Islam is the majority religion in several subregions: East Asia, South Asia, North Africa, the Sahel, and the Middle East. The diverse Asia-Pacific region contains the highest number of Muslims in the world, easily surpassing the combined Middle East and North Africa.
Where are the most followers of Islam located?
- It has over 1 billion followers. Today Muslims, the people who follow Islam, live in every country of the world. Although Islam began in Arabia, more than half of the world’s Muslims live in South and Southeast Asia. The countries with the largest Muslim populations are Indonesia, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
- 1 What countries is Islam found in?
- 2 Where is Islam now?
- 3 Who founded Islam?
- 4 Is Turkey an Islamic country?
- 5 Where is Islam most popular?
- 6 Where did Muslims come from?
- 7 What are 3 interesting facts about Islam?
- 8 Who wrote the Quran?
- 9 What is the oldest religion?
- 10 Is the Prophet Muhammad alive?
- 11 Do Muslims drink alcohol?
- 12 What is Syria religion?
- 13 Islamic world
- 14 Prehistory (c.3000bce –500ce)
- 15 The rise of agrarian-based citied societies
- 16 PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith
- 17 World Muslim population more widespread than you might think
- 18 Muslim Majority Countries 2021
- 19 Islam is the world’s second-largest religion
- 20 Top 10 Countries with the Highest Percentage of Muslims – 2021:
- 21 Top 10 Countries with the Most Muslims – 2021:
- 22 The Quran and fundamentals of Islam:
- 23 Islam
- 24 Islam Facts
- 25 Muhammad
- 26 Hijra
- 27 Abu Bakr
- 28 Caliphate System
- 29 Sunnis and Shiites
- 30 Other Types of Islam
- 31 Quran
- 32 Islamic Calendar
- 33 Islam Symbols
- 34 Five Pillars of Islam
- 35 Sharia Law
- 36 Muslim Prayer
- 37 Muslim Holidays
- 38 Islam Today
- 39 Sources
- 40 Where is Islam mainly located?
- 41 Islam:
- 42 Answer and Explanation:
- 43 The Muslim World
- 44 Islamic States
- 45 Countries With Islam As State Religion
- 46 Neutral Muslim Majority Countries
- 47 Secular Muslim Majority Countries
- 48 Islamic Countries In The World
- 49 Islam Fast Facts
- 50 Muhammad and the Faith of Islam [ushistory.org]
- 51 Did you know?: The Spread of Islam in Southeast Asia through the Trade Routes
What countries is Islam found in?
Although Muslims can be found all over the world, the majority live in northern and central Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. Many countries in these regions are more than 90% Muslim, including Egypt, Afghanistan, Syria, Pakistan, Turkey, and Iran.
Where is Islam now?
Islam is today the religion of more than 350 million Muslims (or Moslems or Mohammedans), occupying a wide belt stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific, across Africa, parts of Europe, and Asia.
Who founded Islam?
The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.
Is Turkey an Islamic country?
Turkey is a secular country with a majority Muslim population. There are no formal statistics on the population’s religious affiliation. The Turkish Constitution officially recognises Sunni Islam, Christianity (some Catholic and Orthodox sects) and Judaism.
Where is Islam most popular?
The most populous Muslim countries are Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The number of Muslims in Indonesia alone (175 million) exceeds the combined total in Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran, the traditional heartlands of Islam.
Where did Muslims come from?
Many historians claim that the earliest Muslims came from the Senegambian region of Africa in the early 14th century. It is believed they were Moors, expelled from Spain, who made their way to the Caribbean and possibly to the Gulf of Mexico.
What are 3 interesting facts about Islam?
25 Interesting Facts about Islam
- Islam means “surrender” or “submission”
- Haji pilgrimage.
- It’s the second largest religion in the world.
- Muslims should pray 5 times a day.
- The Quran is the holy book.
- There are five pillars.
- Jihad does not mean “holy war”
- The original Arabic text of the Quran has not been altered.
Who wrote the Quran?
The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.
What is the oldest religion?
The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.
Is the Prophet Muhammad alive?
The common greeting among friends and family is generally to give one or two kisses to the other person’s cheek. It is polite to give a slight bow or nod to someone of authority (older or superior) as you greet them. Women may only give a physical greeting to other women (i.e. with a handshake or kiss).
Do Muslims drink alcohol?
Although alcohol is considered haram (prohibited or sinful) by the majority of Muslims, a significant minority drinks, and those who do often outdrink their Western counterparts. Among drinkers, Chad and a number of other Muslim-majority countries top the global ranking for alcohol consumption.
What is Syria religion?
