The main regions of the world with a predominantly Islamic population are located in Central Asia, the entire Middle East and Western Asia (except Armenia and Israel), all of North Africa, and many countries in West Africa, South Asia, and Maritime Southeast Asia.
- 1 Where is Islam located?
- 2 What country did Islam?
- 3 Who wrote the Quran?
- 4 What is Islam and its origin?
- 5 Do Muslims believe in God?
- 6 What are sins in Islam?
- 7 Which religion is best in the world?
- 8 What is the main religion in China?
- 9 Which religion came first in the world?
- 10 Which is older Quran or Bible?
- 11 What Allah means?
- 12 What was first the Quran or the Bible?
- 13 Islamic world
- 14 Prehistory (c.3000bce –500ce)
- 15 The rise of agrarian-based citied societies
- 16 Islam
- 17 Islam Facts
- 18 Muhammad
- 19 Hijra
- 20 Abu Bakr
- 21 Caliphate System
- 22 Sunnis and Shiites
- 23 Other Types of Islam
- 24 Quran
- 25 Islamic Calendar
- 26 Islam Symbols
- 27 Five Pillars of Islam
- 28 Sharia Law
- 29 Muslim Prayer
- 30 Muslim Holidays
- 31 Islam Today
- 32 Sources
- 33 Muslims and Islam: Key findings in the U.S. and around the world
- 33.0.1 Try our email course on Muslims and Islam
- 33.0.2 How many Muslims are there? Where do they live?
- 33.0.3 How many Muslims are there in the United States?
- 33.0.4 Why is the global Muslim population growing?
- 33.0.5 How do Americans view Muslims and Islam?
- 33.0.6 How do Europeans view Muslims?
- 33.0.7 What do Muslims around the world believe?
- 33.0.8 How do Muslims feel about groups like ISIS?
- 33.0.9 What do American Muslims believe?
- 33.0.10 What is the difference between Shiite Muslims and Sunni Muslims?
- 34 PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith
- 35 What is Islam?
- 36 What is Islam? – Center for Religious & Spiritual Life
Where is Islam located?
Islam is the majority religion in several subregions: East Asia, South Asia, North Africa, the Sahel, and the Middle East. The diverse Asia-Pacific region contains the highest number of Muslims in the world, easily surpassing the combined Middle East and North Africa.
What country did Islam?
Islam started in Mecca, in modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the time of the prophet Muhammad’s life. Today, the faith is spreading rapidly throughout the world.
Who wrote the Quran?
The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.
What is Islam and its origin?
As the Quran says, “With the truth we (God) have sent it down and with the truth it has come down. ” The Quran frequently asserts in its text that it is divinely ordained. Some verses in the Quran seem to imply that even those who do not speak Arabic would understand the Quran if it were recited to them.
Do Muslims believe in God?
Belief in the Oneness of God: Muslims believe that God is the creator of all things, and that God is all-powerful and all-knowing. Muslims believe that these earlier scriptures in their original form were divinely revealed, but that only the Quran remains as it was first revealed to the prophet Muhammad.
What are sins in Islam?
Muslims see sin as anything that goes against the commands of God (Allah), a breach of the laws and norms laid down by religion. Islam teaches that sin is an act and not a state of being.
Which religion is best in the world?
The most popular religion is Christianity, followed by an estimated 2.38 billion people worldwide. Islam, which is practiced by more than 1.91 billion people, is second. However, population researchers predict that Islam will have nearly caught up to Christianity by 2050.
What is the main religion in China?
Chinese Buddhism and Folk Religions Though Buddhism originated in India, it has a long history and tradition in China and today is the country’s largest institutionalized religion.
Which religion came first in the world?
Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion, according to many scholars, with roots and customs dating back more than 4,000 years. Today, with about 900 million followers, Hinduism is the third-largest religion behind Christianity and Islam.
Which is older Quran or Bible?
The Bible is older than the Quran. The Quran was written by Muhammad in the 500 ADs. The Bible consists of books written centuries before. All of them were compiled into the Bible at a later time but the books themselves existed before the Quran.
What Allah means?
Allah, Arabic Allāh (“God”), the one and only God in Islam. Etymologically, the name Allah is probably a contraction of the Arabic al-Ilāh, “the God.” The name’s origin can be traced to the earliest Semitic writings in which the word for god was il, el, or eloah, the latter two used in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament).
What was first the Quran or the Bible?
The Bible was written first by many years. The Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) was writing from approximately 1200 to 160 BC (BCE). The New Testament was written from around 65 to 95 AD (CE). The Quran was written in the 7th century.
It is also known as Islamdom, the complex of communities and cultures in which Muslims and their faith have long been widespread and socially powerful, also known as the Islamic world. The practice of Islam is a worldwide phenomenon: Muslims predominate in approximately 30 to 40 countries, spanning the Atlantic Ocean east to the Pacific Ocean and along a belt that stretches from northern Africa into Central Asia and south to the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent. Muslims are the majority religion in the United States and Canada.
Although there are no large-scale Islamic governmental structures, the Islamic faith continues to grow, according to some estimations at a higher rate than any other major religion on the planet.
This quiz delves into the world of religions and civilizations, covering everything from temples to festivals.
The prophet Muhammad is discussed in detail in the article Islam.
Islam is also mentioned in entries about certain nations or areas in which the religion is a factor, such as Egypt, Iran, Arabia, and North Africa, among others.
