe in Allah and in the revelations given to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, as well as to the tribes, as well as in the revelations given to Moses and Jesus, as well as in the revelations given to the Prophet by the Almighty.
(We are adherents of Islam.) 2:136 (Qur’an) God, humanity, and religion are the three fundamental tenets of Islam, and they are interconnected.
Islamic teachings are premised on the concept that there is only one true God, Allah, who is both the Creator of the cosmos and the Creator of humans.
There is only one religion that governs the relationship that exists between God and His creation.
Throughout the Qur’an, there is mention of the formation of the earth and other heavenly bodies from the chaos and darkness of creation.
Assuming that God created this one-of-a-kind cosmos and fashioned people to live in it, it follows that God spoke with humankind through a single religion, even though the revelations came in sequential waves.
If one thinks that there is only one humankind, which is a component of a single cosmos created by a single God, then one believes in the existence of an interdependence between all things created.
It also establishes the framework for permissible economic, social, and political institutions, as well as the principles and standards by which individuals should conduct themselves in their interactions with one another.
Islam is, in this regard, a religion that is very much focused on the law.
The impact of Islam should not be understood in a purely legalistic perspective, but rather as giving a framework that ensures fundamental fairness and justice to all people and all races.
In order to fulfill his Ibada, or duty to Allah, the Muslim must express himself by his acts, conduct, and speech.
Life in this world is a transitional period, and the immortal soul will be judged by the Almighty on Judgment Day based on its intentions as well as its acts, according to the Bible.
One of Islam’s most important themes is forgiveness and kindness.
Allah in Arabic refers to the one and only genuine God, who is both the beginning and the end of all things, and who is neither born nor given birth.
With the duty to give testimony and admit the oneness, indiscriminateness, unity, and uniqueness of God, the believer is also obligated to declare that Muhammad is God’s messenger and prophet, in addition to the command to do so.
It is the contribution of a particular proportion of one’s income in order to assist the less fortunate and to further the goals of the community as a whole.
It is both concrete and intangible to practice sadaqa (prayer).
Zakat, on the other hand, is palpable.
Other than Muslims, the people of the book (Christians and Jews) are not obligated to pay Zakat, but are instead subject to a separate tax known as Jizyah.
(Because the Islamic lunar calendar is 11 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan’s occurrence on the Islamic calendar is shifted annually in regard to the Gregorian calendar.) It is a total fast, requiring that nothing other than necessary medicine be consumed by the individual.
The fasting of Ramadan is waived for those who are unwell or traveling, but they must make up for lost time by fasting and giving to the Zakat fund.
Fasting is prescribed for you in the same way that it was given for those who came before you, in order that you may (learn) self-restraint.
The practice comes from the divine commandment given to Muhammad to rebuild the first temple of worship dedicated to God in Mecca, which was destroyed by an earthquake.
The Prophet developed the rites of the hajj, which are still in use today.
The practice also helps to build the bonds that exist between believers from all walks of life and all parts of the world.
Makkah al-Mukarramah, also known as “Makkah the Honored,” was the site of the Prophet Muhammad’s birth in 570 CE.
The roughly cubical structure, which stands 15 meters high (48 feet), was originally constructed as a place of worship for the one God by Ibrahim (Abraham) and Isma’il (Ishmael).
Photograph by Peter Sanders for Aramco World Magazine, January-February 1999.
Individual prayers are required to be said five times a day: at dawn, noon (when the sun is at the center of the sky), afternoon (when the sun is halfway to sunset), sunset, and night (if necessary) (after sunset but before sunrise).
Muslims believe that Friday is the last day of creation, just as Christians and Jews believe Sunday is the last day of creation.
When this is the case, the prayers are led by an imam, who is often either a person who has had formal Islamic training or merely a member of the group who is more informed, older, or who is perceived by the others as being particularly devout.
Being able to stand shoulder to shoulder, regardless of one’s position in life, signifies equality before the Almighty.
When he kneels, the Muslim places his forehead on the ground as a symbol of the equality of all men as well as humility and worship of God.
All Muslims who pray face Mecca, which is where the Ka’ba is located.
It used to be customary to face Jerusalem, which is considered to be the second holiest city in Islam, when praying.
Since the fall of communism in 1990, Albania, the only European country with a Muslim majority, has seen a resurgence in the number of people flocking to the mosques.
When it comes to Sunni tradition, the imam does not necessarily have any special religious status simply because he is in charge of the prayer service.
After completing a rigorous theological education in secondary school, college, and graduate studies at a theological university, one is eligible to apply for this position.
This is done not just for the sake of hygiene, but also to give the mind a rest from the previous activities.
