Who Is Muhammad Islam? (Solved)

Muhammad was the founder of Islam and the proclaimer of the Qurʾān, Islam’s sacred scripture. According to Islamic tradition, the Qurʾān, understood as a literal transcription of the speech of God (Allah), was revealed to Muhammad in stages by the archangel Gabriel, beginning in 610.

Why is Muhammad important to Muslims?

Because Muhammad was the chosen recipient and messenger of the word of God through the divine revelations, Muslims from all walks of life strive to follow his example. After the holy Qur’an, the sayings of the Prophet (hadith) and descriptions of his way of life (sunna) are the most important Muslim texts.

Is Muhammad and Allah the same person?

Allah and Muhammad are central figures in Islam. Allah is the supreme god in Muslim worship, while Muhammad is his prophet and messenger. The main difference between Allah and Muhammad is that Allah is the Creator and Muhammad is the creation (in extension, the founder of Islam).

Who killed Muhammad in Islam?

Zaynab bint Al-Harith (Arabic: زينب بنت الحارث‎, d. 628) was a Jewish female Islamic figure who attempted to assassinate Muhammad in the aftermath of the battle of Khaybar.

Why did God choose Muhammad?

Background. Muslims believe Allah chose Muhammad to be his prophet because he was a fair and wise man and because he was concerned for the people. Allah continued to reveal his word to the prophet for the next 23 years. The revealed teachings were written down by the Prophet Muhammad’s close friends and followers.

Why is Muhammad the last prophet?

The phrase Khatamu ‘n-Nabiyyīn (“Seal of the Prophets”) is a title used in the Quran to designate the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is generally regarded to mean that Muhammad is the last of the prophets sent by God.

How is Muhammad different from Jesus?

Jesus and Mohammed lived in two different periods. Jesus has called Himself the Son of God, and Mohammed called himself as the messenger of God. When Jesus got instructions directly from God, Mohammed received instructions from an angel. Jesus had never married whereas Mohammed had 11 wives.

Who wrote the Quran?

The Prophet Muhammad disseminated the Koran in a piecemeal and gradual manner from AD610 to 632, the year in which he passed away. The evidence indicates that he recited the text and scribes wrote down what they heard.

Who created God in Islam?

The Qur’an states that ” Allah created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, in six days” (7:54). While on the surface this might seem similar to the account related in the Bible, there are some important distinctions. The verses that mention “six days” use the Arabic word “youm” (day).

How did Muhammad look like?

He had black eyes that were large with long lashes. His joints were rather large. He had little hairs that stood up, extending from his chest down to his navel, but the rest of his body was almost hairless. “He had thick palms and thick fingers and toes.

Was Muhammad a real person?

Muhammad was the founder of Islam and the proclaimer of the Qurʾān, Islam’s sacred scripture. He spent his entire life in what is now the country of Saudi Arabia, from his birth about 570 CE in Mecca to his death in 632 in Medina.

What is the meaning of Ali in Islam?

Ali (Arabic: علي, ʿAlī) is a male Arabic name derived from the Arabic root ʕ-l-w, which literally means ” high”, “elevated” or “champion”. The name Ali also arises in other traditions.

What was Muhammad’s message?

Believing that God had chosen him as his messenger Muhammad began to preach what God had revealed to him. The simple and clear-cut message of Islam, that there is no God but Allah, and that life should be lived in complete submission to the will of Allah, was attractive to many people, and they flocked to hear it.

Is Muhammad the most important prophet?

Muhammad is the final prophet in Islam, known as the ‘Seal of the Prophets’. This means that Muslims regard Muhammad as Allah’s final messenger. Muslims do not believe that Muhammad was in any way divine, and this is confirmed in the Qur’an, which states: Muhammad is no more than a messenger (Surah 3:144).

What were Muhammad’s teachings?

Muhammad’s earliest teachings were marked by his insistence on the oneness of God (Quran 112:1), the denunciation of polytheism (Quran 6:19), belief in the Last judgment and its recompense (Quran 84:1–15), and social and economic justice (Quran 89:17–20).


Frequently Asked Questions

Who was Muhammad?

In complete, Muhammad is known as Abd al-Qsim Muhammad ibn Abd al-Mualib ibn Hshim (born c.570 in Mecca, Arabia—died June 8, 632 in Medina), the founder of Islam and the proclamer of the Qur’an. Muslim tradition holds that Prophet Muhammad (a.k.a. Mohammad) was born about 570 CE in Mecca and died around 632 CE in Medina, where he had been compelled to evacuate with his believers in 622.

