When To Break Fast Islam? (TOP 5 Tips)

It is recommended that before sunrise, Muslims eat a prefast meal known as suhur. This meal often resembles breakfast, but in some cultures it may include more dinner-like foods. After sundown, Muslims break their fast with iftar, a meal which usually starts with dates and water or milk, followed by dinner.


What is the correct time to break fast?

The best time to have breakfast is within two hours after waking up. The sooner you eat breakfast after you wake up, the better it is for your metabolism. Breakfast helps in decreasing appetite. Consuming breakfast first thing in the morning greatly decreases hunger and cravings throughout the day.

How many minutes before Maghrib Can you break your fast?

DON’T break your fast before maghrib rather, whatever time it says on your local masjid calendar, wait 2–3 minutes just to be careful. this advice was given to me by an imam btw. You break your fast when the sun sets. Maghrib prayers can follow after that has occurred; the breaking of the fast!

When did Prophet Muhammad break his fast?

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Whenever you sight the new moon (of the month of Ramadan) observe fast. and when you sight it (the new moon of Shawwal) break it, and if the sky is cloudy for you, then observe fast for thirty days.

Do you break your fast at Maghrib or sunset?

All Muslim groups break their fast at Maghrib, which is sunset. But there’s minor differences of opinion as to exactly what angle the sun has to be below the horizon to constitute sunset, and based on that they break their fasts at slightly different times.

What is the DUA to break fast?

Dua for breaking fast in Ramadan: Allahumma inni laka sumtu, wa bika aamantu, [wa ‘alayka tawakkaltu], wa Ala rizqika aftartu. English translation: Oh Allah! I fasted for You and I believe in You [and I put my trust in You] and I break my fast with Your sustenance.

Is Maghrib and iftar the same?

Description. Iftar is one of the religious observances of Ramadan, and is often done as a community, with Muslim people gathering to break their fast together. The meal is taken just after the call to the Maghrib prayer, which is around sunset.

Why do Muslims break their fast at Maghrib?

After fasting through the day, Sunni Muslims may break their fast as soon as the daily maghrib prayer begins, which is when the sun is no longer visible on the horizon (although the sky is often still quite light).

Is it haram to pray before breaking fast?

The answer is yes; it is perfectly fine to make Salat before you break your fast. It does not make a difference to make Salat before you break your fast, or after you break your fast. Here is what the Quran has to say about fasting.

What should I do before Iftar?

Here’s What You Should Know Before Attending Your First Iftar

  • Want to attend an Iftar?
  • Don’t feel the need to bring anything.
  • Dress in modest attire.
  • Don’t worry about fasting beforehand.
  • Make sure to show up on time.
  • Leave your shoes at the door.
  • Know what happens after you break fast.

Did the Prophet Muhammad fast?

The Prophet (SAW) would fast every Monday, Thursday, and the so-called Lunar Days which are the 13th, 14th, 15th or every Lunar Month – these days sum up to roughly one-third of the month. On regular days, Prophet Muhammad (SAW) would practice intermittent fasting which is eating once a day.

What is the Sunnah way to break fast?

Sunnah To Break The Fast As Soon As You Can (Hasten to Iftar). Sahl b. Sa’d (Allah be pleased with him) repotted Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: The people will continue to prosper as long as they hasten the breaking of the fast. 6.

Can I pray maghrib before breaking fast?

Yes, it is. Break your fast with a glass of water, and a fruit (if available) before Maghrib prayers. the duration of the fasting is from fajr to maghrib (dawn to dusk), it starts at fajr and ends at maghrib, according to prophets teaching a muslim should break his fasting at maghrib.

What Quran says about breaking fast?

Actually, the Koran does not specify any penalty for breaking the fast neither in private nor in public. As a matter of fact, the prophet never punished a person for breaking the fast for a legal reason.

When do Sunnis break their fast?

Sectarian Differences. For the most part, Sunnis and Shias observe Ramadan the same way, but there are some differences. For one, Sunnis break their fast at sunset, once the sun is no longer visible, but there is still light in the sky. However, for Shias they wait to break after it gets completely dark.

When should the fasting person break his fast? – Islam Question & Answer

Should one break his or her fast after the sun has set or should one wait until the sun has completely vanished from the horizon? Allah be praised for his mercies. The Sunnah dictates that one should break one’s fast as soon is possible, which entails breaking one’s fast as soon as the sun sets. Delaying the fast until after the sun has set is a habit of the Jews, and the Raafidis (Shi’ah) have followed in their footsteps. As a result, it is not permissible to purposefully postpone it until later in the evening or until the conclusion of the adhaan.

Sahl ibn Sa’d said that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) stated, “The people will continue to be well as long as they hurry to end their fast.” Al-account Bukhaari’s dates from 1856; Muslim’s account dates from 1098.

Essentially, this indicates that so long as Muslims adhere to this Sunnah, the ummah’s affairs will remain in order and everything will be well.

