The world’s primary religions fall into two categories: Abrahamic religions, such as Christianity, Judaism, and Islam; and Indian religions, which include Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and others. Of the world’s major religions, Christianity is the largest, with more than two billion followers.
- 1 Is Buddhism the largest religion in the world?
- 2 What is the Muslims God’s name?
- 3 Which religion has the most followers worldwide quizlet?
- 4 Who is the founder of Islam?
- 5 What are the 3 biggest religions?
- 6 Which is the beautiful religion in the world?
- 7 How many followers does Christianity have?
- 8 What is Islam religion based on?
- 9 Who wrote the Quran?
- 10 What does Allah mean in Hebrew?
- 11 Is the Bible older than the Quran?
- 12 Religion by Country 2021
- 13 How Many Religions Exist in the World
- 14 World Population by Religion
- 15 Christianity
- 16 Islam
- 17 Hinduism
- 18 Buddhism
- 19 Other Religions
- 20 Unaffiliated or Atheist
- 21 World’s largest religion by population is still Christianity
- 22 Which religion has the most followers worldwide?
- 23 1. Christianity
- 24 2. Islam
- 25 3. Unaffiliated
- 26 4. Hinduism
- 27 5. Other religious groups
- 28 10. Cao Dai (4.4 million followers)
- 29 9. Muism/Sinism/Shingyo (10 million followers)
- 30 8. Daoism (12 million followers)
- 31 7. Judaism (14 million followers)
- 32 6. Sikhism (25 million followers)
- 33 5. Shintoism (104 million followers)
- 34 4. Buddhism (500 million followers)
- 35 3. Hinduism (1.1 billion followers)
- 36 2. Islam (1.8 billion followers)
- 37 1. Christianity (2.3 billion followers)
- 38 The Global Religious Landscape
- 39 Religion: why faith is becoming more and more popular
- 40 Which religions are growing, and where?
- 41 What about theocratic states?
- 42 What religions are oldest and are there any new ones?
- 43 Does religion have an impact on the world?
- 44 What happens next?
- 45 5 Main World Religions and Their Basic Beliefs
- 46 Population Percentages By Religion
- 47 Christianity Overview
- 48 Islam Overview
- 49 Hinduism Overview
- 50 Buddhism Overview
- 51 Judaism Overview
- 52 15 Most Widely Practiced Religions
- 53 Learn More About World Religions
Is Buddhism the largest religion in the world?
Globally, Muslims make up the second largest religious group, with 1.8 billion people, or 24% of the world’s population, followed by religious “nones” (16%), Hindus (15%) and Buddhists (7%). Adherents of folk religions, Jews and members of other religions make up smaller shares of the world’s people.
What is the Muslims God’s name?
Allah is the standard Arabic word for God and is used by Arabic-speaking Christians and Jews as well as by Muslims.
Which religion has the most followers worldwide quizlet?
Christianity is the world’s biggest religion, with about 2.2 billion followers worldwide.
Who is the founder of Islam?
The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.
What are the 3 biggest religions?
Major religious groups
- Christianity (31.2%)
- Islam (24.1%)
- No religion (16%)
- Hinduism (15.1%)
- Buddhism (6.9%)
- Folk religions (5.7%)
- Sikhism (0.3%)
- Judaism (0.2%)
Which is the beautiful religion in the world?
Islam -The Most Beautiful Religion.
How many followers does Christianity have?
Of the world’s major religions, Christianity is the largest, with more than two billion followers. Christianity is based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and is approximately 2,000 years old.
What is Islam religion based on?
The basis for Islamic doctrine is found in the Qur’an (Koran). Muslims believe the Qur’an is the word of God, spoken by the angel Gabriel to Muhammad. The Qur’an was only in oral form while Muhammad was living, which means it was constantly interpreted by Muhammad and his disciples.
Who wrote the Quran?
The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.
What does Allah mean in Hebrew?
The word is thought to be derived by contraction from al-ilāh, which means “the god”, and is linguistically related to the Hebrew words El (Elohim), Elah and the Aramaic word ܐܲܠܵܗܵܐ (ʼAlâhâ) for God. The word Allah has been used by Arabic people of different religions since pre-Islamic times.
Is the Bible older than the Quran?
The Bible is older than the Quran. The Quran was written by Muhammad in the 500 ADs. The Bible consists of books written centuries before. All of them were compiled into the Bible at a later time but the books themselves existed before the Quran.
Religion by Country 2021
A religion is a system of belief or worship that has an impact on how a person perceives, thinks about, and interacts with the world around them. A person’s religious beliefs are frequently the primary basis of their ethical and moral principles. For many believers, religion provides enormous consolation and, in some cases, even a sense of purpose. There are several distinct faiths practiced around the world. Despite the fact that religions are sometimes diametrically opposed to one another in terms of theology and practice, it is arguable that the vast majority of them are centered on two nearly universal themes: how to behave on Earth and what to anticipate when we die.
How Many Religions Exist in the World
For a variety of reasons, determining the actual number of faiths practiced throughout the world is a difficult, if not impossible, process. Many faiths can be difficult to distinguish from one another, especially for individuals who are not thoroughly versed with their theology. Even more significantly, there are few, if any, rules defining what constitutes a completely different religion from what constitutes a denomination (subdivision). Consider Christianity as an example: while old Mennonite church practices and beliefs differ significantly from those of a modern Vineyard church or Assembly of God church, both are still recognized to be part of the Christian faith.
As an example, the line between having a spiritual but non-religious experience and having a religious experience can differ from person to person.
According to one popular estimate, there are around 4000-4300 faiths in the globe, however this figure is heavily contested.
Moreover, it takes into account each of the various denominations within a single religion—so Christianity, for example, would not be counted as a single religion, but as hundreds of religions, including Protestantism, Catholicism, Lutheranism, Methodistism, Episcopalism, the Assembly of God, the Seventh Day Adventist Church, the Mormon Church, and so on.