Biographical sources

In terms of biographical information about the Islamic Prophet, the Qur’an provides little: it speaks of an individual “messenger of God,” whom a number of verses address as Muhammad (e.g., 3:144), and it speaks of a pilgrimage sanctuary that is associated with the “valley of Mecca” and theKabah (e.g., 2:124–129, 5:97, 48:24–25). Certain passages presume that Muhammad and his followers live at a hamlet known as al-madnah ( “the town”) or Yathrib (e.g., 33:13, 60) after having been expelled by their disbelieving adversaries, probably from the Meccan sanctuary, and that they have returned to this location (e.g., 2:191).

These are occasionally associated with geographical locations, as in the fleeting mention to a triumph at a location known as Badrat 3:123.

As a result, even if one believes that the Qur’anic corpus genuinely recounts Muhammad’s teaching, the corpus as a whole simply does not include enough evidence to create even a brief biographical picture of Muhammad.

Kitb al-maghz (literally, “Book of Military Expeditions”), written by Muhammad ibn Isaq (died 767–768), is considered to be the single most important work in the genre.

Rather than being an original composition, Ibn Isaq’s original book was a compilation of independent reports about specific events that occurred during Muhammad’s lifetime and also prior to it, which Ibn Isaq arranged into what he believed to be their correct chronological order and then supplemented with his own comments.

Many variations on Ibn Isq’s material, as well as additional information on Muhammad’s life, are recorded in writings by various authors, including Abd al-Razzq (died 827), al-Wqid (killed 823), Ibn Sad (deceased 845), and al-Abar (died 845).

In light of the fact that such biographical anecdotes about Muhammad can only be found in texts dating from the eighth or ninth centuries (or even later), the question of how confidence one can be in thesrahliterature’s claims to be a reliable source of historical data is inevitable to be raised.

  1. In any case, it would be completely reasonable to assume some accumulation of popular mythology around a figure such as Prophet Muhammad.
  2. Furthermore, several of the accounts in question are obvious modifications of biblical tropes intended to portray Muhammad as equal to or superior to earlier prophetic figures like as Moses and Jesus, according to the author.
  3. Finally, it is very plausible that certain accounts of events in Muhammad’s life were derived not from historical memory but rather from exegetical interpretation about the historical context of specific passages of the Qur’an, rather than from historical memory.
  4. It is believed that Urwah ibn al-Zubayr was a key collector of such early traditions.
  5. Furthermore, a number ofrudimentarydetails concerning Muhammad have been validated by non-Islamic sources that stretch back to the first decades following Muhammad’s canonical date of death.
  6. Such evidence is adequate to establish the historical presence of an Arab prophet who went by the name of Muhammad, according to scholars.
  7. Consider the fact that certain non-Islamic sources portray Muhammad as still living during the time of Arabian conquest ofPalestine (634) and 640, in contrast to Islamic tradition which holds that the Prophet had already died away at this time.
  8. The nature of our sources, on the other hand, does not provide us reason to believe that we have historically definite knowledge about the Prophet’s life that is as extensive as many prior academics had assumed.
  9. As a result, assertions such as “Meccan armies invaded theoasis of Medina on March 21, 625” are intrinsically suspect in their accuracy.
  10. The purpose of this digest is not to distinguish between historical fact and subsequent fiction.

So, unlike many prior Western versions, there will be no effort to eliminate supernatural components from the narrative in order to make it into a story that seems reasonable by current historiographical criteria, as was done in the past.


Muhammad is regarded as the prophet and founder of the Islamic religion.

Who Was Muhammad?

Muhammad was the prophet and the founder of the Islamic religion, according to Islamic tradition. The majority of his early years were spent working as a shopkeeper. He began receiving revelations from Allah when he was 40 years old, and these revelations constituted the basis for the Koran and the foundation of Islam. By 630, he had consolidated the majority of Arabia under an one religious system (Islam). At the time of this writing, there are nearly 1.8 billion Muslims across the world who believe that “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet.”

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The Life of Muhammad

Prophet Muhammad is regarded as both the founder and the prophetic figure of Islam. He worked as a merchant for the most of his early years. Revelations from Allah began to come to him when he was 40 years old, and these revelations served as the basis for both the Koran and the establishment of Islam. The majority of Arabia was united under one faith by 630, thanks to him. Approximately 1.8 billion Muslims live in the globe today, who believe that “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet.”