According to CIA World Factbook, 87% of Syrians are Muslim, the majority being Sunni Muslims (74%). 1. A further 13% are Shi’a Muslims, following the Alawite (11%), Ismaili (1%) or Twelver Imami (0.5%) sects.
It is also known as Islamdom, the complex of communities and cultures in which Muslims and their faith have long been widespread and socially powerful, also known as the Islamic world. The practice of Islam is a worldwide phenomenon: Muslims predominate in approximately 30 to 40 countries, spanning the Atlantic Ocean east to the Pacific Ocean and along a belt that stretches from northern Africa into Central Asia and south to the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent. Muslims are the majority religion in the United States and Canada.
Although there are no large-scale Islamic governmental structures, the Islamic faith continues to grow, according to some estimations at a higher rate than any other major religion on the planet.
What about sacred places of worship?
The Islamic faith as well as the life of the Prophet Muhammad are discussed in detail in the article Islam.
Islam is also mentioned in entries about certain nations or areas in which the religion is a factor, such as Egypt, Iran, Arabia, and North Africa, among others.
To understand the history of today’s Islamic world, it is necessary to have a very broad viewpoint.
In general, the events discussed in this article are dated according to theGregorian calendar, and eras are designated asbce (before the Common Era or Christian Era) andce (Common Era or Christian Era), terms that are equivalent tobc (before Christ) andad (after Christ) in the Gregorian calendar respectively (Latin:anno Domini).
It is generally agreed that the Islamic period began with Muhammad’s journey (Hijrah) to Medina in 622CE, which corresponds to July 16, 622CE in the Gregorian calendar.
Muslim as an adjective defines elements of Islam as a religion, whereas Islamic as a noun discusses aspects of Islam’s believers.
The term “Islamicate” refers to the social and cultural complex that has historically been associated with Islam and Muslims, as well as the role and participation of non-Islamic and non-Muslim individuals and groups within that complex.
The term “Islamicate” is used to refer to the complex as a whole.
Prehistory (c.3000bce –500ce)
FromHammurabiof Babylon to the AchaemenidCyrus IIin Persia to Alexander the Greatto the Sassinian emperorAnshirvanto Muhammad in Arabia; or, fromAdamtoNoahtoAbrahamtoMosestoJesusto Muhammad according to a Muslim perspective, fromAdam to Noah, to Abraham, to Moses, to Jesus, to Muhammad. With the establishment of the first civilizations in western Asia, the possibility for Muslim empire building was formed. As a result of the emergence and spread of what have been referred to as the region’s Axial Age religions—Abrahamic, which was centered on the Hebrew patriarch Abraham, and Mazdean, which was centered on the Iranian deityAhura Mazd—as well as their later relative, Christianity—the region’s Axial Age religions were refined.
In many ways, the Muslims were the successors of ancient Egypt, Babylonian civilisation, Persian civilization, Hebrew civilization, even Greek and Indian civilisation; the civilizations they built crossed time and space, from antiquity to modernity and from the east to the west.
The rise of agrarian-based citied societies
The Arab coalition of the 7th century, which included sedentary and migratory groups from both inside and outside the Arabian Peninsula, seized political and fiscal control of western Asia, specifically the lands between the Nile and the Oxus (Amu Darya) rivers, territory that had previously been controlled by the Byzantines in the west and the Ssanianians in the east. In the 4th millennium BC, the rise of agrarian-based citied communities in western Asia signaled the beginning of a protracted period of consolidation of the variables that surrounded and controlled their accomplishment.
- This sort of social structure opened the door to a whole new world of possibilities.
- Some individuals were able to gain enough riches to patronize a wide range of arts and crafts by taking advantage of the physical labor of others; a few of these persons were able to build territorial monarchies and support religious organizations that had a broader appeal.
- The new governing groups developed expertise in managing and integrating non-kin-related groups into their societies.
- Several new institutions, like as money, territorial deities, royal priesthoods, and permanent armies, aided in the consolidation of their authority.
- The religious beliefs of these new social entities mirrored and supported the new social circumstances in which they existed.
- As indicated by the intricate funeral ceremonies of pharaonic Egypt, the link between worldly existence and the afterlife became increasingly complicated.
- But large-scale organization had resulted in social and economic inequities that rulers and religions were able to confront but were unable to eliminate.
Many people believed that an absolute monarch who could unite a diverse range of ethnic, religious, and interest groups was their greatest hope for justice.
PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Faith
|Islam, followedby more than a billion people today, is the world’s fastest growing religionand will soon be the world’s largest. The 1.2 billion Muslims make upapproximately one quarter of the world’s population, and the Muslim populationof the United States now outnumbers that of Episcopalians. The most populousMuslim countries are Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The numberof Muslims in Indonesia alone (175 million) exceeds the combined totalin Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran, the traditional heartlandsof Islam. There are also substantial Muslim populations in Europe andNorth America, whether converts or immigrants who began arriving in largenumbers in the 1950s and 1960s. In keeping with tradition, the two mainbranches of Islam today are Sunniand Shiite.Beginning in the1970s and 1980s Islam remerged as a potent political force, associatedwith both reform and revolution. Given the large number of adherents,it is no surprise that Muslims incorporate a broad and diverse spectrumof positions in regard to liberalism and democracy. Some are secularistswho want to disengage religion from politics. Others are reformers, whoreinterpret Islamic traditions in support of elective forms of government.Still there are others who reject democracy entirely.|
World Muslim population more widespread than you might think
“>The latest executive order issued by President Donald Trump According to estimates from a 2015 Pew Research Center report on the current and projected sizes of religious groups, temporarily freezing immigration from seven predominantly Islamic countries would have a minimal impact on the world’s Muslims, accounting for only about 12 percent of the world’s Muslims. In reality, no one of the seven nations included in the new immigration ban — Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen – is among the top ten countries with the greatest Muslim populations.
- 1.6 billion Muslims lived in the globe in 2010, according to estimates, making Islam the world’s second-largest religious tradition behind Christianity in terms of population.
- In reality, India and Pakistan have a combined Muslim population of 344 million people, which is higher than the whole Middle East-North Africa area (317 million).
- Muslims constitute a majority of the population in 49 nations throughout the world, according to the United Nations.
- India boasts the world’s second-largest Muslim population in terms of raw numbers (about 176 million people), despite the fact that Muslims account for just 14.4 percent of the country’s overall population.
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Every other day, four brief courses will be given to your mailbox to help you learn more about Muslims and Islam. Sign up right away! Counting Muslims and other religious groups around the world is accomplished through a variety of surveys, census reports, population registers, and other data sources. The goal is to count all groups and individuals who self-identify with a particular religion, which is accomplished through a variety of data sources. The information supplied here is current as of 2010.
- The proportion of Muslims living in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to rise from 15.5 percent in 2010 to 24.3 percent by 2050.
- Asia will continue to host the vast majority of Muslims, but with a reduced percentage of the total (52.8 percent ).
- North America is home to about 0.2 percent of the world’s Muslim population.
- This is an updated version of a post that was first published on June 7, 2013.
According to new projections, the Muslim population in the United States is continuing to expand. David Masci was a former senior writer/editor at the Pew Research Center who specialized on religion.
Muslim Majority Countries 2021
Those who adhere to the Islamic faith are called Muslims. Islam is an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion that originated in the 7th century A.D., while its origins are thought to have been traced back far deeper in history. Muslims believe that Islam was founded at the city of Mecca, which is located in modern-day Saudi Arabia. North and Central Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia are home to the vast majority of Muslims.
Islam is the world’s second-largest religion
More than 1.9 billion Muslims live on the face of the planet. Islam is also the religion with the fastest growth rate in the world. In terms of religious affiliation, the Islamic population is mostly divided between 1.5 billion Sunni Muslims and 240-340 million Shia Muslims, with the remaining dispersed among a handful of minor denominations. Generally speaking, a Muslim-majority country is one where Muslims constitute more than half of the population. There are around 50 Muslim-majority nations in the globe at the present time, while the exact figure varies significantly depending on which source is used to calculate it.
The first factor to consider is the age of the estimate, which is important because the Muslim population in each country tends to expand with time, increasing the overall proportion of Muslims in the country over time.
According to the Pew Research Center, there were 50 Muslim-majority countries (including the territories of the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Mayotte, and Western Sahara) in the globe in 2010, however Nigeria has been added to the list for 2020, bringing the total to 51.
Also now absent from most lists of Muslim-majority nations, but potentially to be included in the near future is Eritrea, whose Muslim population has been reported to range between 36.6 percent and 51.6 percent, depending on the source.
Top 10 Countries with the Highest Percentage of Muslims – 2021:
- The Maldives scored a perfect 100 percent
- Mauritania scored 99.9 percent
- Somalia scored 99.8 percent (tie)
- Tunisia scored 99.99 percent (tie)
- Afghanistan scored 99.7 percent (tie)
- Algeria scored 99.7 percent (tie)
- Iran scored 99.4 percent
- Yemen scored 99.2 percent
- Morocco scored 99.3 percent
- Niger scored 98.3 percent
- And Nigeria scored 98.3 percent.
*Note: The disputed area of Western Sahara would have ranked eighth if it were not for the fact that it has not been recognized as a country by the United Nations. However, because it has not been recognized as a country, it was disqualified. Despite the fact that the nations listed above have the biggest concentrations of Muslim people, it is important to note that several larger countries have a greater total population of Muslims.