To understand the history of today’s Islamic world, it is necessary to have a very broad viewpoint.
In general, the events discussed in this article are dated according to theGregorian calendar, and eras are designated asbce (before the Common Era or Christian Era) andce (Common Era or Christian Era), terms that are equivalent tobc (before Christ) andad (after Christ) in the Gregorian calendar respectively (Latin:anno Domini).
It is generally agreed that the Islamic period began with Muhammad’s journey (Hijrah) to Medina in 622CE, which corresponds to July 16, 622CE in the Gregorian calendar.
Muslim as an adjective defines elements of Islam as a religion, whereas Islamic as a noun discusses aspects of Islam’s believers.
The term “Islamicate” refers to the social and cultural complex that has historically been associated with Islam and Muslims, as well as the role and participation of non-Islamic and non-Muslim individuals and groups within that complex.
The term “Islamicate” is used to refer to the complex as a whole.
Prehistory (c.3000bce –500ce)
FromHammurabiof Babylon to the AchaemenidCyrus IIin Persia to Alexander the Greatto the Sassinian emperorAnshirvanto Muhammad in Arabia; or, fromAdamtoNoahtoAbrahamtoMosestoJesusto Muhammad according to a Muslim perspective, fromAdam to Noah, to Abraham, to Moses, to Jesus, to Muhammad. With the establishment of the first civilizations in western Asia, the possibility for Muslim empire building was formed. As a result of the emergence and spread of what have been referred to as the region’s Axial Age religions—Abrahamic, which was centered on the Hebrew patriarch Abraham, and Mazdean, which was centered on the Iranian deityAhura Mazd—as well as their later relative, Christianity—the region’s Axial Age religions were refined.
In many ways, the Muslims were the successors of ancient Egypt, Babylonian civilisation, Persian civilization, Hebrew civilization, even Greek and Indian civilisation; the civilizations they built crossed time and space, from antiquity to modernity and from the east to the west.
The rise of agrarian-based citied societies
The Arab coalition of the 7th century, which included sedentary and migratory groups from both inside and outside the Arabian Peninsula, seized political and fiscal control of western Asia, specifically the lands between the Nile and the Oxus (Amu Darya) rivers, territory that had previously been controlled by the Byzantines in the west and the Ssanianians in the east. In the 4th millennium BC, the rise of agrarian-based citied communities in western Asia signaled the beginning of a protracted period of consolidation of the variables that surrounded and controlled their accomplishment.
- This sort of social structure opened the door to a whole new world of possibilities.
- Some individuals were able to gain enough riches to patronize a wide range of arts and crafts by taking advantage of the physical labor of others; a few of these persons were able to build territorial monarchies and support religious organizations that had a broader appeal.
- The new governing groups developed expertise in managing and integrating non-kin-related groups into their societies.
- Several new institutions, like as money, territorial deities, royal priesthoods, and permanent armies, aided in the consolidation of their authority.
- The religious beliefs of these new social entities mirrored and supported the new social circumstances in which they existed.
- As indicated by the intricate funeral ceremonies of pharaonic Egypt, the link between worldly existence and the afterlife became increasingly complicated.
- But large-scale organization had resulted in social and economic inequities that rulers and religions were able to confront but were unable to eliminate.
Many people believed that an absolute monarch who could unite a diverse range of ethnic, religious, and interest groups was their greatest hope for justice.
Islam, after Christianity, is the second most popular religion in the world, with approximately 1.8 billion Muslims practicing their faith worldwide. Despite the fact that Islam’s origins date back much further, scholars generally agree that it was founded in the 7th century, making it the most recent of the major world religions. Islamic teachings were first taught in Mecca, which is now part of modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. Today, the faith is spreading at an alarming rate throughout the world.
- The term “Islam” literally translates as “submission to God’s will.”
- Muslims are those who adhere to Islam
- Muslims are monotheistic and worship a single, all-knowing God, known in Arabic as Allah
- Muslims are those who adhere to other religions. Islamic adherents strive to live lives of total surrender to Allah and His will. Despite their belief that nothing can happen without Allah’s approval, they acknowledge that humans possess free choice. Islamic teachings hold that Allah’s word was given to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel, and Muslims believe that other prophets were sent to teach Allah’s law throughout history. They hold several of the same prophets in high regard as Jews and Christians, including Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, among others. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet. Moschees are sites of religious prayer for Muslims. In addition to the Kaaba shrine in Mecca and the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, some notable Islamic holy sites are the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina and the Kaaba in Mecca. The Quran (also known as the Koran) is the most important religious document in Islam. Another significant literature is the Hadith (also known as the Sunnah). Muslims also hold some passages from the Judeo-Christian Bible in high regard
- Followers of Islam worship Allah via prayer and recitation of the Quran. It is their belief that there will be a day of judgment and that there is life after death. “Jihad,” which literally translates as “battle,” is a major concept in Islam. Despite the fact that the phrase has been used negatively in popular society, Muslims feel it refers to internal and outward attempts to protect their religious beliefs. Although uncommon, military jihad may be used in the event of a “just war” being declared.