Sharh Muslim, 7/208; Sharh Muslim, 7/208 When I was with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on a voyage, he kept a fast till the afternoon, it was said that Abu Awfa (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: When a guy approached him, he instructed him to “make a certain type of cuisine for me.” “Why don’t you just wait until it’s evening?” the man said.

  • Al-account Bukhaari’s dates from 1857; Muslim’s account dates from 1101.
  • She questioned: “Who is it that is in such a hurry to break the fast and pray?” We addressed him as ‘Abd-Allaah’ (which is Arabic for Ibn Mas’ood).
  • Muslim narrated this story in 1099.
  • Those who do this say that they are using due caution in relation to an act of worship, but no one else is aware of this practice save for a small group of people.

As a result, they put off breaking the fast and rushing to eat suhoor, which is in violation of the Sunnah. As a result, they accomplish little help while doing a considerable deal of harm. And it is Allaah’s assistance that we are seeking. 4/1999, Fath al-Baari (Fath of the Baari).

How Can I Know the Correct Time to Break My Fast?

Is it preferable to break one’s fast after the sun has set or after the sun has completely vanished from the sky? Allah be praised for his mercy and forgiveness. In accordance with the Sunnah, one should break one’s fast immediately after the sun has set, which implies immediately after sunset. Delayed beginning of fast till after the stars have come out is a practice practiced by the Jews and the Raafidis (Shi’ah). Therefore, purposely delaying the fast until later in the evening, or even until the conclusion of the adhaan is not permissible under Islamic law.

According to Sahl ibn Sa’d, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The people will continue to be fine as long as they hurry to break their fast.” Al-account Bukhaari’s dates from 1856; Muslim’s account dates from 1098 Al-Nawawi explained that this hadeeth indicates that we are urged to break our fast as soon as we have determined that the sun has actually set.

  1. However, if they put off breaking the fast, this will be a sign that they are following some incorrect advice.
  2. It was said that Abu Awfa (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “I was with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on a voyage, and he fasted until the afternoon.
  3. “Why not wait until the evening?” the man said.
  4. Abd-Allaah (which is Arabic for Ibn Mas’ood) was what we called him.
  5. In 1099, Muslim related this story.
  6. “Note: Except for a small group of people, no one is aware of this activity.
  7. The effect of this is that they have begun to delay giving the adhaan until after sunset in order to be more confident of the time, as they assert.

This results in them doing very little benefit while doing enormous damage. In addition, we look to Allaah for guidance. 4/1999, Fath al-Baari (The Fath of the Baari).


Wa ‘alaykum as-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh, Wa ‘alaykum as-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious and Merciful, I pray for you. God alone deserves all of the praise and gratitude, and may His peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad. The following is contained inside this fatwa: When the sun begins to set, it is appropriate to break the fast. In this case, if the sun sets at 4:56 pm, it is appropriate to break one’s fast at that time. Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior professor and an Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, responds to your inquiry by stating that the hour for breaking the fast is at the time of sunset.

  1. It makes no difference whether theadhanhas been summoned or if it has not.
  2. This is clearly stated in the traditions.
  3. Sheikh Sayyed Sabiq writes in his well-known work, Fiqh As-Sunnah, that it is preferable for a fasting individual to break his or her fast as soon as the sun has set, rather than later.
  4. “The Messenger of Allah would break his fast with ripe dates before going to pray,” according to Anas.
  5. If none of these options were available, he would simply drink some water.” Al-Hakim and at-Tirmidhi are three of the most revered Islamic scholars.
  6. It is permissible to continue eating after the prayer; however, if the evening meal is ready, the individual is encouraged to start with it.
  7. (According to Al-Bukhari and Muslim) We would encourage Muslims not to get agitated or to become split over disagreements in such insignificant matters as religion or politics.

Allah, the Almighty, understands what is best. Note from the editor: This fatwa comes from the archives of Ask the Scholar and was originally published at a different time.

Islamic Legal Rules of Fasting

Fasting is referred to as “sawm” in the Quran, which is the Arabic term for it. The term sawm literally translates as “to refrain from doing something.” “I have promised a “sawm” (fast) for the sake of Allah, thus today I will not talk to anybody,” Mary, the mother of Jesus, is reported to have declared in the Quran’s Chapter Maryam. From the time of sunrise until sunset, the word sawm refers to abstaining from all items that are prohibited while fasting, and this is done with the aim of fasting, according to Shariyah.

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Purpose of Fasting

According to the Quran, the Arabic term for fasting is “sawm.” It is properly translated as “to refrain from.” “I have promised a “sawm” (fast) for the sake of the Merciful, thus today I will not talk to anybody,” Mary, Jesus’ mother, is reported to have declared in the Quran’s Chapter Maryam. From the time of sunrise until sunset, the word sawm refers to abstaining from all items that are prohibited while fasting, and this is done with the aim of fasting, according to Shariah law.