Top 10 Countries with the Most Muslims – 2021:
- In terms of population, Indonesia has 231,000,000 people
- Pakistan has 212,300,000
- India has 200,000,000
- Bangladesh has 153,700,000
- Nigeria has 95,000,000–103,000,000 people
- Egypt has 85,000,000–90,000,000 people
- Iran has 82,500,000 people
- Algeria has 41,240,913 people
- And Sudan has 39,585,777 people.
The Quran and fundamentals of Islam:
Muslims, Christians, Jews, and adherents of the Bahá’ religion all worship the same God, who is referred to as Allah in Islamic tradition. While Muslims recognize that spiritual leaders such as Adam, Moses, and Jesus were prophets, they believe that the prophet Muhammad, the creator of their faith, was sent by Allah to impart the ultimate teachings of the religion. It is these teachings that are written in the Quran (also known by the spellings Qur’an and Koran), Islam’s sacred scripture, which Muslims believe to be God’s exact words, which were revealed to Muhammud.
Sharia Law is a faith-based code of behavior that provides standards for practically every area of Muslim life. Muslims adhere to five fundamental pillars that are vital to their religious beliefs. The five pillars of Islam are what are known as the five precepts of Islam.
The Five Pillars of Islam:
- Shahadah: One must say the shahadah, which declares one’s trust in God and confidence in Muhammad, before entering the mosque. Salat: One must pray five times every day: at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening, all while facing the Ka’bah, a mosque in Mecca
- Salat is a Muslim term that means “five times” in Arabic. Zakat: It is necessary to contribute to those who are in need. The month of Ramadan is marked by fasting from sunrise until dusk. As a Muslim, one is required to perform a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once throughout his or her lifetime, if at all feasible.
Islam, after Christianity, is the second most popular religion in the world, with around 1.8 billion Muslims practicing their faith globally. Despite the fact that Islam’s origins trace back far older, experts generally agree that it was founded in the 7th century, making it the most recent of the major global faiths. Islamic teachings were first taught at Mecca, which is now part of modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. Today, the faith is expanding at an alarming rate around the world.
- The term “Islam” literally translates as “submission to God’s will.”
- Muslims are those who adhere to Islam
- Muslims are monotheistic and worship a single, all-knowing God, known in Arabic as Allah
- Muslims are those who adhere to other religions. Islamic adherents strive to live lives of total surrender to Allah and His will. Despite their belief that nothing can happen without Allah’s approval, they acknowledge that humans possess free choice. Islamic teachings hold that Allah’s word was given to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel, and Muslims believe that other prophets were sent to teach Allah’s law throughout history. They hold several of the same prophets in high regard as Jews and Christians, including Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, among others. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet. Moschees are sites of religious prayer for Muslims. In addition to the Kaaba shrine in Mecca and the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, some notable Islamic holy sites are the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina and the Kaaba in Mecca. The Quran (also known as the Koran) is the most important religious document in Islam. Another significant literature is the Hadith (also known as the Sunnah). Muslims also hold some passages from the Judeo-Christian Bible in high regard
- Followers of Islam worship Allah via prayer and recitation of the Quran. It is their belief that there will be a day of judgment and that there is life after death. “Jihad,” which literally translates as “battle,” is a major concept in Islam. Despite the fact that the phrase has been used negatively in popular society, Muslims feel it refers to internal and outward attempts to protect their religious beliefs. Although uncommon, military jihad may be used in the event of a “just war” being declared.
Muhammad, also known as Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, around 570 A.D., and is considered to be the founder of Islam. According to Muslims, he was the final prophet sent by God to proclaim their beliefs to the rest of the world. Islam’s sacred writings and traditions claim that an angel called Gabriel came to visit Muhammad during his meditation session in a cave in the year 610 AAD. Muhammad was instructed by the angel to repeat the words of Allah. Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah for the rest of his life, despite his physical limitations.
He preached that there was only one God, Allah, and that Muslims should devote their lives to worshipping this one and only God.
Muhammad and his supporters embarked on a journey from Mecca to Medina in 622. The Hijra (sometimes written Hegira or Hijrah) is a voyage that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is commemorated on the Islamic calendar. A little more than seven years later, Muhammad and his throngs of followers returned to Mecca and completely subjugated the surrounding area. He preached until his death in 632, at the age of 84.
During the year 622, Muhammad and his supporters migrated from Mecca to Medina. The Hijra (sometimes written Hegira or Hijrah) is a voyage that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is commemorated on the Islamic calendar as the Hijra. Muhammad and his numerous supporters returned to Mecca seven years later and conquered the surrounding area. After his death in 632, he continued to preach.
