Islam Facts Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God, who in Arabic is known as Allah. Followers of Islam aim to live a life of complete submission to Allah. They believe that nothing can happen without Allah’s permission, but humans have free will.
- Muslims worship God, the Creator and Sustainer of the universe, out of love and submission. They believe that He is the One God ( Allah in Arabic) who is completely unique and only He deserves to be worshipped. Worshipping God is a comprehensive concept within Islam.
- 1 What is the difference between God and Allah?
- 2 Who is God in Christianity and Islam?
- 3 Do Muslims worship the same God as Christians?
- 4 Who wrote the Quran?
- 5 Do Muslims read the Bible?
- 6 What came first Bible or Quran?
- 7 Who created God in Islam?
- 8 How does the Quran differ from the Bible?
- 9 Does Islam celebrate Christmas?
- 10 Where is Allah located?
- 11 Where do Muslims worship?
- 12 When was Islam founded?
- 13 Who is Allah? Understanding God in Islam
- 14 The names and character of Allah
- 15 Allah and the god of the Bible
- 16 Polytheistic origins
- 17 Gods as human constructions
- 18 Worship In Islam
- 19 Worship in Islam
- 20 Islam: Basic Beliefs
- 21 Teachers Guide – Muslims
- 22 Is Allah of Islam the same as Yahweh of Christianity?
- 23 Muslims love Jesus, too: 6 things you didn’t know about Jesus in Islam
What is the difference between God and Allah?
Allah is the standard Arabic word for God and is used by Arabic-speaking Christians and Jews as well as by Muslims.
Who is God in Christianity and Islam?
God. In Christianity, the most common name of God is Yahweh. In Islam, the most common name of God is Allah, similar to Eloah in the Old Testament.
Do Muslims worship the same God as Christians?
Most mainstream Muslims would generally agree they worship the same God that Christians — or Jews — worship. Zeki Saritoprak, a professor of Islamic studies at John Carroll University in Cleveland, points out that in the Quran there’s the Biblical story of Jacob asking his sons whom they’ll worship after his death.
Who wrote the Quran?
The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.
Do Muslims read the Bible?
Traditionally, many Muslim religious authorities view these books (i.e the Bible, or parts of it) as having been altered and interpolated over time, while maintaining that the Quran remains as the final, unchanged and preserved word of God.
What came first Bible or Quran?
The Bible was written first by many years. The Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) was writing from approximately 1200 to 160 BC (BCE). The New Testament was written from around 65 to 95 AD (CE). The Quran was written in the 7th century.
Who created God in Islam?
The Qur’an states that ” Allah created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, in six days” (7:54). While on the surface this might seem similar to the account related in the Bible, there are some important distinctions. The verses that mention “six days” use the Arabic word “youm” (day).
How does the Quran differ from the Bible?
The Bible is for the Christians and the Jews while the Quran is for the Muslims. The Bible is a collection of writings from different authors while the Quran is a recitation from its one and only prophet, Muhammad. Both the Bible and the Quran are guides of its believers towards spirituality and moral righteousness.
Does Islam celebrate Christmas?
“Islam teaches to respect others’ values and culture. As Muslims, we don’t celebrate Christmas but as a member of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community, we help people attend church services, take part in food drives and try to help and play a part in the joy of those individuals who are celebrating alone.
Where is Allah located?
Given that Allah is just another name of Jewish God (Yahweh), Allah resides in the third heaven mentioned in the Bible. Note that this heaven is outside the creation of God.
Where do Muslims worship?
The English word ” mosque ” denotes a Muslim house of worship. The word evolved from the Arabic term masjid, which means “place of prostration.” During prayer, Muslims briefly kneel and touch their foreheads to the ground as a sign of submission (literally, Islam) to the will of God.
When was Islam founded?
The start of Islam is marked in the year 610, following the first revelation to the prophet Muhammad at the age of 40. Muhammad and his followers spread the teachings of Islam throughout the Arabian peninsula.
Who is Allah? Understanding God in Islam
As stated in the Islamic declaration of testimony (orshahada), “There is no deity other than Allah.” Moslems believe he created the world in six days and sent prophets like as Noah and Abraham to summon mankind to worship only him and reject idolatry and polytheism. Prophets such as Moses, David, and Jesus, as well as Muhammad, are also believed to have been sent by God. The wordislam, which literally translates as “submission,” was not originally used to refer to the religion created by Muhammad.
Earlier prophets and their followers were all Muslims (submitters to Allah), yet Muslims have a tendency to confound the general and specific meanings of the words Islam and Muslim by using them interchangeably.
Their messages and books, on the other hand, were either tainted or lost.
As a result, there will be no need for any additional prophets or revelations.