Muhammad, also known as Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, around 570 A.D., and is considered to be the founder of Islam. According to Muslims, he was the final prophet sent by God to proclaim their beliefs to the rest of the world. Islam’s sacred writings and traditions claim that an angel called Gabriel came to visit Muhammad during his meditation session in a cave in the year 610 AAD. Muhammad was instructed by the angel to repeat the words of Allah. Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah for the rest of his life, despite his physical limitations.
He preached that there was only one God, Allah, and that Muslims should devote their lives to worshipping this one and only God.
Muhammad and his supporters embarked on a journey from Mecca to Medina in 622. The Hijra (sometimes written Hegira or Hijrah) is a voyage that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is commemorated on the Islamic calendar. A little more than seven years later, Muhammad and his throngs of followers returned to Mecca and completely subjugated the surrounding area. He preached until his death in 632, at the age of 84.
Following Muhammad’s death, Islam began to spread at an alarming rate. Following Muhammad’s death, a succession of leaders known as caliphs ascended to the throne. A caliphate was a system of leadership in which a Muslim monarch was in charge and was administered by a Muslim king. The first caliph was Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and close friend, who reigned as the Prophet Muhammad’s successor. Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad, ascended to the throne in 634 when Abu Bakr died around two years after he was chosen.
The job of caliph was taken up by Uthman, Muhammad’s son-in-law, when Umar was slain six years after being proclaimed caliph. Uthman was assassinated as well, and Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, was chosen to be the caliph in his place. During the tenure of the first four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered vast swaths of the Middle East, including Syria, Palestine, Iran, and Iraq, among other places. Islam also expanded throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia, as well as throughout the Middle East.
The caliphate system endured for decades and eventually gave rise to the Ottoman Empire, which ruled over significant areas of the Middle East from around 1517 until World War I brought the Ottoman Empire to an end on November 11, 1917.
Sunnis and Shiites
When Muhammad died, there was a heated controversy over who should take over as leader of the Muslim community. Due to this division among the Islamic community, two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sunnis constitute roughly 90 percent of all Muslims in the globe. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs were the legitimate successors to him. Muslims who follow the Shiite school of thought believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are legitimate heirs to Muhammad.
Shiite Muslims now have a significant presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria, among other places.
Other Types of Islam
Other, minor Muslim denominations exist within the Sunni and Shiite communities, in addition to the larger ones. Some of these are as follows:
- Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, which was created in Saudi Arabia in the 18th century by members of the Tameem clan, is a branch of Islam. Followers adhere to Muhammad ibn Abd al-exceedingly Wahhab’s stringent interpretation of Islam, which he taught them. Alawite: This Shiite branch of Islam is widely practiced in Syria. Followers of the caliph Ali retain similar views about him, but they also mark various Christian and Zoroastrian feasts, as well. Nation of Islam (also known as the Muslim Brotherhood): This Sunni sect with a majority of African-American members was created in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. A disagreement over the method of selecting a new leader caused this group to split from the Shiites. They are well-known for their hardline fundamentalism, and they are now referred to as Ibadis.
The Holy Quran. Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed/EyeEm/Getty Images Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed For Muslims, the Quran (also known as the Koran or the Qur’an) is regarded to be the most significant sacred book in existence. In addition to certain essential material that can be found in the Hebrew Bible, it also contains revelations that were delivered to Muhammad. The text is regarded to be God’s sacred word, and it supersedes all prior works in this regard. The majority of Muslims believe that Muhammad’s scribes recorded his utterances, which were later compiled into the Quran.
It is divided into 114 chapters, which are referred to as surahs.
Why the Quran Was a Bestseller Among Christians in Eighteenth Century America.
The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijra calendar, is a lunar calendar used in Islamic religious devotion that is based on the lunar month of Ramadan. The calendar began in the year 622 A.D., commemorating Muhammad’s trip from Mecca to Medina, and has been in use ever since. According to the Islamic calendar, religious festivals and festivities are held on the appropriate days, including the month-long period of fasting and prayer known as Ramadan, which takes place during the ninth month of the calendar.
Just as there is no internationally acceptable image or symbol of Islam, there is no single image or symbol of Islam that is universally approved by all Muslims worldwide. Despite the fact that the crescent moon and star picture is considered to have predated Islam and was first used as a sign of the Ottoman Empire, the crescent moon and star image has been embraced as a symbol of Islam in several mostly Muslim nations. In various other contexts, like as the International Red Cross and Red Crescenthumanitarian help movement, a red crescent signifies that Muslims are accepted and treated as such by their fellow citizens.
As a result, the color green is sometimes connected with Islam, as it was supposedly a favorite hue of Muhammad’s, and it is frequently depicted prominently on the flags of nations with a largely Muslim population.
Five Pillars of Islam
Muslims adhere to five fundamental pillars that are fundamental to their faith. These are some examples:
- Declaring one’s trust in God and confidence in Muhammad is known as a Shahada. Salat: a five-times-a-day prayer (at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening) that includes the following: Zakat is a religious obligation to contribute to people in need. Sawm: to refrain from eating or drinking during Ramadan
- It is obligatory for all Muslims to do the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetime (if they are physically able to do so).
The legal system of Islam is referred to as Sharia Law. This faith-based code of behavior advises Muslims on how they should live their lives in practically every aspect of their lives, including marriage and family life. Men and women are required to dress modestly under Sharia law. It also includes recommendations for Muslim marriages as well as other moral concepts for Muslims. Those who break the rule are subjected to draconian penalties under Sharia law, which is well-known. In certain countries, for example, the punishment for stealing is amputating the offender’s hand.