The job of caliph was taken up by Uthman, Muhammad’s son-in-law, when Umar was slain six years after being proclaimed caliph. Uthman was assassinated as well, and Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, was chosen to be the caliph in his place. During the tenure of the first four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered vast swaths of the Middle East, including Syria, Palestine, Iran, and Iraq, among other places. Islam also expanded throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia, as well as throughout the Middle East.
Sunnis and Shiites
When Muhammad died, there was a heated controversy over who should take over as leader of the Muslim community. Due to this division among the Islamic community, two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sunnis constitute roughly 90 percent of all Muslims in the globe. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs were the legitimate successors to him. Muslims who follow the Shiite school of thought believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are legitimate heirs to Muhammad.
They assert that the legitimacy of the first three caliphs was questioned. Shiite Muslims now have a significant presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria, among other places.
Other Types of Islam
The question of who should succeed Muhammad as leader arose after his death. Due to this division within the Muslim community, two major factions emerged: Sunnis and Shiites. Around the world, Sunnis account for roughly 90 percent of all Muslims. There is widespread agreement that Muhammad’s first four caliphs were the legitimate heirs to the Prophet. Muslims who follow the Shiite school of thought believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the legitimate heirs to Muhammad and the Prophet.
Shiite Muslims now have a significant presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria, as well as other parts of the Islamic world.
- Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, which was created in Saudi Arabia in the 18th century by members of the Tameem clan, is a branch of Islam. Followers adhere to Muhammad ibn Abd al-exceedingly Wahhab’s stringent interpretation of Islam, which he taught them. Alawite: This Shiite branch of Islam is widely practiced in Syria. Followers of the caliph Ali retain similar views about him, but they also mark various Christian and Zoroastrian feasts, as well. Nation of Islam (also known as the Muslim Brotherhood): This Sunni sect with a majority of African-American members was created in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. A disagreement over the method of selecting a new leader caused this group to split from the Shiites. They are well-known for their hardline fundamentalism, and they are now referred to as Ibadis.
The Holy Quran. Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed/EyeEm/Getty Images Nazaruddin Abdul Hamed For Muslims, the Quran (also known as the Koran or the Qur’an) is regarded to be the most significant sacred book in existence. In addition to certain essential material that can be found in the Hebrew Bible, it also contains revelations that were delivered to Muhammad. The text is regarded to be God’s sacred word, and it supersedes all prior works in this regard. The majority of Muslims believe that Muhammad’s scribes recorded his utterances, which were later compiled into the Quran.
It is divided into 114 chapters, which are referred to as surahs.
Why the Quran Was a Bestseller Among Christians in Eighteenth Century America.
The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijra calendar, is a lunar calendar used in Islamic religious devotion that is based on the lunar month of Ramadan. The calendar began in the year 622 A.D., commemorating Muhammad’s trip from Mecca to Medina, and has been in use ever since. According to the Islamic calendar, religious festivals and festivities are held on the appropriate days, including the month-long period of fasting and prayer known as Ramadan, which takes place during the ninth month of the calendar.
Just as there is no internationally acceptable image or symbol of Islam, there is no single image or symbol of Islam that is universally approved by all Muslims worldwide. Despite the fact that the crescent moon and star picture is considered to have predated Islam and was first used as a sign of the Ottoman Empire, the crescent moon and star image has been embraced as a symbol of Islam in several mostly Muslim nations. In various other contexts, like as the International Red Cross and Red Crescenthumanitarian help movement, a red crescent signifies that Muslims are accepted and treated as such by their fellow citizens.
As a result, the color green is sometimes connected with Islam, as it was supposedly a favorite hue of Muhammad’s, and it is frequently depicted prominently on the flags of nations with a largely Muslim population.
Five Pillars of Islam
Muslims adhere to five fundamental pillars that are fundamental to their faith. These are some examples:
- Declaring one’s trust in God and confidence in Muhammad is known as a Shahada. Salat: a five-times-a-day prayer (at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening) that includes the following: Zakat is a religious obligation to contribute to people in need. Sawm: to refrain from eating or drinking during Ramadan
- It is obligatory for all Muslims to do the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetime (if they are physically able to do so).
The legal system of Islam is referred to as Sharia Law. This faith-based code of behavior advises Muslims on how they should live their lives in practically every aspect of their lives, including marriage and family life. Men and women are required to dress modestly under Sharia law. It also includes recommendations for Muslim marriages as well as other moral concepts for Muslims. Those who break the rule are subjected to draconian penalties under Sharia law, which is well-known. In certain countries, for example, the punishment for stealing is amputating the offender’s hand.
Many Muslims, on the other hand, are opposed to such harsh measures.