The names and character of Allah
Allah is referred to be the Lord of the Worlds in the Qur’an. Unlike the biblical Yahweh (who is often referred to as Jehovah), he does not have a personal name, and his customary 99 names are really epithets that are used to refer to him. The Creator, the King, the Almighty, and the All-Seer are examples of such beings. Two of Allah’s most essential names appear in a statement that is commonly used to begin texts: Bismillah, al-Rahman, and al-Rahim (In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful).
Even though Muslims profess to be against anthropomorphic depictions of Allah, the Qur’an describes him as speaking, sitting on a throne, and possessing a face, eyes, and hands.
If things go well, one can sayma sha’ allah (as Allah wills), but if things don’t go well, one can sayal-hamdu li-llah (thank you, Allah) (Thanks be to Allah).
Allah and the god of the Bible
Allah is often understood to signify “the god” (al-ilah) in Arabic, and it is more likely to be cognate with than to be derived from the Aramaic word al-ha. All Muslims and the vast majority of Christians admit that they believe in the same deity, despite the fact that their interpretations of that god differ. Christians who speak Arabic refer to God as Allah, and Gideon bibles, which contain passages from John 3:16 in several languages, declare that Allah sent his son into the world. “Our god and your god are one,” the Qur’an asserts, addressing both Christians and Jews in the same sentence (29:46).
Therefore, some Christians dispute that Allah is the god who is acknowledged by them.
Trying to argue that the god of the Qur’an and the god of the Bible are two separate entities is like to claiming that the Jesus of the New Testament and the Jesus of the Qur’an (who is not divine and was not crucified) are two different historical figures.
Some would respond that, while there are opposing interpretations of the one Jesus, God and Allah are two separate beings with two different beginnings, respectively.
Indeed, polytheists were the majority of those who acknowledged Allah prior to the revelation of the Qur’an. Interestingly, Abdullah was the name of Muhammad’s own father, who died before the Prophet was born (Servant of God). While some may believe the argument that Allah cannot be God due to his origins as part of a polytheistic religious system is sound, it ignores the historical roots of Jewish monotheism (and its Christian and Islamic derivatives). Despite the fact that he initially reigned over a huge pantheon, biblical authors equated the Canaanite high deity El with their own god.
A variety of terms such as elandelohim, New Testamenttheos (hence theology), Latindeus (thus deism), and the pre-Christian, Germanicgodcan all refer to both the Judeo-Christian god and other supernatural creatures.
While traditional Jews and Christians think that the religion of Adam and Eve was polytheistic, Muslims believe that it was monotheistic from the beginning of time.
From Judaism came the belief that Abraham, in particular, had been the one who (re)discovered monotheism and rejected idolatry, which was later adopted by Islam.
Gods as human constructions
If Abraham lived at all, which is highly unlikely given his age, he would have flourished around the early second millennium BCE. Critical historians and archaeologists, on the other hand, contend that Israelite monotheism did not emerge until around the time of the Babylonian Exile — more than a thousand years after the biblical period. The reason why there are so many varied conceptions of God and gods is almost certainly not because humans have erred in their interpretation of a divine revelation.
Particular groups of people have made attempts to maintain their identity or even exert their hegemony over others on the basis that they have been specifically chosen by God to receive real revelation.
In addition, it explains Malaysian Muslim efforts to discourage Christians from referring to God as Allah, out of concern that legitimizing the Christian view of Allah could endanger Islamic control in the country.
As part of The Conversation’s Religion + Mythology series, this essay is reprinted with permission.
Worship In Islam
Worship in Islam is woven into the fabric of a Muslim’s everyday life and is not restricted to a single sacred site. Fundamental parts of Islamic prayer are included under five pillars, which allow Muslims to strengthen their relationship with God via a variety of practices. First and foremost, the testimony of faith (Shahadah) asserts that “There exists nothing worthy of worship but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God.” This is the first of the five fundamental foundations, and it is the most deliberately and willingly stated.
- Muslim seekers of direction in life seek guidance from God’s revelation (the Quran) as well as the teachings of Prophet Muhammad as a consequence of their religious beliefs (pbuh).
- Muslims attempt to build a personal spiritual contact with their Creator throughout the day, demonstrating sincerity, repentance, and direct supplication to God, among other practices.
- Muslims are required to donate 2.5 percent of their yearly savings to the poor, the needy, and the downtrodden, according to Islamic law.
- Muslim women fast from dawn to sunset during the month of Ramadan, which occurs in the ninth month of the Muslim lunar calendar.
- Fasting also aids in the development of strong willpower as people learn to control their body’s vital wants and the destructive activities of their tongue when abstaining from food.
- Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca): When physically and financially feasible, every Muslim should make the pilgrimage (trip) to Mecca, which is the holiest of all Muslim pilgrimage destinations.
Worship in Islam
Greetings, in the name of God, the Most Generous, the Most Merciful Worship has always been an important part of people’s lives, dating back to the dawn of recorded history. Despite diversity in traditions and a wide range of religious beliefs, humanity’s devotion to a higher being has remained a common thread. Often, when we think of worship, we think of specific religious rituals performed in the name of a deity, and we separate it from other aspects of one’s life. While the notion of worship in Islam is broad and includes both ceremonial devotion and normal everyday acts, the concept of worship in Islam is comprehensive.