Many Muslims, on the other hand, are opposed to such harsh measures.
Building the first mosque in Medina is attributed to the prophet Muhammad, who did it in the courtyard of his residence in Medina. Some of the precepts he established in 622 A.D. continue to be followed by mosques today. A mosque’s big open area or outdoor courtyard is frequently used for Muslim prayer. When praying in a mosque, a mihrab is a decorative feature or niche that symbolizes the direction to Mecca and, consequently, the direction to face when praying. Separate prayers are offered for men and women, and Muslims are permitted to attend a mosque five times a day for each of the five prayer periods.
The two most important Muslim festivals are as follows: The festival of Eid al-Adha commemorates the Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son in the service of Allah. Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, comes to a conclusion on Eid al-Fitr, the feast of the harvest. Muslims also observe other religious festivals, such as the Islamic New Year and the birth of Muhammad, among others.
Recently, Islam’s alleged relationship with terrorism and mass murder has provoked heated political controversy in a number of nations, particularly in the Middle East. Radical Islam” has become a well-known moniker to define the religion’s association with acts of violence, despite its use being contentious at the time. Surveys recently conducted have revealed that in nations with large Muslim populations, the vast majority of Muslims hold highly unfavorable attitudes about terrorist organizations such as ISIS.
Islam is currently the fastest-growing religion in the world.
Islam,BBC. Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. Religious Tolerance is increasing in number. Islam in a Nutshell, CNN. The Fundamentals of Islam, and PBS. What is Sharia Law, and how does it work in practice? BBC. ISIS is reviled in countries with large Muslim populations, and this is especially true in Europe.
Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan research organization. The Religion Library’s Islam Rituals and Worship: Symbolism section has further information. The Islamic Calendar is available at TimeandDate.com.
Muslims and Islam: Key findings in the U.S. and around the world
people in Djemaa el-Fna Square during the late afternoon sun
Try our email course on Muslims and Islam
Every other day, four brief courses will be given to your mailbox to help you learn more about Muslims and Islam. Sign up right away! Muslims are the fastest-growing religious group in the world, with a population of over a billion people. The increase in Muslim population and regional migration, combined with the ongoing impact of the Islamic State (also known as ISIS or ISIL) and other extremist groups that commit acts of violence in the name of Islam, have propelled Muslims and the Islamic faith to the forefront of political debate in many countries, particularly in the Middle East and Africa.
Answers to several important questions concerning Muslims have been collated from many Pew Research Center publications issued in recent years.
How many Muslims are there? Where do they live?
According to a Pew Research Center estimate, there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the world in 2015, accounting for around 24 percent of the world’s total population. Even though Islam is presently the world’s second largest religion (behind Christianity), it is also the fastest-growing major religion, according to the World Religious Statistics. Indeed, if current demographic trends continue, it is projected that the number of Muslims would surpass the number of Christians by the end of the twentieth century.
The Asia-Pacific area is home to the vast majority of Muslims in the world (62 percent), with considerable populations in Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, and Turkey among those countries.
The Muslim population in Europe is likewise increasing; we predict that by 2050, Muslims will constitute 10% of the total European population.
How many Muslims are there in the United States?
According to our estimates, there are around 3.45 million Muslims of all ages in the United States, accounting for approximately 1.1 percent of the country’s total population. This is based on an examination of census data as well as information from a 2017 poll of Muslims in the United States, which was performed in English as well as Arabic, Farsi, and Urdu. According to the same research, the Pew Research Center estimates that there are 2.15 million Muslim adults in the United States, with the vast majority of them (58 percent) being immigrants from other countries.
It was projected in a Pew Research Center survey published in 2013 that the proportion of Muslim immigrants given permanent citizenship (green cards) climbed from around 5 percent in 1992 to approximately 10 percent in 2012, or approximately 100,000 immigrants in that year.
Why is the global Muslim population growing?
It is estimated that Islam will increase at an exponential rate in the future, and both of these elements are based on simple demography. For starters, Muslims have a higher birth rate than members of other religious communities. Every Muslim woman has an average of 2.9 children across the world, compared to an average of 2.2 children for all other groups combined. Aside from being the youngest of the major religious groups (with a median age of 24 years old in 2015), Muslims are also seven years younger than non-Muslims when it comes to age.
This, paired with high reproductive rates, will contribute to the expansion of the Muslim population.
How do Americans view Muslims and Islam?
Americans were asked to rank members of nine religious organizations on a “feeling thermometer” from 0 to 100, with 0 being the coldest, most negative possible rating and 100 representing the warmest, most positive possible rating, according to an APew Research Center poll performed in 2017. Overall, Muslims received a 48-degree average rating from Americans, which was identical to that given to atheists (50). Americans had a more positive attitude about the seven other religious groups that were included in the study (Jews, Catholics, mainline Protestants, evangelical Christians, Buddhists, Hindus and Mormons).
- The average rating given to Muslims by Republicans and those who lean toward the Republican Party was 39 out of 100, which is much lower than the average grade given to Muslims by Democrats (56).
- As a matter of fact, Republicans and Republican leaners are more likely than Democrats and Democratic leaners to say they are extremely concerned about extremism in the name of Islam, both globally (67 percent vs.
- 30 percent ).
- 26 percent of Democrats).