World Population by Religion
A religion is identified by around 85 percent of the world’s population. Christianity is the most widely practiced religion in the world, with an estimated 2.38 billion adherents worldwide. Islam, which is embraced by more than 1.91 billion people, is the second most popular religion in the world. However, according to demographic analysts, Islam will have virtually caught up to Christianity by the year 2050, if not sooner. Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, and two umbrella categories are among the other religions that have been assessed and predicted.
The second is “traditional religions,” which includes traditional religions from throughout the world.
Finally, a sizable percentage of people—nearly 1.2 billion people worldwide—remain nonreligious or hold Atheist beliefs in their hearts and minds. The following table shows the total expected population of each religion in 2020:
- Christendom has 2.38 billion adherents, Islam has 1.91 billion, Hinduism has 1.16 billion, Buddhism has 507 million adherents, Folk Religions have 430 million adherents, Other Religions have 61 million adherents, Judaism has 14.6, and the unaffiliated have 1.19 billion adherents.
The world’s most popular religion, Christianity, is embraced by almost 2.4 billion people and is the world’s largest religion. Christianity is separated into two schools of thought: Eastern theology and Western theology. Within both schools of thought, there are several branches, including Catholicism, Protestantism, and Eastern Orthodoxy. Baptists, Methodists, Lutherans, Seventh-Day Adventists, Mormons, Amish, and other groups are among the hundreds of different types of churches that exist today.
In some other countries, at least 93 percent of the population professes faith in Christ.
Countries whose populations are at least 93% Christian:
- Armenia, Barbados, East Timor, El Salvador, Greece, Kiribati, Malta, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, the Republic of Moldova, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and Venezuela are among the countries represented.
Islam is the world’s second most popular religion after Christianity. Muslims are those who adhere to the Islamic faith. In the Maldives, Mauritania, and Saudi Arabia, Islam is practiced by all of the people who reside there. In numerous countries, at least 95 percent of the population considers themselves to be either Sunni or Shia Muslims:
Countries whose populations are at least 95% Muslim:
- Afghanistan, Algeria, Comoros, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Morocco, Pakistan, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey, and Yemen are among the countries represented.
There are fifty Muslim-majority nations in the globe.
Hinduism is the third most popular religion in the world. Hinduism is seen as a dharma, or way of life, by many. Originally from the Indian subcontinent, it has spread across Southeast Asia and is now commonly practiced there. Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism are the four major denominations of Hinduism. It should come as no surprise that India has the greatest Hindu population, but not the highest proportion of Hindus. Hindus constitute around 79.8 percent of India’s population, with an estimated total population of 1.093 billion.
Countries with a large number of Hindus:
- India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the United States, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, and Mauritius are among the countries represented.
India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the United States, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, and Mauritius are among the countries participating in the competition.
Countries with the highest percentage of Buddhists:
- Cambodia, Thailand, Burma/Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Laos, Mongolia, and Bhutan are among the countries represented.
Khmer Republic of Thailand; Myanmar (Burma/Myanmar); Sri Lankan Republic of Laos; Mongolian Republic of Bhutan Many countries have religious traditions that are based on ethical principles or indigenous beliefs. In Guinea-Bissau and Haiti, almost half of the population adheres to one of these religions, according to estimates. These are some of the other countries where ethnic and indigenous faiths are practiced:
- Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Sudan, and Togo are among the countries represented.
Unaffiliated or Atheist
Finally, as already said, a large number of individuals are non-religious or atheist. This is especially noticeable in countries such as Estonia, the Czech Republic, China, and Japan, where more than three-quarters of the population refuses to participate in a religious tradition.
Countries with a high percentage of unaffiliated/atheist citizens:
- China, Estonia, Czech Republic, Japan, Denmark, France, Hong Kong, Macau, Norway, Sweden, and Vietnam are among the countries represented.
World’s largest religion by population is still Christianity
“>According to a recent Pew Research Center demographic survey, Christians were the world’s largest religious group in 2015, accounting for over a third (31 percent) of the planet’s 7.3 billion inhabitants. However, the survey also reveals that the number of Christians in Europe, which many believe to be the religion’s “heartland,” is on the decline, according to the findings. According to our demographic models, Christians have experienced the highest number of births and deaths of any religious group in recent years.
- However, the opposite is true among Christians in Europe, whose deaths outpaced births by approximately 6 million over this same time.
- When compared to Christians in other regions of the world and other religious groups, this natural decline in Europe’s aging Christian population was unprecedented in history.
- Muslims are the world’s second biggest religious group, accounting for 1.8 billion people, or 24 percent of the world’s population, behind religious “nones,” who account for 16 percent of the world’s population, Hindus (15 percent), and Buddhists (10 percent) (7 percent ).
- Muslims, more than any other religious group, including Christians, have enjoyed the largest natural increase.
- 61 million deaths).
- Of course, not all newborns will grow up to follow in the religious tradition of their mother.
- In the aggregate, the influence of religion switching, on the other hand, is eclipsed by the impact of disparities in fertility and death rates.
- Muslims have the greatest fertility rate of any religious group on the planet, with an average of 2.9 children born to every woman, far higher than the replacement level (2.1), which is normally required to maintain a steady population.
- Christians have the second highest fertility rate in the world, with 2.6 children born to every female Christian.
Hindu and Jewish fecundity (2.3 children per woman each) are both somewhat lower than the world average of 2.4 children per woman (2.4 children per woman). All other major religious organizations have fertility rates that are insufficient to support their respective populations.