Building the first mosque in Medina is attributed to the prophet Muhammad, who did it in the courtyard of his residence in Medina. Some of the precepts he established in 622 A.D. continue to be followed by mosques today. A mosque’s big open area or outdoor courtyard is frequently used for Muslim prayer. When praying in a mosque, a mihrab is a decorative feature or niche that symbolizes the direction to Mecca and, consequently, the direction to face when praying. Separate prayers are offered for men and women, and Muslims are permitted to attend a mosque five times a day for each of the five prayer periods.
The two most important Muslim festivals are as follows: The festival of Eid al-Adha commemorates the Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son in the service of Allah. Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, comes to a conclusion on Eid al-Fitr, the feast of the harvest. Muslims also observe other religious festivals, such as the Islamic New Year and the birth of Muhammad, among others.
Recently, Islam’s alleged relationship with terrorism and mass murder has provoked heated political controversy in a number of nations, particularly in the Middle East. Radical Islam” has become a well-known moniker to define the religion’s association with acts of violence, despite its use being contentious at the time. Surveys recently conducted have revealed that in nations with large Muslim populations, the vast majority of Muslims hold highly unfavorable attitudes about terrorist organizations such as ISIS.
Islam is currently the fastest-growing religion in the world.
Islam,BBC. Islam is the second most popular religion in the world. Religious Tolerance is increasing in number. Islam in a Nutshell, CNN. The Fundamentals of Islam, and PBS. What is Sharia Law, and how does it work in practice? BBC. ISIS is reviled in countries with large Muslim populations, and this is especially true in Europe.
Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan research organization. The Religion Library’s Islam Rituals and Worship: Symbolism section has further information. The Islamic Calendar is available at TimeandDate.com.
Where is Islam mainly located?
Where does the majority of Islam take place?
Islam is a religion in its own right. It is a monotheistic religion, which means that its adherents, known as Muslims, only worship one deity, or god. Muslims believe that individuals were created only for the purpose of worshiping God, which is the primary principle of their religion.
Answer and Explanation:
Asia is home to the greatest number of Muslims on the planet, accounting for almost two-thirds (around 66.7 percent) of all Muslims. In terms of Muslim population density, Africa is second only to Asia in terms of Muslim population density, with around 30.6 percent of the Muslim population residing on the continent. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of Muslim citizens of any nation in the world, with a population of more than 260 million people. Indonesia has a Muslim population of around 12.7 percent of the world’s total.
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From Chapter 16/Lesson 9, we learn about Islamic Civilization and Society. Middle Eastern empires began to flourish in the 7th century, when the Arabs conquered the Persian Empire. Review the influence of the caliphates, agriculture, social structure, and the role of women on the development of the Arab world to gain a better understanding of Islamic civilisation and society in general.
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When we talk about Muslims, we may refer to three major parts of their lives: their religious beliefs, their culture and where they live geographically. This concept is also referred to as the Islamic World in other instances. On a religious level, Muslims, or persons who practice Islam, are referred to as members of the Muslim World. The phrase is used to refer to Islamic civilisation in a cultural context. Geographically, it refers to nations and other political territories where Muslims constitute the majority of the population, which is likely the most widely used definition.
- Its adherents are the world’s second biggest religious group after Muslims.
- Shia Islam and Sunni Islam are the two major sects of Islam.
- Only over 170 million people adhere to Shia, which is a smaller denomination.
- Furthermore, Muslim people are found in considerable numbers in China, Russia, India, and the Balkans.
- Indonesia has 220 million people
- India has 195 million
- Pakistan has 184 million
- Bangladesh has 144 million
- Nigeria has 90 million people
- Egypt has 84 million people
- Iran has 78 million people
- Turkey has 75 million people
- Algeria has 37 million people
- Iraq has 36 million people6.
India, with 195 million people; Pakistan with 184 million people; Bangladesh, with 144 million people; Nigeria with 90 million people; Egypt with 84,000,000 people; Turkey with 75,000,000 people; Algeria with 37,000,000 people; Iraq with 36,000,000 people6; Indonesia with 220,000,000 people; Pakistan with 184,000,000 people.
- 70 percent of Muslims, 34 percent of Christians, 27 percent of Hindus, 15 percent of Jews, 5 percent of folk faiths, 5 percent of the Notas (also known as Not Affiliated individuals), 5 percent of other religions, and a -7 percent decline in Buddhists.
As a result, in terms of “market share,” we have: Islam will be the only global religion to see considerable expansion; Christianity will maintain its present “market share,” and may even see a tiny gain; and all other world faiths will have a severe decline in market share (or both). The number of Muslim adults in the United States has been estimated to be anywhere from 1 and 7 million. The first estimate is based on public opinion surveys, and it assumes that practically all individuals who identify as Muslim are willing to reply freely to pollsters.