Fasting Is Obligatory

Islam was established in the second year of Hijrah, when Muslims were ordered to fast in the month of Ramadan on an annual basis, as indicated above. The Quran goes on to declare the following: “In Ramadan, the Quran was revealed, which contains advice for humans as well as clear indications of guidance and differentiation. The Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan. As a result, everybody who is present during the month must fast “. This was further elucidated by Prophet Muhammad(SA) in a number of his remarks that have been recorded in the books of Hadith.

The whole Muslim world is united in their belief in the importance of fasting throughout the month of Ramadan, and they believe it to be an obligation for everyone who is physically capable of doing so (mukallaf).

Rules of Fasting

Muslims all across the globe look forward to Ramadan because it is a time when they can experience more inner serenity and well-being. Every adult Muslim, male or female, who has achieved puberty, is in good health, and is not sick or traveling is required to fast throughout the month of Ramadan. An illness might be a brief illness from which a person anticipates being cured within a short period of time. Such a person should refrain from fasting during the days of his or her illness, but he or she should fast later in the month of Ramadan to make up for the days that were missed.

  1. Instead of providing meals for one day, one might donate an equivalent amount of money to a deserving individual.
  2. If pregnant women or mothers who are nursing their children are unable to fast, they can postpone their fasting until a later date when they are able to.
  3. It is essential that the voyage is for a worthy purpose.
  4. If at all feasible, people should strive to rearrange their travel arrangements during Ramadan in order to be able to fast, and they should avoid traveling unless absolutely must.

When traveling during Ramadan, it is necessary to make up for the days missed as soon as possible following the month of Ramadan.

Fasting According to the Sunnah

Take sahur as your first step (pre-dawn meal). It is the Sunnah, and taking sahur carries with it a huge recompense and benefit. Sahur is most effective during the last half hour before dawn or during the period of Fajr prayer. After sunset, iftar (breakfast) should be had quickly. Sunset is defined by Shariah as the moment when the disk of the sun sinks below the horizon and vanishes entirely. 3 – During the fast, refrain from speaking or acting in a deceptive manner. Do not argue, have disagreements, engage in arguments, use foul language, or engage in any other activity that is prohibited.

You should also avoid making a spectacle of your fasting by talking about it excessively, revealing dry lips and a hungry stomach, or displaying a sour disposition when fasting.

Do charitable and good deeds for others throughout the fast, and intensify your devotion and reading of the Quran during this time period.

Things That Invalidate the Fast

You must refrain from doing anything that might invalidate your fasting plan. The following are examples of things that invalidate the fast and necessitate qadaa’ (making up for lost time): 1 – Intentionally consuming food, beverages, or cigarettes, as well as ingesting any non-nutritional objects through the mouth or nose. 2 – Intentionally inducing vomiting in oneself. 3 – The onset of menstrual or post-partum bleeding, even in the tiniest window of time before sunset. 4 – A sexual encounter or other sexual interaction (such as masturbation) that leads in ejaculation (in men) or vaginal secretions (orgasm) in women is defined as follows: In the false belief that it is not yet Fajr time, people consume food and beverages, smoke cigarettes, and engage in sexual relations after Fajr (dawn).

Having sexual relations while fasting is strictly prohibited.

As explained by Imam Abu Hanifah, intentionally eating and/or drinking while fasting results in the same punishment as eating and/or drinking while fasting unintentionally.

Things That Do Not Invalidate Fasting

The use of a miswak to clean your teeth does not render your fast invalid. Items such as the following are permitted during a period of fasting: 1- Bathing or showering in the morning. A person’s fast will not be invalidated if he or she accidentally swallows water. Swimming is permitted during a fast, according to the majority of the jurists, although diving is discouraged since it might cause water to pass through the mouth or nose and into the stomach. 2 – The use of fragrances, the use of contact lenses, or the use of eye drops Take injections or submit to a blood test, if necessary 3.

Unintentional ingestion of food, drink, or tobacco, e.g., forgetting that one is fasting.

The practice of sleeping throughout the day and experiencing a wet dream does not constitute a break in one’s fast.

Women whose menstrual bleeding ceases throughout the night may begin fasting even if they have not yet made ghusl (fasting preparations).

7 – Kissing between husband and wife is permitted during a fast, but it should be avoided at all costs so that one does not engage in any more activities that are prohibited during the fast.

Requirements for Fasting to Be Valid

Fasting consists mostly of two key components: deprivation and restriction. First and foremost, the purpose (niyyah) for fasting. Make a real intention to fast for the cause of God every day before daybreak, and follow through with it. The purpose does not have to be expressed verbally, but it must be expressed with sincerity of heart and thought. Some jurists believe that the purpose can be expressed simply once for the entire month and does not need to be reiterated on a daily basis. It is preferable, however, to set an objective every day in order to reap the full benefits of fasting.

