Who Is Ali In Islam? (Question)

ʿAlī, in full ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib, (born c. 600, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]—died January 661, Kufa, Iraq), cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, and fourth of the “rightly guided” (rāshidūn) caliphs, as the first four successors of Muhammad are called.

What is the relationship between Prophet Muhammad and Ali?

Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad’s son-in-law. His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatimah bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad’s uncle.

What did the Prophet say about Ali?

Tradition states that when the verse ” And admonish thy nearest kinsmen,” was revealed to Muhammad, he called Ali and said to him, Ali, God has commanded me to warn my tribe of near kindred. I was troubled by this, since I knew that when I discuss the matter to them they would respond in a way which I would not like.

Who is the wife of Hazrat Ali?

Verse 5:67 This verse, according to Shia beliefs urge the Prophet of Islam to announce Ali as his successor on his way from his last pilgrimage to Mecca.

Who was the founder of Islam?

The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.

Who wrote the Quran?

The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.

Who collect the Quran?

The Quran was collected under the auspices of committee of four senior ranking Companions headed by Zayd ibn Thabit. This compilation was kept by the Caliph Abu Bakr, after his death by his successor, Caliph Umar, who on his deathbed gave them to Hafsa bint Umar, his daughter and one of Muhammad’s widows.

What does Hazrat mean?

Hazrat, Hadrat, Hadhrat, or Hadrah (Arabic: حَضْرَة, romanized: ḥaḍra, pl. حَضْرَات ḥaḍrāt; Persian: pronounced Hazret or Hazrat) is a common Pakistani, Iranian, Afghan, and honorific Arabic and Turkish title used to honour a person. It literally denotes and translates to “presence, appearance.”

When was Ali born?

ʿAlī, in full ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib, (born c. 600, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]—died January 661, Kufa, Iraq), cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, and fourth of the “rightly guided” (rāshidūn) caliphs, as the first four successors of Muhammad are called.

Do the Shia have a different Quran?

The Shia view of the Qur’an differs from the Sunni view, but the majority of both groups believe that the text is identical. While some Shia disputed the canonical validity of the Uthmanic codex, the Shia Imams always rejected the idea of alteration of Qur’an’s text.

What is Hafs Quran?

Hafs and warsh are not a version but rather the dialects and recitations of Prophet Muhammad pbuh and Hafs being the original Quraishi dialect of in which the Quran was revealed for the first time to Prophet pbuh so this is the one being used 95 % throughout the Muslim world and there are no doubts in it as its the top

Ali ibn Abi Talib

After being killed in 661 CE, Ali ibn Abi Talib (l. 601-661 CE) was one of the earliest Muslims. He was a cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632 CE), and eventually reigned as the fourth Caliph of Islam from 656 CE to 661 CE, when he was slain. Much of his time was devoted putting the Islamic Empire back to order during the First Fitna, which was the first civil conflict of the Islamic Empire (656-661 CE). A group of the Islamic world, known as the Shia Muslims, believes that he is the sole rightful heir to Muhammad’s temporal position and the first in a long line of spiritual leaders or imams who would follow him.

634-644 CE), and Uthman (r.

Early LifeConversion

After being involved in the Islamic movement in Medina, where he served as a deputyenvoy for the Prophet and became one of his most trusted subordinates, Ali’s life became intertwined with it. Some accounts place Ali’s birth at Mecca in 601 CE within the holy sanctuary of Ka’aba, while others place it outside the sacred sanctuary. He was the son of AbuTalib ibn Abd al-Muttalib (l. 535-619 CE), the chief of the Hashim tribe and the uncle of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. He was born in the year 535 CE and died in the year 619 CE.

  • Ali developed a great relationship with Muhammad from an early age, and Muhammad welcomed Ali into his family.
  • Ali’s father died in 619 CE, leaving him with only Muhammad as a patriarchal figure in his life.
  • Ali remained in Mecca on the night of Muhammad’s departure from Mecca in order to seek shelter in Medina (where he was destined to become king), and he was responsible for returning people’s goods that they had pledged to the Prophet for safekeeping.
  • Ali was widely acclaimed for his fabled wisdom, to the point where he became known as the Bab ul-Ilm (the Father of Wisdom) (gate to knowledge).

Tiles from the Ottoman Empire Anonymous is representing the Kaaba (Public Domain) His fighting exploits, on the other hand, are what have garnered the greatest attention for him; his tenacity and unwavering courage have earned him the moniker Asad Allah– the Lion of God– for his unwavering courage.

The Fight of Badr (624 CE), the first conflict against the Meccans, is claimed to have been a single-handed victory for him on the eve of the battle, according to legend.

These are only a few of the many accounts that have been written about his bravery, loyalty to Islam, and combat prowess.