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Every other day, four brief courses will be given to your mailbox to help you learn more about Muslims and Islam. Sign up right away! Aspects such as age disparities are also significant for future development. Some religious organizations’ adherents are mostly youthful, with their prime childbearing years still ahead of them, whereas members of other religious groups are elderly, with their prime childbearing years well behind them, according to the latest available data. In comparison to other religious groups, Muslims have the youngest median age (24) of all, which is likely to contribute to their quick development.
In addition, all of the other groups are older than the global median, which is one of the reasons they are likely to lag behind the rate of world population increase in the future.
10 interesting facts about religion in the United States Conrad Hacketti is a senior demographer and associate director of research at the Pew Research Center in Washington, D.C.
Which religion has the most followers worldwide?
(Image courtesy of Getty) It’s easy to believe that we live in a secular culture until holidays like Easter, Eid, or Passover arrive and a large number of our friends and family members are participating. In actuality, the vast majority of the world’s population adheres to one or more religions, and while there are hundreds (if not thousands) of different denominations, there are a handful that are the most widely practiced. The following are the ones that have the greatest number of followers throughout the world.
(Image courtesy of Getty) According to a demographic research conducted by the Pew Research Center, Christianity is the most popular religion in the world. There were around 2.3 billion individuals who identified as Christian in the world in 2015, according to estimates. This equates to 31.2 percent of the world’s population at the time of writing. The study did discover, however, that Christianity is on the decline in Europe, with more Christians dying than being born, according to the findings.
(Image courtesy of Getty) Muslims are the second-largest religious group in the world after Christians. Muslims account for around 1.8 billion people, or 24 percent of the world’s population. According to projections, Islam will be the fastest-growing religion on the planet, with births outnumbering deaths by 152 million between 2010 and 2015.
Even while not all kids would want to remain in their natal religion, the study concluded that the impact of disparities in fertility and mortality outweighs this.
(Image courtesy of Getty) 1.2 billion individuals in the globe did not identify as belonging to a religion, despite the fact that it is not a religion. This covers persons who identify as secular, non-religious, atheist, or agnostic, as well as those who identify as religious. According to reports, half of this population is theistic, but not especially religious in any sense. Humanists are also included in this group of individuals.
(Image courtesy of Getty) There are 1.1 billion Hindus in the globe, according to the United Nations. This corresponds to around 15% of the total population. The Asia-Pacific area has the biggest concentration of Hinduism, with just a little percentage of Hinduism in America, North Africa, and the Middle East, respectively. Between now and 2060, it is predicted that the Hindu population would increase by around 27 percent.
5. Other religious groups
(Image courtesy of Getty) Buddhists account for 6.9 percent of the world’s population, whereas folk religions (African traditional religions, Chinese folk religions, Native American religions, and Australian aboriginal faiths) account for 5.7 percent of the global population. The remaining 0.8 percent belong to the category of ‘other religions,’ which includes Baha’is, Jains, Sikhs, Taoists, and a variety of other minor faiths. Surprisingly, Jewish people account for just 0.2 percent of the world’s population, or 10 million individuals.
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The Dome of the Rock, which is located in Jerusalem. It is regarded sacred by three of the world’s main faiths, and it is located in Israel (Jews, Muslims, and Christians alike). Religion plays an important part in the lives of many committed believers, having an impact on every area of everyday life. There are many different faiths practiced around the globe, yet the majority of the world’s main religions may be divided into two broad divisions. There are Abrahamic faiths (Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Baha’i, and so on) and Indian religions in this category (Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, etc.).
10. Cao Dai (4.4 million followers)
Vietnamese religion Cao Dai was founded in 1926 and is often recognized as a distinctively nationalist religion. Cao Dai was a religious system that began in Vietnam. After an incredible encounter at a seance, Ngo Van Chieu came up with the idea of founding the faith. He was a former administrator who claimed he had received a message from the god regarded as the “Supreme Being” following an exceptional experience he had. Cao Dai incorporates components of other major global faiths, including Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam, and Taoism, as well as elements of other world religions.
Cao Dai practitioners lay a strong emphasis on universal principles such as justice, love, peace, and tolerance, as well as on the individual.
9. Muism/Sinism/Shingyo (10 million followers)
Muism (also known as Sinism, Shingyo, or Korean shamanism) is a religion that is deeply rooted in traditional Korean culture and history, as well as in the Korean shamanic tradition. Even prehistoric times may be traced back to the origins of the religion. Muism has witnessed a rise in popularity in South Korea during the last several years. Even under North Korea’s totalitarian rule, it is estimated that around 16 percent of the population adheres to the Muism religious belief system, according to official estimates.
Murangs, or Muism’s spiritual leaders, are primarily females who perform the role of intermediary between the gods and human beings.
8. Daoism (12 million followers)
Daoism is believed to have started in China around two thousand years ago. This religion, which is often referred to as Taoism, is related with a belief in the occult and the metaphysical realms. The bulk of Daoist adherents are concentrated in Asian nations such as China, Japan, South Korea, and Vietnam, among others. A man named Laozi is often regarded as the founder of the religion, and it is believed that he was the author of the Daodejing, a work considered to be the foundation of the faith.
A person’s overall physical and psychological well-being, as well as their overall physical and psychological well-being, are key considerations in Daoist philosophy.
7. Judaism (14 million followers)
In its lengthy and colorful history, Judaism can be traced all the way back to the Eighth Century BC, when it first appeared in the Land of Israel. Originally from the Middle East, this monotheistic religion has three primary branches that are all related to each other. There are three main types of Judaism: Orthodox Judaism, Conservative Judaism, and Reform Judaism (ranked from most to least conservatively traditional). However, while they all have their roots in the same religious belief system, they differ in terms of how they read scripture and how they carry out certain rites.
As a result, they are also employed as a type of community center.