  • In addition to serving as imam and director of the Islamic Society of Orange County in California, Dr.
  • Siddiqi is a past president of the Islamic Society of North America and a professor at the University of California, Irvine.
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9 questions about Ramadan you were too embarrassed to ask

At her house during Ramadan in Gaza City, Gaza Strip, on April 27, 2020, a Palestinian lady cooks Tas Kadaif (little pancakes with heavy syrup), which she serves for iftar supper. Anadolu Agency via Getty Images Ali Jadallah/Anadolu Agency through Getty Images Ramadan begins on April 12th this year, according to the Islamic calendar. But, what exactly is Ramadan? What is the process of fasting? We’ve answered all of your inquiries. updated at 8:07 a.m. EDT on April 8, 2021 On Monday, April 12, the Muslim holy month of Ramadan will officially begin, and even in the face of a worldwide epidemic, the vast majority of the world’s 1.6 billion Muslims will participate in some way.

But, what exactly is Ramadan, and how does it work?

Is there anything special you should do or say if you’re in the company of Muslim friends and acquaintances during the month of Ramadan? Never fear, we’ve got you covered with the following information: Here are the most fundamental responses to the most fundamental questions concerning Ramadan.

1) What is Ramadan actually about?

When it comes to Muslims, Ramadan is considered the most important month of the year. According to Prophet Mohammed’s words, “When the month of Ramadan begins, the gates of heaven are opened; the gates of hell are closed; and the demons are chained.” According to Muslim tradition, God revealed the first words of the Quran, Islam’s sacred text, to Mohammed during this month on a night known as “The Night of Power” (or Laylat al-Qadr in Arabic). Ramadan is a month-long fasting period during which Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset on a daily basis.

  • However, if that makes it seem overly serious and monotonous, it is not the case.
  • At the conclusion of Ramadan, a three-day festival known as Eid al-Fitr, or the Festival of the Breaking of the Fast, is held in honor of the Muslim holy month.
  • Of course, the Covid-19 outbreak has made it much more difficult to participate in many of the more social components of Ramadan, given the limits on travel as well as the necessity to keep social distance and avoid big, indoor gatherings due to the disease.
  • On May 26, 2020, workers clean the Blue Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey, ahead of its reopening on the last day of Eid al-Fitr on that day, which coincides with the Covid-19 epidemic.

2) How does fasting work?

Feasts during Ramadan are one of the five pillars of Islam, along with other obligations such as testifying to one’s belief in Allah, praying for the well-being of others, and making a journey to Mecca. Every Muslim is obligated to participate every year, while there are certain exceptions for those who are unwell, pregnant or breastfeeding, menstruating, or traveling, as well as for children under the age of six and those over the age of eighty. Many spiritual and social benefits can be gained from the practice of fasting, including the reminder of your human frailty and your reliance on God for sustenance, the experience of hunger and thirst that leads to compassion for (and a responsibility to help) the poor and needy, and the reduction of distractions in life that allows you to more clearly focus on your relationship with God.

This involves the use of medicines (even if you swallow a pill dry, without drinking any water).

If you do any of those things, your fast for the day is considered “invalid,” and you must start again the next day.

During the month of Ramadan, Muslims are also expected to make an effort to suppress unpleasant thoughts and feelings such as jealously and rage, as well as more minor behaviors such as swearing, criticizing, and gossiping.

Some people may also opt to refrain from or restrict activities like as listening to music and watching television, which they do frequently in favor of listening to recitations of the Quran, as well.

3) What is a typical day like during Ramadan?

During Ramadan, Muslims get up early in the morning to eat the first meal of the day, which must be consumed until the sun goes down. This entails consuming a large amount of high-protein meals and drinking as much water as you possibly can until daybreak, after which you are not permitted to eat or drink anything. The morning prayer is said as soon as the sun rises. Because it’s still early in the morning, many people choose to go back to sleep for a little while before getting up again to prepare for the day (I certainly do).

  1. Businesses and schools in many Muslim nations, on the other hand, may choose to decrease their operating hours or close totally during the day.
  2. Immediately after hearing the last call to prayer in the evening (or when you hear the alarm on your phone’s Muslim prayer app go off), we break the day’s fast with a short meal (actually more of a snack), known as an iftar (meaning “breakfast”), before completing the evening prayer.
  3. On May 13, 2020, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, a Muslim family gathers around the table for the iftar meal, which is served after sunset during Ramadan.
  4. Photograph by Mahmud Hams/AFP via Getty Images An additional huge supper is frequently served later in the evening, and this is often shared with family and friends in one another’s homes throughout the month.
  5. (Please keep in mind that there are valid reasons for merely having a little snack before conducting the evening prayer and then eating a larger meal afterwards.
  6. Exercise on an empty stomach after not eating for 15 hours is a sure-fire way to end yourself in a heap of trouble.
  7. That feeling of knowing that tens of millions of your fellow Muslims across the world are going through same things as you are — hunger pangs, parched mouth, and dizzy spells — is something that can’t be described.
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4) So do you lose weight during Ramadan?