Rise to Power

Muhammad died in the year 632 CE, and his close colleague Abu Bakr (r. 632-634 CE) succeeded him as the first Caliph of Islam, assuming control of the Muslim community for the first time. Some, however, believe that Ali was the legitimate heir to Muhammad’s caliphate. The Shia Muslims, as they were known after the Prophet’s death, based their reasoning on the fact that the Prophet had stated before his death that whomever held him as hismawla would feel the same way about Ali (this is known as the Event of Ghadir Khumm).

  1. Do you enjoy history?
  2. In Hagia Sophia, you may see the calligraphic names of the Rashidun Caliphs.
  3. After the Prophet’s death, Umar ibn al-Khattab (r.
  4. Ali acted as an advisor to him and is credited with several of his most well-known reform initiatives (i.e.
  5. Following him, Uthman ibn Affan (r.
  6. After ruling for more than a decade, Uthman came under increasing pressure from his kinsmen in the Umayya clan (later known as the Umayyad Dynasty), and at the conclusion of his reign he had to deal with open insurrection and was assassinated by rebel soldiers in 656 CE.
  7. 656-661 CE), who was subsequently proclaimed Caliph of Islam, more than two decades after the death of his father.

First Fitna (656-661 CE) Erupts

When Caliph Ali assumed the throne, he immediately set about restoring order by dismissing a number of regional governors, the most of whom were corrupt and had been appointed by Uthman (who had lost control over them later). While some were willing to submit to the new Caliph’s strength, others refused to be intimidated. As a result of Uthman’s assassination, major divisions arose among the society, and his kinsmen from the Umayya clan, most notably Muawiya (r. 602-680 CE), the ruler of Syria, requested that justice be served.

  • The bloodstained tunic of the murdered Caliph and the severed fingers of his wife (who had heroically sought to save him) were exposed publicly in the mosque of Damascus in order to rally popular sympathy for the cause of the fallen leader.
  • (Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike) Several notable Muslims, including Muhammad’s wife Aisha (d.
  • 613/614-678 CE) and Zubayr (d.
  • 594–656 CE), who had been among Muhammad’s favorites, made the same demands as Aisha, including Talhah (d.
  • 594-657 CE) and Zubayr (d.

594–656 CE), both of whom renounced their support for Ali after being denied governorships of Although Uthman’s enemies had now come to support Ali, they maintained their belief that the old man had been killed justly, whereas Uthman’s supporters claimed that his murder had been an act of cruelty and demanded justice; this heated debate would soon devolve into a bloody civil war between the two factions.

Ali’s inability to serve justice in Uthman’s case was due to a number of factors, including the fact that he could not withstand another uprising (especially when the renegades were at their most dangerous), the fact that his supporters were threatening to desert him, and the fact that his opponents were growing in number.

Battles of the CamelSiffin

The opposing groups gathered in the Iraqi city of Basra, where respectable leaders from both sides urged for discussions that proved ineffective and eventually resulted in an all-out war. Ali did not want Muslim blood on his hands, like his predecessor Uthman, who had hesitated to defeat the rebels who were fighting against him; so, he instructed his troops to arrest Aisha, who was riding a camel at the time of the capture. After seeing that their leader had been captured, Aisha’s troops halted fighting, and she was returned to Medina with every symbol of respect in the world.

  1. In the Battle of the Camel, AliAisha is unidentified (Public Domain) Ali marched his coalition army towards Syria in order to put Muawiya’s defiance on the right track.
  2. At the peak of the battle, the Rashidun warriors forced the Syrians to the brink of collapse.
  3. 585-664 CE) made a shrewd business decision.
  4. As a result of his fast turn of allegiance, he urged to the Syrians on the night of the battle’s conclusion that they hoist pages of the Quran from their lances as a signal to seek a peaceful ending.
  5. Succeeded in the Battle of SiffinBal’ami (Public Domain) Muawiya’s position was solid as a result of the stalemate, while Ali’s position was not as safe.
  6. This was a remarkable triumph for Muawiya, who had not previously proclaimed his desire to run for the presidency; yet, it was a disaster for Ali, the reigning party’s leader.
  7. A radical faction, some of whom were implicated in Uthman’s murder, claimed that “arbitration belongs to God alone” (a nice way of implying that they were opposed to both parties) and left Ali after initially supporting a peaceful resolution with fervor.

Against Ali, this faction, afterwards known as the Kharijites (meaning “those who walk forth”), formed a state of resistance. Continuing to challenge Ali’s power, Muawiya won the total support of Syria, the Levant, and Egypt – where he was successful in having Amr, a close ally, appointed governor.