- Republicans are significantly more likely than Democrats to believe that Islam is not a part of mainstream American culture (68 percent against 37 percent) and that there is an inherent incompatibility between Islam and democracy (68 percent versus 37 percent) (65 percent vs.
- According to a study conducted in January 2016, almost half of Americans (49 percent) believe at least “some” Muslims in the United States are anti-American, a higher proportion than those who believe “just a few” or “none” Muslims are anti-American.
- According to a study conducted in February 2017, however, the majority of Americans do not believe that Muslims living in the United States have widespread support for extremism.
Approximately a quarter (24 percent) of Muslims in the United States believe there is a reasonable bit of support for extremism; 11 percent believe there is a great lot of support.
How do Europeans view Muslims?
In the spring of 2016, we polled inhabitants of ten European countries on their perceptions of the number of Muslims in their country who support extremist groups such as the Islamic State (ISIS). Generally, the prevalent viewpoint is that “just few” or “very few” Muslims support ISIS, although 46 percent of those polled in Italy believe “many” or “most” Muslims do so. The same study inquired as to whether Europeans have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of Muslims. Perceptions differed from country to country in Europe: Hungary, Italy, Poland, and Greece are among the countries where negative opinions about Muslims are prevalent, but negative attitudes toward Muslims are far less prevalent in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and other countries in Northern and Western Europe.
- Individuals from the Muslim world and those from the Western world share what features they consider to be similar.
- Across the seven Muslim-majority nations and territories that were polled, a median of 68 percent of Muslims stated that they believe Westerners are self-centered.
- The attitudes of Muslims held by Westerners were more divided.
- While just a median of 22 percent of Westerners believe Muslims are respectful of women, much more believe Muslims are honest (median of 51 percent) and charitable (median of 61 percent) (41 percent ).
What do Muslims around the world believe?
The religious beliefs and practices of Muslims, like those of any religious community, vary based on a variety of circumstances, including where in the globe they reside and what they believe. Muslims across the world, on the other hand, are nearly uniformly unified in their belief in one God and in the Prophet Muhammad, and the practice of some religious rites, such as fasting during Ramadan, is prevalent among them. In some places, however, there is a lack of cohesiveness. Muslims in 39 different nations were asked in a Pew Research Center study whether they wanted sharia law, a legal system founded on the Quran and other Islamic scripture, to be the official law of the land in their country.
The responses to this question are quite diverse.
The adoption of Sharia law, on the other hand, is supported by just a minority of people in various other nations, particularly in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. These countries include Turkey (12 percent), Kazakhstan (10 percent), and Azerbaijan (8 percent).
How do Muslims feel about groups like ISIS?
Recent studies have revealed that the vast majority of people in various countries with substantial Muslim populations have an unfavorable opinion of ISIS, including practically all respondents in Lebanon and 94 percent of respondents in Jordan. Only a small percentage of people claim they have a positive attitude toward ISIS. In several nations, large segments of the public, including a majority (62 percent) of Pakistanis, are deafeningly silent on the subject of ISIS. A bigger percentage of Nigerians (14 percent) have favorable views of ISIS than in the majority of other countries.
- The Nigerian extremist organization Boko Haram, which has been engaged in a terrorist campaign in the nation for several years, has pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
- 86 percent of Muslims in the United States believe that such techniques are seldom or never acceptable, according to a study conducted in 2011.
- In a few nations, a quarter or more of Muslims believe that these acts of violence are at least occasionally permissible, including 40% in the Palestinian territories, 39% in Afghanistan, 29% in Egypt, and 26% in Bangladesh, according to a recent poll.
- In 2016, over two-thirds of individuals in Nigeria (68 percent) and Lebanon (67 percent) stated they are extremely concerned about Islamic extremism in their nation, both of which are considerable increases from previous years.
What do American Muslims believe?
According to the results of our 2017 study of Muslims in the United States, Muslims in the United States see a great deal of prejudice against their religious group. Furthermore, a substantial majority of Muslims in the United States are wary of President Donald Trump and believe that their fellow citizens do not consider Islam to be a legitimate component of mainstream American culture. At the same time, Muslim Americans are overwhelmingly pleased to be Americans, feel that hard effort is often rewarded in this nation, and are satisfied with the way things are going in their personal lives, according to the poll.
- In addition, 48% of respondents indicate they have been the victim of at least one incidence of prejudice in the last year.
- Furthermore, 55 percent believe that Americans in general are friendly toward Muslims in the United States, compared to only 14 percent who believe that they are unfavorable.
- We found that just approximately a third (36 percent) of Muslims in the United States claim all or most of their close friends are Muslim, compared to an overall global median of 95 percent in the 39 nations we examined.
- Approximately six out of ten people (59 percent) say they pray at least once a day, and 43 percent say they attend religious services at least once a week.
Muslim voters are far more likely than non-Muslim voters to identify with or lean toward the Democratic Party (66 percent) than they are to identify with or lean toward the Republican Party (13 percent), and far more likely than non-Muslim voters to prefer a larger government that provides more services (67 percent) over a smaller government that provides fewer services (25 percent ).
Furthermore, about half of Muslims in the United States (52 percent) now believe homosexuality should be tolerated by society, a significant increase from 2011 (39 percent) and 2007. (27 percent ).
What is the difference between Shiite Muslims and Sunni Muslims?