Some of you may be thinking, “But what if.” “Wow, that seems like a fantastic method to shed some pounds! I’m going to give it a go!” Rather than being a weight-loss phenomenon, Ramadan is infamous for causing significant weight gain. This is due to the fact that consuming substantial meals very early in the morning and late at night, followed by a long period of low activity verging on lethargy in between, can have a negative impact on your metabolism. However, if you exercise caution, you can avoid gaining weight and, in some cases, even drop a couple of pounds.

Ramadan presents an excellent chance to reduce weight, but in order to achieve long-term weight loss, it is vital to make planned and regular lifestyle changes.” As a consequence, just as with any other extreme diet plan, you may drop a few pounds, but unless you adopt “structured and persistent lifestyle alterations,” you are unlikely to experience significant, long-lasting improvements.

5) Why do the dates of Ramadan change every year?

For religious purposes, Muslims adhere to a lunar calendar — that is, a calendar based on the phases of the moon — whose 12 months total around 354 days. That’s 11 days fewer than the 365 days in the traditional Gregorian calendar, which has 365 days. Consequently, the Islamic lunar calendar is roughly 11 days behind the ordinary Gregorian calendar on an annual basis in comparison to the latter. As a result, the starting day of Ramadan, which is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, is moved backward by approximately 11 days each year, according to the Islamic lunar calendar.

Ramadan is considerably simpler to fast during the winter since the days are shorter, which means you don’t have to fast for as long, and it’s colder outside, which means not being able to drink water all day isn’t as big of a concern because you’re not sweating as much.

During the summer months in many Muslim nations in the Middle East and Africa, temperatures can reach levels that are normally reserved for the lowest depths of hell.

(At addition, in a few locations above the Arctic Circle, the sun never truly sets throughout the summer months.

6) Okay, but why is there always confusion every year about exactly what day Ramadan starts on?

There’s a reason why “Ramadan start date” is one of the most searched-for terms on Google every year: it’s accurate. This is due to the fact that Muslims all across the world are unsure about the precise day on which Ramadan is meant to begin. Google it and you’ll find that there is a small warning beneath Google’s response that states “Dates may vary,” which means that the dates may fluctuate. That also has something to do with the moon — as well as debates about science, history, and tradition, as well as a little bit of geopolitical competition.

  • As a result, the month of Ramadan begins on the first of the month’s new moon.
  • Wrong.
  • Stock photos courtesy of Getty Images and Istockphoto It was not uncommon back in Mohammed’s day, in sixth-century Arabia, for astronomical calculations to be less exact than they are now, and people relied on what they could see with their own eyes.
  • Some believe that the Prophet Mohammed said something about waiting until you see the crescent moon before beginning a fasting period.
  • ) This technique, however, was a bit clumsy, as factors such as clouds or the difficulty of viewing the moon in some regions sometimes resulted in various groups beginning their fast on different days, even within the same nation.
  • Today, however, we have accurate scientific calculations that tell us exactly when the new moon begins, and we don’t have to wait for someone to notice a little crescent in the sky before we know when the new moon begins.
  • Except for the fact that some Muslim scholars feel we should continue to wait until a faint crescent moon is visible in the night sky because that is what Mohammed instructed us to do and it is also the way we have traditionally done things in the Muslim community.
  • Even more amusing, others suggest that the entire globe should simply adhere to the official moon-sighting laws of Saudi Arabia, which serves as both the birthplace of Islam and the home of its holiest places, in order to avoid confusion.
  • For Muslims all across the world, this means that they get to enjoy the lovely madness of “moon-sighting fights” on at least one occasion each year.

It’s such a well-known element of Ramadan that it’s even the subject of a meme or two: Yes, Muslims are also guilty of employing the “brace yourself” cliche. There’s just no getting around that.

7) Are there differences between how Sunni Muslims and Shia Muslims observe Ramadan?

No, not in the majority of cases. During the month of Ramadan, both Sunni and Shia Muslims fast. However, there are some minor differences, such as the fact that Sunnis break their daily fast at sunset, when the sun is no longer visible on the horizon (but there is still light in the sky), whereas Shia wait until the redness of the setting sun has completely vanished and the sky is completely dark before breaking their daily fast. Shia Muslims also have an extra holiday throughout the month of Ramadan, which is not observed by Sunnis.

  • Ali ibn Abi Talib was both the revered fourth caliph of Sunni Islam and the first “legitimate” imam (leader) of Shia Islam, and he died on the 19th, 20th, and 21st days of Ramadan.
  • During Ali’s morning prayers in a mosque in Kufa, Iraq, on the 19th day of the Islamic month of Ramadan, an assassin from a group of rebels who opposed his rule fatally attacked him with a poisoned sword.
  • Ali is a revered figure in Shia Islam, and his death is a national tragedy.
  • Sunnis venerate Ali as one of the four “rightly guided” caliphs who reigned following Mohammed’s death, but they do not remember his death or undertake a visit to his grave, as they do with other Muslims.
  • Stock photos courtesy of Getty Images and Istockphoto

8) What can I do to be respectful of my Muslim friends during Ramadan?