6. Sikhism (25 million followers)
Sikhism is a relatively recent religion when compared to other world faiths. It originated in India and is based on the teachings of Guru Nanak and his Ten Successors, all of whom are now deceased. Sikhs have historically played important roles in regional politics, and they were a prominent force during the partition of India in 1947. In the heart of the Sikh religion are the key concepts of sewaandsimran, which pertain to community service and the remembering of God, respectively, and which are intertwined with one another.
5. Shintoism (104 million followers)
Japan is the birthplace of Shintoism. the origins of which are supposed to have begun in the Eighth Century The faith’s adherents believe in the existence of a plethora of gods, and the phrase Shinto itself translates as “way of the gods.” It is claimed that over 80 percent of Japanese inhabitants practice Shintoism, with the country of Japan alone hosting more than 80 thousand Shinto temples. An aspect of the faith that distinguishes it from others is that adherents are not forced to publicly announce their adherence to the religion.
These are rituals that are conducted on a regular basis with the goal of cleansing believers of sin, guilt, sickness, and sometimes even bad luck.
4. Buddhism (500 million followers)
Buddhism was formed in Ancient India around 2,500 years ago, and is based on the teachings of Buddha, also known as Gautama Buddha or Siddhrtha Gautama, who was born in the city of Lumbini. Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism are the two primary branches of the religion, which are distinct from one another. Buddhism is practiced in Tibet under the Vajrayana school of thought, but Zen Buddhism is more widely practiced in Japan under the Zen school of thought. One of the major pillars of the Buddhist belief system is nonviolence, which is combined with moral purity and ethical behavior.
Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th and current Dalai Lama, is without a doubt the most well-known character in the Buddhist world.
In addition to being Tibet’s current (and exiled) spiritual leader, this former monk is also an ardent peace campaigner who advocates for the rights of all people.
3. Hinduism (1.1 billion followers)
In southern Asian nations such as India, Nepal, and Indonesia, Hindus constitute the majority of the population. In the country of India alone, it is believed that Hinduism is practiced by over 80 percent of the people. Despite the fact that nothing is known about the religion’s origins, it is commonly believed to have developed over a period of around 4,000 years in India. Hinduism is profoundly ingrained in Indian society as a result of its historical significance as an old religion system.
Engagement in yoga, as well as an interest in facts relevant to the body’s chakra system, are examples of this type of participation (energy points located throughout the human body which can be used for healing and improving health, both spiritually and physically).
2. Islam (1.8 billion followers)
Mecca was the birthplace of Islam, which began in the Seventh Century. Religion adherents believe that there is only one deity (Allah), whose words were recorded and preserved in the holy book of the Qur’an, which is still considered the most important spiritual scripture in the faith. When it comes to comprehending Islam, the Prophet Muhammad, who lived from 570 to 632 CE, is among the most important historical personalities in the world. According to Islam, this guy was God’s final prophet, according to his followers.
Aside from Ibadi, Ahmadi, and several other, much smaller denominations of Muslims, there are two primary factions of Muslims: Sunni (the biggest internationally, accounting for around 80% of all Muslims) and Shia (accounting for approximately 15% of all Muslims).
Islam is currently the fastest growing religion on the earth in terms of sheer numbers of adherents all across the world.
1. Christianity (2.3 billion followers)
- Christianity, which has been around for more than two thousand years, is a faith that is founded on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. The Christian faith has risen from its humble origins as a small sub-group that sprang from Judaism to become the most popular religion on the planet, with adherents spread throughout the world. Christians believe in the existence of a single God who sent his only son, Jesus Christ, to redeem people from their sins and the torment that awaits them in the afterworld. Christ’s death on the crucifixion (Crucification), as well as his burial and resurrection, are all viewed as having been carried out in the service of bringing eternal life and forgiveness to those who embrace Christ as their personal savior, according to his followers. Even in our modern culture, Christianity continues to play a significant and strong role, not only in terms of religious ceremonies, but also on a far broader level of understanding. Even in terms of moulding the social and political policies of Christian-majority countries, it may be said to be effective in this regard.
The Global Religious Landscape
More than eight out of 10 individuals throughout the world identify with a religious group of some kind. Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life conducted a comprehensive demographic study of more than 230 countries and territories. The study found that there are 5.8 billion religiously affiliated adults and children worldwide, accounting for 84 percent of the global population of 6.9 billion in 2010. After analyzing more than 2,500 censuses, surveys, and population registers, the demographic study discovered that there were 2.2 billion Christians (32 percent) in the world in 2010, 1.6 billion Muslims (23 percent), 1 billion Hindus (15 percent), nearly 500 million Buddhists (7 percent), and 14 million Jews (0.2 percent) in the world in 2010.
One estimate suggests that 58 million people, or slightly less than one percent of the world’s population, adhere to a religion other than Christianity.
1 A new survey by the Pew Forum also discovered that around one-in-six individuals throughout the world (1.1 billion people, or 16 percent) do not identify with a religious group or adhere to a religious tradition.
According to surveys, many unaffiliated people have religious or spiritual views (such as believe in God or belief in a universal spirit) despite the fact that they do not identify with a particular religious tradition.
There is a wide variation in the geographical distribution of religious groupings. In the Asia-Pacific area, a number of religious groups are substantially concentrated, including the overwhelming majority of Hindus (99 percent), Buddhists (99 percent), practitioners of folk or traditional religions (90 percent), and adherents of other global faiths (89 percent ). Additionally, the vast and populous Asia-Pacific area is home to three-quarters of those who are religiously unaffiliated (76 percent).
In addition, the Asia-Pacific area is home to the majority of the world’s Muslims (62 percent ).
Christians are the most equally distributed religious group among the major religious groups studied in this study.
Most Jews (44 percent) live in North America, while nearly four in ten (41 percent) dwell in the Middle East and North Africa — virtually all of them in Israel – according to the most recent census.
