Who Are The Followers Of Islam? (Correct answer)

Followers of Islam are called Muslims. Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God, who in Arabic is known as Allah. Followers of Islam aim to live a life of complete submission to Allah. They believe that nothing can happen without Allah’s permission, but humans have free will.

Contents

Who were the first followers of Islam?

The first converts to Islam at the time of Muhammad were:

  • Khadija bint Khuwaylid – First person to convert and first free female convert.
  • Ali ibn Abi Talib – First free male child in Muhammad’s family to convert.
  • Zayd ibn Harithah – First freed slave male convert.

How many followers does Islam?

It is the world’s second-largest religion behind Christianity, with 1.9 billion followers or 24.9% of the world’s population, known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 49 countries.

Who wrote the Quran?

The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.

Who is Allah in the Bible?

Allah, Arabic Allāh ( “God” ), the one and only God in Islam. Etymologically, the name Allah is probably a contraction of the Arabic al-Ilāh, “the God.” The name’s origin can be traced to the earliest Semitic writings in which the word for god was il, el, or eloah, the latter two used in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament).

Who is the most powerful Islamic country?

Top 10 Countries with the Most Muslims – 2021:

  • Indonesia – 231,000,000.
  • Pakistan – 212,300,000.
  • India – 200,000,000.
  • Bangladesh – 153,700,000.
  • Nigeria – 95,000,000–103,000,000.
  • Egypt – 85,000,000–90,000,000.
  • Iran – 82,500,000.
  • Turkey – 74,432,725.

How many types of Muslims are there?

Though the two main sects within Islam, Sunni and Shia, agree on most of the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam, a bitter split between the two goes back some 14 centuries. The divide originated with a dispute over who should succeed the Prophet Muhammad as leader of the Islamic faith he introduced.

Which is older Quran or Bible?

The Bible is older than the Quran. The Quran was written by Muhammad in the 500 ADs. The Bible consists of books written centuries before. All of them were compiled into the Bible at a later time but the books themselves existed before the Quran.

How old is Quran?

The history of the Quran dates back to around 610 AD when words of the Quran were first revealed to the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. According to Islamic traditions, Muhammad continued to have revelations until he died around 632 AD.

Where is Allah located?

Given that Allah is just another name of Jewish God (Yahweh), Allah resides in the third heaven mentioned in the Bible. Note that this heaven is outside the creation of God.

Who accepted Islam first in India?

Numerous Indians living in the coastal areas of Kerala accepted the principles of the new religion and converted to Islam. The Brahmin King Cheraman Perumal was the first Indian to convert to Islam based on a historical event. The event was that a group of Prophet Muhammad’s Sahaba visited Kodungallur.

Who built the Kaaba?

Some say that it was built by the angels. Others say the father of humankind, Adam built the Kaba but over many centuries it fell into disrepair and was lost in the mists of time, to be rebuilt by Prophet Abraham and his son Ishmael. All agree that the Kaba was either built or rebuilt by Prophet Abraham.

Who started Islam?

The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.

Islam

Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century CE propagated Islam, which is a prominent international religion. The Arabic termislam, which literally translates as “submission,” illustrates the essential theological notion of Islam: that the believer (also known as a Muslim, from the active component ofislam) accepts surrender to the will ofAllah (in Arabic, Allah is translated as “God”). According to Islam, Allah is the one God, who is the creator, sustainer, and restorer of the universe.

In Islam, Muhammad is regarded as the final prophet in a line of prophets that includes Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Solomon, and Jesus, and his teaching both summarizes and completes the “revelations” credited to preceding prophets, according to Islamic tradition.

By the beginning of the twenty-first century, there were more than 1.5 billion Muslims in the globe.

Britannica QuizIslam What is your level of knowledge about the Prophet Muhammad?

With this quiz, you may see how well you know about Islam.

The history of the numerous peoples who have adopted Islam is also discussed in the article Islamic world.

The foundations of Islam

When Islam was first introduced to the world, Muhammad instilled in his followers an understanding of brotherhood as well as a shared commitment to their faith. These qualities contributed to the development among his followers of a strong sense of closeness that was heightened by their experiences of persecution as a fledgling community in Mecca. It was only through a deep devotion to the teachings of the Qur’anic revelation and the evident socioeconomic substance of Islamic religious activities that this bond of faith could be strengthened.

The religion of Islam developed its distinctive ethos during this early period, as a religion that encompassed both the spiritual and temporal aspects of life, and that sought to regulate not only the individual’s relationship with God (through conscience), but also human relationships in a social setting.

Select Muslim intellectuals did not differentiate between the religious (private) and the secular (public) until the twentieth century, and only in some countries, such as Turkey, was the distinction formalized.

This dual religious and social character of Islam, which manifests itself in one way as a religious community commissioned by God to bring its own value system to the world through theji After the Prophet’s death in 632ce, they had placed a huge portion of the world under the control of a new ArabMuslim empire, stretching from Spain to Central Asia and India.