It is illegal to eat or drink in public during the day in several Muslim nations throughout the month of Ramadan, regardless of whether or not you are a Muslim. In the United States, however, we have religious freedom (as well as freedom from religion), which is not the situation in other countries. In addition, the majority of American Muslims, like myself, do not expect the non-Muslims in our immediate vicinity to drastically alter their conduct in order to accommodate our religious fast during Ramadan.

Furthermore, they often endure about three days until they conclude that unity is overrated and that being thirsty for 15 hours is not really “fun.” All of that being said, there are some things you can do, as well as things you should avoid doing, to make things a bit easier for friends or coworkers who are fasting for Ramadan.

  1. Try not to offer them a bite or a drink of what you’re eating since it’s often difficult for us to remember that we’re fasting and it’s simple to accept and eat that Lay’s potato chip you just offered us without thinking about it.
  2. Unless you do it on purpose, in which case, what the hell is wrong with you?
  3. In order for your Muslim friends to be able to eat, attempt to organize your dinner party after sunset so they may join you there.
  4. In contrast to common assumption, we are not afraid of nor allergic to pork; we just do not consume it.
  5. However, please notify us if there is alcohol or pork in something so that we do not unintentionally ingest it.
  6. “Ramadan/Eid kareem” (which means “have a generous Ramadan/Eid”) and “Ramadan/Eid mubarak” (which literally means “have an auspicious Ramadan/Eid”) are the usual greetings if you want to demonstrate to them that you have made an effort to understand more about their faith.

The simplest gesture, such as memorizing one of those terms and expressing it to your Muslim friends with a smile, will go a long way toward making them feel comfortable and welcome.

9) So if you’re not supposed to get angry or complain or gossip during Ramadan, how come terrorist attacks by groups likeISISandal-Qaedaalways seem to spike during Ramadan?

As a result of Allah’s blessings, the glorious month of Ramadan is quickly approaching. Keeping this in mind, we’ve put together an essay that outlines the fundamental principles of fasting! This contains topics such as the concept of fasting, who is required to fast during Ramadan, who is exempt from fasting, what breaks our fast and what does not break our fast, and more! Please keep in mind that the Hanafimadhab is the basis for this article.

What is the definition of fasting in Islam?

According to Shaykh Haroon Hanif, fasting is defined as “the practice of abstaining from food, drink, and marital relations from sunrise to sunset with the purpose of growing closer to Allah (swt).” As previously stated, the above definition relates to the ‘intention of coming near to Allah,’ which distinguishes a religious fast from other types of fasting such as dieting or intermittent fasting.

  • But, more specifically, what does it mean to “intend” something signify? An intention is defined as: the strong desire you have in your heart to do a task.
  • In the Hanafi school, it would be nearly hard not to have the aim of fasting, if not impossible in some cases.
  • It is necessary to declare one’s desire to fast for each day of Ramadan independently.
  • The Islamic noon is the time between the start of the Fajr prayer and the start of the Maghrib prayer, and it is observed on the Islamic calendar.
  • and Maghrib begins at 5 p.m., then the Islamic midday would be 11 a.m., and the Islamic day would end at 5 p.m.

Who has to fast in Ramadan?

Every adult Muslim who is of sound mind is obligated to fast throughout the month of Ramadan. A person who is considered to be an adult according to Islamic standards is defined as follows:

  • Islam is the path of the Fitrah (the natural, primordial method), and as a result, when a child reaches the age of puberty, they are considered an adult. When a male youngster has a wet dream or has ejaculation, he is considered to be of legal age. When a female kid has her first menstrual period or has a wet dream, she has reached the age of majority. If none of these occur for either the male or female by the age of 15 lunar years, they are automatically declared adults and are required to fast
  • Otherwise, they are not considered adults.

Who is exempt from fasting in Ramadan?

Muslims believe that their religion is based on the Fitrah (the natural, primordial method), and that as soon as they reach puberty, they are considered to be fully grown. Having a wet dream or ejaculating causes a male youngster to grow up and become an adult. When a female youngster has her first menstrual period or has a wet dream, she is considered to be an adult. Unless any of these events occur for either the male or female by the age of 15 lunar years, they are immediately declared adults and are required to fast; otherwise, they are not regarded adults.