Domestic AffairsChallenges

After Ali’s triumph near Basra in 657 CE, he moved his capital to Kufa, an Iraqi garrison city erected during the era of Caliph Umar. Kufa was the focal point of Ali’s support, compelling him to move his capital to that city in January 657 CE, shortly after his victory near Basra. This decision sparked widespread outrage because Medina had served as both the Prophet’s seat of authority and his ultimate resting place. The move was primarily motivated by political considerations:

  • In order to gain support, to reign over the empire from a consolidated position, and to protect Medina from the ravages of the civil war that had erupted, the caliph traveled to Rome.
You might be interested:  What Does Islam Really Teach? (Solution found)

Ali wished to restore central authority over provinces and to distribute state resources in an equitable manner among the population. He encountered difficulties as a result of his anti-corruption stance, which, although commendable, eroded his popularity and weakened his position. Governors of important provinces, who had been appointed by Uthman, were defying caliphal authority and hoarding money for their own benefit. Ali refused to accept this, and as a result, individuals who had previously enjoyed amnesty under Uthman’s ineffective leadership became Ali’s opponents.

Photograph by Photographer’s Mate 1st Class Arlo K.

(Created in the Public Domain) Because the empire was split apart by civil conflict, the acquisition of surrounding territories was halted, resulting in a lack of war loot to make up for the money spent on in-house warfare.


Muawiya is credited with laying the groundwork for the institution of monarchy in the Islamic Empire, which was symbolized by the Umayyad Dynasty. A threat had emerged from the Kharijite extremists, and it was necessary to deal with them. In 659 CE, Ali unleashed his military power on these traitors, resulting in a devastating defeat that they would never forget (the Battle of Nahrawn). Following the defeat of their armed forces, the Kharijites turned to clandestine movements for the accomplishment of their aims.

Muawiya and Amr had both been targeted by Kharijite assassins, but both were able to avoid death; the latter was never assaulted, while the former suffered just a slight injury.

Hasan (l.

Despite the fact that Muawiya pledged not to choose his successor, this oath was broken, and Muawiya lay the groundwork for the establishment of an institutional monarchy in the Islamic Empire, which would be represented by the Umayyad Dynasty (661-750 CE).

The Umayyads had zero tolerance for insurrections; whatever bribery and cajolery failed to accomplish, the use of force was easily used to enforce compliance.

Posthumous FameLegacy

A leader throughout his lifetime, Ali was not worshipped and venerated as he is today. He was merely thought of as such during his lifetime. As Shiism progressed from a political force to a religious movement, it began to diverge from the dominant Sunni religious tradition. According to historian John Joseph Saunders, “.it has even been suggested that the Shia were originally more Sunni than the Sunnis themselves are today” (127-128). Several subsequent events, such as the martyrdom of Hussayn (l.

  • The Ottoman Zulfiqar Flag is flown by User:FA2010 (Public Domain) The sacrifices made by Ali and his family have earned them a place in Islamic history, and they have been continuously eulogized and glorified by both Sunnis and Shias throughout history.
  • Names like as Ali, Hasan, Hussayn, and Abbas are prevalent among the group, however they are not exclusive to them, since many Sunnis also choose these names for their children.
  • With no question, Ali Ibn Abi Talib was a gentleman and a man of integrity.
  • In spite of his brief reign, Ali left a lasting legacy — as an inspiration for all future rulers who sought to behave in accordance with solid ideas of justice, and as an example of Arabic chivalry in its highest form.
  • Prior to publication, this paper was checked for correctness, dependability, and conformance to academic standards by two independent reviewers.

Story of Ali ibn Talib (R.A.)

God bless you, and may Allah grant you continued blessings and peace on the Prophet Mohammad (saw) and his sanctified and loyal Companions (saw), as well as on all of their followers until the Day of Judgment comes. In this page, we provide a brief biography of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the fourth caliph of Islam, who reigned from 632 to 636. (R.A.).

His Ancestry, Family and Attributes:

It is Ali Ibn Abu Talib Bin Abdul-Muttalib Bin Hashim who goes by his full name. In addition, he belonged to the most illustrious family of the Quraish clan, the Banu Hashim family, and was a distant cousin of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). His mother’s name was Fatimah, and she converted to Islam at a young age, eventually settling in Madinah. His father, Abu Talib, was a tribal head of the Banu Hashim family, and he served as the Kaaba’s keeper. Abu Talib was the Prophet Muhammad’s nephew and uncle (S.A.W.).

In accordance with the records, Ali (R.A.) was born in Makkah on Friday, 13th of Rajab, thirty years after the event of the Elephant, which corresponded to the 17th of March, 599 CE, on Friday, 13th of Rajab.

He was a distinguished scholar, a valiant soldier, a noteworthy ascetic, and a brilliant orator, among other accomplishments. He was also preoccupied with the collecting of the Holy Quran and the revision of it with the Prophet Muhammad, among other things (S.A.W.).