  1. Islam’s fundamental equality within the community of the faithful, as well as its explicit discrimination against adherents of other religions, attracted a large number of recruits quickly.
  2. They were, however, obligated to pay a per capita tax known as jizyah, as contrast to pagans, who were forced to either adopt Islam or die as a result of their refusal.
  3. During the period after the 12th century, the Sufis (Muslim mystics) were largely responsible for the spread of Islam in India, Central Asia, Turkey, and sub-Saharan Africa, as well as other parts of the world (see below).
  4. Islam was brought to Indonesia in the 14th century, but it had little time to establish a political foothold in the country before the region fell under the control of the Dutch.
  5. All elements of Muslim society, on the other hand, are united by a shared religious belief and a sense of belonging to a single community of believers.

In the mid-20th century, the religion of Islam aided many Muslim peoples across their quest for political independence, and the oneness of Islam led to subsequent political solidarity in the world.

Sources of Islamic doctrinal and social views

In Islamic theology, law, and thinking in general, four sources, or essential principles (ul), are relied upon: (1) the Qur’an, (2) the Sunnah (or “Traditions”), (3) the Ijma (or “consensus”), and (4) the Ijtihd (or “individual thought”). Known as the Qur’an (literally, “reading” or “recitation”), it is said to be the verbatimword, or speech, of God, as given to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel. It is the most important source of Islamic doctrine since it is divided into 114 suras (chapters) of varying length.

  1. The suras revealed at Medina at a later stage in the Prophet’s life are primarily concerned with social law and the political-moral principles that should guide the formation and organization of the community.
  2. Photograph by Orhan Am/Fotolia Pre-Islamic Arabs used the term sunnah (which means “a well-trodden road”) to refer to their tribe or common law systems.
  3. Six of these compilations, which were collected in the 3rd centuryah (9th centuryce), came to be considered as particularly authoritative by the Sunnis, who constitute the majority of Islam’s population.
  4. To unify legal theory and practice, as well as to remove individual and regional variations of opinion, the doctrine ofijm, also known as orconsensus, was established in the 2nd centuryah (eighth centuryce).
  5. The concept of Ahijm has existed since the 3rd century and has come to represent a principle of stability in thought; topics on which consensus had been established in practice were deemed closed, and any further meaningful questioning of them was forbidden.

Finding the legal or doctrinal answer to a new situation necessitated the use of the word ijtihd, which means “to endeavor” or “to exert effort.” During the early period of Islamic history, becauseijtihd took the form of individual opinion (ray), there was an abundance of contradictory and chaotic viewpoints to choose from.

While the “gate ofijtihd” in Sunni Islam was effectively closed by the turning of Ijm into a conservative mechanism and the adoption of a final collection of Hadith, the “gate ofijtihd” remained open in Shi’ism.

The Qur’an and Hadith are studied in further detail below. It will be addressed below in the frameworks of Islamictheology, philosophy, and law what the importance of Ijm and Ijtih is.

Islam Fast Facts

(CNN) Take a look at Islam for a moment. Islam is translated as “submission” or “surrender” in several languages. Surrender to Allah’s will – Allah is the Arabic word meaning God.

Beliefs/Practices

Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian religions to some extent. Although it preaches a monotheistic message (belief that there is only one God), it adheres to many of the same ideas as Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam, known as Muslims, believe in a single God named Allah and acknowledge Muhammad as his prophet. They also think that Adam, from the Old Testament of the Bible, was the first prophet. Abraham, Moses, Noah, David, and Jesus are some of the other prophets that lived throughout this time period.

  • – The Salat, also known as the Salah, is a daily religious ceremonial prayer performed five times a day.
  • In the month of Ramadan, a Sawm is a fast that is observed.
  • The pilgrimage begins on the seventh or eighth day of the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar and concludes on the 12th day of the same month, depending on when you start.
  • For Muslims, it is the holiest spot in the planet.
  • Muslims believe that the Quran contains divine words or revelations that serve as the foundation of their faith.
  • The Quran contains a total of 114 chapters.
  • A Jihad, according to Islamic traditions, is a fight that is waged while adhering to God’s mandates on a personal level as well as on a communal one.

Muslim Denominations

Sunni Islam is the biggest branch of Islam and is also the most populous. They acknowledge that Muhammad’s first four caliphs (leaders) are the genuine heirs to Muhammad’s position. Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab founded the Wahabi sect in Saudi Arabia, which is made of members of the Tameem tribe who adhere to the stringent orthodox teachings of Sheikh Mohamed bin Abdulawahab. The Shiite (or Shia) sect of Islam, the second-largest branch of Islam, believes that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the genuine heirs to Muhammad, and rejects the first three caliphs as unfit for office.

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Furthermore, they observe a number of Christian and Zoroastrian holidays in addition to Islamic holidays.

They were well-known for their uncompromising opinions on the Quran’s adherence as well as for their extremist fundamentalist views.

The Nation of Islam is a predominantly African-American religious organization that was formed in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1930s. It is a Sunni sect, as the name suggests. Other Sunni and Shiite sects exist in African and Arab countries, as well as in other parts of the world.