Living as Majorities and Minorities
Almost three-quarters of the world’s population (73 percent) lives in nations where their religious group constitutes a majority of the population. Only roughly a quarter of the world’s population (27 percent) identify as religious minority. (This statistic does not include subcategories of the eight major groups in this survey, such as Shia Muslims who live in Sunni-majority nations or Catholics who live in Protestant-majority countries, which are included in the study.) Hindus and Christians are more likely to live in nations where they are in the majority than in countries where they are not.
(See the Religious Composition by Country table for information on the religious composition of each country.) Most Muslims (73 percent) and religiously unaffiliated persons (71 percent) also live in nations where they are the majority religious group, but by lesser majorities than in other countries.
- The religiously unaffiliated constitute a majority of the population in six nations, with China constituting the biggest proportion by far.
- The majority of adherents of the world’s other main religious traditions reside in nations where they are in the minority.
- Only three out of ten people (28 percent) reside in the seven nations where Buddhists constitute the majority of the population: Bhutan, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and the United Kingdom.
- There are no nations in which members of other religions (such as Baha’is, Jains, Shintoists, Sikhs, Taoists, followers of Tenrikyo, Wiccans, and Zoroastrians) constitute a majority of the population (as opposed to Christians, Muslims, and Jews).
Young and Old
According to the average age of the population, certain faiths have much younger populations than others. Part of the reason for the age disparities is due to the geographic spread of religious groupings. Those with a substantial proportion of followers in rapidly emerging nations have younger demographics on average. Older people tend to be concentrated in China and advanced industrial nations, where population growth is slower and there is less competition for resources. Both Muslims (23 years) and Hindus (26) have a median age that is younger than the world’s entire population (which is 76 years old) (28).
Buddhists have a median age of 30 years, followed by adherents of other faiths (32), practitioners of folk or traditional religions (33), the religiously unaffiliated (34) and members of other religions (35).
(34). The median age of Jews is 36, which is more than a dozen years older than the median age of Muslims, who are the youngest group.
About the Study
In a new study on the global religious landscape, conducted by The Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life as part of the Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures project, which analyses religious change and its impact on societies around the world, the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life discovered that The demographic research investigates the number, regional distribution, and median age of eight main religious groups – including the unaffiliated – that collectively account for 100 percent of the estimated 2010 worldwide population, according to the findings.
- In order to conduct the study, the Pew Forum’s demographers and other research staff gathered, evaluated, and standardized data from more than 2,500 national censuses, large-scale surveys, and official population registers.
- 4 Many nations have already done or are currently conducting a national census, and others are planning to do so.
- It was necessary to make a data-collection cut-off at some point, and this report is based on information available as of the beginning of the year 2012.
- See Appendix A for further information on the technique that was used to estimate religious populations in 232 nations and territories throughout the world.
- Show the sortable tables at to see how each country’s and territory’s population is divided into the eight primary religious groups identified in the survey, both in terms of numbers and percentages.
- It is possible that the availability of new data sources, such as newly published censuses in a few countries, and the use of population growth predictions to update estimates in countries with older primary data sources are responsible for these disparities.
Defining the Religious Groups
This research is based on participants’ self-identification. With this survey, the goal is to determine the approximate number of people throughout the world who identify themselves as members of various religious organizations. Members of these groups’ willingness to actively follow their religions or their religiousness are not attempted to be measured by this survey. Attempts are being made to count groups and individuals who self-identify as members of five widely recognized world religions – Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Muslims, and Jews – as well as people associated with three other religious categories that may be less familiar: Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs.
This is being done in order to obtain statistics that are comparable across countries.
Folk or Traditional Religions
Folk religions are firmly associated with a certain group of people, ethnicity, or tribal affiliation. Aspects of various global faiths are sometimes mixed with indigenous beliefs and practices in a process known as interfaith blending. These religions are frequently devoid of official creeds or sacred scriptures. For example, traditional religious practices found in Africa and China, Native American religious practices, and Australian aboriginal religious practices are all examples of folk religions.
The Religiously Unaffiliated
A certain people, race, or tribe is intimately associated with a particular folk religion. Aspects of different global faiths are sometimes mixed with indigenous beliefs and practices in a process known as interfaith dialogue. There are no official creeds or holy books in many of these religions. For example, traditional religious practices seen in Africa and China, Native American faiths, and Australian aboriginal religions are all examples of folk religious practices.
The “other faiths” category is broad and includes groups that are not categorized in any other category. Following adherents of religions who are frequently not counted individually in censuses and surveys include those of the Baha’i faith, Jainism, Shintoism, Sikhism, Taoism, Tenrikyo, Wicca, Zoroastrianism, and many other faiths. Given the scarcity of data on these faiths in many nations, it has not been tried to estimate the number of particular religions under this group by the Pew Forum; nevertheless, some tentative figures are available from other sources.
Roadmap to the Report
In the next portions of this research, which are separated into eight categories – one for each of the major religious groups, arranged in descending order of size: Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism.
- Christians, Muslims, Religiously Unaffiliated, Hindus, Buddhists, Folk Religionists, Other Religions, Jews
- Christians, Muslims, Religiously Unaffiliated
This research splits the world into six primary regions to explore the geographical distribution of religious groups: Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East and North Africa, North America, and sub-Saharan Africa. See theMethodology for a list of the nations included in each area. Footnotes: 1 Many nations do not conduct particular censuses or polls on religious beliefs, despite the fact that some of the faiths included in the “other religions” category have millions of members across the world.
- According to the World Religion Database, the Sikh community is by far the biggest of these sects, with around 25 million adherents.
- (return to the textual content) 2 See the section on Folk Religionists for a discussion of the difficulties of determining the prevalence of folk or traditional religions in a given population.
- Even if everyone alive in 2010 lined up from youngest to oldest, the median age would be 28 years old, based on a chronological age distribution.
- See the description of population registries provided by the United Nations Statistics Division ().