- It is our entire existence, according to Islam, that we are here to worship.
- people save for the sake of worshiping Me” (51:56).
- Those who adhere to this belief think that He is the One God (Allahin in Arabic), who is fully unique and who alone is worthy of worship.
- The term “worship” encompasses not just traditional rituals such as prayer and fasting, but also any lawful activity performed with God-consciousness and in the expectation of receiving a recompense from Almighty God.
Instead, from an Islamic perspective, completing one’s life’s purpose is an active daily endeavor that one must engage in on a daily basis. An individual Muslim can therefore engage in prayer at any time of day, whether at his or her place of residence or workplace.
Foundations of Worship
In order for an act to be deemed worship, it must meet certain requirements. For example, Islam teaches that the merit of a person’s deed is determined by the purpose of the person who does the action. Muslims believe that God looks into people’s hearts, rather than merely their outward acts, and that this is what He is looking for. In order for an activity to be considered worship, it must be carried out with the only aim of bringing God pleasure. People are encouraged to connect with God via every action they perform as a result of the notion of worship found in Islam, which helps them to deepen their relationship with their Creator.
- The actions of a person must be in accordance with divine direction in addition to being pure in purpose.
- In truth, external influences, outward appearances, and ulterior goals may often cloud our capacity to distinguish between what is good and wrong in a situation.
- (Learn more about Islam’s morality and ethics here.) Prophets were sent by God to serve as instructors and role models, guiding humanity in their worship of Him and helping them to really distinguish between good and evil.
- Our moral impulses are strengthened by the combination of prophetic examples and holy texts, which also provides us with the knowledge necessary to distinguish between what is good and what is evil.
- More than anything else, they teach us how to worship God and live in a way that pleases Him.
- The God of Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and all the other prophets is the same God who sent Muhammad as His ultimate messenger to humankind and revealed to him the Quran, God’s final text, as well as the Torah and the Torah’s successor, the Torah.
- That God’s word has remained constant since the beginning of human history, directing individuals toward the fulfillment of their essential life purpose, is a witness to that continuity.
- It should be mentioned that while Muslims hold all of God’s prophets, including Jesus and Muhammad, in high regard, they do not idolize any one of them.
In reality, in Islam, worshipping anybody or anything other than the One God is severely banned. Muslims, on the other hand, pray to God to shower blessings onto all of God’s messengers and prophets.
Rites of Worship
As a result, in Islam, every single part of a person’s life may be considered worship if the person’s aim is to please God and the activity is compatible with the teachings of the Quran and the example of prophets. At the same time, certain fundamental rituals serve as the foundation for a Muslim’s devotion to God.
According to Muslim theology, the Quran, which literally translates as ‘oft-repeated,’ is God’s last revelation to humanity and is the culmination of God’s revelation to humanity. It offers direction in all aspects of one’s life. For Muslims, the recital, study, and memorizing of the Quran constitute a significant aspect of their religious practice. During every prayer, the Quran is also recited aloud. Although it is extensively read in its original Arabic, it is also accessible in a variety of translations in a variety of other languages.
Islam requires Muslims to pray five times a day, at the beginning of the day, at noon, in the middle of the day, at sunset, and at night. Prayer allows Muslims to take a physical and mental break from their daily routines in order to interact with God on a more frequent basis throughout the day. The prayers consist of praising God while standing, bending, and prostrating, following in the footsteps of Muhammad, Jesus, Moses, and all the other prophets, may peace be upon them all, and upholding the practice of prostration.
(For further information, please see this link.)
In Islam, the place of worship is referred to as a mosque. Many Muslims choose to pray in mosques, but others prefer to pray at their homes, places of work, or wherever they happen to be at the time. While a mosque is primarily used for prayer, it also acts as a community center, with people congregating to listen to lectures, participate in study groups, and have communal feasts with one another. Sunday morning services, Friday congregational midday prayers, and Ramadan night prayers are among the most popular times to visit a mosque in the United States.
Muslims fast during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, abstaining from eating, drinking, and engaging in sexual activity from dawn to sunset from sunrise to sunset. Fasting instills self-control, cleanses the soul, and strengthens the willpower of those who engage in the practice. Muslim men and women strive to increase charitable acts and control bad habits such as foul language, gossip, and anger while on fasting fasts. (For further information, see Ramadan, the Month of Fasting.)
Muslims are required to donate 2.5 percent of their annual savings to support the poor, the needy, and the oppressed, according to Islamic law. This act of devotion acknowledges that all riches is a gift from God and cleanses the soul of its attachment to material things.
Apart from that, Islam supports charitable gestures of all kinds, whether monetary or physical in kind. ‘Smiling is generosity,’ according to a well-known prophetic tradition. (See this page for more information.)