  • If a woman’s menstruation begins during Ramadan during the night (i.e. any time between the start of the Maghrib prayer and the start of the Fajr prayer), she is prohibited from fasting the next day, according to Islamic law. She must continue to refrain from fasting for the duration of her menstrual cycle
  • If a woman begins her menstruation during the day, her fast for that day is negated. She’ll have to make up for lost time at a later date. Again, she must refrain from fasting for the duration of her menstrual cycle. In the event that a woman’s menstruation finishes during the night (i.e. between the start of Maghrib and the start of Fajr), she is required to do makeghusl (a ceremonial bath), and she is also required to fast the next day. Women who get their periods throughout the day are required to makeghusl (a ceremonial bath) and to behave as though they are fasting until Maghrib (the evening prayer) (i.e. not eat or drink out of absolute etiquette for the magnificent month of Ramadan). This, however, does not qualify as a typical fast for her. However, she would still be required to make up her fast from that day and all of the days during which she was menstruation in the following weeks.
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Finally, it is important to know that the same rules apply to women who have recently given birth and are suffering post-partum bleeding. It is not permitted for the lady to fast during this period of post-natal bleeding, which can continue up to 40 days. If she continues to fast for more than forty days, this would indicate that something extraordinary has occurred, and she would be required to do so until it can be demonstrated that it is damaging to her health.

As a result, because she would be a sick person, she would not be required to fast in such situation.

What breaks your fast and what should we do if our fast breaks?

It is possible to have two sorts of broken fasts, and there are two ways to “make up” for these fasts: One: Qada and Kaffarah (who are making up for a missed fast) (expiation) In the following instances, both a Qada and a Kaffarah would be required:

  • It has been decided to break one of the Ramadan fasts. The individual has began the fast and then abruptly ends it for no apparent reason.

The Kaffarah necessary would be to fast for sixty consecutive days and, if that proves too impossible, to feed sixty impoverished individuals as a substitute. Two: Qada (who is making up for lost time) by himself This would be necessary if you did any of the following:

  • If you were aware that you were fasting but unintentionally broke it, this is what would happen. It is possible to eat the pre-dawn meal (sahur) without realizing that Fajr had already begun, or to eat dinner (iftar) without realizing that the sun hadn’t gone down. consumed something that is not food, i.e. you accidently ingested anything that was not meant to be eaten
  • Although it is not always necessary, someone has inhaled something via their nose. Eardrops that had been used

What doesn’t break your fast in Ramadan?

  • Breaking the fast in a haphazard manner
  • Eating anything between the teeth that is smaller than a chick pea in size
  • Less than a mouthful of vomit due to involuntary vomiting or induced vomiting Having a dream in which it is raining
  • Inhaling unavoidable particles in the air while delaying the performance of a ceremonial bath Injecting into the body
  • Causing bleeding

What is disliked (makruh) for a fasting person?

  • Not remembering to break the fast
  • Eating anything between the teeth that is smaller than a chick pea
  • And other such blunders. Involuntary vomiting or induced vomiting that is less than a mouthful in quantity
  • Dreaming that it’s raining. Inhaling unavoidable particles in the air while delaying the performance of a ceremonial bath. Injecting into the body
  • Causing bleeding

What is recommended to do when fasting?

  • Eat the pre-dawn meal (sahur), which provides you with energy for the rest of the day. Breaking the fast with an odd number of dates, something pleasant, or water shortly after waking up

What is fine to do when fasting?

  • Using the toothstick (miswak) at any time of day is acceptable
  • Nevertheless, Taking a shower
  • Putting on perfume
  • Rinsing the mouth and nose

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What is the Iftar (Breakfast) During Ramadan?

During Ramadan, the Iftar is the meal offered at the end of the day to break the fast that has been observed during the day. It literally translates as “breakfast.” During Ramadan, iftar is given at sundown on each day of the month to allow Muslims to break their daily fast. Suhoor is the name given to the other meal eaten during Ramadan, which is eaten in the morning (before dawn). If-tar is pronounced as if-tar. It is also known as: fitoor.


When it comes to honoring the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, which is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is dedicated to fasting, abstinence from food, prayer, and charitable work, fasting is one of the most important components. In fact, fasting is considered to be one of the five pillars of Islam. For the duration of the month, all Muslims (with the exception of those who are too young, too old, or too sick to fast) are obligated to fast from sunrise to sunset, with the exception of those who are exempt.

Iftar, on the other hand, signifies the completion of each day’s fast and is frequently a time of celebration and gathering of the community.

Many Muslims across the world assist in providing iftar meals to the poor and in-need through their local communities and mosques, which is regarded an important element of observance of the Islamic calendar.

The Meal

Muslims usually break their fast with dates and either water or a yogurt drink, depending on their religious beliefs. When they have completed the ceremonial breaking of the fast, they take a moment to perform the Maghrib prayer (one of the five daily prayers required of all Muslims). After that, they will be served a full course meal that will include soup, salad, appetizers, and main meals. It is customary in certain cultures to serve the full-course dinner later in the evening or even in the early morning.

Iftar is primarily a social gathering that involves family and others of the community.

It is also typical for folks to welcome others who are less fortunate and to share food with them. During the month of Ramadan, it is believed that the spiritual recompense for generous giving is particularly substantial.

Health Considerations

Muslims are urged not to overeat during iftar or at any other time during Ramadan for health reasons, and they are also recommended to follow other health recommendations during the month. Prior to fasting during Ramadan, a Muslim should always speak with a doctor to ensure that fasting is healthy for him or her given his or her health circumstances. It is always important to ensure that you are getting the nourishment, fluids, and relaxation that you require. The eating of a hearty, healthy meal at the start of the day, known as forsuhoor, is strongly recommended for Muslims who are fasting throughout Ramadan.