Muslim sects Sunnis and Shiites are two subgroups, much as Catholics and Protestants are two subgroups of Christianity. Since a disagreement over the succession of leadership in the Muslim community following the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632, the Sunni-Shiite division has existed for approximately 1,400 years. While the two groups share certain fundamental Islamic principles, there are significant variations in their beliefs and practices, and in some circumstances, Sunnis do not consider Shiites to be Muslims.
- In the United States, Sunnis outnumber Shiites by a margin of 55 percent to 16.
- Please keep in mind that this post was modified on August 9, 2017.
- Correction: The estimates of the Muslim population in the United States in this piece, as well as the chart “The number of Muslims in the United States continues to climb,” were updated on November 14, 2017.
- Muslims Concerned About Their Place in Society, but Continue to Believe in the American Dream” contains more information.
- Muslims in the United States are religiously faithful, yet they are also open to other interpretations of Islam.
PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith
|Islam, followedby more than a billion people today, is the world’s fastest growing religionand will soon be the world’s largest. The 1.2 billion Muslims make upapproximately one quarter of the world’s population, and the Muslim populationof the United States now outnumbers that of Episcopalians. The most populousMuslim countries are Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The numberof Muslims in Indonesia alone (175 million) exceeds the combined totalin Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran, the traditional heartlandsof Islam. There are also substantial Muslim populations in Europe andNorth America, whether converts or immigrants who began arriving in largenumbers in the 1950s and 1960s. In keeping with tradition, the two mainbranches of Islam today are Sunniand Shiite.Beginning in the1970s and 1980s Islam remerged as a potent political force, associatedwith both reform and revolution. Given the large number of adherents,it is no surprise that Muslims incorporate a broad and diverse spectrumof positions in regard to liberalism and democracy. Some are secularistswho want to disengage religion from politics. Others are reformers, whoreinterpret Islamic traditions in support of elective forms of government.Still there are others who reject democracy entirely.|
What is Islam?
|originally published on December 21, 2014 The Middle East and Europe Office of the Common Global Ministries has developed a short introduction to their work. With so much focus on the Middle East these days, and the assumption that Osama bin Laden is responsible for terrorist strikes against the United States, it’s a good idea to refresh your memory on some fundamental truths about Islamic religion. The Middle East and Europe Office of the Common Global Ministries has developed a short introduction to their work.
- Beliefs Judaism and Christianity are considered to be the other two Abrahamic faiths, with Islam being considered to be the third.
- Muslim belief is that God is loving and compassionate, and that the faithful will receive temporal peace and equality as well as admittance into a magnificent afterlife if they follow the teachings of the religion.
- 570-632 AD).
- Muslims believe that there is only one God, and that there are no divisions inside the holy Godhead, which is their most fundamental belief.
- Although the Quran recognizes the Hebrew and Christian texts as sacred, it varies from them on a number of points, one of which being the blessing and role bestowed on Ishmael rather than Isaac, according to Islamic tradition.
- Following his teachings and his life, Muslims hold the prophet Muhammad in high regard, and they feel that following his example is essential to having a strong faith.
- The Hadith, which are compilations of sayings about the Prophet Muhammad that have been handed down through centuries by competent and trustworthy oral historians, disclose the life and teachings of Muhammad as well as the history of early Islam.
However, while most Islamic sects are usually in agreement regarding the Quran, they have significant differences on the validity and interpretation of each other’s Hadith.
Similarly to Christian denominationalism, as Islam expanded through time and culture, as well as over a wide range of geographical locations, many different schools of interpretation and practice arose both inside and outside of these bigger organizations.
The interior experience of God as well as particular acts of spiritual discipline are more important to Sufis than they are to Christian or Jewish mystics, for example.
There are five pillars of Islam that all Muslims are required to adhere to to the best of their abilities.
Both of the following sentences are included in the shahada: “There is no deity but God, and Muhammad is God’s prophet.” Salat, also known as the systematic ritual of prayer and devotion conducted five times a day, is the second pillar of Islam.
Muslims are frequently summoned to prayer by the resounding cry of “God is greater!” emanating from a high minaret.
Zakat is an act of purification, whether it is accomplished by charitable contributions or through the imposition of a religious tax.
Fasting is an universal duty, but it should be performed with particular rigor during the month of Ramadan, from sunup to sunset, and entails abstaining from not only eating and drinking, but also from smoking, sexual activity, and any other sensory desire as well.
Ramadan, which commemorates the month in which Muhammad received the first revelation from God, concludes with a massive feast known as Eid al-Fitr, which translates as “Festival of Fast-Breaking.” The Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, is the last pillar of Islam and marks the culmination of the faith.
- During the pilgrimage, all people who participate in the hajj behave in a spiritually equal manner and are treated as such.
- Jihad is the struggle of Islamic religion in the direction of truth and justice.
- While Muslim leaders may declare jihad in order to rally Muslims against political opponents, much as an American leader could declare a cause to be a “crusade” or label an empire as “evil,” jihad does not inherently imply “Holy War” in the traditional sense.
- Because of its spiritual and historical significance, Jerusalem, also known as al-Quds or “the Holy,” is considered the third sacred city of Islam.
- In spite of the fact that Islam originated in Arabia, there are Muslim communities in every country from Mexico to the Philippines, with historically considerable numbers in Africa, Southeastern Europe, Central and Southern Asia, and other parts of the Middle East.