Every Muslim, if they are physically and financially able, must make the Hajj to Mecca at least once in their lifetime. This event symbolises the bond that unites all of humanity as Muslims of every race, nationality, and socioeconomic level come together to worship God in the manner of Abraham’s teachings. (See Hajj: A Once-in-a-Lifetime Experience for more information.)
For Muslims, the two Eid celebrations are crucial holy days that must not be missed. Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan, and Eid-al-Adha is observed during the days of Hajj (the pilgrimage to Mecca). Following a congregational prayer and a sermon, both gatherings are followed by festive meals, gift-giving, and socializing with friends and relatives.
Muslims can supplicate to and directly approach God for their wants and desires at any time and from any location. In Islam, direct interaction with God is considered to be a vital aspect of worship. Muslims can reach out to God at any moment, without the need for a mediator, whether they are seeking direction, seeking consolation, or pleading with God for pardon. In Islam, there is no such thing as a practice of confessing to a higher being.
Worship: A Holistic View
Worshipping God gives significance to our life and helps us to remember our mission on a regular basis. When things are going well, we are grateful for God’s blessings, and when things are tough, we have faith that God will see us through. So worship deepens our relationship with the Creator, imparting a sense of gratitude for the numerous blessings we get as His creation while also allowing us to develop qualities such as patience, endurance, and resilience when confronted with difficulties and catastrophes.
- Muslims regard their worldly existence as a transient state and prepare for the actual life that lies ahead, the eternal life of the hereafter, which they believe will last forever.
- In Islam, salvation is associated with the doing of good actions and the avoidance of harmful ones.
- The dread of being held accountable and the prospect of God’s kindness in the hereafter motivate Muslims to be conscious of God in their everyday lives, which in turn encourages them to worship Him more completely.
- Consequently, the idea of worship in Islam includes not only the performance of external religious obligations, but also the formation of a strong moral character, the maintenance of positive relationships with others, and the pursuit of just and peaceful communities.
- Removing an obstruction off the road, assisting someone in need, being kind to your family, putting in an honest day’s work, sharing food with your neighbor, visiting a sick person, attending funeral services are examples of what we may do to help others.
- So Islam blurs the distinction between what is considered religious and what is considered secular, because nearly any action can be spiritual in nature and so be rewarded by God, whether it be pursuing knowledge or preserving good neighborly relations.
- As a result, they make an effort to be truthful, sympathetic, and tolerant in their dealings.
- He was the epitome of a human being, able to successfully combine his ‘worldly’ and’religious’ actions into a seamless whole while remaining true to himself.
- Muslims strive to emulate him and to have a constant awareness of God throughout their day and night.
- Muslims must strike a balance between their religious obligations and their everyday responsibilities, mindful of their ultimate accountability to God in the hereafter.
True tranquility can only be found in the recollection of God. (Quran, verse 28) Note: The subscriptpnext to Prophet Muhammad symbolizes the prayer Muslims use to invoke God’s peace and blessings upon him, which is written in Arabic. a link to the page’s load
Islam: Basic Beliefs
Islam is a monotheistic religion that is based on the belief in a single God (Allah). According to this view, it has certain beliefs in common with those of Judaism and Christianity in that it traces its origins back to the patriarch Abraham, and ultimately to the first prophet Adam. Throughout history, prophets have taught the same universal message of faith in a single God and charity toward one another. According to Muslims, Muhammad was the final prophet in the lineage of prophets that began with Adam and ended with Moses.
- He began his career as a shepherd before moving on to become a trader.
- The people were worshipping a plethora of gods and had lost sight of the prophet Abraham’s warning that they should only serve one God.
- It was during one of these occurrences, in the year 610 CE, when he was around 40 years old, that he got a revelation from God through the angel Jibril (Gabriel).
- In his fundamental message, he emphasized that there was only one God, Allah, and that people should spend their life in a way that was agreeable to Allah, rather than gratifying themselves.
- Muslims constitute 1.2 billion people worldwide, with 7 million living in the United States.
- Indonesia and India have the greatest Muslim populations of any of the countries in the world.
- Despite the fact that they hold similar fundamental principles, they disagree on who should be the legitimate head of Islam following Muhammad’s death.
- “Allah” is just the Arabic word for God, and it means “God.” He is the same God who is adored by people of all religions and who is the same global God.
- Furthermore, “Allah” does not have a plural form.
- Religions based on belief in one God (Allah)
- Belief in angels
- Belief in the holy books revealed to all prophets, including the Torah that was revealed to the prophet Moses, the Bible that was revealed to the prophet Jesus, and the Qur’an (Koran) that was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
- Belief in all of God’s prophets sent to mankind, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Although Muslims believe in Isa or Jesus, they do not see Jesus as the Son of God in the same sense that Christians do. Muslims also believe in the Day of Judgment and life after death, but Christians do not. The highest reward for doing good things is growing in one’s relationship with God
- Faith in the decree of God. Therefore, God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission
- But, he has granted human people the ability to choose whether they will be good or evil. At the conclusion of this life, everyone will be interrogated about their actions and decisions.