The Prophet Muhammad

Muhammad was also a devout Muslim who traveled to sacred locations in the vicinity of Mecca on occasion as a form of devotion. He was meditating in a cave on Mount Jabal aI-Nour on one of his pilgrimages in 610, according to tradition. “Recite in the name of your Lord who creates, who makes man from a clot!” said the Angel Gabriel, who arrived and delivered the divine message. “Recite because your master is so generous.” These remarks become the first verses of Surah (Chapter) 96 of the Qur’an, which is the first chapter of the book of Surah.

  1. Nonetheless, according to Shi’a tradition, he was delighted to receive the word from the Angel Gabriel and was strongly moved to share his experience with other potential believers.
  2. Soon after, Muhammad began to amass a tiny following, and he encountered little opposition at the outset.
  3. When Muhammad’s teaching criticized idol worship and polytheism, however, many of Mecca’s tribe elders began to consider him and his message as a danger.
  4. Those who belonged to Muhammad’s own tribe, the Quraysh, who were in charge of protecting the Kaaba, were most affected by this.
  5. The resistance against Muhammed and his followers became more and stronger, and they were finally compelled to flee from Mecca to Medina, a place 260 miles north of the capital, in 622.
  6. Muhammad was influential in bringing an end to a civil war that had erupted between many of the city’s clans while he was there.
  7. It was between the years 624 and 628 that the Muslims were engaged in a series of wars for their lives.
  8. The Meccan allies violated the pact a year after it was signed.
  9. In 630, the Muslim army marched into Mecca and captured the city with the least amount of losses possible.

The majority of the Meccan populace converted to Islam throughout the Middle Ages. In the following days, Muhammad and his companions proceeded to demolish every figure of a pagan god that stood in and around the Kaaba.

The Death of Muhammad

After the war with Mecca was eventually resolved, Muhammad traveled to Mecca on his first authentic Islamic pilgrimage, and in March of 632, he gave his last sermon at Mount Arafat, where he was martyred. When he returned to Medina to his wife’s home, he became unwell and was hospitalized for many days. After 62 years of life, he died on June 8, 632 in Medina and was buried in al-Masjid an-Nabawi (the Mosque of the Prophet), which was one of the earliest mosques erected by Muhammad in Medina.

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PBS – Islam: Empire of Faith – Profiles