The prayers are usually announced by the muadhin, who chants or intones a summons or call to prayer (the adhan), which signals the beginning of the prayers.
It is customary for Muslims to begin their prayers with “Allahu akbar,” which means “God is magnificent.” This is a phrase that is regularly repeated by Muslims, either in prayers or in other circumstances, to emphasize the unity and omnipotence of the Creator.
When a glad or appreciative reaction is appropriate in a given scenario, they are utilized in that situation.
The mosque is a sign of the uncompromising essence of Islamic monotheism, which can be seen throughout the world.
No images that could be associated with religious idolatry, which is prohibited by Islam, can be found in this publication.
The straw mats or rugs that cover the mosque’s floors are sometimes used as a covering.
It is important that there is no coercion in religion: Truth distinguishes itself clearly from error: whoever rejects evil and believes in God has seized the most reliable hand-hold, which will never fail him or her.
God, on the other hand, hears and knows everything. 2:256 (Qur’an) “Those of you who have the best morals are the most deserving of praise.” Hadith (proverb) of the Prophet
Islam: Basic Beliefs
Islam is a monotheistic religion that is based on the belief in a single God (Allah). According to this view, it has certain beliefs in common with those of Judaism and Christianity in that it traces its origins back to the patriarch Abraham, and ultimately to the first prophet Adam. Throughout history, prophets have taught the same universal message of faith in a single God and charity toward one another. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the lineage of prophets that began with Adam and ended with Moses.
- He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a trader.
- The people were worshipping a plethora of gods and had lost sight of the prophet Abraham’s warning that they should only serve one God.
- It was during one of these occurrences, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, that he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril (Gabriel).
- In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah, rather than gratifying themselves.
- Muslims constitute 1.2 billion people worldwide, with 7 million living in the United States.
- Indonesia and India have the greatest Muslim populations of any of the countries in the world.
- Despite the fact that they hold similar fundamental principles, they disagree on who should be the legitimate head of Islam following Muhammad’s death.
- “Allah” is just the Arabic word for God, and it means “God.” He is the same God who is adored by people of all religions and who is the same global God.
- Furthermore, “Allah” does not have a plural form.
- Religions based on belief in one God (Allah)
- Belief in angels
- Belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
- Belief in all of God’s prophets sent to mankind, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Although Muslims believe in Isa or Jesus, they do not see Jesus as the Son of God in the same sense that Christians do. Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment and life after death, but Christians do not. The highest reward for doing good things is growing in one’s relationship with God
- Faith in the decree of God. Therefore, God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission
- But, he has granted human people the ability to choose whether they will be good or evil. At the conclusion of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and decisions.
These are practical guidelines for putting Muslim principles into practice on a daily basis, including:
- Declaring one’s confidence in Allah and Muhammad as His prophet or message (shahadah) is a way of bearing testimony or testifying that there is only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is His prophet or messenger. Salat (ritual prayer)—the five daily prayers are conducted at various times throughout the day, including sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. The prayers are offered in the Arabic language and with the direction of Mecca as their focus. Giving 2.5 percent of one’s wealth to the poor and needy is known as zakah (alms tax) in Islam. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, known as Ramadan, is marked by fasting during daylight hours by Muslims across the world. The goal is to remind individuals of the goodness of what they have and to demonstrate equality with those who are less fortunate than they are. In Islam, the month of Ramadan is a time for study and self-discipline. Performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) in Mecca to the Ka’bah is considered obligatory for Muslims at least once throughout their lives. Several scholars think that Ibrahim (Abraham) and one of his sons were responsible for the construction of the Ka’bah. Muhammad restored it as a place of devotion for Allah. As a result, Muslims consider it to be a particularly sacred location.
Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.
Every day, they read a portion of it. According to Islam, the Sunnah is a written record of Muhammad’s words and actions. The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran. It also contains guidance on matters like as belief, worship, and behavior.
Islam Fast Facts
(CNN) Take a look at Islam for a moment. Islam is translated as “submission” or “surrender” in several languages. Surrender to Allah’s will – Allah is the Arabic word meaning God.
Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Abraham, Moses, Noah, David, and Jesus are some of the other prophets that lived throughout this time period.
- – The Salat, also known as the Salah, is a daily religious ceremonial prayer performed five times a day.
- In the month of Ramadan, a Sawm is a fast that is observed.
- The pilgrimage begins on the seventh or eighth day of the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar and concludes on the 12th day of the same month, depending on when you start.
- For Muslims, it is the holiest spot in the planet.
- Muslims believe that the Quran contains divine words or revelations that serve as the foundation of their faith.
- The Quran contains a total of 114 chapters.