These are practical guidelines for putting Muslim principles into practice on a daily basis, including:
- They serve as regular reminders of how to put Muslim ideas into action in everyday situations:
Muslims believe that the Qur’an, also known as the Koran, is the final revealed scripture provided by God. It is the discourse of God that was revealed to Muhammad in the Arabic language throughout his twenty-three-year journey on the earth. During Muhammad’s lifetime, the Qur’an was written down by scribes and memorized by his followers. The Qur’an places a strong emphasis on moral, ethical, and spiritual qualities, with the goal of ensuring justice for all people. The Koran’s native language, Arabic, is studied by many Muslims who wish to learn to read it.
Every day, they read a portion of it. According to Islam, the Sunnah is a written record of Muhammad’s words and actions. The Sunnah is utilized to assist in the interpretation of the Koran. It also contains guidance on matters like as belief, worship, and behavior.
Teachers Guide – Muslims
- Welcome to the site
- Discussion and activities
- Beliefs and Daily Lives of Muslims
- Beliefs of Muslims
- Major Practices/Duties of Muslims
- Muslims’ Day-to-Day Lives
- The Position of Women in Islam
- The History of Islam
Islam emphasizes the necessity of both belief and practice, stating that one is insufficient without the other in order to be successful (except for some Sufis). According to the Quran and Sunnah, the following six beliefs are universally believed by Muslims, and they are as follows: Six Fundamental Beliefs
- Religion of Islam is based on the belief in the oneness of God. Muslims believe that God is the creator of everything, as well as being both all-powerful and all-knowing. Unlike humans, God does not have progeny and is not impacted by the features of human existence. He has no race, no gender, and no physical body. Muslims believe in angels, who are invisible entities who serve God and carry out God’s commands across the cosmos. When the prophets received the holy revelation through the angel Gabriel, they were ecstatic. Believe in the Books of God: Muslims believe that God revealed holy books or scriptures to a number of God’s messengers, and that these holy books or scriptures are still in existence today. These include the Quran (which was delivered to Muhammad), the Torah (which was given to Moses), the Gospel (which was given to Jesus), the Psalms (which were given to David), and the Scrolls (which were provided to Moses) (given to Abraham). Muslims believe that these preceding writings were divinely revealed in their original form, but that only the Quran has survived in the form in which it was initially revealed to the prophet Muhammad
- And Believe in the Prophets or Messengers of God: Muslims believe that God’s direction has been revealed throughout history via specifically designated messengers, or prophets, who have been sent by God. The first man, Adam, is believed to be the first prophet. There are twenty-five of these prophets who are specifically addressed by name in the Quran. These include Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Muslims believe that Muhammad is the final prophet in this series of prophets, who was sent to bring the message of Islam to all of humanity. Humans will be evaluated for their acts in this life on the Day of Judgment, according to Muslims. Those who accepted God’s advice will be rewarded with paradise, while those who rejected God’s counsel will be punished with hell, according to Muslims. Belief in the Divine Decree (or Divine Will): Specifically, the topic of God’s will is addressed in this article of faith. If one believes that everything is regulated by divine decree, this means that everything occurs in one’s life is preordained, and that believers should respond to the good or terrible things that happen in their lives with thanksgiving or patience, then they are practicing the religion of Islam. As previously stated, this idea does not contradict the concept of “free will,” because humans do not have prior knowledge of God’s decree, they do have the ability to choose their own decisions.