His Early life and Acceptance of Islam:

After a severe drought struck the Quraish when Ali (R.A.) was five years old, the economic situation in Makkah had deteriorated significantly. The Prophet (S.A.W.) therefore called to his uncle Al-Abbas to lend assistance to Abu Talib throughout the crisis. In the same way that Al-Abbas opted to care for Jafar, they offered Abu Talib to care for his children, and the Prophet (S.A.W.) selected Ali (R.A. and showed him every compassion and affection possible during his early childhood, which had a lasting impact on him for the rest of his life.

Once, while the Prophet (S.A.W.) and his noble wife Khadijah (R.A.) were praying, Ali ibn Abu Talib (R.A.) returned home from a trip abroad.

Ali (R.A.) stated that he had never heard of this before and that he needed to inform his father Abu Talib about it; but, the Prophet (S.A.W.) instructed him to keep the subject a secret until the Prophet (S.A.W.) approved it.

His Islam was initially kept hidden for fear of being discovered by his father, but when Abu Talib discovered him and recognized him, he approved of it and requested him to continue practicing it, but Abu Talib refused to abandon the faith of his late fathers till he passed away.

His Role in Prophet’s (S.A.W.) Migration to Madinah:

The Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) stayed in Makkah, awaiting Allah’s permission to travel to Madinah, while his Companions left Makkah earlier than he had planned. During a plan to assassinate the Prophet (S.A.W.) by disbelievers in Makkah, Angel Gabriel (A.S.) revealed to him the specifics of the wicked scheme and instructed him (the Prophet S.A.W.) to refrain from sleeping in his bed that night. Consequently, the Prophet (Saw) instructed Ali (R.A.) to lie in his bed in order to imitate him, while the Prophet (Saw) left his house securely in the middle of the night and relocated to Madinah, as described in the Quran.

When the Prophet (S.A.W.) left for Madinah, it was Ali (R.A.) who the Prophet (S.A.W.) put his faith in to return the property to their rightful owners.

Ali (R.A.) had endured excruciating pain on his voyage to Madinah, since he had traveled the whole distance on his feet for the duration of the expedition.

During his journey to Madinah, the Prophet (S.A.W.) lay the groundwork for the establishment of the Islamic state.

Ali (R.A.) was exceedingly active in serving the Prophet (S.A.W. ), owing to his proximity to him, his willingness to obey his directives, and his willingness to learn from his direction.

His Marriage with Fatimah (R.A.):

Ali (R.A.) married Fatimah (R.A.), the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) most cherished daughter and one of the most beautiful ladies on the planet; her mother was Khadijah Bint Kuwailid (R.A.) (R.A.). The fortunate marriage took place in Madinah following the Battle of Ohud when Fatimah (R.A.) was fifteen years old, following the Battle of Ohud. So Ali (R.A.) also had the distinction of being the father of the Prophet (S.A.W.children )’s via his sons from Fatima (R.A.), Al-Hasan (R.A.), Al-Husayn (R.A.), Zainab (R.A.), and Umm Kulthoom (R.A.) (R.A.).

Ali (R.A.) During Prophet Muhammad’s (S.A.W.) Era:

After proving himself to be dependable and trustworthy, the Prophet (S.A.W). chose Ali (R.A.) to be one of the scribes who would be tasked with capturing the text of the Holy Quran, which had been revealed to him during his lifetime, on paper. During the period when Islam began to expand throughout Arabia, Ali (R.A.) contributed to the establishment of the new Islamic system by transporting massages and announcing Islamic precepts. Moreover, the Pact of Hudaybiyah, the peace treaty signed between the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and the Quraish, was to be written down by Ali (R.A.), who was given the task.

His responsibilities also included mediating multiple disagreements and quelling uprisings by diverse tribes.

During his travels to Syria and Ethiopia, he interacted with individuals who were not Arab, and he learned things about their lives and customs that no one else was aware of.

You might be interested:  What Are The Basic Beliefs Of Islam? (Solved)

He was considered to be one of the males of the Banu Umayyah tribe who were held in great respect by the whole Quraish community.

His Bravery and Struggle to Support Islam:

It was generally known that Ali (R.A.) was a man of great courage. He took part in practically all of the fights against the unbelievers that took place during the Prophet Muhammad’s (S.A.W.) lifetime, with the exception of the Battle of Tabuk in the year 9 Hijri, where he was absent because the Prophet (S.A.W.) had placed Ali (R.A.) in command of the city. Not only did Ali (R.A.) serve as the standard bearer in those wars, but he also led groups of soldiers on raids into the territories of the enemy.

The Battle of Uhud saw Ali (R.A.) rise to prominence; when the bearer of the Islamic flag was killed, it was Ali (R.A.) who hoisted the standard; when he was challenged by the unbeliever Talha Ibn Uthman, Ali (R.A.) attacked him and he fell to the ground.