Muhammad, theprophet of Islam, was born in Mecca around the year 570. Orphaned beforehe had reached the age of six, he was raised under the protection of hisuncle Abu Talib. Muhammad began working as a merchant and became knownfor his trustworthiness.When he was abouttwenty-five, he married Khadija, a wealthy widow whose status elevatedMuhammad’s position in Meccan society. Muhammad and Khadija had four daughtersand two sons, both of whom died in infancy. About fifteen or twenty yearsafter his marriage, he began to have visions and hear mysterious voices.He sought solitude in a cave on Mount Hira on the outskirts of Mecca.One night duringRamadan, the traditional month of spiritual retreat,when Muhammad was about forty years old, an angel appeared to him in theform of a man and ordered him to;
  • Remember that your lord, who created man out of nothing, says: “I made him out of nothing.” Remember in the name of thy lord, who taught via the pen, and taught man things he did not know
Muhammad, fearingthat he was being attacked by an evil spirit, fled down the mountain interror. The voice called after him, “O Muhammad, you are the messengerof God, and I am the angel Gabriel.” This revelation was soon followedby others about the one true God. Eventually, the angel told Muhammadto begin proclaiming God’s message. Muhammad slowlybegan to attract some followers, most of them young and of modest socialstanding, including his cousin Ali, the son of his uncle and protectorAbu Talib. When Muhammad began to impugn the traditional polytheism ofhis native town, the rich and powerful merchants of Mecca realized thatthe religious revolution taking place under their noses might be disastrousfor business, which was protected by the Meccan pantheon of gods and goddesses.The ruling elite ganged up against Muhammad and his followers, and beganto persecute them. A few Meccans began to accept Muhammad’s message, whileother members of his clan came to support their kinsman out of familyloyalty, even if they did not yet believe in his cause. Muhammad’s positionin Mecca became hopeless when his wife Khadija and uncle Abu Talib diedin quick succession. In 622 the local rulers of Mecca forced Muhammadand his small band of followers to leave the city. Muhammad accepted aninvitation to settle in the oasis of Yathrib, located some eleven days(280 miles) north by camel, for the oasis had been nearly torn apart bywars between the clans, of which many were Jewish. Muhammad’shegira from Mecca marks the beginning of a new polity. For the first time inArabia members of a community were bound together not by the traditionalties of clan and tribe but by their shared belief in the one true God.Later believers, looking back on this event, recognized its seminal importanceby designating it as the first year of their new era. In further recognitionof this great event, the oasis of Yathrib came to be called Medina, “thecity.” Muhammad, surroundedby his followers, lived in Medina for ten years, slowly winning over converts.Muhammad made repeated attempts to attract the Jews to his cause, forexample, he directed that believers worship like the Jews in the directionof Jerusalem. Ultimately these attempts failed, and henceforth Muslimsprayed in the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca. Muhammad’s native town,which had long been a center of paganism, thereby became the center ofthe true religion, the focal point of the believers’ daily prayer, andeventually the object of their annual pilgrimage. Raiding and warfarewere the primary economic activities of the new community in Medina, andthe rich caravans organized by the Quraysh of Mecca were particularlyattractive targets. In 628, Muhammad finally negotiated a truce with theMeccans and in the following year returned as a pilgrim to the city’sholy sites. The murder of one of his followers provoked him to attackthe city, which soon surrendered. Muhammad acted generously to the Meccans,demanding only that the pagan idols around the Kaaba be destroyed. Muhammad’sprestige grew after the surrender of the Meccans. Embassies from all overArabia came to Medina to submit to him. Muhammad’s extraordinary lifeand career were cut short by his sudden death on June 8, 632, aged aboutsixty, less than a decade since he had set off from Mecca with his smallband of followers. Muslims to thisday revere Muhammad as the embodiment of the perfect believer and takehis actions and sayings as a model of ideal conduct. Unlike Jesus, whoChristians believe was God’s son, Muhammad was a mortal, albeit with extraordinaryqualities. Today many Muslims believe that it is wrong to represent Muhammad,but this was not always the case. At various times and places pious Muslimsrepresented Muhammad although they never worshipped these images.

Muhammad, the prophet who spread Islam, dies

Mention these words in the name of thy lord who created man, who made man from a clot. Remember in the name of thy lord, who taught via the pen, and taught man what he did not know; and

Early Life of Muhammad

  • The Prophet Muhammad was born in or around the year 570 CE to the Banu Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe, one of Mecca’s prominent families
  • Muhammad was orphaned at a young age and raised by his paternal uncle Abu Talib
  • Muhammad worked primarily as a merchant and shepherd, and he married Khadijah, a 40-year-old widow, in 595 CE when he was twenty-five
  • Muhammad died in Mecca in 632 CE
  • Muhammad Islam’s prophet Muhammad recognized all of the Meccan clan heads in 605 CE, and Muhammad restored the Black Stone to its proper position in the Ka’bah


A powerful merchant group that ruled over Mecca and the Kaaba (the House of Wisdom).

the Black Stone

Located in the heart of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the eastern cornerstone of the Kaaba is the oldest stone structure in the world. As an Islamic relic, it is highly cherished by Muslims and is believed to date back to the period of Adam and Eve, according to Muslim mythology. Arabia was united under Islam after Muhammad established a single religious monarchy. Muslims and Bahá’s both think he as a divine messenger and prophet sent by God. The Quran, Islam’s most sacred holy source, has several references to Muhammad’s life.

  1. Additional information about Muhammad’s life may be found in traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad (the sira literature), which are written in the style of the Prophet himself.
  2. While non-Muslims recognize Muhammad as the creator of Islam, Muslims believe that he is the one who restored the ancient monotheistic faith of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets in its unmodified and uncorrupted form.
  3. The death of Muhammad’s father, Abdullah, occurred about six months before the birth of Muhammad.
  4. The young Muhammad was raised by his foster mother, Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb, and her husband from the time he was a child of two years.
  5. After that, he was placed in the care of his uncle Abu Talib, the new chief of the Banu Hashim tribe.
  6. Muslims believe that Muhammad encountered a Christian monk or hermit called Bahira when he was nine or twelve years old while following a caravan to Syria.
  7. Muhammad was nine or twelve at the time.

According to the available information, he went on to become a merchant and “got involved in trading between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.” As a result of his upright conduct at this period, he was given the nicknames “al-Amin,” which means “loyal, trustworthy,” and “al-Sadiq,” which means “truthful,” respectively.