Although the new data suggest a slightly different religious landscape than the estimate made by this study for the broader United Kingdom (England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland), which is based primarily on the 2010 Annual Population Survey conducted by the United Kingdom’s Office for National Statistics, the new data do not rule out a religious landscape in the broader United Kingdom.
The belief in “God or a universal spirit” is frequently asked about in the Pew Forum’s polls conducted in the United States.
The ISSP poll inquires about respondents’ religious beliefs or their belief in a “higher power of some kind.” The results for China are based on an analysis by the Pew Forum of the 2007 Spiritual Life Study of Chinese Residents, which was performed by the Chinese polling organization Horizon in 2007.
The believe in God statistic in China is a measure of people’s belief in God, gods, spirits, ghosts, or Buddha. (return to the textual content)
Religion: why faith is becoming more and more popular
If you believe that religion is a thing of the past and that we live in an era of reason, you should consider the following facts: Approximately 84 percent of the world’s population claims affiliation with a religious organisation. People who belong to this demographic are often younger and have more children than those who do not belong to a religious group, which means that the globe is becoming more religious rather than less religious – although there are substantial regional variances. According to 2015 statistics, Christians are the world’s largest religious group by a significant margin, accounting for 2.3 billion members or 31.2 percent of the world’s total population of 7.3 billion people.
- People who practice folk or traditional religions are the next group to be considered; they account for 400 million people, or 6 percent of the world’s population.
- There are 14 million Jews in the globe, accounting for 0.2 percent of the world’s population and primarily residing in the United States and Israel.
- However, the third most important category is absent from the preceding list.
- The fact that some individuals – maybe the majority – have a strong feeling of spirituality or believe in God, gods, or guiding forces does not necessarily imply that they are members of an organized religion or practice it themselves.
- Christians can belong to a variety of faiths, including the Roman Catholic Church (which has almost 1.3 billion followers), Protestants, Eastern Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Anglican, and many other sub-denominations.
- Hinduism is divided into four major schools of thought: Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism.
- Jews can be classified as Orthodox (or ultra-Orthodox), Conservative, Reform, or members of minor religious groupings, among other things.
- Asia-Pacific is the most populous and religiously diverse area on the planet, and it also happens to be the most religious.
- In addition, the area is home to 76 percent of the world’s religiously unaffiliated population, with 700 million of them being Chinese.
- For example, Hindus constitute 97 percent of the population in three Hindu-majority countries: India, Mauritius, and Nepal, whereas Christians constitute 87 percent of the population in 157 Christian-majority nations.
- Seven out of ten religiously unaffiliated people reside in nations where they are the majority, such as China, the Czech Republic, and North Korea, according to the Pew Research Center.
Bhutan, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand are the seven nations where Buddhists constitute the majority of the population: Bhutan, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.
Which religions are growing, and where?
Religious belief is on the decline in Western Europe and North America, whereas it is on the rise in every other region. The average age of the world’s population is 28 years old. Muslims (23) and Hindus (23) are the only religions with a median age that is younger than that (26). Other major religions have a younger median age: Christians are 30 years old, Buddhists are 34 years old, and Jews are 36 years old. The religiously unaffiliated rank 34th out of a possible 100. Islam is the world’s fastest-growing religion, rising at a rate that is more than twice as fast as the world’s general population.
- Christianity would surpass the overall population throughout that period, with a predicted increase of 34 percent, primarily due to population expansion in sub-Saharan Africa, although it is expected to lose its top position in the world religion league table to Islam by the mid-century.
- Three percent will be added to the religiously unaffiliated population.
- And it is predicted that Buddhists would witness a 7 percent decrease in their numbers.
- Muslim women have an average of 2.9 children, which is much higher than the average for all non-Muslim women, who has 2.2 children.
- Christians have been responsible for a disproportionately big amount of the world’s fatalities in recent years (37 percent ).
- However, 23 percent of American Muslims claim to have converted to the faith, and there has been increasing anecdotal evidence of Muslim immigrants converting to Christianity in Europe in recent years, according to the Pew Research Center.
- The number of Chinese Protestants has increased by an average of 10 percent each year since 1979, reaching between 93 and 115 million people, according to one estimate of the population.
- Christianity, on the other hand, is on the decrease in Western Europe.
- The proportion of people who have no religious connection has climbed to 9.8 percent, representing a 71.8 percent increase in five years.
Among those under the age of 44, seven out of ten claimed they were non-religious; the only age group in which the majority are religiously linked is those over the age of 65.
What about theocratic states?
The Islamic Republic of Iran is perhaps the first country that comes to mind when thinking of nuclear weapons. Until the 1979 revolution, the country was controlled by the Shah, who was also known as the Monarch of Iran. The Supreme Leader of the new state, however, was the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who established an Islamic-inspired political system and chose the leaders of the judiciary, military and mass media to run the country. In 1989, he was succeeded by Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who is still in power today.
- There are only two nations in the world that reserve seats in their legislature for religious clerics, and Iran is one of those countries (the other is the UK).
- Islam is recognized as the official state religion in twenty-seven nations.
- Religious education resource box Christianity or a certain Christian denomination has been designated as the official state religion in thirteen nations (including nine in Europe).
- By tradition, twenty-one bishops are entitled to sit in the House of Lords.
- The government, on the other hand, is secular.
What religions are oldest and are there any new ones?
Hinduism is often believed to be the world’s oldest religion, with origins dating back to around 7,000 BCE. Judaism is the second-oldest religion, going back to around 2,000 BCE. It is followed by Zoroastrianism, which was formally created in Persia in the 6th century BCE, but whose origins are believed to date back to approximately 1,500 BCE. Around 500-700 BCE, the religions of Shinto, Buddhism, Jainism, Confucianism, and Taoism come together. Then came Christianity, which was followed around 600 years later by Islam.
The Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster or Pastafarianism (which is recognized by the New Zealand government, but not by the Dutch government) and Terasem, a transreligious movement that believes death is optional and God is technological, are examples of new religious movements that emerge from time to time.
More than 390,000 persons (0.7 percent of the population) identified themselves as Jedi Knights in the 2001 census, making it the most popular alternative religion in the country over the previous two decades.
By 2011, the number of persons who claimed to be Jedi Knights had declined significantly, but there were still 176,632 people who informed the government they were.
Does religion have an impact on the world?
Of course, there are significant ramifications for religious belief and practice in general. Beginning with the ancient world and continuing until the present day, innumerable wars and conflicts have had an overt or covert religious dimension. For example, Islamic extremists have waged war in the Middle East, there has been a power struggle between Sunni and Shia Muslims across the region, the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria, and violent clashes between Christians and Muslims in the Central African Republic, to name a few examples from the past several years.
Then there’s the issue of political ramifications.
Argentina’s legislators have decided against legalizing abortion in the country, despite pressure from Catholic bishops and the Vatican.
However, it is not all terrible news.
Take, for example, the engagement of churches, mosques, and synagogues in food banks and refugee-assistance initiatives, the sanctuary church movement in the United States, and the incredible sums donated by Islamic organizations for relief work in some of the world’s most destitute locations.
What happens next?
More discrimination and persecution. Followers of the world’s main religions have reported an increase in antagonism and, in some cases, violence. Christians have been forced out of the Middle East in significant numbers, prompting some to label it a new genocide. Meanwhileantisemitismand Islamophobia is on the rise throughout Europe. One of the most significant changes to occur in the religious landscape in the next several years will almost certainly be the death (or, more likely, retirement) of Pope Francis, who is 81 years old and suffering from a number of health problems.
Continuation of Reading Richard Holloway’s A Brief History of Religion provides a brief history of religion.
Hugh Kennedy’s novel The Caliphate The God Delusion is a book written by Richard Dawkins. “God is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything,” a book written by Christopher Hitchens, is available now. The Bible is a collection of writings that are arranged in a chronological order. The Holy Qur’an
5 Main World Religions and Their Basic Beliefs
Despite the fact that there are hundreds of other faiths in the globe, the five oldest religions are often referred to as the world’s major religious traditions. Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism are among the religions represented. Learn some fundamental facts about these religions, as well as an overview of their key beliefs and practices. There are five major global religions.
Population Percentages By Religion
There are five major faiths, and adherents of each of these religions constitute a considerable majority of the world’s population. The religions that are believed to be the “big five” global religions are those that are the oldest, although they are not always those with the greatest number of adherents. They are often regarded as the most well recognized and prominent faiths on the planet. Approximately three-quarters of the world’s population adheres to one of the world’s five major religious traditions.
|no religious affiliation||16.3%|
Christianity is the most popular religion in the world, with more than 2 billion adherents in more than 200 countries. Although the United States has the world’s biggest Christian population, Christianity is also widely practiced in a number of other countries, including Canada, Mexico, the Philippines, many African countries, several European countries, and a number of Caribbean islands, among others. There are many different varieties of Christianity, including Catholicism and other protestant denominations, each of which differs in many ways while staying essentially the same in terms of basic beliefs and practices.
- As a monotheistic religion, Christianity holds the belief that there is only one real God, as defined by the Church of England. The worship of God is a significant part of Christian belief. Believers in the Holy Trinity, which is symbolized by the divinity of the Father (God), the Son (Jesus), and the Holy Spirit
- The Old Testament and the New Testament, which are combined to form the Holy Bible, serve as the foundation for Christian doctrines. In the Christian Bible, there are various versions available, and not all denominations use the same version. Believers in Jesus Christ believe that he is the son of God, who was sent to earth in human form to redeem mankind from their sins. The concept that Jesus died as a result of being crucified on a cross, resulting in the redemption of mankind’s sins, is a fundamental theme of this religion. Three days after his death, Jesus resurrected from the grave and ascended into heaven, rejoining his Father in glory. Believers in Jesus Christ believe that he will return to Earth and take Christian believers back to heaven with him at the conclusion of his reign. According to Christian theology, the Ten Commandments are extremely essential.
According to estimates, Islam is the second most popular religion in the world, with over 1.8 billion adherents. Muslim is a word used to refer to persons who adhere to the Islamic religion. Historically, this religion is said to have originated in what is now Saudi Arabia in the 7th century BCE. While Muslims may be found in a variety of nations across the world, they constitute the majority of the population in a few of countries. There are seven nations in which Muslims constitute more than 90 percent of the population (Algeria, Bangladesh, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Pakistan).
The following are some important facts regarding Islam:
- Monotheism characterizes the Islamic faith, which regards Allah as the one and only real God. Mosques are Islamic places of worship that are dedicated to Allah. Those who adhere to Islam make a commitment to live their lives in conformity to Allah’s will
- Muslim belief is that Muhammad is Allah’s ultimate messenger, who has continued to receive messages from Allah for the purpose of sharing them with his followers. Muhammad’s death resulted in the ascension of other leaders to take his place under a system known as thecaliphate, with the individual leaders known as ascaliphs. Within Islam, there are two primary sects: the Sunnis and the Shiites. Sunnis are the vast majority of Muslims (90 percent). Every day, Muslims pray at five distinct times during the day, each time following an unique prayer procedure. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims are required to fast
- However, this is not mandatory. The completion of a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca is expected of all Muslims at least once in their lifetimes. Many Muslim women cover their hair with an ahijab, while some choose to wear an aniquaborburka, which conceals more of their physical appearance. The Quran is considered to be the sacred scripture of Islam.