- Therefore, not all Muslims are Arabè, but a large number are Persian, African, European, and Asian in background.
Many Muslims in North America are descended from recent or second-generation immigrant groups, while at least half of all Muslims in the United States are African-American Muslims who have either converted or’reverted’ over the generations to the orthodox Muslim identity of their African forefathers.
- There are around seven million Muslims in the United States, according to estimates.
- The contributions of Islamic philosophy and history to Western culture and study have been immeasurable.
- The fact that every religion runs the risk of being used by radicals among its adherents should not be underestimated.
- Because we, as Christians and Americans who love freedom, must resist the temptation to generalize and blame the other—particularly another religion and all of its adherents—for the conduct of a few in our increasingly diverse society.
- In addition, it is necessary to remember that not all Arabs are Muslims.
- ** Books on Islam that are recommended Al-Quran, translated by Ahmed Ali.
- Princeton University Press published a book in 1984 titled Denny, Frederick Mathewson, and others.
Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1985.
Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform?
John Esposito is a writer who lives in New York City.
Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, and Yvonne Yazbeck The Muslims in the United States of America.
Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, and Wadi Zaidan Haddad are the editors of this volume.
Gainsville, FL: University of Florida Press, 1995.
There are three volumes.
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (Seyyed Hossein Nasr).
The Beacon Press published this book in 1972.
E., “Children of Abraham: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam,” in Encyclopedia of Religion, vol.
Annemarie Schimmel has written a book on her life.
The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, published a book in 1975.
African-Americans and Islam: A Comparative Study The Indiana University Press published a book in 1997 titled The Word of Islam is edited by John Alden Williams.
Several Islam-related websites Islam, Islam in America, and Islamic Studies are all topics covered in this course.
macdonald.hartsem.edu Faith-Based Organizations Currently, research data about religious organizations in the United States is available.
Islaam, an introduction to Islam Studies resources Assnwings.buffalo.edu/sa/muslim/isl/isl.html Islamic Studies materials from the University of Georgia, Prof.
An introduction to Shi’ah Islam in Islam, as well as a history lecture on the subject, may be found on the Harvard University State Department’s Islam in America website.
Links to the Society of North America’s community Students’ Association of the United States and Canada National Muslim Political Organizations may be found at www.msa-natl.org/national Muslim Political Organizations.
The Muslim Council on American-Islamic Relations (MCAIR) is a non-profit organization dedicated to improving relations between Muslims and Americans.
cair-net.org The Public Affairs Council of the Minaret of Freedom Institute is a body that represents the interests of the Institute’s public policy initiatives. Mr. Derek Duncan works as a Program Associate in the Middle East and Europe Office of the Common Global Ministries (CGM).
What is Islam? – Center for Religious & Spiritual Life
Muslims are among the most recent of the main global faiths, and as a result, they are also among the most well-documented and historically verifiable of them. History of Islam begins with the life of Muhammad ibn Abdullah, who was born in Mecca, which is today’s Saudi Arabia, in 570 CE. Muhammad ibn Abdullah is considered the founder of Islam. However, very little is known about Muhammad’s early life. He was born into the Hashemite clan of this powerful Quraysh tribe, but nothing is known about his early life.
- According to legend, Muhammad’s first marriage was to Khadijah, a wealthy merchant who was attracted to him because of this characteristic.
- After witnessing his professional and personal accomplishments, she proposed to him and they were married the next year.
- The marriage was reportedly pleasant, and Muhammad did not remarry while she was still living, according to all indications.
- In addition to being a religious leader, it is stated that Muhammad was also a spiritual man who had the habit of retreating to a cave in the mountains to reflect and contemplate in isolation on a regular basis.
- It was the first of many revelations that Muhammad would receive during his career.
- Every year, thousands of Muslims participate in the “Night of Power,” during which they remain up throughout the night in prayer.
- It was also necessary for them to begin living lives that were more ethical and socially responsible.
During Muhammad’s lifetime, another amazing incident happened around the year 619.
First, Muhammad went to Jerusalem on the back of an aburqa, a winged horse with wings.
God revealed to Muhammad the ultimate form of the daily prayers while he was there.
As the persecution of Muhammad and his followers, known as Muslims, grew more intense, he began looking for a safer location where they might live in peace with their beliefs.
In exchange for his presence, they pledged to convert and build an Islamic way of life for the entire city if he came.
The Prophet Muhammad arrived in Yathrib in 622 and founded a prosperous theocracy in the city that would later become known as Medina (medinat al-Nabimeans “city of the Prophet”).
While in Medina, Muhammad continued to receive revelations from God, but these revelations, which are recorded in the Qur’an as the Medinansuras, were of a more pragmatic nature, with a focus on solidifying Islamic society and establishing communal norms and rules of behavior rather than on spiritual matters.
According to Islam, adoration is reserved solely for God. Although Muhammad died in 632 CE, it should be evident that his legacy continues to have profound and tremendous importance long after his death.
What Is the Qur’an?
In Muslim tradition, the Qur’an is regarded as the final word of God, consisting of a comprehensive collection of all of the revelations Muhammad received from Gabriel. The Arabic language has a privileged position among languages because, according to traditional Islamic teaching, the words of the Qur’an are literally the words of God. As a result, while non-Arabic speakers may read a translation of the Qur’an in order to better understand its meaning, translations do not carry the same weight and authority as the Arabic text.
Because the Arabic words are literally the words of God, reciting them is considered to be spiritually beneficial; it is for this reason that memorizing the Qur’an is considered to be a deeply holy act (a person who memorizes the Qur’an is known as an ahafiz, which literally translates as “guardian/caretaker” of the Qur’an); and it is also for this reason that there are professional reciters, who are frequently hired by large mosques to come and A sacred act in and of itself, the recital of the Qur’an is regarded to be exceedingly essential and is an act that draws those who hear it into the presence of God.
- Overall, one fundamental overriding theme can be seen across the Qur’an as a whole: the call to repent and submit to God’s message and will.
- First and foremost, God is the creator of the cosmos and, as such, is the universe’s supreme authority.
- Second, when God created humans, he endowed them with reason, which includes the ability to distinguish between good and wrong and to choose whether or not to obey God’s will in a given situation.
- Individuals who die will appear before God and be judged according to their acts in the resurrection; those who live righteously and obey God will be rewarded with eternal bliss in paradise; those who live unrighteously and unfaithfully will be punished with eternal torment.
- Lastly, the Qur’an stresses that God has sent prophets to various people in various locations throughout history, each striving to correct them when and where they had gone astray and bring them back to the one true God.
Using these methods, the Qur’an attests to the unsurpassable character of both Muhammad’s authority and that of the Qur’an itself, while also laying out plainly and vehemently a way of living that allows a rich and meaningful existence, both in this life and the hereafter.
The Five Pillars of Islam
As a result, the five basic activities of Islam are historically known as “pillars,” which is an effective metaphor for emphasizing the importance of these practices and the role they play in sustaining one’s life as a Muslim. Islam’s foundational activities are the five rituals that Muslims engage in to reflect their religious identity and show their engagement in the greater community, which are referred to as its five pillars. There is significance in how they shape religious habits and thinking, but also in the way they structure and organize an individual’s whole life.
- First and foremost, theshahadah.
- Muslims are obligated to do particular prayers five times a day, at various times throughout the day, including at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and evening.
- These prayers are performed according to a precise set of rites, which include a series of ablutions, which, in addition to washing the body, also represent the purity required to appear before God.
- In order to demonstrate God’s ultimate control over creation, as well as to demonstrate reverence and obedience to God, it is thought that one should annually give back a part of one’s riches to God.
- Zakat, on the other hand, is more structured than that, with the vast majority of Muslims agreeing that 212 percent of one’s total assets should be donated for this reason.
- This month is the holiest month of the year in Islam because it celebrates the first revelation of the Qur’an to Muhammad, which took place somewhere around the end of the month, making it the most important month of the year.
- Because Islam follows a lunar calendar, Ramadan is observed during each of the twelve months of the year over a period of many years.
This holds true to a greater or lesser extent depending on one’s geographic region.
In many Muslim nations, the whole rhythm of the day is changed to accommodate the Ramadan fast, which includes eateries closing during the day but remaining open later into the evening in order to accommodate the fast.
It is preceded by a special almsgiving to benefit the poor and less fortunate.
Every year, around two million Muslims from all over the world go to Mecca (located in Saudi Arabia) to partake in this life-changing event with their fellow Muslims.
In particular, the males wear two pieces of white cloth that have not been sewed together, which many people keep and use as a funeral shroud.
The Ka’aba, a square structure believed to have been built by Ibrahim and Isma’il to serve as a place of worship for the one true God, serves as the focal point of thehajj both literally and figuratively.
Daily prayers are focused directly at this particular edifice, which serves as the physical core of Islam. The rituals take about a week to complete, and most participants rely on guides to ensure that they are carried out correctly and in the proper order.
The Concept ofJihad
The notion of jihad is perhaps the most misunderstood and misconstrued concept in all of Islam. First and first, it should be noted that Muhammad did indeed speak about the significance of jihad, but his explanation was in no way comparable to the connotations that the word has today, particularly in an American setting. The term itself derives from an Arabic origin that literally translates as “to struggle” or “to strain oneself.” It is used in two separate ways in the Qur’an and Islamic tradition to represent two different “struggles”: the internal struggle to be faithful and obedient to God, and the external military fight against God’s enemies.
It should go without saying that the type of terrorist activities carried out under the guise of jihad have been resoundingly and unequivocally rejected by the overwhelming majority of Muslims around the world, precisely because the conditions outlined above were flagrantly violated by the perpetrators.
As well as urging believers to “strive in the way of God with a service worthy of Him” (Qur’an 22:78) and promising “We shall guide those who strive in our cause to the roads leading straight to Us” (Qur’an 29:69), the Qur’an also mentions this form of effort.
For Further Reading:
Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization, written by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, is a comprehensive study of Islam. Jonathan Bloom’s Islam: A Thousand Years of Faith and Power is a must-read. Sheila Blair is a well-known actress. Islam is a religious belief system. Observations, written by Caesar E. Farah Karen Armstrong’s Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet is available on Amazon. The Oxford History of Islam, edited by John L. Esposito, is a comprehensive history of Islam.
Islam: Continuity and Change in the Modern World, by John O. Voll, is a book about Islam in the modern world. This quotation may be found in practically every literature that discusses the notion of jihad. See, for example, Esposito et al., World Religions Today, p. 243 (World Religions Today).