Sharia Law

In its original meaning, Sharia is an Arabic term that translates as “the route leading to the fountain of water.” The Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions serve as sources for this work. Religious belief, religious observance, ethics, and politics are all part of a larger system of morality that encompasses both religious and non-religious parts of life. Many Muslim countries base their laws on Sharia law, which is a kind of Islamic law. Differences between Islamic law and Western legal systems include that the scope of Sharia law is far greater and that the Islamic notion of law is derived from the expression of divine will.

Other Facts

Pew Research Center estimates that there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the globe in 2015, according to their research. As predicted by the United Nations, this number will rise to 2.9 billion by 2060. Indonesia has the biggest proportion of adherents to the Islamic faith, accounting for 12.6% of the population. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are all countries with significant Muslim populations.

Timeline

Muhammad is born in Mecca, Arabia, in the year 570 AD (now Saudi Arabia). 610 AD – Muhammad has a visit from the Angel Gabriel, who informs him that “you are the messenger of God.” A 22-year period culminates in Muhammad’s death in Mecca and Medina, after which he distributes the lessons given to him throughout the world. Muhammad passes away in 632 AD. Muslims are separated into two factions, the Shiite and the Sunni, in 645 AD, due to a disagreement about the future leadership of the religion.

657 AD – The Shiite Muslims are further divided as a part of its adherents secede and form a third faction known as the Kharijites.

BBC – Religions – Islam: Islam at a glance

a quick introduction to Islam, a religion centered on God and presented to the world via the Prophet Muhammad

Islam at a glance

Islam literally translates as’submission to the will of God.’ Islam is the second most popular religion in the world, with more than 1 billion adherents, after Christianity. According to the 2001 census, there were 1,591,000 Muslims in the United Kingdom, accounting for around 2.7 percent of the population.

  • Approximately 1400 years ago, in Mecca, Arabia, Muslims believe the religion of Islam was revealed. Muslims are individuals who adhere to Islam. Those who adhere to Islam believe that there is only one God. Allah is the Arabic term for God
  • He is also known as Allahah. God, according to Muslim belief, sent a number of prophets into the world to educate humans how to live in accordance with His rules. The prophets of God, such as Jesus, Moses, and Abraham, are revered. It is their belief that Muhammad was the last Prophet. Muslims believe that Islam has existed since the beginning of time, but for practical purposes, they date their faith from the time of Muhammad’s journey. Islamic law is based on the teachings of their sacred book, the Qur’an, as well as the Sunnah. Muslims believe that the Sunnah is a practical manifestation of Prophet Muhammad’s teachings, and that Islam is founded on five fundamental principles: There are five pillars of Islam: thedeclaration of faith, five times a day prayer (at least), charitable giving, fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca (at least once).

The Major Branches Of Islam

In Sudan, a Sufi Ritual is performed. Sufis are classified as belonging to a mystical Islamic dimension. The Islam religion has more than 2 billion adherents all across the world. The religion itself has been around for about 1,300 years. Practicing Muslims believe that Islam started around 610 CE, when the final prophet, Muhammad, began receiving revelations from God, according to the Quran and other sources. These revelations were written down in the Qur’an by followers of the faith. Islam, like all other global faiths, is divided into various major branches: Sunni, Shi’a, Ibadi, Ahmadiyya, and Sufism, to name a few examples.

People began to debate on who should be the religion’s successor following Muhammad’s death, which resulted in the development of these branches. Despite their differences, the main denominations all hold some fundamental ideas in common, such as monotheism, sacred scriptures, and so on.

The Major Denominations Of Islam

Approximately 89-90 percent of all Muslims belong to the Sunni branch of Islam, which is by far the largest of the religion’s denominations. In the Middle East, they are found in vast numbers throughout the region, with the highest populations in Saudi Arabia and Egypt. After several years and much argument, Sunni followers came to the conclusion that Muhammad had not designated a specific successor. Abu Bakr Siddique was chosen by his followers after a long period of time and much disagreement This guy was one of Muhammad’s in-laws as well as a close companion of the Prophet.

Islam’s Sunnis believe that the Qur’an applies to all aspects of life and that individuals can approach God personally, with the expectation that he would appear to them on the Day of Judgement.

Shi’a

They believe that Muhammad did pick a successor, Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was also his son-in-law, and that he was chosen by Allah. Shi’a believers also have Imams, who are more central characters and community leaders than other religious leaders since they are the ideal incarnation of God on the earth. More than anything else, this branch is concerned with the individual’s relationship with God, as opposed to the cleric’s interpretation of the Qur’an. Humans will not see God on Judgement Day, according to the Shi’a, in contrast to the Sunni faith.

The vast majority, on the other hand, appears to be concentrated in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, and Azerbaijan.

Ibadi

Ibadi Islam is a branch of Islam that is less well-known. This sect predates both Sunni and Shi’a Islam and is believed to be a highly orthodox branch of the religion. They have the same belief as the Shi’a, which is that God will not appear on the Day of Judgment. In contrast to Sunni and Shi’a beliefs, the Ibadi believe that the Muslim community may rule itself without the need for a single leader to guide it. Ibadi also varies in that they do not believe that the Muslim monarch must be a descendent of Muhammad’s tribe, the Quraysh, as does the majority of the Muslim population.