  1. The marriage was believed to have lasted 25 years and to have been a happy one.
  2. Following Khadija’s death, Khawla bint Hakim proposed that Muhammad marry either Sawda bint Zama, a Muslim widow, or Aisha, the daughter of Um Ruman and Abu Bakr of Mecca, according to tradition.
  3. The historian Ibn Ishaq gathered a collection of texts in which Muhammad is said to have been engaged with the well-known account of the placement of the Black Stone in position in the wall of the Kaaba in 605 CE.
  4. The chiefs of Mecca were unable to agree on which clan should be given the honor of reinstalling the Black Stone in its original location.
  5. That guy was Muhammad, who was 35 years old at the time, five years before his first revelation.
  6. The clan chiefs held the corners of the cloth together while they collectively carried the Black Stone to the appropriate location; then Muhammad laid the stone in position, bringing everyone present to their feet.
  7. Muhammad’s part in re-setting the Black Stone in 605 CE is depicted in this picture from about the year 1315.

It is said that he would occasionally withdraw to a cave in the highlands for many nights of prayer and isolation; it was at this location, it is said, that he was visited by the angel Gabriel and received his first revelation from the Almighty.

Muhammad and the Faith of Islam [ushistory.org]

University of Southern California’s Muslim Students Association provided the image. In this passage from the Qur’an, which was originally written in Arabic, “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah” is translated. According to the Qur’an (48:29), A religious vision was revealed to a guy who was meditating alone in a cave near Mecca. This vision set the groundwork for the establishment of a new religion. Muhammad was born in the year 610, and he was a man of many names. Islamic thought evolved from Muhammad’s thoughts, and the belief system that resulted from these concepts is now the foundation for Islam, which is one of the most commonly practiced religions in the world.

  1. Both of Muhammad’s parents died when he was six years old, and he was raised by his grandpa and uncle after that.
  2. A Bedouin family welcomed him into their home throughout his boyhood, as per the customs of rich families.
  3. Muhammad’s encounters with these persons are highly likely to have had a significant impact on the formation of Islamic thought.
  4. Over the following 20 years, he rose from obscurity to become a wealthy and well-respected trader who traveled across the Arab world.
  5. By the time he was 40 years old, he began receiving religious visions that would forever alter the course of his life.

A Revelation of Faith

Muhammad received a revelation while meditating in a cave on the mountain of Hira. Eventually, Muhammad came to think that he had been chosen by God to serve as a prophet and teacher of a new religion, Islam, which literally translates as “submission.” The elements of Judaism and Christianity were merged into this new religion. Religions’ sacred texts, as well as their famous prophets and leaders – Abraham, Moses and Jesus, among others — were held in high regard. Muhammad addressed Abraham as “Khalil,” which means “God’s companion,” and designated him as the ancient patriarch of Islam.

Muhammad thought that he was God’s ultimate prophet and that he himself was the final prophet.

  • There is just one worldwide God, and his name is Allah. Muslims are obliged to pray five times a day with their backs to Mecca, according to Islamic tradition. All Muslims are required to pay an annual tax, which is mostly used to assist the poor and needy. Muslims are prohibited from eating, smoking, drinking, or engaging in sexual intercourse from sunrise to sunset during the whole month of Ramadan. All capable Muslims are required to do the Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca) at least once in their lives.

The Kaaba

The Kaaba, Islam’s holiest location, is located in Mecca and is believed to have been erected by Abraham and his son Ishmael for the worship of Yahweh. Islam grew at a breakneck pace, engulfing most of what was formerly the ancient Near East, North Africa, and Spain, and eventually enveloping the whole world. The impoverished and slaves, in particular, responded favorably to Muhammad’s message.

However, his message was met with strong opposition from many quarters. As a result of the pushback, he appeared to become even more determined. As a result of years of openly pushing his opinions, he grew to be despised to the point that some began plotting his death.

From Mecca to Medina and Back

Muhammad escaped to the town of Medina in 622 because he was afraid for his life. The Hegira, which is Arabic for “flight,” was the name given to this voyage from Mecca to Medina. This year marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. When Muhammad and his entourage arrived in Medina, the locals greeted them warmly. Muhammad established the first mosque, also known as the Islamic temple, at Mecca and began the process of separating Islam from the religions of Judaism and Christianity, which had first inspired him.