Ali (R.A.) fought heroically at the Battle of the Trench, where he was victorious over Amr Ibn Wudd, a famous commander of the infidels.

The Muslims’ siege on the citadel was met with success, and the castle was completely filled. Furthermore, Ali (R.A.) was one of the Companions who stood with the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) throughout the Battle of Hunain, showing steadfast loyalty to the Prophet.

Ali (R.A.) During Caliphate of Abu Bakr (R.A.):

Except Ali (R.A.), who did so later owing to the fact that he was occupied in organizing the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) funeral, all the Companions (R.A.) declared their loyalty to Abu Bakr (R.A.) after the Prophet’s (S.A.W) death, according to Islamic law (Sharia). Furthermore, upon the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) death, he swore an oath that he would refrain from engaging in any activity other than prayer until he had finished composing the Quran. Throughout Abu Bakr’s Caliphate, Ali (RA) pledged his allegiance to him and aided him in any way he could think of.

In addition, before fighting apostasy and the Romans, Abu Bakr (R.A.) sought the advice of Ali (R.A.) first.

Ali (R.A.) During Caliphate of Umar ibn Al-Khattab (R.A.):

After the death of Abu Bakr (R.A.), Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (R.A.) was elected as the second Caliph, succeeding him. He swore his loyalty to Umar (Ra) and served as a valued counselor to him during his time in exile. During the caliphate of Umar (R.A.), the Islamic army defeated the Roman Empire in Syria, Egypt, and northern Africa, establishing a new Islamic state. Aside from it, the Islamic army defeated the Persian Emperor in Iraq, Persia, and Khurasan, expanding its reach as far as the borders of Turkey and India.

  1. It has been reported that Ali (R.A.) was the one who encouraged Umar (R.A.) to declare Hijra to be the beginning of the Islamic calendar year, according to tradition.
  2. placed Ali (R.A.) in charge of Madinah.
  3. Ali (R.A.) was a member of the electoral council that chose the third caliph, who was appointed by Umar.
  4. The two most prominent candidates were Uthman (R.A.) and Ali (R.A.).

Ali (R.A.) During Caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan (R.A.):

The third Caliph, Uthman Ibn Affan (R.A.), was chosen by the people. A promise of loyalty was made by Ali (R.A.) to Uthman (R.A.), and he remained in Madinah to support him. Ali (R.A.) had a significant part in the instigation to revolt against Uthman during the reign of terror (R.A.). Ali stood with Uthman (R.A.) and protected him by supplying advise and confronting the provincial opposition, which came from Egypt and Iraq, throughout his time in power. They hoped to replace Uthman (R.A.) with Ali (R.A.), but Ali (R.A.

In this way, they feigned to be retreated before returning to Madinah and laying siege on Uthman (R.A.) and his family after three days of pretending to be retreating.

Ali (R.A.) and his sons were passionate supporters of Uthman (R.A.), and they meant to fight the rebels on his behalf. However, Uthman (R.A.) refused to murder people for his own cause. It was a complex period in Islamic history that was highlighted by the assassination of Uthman al-Khalifa (R.A.).

Ali Ibn Abi Talib (R.A.): The Fourth Caliph:

During the election for the third Caliph, Uthman Ibn Affan (R.A.) was chosen. A vow of loyalty was made by Ali (R.A.) to Uthman (R.A.), and he remained in Madinah to assist him. Ali (R.A.) had a significant part in the instigation to revolt against Uthman during the reign of terror that followed (R.A.). Ali was a staunch supporter of Uthman (R.A.) and protected him by providing counsel and standing up to provincial opposition from Egypt and Iraq. Uthman (R.A.) was the target of their attempts to replace him with Ali (R.A.), but Ali (R.A.) rebuffed their efforts.

When Ali (R.A.) and his sons stood up for Uthman, they were prepared to fight the insurgents, but Uthman (R.A.) refused to murder people for the sake of his brother.

His Martyrdom:

Ibn Al-Tiyah came to Ali (R.A.) on the night of Ali’s death to summon him to the prayer as the sun rose in the sky. Ali (R.A.) was heavily reclined at the time of this conversation. As a result, he returned a second time while Ali (R.A.) was still in the same position, and he returned a third time when Ali was still in the same position. Ali (R.A.) rose from his seat and headed to the mosque after the third time. The moment he reached the narrow entrance, Ibn Muljam jumped out and slapped him in the face.

(25th January, 661CE).

According to a Quraishi elder, after Ali (R.A.) was struck by Ibn Muljam, Ali (R.A.) exclaimed, “I have been succeeded by the Lord of the Kabah.” Ali (R.A.) was killed by Ibn Muljam, according to the elder.

Al-Hasan (R.A.) was the one who conducted the prayer during his funeral.

May Allah have mercy on Ali Ibn Abu Talib and be pleased with him and assemble us among his company.