Ahmadiyya

This denomination was created more recently than the preceding one. Those who follow the Ahmadiyya religion do not believe Muhammad to be the last prophet. Its origins may be traced back to the teachings of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835-1908), who served as their prophet. His adherents think he was divinely anointed to be the re-inventor of Islamic civilization. They have beliefs that are identical to those of Sunni Muslims, and they likewise consider the Qur’an as their sacred book. Indonesia, South Asia, and West and East Africa have the highest concentrations of Ahmadiyya Muslims, followed by India.

Sufism

In accordance with Shi’a belief, the bulk of Sufis follow the Islamic path as given by Ali, Muhammad’s successor. Sufism is an Islamic concept that emphasizes on cleansing of the inner-self, despite the fact that it is not formally a sect of Islam. Sufis believe that humans can have a spiritual encounter with God through intuitive and emotional powers that they have developed through years of rigorous study.

This experience does not have to take place in Paradise; rather, it can be had in the real world. Sufism is regarded to be centered in Turkey and Persia, yet it has spread to other countries such as Greece, Albania, and Macedonia, among others.

Strength Of Beliefs

Although not a complete list of the various branches of Islam, the denominations listed above are among the most well-known of them. Islam is a centuries-old religion that is also one of the largest in the world, with a complex set of beliefs and customs. Islamists believe that the objective of human life is to live and thank God in order to one day win admittance into Paradise, regardless of which sect they belong to.

Major Branches Of Islam – Similarities And Differences

Rank Major Branches Of Islam Estimated Global Adherents
1 Sunni 1.39 billion
2 Shi’a 200 million
3 Ahmadiyya 15 million
4 Ibadi 3 million
5 Sufism Widely Disputed

Islam: Basic Beliefs

Islam is a monotheistic religion that is based on the belief in a single God (Allah). According to this view, it has certain beliefs in common with those of Judaism and Christianity in that it traces its origins back to the patriarch Abraham, and ultimately to the first prophet Adam. Throughout history, prophets have taught the same universal message of faith in a single God and charity toward one another. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the lineage of prophets that began with Adam and ended with Moses.

  • He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a trader.
  • The people were worshipping a plethora of gods and had lost sight of the prophet Abraham’s warning that they should only serve one God.
  • It was during one of these occurrences, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, that he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril (Gabriel).
  • In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah, rather than gratifying themselves.
  • Muslims constitute 1.2 billion people worldwide, with 7 million living in the United States.
  • Indonesia and India have the greatest Muslim populations of any of the countries in the world.
  • Despite the fact that they hold similar fundamental principles, they disagree on who should be the legitimate head of Islam following Muhammad’s death.
  • “Allah” is just the Arabic word for God, and it means “God.” He is the same God who is adored by people of all religions and who is the same global God.

In certain circles, the name “Allah” is favoured over the word “God” since it is neither masculine nor feminine. Furthermore, “Allah” does not have a plural form. Muslims have six fundamental beliefs:

  • Religions based on belief in one God (Allah)
  • Belief in angels
  • Belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
  • Belief in all of God’s prophets sent to mankind, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Although Muslims believe in Isa or Jesus, they do not see Jesus as the Son of God in the same sense that Christians do. Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment and life after death, but Christians do not. The highest reward for doing good things is growing in one’s relationship with God
  • Faith in the decree of God. Therefore, God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission
  • But, he has granted human people the ability to choose whether they will be good or evil. At the conclusion of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and decisions.

These are practical guidelines for putting Muslim principles into practice on a daily basis, including:

  • Declaring one’s confidence in Allah and Muhammad as His prophet or message (shahadah) is a way of bearing testimony or testifying that there is only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is His prophet or messenger. Salat (ritual prayer)—the five daily prayers are conducted at various times throughout the day, including sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. The prayers are offered in the Arabic language and with the direction of Mecca as their focus. Giving 2.5 percent of one’s wealth to the poor and needy is known as zakah (alms tax) in Islam. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, known as Ramadan, is marked by fasting during daylight hours by Muslims across the world. The goal is to remind individuals of the goodness of what they have and to demonstrate equality with those who are less fortunate than they are. In Islam, the month of Ramadan is a time for study and self-discipline. Performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) in Mecca to the Ka’bah is considered obligatory for Muslims at least once throughout their lives. Several scholars think that Ibrahim (Abraham) and one of his sons were responsible for the construction of the Ka’bah. Muhammad restored it as a place of devotion for Allah. As a result, Muslims consider it to be a particularly sacred location.
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Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.

Every day, they read a portion of it.

The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran.

Muhammad and the Faith of Islam [ushistory.org]

University of Southern California’s Muslim Students Association provided the image. In this passage from the Qur’an, which was originally written in Arabic, “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah” is translated. According to the Qur’an (48:29), A religious vision was revealed to a guy who was meditating alone in a cave near Mecca. This vision set the groundwork for the establishment of a new religion. Muhammad was born in the year 610, and he was a man of many names. Islamic thought evolved from Muhammad’s thoughts, and the belief system that resulted from these concepts is now the foundation for Islam, which is one of the most commonly practiced religions in the world.