Allah’s revelations to Muhammad lasted throughout his life.

During his time in Mecca, Muhammad was involved in a number of fights with the locals.

Before his death two years later, he had forced the conversion of the majority of the Arabian Peninsula to his new faith and established a tiny kingdom on the peninsula’s southern tip.


Many Islamic sects have a belief in jihad, which is a common thread running through them. Despite the fact that the actual meaning of the Arabic word is difficult to convey in English, the word jihad is most appropriately translated as “fight.” For the vast majority of Muslims, jihad is a personal battle against evil. The sacred wars of this spiritual conflict are fought within the minds and hearts of Muslims. Sometimes the fight takes the shape of a physical battle against those who do not believe in God.

  • A small but vocal minority of Muslims, on the other hand, places a high value on holy war jihads.
  • It is this idea of jihad that serves as an inspiration for Islamic extremist terrorist activity.
  • It should be emphasized that mainstream Islam is a peaceful religion that opposes the concept of unjustified violence.
  • The unfortunate thing is that Muhammad had not named a successor.

Despite these difficulties, a huge Islamic empire was established over the course of the following 12 centuries, resulting in a worshiper base that was unsurpassed by any other religion.

BBC – Religions – Islam: Prophet Muhammad (570-632)

Muhammad is considered the ultimate and full revelation of Islam to humanity, which occurred in the 7th century CE through the Prophet Muhammad. Muslims believe that Islam has always been and that it was gradually revealed to humanity through a number of prophets. Muhammad was born in the Saudi Arabian city of Mecca. © Muhammad was born in the Saudi Arabian city of Mecca in the year 570. He was a very spiritual guy who spent a lot of time in meditation on Mount Hira, where he lived. One night in 610, while meditating in a cave on Mount Arafat, the Qur’an was visited by the angel Jibreel, who instructed him to recite the Qur’an.

As soon as Jibreel spoke Allah’s name, Muhammad began reciting phrases that he eventually came to believe were the words of God himself.

The Qur’an

Muhammad is considered the ultimate and full revelation of Islam to humanity, which occurred in the 7th century CE through the Prophet Muhammad. Muslims believe that Islam has always been and that it was gradually revealed to humanity through a number of prophets. In Saudi Arabia, Muhammad was born in Mecca, where he later became known as the Prophet Muhammad. © Prophet Muhammad was born in the Saudi Arabian city of Mecca in the year 570 AD. Mr. Hira was a very spiritual guy who frequently went to Mount Hira to meditate and pray.

This is the traditional version of the Qur’an.


Muhammad began preaching what God had revealed to him once he came to believe that God had selected him to be his messenger. Many people were drawn to Islam by its straightforward and unambiguous teaching, which said that there is only one God, Allah, and that life should be lived in perfect devotion to Allah’s will. As a result, large crowds gathered to hear it.

The Hijrah

Muhammad’s popularity was viewed as a danger by the people in power in Mecca, and in 622, Muhammad led his followers on a journey from Mecca to Medina to demonstrate his authority. This voyage is referred to as the Hijrah (migration), and the event was deemed so significant for Islam that the year 622 is designated as the beginning of the Islamic calendar.

The return to Mecca

Within ten years, Muhammad had amassed a large enough following that he was able to return to Mecca and capture the holy city. From that point forward, he was universally recognized as the real and last Prophet of God by the believers. Muhammad remained the spiritual and worldly leader of his society until his death in 632, when he passed away.

Audio journey

The panorama of the desert. Author Edward Stourton recounts the origins of Islam, the biography of Muhammad, and the influence this mystic and warrior has had on contemporary world politics in his book In the Footsteps of Muhammad.


In the year 610, a 40-year-old uneducated trader living in the Arabian deserts experienced a revelation that would change the course of history forever. With more than a billion adherents, Islam has surpassed Christianity as the second most popular religion on the earth.

In order to see this content, you must have Javascript enabled as well as Flash installed on your computer. For complete instructions, go to BBC Webwise. Jerusalem’s Dome of the Rock is a must-see.


Jerusalem is the third holiest location in Islam, after Mecca and Mecca alone. The early Muslims, however, did not worship towards Mecca, but rather towards Jerusalem. This episode investigates the possibility that Islam arose as a result of a cult of Jewish belief. Also covered is the definition of jihad, as well as how the life of the prophet Muhammad and the fights against the pagan Meccans have been invoked to justify suicide bombings in the past. In order to see this content, you must have Javascript enabled as well as Flash installed on your computer.