- It’s safe to say that this figure is an underestimate due to the strong anti-Islamic sentiment in the country.
- It is, without a doubt, an overestimation.
- 2.6 million Muslim adults in the United States, according to a research published in 2015 by Public Lifereport, accounting for 0.6 percent of the country’s population.
More information may be found here. States with a Muslim majority include Islamic states (dark green), states in which Islam is the official religion (light green), secular states (blue), and other (orange), all of which are classified as Islamic.
The Muslim World
Details may be found at the following link: States with a Muslim majority include Islamic nations (dark green), states in which Islam is the official religion (light green), secular states (blue), and others (orange).
An Islamic state is a political territory, generally a nation, that bases its administration, laws, and social values on Sharia law, which is the Islamic interpretation of the law. It is frequently referred to as a theocracy. The concept derives from the historical Caliphate, which encompassed provinces administered by religious leaders who were considered to be Muhammad’s successors in authority. The current political traditions of an Islamic state, such as the existence of a parliament or a President, are possible today.
Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Mauritania, and Yemen are the most important Islamic countries in the world.
In order to guarantee that all rules are in accordance with Sharia law, religious tribunals are formed. In fact, even the Supreme Leader, who has more political influence than the President, is a scholar of Islamic law and has studied it extensively.
Countries With Islam As State Religion
Other nations are not quite called Islamic states, despite the fact that Islam is the officially recognized state religion in such countries. All of these nations have Muslim majorities in their populations. Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Algeria, Malaysia, Maldives, Morocco, Libya, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, Somalia, and Brunei are among the countries involved. Islam is also recognized as the official religion of Libya. Libya is the most religiously diverse country in the Muslim world since it is home to 18 different religions that are also recognized as official state religions.
Neutral Muslim Majority Countries
In a neutral Muslim-majority nation, the majority of the population is Muslim, despite the fact that Islam is not the official state religion. Nigeria, Indonesia, Sudan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sierra Leone, and Djibouti are among the countries that have signed the agreement.
Secular Muslim Majority Countries
Most people in secular Muslim majority nations identify as adherents of Islam, despite the fact that the bulk of the population is secular. The government, on the other hand, has established a strict separation of church and state. According to this proclamation, religion should not be allowed to meddle with or affect civic and political issues. Albania, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Chad, The Gambia, Guinea, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Mali, Northern Cyprus, Nigeria, Senegal, Syria, Lebanon, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, and Uzbekistan are among the countries on this list, as are Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Chad, The Gambia, Guinea, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz
Islamic Countries In The World
|Islamic States/Countries With Islam As State Religion||% Of Population That Is Muslim|
|United Arab Emirates||76|
Islam Fast Facts
(CNN) Take a look at Islam for a moment. Islam is translated as “submission” or “surrender” in several languages. Surrender to Allah’s will – Allah is the Arabic word meaning God.
Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Muslims, the adherents of Islam, believe in a single God, Allah, and that Muhammad was his prophet.
Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam and is also the most populous. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs (leaders) are the genuine heirs to Muhammad’s position. Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab founded the Wahabi sect in Saudi Arabia, which is made of members of the Tameem tribe who adhere to the stringent orthodox teachings of Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab. The Shiite (or Shia) sect of Islam, the second-largest branch of Islam, believes that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the genuine heirs to Muhammad, and rejects the first three caliphs as unfit for office.
Furthermore, they observe a number of Christian and Zoroastrian holidays in addition to Islamic holidays.
They were well-known for their uncompromising opinions on the Quran’s adherence as well as for their extremist fundamentalist views.
The Nation of Islam is a predominantly African-American religious organization that was formed in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. It is a Sunni sect, as the name suggests. Other Sunni and Shiite sects exist in African and Arab countries, as well as in other parts of the world.
In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.
Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.
Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world. Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.
657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.
Muhammad and the Faith of Islam [ushistory.org]
It is during the years of 650 and 652 AD that the Quran is completed, which contains all of Muhammad’s revelations/teachings. When a fraction of its adherents split away and form a third faction, the Kharijites, in 657 AD, the Shiite Muslims are further divided.
A Revelation of Faith
Muhammad received a revelation while meditating in a cave on the mountain of Hira. Eventually, Muhammad came to think that he had been chosen by God to serve as a prophet and teacher of a new religion, Islam, which literally translates as “submission.” The elements of Judaism and Christianity were merged into this new religion. Religions’ sacred texts, as well as their famous prophets and leaders – Abraham, Moses and Jesus, among others — were held in high regard. Muhammad addressed Abraham as “Khalil,” which means “God’s companion,” and designated him as the ancient patriarch of Islam.