Hinduism originated in India approximately 2300 B.C. and is still widely practiced on the subcontinent today. As of 2018, over 94 percent of persons who practice the Hindu religion reside in India. Although it is the third most popular religion in the world, it has less adherents than either Christianity or Islam. As is true of all faiths, there are several sects of Hinduism, each with its own set of practices that differ from the others. Hinduism’s fundamental beliefs are as follows:
- Hinduism claims that God’s presence may be felt across the entire universe. God is known by numerous names and reveals himself in an endless number of ways in Hinduism. Brahman is the universally acknowledged ultimate god (God) who is responsible for the creation of everything in the world. Brahaman has no gender and is all-knowing and all-present
- He is the creator of the universe. In addition to these fundamental Hindu deities (gods), Shiva and Vishnu are also important. There are several additional deities (referred to as devis), demi-gods (referred to as devas), and goddesses, with substantial variances across different sects. Each individual possesses the divine essence (also known as the atman)
- Hindus believe in reincarnation, and that they go through a perpetual cycle of birth, life, and death on their journey to enlightenment. In the next incarnation, the karma of a person, which refers to the net of all of their good and bad acts in the previous life, decides what level they will be reincarnated into. Hinduism does not have a single sacred book, but rather a collection of sacred works that include the Vedas, the Samhitas, the Upanishads, the Ramayana, and the Bhagavad Gita. The practice of yoga is an essential component of Hinduism. Cows are considered sacrosanct in the Hindu religion, and consuming meat is strictly forbidden.
In the fifth century B.C., Siddhartha Gautama, also known as the Buddha, established Buddhism in what is now known as India. After giving up an expensive life of excess, the man who would become known as the Buddha attained enlightenment by renouncing his rank and fortune in order to live a modest life as a monk. He was the first person to achieve enlightenment. His attempts to educate others how to do the same resulted in the establishment of the Buddhist religion. Buddhists are concentrated throughout the eastern and southeastern parts of Asia, where they constitute the great majority of the population.
Within Buddhism, there are many different traditions, each with its own set of practices. Even if theism is present in various Buddhist traditions, it is not considered fundamental to Buddhism itself. Buddhism’s fundamental beliefs include the following:
- Buddhism is primarily concerned with the pursuit of enlightenment
- The Buddha is not revered as a god in this regard. He was a man, and the Buddhist community recognizes him as such
- Buddhism is founded on a set of three universal truths and four noble principles, which serve as the cornerstone of the religion. Buddhists, in accordance with the principles and truths of philosophy, pursue a path of moral living, thinking, and action, as well as the pursuit of wisdom. Each of the five precepts of Buddhism is required to be followed by those who practice it. Buddhism’s commandments state that Buddhists must abstain from acts such as murdering, stealing, deceiving, abusing sex, and consuming drugs or alcohol. When it comes to Buddhism, karma is significant since it emphasizes the importance of each individual’s duty and accountability for their own deeds. Among Buddhists, the concept of reincarnation and rebirth is held dear. In the Buddhist faith, being reincarnated refers to returning as oneself several times, whereas rebirth refers to returning as a completely distinct being. It is important to note that the Buddhist faith comprises a number of sacred books, which are presented as scriptures and texts, and which convey the Buddha’s philosophy and teachings.
Judaism is the smallest of the world’s major faiths, ranking fifth overall. The Jewish population in the globe is believed to be roughly 14 million individuals, according to current estimates. About 41 percent of the Jewish population lives in Israel, and another 41 percent lives in the United States, with the vast majority of the remaining population located in Europe and other parts of North America, according to the Jewish Agency for Israel. In Judaism, there are many different denominations, such as the orthodox, the conservative, and the reform.
- Judaism is a monotheistic faith, which means that its adherents believe in and worship just one God, the One True God. It is truly the world’s earliest monotheistic religion
- The teachings of Judaism are heavily influenced by the Ten Commandments
- And it is the world’s oldest monotheistic religion. Justice and righteousness are important to the teachings of Judaism even beyond the boundaries of God’s law as expressed in the Ten Commandments. A special position in the hearts and minds of the Jewish people is occupied by Israel, both because of its historical significance in regard to their religion and because it is designated as “the promised land” in the Bible. The Hebrew Bible, also known as the Tanakh, is the major sacred scripture of the Jewish faith and is considered to be the word of God. It contains the same books as the Old Testament of the Christian bible, albeit they are presented in a different sequence from that of the Old Testament. The Torah is comprised of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible
- The Talmud is also considered a sacred scripture in Judaism. In it, you’ll find a comprehensive collection of Jewish laws as well as numerous teachings peculiar to the faith. Synagogue is the term used to refer to Jewish places of worship. A Bar Mitzvah (boys) or Bat Mitzvah (girls) ceremony is held to mark the passage of a child into adulthood in terms of their religious obligations to their faith.
15 Most Widely Practiced Religions
As previously said, the five oldest religions are widely regarded to be the five major global religions, although they are by no means the only ones. Some of the more recent religions are among the most popular faiths, which are defined as those that are most extensively practiced around the world.
- The following religions are represented in the world: Christianity (2.1 billion), Islam (1.3 billion), Hinduism (900 million), Chinese traditional religion (394 million), Buddhism 376 million, Primal-indigenous religion (300 million), African traditional and Diasporic religion (100 million), Sikhism (23 million), Juche (19 million), Spiritism (15 million), Judaism (14 million), Bahai (7.2 million), Jainism (4.2 million), Shinto (4 million), Cao Dai (4
Learn More About World Religions
These faiths are among the oldest and most commonly practiced in the world, and as a result, they might be considered to represent the top five religions in the world, according to some. There are numerous different traditions within each religion, as well as many other religions. If you want to learn more about various religions, theUnited Religions Initiative(URI) is an excellent resource. With some fundamental knowledge of five of the most important religious traditions in the world, it’s time to go deeper into the subject of religion in more depth.