  • Both of Muhammad’s parents died when he was six years old, and he was raised by his grandpa and uncle after that.
  • A Bedouin family welcomed him into their home throughout his boyhood, as per the customs of rich families.
  • Muhammad’s encounters with these persons are highly likely to have had a significant impact on the formation of Islamic thought.
  • Over the following 20 years, he rose from obscurity to become a wealthy and well-respected trader who traveled across the Arab world.
  • By the time he was 40 years old, he began receiving religious visions that would forever alter the course of his life.

A Revelation of Faith

University of Southern California’s Muslim Students Association provided this image. “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah,” says this passage from the Qur’an, which was originally written in Arabic. Ayah 48:29 of the Qur’an states that A religious vision was experienced by a guy who was meditating alone in a cave near Mecca. In this vision were set the groundwork for the establishment of a new religion. Muhammad was the guy in question, and the year was 610. Islamic thought evolved from Muhammad’s thoughts, and the belief system that resulted from those concepts is now the foundation for Islam, which is one of the most commonly practiced religions in the world.

  • Muhammad was raised by his grandpa and uncle after both of his parents died when he was six years old.
  • Following in the footsteps of rich families, he spent a portion of his boyhood with a Bedouin family in Jordan.
  • Almost certainly, Muhammad’s encounters with these people had a significant impact on the growth of Islam.
  • Through his travels around the Middle East over the following 20 years, he rose to the status of a wealthy and recognized trader.

All he and his wife had six children, two males (both of whom died before reaching adulthood), and four daughters. After reaching the age of 40, he began seeing religious visions that would profoundly influence his future. In Medina, you may see the mosque of Prophet Muhammad.

  • There is just one worldwide God, and his name is Allah. Muslims are obliged to pray five times a day with their backs to Mecca, according to Islamic tradition. All Muslims are required to pay an annual tax, which is mostly used to assist the poor and needy. Muslims are prohibited from eating, smoking, drinking, or engaging in sexual intercourse from sunrise to sunset during the whole month of Ramadan. All capable Muslims are required to do the Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca) at least once in their lives.

The Kaaba

The Kaaba, Islam’s holiest location, is located in Mecca and is believed to have been erected by Abraham and his son Ishmael for the worship of Yahweh. Islam grew at a breakneck pace, engulfing most of what was formerly the ancient Near East, North Africa, and Spain, and eventually enveloping the whole world. The impoverished and slaves, in particular, responded favorably to Muhammad’s message. However, his message was met with strong opposition from many quarters. As a result of the pushback, he appeared to become even more determined.

From Mecca to Medina and Back

Muhammad escaped to the town of Medina in 622 because he was afraid for his life. The Hegira, which is Arabic for “flight,” was the name given to this voyage from Mecca to Medina. This year marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. When Muhammad and his entourage arrived in Medina, the locals greeted them warmly. Muhammad established the first mosque, also known as the Islamic temple, at Mecca and began the process of separating Islam from the religions of Judaism and Christianity, which had first inspired him.

Allah’s revelations to Muhammad lasted throughout his life.

During his time in Mecca, Muhammad was involved in a number of fights with the locals.

Before his death two years later, he had forced the conversion of the majority of the Arabian Peninsula to his new faith and established a tiny kingdom on the peninsula’s southern tip.

Jihad

Many Islamic sects have a belief in jihad, which is a common thread running through them. Despite the fact that the actual meaning of the Arabic word is difficult to convey in English, the word jihad is most appropriately translated as “fight.” For the vast majority of Muslims, jihad is a personal battle against evil. The sacred wars of this spiritual conflict are fought within the minds and hearts of Muslims. Sometimes the fight takes the shape of a physical battle against those who do not believe in God.

  • A small but vocal minority of Muslims, on the other hand, places a high value on holy war jihads.
  • It is this idea of jihad that serves as an inspiration for Islamic extremist terrorist activity.
  • It should be emphasized that mainstream Islam is a peaceful religion that opposes the concept of unjustified violence.
  • The unfortunate thing is that Muhammad had not named a successor.

Despite these difficulties, a huge Islamic empire was established over the course of the following 12 centuries, resulting in a worshiper base that was unsurpassed by any other religion.

What is Islam?

|originally published on December 21, 2014 The Middle East and Europe Office of the Common Global Ministries has developed a short introduction to their work. With so much focus on the Middle East these days, and the assumption that Osama bin Laden is responsible for terrorist strikes against the United States, it’s a good idea to refresh your memory on some fundamental truths about Islamic religion. The Middle East and Europe Office of the Common Global Ministries has developed a short introduction to their work.