Muhammad thought that he was God’s ultimate prophet and that he himself was the final prophet.
- There is just one worldwide God, and his name is Allah. Muslims are obliged to pray five times a day with their backs to Mecca, according to Islamic tradition. All Muslims are required to pay an annual tax, which is mostly used to assist the poor and needy. Muslims are prohibited from eating, smoking, drinking, or engaging in sexual intercourse from sunrise to sunset during the whole month of Ramadan. All capable Muslims are required to do the Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca) at least once in their lives.
Only one God exists in the universe: Allah. Muslims are supposed to pray five times a day with their backs to Mecca, as dictated by Islamic tradition. Each year, all Muslims are required to pay a tax, the majority of which is used to assist the poor and needy. Muslims are not permitted to eat, smoke, drink, or engage in sexual intercourse between the hours of sunrise and sunset throughout the whole month of Ramadan. The Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca) is a religious obligation that every capable Muslim must fulfill at least once in their lives.
From Mecca to Medina and Back
Muhammad escaped to the town of Medina in 622 because he was afraid for his life. The Hegira, which is Arabic for “flight,” was the name given to this voyage from Mecca to Medina. This year marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. When Muhammad and his entourage arrived in Medina, the locals greeted them warmly. Muhammad established the first mosque, also known as the Islamic temple, at Mecca and began the process of separating Islam from the religions of Judaism and Christianity, which had first inspired him.
Allah’s revelations to Muhammad lasted throughout his life.
During his time in Mecca, Muhammad was involved in a number of fights with the locals.
Before his death two years later, he had forced the conversion of the majority of the Arabian Peninsula to his new faith and established a tiny kingdom on the peninsula’s southern tip.
Many Islamic sects have a belief in jihad, which is a common thread running through them. Despite the fact that the actual meaning of the Arabic word is difficult to convey in English, the word jihad is most appropriately translated as “fight.” For the vast majority of Muslims, jihad is a personal battle against evil. The sacred wars of this spiritual conflict are fought within the minds and hearts of Muslims. Sometimes the fight takes the shape of a physical battle against those who do not believe in God.
- A small but vocal minority of Muslims, on the other hand, places a high value on holy war jihads.
- It is this idea of jihad that serves as an inspiration for Islamic extremist terrorist activity.
- It should be emphasized that mainstream Islam is a peaceful religion that opposes the concept of unjustified violence.
- The unfortunate thing is that Muhammad had not named a successor.
Despite these difficulties, a huge Islamic empire was established over the course of the following 12 centuries, resulting in a worshiper base that was unsurpassed by any other religion.
Did you know?: The Spread of Islam in Southeast Asia through the Trade Routes
The Silk Roads are among the most important routes in our collective history, and they are still in use today. The establishment of ties between east and west was made possible by the construction of these highways, which exposed varied regions to a variety of different ideas and ways of life. Notably, many of the world’s main religions, including Islam, were spread as a result of these contacts, which is noteworthy. Following the establishment of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century, the religion began to spread eastward through commerce, which was aided by the construction of the maritime Silk Roads.
- This allowed them to control the East-West trade routes that ran over the maritime Silk Roads, which linked numerous key ports in eastern Asian countries together.
- Due to these exchanges, Islam was able to spread even farther, reaching people living in significant coastal towns on the Indian Subcontinent and in China, as well as those living in more remote South-eastern islands such as modern Indonesia and the Philippines.
- Historically, Muslim traders traveling from the Arabian Peninsula to China’s ports had to transit via these islands in the southern hemisphere through the maritime Silk Roads.
- According to popular belief, some of these traders eventually moved in Indonesia and assimilated with the locals.
- It is possible to see archeological evidence of Islam being practiced by monarchs in the 13th century by looking at tombstones inscribed with dates according to the Islamic year of Sumatran Kings from the 13th century.
Furthermore, during the 13th century, contacts between Muslim merchants and the local population, as well as trade through the Silk Roads between the southern Philippines and other neighboring regions such as Brunei, Malaysia, and Indonesia, aided in the spread of Islam among the local population in those regions.
Islam, like Buddhism, was assimilated into the existing cultural and religious influences of the Southeast Asian areas in a similar way.
Sri Lanka has an ancient monastic hospital system that dates back thousands of years.
The Khwarazm region and the Silk Roads are intertwined.
The spread of Buddhism throughout South and Southeast Asia as a result of trade routes.
Sayyid Bin Abu Ali, a true representative of intercultural relations throughout the Maritime Silk Roads, was recently honored. Thailand and the Silk Roads of the Maritime Silk Roads The Greeks Have a Foothold in Central Asia Routes of the Maritime Silk Routes in Central Asia