The Alhambra Palace is a palace in Granada, Spain.


In many ways, the Alhambra Palace is the finest surviving Muslim palace in the world, and it represents an era in European history that many Muslims believe has been all but erased from history books by European Christians: the flowering of Islamic culture, philosophy, and science, which meant that once upon a time, the intellectual heart of Europe did not beat in Paris, Rome, or Athens, but in the great Muslim cities of Granada and Cordoba.

The music used in this episode is by a group known as Joglaresa.

For complete instructions, go to BBC Webwise.


Indonesia is the world’s biggest Muslim nation, and it has been plagued by religiously motivated violence since it declared its independence from the United Kingdom in 1945. Islamic reformers in the nation, on the other hand, are arguing for a radical reinterpretation of Muhammad’s life as a means of guiding the country toward democratic rule. Is this the beginning of an Islamic renaissance that will pave the way for the rest of the Muslim world to follow? In order to see this content, you must have Javascript enabled as well as Flash installed on your computer.

Who Was Muhammad?

Historiography in the field of social studies

Have You Ever Wondered.

  • Who was Muhammad, when did Muhammad live, and which major religion did Muhammad found are all questions that need to be answered.

Heba from Fontana, California, was the inspiration for today’s Wonder of the Day. His daughter Heba wonders, “Who was Muhammad?” Heba, thank you for sharing your WONDER with us! He was born in 570 A.D. in Mecca, which is now part of modern-day Saudi Arabia, and he went on to become one of the most powerful political and religious leaders in history. Muhammad is his given name. Abd al-Mualib ibn Hshim was the full name of Abd al-Qsim Muammad ibn Abd Allah ibn Abd al-Mualib ibn Hshim, who was also known as Mohammed.

  1. Muhammad married a wealthy widow when he was 25 years old and went on to have a regular life as an amerchant.
  2. Muhammad had a vision in the cave about the year 610 A.D.
  3. In fact, it was the first of many revelations that would be compiled over time to become the Qur’an (also written Koran), which would eventually come to be recognized as the sacred book of the religion founded by Muhammad: Islam.
  4. Muhammad saw himself to be the final prophet of the Jewish-Christian heritage.
  5. His teachings brought together the many distinct tribes of the Arabian Peninsula and altered the course of history in the Middle East and the rest of the globe for the foreseeable future.
  6. He began to speak out against opportunistic businessmen.
  7. The Prophet Muhammad began to acquire adherents in Medina, a city located around 200 miles north of Mecca.
  8. When city officials realized that Muslims were going to relocate to Medina, they immediately began planning to murder Muhammad.
  9. The Hegira is the name given to this legendary voyage.
  10. Muhammad continued to gather supporters in Medina, where he finally established an atheocratic state.
  11. By the time Muhammad died on June 8, 632, he had successfully consolidated his control over the majority of Arabia.

Islam, on the other hand, continued to grow throughout the world, and now it ranks second only to Christianity as the world’s most widely practiced religion.

Wonder What’s Next?

The life of our planet will be the subject of tomorrow’s Wonder of the Day!

Try It Out

Are you ready to go even deeper into Muhammad’s life and legacy? Check out the following activities with a friend or family member to make the most of your time:

  • In order to have a better understanding of the important events that occurred throughout Muhammad’s life, go online to the PBS website and go at a chronology of The Life of Muhammad. Which historical events, in your opinion, are the most significant? Why
  • Every year, as many as two million Muslims go to Mecca to perform their religious duties. Known as the Hajj, this pilgrimage is highly recommended for all Muslims, who should make the trek at least once throughout their lives. More information may be found by visiting aVirtual Hajjonline. Are you interested in learning more about Muhammad’s revelations, which were later compiled to form the Qur’an? Read through the online version of Muhammad and the Qur’an to learn about the fascinating history that lies behind Islam’s sacred book.

Wonder Contributors

The following people from Indiana have contributed questions concerning today’s Wonder topic:Shafia, Zarrar, and Mike from IN. Continue to WONDER with us! What exactly are you puzzling over?

Muhammad and Islam

Mr. Giotto’s Online Textbook»The Middle Ages»Muhammad and Islam Muhammad and Islam are two of the most well-known figures in the Islamic world. Muhammad is the founder and prophet of Islam, which is one of the fastest growing religions in the world today. Muhammad is also known as the Prophet of Islam. As we progress through this online chapter, we’ll discover more about Muhammad and the concepts that guide his religious practices. During the early Middle Ages, we shall also observe how Islam developed into an imperial power.