- A Jihad, according to Islamic traditions, is a fight that is waged while adhering to God’s mandates on a personal level as well as on a communal one.
Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam and is also the most populous. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs (leaders) are the genuine heirs to Muhammad’s position. Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab founded the Wahabi sect in Saudi Arabia, which is made of members of the Tameem tribe who adhere to the stringent orthodox teachings of Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab. The Shiite (or Shia) sect of Islam, the second-largest branch of Islam, believes that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the genuine heirs to Muhammad, and rejects the first three caliphs as unfit for office.
Furthermore, they observe a number of Christian and Zoroastrian holidays in addition to Islamic holidays.
They were well-known for their uncompromising opinions on the Quran’s adherence as well as for their extremist fundamentalist views.
The Nation of Islam is a predominantly African-American religious organization that was formed in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. It is a Sunni sect, as the name suggests. Other Sunni and Shiite sects exist in African and Arab countries, as well as in other parts of the world.
In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.
Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.
Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world. Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.
657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.
What is Islam?
Islam is the name of the religion that Muslims practice and adhere to. People who practice Islam are referred to as Muslims, in the same way that people who practice Christianity are referred to as Christian. Muslim submission can be deduced from the literal and lexical sense of the word. Religions such as Islam are derived from the root Arabic letters s-l-m, which are the same root letters from which the word peace (salam) is derived. Islam, in and of itself, does not mean peace, but it indicates that one can achieve peace (salam) by submitting to the will of Allah (islam).
Islam is a religion, but Arabs are a race of people.
Arabs account for around 13 percent of the Muslim population.
Other faiths are frequently named after a specific individual or group of people.
Islam did not receive its name from Muhammad because Islam existed before to his time.
These prophets were Adam, Abraham, Noah, and Moses.
Starting with Adam and continuing until today, this is a story of redemption. God would send fresh Prophets and Messengers with the passage of time to remind people of His message and to worship only Him. Islam’s last Prophet, Muhammad (peace be upon him), is the last of these Prophets.
What do Muslims believe?
- Muslims believe in God, who they consider to be the Creator of the cosmos. God is referred to as Allah in Arabic. Because Allah does not have a gender in linguistic terms and cannot be rendered plural, Muslims sometimes prefer to refer to God by the name Allah rather than God. The word God in English might be translated as goddess or gods. The central teaching of the Qur’an is that there is only one God. He does not have a partner, a kid, or anybody to aid him
- Angels are believed to exist by Muslims. There are a great number of angels, and they all serve God. Angels, in contrast to humans, do not have free choice and are bound to obey all of God’s orders. Different angels are tasked with doing different jobs. When it came to human Prophets and Messengers, for example, it was the angel Gabriel who was in charge of transmitting the message of God. The Angel Michael (Mikaaeel) was in charge of bringing down the rain. Angels are also there to aid and support believers through tough times.
- Muslims hold all Prophets and Messengers in high regard. A Muslim is obligated to believe in the existence of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Joseph, Jesus, and Muhammad, all of whom are blessed with blessings. They all came with the same message: to worship only one God and not to associate any other gods with him
- To worship only one God and not to associate any other gods with him
- Muslims also hold fast to all of the prior scriptures that God has delivered to His Prophets and Messengers throughout history. In this order, Moses received the Torah, Abraham received the scrolls of scripture, David received the Psalms, and Jesus received the Injeel. There is no other preceding text that has been totally preserved in its original form, with the exception of the Quran. Many of these texts were either lost or distorted throughout the course of time. According to Islamic tradition, the Qur’an was delivered as a “last testament,” and it serves as God’s ultimate word to mankind.
- Muslims believe that there is an afterlife. There will come a day of judgment when God will hold individuals accountable for their conduct while they are still alive on this planet. Those who have done good will be welcomed into heaven, while those who have done bad will either be pardoned or punished in the hereafter. Everyone’s acts in this world will be repaid in full
- There will be no exceptions.
- Last but not least, Muslims believe in God’s almighty decision and will. God is aware of all that will take place in the future. His actions don’t compel humans to make decisions
- Rather, we decide what we want to do. However, there are some things that God has determined that are out of our hands and cannot be changed. These things include the time and place of our birth, the place and time of our death, and everything else that happens that is out of our control, such as the weather. Muslims recognize and accept these conditions as part of God’s decision and will.
Being a Muslim is defined by one’s belief in these six principles. A Muslim may or may not adhere to the teachings of Islam fully; he or she may commit crimes and make mistakes; yet as long as they hold to these principles, they are regarded to be a Muslim. To put it another way, these are the most fundamental qualifications for becoming a Muslim. Do you have any more questions? Call us at 877-WhyIslam, we’ll tell you all you need to know! a link to the page’s load