  1. Beliefs Judaism and Christianity are considered to be the other two Abrahamic faiths, with Islam being considered to be the third.
  2. Muslim belief is that God is loving and compassionate, and that the faithful will receive temporal peace and equality as well as admittance into a magnificent afterlife if they follow the teachings of the religion.
  3. 570-632 AD).
  4. Muslims believe that there is only one God, and that there are no divisions inside the holy Godhead, which is their most fundamental belief.
  5. Although the Quran recognizes the Hebrew and Christian texts as sacred, it varies from them on a number of points, one of which being the blessing and role bestowed on Ishmael rather than Isaac, according to Islamic tradition.
  6. Following his teachings and his life, Muslims hold the prophet Muhammad in high regard, and they feel that following his example is essential to having a strong faith.
  7. The Hadith, which are compilations of sayings about the Prophet Muhammad that have been handed down through centuries by competent and trustworthy oral historians, disclose the life and teachings of Muhammad as well as the history of early Islam.

However, while most Islamic sects are usually in agreement regarding the Quran, they have significant differences on the validity and interpretation of each other’s Hadith.

Similarly to Christian denominationalism, as Islam expanded through time and culture, as well as over a wide range of geographical locations, many different schools of interpretation and practice arose both inside and outside of these bigger organizations.

The interior experience of God as well as particular acts of spiritual discipline are more important to Sufis than they are to Christian or Jewish mystics, for example.

There are five pillars of Islam that all Muslims are required to adhere to to the best of their abilities.

Both of the following sentences are included in the shahada: “There is no deity but God, and Muhammad is God’s prophet.” Salat, also known as the systematic ritual of prayer and devotion conducted five times a day, is the second pillar of Islam.

Muslims are frequently summoned to prayer by the resounding cry of “God is greater!” emanating from a high minaret.

Zakat is an act of purification, whether it is accomplished by charitable contributions or through the imposition of a religious tax.

Fasting is an universal duty, but it should be performed with particular rigor during the month of Ramadan, from sunup to sunset, and entails abstaining from not only eating and drinking, but also from smoking, sexual activity, and any other sensory desire as well.

Ramadan, which commemorates the month in which Muhammad received the first revelation from God, concludes with a massive feast known as Eid al-Fitr, which translates as “Festival of Fast-Breaking.” The Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, is the last pillar of Islam and marks the culmination of the faith.

  1. During the pilgrimage, all people who participate in the hajj behave in a spiritually equal manner and are treated as such.
  2. Jihad is the struggle of Islamic religion in the direction of truth and justice.
  3. While Muslim leaders may declare jihad in order to rally Muslims against political opponents, much as an American leader could declare a cause to be a “crusade” or label an empire as “evil,” jihad does not inherently imply “Holy War” in the traditional sense.
  4. Because of its spiritual and historical significance, Jerusalem, also known as al-Quds or “the Holy,” is considered the third sacred city of Islam.
  5. In spite of the fact that Islam originated in Arabia, there are Muslim communities in every country from Mexico to the Philippines, with historically considerable numbers in Africa, Southeastern Europe, Central and Southern Asia, and other parts of the Middle East.
  6. Therefore, not all Muslims are Arabè, but a large number are Persian, African, European, and Asian in background.

Many Muslims in North America are descended from recent or second-generation immigrant groups, while at least half of all Muslims in the United States are African-American Muslims who have either converted or’reverted’ over the generations to the orthodox Muslim identity of their African forefathers.

  1. There are around seven million Muslims in the United States, according to estimates.
  2. The contributions of Islamic philosophy and history to Western culture and study have been immeasurable.
  3. The fact that every religion runs the risk of being used by radicals among its adherents should not be underestimated.
  4. Because we, as Christians and Americans who love freedom, must resist the temptation to generalize and blame the other—particularly another religion and all of its adherents—for the conduct of a few in our increasingly diverse society.
  5. In addition, it is necessary to remember that not all Arabs are Muslims.
  6. ** Books on Islam that are recommended Al-Quran, translated by Ahmed Ali.
  7. Princeton University Press published a book in 1984 titled Denny, Frederick Mathewson, and others.

Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1985.

Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform?

John Esposito is a writer who lives in New York City.

Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, and Yvonne Yazbeck The Muslims in the United States of America.

Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, and Wadi Zaidan Haddad are the editors of this volume.

Gainsville, FL: University of Florida Press, 1995.

S.

There are three volumes.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (Seyyed Hossein Nasr).

The Beacon Press published this book in 1972.

E., “Children of Abraham: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam,” in Encyclopedia of Religion, vol.

Annemarie Schimmel has written a book on her life.

The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, published a book in 1975.

African-Americans and Islam: A Comparative Study The Indiana University Press published a book in 1997 titled The Word of Islam is edited by John Alden Williams.

Several Islam-related websites Islam, Islam in America, and Islamic Studies are all topics covered in this course.

You might be interested:  What Does Islam Mean? (Question)

macdonald.hartsem.edu Faith-Based Organizations Currently, research data about religious organizations in the United States is available.

Islaam, an introduction to Islam Studies resources Assnwings.buffalo.edu/sa/muslim/isl/isl.html Islamic Studies resources from the University of Georgia, Prof.

An introduction to Shi’ah Islam in Islam, as well as a history lecture on the subject, may be found on the Harvard University State Department’s Islam in America website.

Links to the Society of North America’s community Students’ Association of the United States and Canada National Muslim Political Organizations may be found at www.msa-natl.org/national Muslim Political Organizations.

The Muslim Council on American-Islamic Relations (MCAIR) is a non-profit organization dedicated to improving relations between Muslims and Americans.

cair-net.org The Public Affairs Council of the Minaret of Freedom Institute is a body that represents the interests of the Institute’s public policy initiatives. Mr. Derek Duncan works as a Program Associate in the Middle East and Europe Office of the Common Global Ministries (CGM).

Muslims and Islam: Key findings in the U.S. and around the world

people in Djemaa el-Fna Square during the late afternoon sun

Try our email course on Muslims and Islam

Every other day, four brief courses will be given to your mailbox to help you learn more about Muslims and Islam. Sign up right away! Muslims are the fastest-growing religious group in the world, with a population of over a billion people. The increase in Muslim population and regional migration, combined with the ongoing impact of the Islamic State (also known as ISIS or ISIL) and other extremist groups that commit acts of violence in the name of Islam, have propelled Muslims and the Islamic faith to the forefront of political debate in many countries, particularly in the Middle East and Africa.

Answers to several important questions concerning Muslims have been collated from many Pew Research Center publications issued in recent years.

How many Muslims are there? Where do they live?

According to a Pew Research Center estimate, there were 1.8 billion Muslims in the world in 2015, accounting for around 24 percent of the world’s total population. Even though Islam is presently the world’s second largest religion (behind Christianity), it is also the fastest-growing major religion, according to the World Religious Statistics. Indeed, if current demographic trends continue, it is projected that the number of Muslims would surpass the number of Christians by the end of the twentieth century.

The Asia-Pacific area is home to the vast majority of Muslims in the world (62 percent), with considerable populations in Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, and Turkey among those countries.

The Muslim population in Europe is likewise increasing; we predict that by 2050, Muslims will constitute 10% of the total European population.

How many Muslims are there in the United States?

According to our estimates, there are around 3.45 million Muslims of all ages in the United States, accounting for approximately 1.1 percent of the country’s total population. This is based on an examination of census data as well as information from a 2017 poll of Muslims in the United States, which was performed in English as well as Arabic, Farsi, and Urdu. According to the same research, the Pew Research Center estimates that there are 2.15 million Muslim adults in the United States, with the vast majority of them (58 percent) being immigrants from other countries.

It was projected in a Pew Research Center survey published in 2013 that the proportion of Muslim immigrants given permanent citizenship (green cards) climbed from around 5 percent in 1992 to approximately 10 percent in 2012, or approximately 100,000 immigrants in that year.

Why is the global Muslim population growing?

It is estimated that Islam will increase at an exponential rate in the future, and both of these elements are based on simple demography. For starters, Muslims have a higher birth rate than members of other religious communities. Every Muslim woman has an average of 2.9 children across the world, compared to an average of 2.2 children for all other groups combined. Aside from being the youngest of the major religious groups (with a median age of 24 years old in 2015), Muslims are also seven years younger than non-Muslims when it comes to age.

This, paired with high reproductive rates, will contribute to the expansion of the Muslim population.

How do Americans view Muslims and Islam?

Americans were asked to rank members of nine religious organizations on a “feeling thermometer” from 0 to 100, with 0 being the coldest, most negative possible rating and 100 representing the warmest, most positive possible rating, according to an APew Research Center poll performed in 2017. Overall, Muslims received a 48-degree average rating from Americans, which was identical to that given to atheists (50). Americans had a more positive attitude about the seven other religious groups that were included in the study (Jews, Catholics, mainline Protestants, evangelical Christians, Buddhists, Hindus and Mormons).

  1. The average rating given to Muslims by Republicans and those who lean toward the Republican Party was 39 out of 100, which is much lower than the average grade given to Muslims by Democrats (56).
  2. As a matter of fact, Republicans and Republican leaners are more likely than Democrats and Democratic leaners to say they are extremely concerned about extremism in the name of Islam, both globally (67 percent vs.
  3. 30 percent ).
  4. 26 percent of Democrats).
  5. Republicans are significantly more likely than Democrats to believe that Islam is not a part of mainstream American culture (68 percent against 37 percent) and that there is an inherent incompatibility between Islam and democracy (68 percent versus 37 percent) (65 percent vs.
  6. According to a study conducted in January 2016, almost half of Americans (49 percent) believe at least “some” Muslims in the United States are anti-American, a higher proportion than those who believe “just a few” or “none” Muslims are anti-American.
  7. According to a study conducted in February 2017, however, the majority of Americans do not believe that Muslims living in the United States have widespread support for extremism.

Approximately a quarter (24 percent) of Muslims in the United States believe there is a reasonable bit of support for extremism; 11 percent believe there is a great lot of support.

How do Europeans view Muslims?

In the spring of 2016, we polled inhabitants of ten European countries on their perceptions of the number of Muslims in their country who support extremist groups such as the Islamic State (ISIS). Generally, the prevalent viewpoint is that “just few” or “very few” Muslims support ISIS, although 46 percent of those polled in Italy believe “many” or “most” Muslims do so. The same study inquired as to whether Europeans have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of Muslims. Perceptions differed from country to country in Europe: Hungary, Italy, Poland, and Greece are among the countries where negative opinions about Muslims are prevalent, but negative attitudes toward Muslims are far less prevalent in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and other countries in Northern and Western Europe.