Ali Ibn Abi Talib is the author of the sourcebook (May Allah be pleased with him) Kamal Ahmad is in charge of administration. Manal Qutub provided the translation. From the series: Men and Women in the Company of Muhammad (S.A.W.)

Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (ra)

Al-Ibn-Abi-Talib is the name of the sourcebook (May Allah be pleased with him) Kaleem Ahmad is the person in charge. Manal Qutub was in charge of translating the work. Muhammad’s Men and Women: A Series of Photographs (S.A.W.) Khilafat reigned from 656 to 661 AD. Immediately following the death of Hazrat Uthman (ra), the city of Medina was in a condition of total turmoil and anarchy. It took five days of political bickering until Hazrat Ali (racause )’s was backed by Ibn Saba, the leader of an Egyptian rebel party, on the basis that he was the legitimate Khalifah who had been appointed in accordance with the Holy Prophet’s (saw) wishes.

  1. Hazrat Ali (ra) was the son of the Holy Prophet’s (saw)uncle, Abu Talib, and the grandson of Hazrat Ali (ra).
  2. Because his father’s financial situation was precarious at the time of Hazrat Ali’s birth, the Holy Prophet (saw) personally took on the role of his guardian.
  3. The Mecan chiefs had intended to capture and assassinate the Prophet Muhammad (saw).
  4. Hazrat Ali (ra) was a valiant and competent warrior who fought for his country.
  5. During his lifetime, Hazrat Ali (ra) was united in marriage to Hazrat Fatimah (ra), who was the Holy Prophet’s daughter (saw).
  6. Following his election, he was confronted with the widespread desire of Muslims, including notable companions of the Holy Prophet (saw), such as Hazrat Talha (ra) and Hazrat Zubair (ra), for the speedy punishment of the murderers of Hazrat Uthman (ra).
  7. However, Hazrat Talha (ra) and Hazrat Zubair (ra) did not agree with Hazrat Ali (ra) and began to raise an army in opposition to him.

The three of them were in charge of a tiny army that marched towards Basra.

A fight took place between his soldiers and those of Hazrat Aishah, which ended in a defeat for him (ra).

Hazrat Aishah’s (ra)forces were vanquished, but Hazrat Ali (ra)gave her proper respect and took care of her safety.

The battle was called theBattle of Jamal(Camel) because Hazrat Aishah (ra)rode a camel during the battle.

After theBattle of Jamal, Hazrat Ali (ra)urged Amir Muawiah (ra), who had not yet taken the Bai’at of Hazrat Ali (ra)to submit to him in the best interest of Islam.

Amir Muawiah (ra), with the help of Amr Bin As (ra), started raising an army.

In July, 657AD, the two armies met in a battle atSaffain.

This consisted of Abu Musa al-Ash’ari (ra), representing Hazrat Ali (ra), and Amr Bin As (ra)representing Amir Muawia (ra) (ra).

A large group of people, who were basically against the proposal of arbitration, separated from Hazrat Ali (ra)and chose an independent Amir for themselves.

At first, Hazrat Ali (ra)tried to persuade them to submit to him, but failed.

After this crushing defeat, theKhawarijiplanned to assassinate Hazrat Ali (ra), Hazrat Amir Muawiah (ra)and Amr bin As (ra) (ra).

Hazrat Ali (ra)was fatally wounded by his attacker, while going to the mosque for Fajr prayer.

Two days latter, this courageous and pious Khalifah passed away on 20 thRamadan, 40 AH. Undoubtedly, Hazrat Ali (ra)sacrificed his life for the integrity of Khilafat. He was one of the ten blessed ones to whom the Holy Prophet (saw)had given the glad tidings that they had been rewarded the paradise.

A brief history of Hazrat Ali – the first male to embrace Islam

On Friday, the 13th of Rajab (the seventh month of the Islamic calendar), which occurs on March 31 this year, a historic event took place: the execution of a prominent Islamic figure. According to Shia traditions, which are supported by certain Sunni scriptures, Fatima binte Asad, Abu Talib’s wife, was significantly pregnant at the time of the incident and had traveled to the Holy Kaaba to circumambulate it when she began experiencing labor pains. She was within the Holy Kaaba when the wall of the building suddenly burst apart, allowing her to give birth to a baby boy inside.