The practice of skipping suhoor (as many individuals of various backgrounds do on occasion) is discouraged since it makes it more difficult to finish the rest of the day’s fast, which is more significant in this case.

Ramadan Fast

ROLES AND REGULATIONS OF RAMADAN Fasting throughout the month of Ramadan is mandatory for all Muslims over the age of 18. Fasting is referred to in Arabic by the term sawm. It is technically translated as ‘to refrain,’ but in Islamic terminology, it refers to refraining from eating, drinking and engaging in sexual behavior from the time of sunrise until the time of sunset. In Surah Al-Baqarah (2-183) of the Quran, Allah says: “O you who believe, siyam is mandated on you as it was decreed on those who came before you so that you may become self-restrained.” The Prophet Muhammad’s teachings on the significance of Siyam during Ramadan are vividly articulated in numerous of his sayings (S.A.W.).

‘ (According to Bukhari and Muslim) Muslims all across the globe observe Ramadan by fasting during the month of Ramadan.

One must also refrain from engaging in immoral actions and attitudes.

According to tradition, the Prophet of Allah said: ‘If one does not forsake dishonesty in words and acts, Allah does not need him to quit his food and drink.’ (Al-Bukhari)


Fasting is required of every Muslim who is of sound mind, is an adult, is physically capable, and resides in the country. There are certain exceptions, which are as follows:

  1. Insane people
  2. Children who have not reached the age of adolescence
  3. The elderly and chronically ill people for whom fasting would be unreasonably difficult
  4. Pregnant women and nursing mothers may postpone fasting until a later date
  5. The sick and travelers may also postpone fasting until a later date. In Surah Al-Baqara of the Qur’an, Allah states the following:

The prescribed period should be made up by days later if somebody is unwell or on a travel, though.

Allah wishes for you to have every convenience; He does not wish to put you in any difficulties.’

  1. Women during their menstrual cycle or after childbirth are prohibited from leaving the house. Fasting is not permitted at certain times and should be made up later, one day for every one missed.


Every day throughout Ramadan, fasting begins at the crack of dawn, which coincides with the commencement of the Salatul Fajr prayer period. When the sun sets or when the call of Salatul Maghrib is heard, the fasting period is over.


  1. Ramadan fasting begins at the crack of dawn every day with the start of the Salatul Fajr hour, which is also the commencement of Ramadan. When the sun sets or the call of Salatul Maghrib, the fasting period comes to an end.

Take Suhoor, for there is blessing in Suhoor,’ says the prophet. (According to Bukhari and Muslim) If at all feasible, it is preferable to break the fast as soon as the sun goes down. The Prophet’s habit of breaking the fast with dates or water continues today. The following is an example of a Du’a for breaking the fast: In the name of Allah, laka sumtu wa’ala ridhqika aftartu (O Allah, help me!) Fasting for You, and breaking the fast with Your bounty, was my motivation.) There are two types of things that become invalid quickly.

The following are the things that can only be done using Qada:

  1. Intentional consumption of food or drink This covers non-nutritional foods that are consumed orally. Self-inflicted vomiting is defined as: It is possible to start menstruating or bleeding after childbirth even in the final moments before nightfall. The use of ejaculation for purposes other than sexual intercourse. Making the decision to break the fast before sunset even if one later changes his mind, because the intention to break the fast before sunset is one of the pre-requisites for the validity of fasting. Eating, drinking, or engaging in sexual activity after sunrise under the false belief that it is not yet daylight. Additionally, participating in these behaviors before Maghrib on the false notion that it is already sundown is also prohibited.

Among the things that require not just Qada but also Kaffarah are the items listed below. Having sexual relations when fasting is not recommended (dawn to dusk). As a punishment, you must fast for an additional period of 60 days in a row. If one is unable to do so, he must feed sixty needy individuals, each of whom will get an average lunch. For centuries before the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) was born, slavery was a regular practice across the Arab world. Islam was successful in eliminating slavery from society in a very short period of time.

In this way, during the time of the Prophet(SAW), setting a slave free was the punishment for having a slave that one had to pay as a kaffarah in order to be exonerated.

  1. If somebody forgets that he is fasting and consumes food or drinks, he is required to complete his fast since it is only Allah who has provided him with food and water. The Hadith of Muslim says this.
  2. The act of brushing one’s teeth.
  3. Swallowing items that are impossible to prevent, such as one’s own saliva, street dust, smoke, etc.
  4. Unintentional vomiting Injection or intravenous therapy that is primarily medical in nature and not nutritional in nature.

Breaking the fast in unusual circumstances: Muslims are authorized to break the prescribed fast of Ramadan if they believe that their health is in danger. It is recommended that Muslims make up their fast at a later date of the year in this circumstance.

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