Muslims are expected to put their religious ideas into action by participating in specific acts of devotion. Because adherence to religious commitments and practices is a matter of personal choice in all religions, some adhere to them more strictly than others. This is true of all faiths, and it is true of all religions. Islam’s five pillars, or acts of worship, are as follows:
- The Declaration of Faith (shahada): The first act of worship is the proclamation that “There is no god besides God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God,” which is the first act of worship. During their prayers, Muslims repeat this sentence several times throughout the day. If someone wishes to become a Muslim, he or she must make this confession of faith as a means of gaining admission to Islam. In Islam, prayer (salat) is prescribed five times a day: at dawn, noon, late afternoon, sunset and night. It is a quick prayer or ritual worship performed five times a day. ablution is performed before prayer by Muslims and consists of a brief required washing of the hands, mouth, nose, face, arms, and feet. One may worship alone or in a group in any clean area, including a mosque, and no special permission is required. Friday’s midday prayer is very important to Muslims, and it should be performed at a mosque if at all feasible. When Muslims pray, they turn their heads in the direction of Mecca. Muslims are expected to contribute to the poor and in need as part of their religious obligations (zakat). Islam imposes a required charitable contribution, known as zakat, that is calculated on the basis of two and a half percent of one’s income and assets. Apart from the mandated charity, Muslims are urged to contribute as much as they can to voluntary charity throughout the year. Fasting (sawm): During the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the lunar calendar, Muslims are obligated to fast from sunrise to sunset. Evenings are spent mingling with friends and family for a joyous breaking of the fast. When Muslims fast, they abstain from eating, drinking, and engaging in sexual behavior. During Ramadan, Muslims are also expected to refrain from engaging in bad behaviors such as lying, gossiping, petty fights, and having negative thoughts or acting in a negative manner, such as being furious. Muslims are expected to begin fasting when they reach the age of puberty, while some younger children may also participate. When unwell, on the road or in a foreign country, menstruating, pregnant or breastfeeding, or otherwise unable to fast, people may break their fast and make up the days later in the year. In order to avoid fasting, the elderly and individuals with disabilities are exempted from doing so. Ramadan was the month in which Muhammad received the revelation of the Quran, which began in the month of Ramadan. As a result, Muslims are urged to read the Quran throughout this month, and many people congregate in mosques in the evenings to listen to recitations from the Quran during this month. Eid al-Fitr (pronounced “eed’ al fi’-ter”), also known as the “Festival of the Fast-Breaking,” is one of the most important Muslim holidays. It commemorates the end of the Ramadan fast and is celebrated on the first day of the month following Ramadan. Celebration, prayers, feasts, and gift-giving are all part of the agenda on this day. In order to be considered a Muslim, one must undertake the journey to Mecca, situated in Saudi Arabia. If one is financially and physically capable, one must do the trip at least once in their lifetime. Mecca is the site of the Kaaba, the world’s first place of worship dedicated to God, which is supposed to have been constructed by the prophet Abraham and his son Ishmael. When Muslims pray, they all turn their faces towards the Kaaba, the House of Allah. On their way to worship God, Muslims from all over the world put aside all external signs of their social standing and material prosperity. During the trip, all outward signs of social standing and material wealth are removed. In their communities, Muslims who have completed the journey are referred to as “Hajji,” and when they return, they are met with a great deal of joy and reverence. Eid al-Adha (pronounced eed’ al-ad’-ha), also known as the “Festival of Sacrifice,” is the second most important feast in Islam. On the tenth day of the month, after the completion of the journey, all Muslims gather to worship, feast, exchange presents, and offer a sacrifice of an animal to commemorate the occasion (usually a lamb or goat). The meat is given out to family members, friends, and others in need
Islam offers a plethora of laws for daily living as well as for interpersonal interactions. The Quran is the primary source of these principles, while the hadith, or records of the prophet Muhammad’s words or acts, is the second source of these laws.
- Prohibitions: In Islam, anything that is deemed detrimental to the body, the mind, the soul, or society is banned (haram), but everything that is regarded good is permitted (halal) (halal). Muslims are not permitted to consume pork, alcohol, or mind-altering substances, according to Islamic law. Muslims are obligated to consume meat that has been killed and sanctified in accordance with Islamic principles. This type of meat is referred to as “halal.” Islam also prohibits Muslims from participating in sexual activity outside of marriage, disobeying parents, mistreating relatives or orphans, or assaulting or oppressing others. Religion and the role of clergy: In Islam, there is no hierarchy of clergy, and Muslim religious leaders do not have the authority to absolve individuals of their crimes. Every person has a direct and unmediated contact with God, with no need for a mediator. There are religious leaders or scholars, referred to as ulema, who have studied and are specialists in many parts of Islam, such as Sharia law, hadith, and Quranic recitation, among other things. The fact that Islam does not have a unified authority is also crucial to highlight
- As a result, there exist discrepancies among Muslim academics. The process of becoming a Muslim is facilitated by Muslims being urged to share their beliefs with others. Muslims, on the other hand, are cautioned from attacking the views of others or engaging in confrontations or arguments regarding religious topics. Conversion does not take place in a formal ceremony. To become an Islamic convert, all one needs to do is believe in and utter the shahada.
Contrary to how Muslim women’s rights and privileges are portrayed in popular culture, Islam grants women a wide range of rights, including the right to inherit, to work outside the house, and to receive an education. These rights are frequently infringed, as they are in all cultures and groups. That which results from the junction of Islam with existing cultural norms, which may be indicative of male-dominated civilizations, is what we are seeing. In Muslim societies, women frequently wield significant power in the home, the job, the religion, and society as a whole, among other things.