  1. Individuals from the Muslim world and those from the Western world share what features they consider to be similar.
  2. Across the seven Muslim-majority nations and territories that were polled, a median of 68 percent of Muslims stated that they believe Westerners are self-centered.
  3. The attitudes of Muslims held by Westerners were more divided.
  4. While just a median of 22 percent of Westerners believe Muslims are respectful of women, much more believe Muslims are honest (median of 51 percent) and charitable (median of 61 percent) (41 percent ).

What do Muslims around the world believe?

The religious beliefs and practices of Muslims, like those of any religious community, vary based on a variety of circumstances, including where in the globe they reside and what they believe. Muslims across the world, on the other hand, are nearly uniformly unified in their belief in one God and in the Prophet Muhammad, and the practice of some religious rites, such as fasting during Ramadan, is prevalent among them. In some places, however, there is a lack of cohesiveness. Muslims in 39 different nations were asked in a Pew Research Center study whether they wanted sharia law, a legal system founded on the Quran and other Islamic scripture, to be the official law of the land in their country.

The responses to this question are quite diverse.

The adoption of Sharia law, on the other hand, is supported by just a minority of people in various other nations, particularly in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. These countries include Turkey (12 percent), Kazakhstan (10 percent), and Azerbaijan (8 percent).

How do Muslims feel about groups like ISIS?

Recent studies have revealed that the vast majority of people in various countries with substantial Muslim populations have an unfavorable opinion of ISIS, including practically all respondents in Lebanon and 94 percent of respondents in Jordan. Only a small percentage of people claim they have a positive attitude toward ISIS. In several nations, large segments of the public, including a majority (62 percent) of Pakistanis, are deafeningly silent on the subject of ISIS. A bigger percentage of Nigerians (14 percent) have favorable views of ISIS than in the majority of other countries.

  • The Nigerian extremist organization Boko Haram, which has been engaged in a terrorist campaign in the nation for several years, has pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
  • 86 percent of Muslims in the United States believe that such techniques are seldom or never acceptable, according to a study conducted in 2011.
  • In a few nations, a quarter or more of Muslims believe that these acts of violence are at least occasionally permissible, including 40% in the Palestinian territories, 39% in Afghanistan, 29% in Egypt, and 26% in Bangladesh, according to a recent poll.
  • In 2016, over two-thirds of individuals in Nigeria (68 percent) and Lebanon (67 percent) stated they are extremely concerned about Islamic extremism in their nation, both of which are considerable increases from previous years.

What do American Muslims believe?

According to the results of our 2017 study of Muslims in the United States, Muslims in the United States see a great deal of prejudice against their religious group. Furthermore, a substantial majority of Muslims in the United States are wary of President Donald Trump and believe that their fellow citizens do not consider Islam to be a legitimate component of mainstream American culture. At the same time, Muslim Americans are overwhelmingly pleased to be Americans, feel that hard effort is often rewarded in this nation, and are satisfied with the way things are going in their personal lives, according to the poll.

  1. In addition, 48% of respondents indicate they have been the victim of at least one incidence of prejudice in the last year.
  2. Furthermore, 55 percent believe that Americans in general are friendly toward Muslims in the United States, compared to only 14 percent who believe that they are unfavorable.
  3. We found that just approximately a third (36 percent) of Muslims in the United States claim all or most of their close friends are Muslim, compared to an overall global median of 95 percent in the 39 nations we examined.
  4. Approximately six out of ten people (59 percent) say they pray at least once a day, and 43 percent say they attend religious services at least once a week.

Muslim voters are far more likely than non-Muslim voters to identify with or lean toward the Democratic Party (66 percent) than they are to identify with or lean toward the Republican Party (13 percent), and far more likely than non-Muslim voters to prefer a larger government that provides more services (67 percent) over a smaller government that provides fewer services (25 percent ).

Furthermore, about half of Muslims in the United States (52 percent) now believe homosexuality should be tolerated by society, a significant increase from 2011 (39 percent) and 2007. (27 percent ).

What is the difference between Shiite Muslims and Sunni Muslims?

Muslim sects Sunnis and Shiites are two subgroups, much as Catholics and Protestants are two subgroups of Christianity. Since a disagreement over the succession of leadership in the Muslim community following the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632, the Sunni-Shiite division has existed for approximately 1,400 years. While the two groups share certain fundamental Islamic principles, there are significant variations in their beliefs and practices, and in some circumstances, Sunnis do not consider Shiites to be Muslims.

In the United States, Sunnis outnumber Shiites by a margin of 55 percent to 16.

Please keep in mind that this post was modified on August 9, 2017.

Correction: The estimates of the Muslim population in the United States in this piece, as well as the chart “The number of Muslims in the United States continues to climb,” were updated on November 14, 2017.

Muslims Concerned About Their Place in Society, but Continue to Believe in the American Dream” contains more information.

Muslims in the United States are religiously faithful, yet they are also open to other interpretations of Islam.

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