  1. Muhammad was born on the Arabian Peninsula in the year 570 AD.
  2. Muhammad grew up learning the trade of a trader, transporting goods through the desert in caravans, which he continued until adulthood.
  3. One of these oasis was Mecca, the city of Muhammad’s birth, which was included on the list.
  4. In addition to being an oasis, Mecca was the site of a gigantic black stone, which was perhaps made of ameteorite.
  5. When Muhammad was a child, the Kaaba served as a temple dedicated to the numerous gods and goddesses worshipped by the people who lived in the surrounding area.
  6. Tourists contributed to the growth of the economy of Mecca.
  7. He was seen by Kadijah, a lady who hired him to go across the country in acaravanto and trade her wares.

Muhammad would escape to a hilltop to meditate from time to time.

Muhammad said that he was instructed by Gabriel to reject the polytheism practiced by the other inhabitants of the region and to follow the one true God.

Upon his return to his house, Muhammad informed his wife Kadijah of the revelation as well as of his God, whom he referred to as Allah.

Kadijah was the first individual to become a follower of Islam, the name given to Muhammad’s religious movement.

Muslims acknowledge prophets such as Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, to mention a few, with Muhammad being the ultimate prophet of Islam and the last of the prophets.

Muhammad denounced thepagangods as fake, which did not go over well in Mecca, which was a hotbed of pagan worship at the time.

Muhammad was forcibly expelled from Mecca.

On the Islamic calendar, the year 622 is regarded as the first year.

The hegira is the term used to describe Muhammad’s journey from Mecca to Medina.

Islam is founded on five pillars.

These are the pillars on which the foundation is built: Muslims should get to know Allah better and embrace him as the one and only God, according to Islamic teachings.

Muslims should make charitable contributions to the less fortunate.

Muslims should also make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once throughout their lives, if they can afford to do so.

As you continue reading, you will understand why Mecca is so significant to Muslims.

Muhammad gathered an army of around 10,000 people in Medina and marched on Mecca, where he was killed.

When Muhammad built the Kaaba, he demolished the pagan idols that were there and dedicated the temple to Allah.

The Al-Masjid al-Haram, or the Grand Mosque, is the name given to the mosque in Mecca.

Muhammad was ill and died of a fever in AD 632, but by that year, the majority of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam, according to historians.

(see map below).

A rift developed among Muslims following Muhammad’s death about how to select the caliph, or leader of the Muslim community, after Muhammad’s death.

Mu’awiyah was elected as the sixth caliph, and he was instrumental in establishing the Umayyad Dynasty.

It was the city of Cordoba in Spain that served as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate.

When a caliph called for jihad, it was the obligation of a committed follower to react in like.

The Byzantine Empire was under siege in the East at the time.

It is possible to discern the locations of Mecca and Medina, which are both on the Arabian Peninsula, by looking at this map of the region.

Spain was included in the ultimate conquest.

While the Christian West and East saw Muslim armies as marauding barbarians, the reality was far from that portrayal of them.

The technique of papermaking was taught to the Muslims by Chinese POWs who were captured during the conflict.

Reading and writing skills improved as a result of the increased learning.

They were one of the first organizations to recognize that eating a nutritious diet may aid in the recovery of people from disease.

The astrolabe, a form of computer that chronicled the motions of the planets, the moon, the sun, and the stars, was invented by the Muslims, possibly as a replica of an older Hellenistic model.

The Kaaba at Mecca, as seen in a current image; the Black Stone is visible in one of the structure’s corners, as shown in this shot.

We shall find out what happened when the Moors came into battle with the Merovingian Franks in the following online episode, as well as if Clotilda’s forecast concerning the Merovingians came true.

  • Aloud Readings of the Prophet Muhammad and the Islamic Faith (WMA 7.28 MB) Aloud Readings of the Prophet Muhammad and the Islamic Faith (MP3 10.85 MB) Aloud Readings of the Prophet Muhammad and the Islamic Faith


mp3 file: This is an audio file and can be opened with an audio player or editor such as QuickTime. Download the free QuickTime Player forPC or Macintosh.
  • Java Games about the Arab (Islamic) Empire – (2013) Islamic Empire: From Poverty to Prosperity is a strategy game.

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