- Marriage: Because men and women are not authorized to date in some Muslim nations, parents arrange weddings for their children. The ultimate choice, however, is left to the discretion of the prospective couple. The majority of potential spouses in Western nations meet in a family environment or in a public area, and they frequently pick their partner on their own, though many still seek their parents’ approval. When two people are married in Islam, they are agreeing to live together in accordance with Islamic principles and to raise their offspring in the same religion as they were raised. According to Islamic law, a man is solely responsible for providing for the financial requirements of his wife and their children. A woman’s earnings are hers to spend as she pleases, yet she may opt to contribute to the household’s costs if she so desires. Although Islam authorizes males to engage in polygamy, it is an exception rather than the rule, and it is subject to the stipulation that a man must treat all of his wives in an equal manner. In light of the Quran’s prohibition on a man treating more than one wife equally, many Muslims believe that polygamy is prohibited. Familial Relationships: In Islam, the family is believed to be of utmost importance. The Muslim family is comprised of the whole circle of familial ties, including in-laws, as well as the immediate family. The importance of obligations to one’s parents and other relatives is extensively emphasized. Extended family members frequently reside in the same house or neighborhood, and even when they do not, the family is extremely close on a psychological level. The Public Sphere: Muslim women are free to engage in all aspects of public life so long as their modesty is not compromised. Muslim women have the right to an education, the right to work outside the house, and the opportunity to make a positive contribution to society. Because of the effect that mothers have on their children, it is even more critical that women have an education. Both men and women are required to display oneself in a modest way, with the emphasis on the word “modesty.” The purpose of wearing a hijab or covering, for example, is to prevent women’s sexuality from being a source of temptation or interfering with their relationships with males. Many Muslim women believe that wearing hijab allows them to be free of the male gaze. Men are likewise expected to conduct themselves and dress modestly. Women’s and men’s attire differs from one culture to the next, as well as according to individual views. Relationships between men and women include the following: Islam dictates that Muslim men and women conduct themselves in a modest manner in their contacts with one another. Prior to marriage, Muslim men and women should treat each other as brothers and sisters, and they should avoid any relationship that might lead to sexual or romantic engagement. However, despite the fact that Westernized notions frequently have an impact on this restriction, Islam insists that both men and women remain pure until marriage.
Is Allah of Islam the same as Yahweh of Christianity?
On my way to work in Columbia, South Carolina, I passed the State House, where the Confederate flag was floating in the air behind a big, festively decorated Christmas tree. The contrast between the two symbols drew my attention. To the majority of people, the Christmas tree theoretically represents the holiday season and the emphasis on the first arrival of Jesus Christ. For them, any depiction of a spiritual reality on public property is a blatant violation of their constitutional rights. The flag, on the other hand, has grown increasingly contentious.
- As a result, we have a single symbol that may be used to represent multiple different things.
- In a similar vein, for some Christians, Allah is simply another name for the one and only God who created the entire universe.
- The question before us, therefore, is whether the titles “Allah” and “Yahweh” are just two distinct names for the same God, or if they refer to two separate Gods altogether.
- Allah is most likely derived from the Aramaic compound phrase “al-ilah,” which literally translates as “the deity.” It is a general name for the supreme deity of the people, and it has been in use in Arabia for hundreds of years prior to Muhammad’s arrival on the scene.
- Allah had three daughters in the pre-Islamic era, namely Al-At, Al-Uzza, and Al-Manat, and they were all named Al-At.
- The Allah of the Qur’an, on the other hand, is a radically different being from the Yahweh of the Old Testament.
- I don’t think it’s feasible to get to know him personally.
Indeed, for Muslims, Allah is the only being who may exist without any partners.
Last but not least, even for the most devoted Muslim, there is no assurance of redemption, for Allah has the authority to reject the believer’s good actions and send him to hell at his discretion.
Yahweh, however, the God of the Bible, is a distinct sort of deity, as we will explore in this article.
God instructed Moses to address him as “I am that I am,” or in Hebrew, “Yahweh,” at that time.
When the Jews learned that Jesus was referring to himself as God, they seized upon the opportunity to stone him for what they considered to be blasphemy against God.
However, this cannot be claimed of the Muslim God since Muslims deny Jesus’ divinity and, as a result, deny most of what the New Testament teaches about him.
While Allah is seen as being too sacred to have personal interactions with humans, Yahweh is frequently depicted as a loving God who is concerned about our particular troubles.
The Father of Jesus can be defined as God’s father since there is unity in the Trinity despite the fact that God is one God who exists in three distinct persons.
Furthermore, both religions assert that God has sent prophets to disclose His will and to produce texts to serve as a guide for our daily lives.
For starters, their characteristics are distinct from one another.
Furthermore, because his strength is more essential than his other traits, there is an uneven focus placed on power in relation to his other attributes as well.
Yahweh, on the other hand, is by nature a triune oneness, and as a result, his characteristics are derived from his nature.
And because his characteristics are founded on his immutable nature rather than his strong will, all of his characteristics are equal and serve to foster trustworthiness rather than capriciousness.
Second, Christians believe that God’s essence is triune (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit), which is the only way that Jesus Christ, as the second person of the Trinity, could suffer on the cross in order to pay the penalty for our sins.
Muslims, on the other hand, do not believe that Jesus died on the cross and do not believe in his resurrection from the dead, according to the Bible.
According to them, Jesus cannot be God, and God cannot be a father, because he does not have a son.
But, hold on a minute, some may argue.
Do they have a case?
The Arabic Christians believe that “Allah” is the father of Jesus, and they think that “Allah” is triune, which is why they refer to him as “Father of Jesus” in their translation of the Bible.
Remembering that words have both a denotative and a connotative meaning might help to clear up this semantic strangling problem.
The connotation of a word, on the other hand, is decided by what a person believes about the object of the word.
As a result, the word “allah” is essentially a denotative term that refers to “god, divinity, etc.” Our connotative presuppositions, on the other hand, help us to grasp the denotative application.
Even if the denotation of the words is the same, there is a world of difference between the substance of the words (connotation).
If you look at the names Allah and Yahweh in the Qur’an and the Bible, it should be clear that they cannot both be referring to the same God.
According to the Law of Non-Contradiction, none of these can be true at the same time.
One thing should be clear, however: the God of Muhammad cannot be the same God as the God of Jesus Christ. Daniel Janosik is an Adjunct Faculty member (Apologetics) at Columbia International University in New York. Permalink|Comment|Leave a reply» Description
Muslims love Jesus, too: 6 things you didn’t know about Jesus in Islam
We all know that Christmas is a religious holiday that honors the birth of Jesus and is a significant religious event for Christians all over the world. However, many people are unaware that Jesus is also revered in Islam, despite the fact that the majority of Muslims do not observe Christmas as a religious festival. The holiday is celebrated by certain Muslims across the world (including some in the United States). For the occasion, here are six interesting facts about the position of Jesus — and his mother, Mary — in Islam that you might not have known before:
- Jesus, Mary, and the angel Gabriel are all prominent characters in the Qur’an (as are Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and a slew of other Bible characters)
- Muslims believe that Jesus (referred to as “Isa” in Arabic) was a prophet of God who was born to a virgin
- And Muslims believe that Jesus (referred to as “Isa” in Arabic) was a prophet of God who was born to a virgin (Mary). He will also come to Earth before the Day of Judgment in order to restore justice and vanquish al-Masihad-Dajjal, or “the false messiah,” who is also known as the Antichrist, according to these believers. Many Christians will recognize a lot of this as being familiar territory. Warning: spoilers ahead: Muslims are well aware that “al-Masihad-Dajjal” is the Arabic name for the Antichrist, which has caused some, uh, unexpected problems for Netflix recently.
- Mary (known in Arabic as “Maryam”) has an entire chapter in the Qur’an dedicated to her — the only chapter in the Qur’an dedicated to a female figure. To be more specific, Mary is the sole woman to be named by name in the whole Qur’an. “Other female figures are recognized simply by their relationship to others, such as the wife of Adam and the mother of Moses, or by their title, such as the Queen of Sheba,” according to the Study Quran. More times in the Qur’an than in the whole New Testament of the Bible, Mary is named
- Just as they do with all previous prophets, including Mohammed, faithful Muslims say “peace be upon him” after every time they mention Jesus by name
- Muslims believe that Jesus performed miracles, including: There are numerous of Jesus’ miracles mentioned in the Qur’an. These include restoring sight to the blind, curing lepers, reviving the dead, and breathing life into clay birds
- Among others. It is also the tale of Jesus’ first miracle, when he spoke as a child in the crib and announced himself to be a prophet of God, according to the Qur’an, which is recounted in the book of Genesis. The plot is as follows:
And keep in mind Mary’s story in the Book, when she separated from her family and moved to an eastern location. And she kept her identity hidden from them. Then We sent Our Spirit to her, and it took on the appearance of a flawless man in order to serve her. “I seek shelter from thee in the Compassionate, if you are reverent!” she said in response. “I am only a messenger from thy Lord, sent to bestow upon thee a spotless boy,” he explained. “How am I going to have a son when no guy has ever touched me, and I have never been unchaste?” she wondered.
‘It is simple for Me,’ thy Lord declares.” We did this so that he may serve as a sign to the world and as a kindness from Us.
As a result, she conceived him and retreated with him to a remote location.
“Would that I had died before this and had been a thing of the past, completely forgotten!” she said.
A rivulet hath been created beneath thy feet by thy Lord.
So eat and drink, and keep thy eyes open and cool.
Then they shouted, “Mary, Mary, Mary!
O Aaron’s sister, how I adore you!
“How are we to communicate with someone who is still an infant in the cradle?” they wondered.
He has given me the Book and elevated me to the status of prophet.
And He has not turned me into a bossy, horrible creature.
Muslim believers venerate Jesus as a prophet despite the fact that they do not think Jesus is the son of God, which is a key gap between Muslim and Christian views on him.
Merry Christmas to you! Muslims in the Indonesian city of Manado participate in the Christmas Santa Parade by donning Santa hats and mingling with Christian participants. Photograph courtesy of Ronny Adolof Buol/Pacific Press/LightRocket/Getty Images