  1. I, too, have done so on several occasions, over the protestations of the security personnel stationed there, who believe it to be biddat (innovation).
  2. As a result, this was the first face that the infant saw, and he was given the name Ali (exalted).
  3. At the age of eighteen, he became the world’s first male to accept Islam as his faith and Muhammad as the Prophet of God.
  4. Even now, Ali’s supporters say that they can still see the crack, despite the fact that it has been put in since then.
  5. Because he was not only a man of intelligence and study, but he was also one of the bravest warriors the world had ever seen, as well as a just administrator, he stood out from the crowd.
  6. Millions of qawwalis have been written in his honor, the most famous of which is the Prophet’s saying (pbuh)
  • Man kunto Maula
  • Fa hazaa Aliyun Maula (whoever accepts me as a maula/Ali is also his maula)
  • Man kunto Maula
You might be interested:  What Is The House Of Worship Called In Islam? (TOP 5 Tips)

We’ve heard stories of Ali’s famous wisdom and bravery since we were children. As a follower of Hazrat Ali, I’d like to share a couple of my favorite quotes with you. In a collection titledNahjul BalaghaorPeak of Eloquence, a collection of his sayings and letters have been preserved. The response to his smart words on social media has been overwhelmingly positive every time I’ve shared them with others. In fact, I frequently quote him when responding to trolls on my blog. Some of my favorites are as follows:

  1. In Allah’s eyes, the sin that makes you sad and contrite is more favored than the good conduct that makes you haughty. Forgiveness is the finest kind of retribution
  2. If you are successful in deceiving someone, do not consider that person to be a great idiot. Instead, consider how he placed his faith in you. By the time you begin debating with a complete moron, you have already conceded defeat. As Imam Ali once told his son, Imam Hasan, “My son, learn four things from me, and through them, you will learn four more.” The highest kind of dedication to Allah’s service is to do so without making a spectacle of it. If you keep the following points in mind, your activities will not be harmful to you: While intelligence is the most valuable asset, ignorance is the most deplorable
  3. The worst virtue is vanity and self-glorification
  4. And the most noble nobility of descent manifests itself in politeness and refinement of manners. Four things, my son, should be avoided at all costs: do not form a friendship with a fool, because even when he tries to do you good, he will do you harm
  5. Do not form a friendship with a miser, because he will abandon you when you are in need
  6. Do not form a friendship with a vicious and wicked person, because he will sell you and your friendship for the lowest possible price
  7. And do not form a friendship with a liar, because,

Ali was not afraid to adjust to changing circumstances, which was unusual for someone who lived his life according to the Prophet’s teachings. A tradition established by the Holy Prophet states that “you should convert old age into youth with the use of hair color so that you do not resemble the Jews.” After being questioned about this, Imam Ali stated that there were relatively few Muslims in the early stages of the religion’s development. According to the Holy Prophet, they should appear young and vigorous, and should avoid following the manner of the Jews (priests), who wore their beards in long, white flowing waves.

  • When Ali was crowned as the fourth Caliph of Islam, he nominated Malik Ashtar as the administrator of Egypt, a position he held until his death.
  • I’m copying some of the following passages (which were translated by Rasheed Turabi): ” I would like you to know, O Malik, that I am appointing you as Governor of a country that has suffered both righteous and unjust government in the past.
  • It’s important to remember that there are two types of citizens in the state.
  • They are prone to infirmities and are inclined to make blunders in their work.
  • However, forgive them in the same way that you would like God to forgive you.

Do not say things like “I am your overlord and dictator, and that you should therefore obey to my dictates.” Preserve fairness in administration and force it on yourself, while also obtaining public approval, because the unhappiness of the masses sterilizes the contentment of the privileged few, and the discontent of the few loses itself in the contentment of the many.

“Untangle the knot of mutual animosity that exists between the general population and the administration, and eliminate all factors that may contribute to strained relations between them.” On to give wise advice on how to keep the army happy, how to choose a chief justice, and how to alleviate the plight of cultivators, noting that even though a temporary loss of revenue may result from tax reductions, it could be made up “in the hour of greater prosperity of your land and enable you to improve the condition of your towns and raise the prestige of your state.” He pushed for meeting with the impoverished and downtrodden on a regular basis in an open forum without armed guards in order to hear their problems and concerns.

  1. Today, he is primarily renowned for his legendary bravery, which is entirely appropriate.
  2. I challenge you to a duel.” Does anybody among you have the confidence to engage me in a one-on-one confrontation?” There was no response to the giant’s appeal for help.
  3. Ali was halted by the Prophet twice, but on the third occasion Ali simply stated, “I am Ali ibn Abu Talib.” Ali’s agility and dexterity with his feet allowed him to deflect the giant’s attacks with relative ease.
  4. The Zulfiqar would go on to become one of the most lethal swords in mythology.
  5. When Amr was unable to free himself from Ali’s grip and stand, he spit in his face.
  6. When Amr sprung to his feet (in retaliation), Ali swung the Zulfiqar at him, killing him instantly.
  7. “O Ali!” Muhammad exclaimed.
  8. “O Messenger of God, just as I was ready to stab him in the throat with my blade, he spit at me and verbally assaulted me.
  9. I needed to get my wrath under control, so I walked away.
  10. Please note that Ali’s birth was reported on a Friday in a number of different years, but the most reliable date has been determined to be 16 BH, which corresponds to the year 13 Rajab that occurred on Friday.

You may also be interested in reading Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti’s Urs: Why are Sufi saints’ death anniversaries commemorated like weddings?

Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (p)

Name:Ali Asadullah (Lion of God); Haydar (Brave-hearted); Abu Turab (Father of Dust); Amir al-Mu’minin (Lion of God); Amir al-Mu’minin (Lion of God) (Commander of the Faithful) Abu al-Hassan; Abu al-Hassanain; Abu al-Hassan Abu Talib is the father of Abu Talib (Peace be upon him) Fatima bint Asad is the mother of Fatima bint Asad. 13th Rajab, 23rd BH/595 CE, within the Holy Kabah in Makkah, Hejaz area of the Arabian Peninsula, was the day of his birth. Ibn Muljam, a Kharijite, hit him in the head with a sword on the 21st of Ramadan, 40 AH/661 CE, and he died as a result.

  • Imam Ali (p): “.and I’m leaving with you two very important items.
  • According to Prophet Muhammad, “The Book of God (the Qur’an) serves as a link between God and you, so keep it close; and the other is my family (Ahl al-Bayt).
  • These were the statements said by Prophet Muhammad on the occasion of Ghadir’s death.
  • Ibn ‘Ali was one of Muhammad’s disciples who exuded intelligence, faith, and heroism from every pore of his body.
  • As Commander of the Faithful, he was the one who bore the most similarity to Prophet Muhammad in appearance.
  • As the Commander of the Faithful, he possessed this personality trait.
  • Even when the Prophet traveled to the desert or the adjacent mountains, the young Imam accompanied him on his journey.

As a matter of fact, Imam Ali was one of the very few people who never believed in or knelt down to false gods — either before or after the establishment of Islam.

While Muslims were migrating to the Islamic capital of Madinah, the Prophet matched each one of the Muslim migrants (muhajirin) with a Muslim brother from the people of Madinah (anar) to help them adjust to their new home.

However, discussing some of the enduring pictures from Imam ‘Ali’s life may give a look into the life of a real legend in the making.

It had been Amro, the hero of the adversaries, who had been tormenting the Muslims and shouting out for a challenger.

Imam ‘Ali, on the other hand, is different.

In response to the third supplication, Prophet Muhammad referred to Imam ‘Ali as “He is Amro.” “And I am ‘Ali,” Imam ‘Ali said, referring to himself.

An exchange of words with Amro revealed that a confrontation was undoubtedly imminent.

Imam ‘Ali, on the other hand, was able to fight back and claim victory.

“The challenge that Ali presented to Amro on the Day of the Trench (Khandaq) is greater than the acts of my whole people till the Day of Judgment,” the Prophet Muhammad said in response to the occurrence.

Imam ‘Ali carefully selected his conflicts, without compromising his values in the process.

Rather, various political figures were selected by some of the companions as a replacement.

It was Imam ‘Ali who advised these rulers on how to best serve the truth for the greater good of all people, even after his death.

When Imam ‘Ali was praying in the Mosque of Kufah, an assassin hit him with a poison-tipped sword, killing him instantly.

They soon discovered that the strange angel who had appeared to them in the middle of the night to collect sadaqah had in fact been none other than Imam ‘Ali.

In the Sermon on the Skeletons (Khutbah al-Ashbah), Imam Ali describes God in significant detail.

In a letter to Malik al-Ashtar, the Governor of Egypt – Imam ‘Ali wrote the following: “.Remember, Malik, that among your subjects there are two kinds of people: those who have the same religion as you do – they are brothers to you – and those who have religions other than yours – they are human beings like you.” “.Remember, Malik, that among your subjects there are two kinds of people: those who have the same Men in either group suffer from the same flaws and infirmities that all human beings are prone to; they commit crimes and indulge in vices, either consciously or stupidly and unwittingly, and they do so without comprehending the gravity of their actions until it is too late.

Give them your pity and compassion and allow them to be rescued and assisted in the same way and to the same degree as you want God to grant mercy and forgiveness to you.” Pages 34-35 of al-A’immah al-Ithnay Ashar by Sh.

Jafar SubhaniPages 35-36 of Seerat al-A’immah by Sh.

Jafar SubhaniPages 52-54 of Seerat al-A’immah by Sh. Jafar SubhaniPages 61- “Letter to Malik al-Ashtar,” Nahj al-Balaghah”Khutbat al-Ashbah,” Nahj al-Balaghah”Khutbat al-Ashbah,” Nahj al-Balaghah”Khutbat al-Ashbah,” Nahj al-Balaghah”Khutbat al-Ashbah,” Nahj al-Balaghah”Khutbat al-Ashbah,”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *